ICS Calendar Title: Art, Religion, and Theology

ICS Course Code: ICSD 120102 F12

Instructor: Dr. Smick  Rebekah, rsmick@icscanada.edu

Term and Year: Fall 2012

Last Updated: September 12, 2012

Contents

1. Course Description

2. Course Requirements

3. Learning Outcomes

4. Required Readings

5. Recommended Readings

6. Reading Schedule

1. Course Description

The course will explore significant ways that Christians have thought about the arts, artistry and art culture in Eastern and Western Christendom. The course will compare the varieties of theologies of art that have emerged from within the Protestant, Catholic, and Orthodox traditions as well as consider what distinguishes a “theology” of art by investigating historical and contemporary conceptions of art and theology. The study will involve looking at paintings, icons, altarpieces, and socially and culturally engaged works of art as well as pertinent theological writings.    

2. Course Requirements

 

3. Learning Outcomes

Participants in the course will:

4. Required Readings

*Note: Items on the ICS Library Reserve Shelf from this list may be borrowed overnight.

Gesa Elsbeth Thiessen, Theological Aesthetics: A Reader (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2004) (ICS Library Reserve Shelf: BR115 .A8 T427 2005)

Other Required Readings:

Elkins, James. The Strange Place of Religion in Contemporary Art. New York: Taylor and Francis Books, 2004 [ISBN 0-415-96988-3], pp. 1-4.  (4 pp)

Elkins, James. “How Some Scholars Deal with the Question.” In Re-Enchantment. Ed. James Elkins and David Morgan. New York and London: Routledge, 2009 [ISBN10: 0-415-96051-7], pp. 69-78. (9 pp)

 

Adorno, Theodor. “Theses upon Art and Religion Today.” The Kenyon Review, Vol. 7, No. 4 (Autumn, 1945), 677-682. (6 pp)

 

Auden, W.H. “Postscript: Christianity and Art.” The Dyer’s Hand. New York: Vintage, 1989 [ISBN 0-679-72484-2], pp. 456-461.  (6 pp)

 

Duve, Thierry de.  Look, One Hundred Years of Contemporary Art. Trans. Simon Pleasance and Fronza Woods. Brussels: Ludion, 2000 [ISBN-13: 978-9055443161], pp. 11-53. (42 pp) N6488 B4 B72813 2001

 

Millard Erickson. Christian Theology. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Books, 1993 [ISBN 10:0-8010-2182-0], pp. 17-24. (7 pp)

Plato, Republic, Book X, 595a-608a. In Plato: Complete Works. Eds. J. Cooper and D.S. Hutchinson. Indianapolis: Hackett, 1997, 1199-1212 (13 pp)  [ISBN-13: 978-0-87220-349-5]

 

Plato, Symposium, 210a-212c. In Plato: Complete Works. Eds. J. Cooper and D.S. Hutchinson. Indianapolis: Hackett, 1997, 492-494 (2 pp)

 

Plato, Phaedrus, 247a-249e. In Plato: Complete Works. Eds. J. Cooper and D.S. Hutchinson. Indianapolis: Hackett, 1997, pp. 525-527 (2 pp)

 

Plato, Timaeus, 27a-29e. In Plato: Complete Works. Eds. J. Cooper and D.S. Hutchinson. Indianapolis: Hackett, 1997, 1234-1236 (2 pp)

 

Aristotle, Metaphysics, 7.1032a.13–1033b.20.  In The Metaphysics. Trans. H. Tredennick. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1968,      [ISBN-10: 0674992997]

 

Aristotle, Poetics, IV, 1448b-1449a. In Aristotle’s Theory of Poetry and Fine Art. Trans. S.H. Butcher. New York: Dover, 1951, 15-17 (2 pp)  [ISBN 0-486-20042-6]

 

Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, 6.1139b33-1140b5. In Aristotle: Nicomachean Ethics. Trans. T. Irwin. Indianapolis: Hackett, 1985, 151-154 (3 pp) [ISBN 0-915145-66-9]

 

Plotinus, Enneads, 1.6.1-9, 5.8.1-8. In Plotinus: The Enneads. Trans. S. MacKenna. London: Faber and Faber, 1969 [?], pp. 45-55, 410-419  [ASIN: B000EN7YRA]

Old Testament, Exodus 20: 4-6, Exodus 33: 11, 18-23

New Testament, John, 1: 17-18; 14: 1-10

Athanasius, On the Incarnation. Chapters 14-16. In Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers: Series II, Vol. IV – Athanasius: Select Works and Letters. Trans. Archibald Robertson. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdman’s, 2007, 43-45 (3 pp)

Basil, On the Holy Spirit. Chapter 18. In Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers: Series II, Vol. VIII – Basil: Letters and Select Works. Trans. Blomfield Jackson. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdman’s, 2007, 25-27 (2 pp)

Augustine, Letter 147: Augustine to Paulina. In The Works of Saint Augustine. II.2, Letters 100-155. Trans. Roland Teske. Hyde Park, N.Y.: New City, 2003, 318-350 (32 pp) [ISBN

9781565480551]

Augustine, The Confessions. Book XI.5.7. In The Works of Saint Augustine. Trans. Maria Boulding. New York: New City Press, 2003, 289 (1 p)  [ISBN 0375700218]

 

Pseudo-Dionysius. The Celestial Hierarchy. Books 1-2. In Pseudo-Dionysius: The Complete Works. New York; Mahwah: Paulist Press, 1987, 145-153 (8 pp)  [ISBN 0-8091-2838-1]

 

John of Damascus. Apologia of St. John Damascene Against Those Who Decry Holy Images. Part III. From St. John Damascene: On Holy Images. Translated by Mary H. Allies. London: Thomas Baker, 1898, 1-11 (11 pp)  [ISBN-13: 978-1436514279]

Bonaventure. The Mind’s Road to God. Chapters 2-5. Trans. George Boas. New York: Macmillan, 1953, 14-38 (24 pp) [ISBN 0-02-311250-6]

Giovanni Boccaccio, “The Genealogy of the Gentile Gods: Extracts from Books XIV and XV” in Medieval Literary Theory and Criticism c.1100-c.1375: The Commentary Tradition, eds. A.J. Minnis and A.B. Scott (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1988), 420-438 (18 pp) [ISBN 0-19-811274-2] (TRIN: PN88 .M45 1988)

Dante Alighieri. Paradise. Cantos I and XXXIII. In The Divine Comedy, Vol. III. Trans. Mark Musa. New York: Penguin, 1986, 1-5, 390-394 (4 pp) [ISBN 0 14 04.4443 2]  (ICS Library Reserve Shelf: PQ4315 .M8 1984 v.3)

Leon Battista Alberti. “Book Threein On Painting. Trans. John R. Spencer. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1966, 89-98 (9 pp) [ISBN 0-300-00001-4]

Michelangelo. Non ha l’ottimo artista alcun concetto. In The Poetry of Michelangelo, Ed. R.J. Clements. New York: 1965) [ISBN-13: 978-0226080307] (ROBA: PQ4615 .B6 C55)

Calvin, John. Commentary on the Book of the Prophet Isaiah. Trans. William Pringle. In The Commentaries of John Calvin on the Old Testament. Vol. III. Edinburgh: Calvin Translation Society, 1848, 46.2.  [public domain]

Kant, Immanuel. Critique of Judgment.  Trans. Werner Pluhar. Indianapolis: Hackett, 1987, Book I: 1, 2, 5, 6, 7, 8, 11, 14, 15, 16; General Comment on the First Division of the Analytic; Book II:  23, 28, 33, 46, 47, 59. [ISBN 0-87220-025-6]

Georg W. F. Hegel. Introductory Lectures on Aesthetics. Trans. Bernard Bosanquet. London: Penguin, 1993, Chap. 1: I-XXII; Chap. 3: XXXVIII-LXVIII; Chap. 5: XCIV-CXV (63 pp) [ISBN-13: 978-0-14-043335-7]

Seerveld, Calvin. “Modal Aesthetic Theory, Preliminary Questions with an Opening Hypothesis.” In Rainbows for the Fallen World. Toronto: Tuppence Press, 1980, 104-137 (33p) [ISBN 0-919071-01-5]

Wolterstorff, Nicholas. “Art and the Aesthetic: The Religious Dimension.” The Blackwell Guide to Aesthetics.  Ed. Peter Kivy. Oxford: Blackwell, 2004, 325-339 (14 pp)  [ISBN 0-631-22131-X]

5. Some Recommended Readings

*Note: Items on the ICS Library Reserve Shelf from this list may be borrowed for 5 days.

Barasch, Moshe.  Icon: Studies in the History of an Idea. New York and London: New York University Press, 1992. (ROBA: BR238 .B36 1992)

Begbie, Jeremy. Voicing Creation’s Praise: Towards a Theology of the Arts. Edinburgh: T and T Clark, 1991. (ICS Library Reserve Shelf: BR115 .A8 B44)

____________. Theology, Music and Time. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000. (ICS Library Reserve Shelf: ML3921 .B44 2000)

Belting, Hans. Likeness and Presence: A History of the Image before the Era of Art. Trans. Edmund Jephcott. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994. (ICS Library Reserve Shelf: N7850 .B4513 1994)

Besançon, Alain. The Forbidden Image: An Intellectual History of Iconoclasm. Trans. Jane Marie Todd. Chicago: University of Chicago, 2000. (ROBA: N7790 .B4713 2000)

Burch Brown, Frank. Religious Aesthetics, A Theological Study of Making and Meaning. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1989. (ICS Library Reserve Shelf: BR115 .A8 B78 1989)

Corby Finney, Paul. The Invisible God – The Earliest Christians in Art. London, New York: Oxford University Press, 1994. (ROBA: BV150 .F56 1994)

Corby Finney, Paul. Seeing Beyond the Word: Visual Arts and The Calvinist Tradition. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1999. (ICS Library Reserve Shelf: BX4923 .A77 S44 1999)

Dillenberger, John. Images and Relics – Theological Perceptions and Visual Images in Sixteenth-Century Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999. (ICS Library Reserve Shelf: N7862 .D56 1999)

Dyrness, William. Reformed Theology and Visual Culture. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004. (ICS Library Reserve Shelf: BX9423 .A77 D97 2004)

_____________, “Dante, Bunyan, and the Case for a Protestant Aesthetic” International Journal of Systematic Theology, Vol. 10, No. 3. (July 2008), pp. 285-302. (UTL e-journal)

De Gruchy, John W. Christianity, Art and Transformation: Theological Aesthetics in the Struggle for Justice. New York: Cambridge, 2001. (ICS Library Reserve Shelf: BR115 .A8 D44 2001)

Jensen, Robin Margaret. Face to Face: Portraits of the Divine in Early Christianity. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2005. (ROBA: N8050 .J43 2005X)

Koerner, Joseph Leo. The Reformation of the Image. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008. (ICS Library Reserve Shelf: N7862 .K64 2008 ; SMC: N7862 .K64 2004)

Levy, Evonne. Propaganda and the Jesuit Baroque. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2004. (ROBA: N7865 .L48 2004)

Pelikan, Jaroslav. Imago Dei : the Byzantine apologia for icons. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1990. (ROBA: BR238 .P44 1990)

_____________.  Jesus Through the Centuries: His Place in the History of Culture. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1985. (ROBA: BT198 .P44 1985)

Stoker, Wessel. “God, Master of Arts: On the Relation between Art and Religion,” Ars Disputandi, vol. 7 (2007)(http://www.arsdisputandi.org/publish/articles/000277/article.pdf )

Viladesau, Richard. Theological Aesthetics: God in Imagination, Beauty, and Art. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999. (ICS Library Reserve Shelf: BR115 .A8 V55 1999)

Wolterstorff, Nicholas, Art in Action. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1980. (ICS Library Reserve Shelf: BR115 .A8 W64)

Zachman, Randall. Image and Word in the Theology of John Calvin. Notre Dame, Indiana: University of Notre Dame Press, 2007. (ICS Library Reserve Shelf: BX9418 .X32 2007 ; ROBA: BX9418 .Z32 2007X)

6. Reading Schedule

Sept. 13: Introductions

Elkins, The Strange Place of Religion in Contemporary Art, 1-4  (4 pp)

Elkins, “How Some Scholars Deal with the Question,” 69-78 (9 pp)

Adorno, “Theses upon Art and Religion Today,” 677-682 (6 pp)

Auden, “Postscript: Christianity and Art,” 456-461 (6 pp)

De Duve, Look, One Hundred Years of Contemporary Art, 11-53 (42 pp)        

Erickson, Christian Theology,17-21 (4 pp)

Sept. 20: The Seen and the Unseen in the Judaeo-Greek Context

Plato, Republic, Book X, 595a-608a, pp. 1199-2012 (12 pp)

Plato, Symposium, 210a-212c, pp. 492-494 (2 pp)

Plato, Phaedrus, 247a-249e, pp. 525-527 (2 pp)

Plato, Timaeus, 27a-29e, pp. 1234-1236 (2 pp)

Aristotle, Metaphysics, 7.1032a.13–1033b.20

Aristotle, Poetics, IV, 1448b.6-1448.10; XXII, 1458a.18-1459a.10 (4 pp)

Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, 6.1139b33-1140b5 (3 pp)

Plotinus, Enneads, 1.6.1-9, 5.8.1-8 (19 pp)

Old Testament, Exodus 20: 4-6, Exodus 33: 11, 18-2

Sept. 27: Visioning God in the Early Church

New Testament, John 1: 17-18; 14: 1-10

Irenaeus, Against Heresies (excerpt) in Thiessen, 16-18 (2 pp)

Tertullian, On the Soul (excerpt) in Thiessen, 53-56 (4 pp)

Origen, De Principiis (excerpt) in Thiessen, 18-20 (2 pp)

Gregory of Nyssa, On Virginity (excerpt) in Thiessen, 24-26 (2 pp)

Gregory of Nyssa, On Perfection (excerpt) in Thiessen, 40-41 (1 pp)

Athanasius, On the Incarnation. Chapters 14-16, 43-45 (3 pp)

Basil, On the Holy Spirit. Chapter 18, 25-27 (2 pp)

Augustine, Divine Providence and the Problem of Evil (excerpt) in Thiessen, 29-30 (1 p)

Augustine, Letter 147: Augustine to Paulina, 318-350 (32 pp)

Augustine, The City of God (excerpt) in Thiessen, 42 (1 p)

Augustine, The Confessions, Book XI.5.7, 289 (1 p)

Oct. 4: The Byzantine Image as Profession of Faith

Pseudo-Dionysius, The Divine Names (excerpt) in Thiessen, 33-37 (4 pp)

Pseudo-Dionysius, The Celestial Hierarchy, Chapter 1-3, 145-153 (9 pp)

Second Council of Nicaea (excerpt) in Thiessen, 64-65 (2 pp)

Fourth General Council of Constantinople (excerpt) in Thiessen, 65-66 (2 pp)

John of Damascus, On Holy Images. Apologia III, 1-11 (11 pp)

Theodore of Studios, On the Holy Icons (excerpt) in Thiessen, 69-71 (3 pp)

Oct. 11: The Western Affirmation of Art and the Artist

Gregory the Great, Letter to Serenus (excerpt) in Thiessen, 47-48 (2 pp)

Bonaventure, The Mind’s Road to God. Chapters 2-5, 14-38 (24 pp)

Giovanni Boccaccio, “The Genealogy of the Gentile Gods: Extracts from Books XIV and XV” in Medieval Literary Theory and Criticism c.1100-c.1375: The Commentary Tradition, eds. A.J. Minnis and A.B. Scott (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1988), 420-438 (18 pp)

Dante Alighieri, Paradise (excerpt) in The Divine Comedy, trans. Mark Musa (New York: Penguin, 1986

Dante Alighieri. Paradise. Cantos I and XXXIII. In The Divine Comedy, Vol. III. Trans. Mark Musa. New York: Penguin, 1986, 1-5, 390-394. (8 pp)

Oct. 18: Theology, Art and Rhetoric

Leon Battista Alberti, “Book Threein On Painting, trans. John R. Spencer (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1966), 89-98 (9 pp)

Michelangelo, Non ha l’ottimo artista alcun concetto, in The Poetry of Michelangelo, ed. R.J. Clements (New York, 1965)  (1 p)

The General Council of Trent, Decree on the Invocation, the Veneration and the Relics of Saints and on Sacred Images (excerpt) in Thiessen, 142-143 (2 pp)

Oct. 22-26 (Reading Week)

Nov. 1: Ideas about the Thing, Not the Thing Itself

Martin Luther, Receiving Both Kinds in the Sacrament (excerpt), Ecclesiastes (excerpt), and Against the Heavenly Prophets in the Matter of Images and Sacraments (excerpt) in Thiessen, 130-134 (4 pp)

Huldrych Zwingli, A Short Christian Instruction (excerpt) in Thiessen, 134-136 (2 pp)

John Calvin, The Institutes of the Christian Religion (excerpt) in Thiessen, 136-142 (6 pp)

John Calvin, Commentary on the Book of Isaiah, 46.2 (2 pp)

Nov. 8: The New Theology of the Image: Art and Aesthetics I

Immanuel Kant, Critique of Judgment,  Book I: 1, 2, 5, 6, 7, 8, 11, 14, 15, 16; General Comment on the First Division of the Analytic; Book II:  23, 28, 33, 46, 47, 59 (35 pp)

Nov. 15:  The New Theology of the Image: Art and Aesthetics I

Georg W. F. Hegel, Introductory Lectures on Aesthetics, Chap. 1: I-XXII; Chap. 3: XXXVIII-LXVIII; Chap. 5: XCIV-CXV (63 pp)

Nov. 22: Either “the Aesthetic” or “the Religious”

Schleiermacher, from On Religion: Speeches to Its Cultured Despisers (excerpt) in Thiessen, 177-179 (2 pp)

Kierkegaard, from Journals and Papers (excerpt) in Thiessen, 196-198 (2 pp)

Kierkegaard, from Either/Or, Part 2 in Thiessen, 198-201 (3 pp)

Nov. 29: Theologies of Art in the Modern Orthodox Context

Leonid Ouspensky and Vladimir Lossky, The Meaning of Icons (excerpt) in Thiessen, 343-345 (2 pp)

George Pattison, Art, Modernity and Faith (excerpt) in Thiessen, 241-244 (4 pp)

Dec. 6: Theologies of Art in the Modern Catholic Context

Jacques Maritain, Art and Scholasticism (excerpt) in Thiessen, 326-329 (3 pp)

Karl Rahner, “Theology and the Arts” (excerpt) in Thiessen, 218-222 (5 pp)

Hans Urs von Balthasar, The Glory of God, vol. 1, Seeing the Form (excerpt) in Thiessen, 320-325 (5 pp)

Dec. 13: Theologies of Art in the Modern Protestant Context

Paul Tillich, “Art and Ultimate Reality” (excerpt) in Thiessen, 209-17 (8 pp)

Calvin Seerveld, “Modal Aesthetic Theory” in Rainbows for the Fallen World, 104-137

Nicholas Wolterstorff, “Art and the Aesthetic: The Religious Dimension,” 325-339


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