Student's use of time coding form
Teacher: David Lent Class: 10:20am
Topic: Zumba Grade: College
Date: 3/23/11 # of Students: 10
Time analysis codes: Decision is based on what 51% of the observed students are doing at the time.
M = Management
Time when most students (over 50%) are not receiving instruction or involved in lesson activity (e.g., changing activities, getting out or putting away equipment, listening to behavior rules or reminder).
A = Activity
Time when most students (over 50%) are involved in physical movement (e.g., catching a ball, throwing at a target, running).
I - Instruction
Time when most students (over 50%) are receiving information about how to move or perform a skill (e.g., how to move using all the space, watching a demonstration, listening to instructions).
W = Waiting
Time when most students (over 50%) are not involved in the other categories (e.g., group activity but only one or two are participating, waiting for a turn, off-task behavior, waiting for the teacher to give directions).
1 2 3 4 5 6
7 8 9 10 11 12
13 14 15 16 17 18
Percent of M time = 50 ÷ 920 = 5 %
TOTAL M seconds TOTAL LESSON seconds
Percent of A time = 410 ÷ 920 = 45 %
TOTAL A seconds TOTAL LESSON seconds
Percent of I time = 370 ÷ 920 = 40 %
TOTAL I seconds TOTAL LESSON seconds
Percent of W time = 90 ÷ 920 = 10 %
TOTAL W seconds TOTAL LESSON seconds
Management < 15% = 1 pt.
Activity > 50% = 2 pts.
Instruction < 30% = 1 pt.
Waiting < 5% = 1 pt. Total Score (M+A+I+W)= 1