List of Standards for Honors Chemistry

Notes:

Table of Contents:

Lab Standards:

L1. Problem/Hypothesis:

L1 Performance Indicators:

L2. Protocol:

L2 Performance Indicators:

L3. Data:

L3 Performance Indicators:

L4.  Conclusions:

L4 Performance Indicators:

L5.  Error Analysis:

L5 Performance Indicators:

L6.  Lab Safety:

L6 Performance Indicators:

L7.  Formatting and Deadline:

L7 Performance Indicators:

Content Standards

Domain 1:  Scientific Competency

1.1.  Apply the steps of the scientific process

1.1 Performance Indicators:

1.2.  Record and manipulate data according to best practices:

1.2 Performance Indicators:

1.3.  Represent data appropriately

1.3 Performance Indicators:

Domain 2:  Matter and Energy

2.1.  Demonstrate an understanding of the nature of matter

2.1 Performance Indicators:

2.2 Demonstrate an understanding of the nature of energy

2.2 Performance Indicators:

2.3 Demonstrate an understanding of the nature of phase changes

2.3 Performance Indicators:

2.4  Demonstrate an understanding of the nature of gases

2.4 Performance Indicators:

Domain 3:  Atomic Structure

3.1 Demonstrate an understanding of the structure of the atom.

3.1 Performance Indicators:

3.2 Demonstrate an understanding of the nature of nuclear radiation.

3.2 Performance Indicators:

3.3 Demonstrate an understanding of the social, biological, and ethical aspects of utilizing nuclear technology

3.3 Performance Indicators:

3.4 Demonstrate an understanding of the development of the Atomic Model.

3.4 Performance Indicators:

3.5 Demonstrate an Understanding of the Periodic Trends Exhibited by the Elements

3.5 Performance Indicators:

Domain 4: Quantitative Chemistry

4.1 Demonstrate the ability to describe chemical compounds.

4.1 Performance Indicators:

4.2 Determine and relate quantitative aspects of chemical compounds.

4.2 Performance Indicators:

4.3 Describe and analyze chemical reactions utilizing chemical equations.

4.3 Performance Indicators:

4.4 Describe and analyze the rate of chemical reactions and physical processes.

4.4 Performance Indicators:

Domain 5: Advanced Topics in Chemistry

5.1 Demonstrate an understanding of the nature and chemistry of solutions.

5.1 Performance Indicators:

5.2 Demonstrate an understanding of the nature and chemistry of acids & bases.

5.2 Performance Indicators:

5.3 Demonstrate an understanding of electrochemistry.

5.3 Performance Indicators:

5.4 Demonstrate an understanding of organic chemistry.

5.4 Performance Indicators:

Review Standards

R1  Ability to analyze and interpret multiple choice questions.

R1 Performance Indicators:

R2  Ability to analyze and interpret constructed response questions.

R2 Performance Indicators:

R3  Ability to use Chemistry Reference Tables to answer questions.

R3 Performance Indicators:

Lab Standards:  

L1. Problem/Hypothesis:

L1 Performance Indicators:

L2. Protocol:

L2 Performance Indicators:

L3. Data:

L3 Performance Indicators:

L4.  Conclusions:

L4 Performance Indicators:

L5.  Error Analysis:

L5 Performance Indicators:

L6.  Lab Safety:

L6 Performance Indicators:

L7.  Formatting and Deadline:

L7 Performance Indicators:


Content Standards

Domain 1:  Scientific Competency

1.1.  Apply the steps of the scientific process

1.1 Performance Indicators:

  1. Identify all steps of the scientific process
  2. Propose & refine valid experimental designs for hypothetical investigations.
  3. Communicate appropriate conclusions for particular experimental circumstances.
  4. Communicate the strengths and limitations of the scientific process

1.2.  Record and manipulate data according to best practices:

1.2 Performance Indicators:

  1. Use appropriate units
  2. identify appropriate metric units to be used for a quantity.
  3. Adhere to all significant figure rules
  4. Record measurements accurately and with appropriate precision.
  5. Adhere to scientific notation
  6. Show all work involved when conducting calculations
  7. convert units throughout the range of the metric system.
  8. combine base units into complex units as required.
  9. Determine numerically acceptable answers for all data manipulations
  10. Demonstrate understanding of the correct magnitude of a metric unit to be used in particular circumstances

1.3.  Represent data appropriately

1.3 Performance Indicators:

  1. Identify the independent and dependent variables in an experiment.
  2. Construct an appropriate graph for a given set of data (scaling, axes and plotting)
  3. Correctly identify the relationship between variables on a graph
  4. Extrapolate and Interpolate to get information from a graph.


Domain 2:  Matter and Energy

2.1.  Demonstrate an understanding of the nature of matter

2.1 Performance Indicators:

  1. Correctly classify a substance as a pure substance or a mixture.
  2. Explain the difference between an element and a compound and provide examples of each.
  3. Explain the difference between a homogenous and a heterogenous mixture and provide examples of each.
  4. Determine appropriate modes of separating the components of a given mixture
  5. Identify chemical and physical properties of a substance.
  6. Determine if a property of a substance is intrinsic or extrinsic, physical or chemical.
  7. Identify chemical and physical changes, and explain the difference between them.
  8. Relate the properties of a substance to the arrangement of the particles of that substance.
  9. Solve problems using the Law of Conservation of Mass.

2.2 Demonstrate an understanding of the nature of energy

2.2 Performance Indicators:

  1. Identify energy sources as kinetic or potential and explain why they are classified as such.
  2. Explain the relationship between kinetic energy and potential energy.
  3. Explain the relationship between heat and temperature.
  4. Convert between celsius and kelvin temperature scales.
  5. Predict the direction of heat flow between substances of different temperatures.
  6. Relate heat and temperature to the molecular behavior of a substance.
  7. Identify a process as exothermic or endothermic using information provided.
  8. Solve problems using the Law of Conservation of Energy.
  9. Use the calorimetry equation to solve for all terms.
  10. Relate the specific heat of a substance to its capacity to absorb and release heat.

2.3 Demonstrate an understanding of the nature of phase changes

2.3 Performance Indicators:

  1. Relate and identify phases of matter to the energy and arrangement of the particles that comprise that matter.
  2. Characterize and identify phases of matter based on the relative strengths of their intermolecular attractive forces
  3. Explain how conditions of temperature and pressure determine the phase of a substance.
  4. Utilize heat equations to calculate the amount of energy needed to change the phase of a sample of matter.
  5. Construct and interpret phase change diagrams

2.4  Demonstrate an understanding of the nature of gases

2.4 Performance Indicators:

  1. Explain how conditions of temperature and pressure affect gases.
  2. Relate the behavior of gases to the kinetic molecular theory
  3. Compare the behavior of real gases to that of an ideal gas.
  4. Utilize the gas laws to predict the characteristics of a sample of gas.
  5. Determine the value of the Universal Gas Constant in units different from those in a supplied version.

Domain 3:  Atomic Structure

3.1 Demonstrate an understanding of the structure of the atom.

3.1 Performance Indicators:

  1. Determine the number of protons, neutrons and electrons in an atom of a particular isotope.
  2. Compare the location, mass and charge of protons, neutrons and electrons.
  3. Compare isotopes and ions of an element.
  4. Calculate the average atomic mass for an element.

3.2 Demonstrate an understanding of the nature of nuclear radiation.

3.2 Performance Indicators:

  1. Explain why some isotopes are radioactive and others are not.
  2. Compare mass, charge, and energy of different types of nuclear radiation.
  3. Solve transmutation equations.
  4. Compare natural transmutation, artificial transmutation, fission reactions and fusion reactions.
  5. Explain the concept and cause of half-life in radioisotopes.
  6. Solve half-life problems.
  7. Explain the source of energy production in nuclear reactions.
  8. Solve mass defect problems to determine the amount of energy produced during a nuclear reaction.

3.3 Demonstrate an understanding of the social, biological, and ethical aspects of utilizing nuclear technology

3.3 Performance Indicators:

  1. Explain the effects of nuclear radiation on living systems.
  2. Explain the functioning of a nuclear power plant.
  3. Explain the functioning of a nuclear weapon.
  4. Explain the uses of nuclear technology in society, medicine, and basic research.
  5. Provide examples of the benefits and risks associated with nuclear technology.

3.4 Demonstrate an understanding of the development of the Atomic Model.

3.4 Performance Indicators:

  1.  Explain key experiments that related to the model’s development
  2.  Identify the major scientific contributions (and contributors) to our understanding of atomic structure.
  3. Relate the structure of the atom to the location and behavior of electrons.
  4. Relate the structure of the atom to the production of electromagnetic radiation.
  5. Mathematically show the relationship between wavelength, frequency, and energy of electromagnetic radiation
  6. Mathematically show the relationship between wavelength and the frequency of light.
  7. Derive the mass of a photon.

3.5 Demonstrate an Understanding of the Periodic Trends Exhibited by the Elements

3.5 Performance Indicators:

  1. Navigate the periodic table.
  2. Relate properties of an element (electronegativity, ionization energy, atomic radius, metallic character and non-metallic character) to its position on the periodic table.
  3. Identify and describe the general physical and chemical properties of metals, metalloids, nonmetals, and noble gases, alkali metals, alkaline earth metals, transition metals, halogens, and noble gases.


Domain 4: Quantitative Chemistry

4.1 Demonstrate the ability to describe chemical compounds.

4.1 Performance Indicators:

  1. Determine the bonding between two elements and classify it as ionic, polar covalent, nonpolar covalent, or metallic, based on their chemical properties.
  2. Demonstrate an understanding of the physical and chemical properties of a compound as a function of the bonds in that compound.
  3. Determine the molecular/atomic structure of a compound.
  4. Identify the shape of a molecule by utilizing VSEPR theory/Orbital Hybridization.
  5. Determine the structure of molecular compounds that violate typical structural conventions (e.g. BF3 , PCl6).
  6. Relate the structure of a compound to the intermolecular attractive forces present in the compound.
  7. Determine structures that demonstrate resonance.
  8. Determine names of compounds in agreement with IUPAC nomenclature rules.
  9. Determine formulae of compounds when given their names.

4.2 Determine and relate quantitative aspects of chemical compounds.

4.2 Performance Indicators:

  1. Determine the gram formula mass of a compound
  2. Calculate the percent composition of a part of a compound
  3. Experimentally determine the empirical and molecular formulas of given compounds
  4. Convert between moles, mass, particle number, and volume (of gases at STP) for any given quantity of any compound.

4.3 Describe and analyze chemical reactions utilizing chemical equations.

4.3 Performance Indicators:

  1. Balance chemical reactions.
  2. Classify chemical reactions as synthesis, decomposition, single-replacement or double-replacement reactions.  
  3. Predict reaction type based on descriptions of reactants or products.
  4. Assign oxidation states to all species in a chemical reaction and identify reduced and oxidized species.
  5. Predict precipitate formation during double-replacement reactions.
  6. Design double-replacement reactions to produce desired precipitates.
  7. Utilize stoichiometric analysis to predict quantities of reagents consumed and produced in chemical reactions
  8. Identify limiting factors and excess reagents in chemical reactions.

4.4 Describe and analyze the rate of chemical reactions and physical processes.

4.4 Performance Indicators:

  1. Apply kinetic molecular theory to the process of chemical reactions
  2. Explain how different factors affect the rate of chemical reactions
  3. Quantitatively and qualitatively describe chemical reactions in terms of energy and entropy changes.
  4. Utilize the mass action expression to analyze reversible reactions.
  5. Calculate Keq values if supplied with the concentrations of reactants in the system.
  6. Determine the spontaneity of chemical reactions through analysis of energy changes, entropy changes and the temperature of the system in which the reaction occurs.
  7. Utilize LeChatelier’s principle to predict how the effect of a stress on a reaction system will alter the equilibrium of that system.


Domain 5: Advanced Topics in Chemistry

5.1 Demonstrate an understanding of the nature and chemistry of solutions.

5.1 Performance Indicators:

  1. Identify the factors that determine solubility.
  2. Relate the factors that determine solubility to the nature of the particles of a particular solute and solvent.
  3. Determine the solubility of particular solutes in particular conditions of temperature and pressure.
  4. Calculate Ksp values if supplied with the concentrations of reactants in the system.
  5. Determine the concentration of particular solutions and express concentration in terms of:
  1. grams of solute/100 g of water
  2. Molarity
  3. Parts per million
  4. % by mass
  5. % by volume
  6. Molality
  7. Effective Molality
  8. Normality
  1. Explain the basis for colligative properties in terms of the nature and energetics of the particles of a solute and solvent
  2. Calculate the effect of particular concentrations of specific solutes on the boiling point and freezing point of aqueous solutions.

5.2 Demonstrate an understanding of the nature and chemistry of acids & bases.

5.2 Performance Indicators:

  1. Utilize the Arrhenius definition to classify a substance as an acid or a base.
  2. Name arrhenius acids and bases.
  3. Demonstrate familiarity with the properties of acids and bases
  4. Predict the products of a neutralization reaction, if given the reactants, and vice versa.
  5. Apply the titration equation to determine the volumes or concentrations of unknown acids or bases.
  6. Calculate the pH of a solution if given the concentration of protons, hydronium ions or hydroxide ions.
  7. Determine the pH of a solution using qualitative indicator data.
  8. Utilize the Bronstead-Lowry definition to classify a substance as an acid or a base, and identify conjugate acid-base pairs.
  9. Utilize Kw to determine the concentration of protons/hydronium ions and hydroxide ions in a solution.
  10. Calculate KA/KB  for an acid/base if provided with concentrations of dissociated and undissociated quantities.
  11. Utilize KA/KB  to reach quantifiable conclusions about how strong or weak a particular acid or base is.

5.3 Demonstrate an understanding of electrochemistry.

5.3 Performance Indicators:

  1. Assign oxidation states to all atoms in a compound to determine oxidation, reduction, oxidizing agent, reducing agent, and spectator ions during a chemical reaction.
  2. Utilize half-reactions to balance redox equations.
  3. Determine if a particular redox reaction will occur spontaneously or nonspontaneously.
  4. Calculate the electrical potential of a particular redox reaction.
  5. Design a functional wet cell, identify and explain the function of all parts of the system.
  6. Understand the difference between direct current and alternating current, and demonstrate familiarity with the major modes of generating each.
  7. Design a functional electrolytic cell, identify and explain the function of all parts of the system.
  8. Utilize prior knowledge of elemental chemistry to construct realistic electrochemical systems.
  9. Design a functional electro-plating system, identify and explain the function of all parts of the system.

5.4 Demonstrate an understanding of organic chemistry.

5.4 Performance Indicators:

  1. Demonstrate familiarity with the physical and chemical properties of organic compounds
  2. Classify, name, and draw the structures of hydrocarbons, substituted hydrocarbons, and families of organic compounds.
  3. Determine the isomers of given organic compounds.
  4. Classify organic reactions (combustion, substitution, addition, esterification, etherification, polymerization, saponification, and vulcanization).
  5. Determine the products of a particular organic reaction when given the reactants.
  6. Design an organic reaction to produce particular products.


Review Standards

R1  Ability to analyze and interpret multiple choice questions.

R1 Performance Indicators:

R2  Ability to analyze and interpret constructed response questions.

R2 Performance Indicators:

R3  Ability to use Chemistry Reference Tables to answer questions.

R3 Performance Indicators: