For the Google doc

 

Quantum Wave Cosmology 2011

 

This document starts with selected and edited posts from the thread QWC Revisited 2011, posted in the Pseudoscience forum at SciForums where I post as Quantum Wave.  It includes updated axioms and speculations developed at ToeQuest where I post as Bogie, and from other forums over recent years.  Also see my posts at FRDB recently.

 

04-18-11, 10:19 AM #1

I am working on developing and evolving my personal view of cosmology and philosophy. I think I’m better able to state the axioms now than I have been before because I know better as I learn what the limits of science are. To me axioms that accompany a view of cosmology are meant to address those issues that science cannot yet address, the imponderables as I call them about the nature of the infinities that deal with the beginning, the boundaries, the limits, thresholds and processes of nature. This is an updated statement of Quantum Wave Cosmology (QWC) starting with axioms that to me personally serve as the self-evident and necessary truths from which QWC speculation is derived.

The limits of science are physical. We can observe the micro universe down to the internal components of the atom and we can manipulate the subatomic particles and gather data about their internal composition. We can observe the macro universe out to the reach of our best instruments like the space telescopes, radio observatories, and ever improving space based instruments.

Those are the frontiers of the science of cosmology.

Within the scientific community there is a peer review process that I think is responsible for presenting science in an orderly fashion to the layman community and I call that function the “peer reviewed consensus” of what we tentatively know for sure. It is the role of this consensus function to take responsibility for the material that is fed to the popular media so that the layman community will respect the scientific method and will not find frequent instances of backtracking in statements issued.

In my limited view and level of understanding of that peer reviewed consensus, we don’t know what causes mass and gravity, we don’t know what caused the Big Bang, we don’t know the age of the universe if there were preconditions to the Big Bang, we don’t know the extent of the universe, and we don’t know how to unify the forces of nature.

In QWC I deal with that lack of science by axioms and derived “truths” which all fall into the category of “reasonable and responsible” speculation. The axioms deal with what we cannot yet know due to the limits of our tools and ability to observe, and the derived truths are nothing more than speculations that I as a layman can go with. The scientific community is stymied in a way because they are limited to the scientific method which shuns unsupported speculation.  There is speculative talk but it is not advanced by peer review and is no offered officially to the layman community.  I find the ability to speculate is the tool that makes QWC better able to run with scenarios and “what ifs” than the legitimate scientific community can.

It is axiomatic in QWC that the universe has always existed; there was no beginning. It didn’t come from nothing, and if God did it we can’t prove it.

It is axiomatic that the universe is boundless. The matter and the energy of the universe are potentially infinite in extent and no matter where you are in the universe it appears homogeneous and isotropic and has appeared essentially the same for eternity on a grand scale. That is referred to as the Perfect Cosmological Principle in the scientific community. In QWC the grand scale is referred to as the arena landscape of the greater universe with the existence of expanding arenas birthed by Big Bangs considered a necessary derived truth (speculation).

It is axiomatic that time simply passes. It is a derived truth that the observed fact that clocks run at different speeds during relative motion is a function of the relative energy density of the environments. The observed fact is that clocks run slower as they are accelerated and it is a derived truth in QWC that acceleration increases the energy density of the environment and that makes it appear that the rate at which time passes can fluctuate.

The actual rate of time passing does not fluctuate in QWC; time passes at the same rate at all points in space. That gives rise to the derived truth that there is a time continuum and any point in time which is called a “now” could be described as a “freeze frame” across the entire universe. Any motion that occurs between nows, regardless of the length of the time interval between nows, will represent the same duration at all points in the universe. That means that from one now to the next, the time interval is the same at all points in space regardless of relative motion. Therefore it is a derived truth that time dilation is a result of fluctuating energy density caused by acceleration and not due to the geometry of spacetime. In QWC space and time are components of all motion and time dilation is due to relative energy density of the environments where time is being measured to pass at different rates.

It is axiomatic in QWC that the time continuum passes smoothly at the level of reality meaning that the time intervals between nows don’t actually represent iterations of universal motion. The concept of iterations is derived from our inability to measure the time continuum at the level of reality because we are limited to clocks that operate in iterations.

It is axiomatic that energy is all there is. All space contains energy and energy exists as waves traversing space that is filled with the energy commodity. It is a derived truth that the presence of matter is composed of standing waves of energy with inflowing and out flowing components.

From the standing wave concept it is a derived truth that particles transform unsynchronized energy waves coming from surrounding space into synchronized waves exiting the particle equally in all directions. These equalized energy emissions from particles and objects traverse the space between objects and become the unsynchronized inflowing waves of other objects.

It is a derived truth in QWC that motion of objects in gravitational fields is caused by the process of energy density equalization that takes place within particles. The unsynchronized inflowing waves are transformed to synchronized out flowing waves by the process called quantum action that coincides with the establishment and maintenance of mass. The motion is a result of the shift of the presence of the particle toward the strongest net inflowing wave density as the converging unsynchronized inflowing waves are equalized into synchronized out flowing waves.

It is the scientific consensus that electromagnetic radiation consisting of waves across the entire electromagnetic spectrum is produced by oscillating dipoles consisting of charged atomic particles. It is derived truth that since particles themselves are speculated to be composed of waves of energy then there are two levels of order involved in electromagnetic radiation. One is the spectrum of wave energy that produces the presence of matter consisting of particles, and the other is the electromagnetic spectrum of wave energy produced by the oscillation of charged particles within atoms and molecules. Since both forms of wave energy traverse the energy commodity that fills all space, the frequency of those waves is the key to their perpetuation. Standing waves that produce matter are higher frequency than electromagnetic waves that are produced by matter.

In QWC tentativeness is an axiom. For example the observed and calculated expansion of the known universe is the consensus and is considered to be fact, but the scientific meaning of tentativeness is invoked and respected. If it were to be determined that the apparent expansion is actually an illusion, i.e. if new science could explain away the observed expansion then QWC would not need to derive the arena landscape concept and would revert to a steady state concept of the universe. I should point out that the arena landscape of the greater universe is itself a steady state concept on a grand scale that accommodates galactic separation (expansion) within arenas and derives the concept of arena overlaps that cause galaxies to collapse into big crunches which burst (big bangs) and generate new arenas from the debris of the overlapping parent arenas.

Those axioms and speculations derived from them constitute the primary QWC platform. Any observation of nature must be able to be explained by deriving explanations that are consistent with that platform or else the platform must be revised. I have the fun of maintaining the platform and the distinction of being the only person being deluded in quite this way.

 

 

04-19-11, 08:27 AM  #6

I’m a layman, I’m not doing science, and I’m not making any claims. I can see how it could rub science professionals the wrong way when I put a name like Quantum Wave Cosmology to my personal views on cosmology and I call myself Quantum Wave, because as professionals you have put in the rigor to become educated and proficient at what you do and you know that laymen like me haven't.  I’m asking about your views though because it seems to me that the scientific community has given much thought to the imponderables.

Granted, people actively engaged in their particular areas of science have too little professional time. Forum posting is limited free time which many would consider wasted by discussing these airy issues that are beyond science and the outlook for answers is bleak. I guess that puts my topic into the philosophical pseudoscience category, lol.

But it would seem to me that in the Pseudoscience or Speculation forums at reputable science forum sites frequented by professionals there would be people who could find time to converse with a layman about these topics.

Anyone interested in a philosophical pseudoscience discussion about any parts of my opening post and/or the following related speculations?

 

 

4/21/2011, 11:58 PM #15

I started with an axiom about the beginning. It is one of the things that the best science under the scientific method cannot tell us and there is no enthusiasm or confidence that science will ever be able to tell us if there was a beginning or not.

It sounds funny to say it this way but just because we are here doesn't mean that there was a beginning. The option that the universe has always existed is there for those of us who don't see merit in the alternatives that something can come from nothing or that a Creator God will be proved to exit by some irrefutable act or evidence.

In the meantime, in the absence of proof to the contrary and to use the terminology of axioms, I personally find it a necessary truth if not self-evident that the universe has always existed. I start from there.

 

 

4/22/2011, 08:08 AM #17

[Originally Posted by SciWriter

“Stuff having been forever is not possible since the 'elementals' are limited as well as having very specific particulars.”]

 

This thread is speculation. The first axiom addresses the universe as an entity that had no beginning. I don’t assume that all the same stuff or even the same particles have been present forever. Nothing but energy has always existed. Particle particulars are that energy is the component of particles, i.e. particles are composed of energy in quantum increments and are maintained by high frequency inflowing and out flowing standing energy waves.

 

[Originally Posted by SciWriter

“If forever, what would have been responsible for their definition? Or if just reduced to energy, which is still a real substance, then what and why of its amount and location and properties, too?”]

 

Yes, I am speculating that all is reduced to the energy commodity, the only commodity in the universe.

Energy as a real substance alone is not physical in the sense that it is matter. It is waves of energy traversing the energy commodity that is necessary to establish the presence of particles. Newton's bucket, Einstein's thought experiment comes to mind. I may not yet fully understand the thought experiment but at the time Mach had proposed that gravity was instantaneous and so the spinning bucket would feel the gravity from the distant and surrounding universe and the water would creep up the side of the spinning bucket. Einstein proposed that gravity was not instantaneous and it was the geometry of spacetime that would cause the water to creep.

In QWC, Newton’s spinning bucket would only exist for as long as the inflowing waves were available to sustain the standing wave pattern that makes up the particles from which the bucket and the water are composed. Standing waves have two components, the inflowing waves from all directions and the out flowing waves in all directions. If you did a thought experiment with a bucket of water spinning in otherwise empty space, i.e. you cut off the inflowing energy wave component of the standing waves, you wouldn’t have to worry about if the water would creep up the side of the bucket. The bucket and the water would immediately be disbursed at the speed of light into the surrounding empty space in the form of out flowing energy waves in all directions.

 

[Originally Posted by SciWriter

“The basis of the 'elemental' itself would still have to have been forever eternal and so it is almost the same to say that stuff was forever, but perhaps more accurate to say that stuff was always forever becoming.”]

 

Exactly; the stuff was not forever, the energy that makes up the stuff is forever in QWC.

 

 

04-22-11, 03:03 PM #18

My reference above to Newton’s bucket thought experiment is useful in explaining how QWC is differentiated from the geometry of spacetime but there are centrifugal and centripetal forces and absolute space issues at play too. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_centrifugal_and_centripetal_forces)

The distinction I am going for is that in QWC the bucket and water burst outward at the speed of light into surrounding space if the inflowing waves are cut off, i.e. if the bucket is surrounded by absolutely empty space.  Also, there is the difference between frame-dragging in General Relativity and the imbalance in the inflowing component of the standing waves in QWC. I think that in GR the water feels the frame dragging caused by the geometry of spacetime and in QWC the water creeps in an attempt to move toward the direction of the net imbalance in the inflowing wave density given the competing forces involved. As long as the dual wave flow is maintained, there is almost no difference in the effect caused by QWC gravity vs. the geometry of spacetime. When I get through the initial discussion of the axioms I will spend some time explaining the presence of mass and the cause of gravity in QWC and discuss that small difference.

In the mean time, the second axiom of QWC is that the universe is boundless. In my short discussion with KilljoyKlown I described the second axiom:

 

[Originally Posted by QW

“Hi KilljoyKlown. I think you and I have some similar speculations. If I may refer to my OP, the second axiom says, “It is axiomatic that the universe is boundless. The matter and the energy of the universe are potentially infinite in extent and no matter where you are in the universe it appears homogeneous and isotropic and has appeared essentially the same for eternity on a grand scale.” That is referred to as The Perfect Cosmological Principle, and from that link, “A cosmological hypothesis which states that the universe is on average homogeneous and isotropic, as well as constant in time.”]

 

This is a very useful axiom obviously. A boundless universe is spatially infinite. To use a syllogism, (the first axiom) the universe has always existed, (the second axiom) the universe is boundless (exists everywhere), so we have a universe that is infinite in space and time.

We do not know these two axioms to be true. They are issues that are not determined in modern cosmology and are not established using the scientific method. There is no provable answer to these “imponderables” and the consensus cosmology does not offer suggestions. That is why I deal with them axiomatically as if they were true, either self-evident or necessary truths upon which to build; from which to derive further logical truths.

I use the word “truth”, but truth is part of the terminology of axiomatic statements. That is just part of the language used and I don’t mean to delude anyone into thinking that an axiomatic truth is truth in reality. It is a figure of speech.

I use the word “derived” in regard to truths that follow from the axioms. Most understand that when I derive a truth from the axioms it is a logical truth and not a characteristic of reality.

Also there is no intention to delude anyone (you) into thinking that QWC is scientific theory. It is not; not under Popper’s philosophy of science nor any other philosophy, and I don’t propose any tests that would bring it in under the umbrella of scientific theory. It is just my personal set of views about cosmology.

 

4/23/2011, 10:44 AM #23

The third axiom is that time simply passes and the fourth is that time is a continuum. Why two axioms about time? I know it is unscientific because just saying time is a continuum is all the axioms need to say but I use the two axioms because I want to associate time with the smooth flow of energy waves and I want to disassociate space from time except for the rate at which energy waves move through space relative to each other.

We measure the passing of time in many ways but our most accurate clocks count time in the tiniest possible consistent increments. In between the increments time is also passing and no matter how small the smallest increments are that we can measure time still passes between them. That is why I say time is a continuum. Any two points on the continuum are different times no matter how close they are together. Time always passes from one point to the next even though there are a potentially infinite number of points between any two events that don’t occur simultaneously. Don’t confuse the idea of an infinite number of points between two events with there being an infinite amount of time between two events. Time is a measurement and there cannot be an infinite amount of time between two events. Infinities cannot be measured.

We observe that acceleration causes time dilation.  In QWC we derive from the time axioms the speculation that acceleration has an effect on the energy density of the object in motion. The energy density of objects increases with acceleration. Gravitational time dilation is caused by differences and changes in the energy density of the environment of the clocks used to measure the passing of time. Anything that can accurately measure time measures time to pass at the same rate in the same energy density environment. For example the aging of the human body measures time in that sense. You will age slower relative to a person who is always at rest relative to your motion.

In QWC the fact that clocks show time passing at different rates does not violate the axiom or the derived speculation. It would only violate the axiom if time itself passed at different rates in different conditions of acceleration and relative motion. The difference in the rate of aging has to do with the energy density of the environment in which the aging takes place and not with the difference in the rate that time passes on the time continuum.

Using a freeze frame example, twins are born at a point in time on the continuum. One twin leaves on an endless journey and the other stays home. Each has an identical clock. Twenty years pass on the time continuum and then time is frozen at that point across the entire universe so that the twin’s clocks can be compared in their different locations. The traveling twin’s clock shows that only ten years have passed. The resting twin’s clock shows that twenty years have passed. The traveling twin appears ten years younger than the resting twin. Every indication is that time passed slower for the moving twin but the time continuum is the true time against which the effect of time dilation is measured.  Twenty years passed for both twins on the time continuum and this assumes that the twin at rest was at rest with absolute time.

 

It is quite reasonable to expect that the time that passes in different moving reference frames will not agree with the time that passes on the time continuum.  There is no location in the universe that a clock can be placed that will measure the passing of time at the same rate as time passes on the time continuum.  The idea that a time continuum as used in QWC actually exists cannot be proved but it is axiomatic in QWC.

An observed phenomenon that is explained by the curvature of spacetime can also be explained by the difference in the energy density. For example light passing near a star will move slower because the space medium near the star has higher energy density. The light will be refracted by the change in the density of the medium. Energy density of an environment in QWC is the energy represented by all of the energy waves in that environment. I’ll add to that when I discuss the fifth axiom.

I use the two time axioms to establish absolute time in QWC against which dilated time can be compared.

 

 

4/24/2011, 09:32 AM #24

QWC wouldn’t exist if there wasn't already huge movement in the scientific community to fill the need for a unifying theory. There is much being written and said in the popular media which laymen can read and understand that gives us clues as to what is going on in the scientific community. I consider the largest issue to be the difference between the science that focuses on the micro realm, quantum mechanics, and science that focuses on the macro realm, general relativity. Everything is cool until you get concerned with extremes of mass and size. Very high mass and very small size presents problems in both QM and GR.

The problem seems to me to center around what I call energy density which is probably different from what a professional in either QM or GR would define it. I define energy density as the wave energy content of space.

The fifth axiom of QWC is that energy is all there is. I know it can be seen as a cop out in QWC but I see everything as being composed of energy in the form of energy waves. I say it can be seen as a “cop out” because the nature of energy in science has been more about the ability to do work than the basic commodity out of which everything in the universe is composed. Science, in the absence of any evidence of a medium through which waves can be propagated has left the aether behind and moved on to the geometry of spacetime. If you consider my view, the energy commodity fills all space and waves that traverse the energy commodity are energy waves. Matter is composed of energy in quantum increments.

I speculate that these waves are everywhere and are coming and going in all directions at any point in space and have a wide range of frequencies. The energy commodity is never at rest anywhere.  Wave energy would represent the energy background and within that background there are converging waves at any point in space. In the absence of matter these converging waves are unsynchronized which to me is another way of saying they are unquantized.

Matter is composed of wave energy and the operative characteristic is synchronization. When the converging waves become synchronized the presence of a particle exists. Particles that pop up in the chaotic unsynchronized background might do so out of chance or probability or might do so more predictably out of circumstances associated with recurring events like big bangs that establish the conditions for particle formation within expanding arenas like our observable universe.

From the fifth axiom, the premise that wave energy exists at all points in space, I derive the speculation that there is a process that establishes particles with duration and stability.  I call that process the standing wave process. Standing waves have two components, the inflowing waves from all directions and the out flowing waves in all directions. Though that may sound just like the way I described the background energy, i.e. energy waves converging from all directions, I speculate that it is the synchronization of out flowing waves that differentiates the particle from the background.  Synchronization produces an environment where wave crests have duration because the inflowing waves equal the out flowing waves, much like can be observed on the surface of a pond as waves from various directions produce crests and valleys that seem to stand still.

Synchronization is a process that begins with the converging waves of the background. The point of convergence becomes organized such that there is a tiny disturbed patch of space where energy density equalization begins. Once a particle space exists this equalization process becomes contained in that space and the quantum action that requires energy density equalization becomes established and is sustained by the inflowing and out flowing wave energy.

At that stage newly formed particles are not much more than sustained high energy density spots like those wave crests that seem to stand still or that drift slowly across the surface of a pond.  But particles contained and sustained by spherical waves in the energy background are the starting point for the formation of matter. The inflowing waves are unsynchronized, synchronization takes place in the disturbed space, and synchronized (quantized) waves flow out of the particle’s space equally in all directions, i.e. the synchronized out flow is quantized.

The high density spots are pre-matter and I speculate that they are dark matter that occupies space and stands out from the background but has no electromagnetic characteristics. More on that later…

 

 

4/24/2011, 12:07 PM #25

It probably isn’t an axiom in the scientific sense but in QWC I consider everything to be tentative. Tentativeness is considered to be strength of science and though QWC is far from scientific, tentativeness is the key.  The less tentative the science, the stronger that science is. I make it the sixth axiom. I spout off about axioms and step by step speculations but it is even more appropriate to consider anything I say about QWC to be more “tentative” than any established science.

If I speculate about something I usually don’t have the rigor behind it that would be expected in the scientific community and so it goes without saying that I am ready to invoke this axiom and change my speculations when I learn that I have violated known science, observations, or data. I have done it time after time and have always acknowledged the source of the changes whether it was from some poster who took exception to my bold speculations or from my own research. I always encourage corrections and suggestions about alternative ideas. QWC is the accumulation of years of reading and posting in many forums, paying attention to comments, and making corrections and improvements.

As for ideas, almost every concept that I include has been thought of by someone in the scientific community, maybe not in peer reviewed publications, but what I’m saying is that QWC ideas aren’t my original ideas, they are most often inspired following what the popular media publishes about interviews and developments in the scientific community.

For example here are a few links on the topic of Gravitomagnetism that I am following that tie in with my layman’s discussion of Newton’s bucket that I will be expanding on:

http://da_theoretical1.tripod.com/gravitob.html

http://www.lares-mission.com/curricu..._ciufolini.pdf

http://sciencewatch.com/dr/fmf/2011/.../11janfmfCiuf/

http://encyclopedia2.thefreedictiona...tal+precession

 

 

4/25/2011, 11:04 AM #26

Let’s boldly put this post under the heading of An Introduction to Deriving the Presence of Particles from the QWC Axioms.

In the OP I mentioned the six axioms and in the posts following it I tried to describe why I selected those particular premises. Derivations from those axioms are what I call speculations or derived truths. I derive the nature of matter speculatively from the axioms and on that basis I have a personal view of what causes its presence. My derivations won’t do much to satisfy anyone but me but in a personal cosmology that is an important criterion. I post about QWC because the steps that compose it are numerous and inter-related and posting is an exercise to organize my personal views on cosmology. Cosmology to me includes the both the micro and the macro realms and covers the same territory as quantum mechanics, General Relativity and Big Bang Theory, but in an fashion unrecognizable to those in the “scientific community” :).

The axiom that energy is all there is allows the derived speculation that matter is composed of energy. That is not a very wordy statement and it is not a claim. It is a derived truth in QWC. If the axiom is proven invalid then the speculation is invalid but in the meantime matter being composed of energy is the tentative consensus of those who do QWC, i.e. of mine.

Another speculation can be derived from the “matter is energy” speculation. If particles are matter, and if matter is energy, then particles are composed of energy. That brings us to the question of how particles can be composed of energy and I speculate that energy is carried by waves.

The question comes up, waves of what, and that is where I speculate that energy is a commodity and waves can traverse the energy commodity, so energy waves traversing the energy medium are what particles are composed of. I speculate about the energy commodity being characterized by waves coming and going at all points of space. I speculate about a standing wave process that makes particles stand out from the energy background and will post about it later.

I know (or suspect anyway) that you can’t go there with me, but that is where I go with the step-by-step speculations.

What propagates the waves and how do particles form from waves are questions that are addressed next and in related posts to follow. To go there we move to the axiom about space being infinite and the axiom about wave energy being all there is. From that I derive the speculation that energy waves fill all space. If space is infinite then there is an infinite amount of energy and all points in space have wave energy density.

With all space containing wave energy, and energy waves composing particles, what propagates the waves? And about that I speculate that there are two primary forces; one force is expansion and the other is contraction (collapse), and both are needed to maintain the propagation of waves that traverse the energy medium. I’ll speculate about the nature of those two forces and what causes expansion and contraction in another post.

But first the question comes up, how can both forces work together to perpetuate wave action? And I address that question with speculation that there are limits of wave energy density beyond which contraction cannot go, and when that maximum energy density limit is reached, contraction reverses (bounces) into expansion.

That speculation leads to further speculation that wave energy cannot be created or destroyed and so wave energy can be compressed but compression reaches a limit that cannot be exceeded or maintained and the wave energy bursts out of the compression containment and goes into expansion.

At the macro level I phrase it by saying that expansion is caused by a bounce that occurs when collapse reaches the limit of wave energy density. There can be no infinite wave energy density in QWC because the speculated maximum energy density limit is a derived truth necessary for the perpetuation of the presence of energy waves.  That limit is what keeps the universe in its entirety from collapsing into one final big crunch.

At the micro level I phrase it by saying that there is an internal process within the particle space that converts unsynchronized inflowing wave energy into synchronized out flowing wave energy. I call that quantum action and will post about it later.  You can think of the convergence of wave energy in the particle space to reach a density that cannot be sustained by the energy density of the surrounding environment and so the inflowing wave energy of the multiple converging waves bounces into expansion as a single spherical energy wave emerging equally in all directions from the particle space.

I will also speculate later more about the two levels of order, the micro and the macro, and show how they might be thought of as the same process playing out at two levels that are at opposite ends of the scale of nature that comprises the universe, the micro level and the macro level.  From the QWC perspective only these two levels of order can be meaningful but I do not preclude the ideas of higher or lower levels where similar processes are playing out on hugely different scales of space and time.

But first, a maximum energy density limit begs the question of how wave energy can be compressed. I speculate that particles composed of wave energy are contained by the process of standing waves which I will post more about later. The space that a particle occupies can be reduced by compression and the particle can still function, albeit slower. More and more particles of contained wave energy can be compressed within a given volume of space until the energy density limit is reached. At that limit of energy density the particle can no longer function, the particle space can no longer be sustained, and there is a final collapse that generates the bounce that is referred to as a Big Bang. The time and space effects associated with the slowing and stopping of the functioning of particles will be posted about later.

That brings up the question of how a particle can contain wave energy and be compressed without losing its particle nature, i.e. its stability as an individual particle. I address that question with the speculation that there is a process going on in the particle space that is not interrupted until the maximum wave energy density caused by compression is reached and the particle ceases to function along with the collapse. That process is called energy density equalization and at the micro level it is part of the process of quantum action and the standing wave process.

I’ll pause here for no good reason other than to avoid too long a post.

 

 

4/25/2011, 06:32 PM #27

Let’s put this post under the heading of Deriving the Standing Wave Process from the Axioms Given the Speculation Presented in The Introduction to Deriving the Presence of Particles from the Axioms, or just, The Standing Wave Process, for short .

The following is a cut and paste of the group of statements that I have made about standing waves so far in this thread:

“It is the scientific consensus that electromagnetic radiation consisting of waves across the entire electromagnetic spectrum is produced by oscillating dipoles consisting of charged atomic particles. It is derived truth that since particles themselves are speculated to be composed of waves of energy then there are two levels of order involved in electromagnetic radiation. One is the spectrum of wave energy that produces the presence of matter consisting of particles, and the other is the electromagnetic spectrum of wave energy produced by the oscillation of charged particles within atoms and molecules. Since both forms of wave energy traverse the energy commodity that fills all space, the frequency of those waves is the key to their perpetuation. Standing waves that produce matter are higher frequency than electromagnetic waves that are produced by matter.”

 

“Standing waves have two components, the inflowing waves from all directions and the out flowing waves in all directions.”

“If you did a thought experiment with a bucket of water spinning in otherwise empty space, i.e. you cut off the inflowing energy wave component of the standing waves, you wouldn’t have to worry about if the water would creep up the side of the bucket. The bucket and the water would immediately be disbursed at the speed of light into the surrounding empty space in the form of out flowing energy waves in all directions.”

“Also, there is the difference between frame-dragging in General Relativity and the imbalance in the inflowing component of the standing waves in QWC. I think that in GR the water feels the frame dragging caused by the geometry of spacetime and in QWC the water creeps in an attempt to move toward the direction of the net imbalance in the inflowing wave density given the competing forces involved.”

 

“As long as the dual wave flow is maintained, there is almost no difference in the effect caused by QWC gravity vs. the geometry of spacetime.”

“I derive the speculation that there is a process that establishes particles with duration and stability.  I call that process the standing wave process. Standing waves have two components, the inflowing waves from all directions and the out flowing waves in all directions. Though that may sound just like the way I described the background energy, i.e. energy waves converging from all directions, I speculate that it is the synchronization of out flowing waves that differentiates the particle from the background.  Synchronization produces an environment where wave crests have duration because the inflowing waves equal the out flowing waves, much like can be observed on the surface of a pond as waves from various directions produce crests and valleys that seem to stand still.”

“Synchronization is a process that begins with the converging waves of the background. The point of convergence becomes organized such that there is a tiny disturbed patch of space where energy density equalization begins. Once a particle space exists this equalization process becomes contained in that space and the quantum action that includes energy density equalization becomes established and is sustained by the inflowing and out flowing wave energy.”

“At that stage newly formed particles are not much more than sustained high energy density spots like those wave crests that seem to stand still or that drift slowly across the surface of a pond.  But particles contained and sustained by spherical waves in the energy background are the starting point for the formation of matter. The inflowing waves are unsynchronized, synchronization takes place in the disturbed space, and synchronized (quantized) waves flow out of the particle’s space equally in all directions, i.e. the synchronized out flow is quantized.”

 

“The high density spots are pre-matter and I speculate that they are dark matter that occupies space and stands out from the background but has no electromagnetic characteristics.”

 

That concludes the list of previously mentioned statements and brings me to the point of listing the concepts associated with the standing wave process. That list includes 1) high frequency waves relative to the frequency of electromagnetic radiation, 2) synchronization and quantization, 3) energy density equalization, 4) quantum action, and 5) high density spots. I’ll take them one at a time:

1) High frequency waves relative to the frequency of electromagnetic radiation (EM):

EM is quantized in the sense that each frequency of EM wave carries a precise amount of energy. In black body radiation the peak frequency follows a curve and as the temperature of the black body increases the amount of EM increases at each frequency and the curve changes. The slope of the curve falls off as the temperature increases because the amount of energy need for each consecutive peak level increases relative to the incremental energy applied to the black body. Each energy increment added into the black body results in a smaller change in the peak frequency and a sharper fall in the curve. That effect theoretically leads to a point where you can’t raise the peak level another notch because in a finite system there just isn’t enough energy available because the energy requirement approaches infinity.

But the wave energy that composes the particles that the black body is composed of are not composed of EM, they are composed of synchronized wave energy within the background energy.  Though there is a theoretical limit to the peak frequency at which EM can be propagated from a particular black body, that fact does not interfere with the QWC speculation that higher frequencies of wave energy are involved with establishing the presence of matter, i.e. the inflowing and out flowing wave energy components of the standing wave process that establishes the presence of the particles that make up the black body.

I don't think that the speculation that particles are composed of higher frequency waves than EM can generate is considered by the scientific community but maybe so. Oscillating dipoles vibrate at frequencies and those frequencies are transmitted to the EM that is emitted. That EM can be detected. There is no way I know of to detect the high frequency waves of particle inflows and out flows and perhaps that is because they are “dark”, i.e. not EM. But if a dipole is made of particles that are made of high frequency energy waves or matter waves, the frequency of those matter waves must be able to accommodate the highest frequency EM. For the particles in the dipole to have motion and vibrate at the frequencies of the detectible EM, the matter must be composed of much high frequency waves. That follows from the speculation that every particle motion requires a new set of inflowing and out flowing energy waves. A “set of waves” in this case is the wave energy within the particle space of each particle in the dipole atom or molecule and the wave energy is moving through the high density particle space “medium” at the speed of light.  I speculate that the high energy density particle space “medium” significantly slows light relative to light passing through less dense environments or through the relative vacuum of space.

I can’t propose a test to detect the presence of these high frequency matter waves and I don’t present it as theory. It is derived speculation in QWC.

 

 

4/26/2011, 03:46 PM #28

QWC is a layman’s accumulation of all the popular alternatives to address what people consider when they are asked if they think there was a “before” the Big Bang. I have reviewed the popular media for years and have been keeping a running update going of a view that fits with what we know for sure and incorporates many of the best ideas of the alternative cosmologies. Everyone who wants to be somewhat up to date should view the six episodes here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_bGx3UB-Slg.

QWC is based on the best alternative cosmologies out there and to those who see QWC as overly speculative I reply that it is not so far out if you know what the popular cosmological alternatives are saying.

There is goal to this thread and that is to lay out the speculations that make up to my own view of cosmology. Let me state my favorite scenario briefly to break the boredom for me and for anyone who might come across this  and then I’ll go on with the speculations sequentially (you’ve been warned, lol).

My cosmological scenario refers to our known universe as an arena within a greater universe. Our arena can be described as the energy content of the Hubble volume of space plus what must lie beyond our Hubble view but is still considered part of what was caused by the Big Bang event. On that basis I think I’ll call our arena the Extended Hubble Volume of Space (EHVS pronounced E-vis). The arena concept fits with several of the scientific alternatives to the Big Bang mentioned in the BBC Horizon 2010 series that I linked to above.

It is in line with or compatible in large degree with Kaku’s view of a preexisting state, ideas of Smolin, Penrose, Linde, and Mersini-Houghton.

Dr Laura Mersini-Houghton, University of North Carolina, is using String Theory mathematics to define a cosmology that addresses observations like the void in the CMBR, unexplained motion or Dark Flow, and odd temperatures to predict the presence of neighboring universes. Those neighbors would be neighboring arenas in QWC.  [Edit: a link on the void and one on dark flow  http://www.dailygalaxy.com/my_weblog/2009/12/is-the-massive-cold-spot-a-sign.html, http://www.medical-answers.org/hd/index.php?t=Laura+Mersini, “In 2007, Mersini-Houghton claimed that the observed CMB cold spot was "the unmistakable imprint of another universe beyond the edge of our own", just as she and her collaborator had predicted in her theory 8 months earlier.”]

In my version, neighboring arenas expand until they intersect and overlap. In the overlap space gravity causes collapse of the captured galactic material to form a big crunch, and some new physics which I speculate about in detail and that is part of several if the popular alternative views cause the big crunches to burst into expansion. This is not a crank scenario unless you stick with the view that there was no “before or beyond” the Big Bang. If you do, you used to be in the majority but now most reputable researches are considering the “before” and QWC is just a compilation of ideas I pick up by following the popular media.

 

04-27-11, 12:28 PM #33

Picking up where I left off in the derived speculations …

I was talking about how standing waves come about: 1) high frequency waves relative to the frequency of electromagnetic radiation (EM), 2) synchronization and quantization, 3) energy density equalization, 4) quantum action, and 5) sustained high density spots.

I covered 1) above so:

2) Synchronization and quantization:

If as speculated, we have an energy background of wave energy coming and going in all directions at any point in space, and if it can be speculated that waves flow through each other in such a way that at any point in space they are converging from all directions, then we can imagine the backdrop for the establishment of standing wave particles that are characterized by synchronized and quantized out flowing waves from unsynchronized inflowing waves.

3) Energy density equalization:

I speculated from that then, if at the point of convergence the wave energy is cumulative then there are high wave energy density spots throughout the energy background that are sustained by the inflowing and out flowing wave energy.

However there is nothing yet remarkable about any given point in such a consistent converging wave background that would initially establish the presence of high density spots. In a given space the high density spots have to stand out from the background before they can be sustained by the converging background wave energy. They need to be established first before you can sustain them with inflowing wave energy.

 

There are speculations in QWC that set up the circumstances where high density spots are created from the forces of expansion and contraction. That occurs across the landscape of the greater universe via arena action, the process that causes crunches and Big Bangs across the arena landscape.

Earlier I posted this: “Synchronization is a process that begins with the converging waves of the background. The point of convergence becomes organized such that there is a tiny disturbed patch of space where energy density equalization begins. Once a particle space exists this equalization process becomes contained in that space and the quantum action that includes energy density equalization becomes established and is sustained by the inflowing and out flowing wave energy.”

The definition of an energy density environment in QWC is that any volume of space that contains energy can function as an environment as long as the energy in that environment can be equalized across the environment. The density of a gas equalizes in its container, the density of a liquid free of gravity equalizes in spherical drops, etc.  The density of wave energy in an energy environment trends toward equalization. Particles will equalize their density across the environment, and if the energy environment is within a particle space, a tiny place, the wave energy converging in that space trends toward equalization too, meaning that the converging peaks of wave energy occupy the same space, an energy density environment, and the wave energy in that space is equal to the sum of all the wave peaks that are converging there.

Wave identity and direction is lost in the disturbed space and the energy in that space is equalized to represent one single high density spot for one short instant. That high density wave energy bursts out of the spot spherically as if it was a pin hole in space, i.e. spherically and synchronized equally in all directions even if the inflow is unsynchronized. Energy density equalization has occurred within the particle space and is disbursed equally in all directions by the emerging spherical quantum wave of energy.

To achieve the initial high density spot requires is a special initial convergence that sets up the spot to begin with. We need that initial spot because we don’t yet have the circumstances of repeated rogue waves in the same space very often. We need a circumstance like a Big Bang to produce a sea of initial high density spots that can be sustained by the inflowing and out flowing energy wave pattern that surrounds them.

When Big Bang expansion begins in an arena the situation exists where we can have a sea of high density spots that can be self sustained by the standing wave process. Once the initial standing waves are established, particles and then particle charges can be established in the form of oscillating dipoles to produce light energy. In other words, we need to speculate about a way to reverse the entropy that occurs as preceding big bangs play out.

That is where the recurring big bang type events play a role by initiating quantum action to establish the presence of matter in newly expanding arenas from the energy conserved from the previous arenas; a subject that I will elaborate on speculatively in following posts.

… To be continued …

 

4/29/2011, 10:30 AM #34

 

4) Quantum action:

A Big Bang in QWC has preconditions which I have been speculating about. Those speculations include that big crunches form from the convergence of neighboring expanding arenas as gravity acting on the galactic material that converges in the overlap space causes it to collapse into what I call an ultimate black hole (UBH) or big crunch. Some speculated physics that I have described elsewhere and here later is in effect and applies to the circumstances within a UBH that leads to the Big Bang type event. The collapse of the big crunch reverses into expansion of the big bang, setting up the circumstances for the initial formation of a sea of high density spots (dark matter) within the expanding new big bang arena. This is what I speculate occurred in our extended Hubble volume of space (EHVS) 14 billion years ago.

The energy that emerges from the big burst is high frequency wave energy that was formed from all types of matter and energy that entered and was compressed by the UBH. It is converted to high frequency dark energy that bursts free from the containment of the big crunch. The emerging dark energy bursting into expansion immediately encounters the background energy in the space surrounding the big burst. That surrounding space contains radiation (light energy) that is characteristic of all inter-arena space in the landscape of the greater universe, universal cosmic microwave background energy (UCMBE) that exists from a potentially infinite history of active arenas across infinite space and time. The UCMBE is low frequency light waves (low energy density, low temperature) that are blue shifted to a halt as they are caught up in the extreme high frequency waves (high energy density) of the greater expanding arena wave to produce the initial momentary high density spots of the new arena.

Quantum action is initiated simultaneously with the high density wave convergences (HD spots). Each new spot forms and bursts into synchronized out flowing waves that disburse equally in all directions from the initial point of convergence in space. The out flow from the initial spot is a spherical wave energy that expands equally in all directions. This directionally equal wave energy out flow is the first product of quantum action.

The blue shifting convergences produce the high energy density spots that have location and dimension, i.e. they exist momentarily as disturbed patches of space. During that instant, energy density equalization occurs that converts the unsynchronized inflowing wave energy to out flowing wave energy in the form of a spherical wave that expands equally in all directions from the HD spot. Those spherical waves initiate a sea of similar high density energy wave intersections that overlap, form new high density spots and burst into spherical out flowing waves, forming and reforming from the spherical out flowing wave energy. This is the dark energy/dark matter environment of the very earliest moments of the arena and in which particle formation begins to take place; QWC nucleosynthesis.

The high density spot acts as a tiny hole that forces waves that pass through it to become spherical, and the hole, also referred to as a disturbed patch of space at the center of the particle has the same effect on all incoming waves. The result is that the out flowing boundary of the particle space becomes spherical in all directions as incoming waves from all directions pass through it.

For example, in geometric optics a wave encountering a hole tinier than its wave length emerges from the whole as a spherical wave on the other side of the barrier. Please refer to figure 35.4 b in Chapter 35, The Nature of Light and the Laws of Geometric Optics, in Physics for Scientists and Engineers, Fifth Edition, by Serway and Beichner. I couldn’t find the exact graphic on the web but if I do I will post it later or just draw it using MS Paint.

5) Sustained high density spots:

The process of standing waves that I have derived speculatively sustains the presence of dark matter, and from the dark matter sea charged particles and oscillating dipoles evolve which produce electromagnetic radiation that lights up and heats up the arena after the big bang.

It is a complex set of speculations derived from the axioms of QWC that brings us to the point in the early universe when standing waves maintain the presence of hydrogen that forms across the entire expanding dark matter filled arena. Latter I pick up here and discuss speculation about the formation of a first round of huge fast burning hydrogen stars that precedes the formation of the galaxies and galaxy groups that we now observe.

But first it seems appropriate to discuss the QWC gravity speculations derived from observations of motion and speculations about the role that quantum action and standing waves play to cause that motion and to establish the presence of gravity simultaneously. You’ll hate it, lol.

 

5/2/2011, 09:52 AM #35

I’ve gone through a complex series of axioms and derived speculations to describe the standing wave process of QWC. That path has taken me through some strange and distant neighborhoods in the micro to the macro and back to the micro realms.

In a nutshell, the Perfect Cosmological Principle applies and says that on a grand scale the universe is homogeneous and isotropic in space and time. Arena action and quantum action collaborate throughout the potentially infinite universe to maintain the presence of fluctuating energy density. Energy waves coming and going at all points in space provide the energy background from which matter stands out, and the presence of matter is established when those waves become synchronized and quantized.

High density spots called dark matter that form during the early arena expansion period have momentum imparted to them as they form. Without gravity the expansion momentum of the dark matter sea would expand without pausing to clump and form particles. That expansion momentum is the first cause of motion.

When quantum action occurs the presence of particles of matter has been established and gravity takes effect to provide the second cause of particle motion. Expansion momentum and gravity represent the two major forces present during early arena expansion, I speculate.

Gravity is an imbalance in the inflowing wave component of the standing wave pattern that has established the presence of mass. The imbalance causes the location of the high density spot that is being maintained by the standing wave pattern to reorient itself in the direction of the net highest energy density wave inflow surrounding it.

Gravity allows clumping at short distances while expansion momentum resists clumping as the distance increases. A more detailed set of speculations will follow but take the time to contemplate the axioms and derived speculations that bring QWC to the point where dark energy and dark matter exist before charged particles and electromagnetic radiation are produced in the new arena.

 

5/17/2011, 08:31 AM #38

Here is more detailed speculation on the speculations in the last content post which included the statement, “Gravity is an imbalance in the inflowing wave component of the standing wave pattern that has established the presence of mass”.

 

One might ask what I mean by an imbalance in the inflowing wave component. The answer starts from speculation of standing waves that establish and maintain the presence of matter via two wave energy components, inflowing wave energy and out flowing wave energy. The inflowing wave energy is coming from the out flowing energy of matter that is or was present elsewhere. The out flowing waves from elsewhere traverse the wave energy space between objects of matter in a manner similar to how waves flow across and through other waves on the surface of a pond except we are talking spherical waves in a sea of spherical wave energy where waves are generated from different sources and are of different frequencies.

With that explanation of the source of the inflowing wave energy, to answer the question of what I mean by “imbalance” I invoke relative motion and the effect motion has on wave frequency that arrives to a standing wave particle from elsewhere. The imbalance is an imbalance in the frequency of the inflowing wave energy because matter is in motion relative to all other matter and that motion affects the frequency that is felt by the matter that is being maintained by the inflowing wave components from elsewhere.

That statement might raise the question as to the source of the relative motion in the first place. To answer that I remind the reader that we are speculating about events that are taking place within a given arena that is expanding due to dark energy speculated upon earlier in the thread. That arena is almost immediately filled with dark matter produced by high energy waves in the early moments after a big bang type of event when they encounter the surrounding background wave energy that I call the Universal Cosmic Microwave Background Energy (UCMBE). Those encounters are the speculated source of the initial high density spots that originate in any new arena. During the brief moment of their existence these initial high density wave convergences or spots have location and momentum imparted to them as they form. The expansion energy for the big bang event is transferred to expansion momentum of the high density spots during their brief moment of convergence and so they can be said to be moving away from each other during the moment of their initial existence. That expansion momentum is the source of the initial motion of stable particles that form within the new arena.

You must always keep that perspective because without it there is a tendency to wonder why, if gravity exists in the fashion I describe, the entire universe doesn’t collapse into one final and eternal big crunch. It is the arena process with its energy density limit (contraction effect) and the bounce (expansion effect) following the wave energy density collapse that prevents it and maintains the arena landscape of the greater universe. Being within any give arena is a circumstance that has to do with the arena composition of the greater universe and the arena process where arenas form and mature and overlap to give rise to new expanding arenas composed of the remnants of the old ones in the space where those mature expanding arenas overlapped.

In the last post I went on to say, “The imbalance causes the location of the high density spot that is being maintained by the standing wave pattern to reorient itself in the direction of the net highest energy density wave inflow surrounding it.”

 

Remembering the arena process that maintains the arena composition of the greater universe is useful here. At the micro level it is the process of quantum action that maintains the presence of matter just like at the macro level it is the arena process that allows for the required environment for quantum action to take place. The processes of arena action and quantum action are strikingly similar in their mechanics though the details of collapse, bang, and the resulting expansion are easier to envision at the macro level. And even if you now acknowledge the existence of high density spots where inflowing energy waves converge from different directions, and even if you acknowledge the imbalance in inflowing wave frequency, you might not yet equate what happens in the space where such a convergence takes place with what I just referred to as a “reorientation that has a directional component”.

The reorientation is the result of energy density equalization that takes place in the high density spot at the “moment” presented each time waves converge. If the convergence is a passing event (as it is with dark matter) like waves passing through each other without achieving the standing wave characteristic then the high density moment is too short to allow meaningful reorientation and there is almost no reorientation and almost no gravity felt in the “moment”. Only when the high density spot is maintained by the synchronization of the two wave components, inflowing and out flowing wave energy, is there enough duration in the high density “moment” for meaningful reorientation to occur.

The duration of the high density effect is perpetuated by the standing wave process. Once the high density spot is maintained for some extended duration by synchronized inflowing and out flowing wave energy components the reorientation has sufficient time to occur.

… To be continued … with some more detailed speculation about the “reorientation” and how it is important to the gravitational effect of standing wave particles.

 

5/18/2011, 08:52 AM #39

Picking up where I left off … “The duration of the high density effect is perpetuated by the standing wave process. Once the high density spot is maintained for some extended duration by synchronized inflowing and out flowing wave energy components, the reorientation has sufficient time to occur.”

I have speculated that there is a process called energy density equalization. It is a process that occurs within any given energy environment. An energy environment can be very small like the high energy density patch of space at the convergence of spherical energy waves, or very large like an arena or like the overlap space that occurs when two parent arenas intersect and overlap as they expand.

Statements from earlier in the thread about the energy density environment:

“Energy density of an environment in QWC is the energy represented by all of the energy waves in that environment.”

“The definition of an energy density environment in QWC is that any volume of space that contains energy can function as an environment as long as the energy in that environment can be equalized across the environment. The density of a gas equalizes in its container, the density of a liquid free of gravity equalizes in spherical drops, etc.; energy density trends toward equalization in any given energy density environment. Particles will equalize their density across the environment, and if the energy environment is within a particle space, a tiny place, the wave energy converging in that space trends toward equalization too, meaning that the converging peaks of wave energy occupy the same space and the wave energy in that space is equal to the sum of all the wave peaks that are converging there.

“Wave identity and direction is lost in the disturbed space and the energy in that space is equalized to represent one single high density spot for one short instant. That high density wave energy bursts out of the spot spherically as if it was a pin hole in space, i.e. spherically and synchronized equally in all directions even though the inflow is unsynchronized. Energy density equalization has occurred within the particle space and is disbursed equally in all directions by the emerging spherical quantum wave of energy.”

From the above, I continue:

 

Energy density equalization occurring in the high density spot that is being maintained by the two standing wave components produces a durable stable particle. We stated that particles always have relative motion imparted to them by the expansionary environment in which they form and I am speculating that the stable spot moves relative to other particles initially because of that expansion momentum. Equalization affects that motion by adding a contributing factor called momentary reorientation or gravity. Without the reorientation, the motion would be purely relative expansion momentum of the particle imparted to it as it formed among other particles in the early moments of arena expansion.

The gravitational effect is the added contributor and results from the reorientation of the boundary of the particle. The particle boundary is a new concept that I employ to speculatively quantify the change in location of a particle.

The imbalance is resolved internally by that equalization and the out flowing wave is a new spherical wave that bursts out of the high density spot and disburses the out flowing energy equally in all directions, i.e. the out flow is synchronized and quantized relative to the location of the particular high density spot that produces it.

The boundary of the particle is the internal space of the spherical wave at the instant that it emerges as the out flowing wave component. The boundary location of the out flowing spherical wave changes in response to the imbalance of the wave frequency of the inflowing wave component. Motion is toward the vector of the wave energy inflow that points to the net high energy wave frequency surrounding the location of the high density spot. The particle constantly moves toward the source of the highest inflowing wave energy from surrounding out flowing waves arriving from other particles. Thus the particle motion is now speculated to be composed of the initial expansion momentum of the particle and the gravitational effect of quantum action within the particle.

That brings us to my earlier statement: “Gravity allows clumping at short distances while expansion momentum resists clumping as the distance increases.”

That statement represents the derived speculations that define the maturation process that takes place within each arena as particles, particle charges, atoms, molecules, stars and galaxies form within the expanding arena.

 

05-28-11, 11:26 AM, #40

I had some time I used recently by recapping the posts in this thread with some corrections and edits :

https://docs.google.com/document/pub...GypQEd_s_w3txc

And if you zoom in here you will see the Maple Pavilion where I wasted all that time, lol.

http://maps.google.com/maps/ms?hl=en...ad99d16a8eb815

 

05-31-11, 01:35 PM, #41

 

I’ve been following the thread, Relativity and Simultaneity, at SciForums

http://www.sciforums.com/showthread....81#post2762181

The thread was originated by Motor Daddy. It was of particular interest to me because he introduces a new postulate in place of Einstein’s second postulate.

From Wiki on the postulates of Special Relativity:

1. First postulate (principle of relativity)

The laws by which the states of physical systems undergo change are not affected, whether these changes of state be referred to the one or the other of two systems of coordinates in uniform translatory motion.

2. Second postulate (invariance of c)

As measured in any inertial frame of reference, light is always propagated in empty space with a definite velocity c that is independent of the state of motion of the emitting body.

MD introduced the concept of a moving light box to clarify his objection to the second postulate.

He assumes he is in an inertial frame of reference in which a flash of light is propagated at a point and time in absolute space without knowledge of the motion of that frame relative to the point in space and time where the propagation took place.

He assumes that the point of propagation of light occurs at a fixed point in space at a fixed time regardless of the frame of reference.

There is some controversy.  Is there actually a point in space where that light is propagated that would be agreed upon by observers in other frames? MD’s answer is yes, if the frames coincided at the instant the light was propagated, then someone moving relative to the rest frame that hosted the point of propagation would see the light propagated at the same point in space and time.

According to the SR postulate that light propagates at c in all frames, we would all agree that the speed of the light observed from all frames as it is emitted propagates at c in all frames. I used “in all frames” three times in the sentence on purpose. The first “in all frames” is part of the postulate. The second “in all frames” is that the light was physically observed to be emitted as an event in all frames that coincided at the point and time of propagation in space. The third “in all frames” was that the light propagated at c in each inertial frame regardless of the relative motion of that frame to the point of emission.

The problem quickly comes to light. If the observers are correct, i.e. that the light was propagated at the same point in space and time in all frames, and if the SR postulate is correct, i.e. that light travels at c in all inertial frames that are moving relative to each other, then in order for the postulate to be true the speed of light would have to be independent of the point of emission unless the point of emission would be considered moving with the motion of the frame of the observer.

In other words there can be no absolute point in space and time according to the postulates of SR. Any point in space that coincides with multiple moving frames at the instant of an event is assumed to be moving with the frames and not fixed at a point in absolute space and time. All frames moving relative to the point in space and time of the event will effectively take their space and time with them as they move away from the coincident point in space.

MD’s Box lays out an alternative postulate. Light propagates at c from the absolute point in space where it is propagated.

His position is that if the light ray (see below *) that is emitted from that absolute point in space is observed from a frame of reference in motion relative to the fixed point of emission in space and time, the speed of the light would be measured at c + or – the difference in the rate of motion between the observing frame and the absolute point in space and time where the emission occurred.

(* or light sphere which is an in-phase composite of rays across a spherical light wave front expanding in space at c in all directions)

This means that MD’s Box is not in line with the terminology of Special Relativity. There is no absolute space or time in SR and there is in MD’s Box scenario.

However, MD says or at least implies that the fixed point in space and time is not an inertial frame; it is a point in absolute space and in absolute time that coincided with an inertial frame at the point in space and time of the light flash.

I come forward to agree that a light ray or expanding sphere of light has a physical presence in space and expands at c from the fixed point of emission in absolute space and time. We have agreed that the light sphere always expands at c relative to the fixed point in space and time, and therefore that point in space and time does not move in empty space or along the time continuum regardless of the motion of the frames that coincided with that point in space at the time of the emission.

My interest in MD’s Relativity of Simultaneity stems from my QWC speculations:

 

1) In QWC there is an arena process where arenas that emerge from Big Bangs have a fixed point in space from which their arena expansion occurs. Expansion of the arena extends out from that point in space presumably at the speed of light. Multiple arenas represent multiple fixed points in space and time.  Can an entire arena have motion relative to other arenas?  It depends on how wave energy is propagated through space.  Special Relativity implies the light sphere can move with the motion of the observer and always appear spherical to all observers.

 

Part of the controversy centers around the use of the word “absolute”.  In current theory there is no absolute point in space because everything is relative.  Some people interpret that to mean that a flash of light will expand spherically in all inertial frames of reference.  That view is quite popular because of Einstein’s Theory of Special Relativity.

 

Read and study it and you find that the math of Lorentz transformations works perfectly to show how variables like length and time will change between frames in order to bring all variables in agreement with a constant, a common denominator based on the invariant speed of light in vacuum.  Using those transformations to adjust between frames, the light sphere remains a sphere in all frames.

 

But common sense says that if light has an invariant speed in the vacuum of space, an object moving at relativistic speeds to a flash of light will see the shape shifted (relativistic Doppler shift) into an oval where the diameter in the direction of motion is smaller than the diameter perpendicular to the motion, hence, length contraction.  Then we realize that if the light sphere is not a sphere, the speed of light playing out as the oval expands cannot be invariant.  Hence, time dilation comes into the picture to say that the shorter distance of light travel in the direction of motion is a time measurement issue and that time passes slower in that direction and so it takes the same amount of time to travel from the point of emission in the direction of motion as it does perpendicular to the motion.

 

These transformations work mathematically but they also introduce the concept of length contraction and time dilation.  The cause of length contraction and time dilation in SR is not acceleration or gravitation, it is simply relative motion.  The cause of time dilation and length contraction in QWC is the tidal effect and the energy density effect.

 

I reject the notion of SR time dilation and length contraction in QWC.  If you say that time dilation has been proven by synchronized clocks or by careful measurements in cases of relative motion, you are correct.  However, in QWC that time dilation would have been due to differences in the energy density of the environment assuming that clocks run slower as the energy density increases.  Acceleration increases the energy density and gravitation increases the energy density, and so far, no time dilation is shown to occur without corresponding differences in energy density.  

 

2) Also, in QWC there is a process of quantum action that establishes the physical presence of particles of matter. Quantum action is characterized by high density spots that are momentarily fixed in space and time, and the standing wave concept of particles advocated by QWC is completely compatible with the concept of fixed high density spots in space and time, whether or not you want to call it absolute space and time.

 

The high density spot marks a point in space and time where a spherical wave of energy is emitted from the spot as part of the process of establishing the presence of matter.  It takes billions of these high density spots to represent the presence of a single fundamental particle like an electron or a quark.  If you could see closely from the QWC perspective into the fundamental particles of the Standard Particle Model, you would see a grand fireworks display, not literally because it is not light waves, but the spots would be forming and bursting in an awesome array where ever the particle presence exits.  The particle will be moving through space but the high-density spot will form at a point in space, burst, and emit a spherically expanding energy wave that is expanding equally at the speed of light in all directions.  As the particle moves, its hoard of high density spots seems to move with it but really the spots form and burst so quickly that the motion of the particle is not jerky but smooth.  As the spots re-form they do so in a slightly different location in space based on the motion of the particle because the particle has the stability afforded to it by its status as an energy environment and the spots represent contained energy, i.e. a particle is an individual energy environment within which the energy density equalizes itself relative to the surrounding environment.  The process of high density spot formation and burst is part of the process of energy density equalization within the particle.

 

3) In QWC gravity is caused by an imbalance between inflowing and out flowing wave energy associated with quantum action that establishes the presence of mass. The notion of fixed points of emission of out flowing gravity waves is completely compatible with the concept of points fixed in space and time as it is described relative to QWC Big Bang centers of gravity and particle high density spot locations in space during quantum action.

 

06-07-11, 10:35 PM, #42

I entertained myself by defining a new cult based on that important precept.

The Cult of Tentativeness

I declare the existence of a cult consisting of science professionals and laymen alike who adhere to the precept of tentativeness of science. In that cult are those who do not consider “non-falsification” of widely held consensus theories to be proof of those theories. That is a double negative but I think you can get the drift; non-falsification is not the same as proof of a theory. If you can agree with that you may be a cult member in the Cult of Tentativeness.

The cult applies to any widely held theory. You have to declare yourself a non-cult member in order to be excluded from the cult. You can do that in several ways. You can deny being a cult member or simply insist that non-falsification of SR (insert any consensus theory) is proof of SR (any consensus theory). That releases you from the cult and gives you non-cult status meaning you don’t accept the tentativeness of said Theory.

You can also declare yourself a non-cult member by proclaiming that only cranks and crackpots say the particular theory ________ (insert any consensus theory) is theory and not fact. That releases you from the cult.

Also, you can exclude yourself from the cult by flaming declared cult members for not accepting non-cult member status through denial of the precept of tentativeness or through acceptance of non-falsification of ________ (insert any particular consensus theory) as proof that said theory is reality.

Strangely enough that puts some reputable science professionals in the same group as professed cult members in the eyes of declared non-cult members because some science professionals acknowledge that one of the strengths of science is tentativeness, i.e. all science is subject to change and new facts are always possible that can lead to falsification of a previously held consensus. Science professionals who hold to tentativeness are undeclared cult members and do not have non-cult status until they declare non-cult status.

Many cult members, declared or undeclared, believe that all consensus theory is derived from the postulates, is or at least may be mathematically sound based on the postulates, and has not been falsified, but that it is not yet truth because of the precept of tentativeness in science (or because they believe that the postulates themselves do not precisely correspond with reality).

 

There is a time factor in the minds of many and if a theory has stood up under testing form a lengthy period of time, its tentativeness begins to evaporate.  Many theories will hold up until we have the ability to look deeper into particles and deeper into space, so no tentativeness evaporates with time, they either become falsified or superseded.

I am a cult member because I believe in the tentativeness of science.

Man up and declare your cult status, lol.

06-08-11, 01:28 PM, #45

I like the Cult of Tentativeness idea because as I define it, it recognizes known science and theory, it acknowledges that known theory has limits and incompatibilities, and it allows speculation done responsibly that goes beyond those limits and addresses the incompatibilities. Valid speculation must have an acceptable connection back to science done according to the scientific method. “An acceptable connection” means that all speculation must fall under the rules of reasonable and responsible speculation.

Reasonable and responsible speculation means starting with existing science, identifying axioms to address the unknowns and imponderables of infinity, and deriving the step by step, bottom up speculations from those axioms, without violating known observations and data.

Don’t get me wrong, my speculations depart from science and the scientific method and as such are not science and I don’t defend them as science or reality, but I now defend them as reasonable and responsible speculations allowed under the umbrella of the Cult of Tentativeness as I define the cult. It is easy to see that QWC, done under those guidelines, is not going to be of much interest to anyone unless they just like to contemplate ideas that are presented in a fashion that claims to be consistent with the above methods.

Since by definition QWC is of interest primarily to myself I’m changing my policy of open input from all members and am now invoking the requirement that only contributions from members of The Cult of Tentativeness will be considered for incorporation into QWC .

This will have no immediate impact on QWC because there is no input coming in, but I have been cavorting around in other SciForums forums and threads and might begin to attract some non-cult members and otherwise undesirable characters, and I just want to say, why bother with them unless they are cult members.

 

06-09-11, 03:11 PM, #48

Non-cult members have not come to grips with the possibility that the Big Bang might have been caused by physics that is non-Lorentz compatible, or the possibility that particles have internal wave energy composition that is not Lorentz compatible, and therefore the presence of matter, gravity and big bangs is not Lorentz dependent.

 

The cause of big bangs and the cause of the presence of particles create an environment where Lorentz transformations can be mathematically applied, such as within our expanding arena and outside of particle composition.  Both the formation and expansion of an arena and the wave energy composition and quantum action that establishes the presence of mass and gravity are not Lorentz compatible in QWC because they both feature spherical expansion in space that would not be viewed as spherical from moving reference frames.  The expanding energy waves of big bangs and high density spots within particles will be viewed as ovals in frames moving relative to the spherical wave emission, a point in space that does not move.

 

SR can’t live with that.  In QWC, motion causes the oval view in the same way that the view would look if Lorentz transformations were considered purely mathematical adjustments of the length and time variables, i.e. the moving observer who could see the whole sphere would see it as an oval and would have to do math to figure out what he would be seeing if he was at rest relative to the point of emission of the sphere.  But that is not what SR implies.  SR implies the every observer will see the sphere and not the oval.  In SR, if you apply QWC logic, the oval is what the observer at rest concludes would be seen by moving observers but all observes in SR can consider themselves are rest within their frame and so must see the sphere and not the oval.

 

 

06-10-11, 08:20 AM, #49

I have re-written my 100 word description of the Philosophy of Quantum Wave Cosmology:

The natural universe is infinite and eternal, composed of wave energy which, through synchronization, establishes the presence of mass and gravity sustained by opposing forces of expansion and collapse, perpetually refreshing energy’s usefulness across the landscape of the greater universe where expanding arenas disburse and merge and within which life is generated and evolves, forever assuring the presence of intelligent contemplative individuals who consider that God and the universe may be one in the same and who find that humility, self respect, charity, and faith in nature are cornerstones of life in which meaning and purpose are found from within.

 

 

06-13-11, 11:07 AM, #58

 The common ground post:

If, with no known cause, the Big Bang, the presence of mass, and the presence of gravity have not been defined algorithmically, and if anything that seems to be non-algorithmic has natural causes that we just don’t yet understand, then we can say that the Big Bang, the presence of mass, and the presence of gravity have natural causes which places the supernatural into a context of being part of as yet undefined nature and that nature is algorithmic, i.e. repeatable and dependable.

I personally characterize unexplained observations and data like the presence of mass, gravity and our Big Bang as acknowledgements from the boundary between science and the unknown but maintain that the unknown has natural algorithmic causes. An acknowledgement is something that we can observe and can take as confirmation of an algorithmic aspect of nature without understanding the algorithm, i.e. an unexplained observation or event. The philosophy then is that those acknowledgements from the unknown are simply part of the algorithmic repeatable and dependable natural and eternal universe.

That is the QWC common ground with religion, i.e. we can view God and nature as one in the same. Anything that we acknowledge as an act of God like answered prayers, miracles, or the Big Bang, have natural causes that we don’t yet understand, but that we believe are repeatable and dependable. That is faith in nature.

We long ago realized that new thinking is the key to breaking down the barriers of theoretical incompatibility that block a wider understanding of nature. This applies to the incompatibility within science and the incompatibility between science and religion.

Though all science is tentative, the QWC universe itself, with all its arenas, hospitable environments, and free willed life forms that come and go across its infinite and eternal landscape, is as it should be and could be no other way because anything defined by natural laws that have always existed never had an opportunity to be governed by different laws. Again QWC and religion can find common ground in infinity and eternity.

Those concepts, combined with the QWC axioms and their derived “truths” make up the cosmology and the philosophy of QWC. I happily proceed with my own particular type of delusion as I sometimes say to appease the non-cult members.

******** End of Common Ground post ********

06-15-11, 12:53 PM, #59

 

Combining posts #59 and #60

 

From Cosmology to Philosophy and Back

After going through the process here at SciForums of revisiting QWC, presenting the axioms and derived speculations, rewriting the philosophy of QWC, and presenting the “Common Ground” post, I now bounce off of the self-imposed limit to word density and expand the 100 word philosophy into a new list of 21 axioms and major derived “truths” that correspond to the speculative cosmology of QWC:

These are the 21 numbered axioms and derived speculations for future reference.

1. The universe is infinite and eternal

2. Energy is all there is and cannot be created or destroyed

3. Anything that appears non-algorithmic has natural causes that are algorithmic

4. The two major forces are expansion and collapse

5. Both major forces are expressed as wave energy

6. Matter is caused by synchronized inflowing and out flowing wave energy

7. Synchronized wave energy forms particles that contain energy

8. Out flowing wave energy is spherical and equal in all directions

9. Gravity is caused by a net directional imbalance in inflowing wave energy

10. Relative momentum causes a net directional imbalance in inflowing wave energy

11. Expansion momentum is imparted to matter as it forms in an expanding energy arena

12. Expanding arenas intersect and overlap across the landscape of the greater universe

13. Gravitational collapse of matter in arena overlaps reaches maximum energy density limits

14. Collapse bounces into expansion at the point of maximum energy density

15. Matter is negated by gravitational collapse and reforms during arena expansion

16. Our extended Hubble volume arena is an expanding environment where matter reformed

17. Life is generative and evolves to intelligent free willed life forms in expanding arenas

18. Intelligent life contemplates the nature of universe

19. An intelligent conclusion is that God and the universe are one in the same

20. An infinite and eternal universe is as it should be and could be no other way

21. Science is our tentative knowledge of the nature of the universe

Numbers 12, 13, 14, and 15 imply the formation of big crunches, the collapse of those crunches that forces matter and energy to the maximum possible energy density, and off of that maximum density there is a bounce which reverses the collapse into expansion. The expansion occurs after the existing matter in the crunch is negated to the wave energy that was contained in the particles of matter. It is the wave energy released from the containment of matter that provides the energy for the bounce. This type of QWC event refreshes the usefulness of the energy in the matter that entered the crunch and thus the energy is conserved and entropy is defeated.

Our Big Bang was such an event, and the landscape of the greater universe is composed of such events. That infinite and eternal landscape is characterized by arenas forming after bounces and then overlapping and crunching and bouncing. Each new arena contains energy contributed by multiple previous arenas whose galaxies and EM were captured in the overlap space.

… To be continued …

 

06-17-11, 11:44 AM, #61

 

To be added to QWC 2011 at SciForums from previous threads, modified and updated:

Discussion of arena time frames (reasonable and responsible speculation about quantification of time frames leading to the start of a new arena and through the maturation of that arena)

The Arena Clock and Time Frame of Preconditions

The following quote from Laure Mersini-Houghton (LMH) seems appropriate to introduce the concept of multiple arenas and their formation from events that occur on an on-going basis across the landscape of the greater universe:

http://arxiv.org/abs/0909.2330

Scientists continue to wrestle with the enigma of time. Is time a dynamic or a fundamental property of spacetime? Why does it have an arrow pointing from past to future? Why are physical laws time-symmetric in a universe with broken time-reversal symmetry? These questions remain a mystery. The hope has been that an understanding of the selection of the initial state for our universe would solve such puzzles, especially that of time's arrow.

In this article, I discuss how the birth of the universe from the multiverse helps to unravel the nature of time and the reasons behind the time-reversal symmetry of our physical laws. I make the distinction between a local emerging arrow of time in the nucleating universe and the fundamental time with no arrow in the multiverse. The very event of nucleation of the universe from the multiverse breaks time-reversal symmetry, inducing a locally emergent arrow. But, the laws of physics imprinted on this bubble are not processed at birth. Time-reversal symmetry of laws in our universe is inherited from its birth in the multiverse, since these laws originate from the arrowless multiversal time.

LMH is an Assoc. Professor of Cosmology, Particle Astrophysics, String Cosmology, High Energy Physics, in the Department of Physics and Astronomy, at the University of North Carolina, and has interest in Early and Late Times Universe, Dark Energy, Observational Constraints on Theoretical Models in Cosmology, Phenomenological Implications of String Theory, Transplanckian Physics, Extra Dimensional Scenarios and Brane-Worlds in Cosmological Issues. I have adopted her as my personal physicist.

I became aware of her work by viewing the six episodes of, “What Happened before the Big Bang”, the BBC Horizon 2010 series on YouTube.

Of course in a multiple Big Bang universe like QWC, each new arena has preconditions. If events occurring at any given point in space were tracked back, an infinite length of time would have passed as endless events played out at that point in space. So if we could start a clock at the beginning of an arena and at a location in space that marks the center of gravity of the big crunch from which the arena emerges, we could quantify arena time for a particular arena originating at that point and expanding out from that point in space. For this discussion that point is fixed in QWC absolute space.

QWC absolute space is used for convenience in discussing a sequence of related events that occur that have a common origination point in space and in time. Over time, multiple events will happen at that point in space. If star A passes that point and then star B passed that point, from the perspective of QWC absolute space, star A moved into and out of that space followed by star B moving into and out of that space. Did that space itself move relative to other space? In QWC that answer is no, space is infinite and has always existed and space is simply where things happen.  Obviously relative motion occurs and events can occur in different inertial frames, but witnessing an event that occurred in a different frame cannot cause that other frame to move.  This means that an observer passing an arena would see it as an oblate spheroid in the distance instead of as an expanding sphere in his rest frame.

This series of posts is reasonable and responsible speculation about suppositions on what the time frames might be for the development and maturation of a specific arena. If a new arena starts at time zero (t=0) on that arena’s clock, and if we want to put a time frame on events starting with the primary preconditions, then the first major event is the intersection of two or more parent arenas back in time.

Each mature parent arena is like our own expanding observable Hubble volume of space filled with galaxies and galaxy groups all moving away from each other. When the intersection occurs between two parent arenas we can say that it marks a point in time that can be described as the start of the countdown to the formation and burst of a new big crunch. If the burst marks the t=0 point on the new arena’s clock, then the intersection that marks the start of the countdown occurs at t-n Arena Time, where “t” is the t=0 of the new arena, and where “n” is the number of years before t=0 when the intersection of the parent arenas occurs. For talking purposes let’s say that n=-10^12 or a trillion years before t=0.

In advanced QWC we speculate that “n” is dependent on the average spacing of arena “centers of gravity” throughout the greater universe. That would make the spacing dependent on the average energy density of the greater universe and so “n” is a function of the average energy density of the greater universe. Note that each arena has location in QWC absolute space but not relative momentum vs. other arena centers.  The fixed location is established when the arena forms and the arena does not move through space, it expands in preexisting space relative to its initial point of origin.  More on that in advanced QWC for similarly deluded laymen.

I’m using -10^12 years as the average period from the intersection of parent arenas to the burst of the new arena, but of course I am speculating. Some evidence may come along someday; the observation called dark flow could be a candidate for such evidence when better data and proper review takes place.

All arenas have an individual t=0 Arena Time but unremarkably the individual t=0 Arena Time cannot be tracked back to any major common event in the heritage of multiple arenas, i.e. there is no beginning of time to which all motion can be backtracked. Each arena has its own individual heritage and each tracks back to that point in time when its parent arenas intersected. Given that however, there is an expectation of consistency in the arena process and the unknown variable length of time that passes from the intersection until the burst is expected to fall close enough to the average to support that idea of consistency overall.

 To be continued …

For the Google doc

 

Quantum Wave Cosmology 2011

 

This document starts with selected and edited posts from the thread QWC Revisited 2011, posted in the Pseudoscience forum at SciForums where I post as Quantum Wave.  It includes updated axioms and speculations developed at ToeQuest where I post as Bogie, and from other forums over recent years.

 

 

04-18-11, 10:19 AM #1

I am working on developing and evolving my personal view of cosmology and philosophy. I think I’m better able to state the axioms now than I have been before because I know better as I learn what the limits of science are. To me axioms that accompany a view of cosmology are meant to address those issues that science cannot yet address, the imponderables as I call them about the nature of the infinities that deal with the beginning, the boundaries, the limits, thresholds and processes of nature. This is an updated statement of Quantum Wave Cosmology (QWC) starting with axioms that to me personally serve as the self-evident and necessary truths from which QWC speculation is derived.

The limits of science are physical. We can observe the micro universe down to the internal components of the atom and we can manipulate the subatomic particles and gather data about their internal composition. We can observe the macro universe out to the reach of our best instruments like the space telescopes, radio observatories, and ever improving space based instruments.

Those are the frontiers of the science of cosmology.

Within the scientific community there is a peer review process that I think is responsible for presenting science in an orderly fashion to the layman community and I call that function the “peer reviewed consensus” of what we tentatively know for sure. It is the role of this consensus function to take responsibility for the material that is fed to the popular media so that the layman community will respect the scientific method and will not find frequent instances of backtracking in statements issued.

In my limited view and level of understanding of that peer reviewed consensus, we don’t know what causes mass and gravity, we don’t know what caused the Big Bang, we don’t know the age of the universe if there were preconditions to the Big Bang, we don’t know the extent of the universe, and we don’t know how to unify the forces of nature.

In QWC I deal with that lack of science by axioms and derived “truths” which all fall into the category of “reasonable and responsible” speculation. The axioms deal with what we cannot yet know due to the limits of our tools and ability to observe, and the derived truths are nothing more than speculations that I as a layman can go with. The scientific community is stymied in a way because they are limited to the scientific method which shuns unsupported speculation.  There is speculative talk but it is not advanced by peer review and is not offered officially to the layman community.  I find the ability to speculate is the tool that makes QWC better able to run with scenarios and “what ifs” than the legitimate scientific community can.

It is axiomatic in QWC that the universe has always existed; there was no beginning. It didn’t come from nothing, and if God did it we can’t prove it.

It is axiomatic that the universe is boundless.

 

The matter and the energy of the universe are potentially infinite in extent and no matter where you are in the universe it appears homogeneous and isotropic and has appeared essentially the same for eternity on a grand scale. That is referred to as the (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perfect_Cosmological_Principle)Perfect Cosmological Principle in the scientific community. In QWC the grand scale is referred to as the arena landscape of the greater universe with the existence of expanding arenas birthed by Big Bangs considered a necessary derived truth (speculation).

It is axiomatic that time simply passes. It is a derived truth that the observed fact that clocks run at different speeds during relative motion is a function of the relative energy density of the environments. The observed fact is that clocks run slower as they are accelerated and it is a derived truth in QWC that acceleration increases the energy density of the environment and that makes it appear that the rate at which time passes can fluctuate.

The actual rate of time passing does not fluctuate in QWC; time passes at the same rate at all points in space. That gives rise to the derived truth that there is a time continuum and any point in time which is called a “now” could be described as a “freeze frame” across the entire universe. Any motion that occurs between nows, regardless of the length of the time interval between nows, will represent the same duration at all points in the universe. That means that from one now to the next, the time interval is the same at all points in space regardless of relative motion. Therefore it is a derived truth that time dilation is a result of fluctuating energy density caused by acceleration and not due to the geometry of spacetime. In QWC space and time are components of all motion and time dilation is due to relative energy density of the environments where time is being measured to pass at different rates.

It is axiomatic in QWC that the time continuum passes smoothly at the level of reality meaning that the time intervals between nows don’t actually represent iterations of universal motion. The concept of iterations is derived from our inability to measure the time continuum at the level of reality because we are limited to clocks that operate in iterations.

It is axiomatic that energy is all there is. All space contains energy and energy exists as waves traversing space that is filled with the energy commodity. It is a derived truth that the presence of matter is composed of standing waves of energy with inflowing and out flowing components.

From the standing wave concept it is a derived truth that particles transform unsynchronized energy waves coming from surrounding space into synchronized waves exiting the particle equally in all directions. These equalized energy emissions from particles and objects traverse the space between objects and become the unsynchronized inflowing waves of other objects.

It is a derived truth in QWC that motion of objects in gravitational fields is caused by the process of energy density equalization that takes place within particles. The unsynchronized inflowing waves are transformed to synchronized out flowing waves by the process called quantum action that coincides with the establishment and maintenance of mass. The motion is a result of the shift of the presence of the particle toward the strongest net inflowing wave density as the converging unsynchronized inflowing waves are equalized into synchronized out flowing waves.

It is the scientific consensus that electromagnetic radiation consisting of waves across the entire electromagnetic spectrum is produced by oscillating dipoles consisting of charged atomic particles. It is derived truth that since particles themselves are speculated to be composed of waves of energy then there are two levels of order involved in electromagnetic radiation. One is the spectrum of wave energy that produces the presence of matter consisting of particles, and the other is the electromagnetic spectrum of wave energy produced by the oscillation of charged particles within atoms and molecules. Since both forms of wave energy traverse the energy commodity that fills all space, the frequency of those waves is the key to their perpetuation. Standing waves that produce matter are higher frequency than electromagnetic waves that are produced by matter.

In QWC tentativeness is an axiom. For example the observed and calculated expansion of the known universe is the consensus and is considered to be fact, but the scientific meaning of tentativeness is invoked and respected. If it were to be determined that the apparent expansion is actually an illusion, i.e. if new science could explain away the observed expansion then QWC would not need to derive the arena landscape concept and would revert to a steady state concept of the universe. I should point out that the arena landscape of the greater universe is itself a steady state concept on a grand scale that accommodates galactic separation (expansion) within arenas and derives the concept of arena overlaps that cause galaxies to collapse into big crunches which burst (big bangs) and generate new arenas from the debris of the overlapping parent arenas.

Those axioms and speculations derived from them constitute the primary QWC platform. Any observation of nature must be able to be explained by deriving explanations that are consistent with that platform or else the platform must be revised. I have the fun of maintaining the platform and the distinction of being the only person being deluded in quite this way.

 

 

04-19-11, 08:27 AM  #6

I’m a layman, I’m not doing science, and I’m not making any claims. I can see how it could rub science professionals the wrong way when I put a name like Quantum Wave Cosmology to my personal views on cosmology and I call myself Quantum Wave, because as professionals you have put in the rigor to become educated and proficient at what you do and you know that laymen like me haven't.  I’m asking about your views though because it seems to me that the scientific community has given much thought to the imponderables.

Granted, people actively engaged in their particular areas of science have too little professional time. Forum posting is limited free time which many would consider wasted by discussing these airy issues that are beyond science and the outlook for answers is bleak. I guess that puts my topic into the philosophical pseudoscience category, lol.

But it would seem to me that in the Pseudoscience or Speculation forums at reputable science forum sites frequented by professionals there would be people who could find time to converse with a layman about these topics.

Anyone interested in a philosophical pseudoscience discussion about any parts of my opening post and/or the following related speculations?

 

 

4/21/2011, 11:58 PM #15

I started with an axiom about the beginning. It is one of the things that the best science under the scientific method cannot tell us and there is no enthusiasm or confidence that science will ever be able to tell us if there was a beginning or not.

It sounds funny to say it this way but just because we are here doesn't mean that there was a beginning. The option that the universe has always existed is there for those of us who don't see merit in the alternatives that something can come from nothing or that a Creator God will be proved to exit by some irrefutable act or evidence.

In the meantime, in the absence of proof to the contrary and to use the terminology of axioms, I personally find it a necessary truth if not self-evident that the universe has always existed. I start from there.

 

 

4/22/2011, 08:08 AM #17

[Originally Posted by SciWriter

“Stuff having been forever is not possible since the 'elementals' are limited as well as having very specific particulars.”]

 

This thread is speculation. The first axiom addresses the universe as an entity that had no beginning. I don’t assume that all the same stuff or even the same particles have been present forever. Nothing but energy has always existed. Particle particulars are that energy is the component of particles, i.e. particles are composed of energy in quantum increments and are maintained by high frequency inflowing and out flowing standing energy waves.

 

[Originally Posted by SciWriter

“If forever, what would have been responsible for their definition? Or if just reduced to energy, which is still a real substance, then what and why of its amount and location and properties, too?”]

 

Yes, I am speculating that all is reduced to the energy commodity, the only commodity in the universe.

Energy as a real substance alone is not physical in the sense that it is matter. It is waves of energy traversing the energy commodity that is necessary to establish the presence of particles. Newton's bucket, Einstein's thought experiment comes to mind. I may not yet fully understand the thought experiment but at the time Mach had proposed that gravity was instantaneous and so the spinning bucket would feel the gravity from the distant and surrounding universe and the water would creep up the side of the spinning bucket. Einstein proposed that gravity was not instantaneous and it was the geometry of spacetime that would cause the water to creep.

In QWC, Newton’s spinning bucket would only exist for as long as the inflowing waves were available to sustain the standing wave pattern that makes up the particles from which the bucket and the water are composed. Standing waves have two components, the inflowing waves from all directions and the out flowing waves in all directions. If you did a thought experiment with a bucket of water spinning in otherwise empty space, i.e. you cut off the inflowing energy wave component of the standing waves, you wouldn’t have to worry about if the water would creep up the side of the bucket. The bucket and the water would immediately be disbursed at the speed of light into the surrounding empty space in the form of out flowing energy waves in all directions.

 

[Originally Posted by SciWriter

“The basis of the 'elemental' itself would still have to have been forever eternal and so it is almost the same to say that stuff was forever, but perhaps more accurate to say that stuff was always forever becoming.”]

 

Exactly; the stuff was not forever, the energy that makes up the stuff is forever in QWC.

 

 

04-22-11, 03:03 PM #18

My reference above to Newton’s bucket thought experiment is useful in explaining how QWC is differentiated from the geometry of spacetime but there are centrifugal and centripetal forces and absolute space issues at play too. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_centrifugal_and_centripetal_forces)

The distinction I am going for is that in QWC the bucket and water burst outward at the speed of light into surrounding space if the inflowing waves are cut off, i.e. if the bucket is surrounded by absolutely empty space.  Also, there is the difference between frame-dragging in General Relativity and the imbalance in the inflowing component of the standing waves in QWC. I think that in GR the water feels the frame dragging caused by the geometry of spacetime and in QWC the water creeps in an attempt to move toward the direction of the net imbalance in the inflowing wave density given the competing forces involved. As long as the dual wave flow is maintained, there is almost no difference in the effect caused by QWC gravity vs. the geometry of spacetime. When I get through the initial discussion of the axioms I will spend some time explaining the presence of mass and the cause of gravity in QWC and discuss that small difference.

In the mean time, the second axiom of QWC is that the universe is boundless. In my short discussion with KilljoyKlown I described the second axiom:

 

[Originally Posted by QW

“Hi KilljoyKlown. I think you and I have some similar speculations. If I may refer to my OP, the second axiom says, “It is axiomatic that the universe is boundless. The matter and the energy of the universe are potentially infinite in extent and no matter where you are in the universe it appears homogeneous and isotropic and has appeared essentially the same for eternity on a grand scale.” That is referred to as The Perfect Cosmological Principle, and from that link, “A cosmological hypothesis which states that the universe is on average homogeneous and isotropic, as well as constant in time.”]

 

This is a very useful axiom obviously. A boundless universe is spatially infinite. To use a syllogism, (the first axiom) the universe has always existed, (the second axiom) the universe is boundless (exists everywhere), so we have a universe that is infinite in space and time.

We do not know these two axioms to be true. They are issues that are not determined in modern cosmology and are not established using the scientific method. There is no provable answer to these “imponderables” and the consensus cosmology does not offer suggestions. That is why I deal with them axiomatically as if they were true, either self-evident or necessary truths upon which to build; from which to derive further logical truths.

I use the word “truth”, but truth is part of the terminology of axiomatic statements. That is just part of the language used and I don’t mean to delude anyone into thinking that an axiomatic truth is truth in reality. It is a figure of speech.

I use the word “derived” in regard to truths that follow from the axioms. Most understand that when I derive a truth from the axioms it is a logical truth and not a characteristic of reality.

Also there is no intention to delude anyone (you) into thinking that QWC is scientific theory. It is not; not under Popper’s philosophy of science nor any other philosophy, and I don’t propose any tests that would bring it in under the umbrella of scientific theory. It is just my personal set of views about cosmology.

 

4/23/2011, 10:44 AM #23

The third axiom is that time simply passes and that time is a continuum. Just saying time is a continuum is all the axiom needs to say but I want to associate time with the smooth flow of energy waves and I want to disassociate space from time except for the rate at which energy waves move through space relative to each other.

We measure the passing of time in many ways but our most accurate clocks count time in the tiniest possible consistent increments. In between the increments time is also passing and no matter how small the smallest increments are that we can measure time still passes between them. That is why I say time is a continuum. Any two points on the continuum are different times no matter how close they are together. Time always passes from one point to the next even though there are a potentially infinite number of points between any two events that don’t occur simultaneously. Don’t confuse the idea of an infinite number of points between two events with there being an infinite amount of time between two events. Time is a measurement and there cannot be an infinite amount of time between two events. Infinities cannot be measured.

We observe that acceleration causes time dilation.  In QWC we derive from the time axioms the speculation that acceleration has an effect on the energy density of the object in motion. The energy density of objects increases with acceleration. Gravitational time dilation is caused by differences and changes in the energy density of the environment of the clocks used to measure the passing of time. Anything that can accurately measure time measures time to pass at the same rate in the same energy density environment. For example the aging of the human body measures time in that sense. You will age slower relative to a person who is always at rest relative to your motion.

In QWC the fact that clocks show time passing at different rates does not violate the axiom or the derived speculation. It would only violate the axiom if time itself passed at different rates in different conditions of acceleration and relative motion. The difference in the rate of aging has to do with the energy density of the environment in which the aging takes place and not with the difference in the rate that time passes on the time continuum.

Using a freeze frame example, twins are born at a point in time on the continuum. One twin leaves on an endless journey and the other stays home. Each has an identical clock. Twenty years pass on the time continuum and then time is frozen at that point across the entire universe so that the twin’s clocks can be compared in their different locations. The traveling twin’s clock shows that only ten years have passed. The resting twin’s clock shows that twenty years have passed. The traveling twin appears ten years younger than the resting twin. Every indication is that time passed slower for the moving twin but the time continuum is the true time against which the effect of time dilation is measured.  Twenty years passed for both twins on the time continuum and this assumes that the twin at rest was at rest with absolute time.

 

It is quite reasonable to expect that the time that passes in different moving reference frames will not agree with the time that passes on the time continuum.  Moving reference frames are used to quantify relative motion and so in QWC they require are characterized by energy density differentials.  There is no identifiable location in the universe that a clock can be placed that will measure the passing of time at the same rate as time passes on the time continuum.  The idea that a time continuum as used in QWC actually exists cannot be proved but it is axiomatic in QWC.

An observed phenomenon that is explained by the curvature of spacetime can also be explained by the difference in the energy density. For example light passing near a star will move slower because the space medium near the star has higher energy density. The light will be refracted (http://www.flixya.com/blog/2861480/Eddingtons-Proof-of-Einsteins-Theory-of-Relativity-By-Way-of-Measuring-Deflection-of-Stars-Appears-to-Be-in-Error)

by the change in the density of the medium like light passing through a lens. Energy density of an environment in QWC is the energy represented by all of the energy waves in that environment. I’ll add to that when I discuss the fifth axiom.  (See pic #1)

I use this axiom to establish absolute time in QWC against which dilated time can be compared.

 

 

4/24/2011, 09:32 AM #24

QWC wouldn’t exist if there wasn't already huge movement in the scientific community to fill the need for a unifying theory. There is much being written and said in the popular media which laymen can read and understand that gives us clues as to what is going on in the scientific community. I consider the largest issue to be the difference between the science that focuses on the micro realm, quantum mechanics, and science that focuses on the macro realm, general relativity. Everything is cool until you get concerned with extremes of mass and size. Very high mass and very small size presents problems in both QM and GR.

The problem seems to me to center around what I call energy density which is probably different from what a professional in either QM or GR would define it. I define energy density as the wave energy content of space (definition).

The fifth axiom of QWC is that energy is all there is. I know it can be seen as a cop out in QWC but I see everything as being composed of energy in the form of energy waves. I say it can be seen as a “cop out” because the nature of energy in science has been more about the ability to do work than the basic commodity out of which everything in the universe is composed. Science, in the absence of any evidence of a medium through which waves can be propagated has left the aether behind and moved on to the geometry of spacetime. If you consider my view, the energy commodity fills all space and waves that traverse the energy commodity are energy waves, waves being energy carriers. Matter is composed of quantum waves, i.e. energy in quantum increments.

I speculate that these waves are everywhere and are coming and going in all directions at any point in space and have a wide range of frequencies. The energy commodity is never at rest anywhere.  Wave energy would represent the energy background and within that background there are converging waves at any point in space. In the absence of matter these converging waves are unsynchronized which to me is another way of saying they are unquantized.

Matter is composed of wave energy and the operative characteristic is synchronization. When the converging waves become synchronized the presence of a particle exists. Particles that pop up in the chaotic unsynchronized background might do so out of chance or probability or might do so more predictably out of circumstances associated with recurring events like big bangs that establish the conditions for particle formation within expanding arenas like our observable universe.

From the fifth axiom, the premise that wave energy exists at all points in space, I derive the speculation that there is a process that establishes particles with duration and stability.  I call that process the standing wave process. Standing waves have two components, the inflowing waves from all directions and the out flowing waves in all directions. Though that may sound just like the way I described the background energy, i.e. energy waves converging from all directions, I speculate that it is the synchronization of out flowing waves that differentiates the particle from the background.  Synchronization produces an environment where wave crests have duration because the inflowing waves equal the out flowing waves, much like can be observed on the surface of a pond as waves from various directions produce crests and valleys that seem to stand still.

Synchronization is a process that begins with the converging waves of the background. The point of convergence becomes organized such that there is a tiny disturbed patch of space where energy density equalization begins. Once a particle space exists this equalization process becomes contained in that space and the quantum action that requires energy density equalization becomes established and is sustained by the inflowing and out flowing wave energy.

At that stage newly formed particles are not much more than sustained high energy density spots like those wave crests that seem to stand still or that drift slowly across the surface of a pond.  But particles contained and sustained by spherical waves in the energy background are the starting point for the formation of matter. The inflowing waves are unsynchronized, synchronization takes place in the disturbed space, and synchronized (quantized) waves flow out of the particle’s space equally in all directions, i.e. the synchronized out flow is quantized.

The high density spots are pre-matter and I speculate that they are dark matter that occupies space and stands out from the background but has no electromagnetic characteristics. More on that later…

 

 

4/24/2011, 12:07 PM #25

It probably isn’t an axiom in the scientific sense but in QWC I consider everything to be tentative, and that is the sixth axiom. Tentativeness is considered to be strength of science and though QWC is far from scientific, tentativeness is the key.  The less tentative the science, the stronger that science is. I spout off about axioms and step by step speculations but it is even more appropriate to consider anything I say about QWC to be more “tentative” than any established science.

If I speculate about something I usually don’t have the rigor behind it that would be expected in the scientific community and so it goes without saying that I am ready to invoke this axiom and change my speculations when I learn that I have violated known science, observations, or data. I have done it time after time and have always acknowledged the source of the changes whether it was from some poster who took exception to my bold speculations or from my own research. I always encourage corrections and suggestions about alternative ideas. QWC is the accumulation of years of reading and posting in many forums, paying attention to comments, and making corrections and improvements.

As for ideas, almost every concept that I include has been thought of by someone in the scientific community, maybe not in peer reviewed publications, but what I’m saying is that QWC ideas aren’t my original ideas, they are most often inspired following what the popular media publishes about interviews and developments in the scientific community.

For example here are a few links on the topic of Gravitomagnetism that I am following that tie in with my layman’s discussion of Newton’s bucket that I will be expanding on:

http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2004/19apr_gravitomagnetism/

http://www.lares-mission.com/curricu..._ciufolini.pdf

http://sciencewatch.com/dr/fmf/2011/.../11janfmfCiuf/

http://encyclopedia2.thefreedictiona...tal+precession

 

 

4/25/2011, 11:04 AM #26

Let’s boldly put this post under the heading of An Introduction to Deriving the Presence of Particles from the QWC Axioms.

In the OP I mentioned the six axioms and in the posts following it I tried to describe why I selected those particular premises. Derivations from those axioms are what I call speculations or derived truths. I derive the nature of matter speculatively from the axioms and on that basis I have a personal view of what causes its presence. My derivations won’t do much to satisfy anyone but me but in a personal cosmology that is an important criterion. I post about QWC because the steps that compose it are numerous and inter-related and posting is an exercise to organize my personal views on cosmology. Cosmology to me includes the both the micro and the macro realms and covers the same territory as quantum mechanics, General Relativity and Big Bang Theory, but in an fashion unrecognizable to those in the “scientific community” :).

The axiom that energy is all there is allows the derived speculation that matter is composed of energy. That is not a very wordy statement and it is not a claim. It is a derived truth in QWC. If the axiom is falsified then the speculation is invalid but in the meantime matter being composed of energy is the tentative consensus of those who do QWC, i.e. of mine.

Another speculation can be derived from the “matter is energy” speculation. If particles are matter, and if matter is energy, then particles are composed of energy. That brings us to the question of how particles can be composed of energy and I speculate that energy is carried by waves.

The question comes up, waves of what, and that is where I speculate that energy is a commodity and waves can traverse the energy commodity, so energy waves traversing the energy medium are what particles are composed of. I speculate about the energy commodity being characterized by waves coming and going at all points of space. I speculate about a standing wave process that makes particles stand out from the energy background and will post about it later.

I know (or suspect anyway) that you can’t go there with me, but that is where I go with the step-by-step speculations.

What propagates the waves and how do particles form from waves are questions that are addressed next and in related posts to follow. To go there we move to the axiom about space being infinite and the axiom about wave energy being all there is. From that I derive the speculation that energy waves fill all space. If space is infinite then there is an infinite amount of energy and all points in space have wave energy density.

With all space containing wave energy, and energy waves composing particles, what propagates the waves? And about that I speculate that there are two primary forces; one force is expansion and the other is contraction (collapse), and both are needed to maintain the propagation of spherical waves that traverse the energy medium. I’ll speculate about the nature of those two forces and what causes expansion and contraction in another post.

But first the question comes up, how can both forces work together to perpetuate wave action? And I address that question with speculation that there are limits of wave energy density beyond which contraction cannot go, and when that maximum energy density limit is reached, contraction reverses (bounces) into expansion.

That speculation leads to further speculation that wave energy cannot be created or destroyed, i.e. conservation of wave energy, and so wave energy can be compressed but compression reaches a limit that cannot be exceeded or maintained and the wave energy bursts out of the compression containment and goes into expansion.

At the macro level I phrase it by saying that expansion is caused by a bounce that occurs when collapse reaches the limit of wave energy density. There can be no infinite wave energy density in QWC because the speculated maximum energy density limit is a derived truth necessary for the perpetuation of the presence of energy waves.  That limit is what keeps the universe in its entirety from collapsing into one final big crunch and perpetuates arena action.

At the micro level I phrase it by saying that there is an internal process within the particle space that converts unsynchronized inflowing wave energy into synchronized out flowing wave energy. I call that quantum action and will post about it later.  You can think of the convergence of wave energy in the particle space to reach a density that cannot be sustained by the energy density of the surrounding environment and so the inflowing wave energy of the multiple converging waves bounces into expansion as a single spherical energy wave emerging equally in all directions from the particle space.

I will also speculate later more about the two levels of order, the micro and the macro, and show how they might be thought of as the same process playing out at two levels that are at opposite ends of the scale of nature that comprises the universe, the micro level and the macro level.  From the QWC perspective only these two levels of order (scale) can be meaningful but I do not preclude the ideas of higher or lower levels where similar processes are playing out on hugely different scales of space and time.

But first, a maximum energy density limit begs the question of how wave energy can be compressed (see post #99). I speculate that particles composed of wave energy are contained by the process of standing waves which I will post more about later. The “particle space” that a particle occupies can be reduced by compression and the particle can still function, albeit slower. More and more particles of contained wave energy can be compressed within a given volume of space until the energy density limit is reached. At that limit of energy density the particle can no longer function, the particle space can no longer be sustained, and there is a final collapse that generates the bounce that is referred to as a Big Bang. The time and space effects associated with the slowing and stopping of the functioning of particles will be posted about later.

That brings up the question of how a particle can contain wave energy and be compressed without losing its particle nature, i.e. its stability as an individual particle. I address that question with the speculation that there is a process going on in the particle space that is not interrupted until the maximum wave energy density caused by compression is reached and the particle ceases to function along with the collapse. That process is called energy density equalization and at the micro level it is part of the process of quantum action and the standing wave process.

I’ll pause here for no good reason other than to avoid too long a post.

 

 

4/25/2011, 06:32 PM #27

Let’s put this post under the heading of Deriving the Standing Wave Process from the Axioms Given the Speculation Presented in The Introduction to Deriving the Presence of Particles from the Axioms, or just, The Standing Wave Process, for short .

The following is a cut and paste of the group of statements that I have made about standing waves so far in this thread:

“It is the scientific consensus that electromagnetic radiation consisting of waves across the entire electromagnetic spectrum is produced by oscillating dipoles consisting of charged atomic particles. It is derived truth that since particles themselves are speculated to be composed of waves of energy then there are two levels of order involved in electromagnetic radiation. One is the spectrum of wave energy that produces the presence of matter consisting of particles, and the other is the electromagnetic spectrum of wave energy produced by the oscillation of charged particles within atoms and molecules. Since both forms of wave energy traverse the energy commodity that fills all space, the frequency of those waves is the key to their perpetuation. Standing waves that produce matter are higher frequency than electromagnetic waves that are produced by matter.”

 

“Standing waves have two components, the inflowing waves from all directions and the out flowing waves in all directions.”

“If you did a thought experiment with a bucket of water spinning in otherwise empty space, i.e. you cut off the inflowing energy wave component of the standing waves, you wouldn’t have to worry about if the water would creep up the side of the bucket. The bucket and the water would immediately be disbursed at the speed of light into the surrounding empty space in the form of out flowing energy waves in all directions.”

“Also, there is the difference between frame-dragging in General Relativity and the imbalance in the inflowing component of the standing waves in QWC. I think that in GR the water feels the frame dragging caused by the geometry of spacetime and in QWC the water creeps in an attempt to move toward the direction of the net imbalance in the inflowing wave density given the competing forces involved.”

 

“As long as the dual wave flow is maintained, there is almost no difference in the effect caused by QWC gravity vs. the geometry of spacetime.”

“I derive the speculation that there is a process that establishes particles with duration and stability.  I call that process the standing wave process. Standing waves have two components, the inflowing waves from all directions and the out flowing waves in all directions. Though that may sound just like the way I described the background energy, i.e. energy waves converging from all directions, I speculate that it is the synchronization of out flowing waves that differentiates the particle from the background.  Synchronization produces an environment where wave crests have duration because the inflowing waves equal the out flowing waves, much like can be observed on the surface of a pond as waves from various directions produce crests and valleys that seem to stand still.”

“Synchronization is a process that begins with the converging waves of the background. The point of convergence becomes organized such that there is a tiny disturbed patch of space where energy density equalization begins. Once a particle space exists this equalization process becomes contained in that space and the quantum action that includes energy density equalization becomes established and is sustained by the inflowing and out flowing wave energy.”

“At that stage newly formed particles are not much more than sustained high energy density spots like those wave crests that seem to stand still or that drift slowly across the surface of a pond.  But particles contained and sustained by spherical waves in the energy background are the starting point for the formation of matter. The inflowing waves are unsynchronized, synchronization takes place in the disturbed space, and synchronized (quantized) waves flow out of the particle’s space equally in all directions, i.e. the synchronized out flow is quantized.”

 

“The high density spots are pre-matter and I speculate that they are dark matter that occupies space and stands out from the background but has no electromagnetic characteristics.”

 

That concludes the list of previously mentioned statements and brings me to the point of listing the concepts associated with the standing wave process. That list includes 1) high frequency waves relative to the frequency of electromagnetic radiation, 2) synchronization and quantization, 3) energy density equalization, 4) quantum action, and 5) high density spots. I’ll take them one at a time:

1) High frequency waves relative to the frequency of electromagnetic radiation (EM):

EM is quantized in the sense that each frequency of EM wave carries a precise amount of energy. In black body radiation the peak frequency follows a curve and as the temperature of the black body increases the amount of EM increases at each frequency and the curve changes. The slope of the curve falls off as the temperature increases because the amount of energy need for each consecutive peak level increases relative to the incremental energy applied to the black body. Each energy increment added into the black body results in a smaller change in the peak frequency and a sharper fall in the curve. That effect theoretically leads to a point where you can’t raise the peak level another notch because in a finite system there just isn’t enough energy available because the energy requirement approaches infinity.

But the wave energy that composes the particles that the black body is composed of are not composed of EM, they are composed of synchronized wave energy within the background energy.  Though there is a theoretical limit to the peak frequency at which EM can be propagated from a particular black body, that fact does not interfere with the QWC speculation that higher frequencies of wave energy are involved with establishing the presence of matter, i.e. the inflowing and out flowing wave energy components of the standing wave process that establishes the presence of the particles that make up the black body.

I don't think that the speculation that particles are composed of higher frequency waves than EM can generate is considered by the scientific community but maybe so. Oscillating dipoles vibrate at frequencies and those frequencies are transmitted to the EM that is emitted. That EM can be detected. There is no way I know of to detect the high frequency waves of particle inflows and out flows and perhaps that is because they are “dark”, i.e. not EM. But if a dipole is made of particles that are made of high frequency energy waves or matter waves, the frequency of those matter waves must be able to accommodate the highest frequency EM. For the particles in the dipole to have motion and vibrate at the frequencies of the detectible EM, the matter must be composed of much high frequency waves. That follows from the speculation that every particle motion requires a new set of inflowing and out flowing energy waves. A “set of waves” in this case is the wave energy within the particle space of each particle in the dipole atom or molecule and the wave energy is moving through the high density particle space “medium” at the speed of light.  I speculate that the high energy density particle space “medium” significantly slows light relative to light passing through less dense environments or through the relative vacuum of space.

I can’t propose a test to detect the presence of these high frequency matter waves and I don’t present it as theory. It is derived speculation in QWC.

 

 

4/26/2011, 03:46 PM #28

QWC is a layman’s accumulation of all the popular alternatives to address what people consider when they are asked if they think there was a “before” the Big Bang. I have reviewed the popular media for years and have been keeping a running update going of a view that fits with what we know for sure and incorporates many of the best ideas of the alternative cosmologies. Everyone who wants to be somewhat up to date should view the six episodes here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_bGx3UB-Slg.

QWC is based on the best alternative cosmologies out there and to those who see QWC as overly speculative I reply that it is not so far out if you know what the popular cosmological alternatives are saying.

There is goal to this thread and that is to lay out the speculations that make up to my own view of cosmology. Let me state my favorite scenario briefly to break the boredom for me and for anyone who might come across this  and then I’ll go on with the speculations sequentially (you’ve been warned, lol).

My cosmological scenario refers to our known universe as an arena within a greater universe. Our arena can be described as the energy content of the Hubble volume of space plus what must lie beyond our Hubble view but is still considered part of what was caused by the Big Bang event. On that basis I think I’ll call our arena the Extended Hubble Volume of Space (EHVS pronounced E-vis). The arena concept fits with several of the scientific alternatives to the Big Bang mentioned in the BBC Horizon 2010 series that I linked to above.

It is in line with or compatible in large degree with Kaku’s view of a preexisting state, ideas of Smolin, Penrose, Linde, and Mersini-Houghton.

Dr Laura Mersini-Houghton, University of North Carolina, is using String Theory mathematics to define a cosmology that addresses observations like the void in the CMBR, unexplained motion or Dark Flow, and odd temperatures to predict the presence of neighboring universes. Those neighbors would be neighboring arenas in QWC.  [Edit: a link on the void and one on dark flow  http://www.dailygalaxy.com/my_weblog/2009/12/is-the-massive-cold-spot-a-sign.html, http://www.medical-answers.org/hd/index.php?t=Laura+Mersini, “In 2007, Mersini-Houghton claimed that the observed CMB cold spot was "the unmistakable imprint of another universe beyond the edge of our own", just as she and her collaborator had predicted in her theory 8 months earlier.”]

In my version, neighboring arenas expand until they intersect and overlap. In the overlap space gravity causes collapse of the captured galactic material to form a big crunch, and some new physics which I speculate about in detail and that is part of several of the popular alternative views, cause the big crunches to burst into expansion. This is not a crank scenario unless you stick with the view that there was no “before or beyond” the Big Bang. If you do, you used to be in the majority but now most reputable researches are considering the “before” and QWC is just a compilation of ideas I pick up by following the popular media.

 

Layman’s view of “before the Big Bang”

Link to “What Happened Before the Big Bang”

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_bGx3UB-Slg

QWC is a combination and an alternative view

QWC cosmological scenario in a nutshell

EHVS (E-vis) Extended Hubble Volume of Space

Pre-existing state ideas

Link about Laura Mersini-Houghton

http://www.physics.unc.edu/directory/directory.php?section=1&tmpl=bio&mode=text&param=395

String Theory, dark flow and the void

Link to the cold spot, great void

http://www.dailygalaxy.com/my_weblog/2009/12/is-the-massive-cold-spot-a-sign.html

Laura Mersini-Houghton on Wiki

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laura_Mersini

“Before the Big Bang” no longer a crank scenario

 

04-27-11, 12:28 PM #33

Picking up where I left off in the derived speculations …

I was talking about how standing waves come about: 1) high frequency waves relative to the frequency of electromagnetic radiation (EM), 2) synchronization and quantization, 3) energy density equalization, 4) quantum action, and 5) sustained high density spots.

I covered 1) above so:

2) Synchronization and quantization:

If as speculated, we have an energy background of wave energy coming and going in all directions at any point in space, and if it can be speculated that waves flow through each other in such a way that at any point in space they are converging from all directions, then we can imagine the backdrop for the establishment of standing wave particles that are characterized by synchronized and quantized out flowing waves from unsynchronized inflowing waves.

3) Energy density equalization:

I speculated from that then, if at the point of convergence the wave energy is cumulative then there are high wave energy density spots throughout the energy background that are sustained by the inflowing and out flowing wave energy.

However there is nothing yet remarkable about any given point in such a consistent converging wave background that would initially establish the presence of high density spots. In a given space the high density spots have to stand out from the background before they can be sustained by the converging background wave energy. They need to be established first before you can sustain them with inflowing wave energy.

 

There are speculations in QWC that set up the circumstances where high density spots are created from the forces of expansion and contraction. That occurs across the landscape of the greater universe via arena action, the process that causes crunches and Big Bangs across the arena landscape.

Earlier I posted this: “Synchronization is a process that begins with the converging waves of the background. The point of convergence becomes organized such that there is a tiny pinhole of disturbed space, the particle space, where energy density equalization begins. Once a particle space exists this equalization process becomes contained in that space and the quantum action that includes energy density equalization becomes established and is sustained by the inflowing and out flowing wave energy.”

The definition of an energy density environment in QWC is that any volume of space that contains energy can function as an environment as long as the energy in that environment can be equalized across the environment. The density of a gas equalizes in its container, the density of a liquid free of gravity equalizes in spherical drops, etc.  The density of wave energy in an energy environment trends toward equalization. Particles will equalize their density across the environment, and if the energy environment is within a pinhole particle space, a tiny place, the wave energy converging in that space trends toward equalization too, meaning that the converging peaks of wave energy occupy the same space, an energy density environment, and the wave energy in that space is equal to the sum of all the wave peaks that are converging there.

Wave identity and direction is lost in the disturbed space and the energy in that space is equalized to represent one single high density spot of consistent energy density for one short instant. That high density wave energy bursts out of the spot spherically as if the spot was a pinhole in space, i.e. spherically and thus equally in all directions even if the inflow is unsynchronized.  I refer to the spherical out flowing waves as being synchronized, i.e. the unsynchronized inflow emerges as synchronized out flow.  Energy density equalization has occurred within the particle space and is disbursed equally in all directions by the emerging spherical quantum wave of energy.

To achieve the initial high density spots requires a special initial wave convergence that sets up the spots to begin with. That special convergence is the intersection and overlap of the parent arenas.  They produce the big bangs and it takes a circumstance like a Big Bang to produce a sea of initial high density spots.  The spots are sustained within the collapsing crunch until the bounce occurs and then they are sustained with help from the surrounding wave energy as inflation occurs.

When Big Bang expansion begins in an arena we have a sea of high density spots that is sustained by the standing wave process. I call this the sea of dark matter because from it particles form and electromagnetic radiation brings the light.  Once the initial standing waves are established in the expanding arena, particles form and particle charges are established, and then oscillating dipoles arise to produce light energy. In other words the lights go out as the big crunch forms and the light goes back on when the arena begins to mature.  Thus the arena process is the way nature reverses the entropy that occurs in preceding big bang arenas as they play out.

That is how the recurring big bang type events play a role by initiating quantum action to establish the presence of matter in newly expanding arenas from the energy conserved from the previous arenas; a subject that I will elaborate on speculatively in following posts.

… To be continued …

 

 

4/29/2011 10:30 AM, Post #34

 

4) Quantum action:

A Big Bang in QWC has preconditions which I have been speculating about. Those speculations include that big crunches form from the convergence of neighboring expanding arenas as gravity acting on the galactic material that converges in the overlap space causes it to collapse into what I call an ultimate black hole (UBH) or big crunch. Some speculated physics that I have described elsewhere and here later is in effect and applies to the circumstances within a UBH that leads to the Big Bang type event. The collapse of the big crunch reverses into expansion of the big bang, setting up the circumstances for the initial formation of a sea of high density spots (dark matter) within the expanding new big bang arena. This is what I speculate occurred in our extended Hubble volume of space (EHVS) 14 billion years ago.

The energy that emerges from the big burst is high frequency wave energy that was formed from all types of matter and energy that entered and was compressed in the UBH. It is converted to dense dark energy that bursts free from the containment of the big crunch. The emerging dark energy bursting into expansion immediately encounters the background energy in the space surrounding the big burst. That surrounding space contains radiation (light energy) that is characteristic of all inter-arena space in the landscape of the greater universe, universal cosmic microwave background energy (UCMBE) that exists from a potentially infinite history of active arenas across infinite space and time. The UCMBE is low frequency light waves (low energy density, low temperature) that are blue shifted to a halt as they are caught up in the extreme high frequency waves (high energy density) of the greater expanding arena wave. Thus they provide inflowing wave energy to the expanding sea of dark matter comprised of high density spots that emerged from the big bang.

Quantum action is initiated simultaneously with the high density wave convergences (HD spots) in the Dark Matter Sea. Each new spot forms and bursts into synchronized out flowing waves that disburse equally in all directions from the initial point of convergence in space. The out flow from the initial spot is a spherical wave energy that expands equally in all directions. This directionally equal wave energy out flow is the first product of quantum action.

The blue shifting convergences between the expanding arena wave and the universal cosmic wave energy background (UCWEB) become incorporated in the sea of high energy density spots.  The spots exist momentarily as high density disturbed patches of space. During that instant they are not wave energy, they are contained energy in a quantum space where energy density equalization occurs.  It is in that brief quantum period and tiny pinhole of quantum space that quantum action converts the unsynchronized inflowing wave energy to spherical out flowing wave energy that expands equally in all directions from the HD spot. Those spherical waves initiate a sea of similar high density energy wave intersections that overlap, form new high density spots whose inflow bursts into spherical out flowing waves, forming and reforming from the spherical out flowing wave energy. This is the dark energy/dark matter environment of the very earliest moments of the arena and in which particle formation begins to take place; the speculative QWC nucleosynthesis, lol.

The high density spot acts as a tiny hole that forces waves that pass through it to become spherical, and the hole, also referred to as a disturbed patch of space at the center of the pre-particle has the same effect on all incoming waves of the right frequency. The result is that the out flowing boundary of the particle space becomes spherical in all directions as incoming waves from all directions pass through and out of it.

For example, in geometric optics a wave encountering a hole tinier than its wave length emerges from the whole as a spherical wave on the other side of the barrier. Please refer to figure 35.4 b in Chapter 35, The Nature of Light and the Laws of Geometric Optics, in Physics for Scientists and Engineers, Fifth Edition, by Serway and Beichner. I couldn’t find the exact graphic on the web but if I do I will post it later or just draw it using MS Paint.

5) Sustained high density spots:

The process of standing waves that I have derived speculatively sustains the presence of dark matter, and from the dark matter sea charged particles and oscillating dipoles evolve which produce electromagnetic radiation that lights up the arena after the big bang.

It is a complex set of speculations derived from the axioms of QWC that brings us to the point in the early universe (our arena) when standing waves maintain the presence of hydrogen that forms across the entire expanding dark matter filled arena. Latter I will pick up here and discuss speculation about the formation of a first round of huge fast burning hydrogen stars that precede the formation of the galaxies and galaxy groups that we now observe.

But first it seems appropriate to discuss the QWC gravity speculations derived from observations of motion and speculations about the role that quantum action and standing waves play to cause that motion and to establish the presence of gravity simultaneously. You’ll hate it, lol.

 

5/2/2011, 09:52 AM #35

I’ve gone through a complex series of axioms and derived speculations to describe the standing wave process of QWC. That path has taken me through some strange and distant neighborhoods in the micro to the macro and back to the micro realms.

The Perfect Cosmological Principle (PCP) that I referenced and provided a definitional link to in post #1 applies and says that on a grand scale the universe is homogeneous and isotropic in space and time.  Given the PCP, arena action and quantum action collaborate throughout the potentially infinite universe to maintain the presence of fluctuating energy density.  Energy waves coming and going at all points in space provide the energy background from which matter stands out, and the presence of matter is established when those waves become synchronized and quantized.

High density spots called dark matter already exist simultaneously with the early arena expansion period. Without gravity the expansion momentum of the dark matter sea would cause expansion without allowing clumping and the Big Rip http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Big_Rip would occur without the arena ever producing particles, matter or life.  

 

Expansion momentum combined with quantum action is speculated to be the cause of the formation and initial relative motion of matter within the arena.  The pre-particle dark matter being maintained by quantum action immediately begins to clump due to the gravity achieved by quantum action and the clumps have expansion momentum imparted to them as the form in the expanding arena.  Expansion momentum and gravity represent the two major forces present during early arena expansion, I speculate.

Gravity is an imbalance in the inflowing wave component of the standing wave pattern that has established the presence of mass. The imbalance causes the location of the high density spot that is being maintained by the standing wave pattern to reorient itself in the direction of the net highest energy density wave inflow surrounding it.

Gravity allows clumping at short distances while expansion momentum resists clumping as the distance increases. A more detailed set of speculations will follow in posts #38 and #39, but take the time to contemplate the axioms and derived speculations that bring QWC to the point where dark energy and dark matter exist before charged particles and electromagnetic radiation are produced in the new arena.

 

5/16/2011 Not Posted s.b. #35NP

The following is not posted to the thread as of 5/16/2011, but is left here for future reference:

http://www.rpi.edu/dept/phys/ScIT/InformationStorage/intdiff/intdiff.html

Interfering Waves

Two traveling waves can interfere with each other. You may remember how to add sine waves from a trig class long ago. You merely add the functions at each individual point. For example, consider the three cases illustrated below.

In case (a), the two waves match up exactly. We say they are "in-phase", since everywhere Wave 1 has a crest Wave 2 also has a crest, and everywhere Wave 1 has a trough, Wave 2 also has a trough, etc. When these two waves add, the result is a sine wave with twice the amplitude as one of the original waves. The waves in this case exhibit complete constructive interference.

In case (b), the waves are "180º out of phase", which means that they are off by one-half cycle. Every crest in Wave 1 matches a trough in Wave 2, and vice-versa. Adding these two waves yields an amplitude of zero. This case illustrates complete destructive interference.

Case (c) illustrates a situation somewhere between complete constructive and complete destructive interference. The two waves do not line up completely, but they do not cancel either. The result is a sine wave with an amplitude lower than twice the amplitude of one wave. The exact value of the amplitude will depend on how out-of-phase the two waves are. If the waves are nearly aligned, the amplitude of the sum will be larger than if the two waves are nearly canceling.

The difference between the distances traveled by the two waves is called the path difference, and it is represented by d on the diagram. The waves in case (a) needn't have traveled the exact same distance to line up; if one wave has traveled one wavelength more than the other has, the two waves would still line up. They would similarly align if one has traveled two or three or any integer number of wavelengths further than the other has. If the path difference is equal to an integer number of wavelengths, the two waves will experience complete constructive interference, and their amplitudes will add.

Similarly, the path difference for the waves in case (b) needn't be just l/2; if one has traveled three half-wavelengths more than the other has, they would still cancel. They would also cancel if one has traveled any other half-integer number of wavelengths further than the other has. If the path difference is equal to a half- integer number of wavelengths, the two waves will experience complete destructive interference, their amplitudes will cancel, and the sum will always have zero amplitude. Thus our conditions on the path difference d for interference are as follows:

d = ml (m = 0, ±1, ±2, . . .) for constructive interference.

d = (m + 1/2)l (m= 0, ±1, ±2, . . .) for destructive interference.

 

Diffraction of Waves through an Aperture

When a wave hits an opening, or aperture, it spreads out on the other side of the aperture. This phenomenon is known as diffraction. We can represent the wave as either a series of crests (red solid lines) and troughs (red dashed lines), or as a ray pointing the direction of wave motion (blue arrow). As the wave passes through the aperture, the crests and troughs take a circular shape, and the direction of wave motion becomes radial. One consequence of diffraction is that waves can travel around corners. Observation of light's ability to travel around corners and diffract helped bolster the wave theory of light.

 

Interference through a Double Slit

When a wave passes through two slits, it diffracts at both openings. The circular waves emitted by one opening can then interfere with the circular waves coming out the other opening. If the wave from the bottom opening (yellow) has traveled an integer number of wavelengths further (or less) than the wave from the top opening (green), the result will be complete constructive interference (pink dots). Similarly, complete destructive interference (brown dots) will occur at locations where the wave from the bottom opening has traveled a half-integer number of wavelengths further (or less) than the wave from the top opening has.

If the waves are light waves, spots of constructive interference will be bright, and spots of destructive interference will be dark. A screen represented by the black line in the above diagram would therefore display regions of high-intensity light dimming into regions of zero intensity before brightening into high-intensity regions again. This collection of bright and dark regions is called an "interference pattern" for light.

Interference through a Single Slit

Light traveling through a single slit can also produce an interference pattern. One can think of the sources of the interfering rays as being different parts of the slit. To visualize this case, it is helpful to think of the light as "rays" (green and yellow). A ray incident on the lower part of the slit will diverge, as will a ray incident on the upper part of the slit. The resulting diverging waves will interfere, in a manner similar to the interference of a double slit. Bright spots, called maxima, will appear when the path difference between the interfering rays is an integer number of wavelengths. Dark minima will appear when the path difference is a half-integer number of wavelengths.

The pattern produced by a single slit is similar to, but not identical to, the pattern produced by a double slit. To distinguish between the two situations, we call the double-slit pattern an interference pattern, and the single-slit pattern a diffraction pattern. This distinction is somewhat misleading, since both effects depend upon both diffraction (the spreading of light) and interference (combining of light), but it is commonly used so you should be aware of it.

Interference through a Circular Aperture

If a circular aperture is used instead of a narrow slit, the diffraction pattern is circular, looking something like the figure below. We will use such a pattern to determine the wavelengths of two lasers in class. To do so, we first define two distances: D is the distance between the aperture and the screen, and y is the distance between the center of the pattern and the first minimum. The right-hand side of the figure below shows the top view of the setup. From this drawing, we can see that the angle q is related to y and D by

tan q = y/D.

Deriving the next equation is beyond the scope of this course. Suffice it to say that the path difference d between the rays coming from different parts of the aperture and arriving at the point of the first minimum is

d = (d sin q)/2.44.

Here d is the diameter of the aperture, and the factor of 2.44 comes from mathematical functions describing circular geometry. As mentioned above, when the light rays cancel to produce the first minimum, this path difference must be l/2. Setting these two expressions for path difference equal to each other, we get

l/2 = (d sin q)/2.44

l = 2(d sin q)/2.44 = (d sin q)/1.22.

For small angles, sin q is approximately equal to tan q, so

sin q ~ tan q = y/D = 1.22 l/d.

Thus the location y of the first minimum depends on the aperture size d, the distance D between the aperture and the screen, and the wavelength l.

Application

In an optical storage device such as a CD-ROM or DVD, laser light is focused by a lens onto the surface of the disk. The lens, while focusing the light, also serves as a circular aperture. Thus, the light coming out will produce an interference pattern on the disk. If more than one bit falls inside the central bright spot, the bits cannot be resolved and information will be lost. This limit of resolvability is described by the Rayleigh criteria:

sin q £ 1.22 l/d.

The bit must be no smaller than a circle of radius r, where

r/D = tan q~ 1.22 l/d.

r ~ 1.22 lD/d

Theoretically, one could decrease this minimum bit size in three different ways: using a laser with a shorter wavelength l, decreasing the distance D between the lens and the disk, or using a lens with a larger diameter d. Moving the lens closer to the disk or using a larger lens might seem the simplest ways to reduce the diffraction pattern, but D and d are in practice tightly constrained. Laser light passing through the lens will be focused to the smallest spot at the focal point of the lens, so the disk-to-lens distance D should equal the focal length of the lens. Thus D is determined by the lens and cannot be arbitrarily varied. Manufacturing constraints on lenses also limit the width d of the lens. Photographers are familiar with the f-number, or f-stop of lenses. This represents the ratio of focal length D over diameter d of the lens. Lenses with large f-numbers such as f/8 or f/16 are relatively easy to produce. As the f-number decreases, the difficulty increases, and lenses with f-numbers less than 1 are very rare. Thus the ratio D/d will be greater than 1(and probably more like 5) for the mass-produced lenses in CD drives. This leaves us with the option of reducing the laser wavelength as the most promising way to decrease the minimum bit size in optical storage.

One of the reason's DVDs can hold more data than CD-ROMs is that they use a shorter wavelength of light, so the resulting diffraction pattern on the disk is smaller. Bits may then each occupy less space, so more bits fit on a disk. Your handout from Ron White's book discusses additional reasons that DVDs store more data than CD-ROMs.

Summing it Up

This reading assignment has a lot of information stuffed into a few pages of text. Many of the equations have been included to prove the few relationships we will need. You will not be asked to repeat any of those derivations, but you should take away with you the following key concepts:

-

Light passing through a circular aperture is diffracted and produces a ringed diffraction pattern.

-

For two objects to be resolved with such light, they must not both lie within the central maximum.

-

The size y of the central maximum can be reduced in three ways: decreasing the distance D between the slit and the screen, increasing the diameter d of the aperture, and decreasing the wavelength l.

-

In practical applications (like CD-ROMs), the aperture size d and distance between aperture and screen (data) D are severly constrained. Thus adjusting the wavelength becomes the most effective way to decrease the size of the diffraction pattern and thereby resolve smaller objects.

Suggested Additional Reading

All sources for Additional Reading are on reserve at the library or available for perusal in the instructor's office. Students are encouraged to access these readings, as they provide photographs and illustrations not available for inclusion in these web-based readings.

How Computers Work, by Ron White.

The HowStuff Works Web site's CD page

Notes by Professor Kelin J. Kuhn for his EE courses: Audio Compact Disk - an Introduction, and Audio Compact Disk - Reading and Writing the Data. (These are from a link at HowStuffWorks.) These get a bit technical at times, but they present a much more complete picture of CDs than White's book does.

Any introductory physics text, such as Fundamentals of Physics by Halliday, Resnick and Walker.

Copyright © 2000-2002 Doris Jeanne Wagner. All Rights Reserved

 May 2011 Not Posted s.b. #35NP

 

 

 

5/17/2011, 08:31 AM #38

Here is more detailed speculation on the speculations in the last content post which included the statement, “Gravity is an imbalance in the inflowing wave component of the standing wave pattern that has established the presence of mass”.

 

One might ask what I mean by an imbalance in the inflowing wave component. The answer starts from speculation of standing waves that establish and maintain the presence of matter via two wave energy components, inflowing wave energy and out flowing wave energy. The inflowing wave energy is coming from the out flowing energy of matter that is or was present elsewhere. The out flowing waves from elsewhere traverse the wave energy space between objects of matter in a manner similar to how waves flow across and through other waves on the surface of a pond except we are talking spherical waves in a sea of spherical wave energy where waves are generated from different sources and are of different frequencies.

With that explanation of the source of the inflowing wave energy, to answer the question of what I mean by “imbalance” I invoke relative motion and the effect motion has on wave frequency that arrives to a standing wave particle from elsewhere. The imbalance is an imbalance in the frequency of the inflowing wave energy because matter is in motion relative to all other matter and that motion affects the frequency that is felt by the matter that is being maintained by the inflowing wave components from elsewhere.

That statement might raise the question as to the source of the relative motion in the first place. To answer that I remind the reader that we are speculating about events that are taking place within a given arena that is expanding due to dark energy speculated upon earlier in the thread. That arena is almost immediately filled with dark matter produced by high energy waves in the early moments after a big bang type of event when they encounter the surrounding background wave energy that I call the Universal Cosmic Microwave Background Energy (UCMBE). Those encounters are the speculated source of the initial high density spots that originate in any new arena. During the brief moment of their existence these initial high density wave convergences or spots have location and momentum imparted to them as they form. The expansion energy for the big bang event is transferred to expansion momentum of the high density spots during their brief moment of convergence and so they can be said to be moving away from each other during the moment of their initial existence. That expansion momentum is the source of the initial motion of stable particles that form within the new arena.

You must always keep that perspective because without it there is a tendency to wonder why, if gravity exists in the fashion I describe, the entire universe doesn’t collapse into one final and eternal big crunch. It is the arena process with its energy density limit (contraction effect) and the bounce (expansion effect) following the wave energy density collapse that prevents it and maintains the arena landscape of the greater universe. Being within any give arena is a circumstance that has to do with the arena composition of the greater universe and the arena process where arenas form and mature and overlap to give rise to new expanding arenas composed of the remnants of the old ones in the space where those mature expanding arenas overlapped.

In the last post I went on to say, “The imbalance causes the location of the high density spot that is being maintained by the standing wave pattern to reorient itself in the direction of the net highest energy density wave inflow surrounding it.”

 

Remembering the arena process that maintains the arena composition of the greater universe is useful here. At the micro level it is the process of quantum action that maintains the presence of matter just like at the macro level it is the arena process that allows for the required environment for quantum action to take place. The processes of arena action and quantum action are strikingly similar in their mechanics though the details of collapse, bang, and the resulting expansion are easier to envision at the macro level. And even if you now acknowledge the existence of high density spots where inflowing energy waves converge from different directions, and even if you acknowledge the imbalance in inflowing wave frequency, you might not yet equate what happens in the space where such a convergence takes place with what I just referred to as a “reorientation that has a directional component”.

The reorientation is the result of energy density equalization that takes place in the high density spot at the “moment” presented each time waves converge. If the convergence is a passing event (as it is with dark matter) like waves passing through each other without achieving the standing wave characteristic then the high density moment is too short to allow meaningful reorientation and there is almost no reorientation and almost no gravity felt in the “moment”. Only when the high density spot is maintained by the synchronization of the two wave components, inflowing and out flowing wave energy, is there enough duration in the high density “moment” for meaningful reorientation to occur.

The duration of the high density effect is perpetuated by the standing wave process. Once the high density spot is maintained for some extended duration by synchronized inflowing and out flowing wave energy components the reorientation has sufficient time to occur.

… To be continued … with some more detailed speculation about the “reorientation” and how it is important to the gravitational effect of standing wave particles.

 

5/18/2011, 08:52 AM #39

Picking up where I left off … “The duration of the high density effect is perpetuated by the standing wave process. Once the high density spot is maintained for some extended duration by synchronized inflowing and out flowing wave energy components, the reorientation has sufficient time to occur.”

I have speculated that there is a process called energy density equalization. It is a process that occurs within any given energy environment. An energy environment can be very small like the high energy density patch of space at the convergence of spherical energy waves, or very large like an arena or like the overlap space that occurs when two parent arenas intersect and overlap as they expand.

Statements from earlier in the thread about the energy density environment:

“Energy density of an environment in QWC is the energy represented by all of the energy waves in that environment.”

“The definition of an energy density environment in QWC is that any volume of space that contains energy can function as an environment as long as the energy in that environment can be equalized across the environment. The density of a gas equalizes in its container, the density of a liquid free of gravity equalizes in spherical drops, etc.; energy density trends toward equalization in any given energy density environment. Particles will equalize their density across the environment, and if the energy environment is within a particle space, a tiny place, the wave energy converging in that space trends toward equalization too, meaning that the converging peaks of wave energy occupy the same space and the wave energy in that space is equal to the sum of all the wave peaks that are converging there.

“Wave identity and direction is lost in the disturbed space and the energy in that space is equalized to represent one single high density spot for one short instant. That high density wave energy bursts out of the spot spherically as if it was a pin hole in space, i.e. spherically and synchronized equally in all directions even though the inflow is unsynchronized. Energy density equalization has occurred within the particle space and is disbursed equally in all directions by the emerging spherical quantum wave of energy.”

From the above, I continue:

 

Energy density equalization occurring in the high density spot that is being maintained by the two standing wave components produces a durable stable particle. We stated that particles always have relative motion imparted to them by the expansionary environment in which they form and I am speculating that the stable spot moves relative to other particles initially because of that expansion momentum. Equalization affects that motion by adding a contributing factor called momentary reorientation or gravity. Without the reorientation, the motion would be purely relative expansion momentum of the particle imparted to it as it formed among other particles in the early moments of arena expansion.

The gravitational effect is the added contributor and results from the reorientation of the boundary of the particle. The particle boundary is a new concept that I employ to speculatively quantify the change in location of a particle.

The imbalance is resolved internally by that equalization and the out flowing wave is a new spherical wave that bursts out of the high density spot and disburses the out flowing energy equally in all directions, i.e. the out flow is synchronized and quantized relative to the location of the particular high density spot that produces it.

The boundary of the particle is the internal space of the spherical wave at the instant that it emerges as the out flowing wave component. The boundary location of the out flowing spherical wave changes in response to the imbalance of the wave frequency of the inflowing wave component. Motion is toward the vector of the wave energy inflow that points to the net high energy wave frequency surrounding the location of the high density spot. The particle constantly moves toward the source of the highest inflowing wave energy from surrounding out flowing waves arriving from other particles. Thus the particle motion is now speculated to be composed of the initial expansion momentum of the particle and the gravitational effect of quantum action within the particle.

That brings us to my earlier statement: “Gravity allows clumping at short distances while expansion momentum resists clumping as the distance increases.”

That statement represents the derived speculations that define the maturation process that takes place within each arena as particles, particle charges, atoms, molecules, stars and galaxies form within the expanding arena.

 

05-28-11, 11:26 AM, #40

I had some time I used recently by recapping the posts in this thread with some corrections and edits :

https://docs.google.com/document/pub...GypQEd_s_w3txc

And if you zoom in here you will see the Maple Pavilion where I wasted all that time, lol.

http://maps.google.com/maps/ms?hl=en...ad99d16a8eb815

 

05-31-11, 01:35 PM, #41

 

I’ve been following the thread, Relativity and Simultaneity, at SciForums

http://www.sciforums.com/showthread....81#post2762181

The thread was originated by Motor Daddy. It was of particular interest to me because he introduces a new postulate in place of Einstein’s second postulate.

From Wiki on the postulates of Special Relativity:

1. First postulate (principle of relativity)

The laws by which the states of physical systems undergo change are not affected, whether these changes of state be referred to the one or the other of two systems of coordinates in uniform translatory motion.

2. Second postulate (invariance of c)

As measured in any inertial frame of reference, light is always propagated in empty space with a definite velocity c that is independent of the state of motion of the emitting body.

MD introduced the concept of a moving light box to clarify his objection to the second postulate.

He assumes he is in an inertial frame of reference in which a flash of light is propagated at a point and time in absolute space without knowledge of the motion of that frame relative to the point in space and time where the propagation took place.

He assumes that the point of propagation of light occurs at a fixed point in space at a fixed time regardless of the frame of reference.

There is some controversy.  Is there actually a point in space where that light is propagated that would be agreed upon by observers in other frames? MD’s answer is yes, if the frames coincided at the instant the light was propagated, then someone moving relative to the rest frame that hosted the point of propagation would see the light propagated at the same point in space and time.

According to the SR postulate that light propagates at c in all frames, we would all agree that the speed of the light observed from all frames as it is emitted propagates at c in all frames. I used “in all frames” three times in the sentence on purpose. The first “in all frames” is part of the postulate. The second “in all frames” is that the light was physically observed to be emitted as an event in all frames that coincided at the point and time of propagation in space. The third “in all frames” was that the light propagated at c in each inertial frame regardless of the relative motion of that frame to the point of emission.

The problem quickly comes to light. If the observers are correct, i.e. that the light was propagated at the same point in space and time in all frames, and if the SR postulate is correct, i.e. that light travels at c in all inertial frames that are moving relative to each other, then in order for the postulate to be true the speed of light would have to be independent of the point of emission unless the point of emission would be considered moving with the motion of the frame of the observer.

In other words there can be no absolute point in space and time according to the postulates of SR. Any point in space that coincides with multiple moving frames at the instant of an event is assumed to be moving with the frames and not fixed at a point in absolute space and time. All frames moving relative to the point in space and time of the event will effectively take their space and time with them as they move away from the coincident point in space.

MD’s Box lays out an alternative postulate. Light propagates at c from the absolute point in space where it is propagated.

His position is that if the light ray (see below *) that is emitted from that absolute point in space is observed from a frame of reference in motion relative to the fixed point of emission in space and time, the speed of the light would be measured at c + or – the difference in the rate of motion between the observing frame and the absolute point in space and time where the emission occurred.

(* or light sphere which is an in-phase composite of rays across a spherical light wave front expanding in space at c in all directions)

This means that MD’s Box is not in line with the terminology of Special Relativity. There is no absolute space or time in SR and there is in MD’s Box scenario.

However, MD says or at least implies that the fixed point in space and time is not an inertial frame; it is a point in absolute space and in absolute time that coincided with an inertial frame at the point in space and time of the light flash.

I come forward to agree that a light ray or expanding sphere of light has a physical presence in space and expands at c from the fixed point of emission in absolute space and time. We have agreed that the light sphere always expands at c relative to the fixed point in space and time, and therefore that point in space and time does not move in empty space or along the time continuum regardless of the motion of the frames that coincided with that point in space at the time of the emission.

My interest in MD’s Relativity of Simultaneity stems from my QWC speculations:

 

1) In QWC there is an arena process where arenas that emerge from Big Bangs have a fixed point in space from which their arena expansion occurs. Expansion of the arena extends out from that point in space presumably at the speed of light. Multiple arenas represent multiple fixed points in space and time.  Can an entire arena have motion relative to other arenas?  It depends on how wave energy is propagated through space.  Special Relativity implies the light sphere can move with the motion of the observer and always appear spherical to all observers.

 

Part of the controversy centers around the use of the word “absolute”.  In current theory there is no absolute point in space because everything is relative.  Some people interpret that to mean that a flash of light will expand spherically in all inertial frames of reference.  That view is quite popular because of Einstein’s Theory of Special Relativity.

 

Read and study it and you find that the math of Lorentz transformations works perfectly to show how variables like length and time will change between frames in order to bring all variables in agreement with a constant, a common denominator based on the invariant speed of light in vacuum.  Using those transformations to adjust between frames, the light sphere remains a sphere in all frames.

 

But common sense says that if light has an invariant speed in the vacuum of space, an object moving at relativistic speeds to a flash of light will see the shape shifted (relativistic Doppler shift) into an oval where the diameter in the direction of motion is smaller than the diameter perpendicular to the motion, hence, length contraction.  Then we realize that if the light sphere is not a sphere, the speed of light playing out as the oval expands cannot be invariant.  Hence, time dilation comes into the picture to say that the shorter distance of light travel in the direction of motion is a time measurement issue and that time passes slower in that direction and so it takes the same amount of time to travel from the point of emission in the direction of motion as it does perpendicular to the motion.

 

These transformations work mathematically but they also introduce the concept of length contraction and time dilation.  The cause of length contraction and time dilation in SR is not acceleration or gravitation, it is simply relative motion.  The cause of time dilation and length contraction in QWC is the tidal effect and the energy density effect.

 

I reject the notion of SR time dilation and length contraction in QWC.  If you say that time dilation has been proven by synchronized clocks or by careful measurements in cases of relative motion, you are correct.  However, in QWC that time dilation would have been due to differences in the energy density of the environment assuming that clocks run slower as the energy density increases.  Acceleration increases the energy density and gravitation increases the energy density, and so far, no time dilation is shown to occur without corresponding differences in energy density.  

 

2) Also, in QWC there is a process of quantum action that establishes the physical presence of particles of matter. Quantum action is characterized by high density spots that are momentarily fixed in space and time, and the standing wave concept of particles advocated by QWC is completely compatible with the concept of fixed high density spots in space and time, whether or not you want to call it absolute space and time.

 

The high density spot marks a point in space and time where a spherical wave of energy is emitted from the spot as part of the process of establishing the presence of matter.  It takes billions of these high density spots to represent the presence of a single fundamental particle like an electron or a quark.  If you could see closely from the QWC perspective into the fundamental particles of the Standard Particle Model, you would see a grand fireworks display, not literally because it is not light waves, but the spots would be forming and bursting in an awesome array where ever the particle presence exits.  The particle will be moving through space but the high-density spot will form at a point in space, burst, and emit a spherically expanding energy wave that is expanding equally at the speed of light in all directions.  As the particle moves, its hoard of high density spots seems to move with it but really the spots form and burst so quickly that the motion of the particle is not jerky but smooth.  As the spots re-form they do so in a slightly different location in space based on the motion of the particle because the particle has the stability afforded to it by its status as an energy environment and the spots represent contained energy, i.e. a particle is an individual energy environment within which the energy density equalizes itself relative to the surrounding environment.  The process of high density spot formation and burst is part of the process of energy density equalization within the particle.

 

3) In QWC gravity is caused by an imbalance between inflowing and out flowing wave energy associated with quantum action that establishes the presence of mass. The notion of fixed points of emission of out flowing gravity waves is completely compatible with the concept of points fixed in space and time as it is described relative to QWC Big Bang centers of gravity and particle high density spot locations in space during quantum action.

 

06-07-11, 10:35 PM, #42

I entertained myself by defining a new cult based on that important precept.

The Cult of Tentativeness

I declare the existence of a cult consisting of science professionals and laymen alike who adhere to the precept of tentativeness of science. In that cult are those who do not consider “non-falsification” of widely held consensus theories to be proof of those theories. That is a double negative but I think you can get the drift; non-falsification is not the same as proof of a theory. If you can agree with that you may be a cult member in the Cult of Tentativeness.

The cult applies to any widely held theory. You have to declare yourself a non-cult member in order to be excluded from the cult. You can do that in several ways. You can deny being a cult member or simply insist that non-falsification of SR (insert any consensus theory) is proof of SR (any consensus theory). That releases you from the cult and gives you non-cult status meaning you don’t accept the tentativeness of said Theory.

You can also declare yourself a non-cult member by proclaiming that only cranks and crackpots say the particular theory ________ (insert any consensus theory) is theory and not fact. That releases you from the cult.

Also, you can exclude yourself from the cult by flaming declared cult members for not accepting non-cult member status through denial of the precept of tentativeness or through acceptance of non-falsification of ________ (insert any particular consensus theory) as proof that said theory is reality.

Strangely enough that puts some reputable science professionals in the same group as professed cult members in the eyes of declared non-cult members because some science professionals acknowledge that one of the strengths of science is tentativeness, i.e. all science is subject to change and new facts are always possible that can lead to falsification of a previously held consensus. Science professionals who hold to tentativeness are undeclared cult members and do not have non-cult status until they declare non-cult status.

Many cult members, declared or undeclared, believe that all consensus theory is derived from the postulates, is or at least may be mathematically sound based on the postulates, and has not been falsified, but that it is not yet truth because of the precept of tentativeness in science (or because they believe that the postulates themselves do not precisely correspond with reality).

 

There is a time factor in the minds of many and if a theory has stood up under testing form a lengthy period of time, its tentativeness begins to evaporate.  Many theories will hold up until we have the ability to look deeper into particles and deeper into space, so no tentativeness evaporates with time, they either become falsified or superseded.

I am a cult member because I believe in the tentativeness of science.

Man up and declare your cult status, lol.

06-08-11, 01:28 PM, #45

I like the Cult of Tentativeness idea because as I define it, it recognizes known science and theory, it acknowledges that known theory has limits and incompatibilities, and it allows speculation done responsibly that goes beyond those limits and addresses the incompatibilities. Valid speculation must have an acceptable connection back to science done according to the scientific method. “An acceptable connection” means that all speculation must fall under the rules of reasonable and responsible speculation.

Reasonable and responsible speculation means starting with existing science, identifying axioms to address the unknowns and imponderables of infinity, and deriving the step by step, bottom up speculations from those axioms, without violating known observations and data.

Don’t get me wrong, my speculations depart from science and the scientific method and as such are not science and I don’t defend them as science or reality, but I now defend them as reasonable and responsible speculations allowed under the umbrella of the Cult of Tentativeness as I define the cult. It is easy to see that QWC, done under those guidelines, is not going to be of much interest to anyone unless they just like to contemplate ideas that are presented in a fashion that claims to be consistent with the above methods.

Since by definition QWC is of interest primarily to myself I’m changing my policy of open input from all members and am now invoking the requirement that only contributions from members of The Cult of Tentativeness will be considered for incorporation into QWC .

This will have no immediate impact on QWC because there is no input coming in, but I have been cavorting around in other SciForums forums and threads and might begin to attract some non-cult members and otherwise undesirable characters, and I just want to say, why bother with them unless they are cult members.

 

06-09-11, 03:11 PM, #48

Non-cult members have not come to grips with the possibility that the Big Bang might have been caused by physics that is non-Lorentz compatible, or the possibility that particles have internal wave energy composition that is not Lorentz compatible, and therefore the presence of matter, gravity and big bangs is not Lorentz dependent.

 

The cause of big bangs and the cause of the presence of particles create an environment where Lorentz transformations can be mathematically applied, such as within our expanding arena and outside of particle composition.  Both the formation and expansion of an arena and the wave energy composition and quantum action that establishes the presence of mass and gravity are not Lorentz compatible in QWC because they both feature spherical expansion in space that would not be viewed as spherical from moving reference frames.  The expanding energy waves of big bangs and high density spots within particles will be viewed as ovals in frames moving relative to the spherical wave emission, a point in space that does not move.

 

SR can’t live with that.  In QWC, motion causes the oval view in the same way that the view would look if Lorentz transformations were considered purely mathematical adjustments of the length and time variables, i.e. the moving observer who could see the whole sphere would see it as an oval and would have to do math to figure out what he would be seeing if he was at rest relative to the point of emission of the sphere.  But that is not what SR implies.  SR implies the every observer will see the sphere and not the oval.  In SR, if you apply QWC logic, the oval is what the observer at rest concludes would be seen by moving observers but all observes in SR can consider themselves are rest within their frame and so must see the sphere and not the oval.

 

 

06-10-11, 08:20 AM, #49

I have re-written my 100 word description of the Philosophy of Quantum Wave Cosmology:

The natural universe is infinite and eternal, composed of wave energy which, through synchronization, establishes the presence of mass and gravity sustained by opposing forces of expansion and collapse, perpetually refreshing energy’s usefulness across the landscape of the greater universe where expanding arenas disburse and merge and within which life is generated and evolves, forever assuring the presence of intelligent contemplative individuals who consider that God and the universe may be one in the same and who find that humility, self respect, charity, and faith in nature are cornerstones of life in which meaning and purpose are found from within.

 

 

06-13-11, 11:07 AM, #58

 The common ground post:

If, with no known cause, the Big Bang, the presence of mass, and the presence of gravity have not been defined algorithmically, and if anything that seems to be non-algorithmic has natural causes that we just don’t yet understand, then we can say that the Big Bang, the presence of mass, and the presence of gravity have natural causes which places the supernatural into a context of being part of as yet undefined nature and that nature is algorithmic, i.e. repeatable and dependable.

I personally characterize unexplained observations and data like the presence of mass, gravity and our Big Bang as acknowledgements from the boundary between science and the unknown but maintain that the unknown has natural algorithmic causes. An acknowledgement is something that we can observe and can take as confirmation of an algorithmic aspect of nature without understanding the algorithm, i.e. an unexplained observation or event. The philosophy then is that those acknowledgements from the unknown are simply part of the algorithmic repeatable and dependable natural and eternal universe.

That is the QWC common ground with religion, i.e. we can view God and nature as one in the same. Anything that we acknowledge as an act of God like answered prayers, miracles, or the Big Bang, have natural causes that we don’t yet understand, but that we believe are repeatable and dependable. That is faith in nature.

We long ago realized that new thinking is the key to breaking down the barriers of theoretical incompatibility that block a wider understanding of nature. This applies to the incompatibility within science and the incompatibility between science and religion.

Though all science is tentative, the QWC universe itself, with all its arenas, hospitable environments, and free willed life forms that come and go across its infinite and eternal landscape, is as it should be and could be no other way because anything defined by natural laws that have always existed never had an opportunity to be governed by different laws. Again QWC and religion can find common ground in infinity and eternity.

Those concepts, combined with the QWC axioms and their derived “truths” make up the cosmology and the philosophy of QWC. I happily proceed with my own particular type of delusion as I sometimes say to appease the non-cult members.

******** End of Common Ground post ********

 

Link to Google doc

good

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1VCNcHSHepi04RJH2qfhPMRy1UZTQDGypQEd_s_w3txc/edit?hl=en_US

 

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1VCNcHSHepi04RJH2qfhPMRy1UZTQDGypQEd_s_w3txc/edit?hl=en_US

 

 

 

06-15-11, 12:53 PM, #59

 

Combining posts #59 and #60

 

From Cosmology to Philosophy and Back

After going through the process here at SciForums of revisiting QWC, presenting the axioms and derived speculations, rewriting the philosophy of QWC, and presenting the “Common Ground” post, I now bounce off of the self-imposed limit to word density and expand the 100 word philosophy into a new list of 21 axioms and major derived “truths” that correspond to the speculative cosmology of QWC:

These are the 21 numbered axioms and derived speculations for future reference.

1. The universe is infinite and eternal

2. Energy is all there is and cannot be created or destroyed

3. Anything that appears non-algorithmic has natural causes that are algorithmic

4. The two major forces are expansion and collapse

5. Both major forces are expressed as wave energy

6. Matter is caused by synchronized inflowing and out flowing wave energy

7. Synchronized wave energy forms particles that contain energy

8. Out flowing wave energy is spherical and equal in all directions

9. Gravity is caused by a net directional imbalance in inflowing wave energy

10. Relative momentum causes a net directional imbalance in inflowing wave energy

11. Expansion momentum is imparted to matter as it forms in an expanding energy arena

12. Expanding arenas intersect and overlap across the landscape of the greater universe

13. Gravitational collapse of matter in arena overlaps reaches maximum energy density limits

14. Collapse bounces into expansion at the point of maximum energy density

15. Matter is negated by gravitational collapse and reforms during arena expansion

16. Our extended Hubble volume arena is an expanding environment where matter reformed

17. Life is generative and evolves to intelligent free willed life forms in expanding arenas

18. Intelligent life contemplates the nature of universe

19. An intelligent conclusion is that God and the universe are one in the same

20. An infinite and eternal universe is as it should be and could be no other way

21. Science is our tentative knowledge of the nature of the universe

Numbers 12, 13, 14, and 15 imply the formation of big crunches, the collapse of those crunches that forces matter and energy to the maximum possible energy density, and off of that maximum density there is a bounce which reverses the collapse into expansion. The expansion occurs after the existing matter in the crunch is negated to the wave energy that was contained in the particles of matter. It is the wave energy released from the containment of matter that provides the energy for the bounce. This type of QWC event refreshes the usefulness of the energy in the matter that entered the crunch and thus the energy is conserved and entropy is defeated.

Our Big Bang was such an event, and the landscape of the greater universe is composed of such events. That infinite and eternal landscape is characterized by arenas forming after bounces and then overlapping and crunching and bouncing. Each new arena contains energy contributed by multiple previous arenas whose galaxies and EM were captured in the overlap space.

… To be continued …

 

06-17-11, 11:44 AM, #61

 

To be added to QWC 2011 at SciForums from previous threads, modified and updated:

Discussion of arena time frames (reasonable and responsible speculation about quantification of time frames leading to the start of a new arena and through the maturation of that arena)

The Arena Clock and Time Frame of Preconditions

The following quote from Laure Mersini-Houghton (LMH) seems appropriate to introduce the concept of multiple arenas and their formation from events that occur on an on-going basis across the landscape of the greater universe:

http://arxiv.org/abs/0909.2330

Scientists continue to wrestle with the enigma of time. Is time a dynamic or a fundamental property of spacetime? Why does it have an arrow pointing from past to future? Why are physical laws time-symmetric in a universe with broken time-reversal symmetry? These questions remain a mystery. The hope has been that an understanding of the selection of the initial state for our universe would solve such puzzles, especially that of time's arrow.

In this article, I discuss how the birth of the universe from the multiverse helps to unravel the nature of time and the reasons behind the time-reversal symmetry of our physical laws. I make the distinction between a local emerging arrow of time in the nucleating universe and the fundamental time with no arrow in the multiverse. The very event of nucleation of the universe from the multiverse breaks time-reversal symmetry, inducing a locally emergent arrow. But, the laws of physics imprinted on this bubble are not processed at birth. Time-reversal symmetry of laws in our universe is inherited from its birth in the multiverse, since these laws originate from the arrowless multiversal time.

LMH is an Assoc. Professor of Cosmology, Particle Astrophysics, String Cosmology, High Energy Physics, in the Department of Physics and Astronomy, at the University of North Carolina, and has interest in Early and Late Times Universe, Dark Energy, Observational Constraints on Theoretical Models in Cosmology, Phenomenological Implications of String Theory, Transplanckian Physics, Extra Dimensional Scenarios and Brane-Worlds in Cosmological Issues. I have adopted her as my personal physicist.

I became aware of her work by viewing the six episodes of, “What Happened before the Big Bang”, the BBC Horizon 2010 series on YouTube.

Of course in a multiple Big Bang universe like QWC, each new arena has preconditions. If events occurring at any given point in space were tracked back, an infinite length of time would have passed as endless events played out at that point in space. So if we could start a clock at the beginning of an arena and at a location in space that marks the center of gravity of the big crunch from which the arena emerges, we could quantify arena time for a particular arena originating at that point and expanding out from that point in space. For this discussion that point is fixed in QWC absolute space.

QWC absolute space is used for convenience in discussing a sequence of related events that occur that have a common origination point in space and in time. Over time, multiple events will happen at that point in space. If star A passes that point and then star B passed that point, from the perspective of QWC absolute space, star A moved into and out of that space followed by star B moving into and out of that space. Did that space itself move relative to other space? In QWC that answer is no, space is infinite and has always existed and space is simply where things happen.  Obviously relative motion occurs and events can occur in different inertial frames, but witnessing an event that occurred in a different frame cannot cause that other frame to move.  This means that an observer passing an arena would see it as an oblate spheroid in the distance instead of as an expanding sphere in his rest frame.

This series of posts is reasonable and responsible speculation about suppositions on what the time frames might be for the development and maturation of a specific arena. If a new arena starts at time zero (t=0) on that arena’s clock, and if we want to put a time frame on events starting with the primary preconditions, then the first major event is the intersection of two or more parent arenas back in time.

Each mature parent arena is like our own expanding observable Hubble volume of space filled with galaxies and galaxy groups all moving away from each other. When the intersection occurs between two parent arenas we can say that it marks a point in time that can be described as the start of the countdown to the formation and burst of a new big crunch. If the burst marks the t=0 point on the new arena’s clock, then the intersection that marks the start of the countdown occurs at t-n Arena Time, where “t” is the t=0 of the new arena, and where “n” is the number of years before t=0 when the intersection of the parent arenas occurs. For talking purposes let’s say that n=-10^12 or a trillion years before t=0.

In advanced QWC we speculate that “n” is dependent on the average spacing of arena “centers of gravity” throughout the greater universe. That would make the spacing dependent on the average energy density of the greater universe and so “n” is a function of the average energy density of the greater universe. Note that each arena has location in QWC absolute space but not relative momentum vs. other arena centers.  The fixed location is established when the arena forms and the arena does not move through space, it expands in preexisting space relative to its initial point of origin.  More on that in advanced QWC for similarly deluded laymen.

I’m using -10^12 years as the average period from the intersection of parent arenas to the burst of the new arena, but of course I am speculating. Some evidence may come along someday; the observation called dark flow could be a candidate for such evidence when better data and proper review takes place.

All arenas have an individual t=0 Arena Time but unremarkably the individual t=0 Arena Time cannot be tracked back to any major common event in the heritage of multiple arenas, i.e. there is no beginning of time to which all motion can be backtracked. Each arena has its own individual heritage and each tracks back to that point in time when its parent arenas intersected. Given that however, there is an expectation of consistency in the arena process and the unknown variable length of time that passes from the intersection until the burst is expected to fall close enough to the average to support that idea of consistency overall.

… To be continued …

 

06-18-11, 09:15 AM, #64

 

I just speculated about the length of time it might take for an arena to form from the overlap of two preceding arenas.

The new arenas of course are the way the greater universe defeats entropy and can exist eternally without suffering one of the final outcomes predicted by the current consensus cosmology where entropy becomes complete and there is no useful energy left.

Remember that my axioms have lead to these speculations in a step by step fashion. Even if you object to me speculating, the speculations are not baseless. I use axioms and the speculations are based on the axioms. The way to attack my speculations is to address the axioms and falsify them. But that would be the scientific way and we know that the flamers who are avowed non-cult members do not adore or adhere to the strengths of the scientific method.

Introducing Critical Capacity

So we can follow the derived speculations to the point that parent arenas quite similar to our own arena (that occupies our expanding Hubble volume of space) can intersect and overlap and give rise to new big crunches. The crunches are composed of the galactic material that has entered the overlap space from the expanding parent arenas. When the parent arenas overlap, the gravity of the galactic materials converging from the expanding parent arenas takes hold and defeats the expansion momentum of the material and causes the big crunch to form. These crunches will grow and reach thresholds and limits that will cause them to collapse, bounce off the maximum density limit, and burst into expansion to give birth to new arenas.

I have put a speculative time frame to the gestation period from arena intersection to the burst of maybe on average ~10^12 years for talking purposes, i.e. intersection (I) occurs at t-n; I=t-n.

I use the intersection of two parent arenas to mark the start of the arena clock to speculatively quantify the time frame involved. The overlap begins at the point in time of the intersection of the parents and it is expansion of both arenas that drives the increase in the volume of space and the amount of galactic material in the overlap space; they expand into each other's space. That said, we then come to the next major event, the point where the overlap has encompassed enough galactic material and debris from the parent arenas to equal the Critical Capacity required for a Big Burst.

I have an equation for the critical capacity threshold but it is trivial.

 

The equation is based on this graphic and simply equates the overlap portion of the two parents to the content of the two parents divided by 2, and when the equation equals 1, there is enough matter and energy in the overlap to assure critical capacity has been reached. The speculation is that there is a minimum about of energy required for all new arenas and a new arena is assured when the big crunch reaches that capacity.

Critical Capacity equates to an energy threshold because any quantity of matter and energy below that threshold will not produce enough compression to enable a crunch to burst into a new arena and all arenas will start out with that critical amount of energy.

Reaching the Critical Capacity Threshold (CCT or T1) is the longest phase of the ~10^12 years; let’s say that it lasts x% of n. If n=~10^12 and ‘x%’ is say 90% of that for talking purposes, we are talking about 900 billion years for this baby to reach critical capacity.

... To be continued ...

 

 

06-18-11, 01:13 PM, #65

Like I say, trivial. The intersection and overlap of two spheres produces volumes called caps and two caps form a lens.

I know the equation can be greatly simplified but I like to show it this way because my pea brain can see how the pieces in the graphic relate to the equation. The equation always yields the percentage of one "critical capacity" that is accumulated in the overlap space (the lens). When the equation yields a value of one, critical capacity has been reached and there is enough energy in the overlap to cause a big crunch to collapse and bounce into expansion according to the speculations of QWC.

 

6/19/2011, 01:44 AM, #72 (SZ post after some flaming posts, :))

Perhaps one of the most bizarre attributes of our species is our apparent need to engage in conflict over ideology and mere ideas, even when those concepts do not have any effect on the available resources or one's quality of life.

Then again, maybe such intellectual sparring is a means whereby we determine our status in our peer group, as determined by those who either accept/reject/tolerate our perspectives.

An interesting need that most have to accept one model over another, as it is discomfiting for many to hold more than one concept in mind at any given time. Either/or seems ever the dialogue, yet until a concept can be measured, why not enjoy the mental sampling of both, is ever my ponder.

Why are we such an intolerant species? What is gained or lost? Hmmmmm......

06-24-11, 11:13 AM, #92

I've been enjoying nature at the Maple pavilion today and taking that opportunity to edit some posts and update my thread summary. I added some content to post #41 where I brought in MD's moving light box idea and thought I would post the edited and updated content here in post #92 as well.

My interest in MD’s Relativity of Simultaneity stems from my QWC speculations:

1) In QWC there is an arena process where arenas that emerge from Big Bangs have a fixed point in space from which their arena expansion occurs. Expansion of the arena extends out from that point in space presumably at the speed of light. Multiple arenas represent multiple fixed points in space and time. Can an entire arena have motion relative to other arenas? It depends on how wave energy is propagated through space. Special Relativity implies the light sphere can move with the motion of the observer and always appear spherical to all observers.

Part of the controversy centers around the use of the word “absolute”. In current theory there is no absolute point in space because everything is relative. Some people interpret that to mean that a flash of light will expand spherically in all inertial frames of reference. That view is quite popular because of Einstein’s Theory of Special Relativity.

Read and study it and you find that the math of Lorentz transformations works perfectly to show how variables like length and time will change between frames in order to bring all variables in agreement with a constant, a common denominator based on the invariant speed of light in vacuum. Using those transformations to adjust between frames, the light sphere remains a sphere in all frames.

But common sense says that if light has an invariant speed in the vacuum of space, an object moving at relativistic speeds to a flash of light will see the shape shifted (relativistically Doppler shifted) into an oblate spheroid where the diameter in the direction of motion is smaller than the diameter perpendicular to the motion, hence, length contraction. Then we realize that if the light sphere is not a sphere, the speed of light playing out as the oval (oblate spheroid) expands cannot be invariant. Hence, time dilation comes into the picture to say that the shorter distance of light travel in the direction of motion is a time measurement issue and that time passes slower in that direction and so it takes the same amount of time to travel from the point of emission in the direction of motion as it does perpendicular to the motion.

These transformations work mathematically but they also introduce the concept of length contraction and time dilation. The cause of length contraction and time dilation in SR is not acceleration or gravitation, it is simply relative motion. The cause of time dilation and length contraction in QWC is the energy density effect and the tidal effect.

I reject the notion of SR time dilation and length contraction in QWC. If you say that time dilation has been proven by synchronized clocks or by careful measurements in cases of relative motion, you are correct. However, in QWC that time dilation would have been due to differences in the energy density of the environment assuming that clocks run slower as the energy density increases. Acceleration increases the energy density and gravitation increases the energy density, and so far, no time dilation is shown to occur without corresponding differences in energy density.

2) Also, in QWC there is a process of quantum action that establishes the physical presence of particles of matter. Quantum action is characterized by high density spots that are momentarily fixed in space and time, and the standing wave concept of particles advocated by QWC is completely compatible with the concept of fixed high density spots in space and time, whether or not you want to call it absolute space and time.

The high density spot marks a point in space and time where a spherical wave of energy is emitted from the spot as part of the process of establishing the presence of matter. It takes billions of these high density spots to represent the presence of a single fundamental particle like an electron or a quark. If you could see closely from the QWC perspective into the fundamental particles of the Standard Particle Model, you would see a grand fireworks display, not literally because it is not light waves, but the spots would be forming and bursting in an awesome array where ever the particle presence exits. The particle will be moving through space but the high-density spot will form at a point in space, burst, and emit a spherically expanding energy wave that is expanding equally at the speed of light in all directions. As the particle moves, its hoard of high density spots seems to move with it but really the spots form and burst so quickly that the motion of the particle is not jerky but smooth. As the spots re-form they do so in a slightly different location in space based on the motion of the particle because the particle has the stability afforded to it by its status as an energy environment and the spots represent contained energy, i.e. a particle is an individual energy environment within which the energy density equalizes itself relative to the surrounding environment. The process of high density spot formation and burst is part of the process of energy density equalization within the particle.

3) In QWC gravity is caused by an imbalance between inflowing and out flowing wave energy associated with quantum action that establishes the presence of mass. The notion of fixed points of emission of out flowing gravity waves is completely compatible with the concept of points fixed in space and time as it is described relative to QWC Big Bang centers of gravity and particle high density spot locations in space during quantum action.

 

06-24-11, 01:12 PM, #93

I also revised post #48 as follows:

06-09-11, 03:11 PM, #48

Non-cult members have not come to grips with the possibility that the Big Bang might have been caused by physics that is non-Lorentz compatible, or the possibility that particles have internal wave energy composition that is not Lorentz compatible, and therefore the presence of matter, gravity and big bangs is not Lorentz dependent.

The cause of big bangs and the cause of the presence of particles create an environment where Lorentz transformations can be mathematically applied, such as within our expanding arena and outside of particle composition. Both the formation and expansion of an arena and the wave energy composition and quantum action that establishes the presence of mass and gravity are not Lorentz compatible in QWC because they both feature spherical expansion in space that would not be viewed as spherical from moving reference frames. The expanding energy waves of big bangs and high density spots within particles will be viewed as oblate spheroids in frames moving relative to the spherical wave emission, a point in space that does not move.

SR can’t live with that. In QWC, motion causes the oval view in the same way that the view would look if Lorentz transformations were considered purely mathematical adjustments of the length and time variables, i.e. the moving observer who could see the whole sphere would see it as an oblate spheroid and would have to do math to figure out what he would be seeing if he was at rest relative to the point of emission of the sphere. But that is not what SR implies. SR implies the every observer will see the sphere and not the spheroid. In SR, if you apply QWC logic, the oblate spheroid is what the observer at rest concludes would be seen by moving observers but all observes in SR can consider themselves are rest within their frame and so must see the sphere and not the spheroid.

 

06-29-11, 12:29 AM, #94

Mainstream science has some well known inconsistencies. The consensus cosmology and the consensus particle model are not yet unified. Nature is unified and so the inconsistencies that exist represent incomplete knowledge and understanding of nature. We are held back by our limited ability to observe at the micro and macro levels and we don’t yet have a grand unifying theory.

My interests lie in the area of speculating about what we might find if we had the tools to observe the ultimate depths and farthest reaches of nature.

In order to make it easy for someone to read the topical content of this thread I periodically update a running summary document that includes revisions I have made to earlier posts and drops the off topic posts so a new reader can get up to speed with the least effort. But first let me do a little reorganization to bring in some content I posted elsewhere. In the thread called, “Continuous or discrete universe”, in the Physics and Math forum I posted some speculative views that I’ll bring over here to this Pseudoscience thread where they are more at home, lol. Here are two posts from over there for incorporation into this thread. I think they would fit best at the beginning of the thread so in the next recap I’ll fit them in up front.

Post 1

VoidSet, here we have, in less than a thousand words, my layman's essay on speculation about the nature of a fundamentally continuous universe as opposed to a discrete or digital universe. This describes an infinite and boundless greater universe and not a spherical universe but it does include a lot of spherical expansion like each big bang arena.

Let’s start out based on a premise that the foundational nature of the universe is continuous.

I’ll call it, “About Continuous Wave Energy that Traverses Space, a Premise”

Waves of what? Waves in what?

In regard to light, “waves of what” is electromagnetic waves. They are well defined and their source, means of propagation, and the nature of light makes up a good portion of what most students learn in physics. We can describe EM wave action by saying they are emitted by atomic and molecular dipoles, are propagated by transverse electric and magnetic fields, they carry energy, have frequency, wavelength, and they display both wave and particle characteristics.

And yet there is speculation about the nature of light and what makes it act the way we observe it to act. For example how curved in-phase light wave fronts seem to have rays at every point and vector perpendicular to the wave front of the curved plane surface and maintain that characteristic at every radius throughout their spherical expansion. Or how light passes through pin holes and even tubes smaller than the wave length and emerges as spherical wave fronts.

In regard to light, we don’t view the “waves in what” as a medium that all things move through, we view light moving via transverse self-propagating fields. But fields don’t just apply to light. Everything that traverses space is said to have a field through which the energy is propagated or associated with the force that initiates it. There is no action at a distance without a field as far as we can detect. Gravitational fields, electrical fields, magnetic fields, various other fields like the Higgs field, quantum field theory, the digital geometry of spacetime field (OK, maybe not that one, lol) … multiple fields everywhere seems to be the way the background of the universe is described.

Waves of energy can be contained and released by processes of nature but can never be permanently subdued or destroyed. They can be contained in particles by a natural process, and freed from particles as out-flowing waves that might leave the particle essentially intact or change the particle. Wave energy can be freed from the particles by destroying the particles and releasing various other particles along with some of the contained kinetic and/or wave energy. The more we experiment the more we learn, and the more we learn, the more we think there is to learn.

There are limits and thresholds governed by natural processes that control and orchestrate the flow of energy waves but there is no process that can create or destroy energy, and that is the law, and one that is clearly in the consensus. Once a particle is established, it is sustained for various durations, maybe by inflowing and out flowing wave energy, particle charge, spin, interacting particles and/or defined forces and yet the particle story is also incomplete, which stimulates more speculation. Are there gravity waves? How can we detect them? Are they high frequency or low frequency or both?

Speculatively, the space surrounding a particle is filled with wave energy, some of which is flowing toward, into, through, and around the particle and some of which is flowing within, out of, away from, and out from around the particle.

If there is a medium, the medium is wave energy itself as the wave crests and troughs continuously carry energy from their origin, flowing through each other and forming converging crests and troughs that form and diverge continuously. Wave action fills every point in space. If all energy is eternal and has always existed, then all space has always been filled with wave energy, and so speculatively, space filled with wave energy at all points is the medium.

Given that description of the background medium of wave energy, natural processes use the wave energy background to establish the presence of matter and nature uses the presence of matter and its gravity to perpetuate wave energy through collapse and expansion that play out within limits of wave energy density.

Expansion and collapse can speculatively characterize the nature of particles at the quantum wave level, maybe through synchronization or standing waves. At the grand scale of the greater universe, expansion and collapse is speculatively characterized by the gravitational collapse of matter composed of wave energy. Matter would collapse into big crunches and as a limit of matter compression is reached, crunches would collapse as the matter in the crunch succumbed to the gravitational compression. The collapse would occur as soon as the crunches reach a maximum density limit associated with matter. The collapse of the matter into the wave energy of which the matter is composed would be called a big bang.

The force of the collapse would bounce off of a maximum natural limit of wave energy density, i.e. nature does not allow infinite wave energy density, and as the maximum allowed density is reached during the collapse, the momentum of the collapse bounces off of the naturally imposed limit and into expansion. Expanding wave energy emerges from these big bangs and perpetuates the wave energy of the background of the greater universe.

Thus the premise that the foundational nature of the universe is continuous would be completely compatible with a cosmology of a boundless and eternal universe characterized by particles and big bangs that are in compliance with natural processes that orchestrate the expansion and compression of wave energy, the formation of matter from wave energy, and the negation of matter into wave energy through limits and thresholds at work in accordance with the invariant natural laws of the universe.

Post 2

VoidSet, I never did get a response from you about my post on how you could be living in an essentially spherical universe if our Big Bang was the one and only.

To avoid being channeled into current theories I think we can talk about foundational matters from a fresh viewpoint. Let’s make it axiomatic that space is filled with wave energy; gravity waves, EM waves, converging and diverging waves at all points in space as I supposed in my easy on the continuous nature of the universe.

And from that same viewpoint, let’s make it axiomatic that time is a continuum and simply passes at the same rate at all points in space instead to being entwined in the spacetime continuum.

These two postulates together can be used to derive a view of the universe.

Don’t get me wrong, time is entwined with motion. Everything takes time to occur, but the duration of events is a measure as time passes and in this view does not change depending on the perspective or motion that an observer has on the event. That different perspective only changes the time that will show on clocks in motion relative to each other, i.e. time dilation due to energy density differences between the environments of the clocks.

To be brief, in this view, time dilation as defined by SR is replaced by alternative ideas about the effect of wave energy density on the motion of matter through space. Gravitational fields cause time dilation because the intensity of wave energy density is greater near the surface of an object than it is at a distance from the object. Time dilation caused by acceleration is due to the wave energy intensity increase required to accelerate an object through the existing wave energy in all space. Hence both gravity and acceleration can cause time dilation because they require the energy density of the space occupied by the object to increase. This view also includes the speculation that particles of matter have a functioning rate and that rate is variable relative to the energy density of the environment. Acceleration can also cause length contraction according to the alternative ideas. So both time dilation and length contraction are part of the new view.

Given the axiom that time flows on a smooth continuum, then let’s take a freeze frame look at a patch of space at a point in time and digitize it. There will be high density spots where wave energy converges and low density spots where wave troughs coincide.

Because everything is in motion as waves traverse the wave energy background, each consecutive freeze frame, regardless of the duration between them, will show motion from one point in time to the next that will be portrayed as a change in the pattern of high density and low density spots. This would look like the cellular automation link in the earlier post.

There are an infinite number of different durations you could use between freeze frames but if there were preferred durations in nature, the continuous change due to wave energy motion could be digitized from a continuous wave energy flow by using the preferred duration. Don’t get ahead of me here because the result is not the same as the automaton.

A preferred duration implies that there is a natural process that applies to converging wave energy (which is the continuous fundamental nature of reality in this scenario) that takes a discrete length of time to occur. That process in my scenario is called quantum action and is characterized by what physically occurs within the high density spots that form and appear as waves converge. In the freeze frame these convergences are the high density spots that show up.

The “delta t” in a freeze frame sequence of snap shots could be set to correspond with one set of high density spots and show the start and end of quantum action in regard to that one synchronized set of high density spots.

Immediately it becomes obvious that there is not just one set of synchronized spots like in the automaton because during the quantum period that marks the duration of the quantum process, other high density spots form that were not the spots in the first frame or the spots in the second frame. Because we speculate that the duration is a function of the process of quantum action, we conclude that the presence of the spots from one frame, separated by the quantum period, to the next frame will represent only a portion of the high density spots that occur in the patch of space we are depicting. Stay with me on this.

Further we can conclude that the spots in the second frame are not the same spots as in the first frame, but are different spots formed by different wave energy convergences. The spots in the first frame have played out because waves continue on after they converge and flow through each other. In accordance with the quantum action process there is action that takes place as waves converge and that occurs during the brief duration of convergence before the waves have completely flowed on.

So what is that quantum process doing during the wave convergence, a brief quantum period to say the least? The answer might be that the process that takes a finite and discrete quantum period to occur is the processing of the converging waves that inflow to the high density spot. That processing results in out flowing waves that emerges from the spots slightly altered from their inflowing curved plane shape. Quantum action includes the equalization of energy density within the convergence space that occurs during the brief convergence period. That equalization results in the out flowing waves being spherical and equal in all directions, synchronized out flow, just as if the inflowing waves had passed through a pin hole in space (the space disturbed by quantum action) and emerged from the pin hole as spherically expanding waves.

So you see, VoidSet, in this continuous view of the natural universe we have the spherical nature of the universe at both the quantum level and at the Big Bang level. Do you like it?

 

07-11-11, 12:37 PM, #95

 

As is typified by the simple equation for determine the point that critical capacity is reached in the overlap of two parent arenas, I have hinted at some new physics that differentiates QWC from all other cosmologies. As I have so far described the scenario here and in previous threads on various forums, the power of the speculated new physics is aimed at conveying a sense of sameness from one arena to the next. QWC adheres to this consistency and sameness and not to the “at random diversity” of the multiverse that is where science has brought us as of these times.

QWC confronts what we don’t yet understand and speculates about a reasonable and responsible alternative. The “arbiter” of reasonable and responsible is me, self-appointed and saying what I think and not what you think or what you think you know. We don’t know, and I speculate. Do you? No one here so far has said they have any ideas about preconditions to the big bang. But it takes the likes of Laura Mersini-Houghton, and those she references in the footnotes to her latest paper, “Is Eternal Inflation Eternal?”, to offer up peer reviewed speculation that concludes that Lorentz invariance cannot explain eternal inflation because past incomplete inflation cannot be future eternal. You won't understand that unless you grasp the fact that there is no important current view of cosmology being considered that addresses the fact that a singularity at the beginning cannot result in a finite universe that is eternal.

Picking up the scenario where I left off, reaching Critical Capacity is a calm event relative to what lies ahead. So t-n+(nx) brings us to critical capacity at threshold T1, and using the average value of T1 as a consistent span of time in the formation of a typical big crunch, the period between T1 and t=0 is n-T1.

We can equate the finite energy content of the final phase of the big crunch and of the emerging new arena to the energy content of the matter and radiation that is captured in the overlap lens as of T1. The lens shape overlap between two intersecting spheres (the parent arenas) is a simplified version of the shape of the growing overlap and of course would be a truncated lens if more than two existing arenas are involved in the formation of the overlap (a concept consistent with a self sustaining lattice landscape to be discussed in advanced QWC) .

So T1 denotes a span of time and a threshold in the big crunch process, and also is associated with a consistent finite amount of energy in all of its forms required for the completion of a single big crunch that occurs somewhere in the arena landscape of the greater universe.

… To be continued …

 

07-16-11, 10:18 AM, #96

As the overlap of the parent arenas continues and T1 passes, more and more galaxies and clusters are being captured in the overlap due to continued expansion momentum imparted to them during the parent arena maturation process. A center of gravity is getting established in the middle of the overlap. This center of gravity will be the focus point of the future crunch and burst. The center of gravity is a QWC point in absolute space because the event that happens there will be considered to have no momentum relative to the centers of gravity of the parent arenas.

By the time Critical Capacity was reached at T1 this center of gravity was already crammed with a massive black hole that has captured whole galaxies and clusters and is accreting more at an accelerating rate. This growing Massive Black Hole (MBH) is the home of QWC Gamma Chaos, an environment of such acceleration and compression that even Gamma Rays cannot escape and the growing MBH is well on its way to becoming an Ultimate Black Hole (UBH) which is required for the Big Crunch to bounce and bang at t=0.

The nature of the contents of the growing MBH is speculated to be recognizable fundamental particles that are still functioning as evidenced by the growing gravitational attraction of the MBH. Particles cease to emit gravity when they are negated into their constituent wave energy in less than the required sufficient space for quantum action to occur; gravity ceases to be emitted by the wave energy from the negated particles.

Someone who has read about QWC will know that the big event that is coming is a collapse of the UBH due to growing gravitational compression on the existing particles. Each individual particle space has remained sufficient to allow the particles to function as particles up to this point. The collapse of the big crunch occurs when the force of gravity exceeds the ability of particles to maintain their individual space and an energy compression collapse occurs. As the collapse occurs the wave energy of the negated particles is compressed into the minimum possible space available at the maximum possible wave energy density allowed by nature. Infinite wave energy density is not considered possible in QWC. The bounce occurs as the compressed wave energy reaches that maximum density and cannot be further compressed. The momentum of the collapsing wave energy bounces off the maximum energy density limit and bursts into expansion typical of this big bang type of event.

… To be continued …

 

7/22/2011, 09:48 AM, #97

Before the collapse and bounce that heralds the new arena at t=0 there is another mentionable period of time. It is the period between T1 and L1, L1 being Limit 1 which represents the highest possible level of energy density in the universe, an absolute. We can define this interim period of time as t-n+(nx)+(ny) where ‘y’ is a percentage of n-T1 that it takes for the maximum possible energy density to occur at the core of the big crunch after critical capacity has been reached in the overlap space.

Limit 1 is speculated to exist because there needs to be such a limit in order for there to be an arena landscape characterized by a similarity between arenas and a sameness of physics among all arenas. Every time that L1 is reached anywhere in the universe it occurs inside a big crunch. Its presence foretells that there is going to be a big bang very soon. The only time factor to determine how long “pretty soon” is the time delay for the L1 condition to bounce back through the compression profile of the crunch. L1 is the beginning of the bounce which is a push back that represents the expansion potential of the big bang. As the volume of space occupied by the L1 condition grows, the expansion potential grows and when the expansion potential exceeds the compression of the un-negated big crunch there is not enough compression remaining to contain the bounce. The Big Bang occurs as the expansion potential of the L1 state is released.

The Limit 1 state, L1, represents the conserved wave energy of individual physical particles that were negated when the space they occupied collapsed the wave energy into a new physical state of energy called the dense state.

Dense state energy arises when the remaining individual particles of the dense particle soup of the big crunch are negated, i.e. stripped of their individuality by being restricted of sufficient space to function as individual particles. They give up that required space reluctantly under growing compression and at L1, the maximum possible density, all expendable space is spent by the remaining particles at the center of the soup. The reason that this is the maximum is because when it is reached the inward compression can no longer be absorbed at the core of the crunch and is reversed from inward wave action of the converging parent arenas to outward wave action of the new arena. The crunch is a building compression wave where the wave energy of the particles captured in the crunch is increased to a maximum frequency allowable by nature. When that frequency is reached at L1, the Big Bang Event is set into motion.

How long does it take from L1 to t=0, the Bang? If we can say that L1 occurs at t-n+(nx)+(ny), and if we put a value of 99.999999999% on ‘y’, then n-L1=0.000000001*900,000 years or about .0009 years which equates to a few hours, but like I said, these are for talking purposes.

Given that talk, it takes a trillion years from the time that two parent arenas intersect until the Big Bang announces a new arena, and the last few hours of the trillion years is just a time delay between the point in time where the maximum possible energy density is reached at the core of the crunch and the time when the crunch outwardly gives way to the compression bounce. Bang!

By the time the bang occurs the outward momentum of the energy potential of the crunch produces accelerating expansion in the first instant after t=0; expansion of the dense state energy into the existing space surrounding the big crunch. Thus ends the internal preconditions to the Big Bang ...

 

7/22/2011 3:41 PM, #98

I have modified this post from a Private Message and am including it in my current thread for future reference since this thread will become the outline for future QWC updates.

The PM: Many people who are familiar with Big Bang Theory, Inflation and General Relativity are not as familiar with multiverse cosmologies and one GR expert has recommended that I consult someone who is active in String Theory who might be better suited to answer my question (the question posed in another thread). Please consider Laura Mersini-Houghton as my counsel in regard to string theory and consider her referenced paper on “Is Eternal Inflation Eternal” as a current reference regarding the state of alternative multiverse cosmologies. Her paper and especially the footnotes provide a look at the current state of multiverse cosmology and if a pea brain like me or any smart guy were to be interested in understanding the multiverse alternatives, a thorough reading of the paper done with constant reference to the footnoted papers would be an excellent place to start and it can be done in an evening given your background.

I think I understand what you are saying about the use of the term Lorentz Invariance in regard to models of General Relativity. My references to curved spacetime in QWC generally amount to what replaces curved spacetime in my speculations. QWC acknowledges that in a body of physics laws that features an invariant speed of light there comes a point in the relative motion of objects where classical approaches fail because objects cannot be accelerated to the speed of light.

General Relativity solves the classical problems with math that sets the limit of relative motion to the speed of light and transforms the variables of time and distance between objects in relative motion by employing time dilation and length contraction. Thus the physics within which the universe operates is the same in all reference frames and for all reference bodies regardless of the relative motion of objects because there is a limit of c imposed on all relative motion.

QWC is compatible with the law that nothing but light can travel at c, but solves the problem by speculating that the limit is imposed by wave energy density. In QWC all space has wave energy density and the rate that light traverses space is relative to the energy density of that space. For example, the path that light follows can be curved (deflection) by passing through a lens of space that contains higher energy density like the space surrounding massive objects like stars. Accelerated objects act as if they are traversing space that contains higher energy density than the existing background wave energy density. The speculation is that the wave energy density of an accelerated object increases relative to an object at rest.

For the Google doc

 

Quantum Wave Cosmology 2011

 

This document starts with selected and edited posts from the thread QWC Revisited 2011, posted in the Pseudoscience forum at SciForums where I post as Quantum Wave.  It includes updated axioms and speculations developed at ToeQuest where I post as Bogie, and from other forums over recent years.

 

 

04-18-11, 10:19 AM #1

I am working on developing and evolving my personal view of cosmology and philosophy. I think I’m better able to state the axioms now than I have been before because I know better as I learn what the limits of science are. To me axioms that accompany a view of cosmology are meant to address those issues that science cannot yet address, the imponderables as I call them about the nature of the infinities that deal with the beginning, the boundaries, the limits, thresholds and processes of nature. This is an updated statement of Quantum Wave Cosmology (QWC) starting with axioms that to me personally serve as the self-evident and necessary truths from which QWC speculation is derived.

The limits of science are physical. We can observe the micro universe down to the internal components of the atom and we can manipulate the subatomic particles and gather data about their internal composition. We can observe the macro universe out to the reach of our best instruments like the space telescopes, radio observatories, and ever improving space based instruments.

Those are the frontiers of the science of cosmology.

Within the scientific community there is a peer review process that I think is responsible for presenting science in an orderly fashion to the layman community and I call that function the “peer reviewed consensus” of what we tentatively know for sure. It is the role of this consensus function to take responsibility for the material that is fed to the popular media so that the layman community will respect the scientific method and will not find frequent instances of backtracking in statements issued.

In my limited view and level of understanding of that peer reviewed consensus, we don’t know what causes mass and gravity, we don’t know what caused the Big Bang, we don’t know the age of the universe if there were preconditions to the Big Bang, we don’t know the extent of the universe, and we don’t know how to unify the forces of nature.

In QWC I deal with that lack of science by axioms and derived “truths” which all fall into the category of “reasonable and responsible” speculation. The axioms deal with what we cannot yet know due to the limits of our tools and ability to observe, and the derived truths are nothing more than speculations that I as a layman can go with. The scientific community is stymied in a way because they are limited to the scientific method which shuns unsupported speculation.  There is speculative talk but it is not advanced by peer review and is not offered officially to the layman community.  I find the ability to speculate is the tool that makes QWC better able to run with scenarios and “what ifs” than the legitimate scientific community can.

It is axiomatic in QWC that the universe has always existed; there was no beginning. It didn’t come from nothing, and if God did it we can’t prove it.

It is axiomatic that the universe is boundless.

 

The matter and the energy of the universe are potentially infinite in extent and no matter where you are in the universe it appears homogeneous and isotropic and has appeared essentially the same for eternity on a grand scale. That is referred to as the (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perfect_Cosmological_Principle)Perfect Cosmological Principle in the scientific community. In QWC the grand scale is referred to as the arena landscape of the greater universe with the existence of expanding arenas birthed by Big Bangs considered a necessary derived truth (speculation).

It is axiomatic that time simply passes. It is a derived truth that the observed fact that clocks run at different speeds during relative motion is a function of the relative energy density of the environments. The observed fact is that clocks run slower as they are accelerated and it is a derived truth in QWC that acceleration increases the energy density of the environment and that makes it appear that the rate at which time passes can fluctuate.

The actual rate of time passing does not fluctuate in QWC; time passes at the same rate at all points in space. That gives rise to the derived truth that there is a time continuum and any point in time which is called a “now” could be described as a “freeze frame” across the entire universe. Any motion that occurs between nows, regardless of the length of the time interval between nows, will represent the same duration at all points in the universe. That means that from one now to the next, the time interval is the same at all points in space regardless of relative motion. Therefore it is a derived truth that time dilation is a result of fluctuating energy density caused by acceleration and not due to the geometry of spacetime. In QWC space and time are components of all motion and time dilation is due to relative energy density of the environments where time is being measured to pass at different rates.

It is axiomatic in QWC that the time continuum passes smoothly at the level of reality meaning that the time intervals between nows don’t actually represent iterations of universal motion. The concept of iterations is derived from our inability to measure the time continuum at the level of reality because we are limited to clocks that operate in iterations.

It is axiomatic that energy is all there is. All space contains energy and energy exists as waves traversing space that is filled with the energy commodity. It is a derived truth that the presence of matter is composed of standing waves of energy with inflowing and out flowing components.

From the standing wave concept it is a derived truth that particles transform unsynchronized energy waves coming from surrounding space into synchronized waves exiting the particle equally in all directions. These equalized energy emissions from particles and objects traverse the space between objects and become the unsynchronized inflowing waves of other objects.

It is a derived truth in QWC that motion of objects in gravitational fields is caused by the process of energy density equalization that takes place within particles. The unsynchronized inflowing waves are transformed to synchronized out flowing waves by the process called quantum action that coincides with the establishment and maintenance of mass. The motion is a result of the shift of the presence of the particle toward the strongest net inflowing wave density as the converging unsynchronized inflowing waves are equalized into synchronized out flowing waves.

It is the scientific consensus that electromagnetic radiation consisting of waves across the entire electromagnetic spectrum is produced by oscillating dipoles consisting of charged atomic particles. It is derived truth that since particles themselves are speculated to be composed of waves of energy then there are two levels of order involved in electromagnetic radiation. One is the spectrum of wave energy that produces the presence of matter consisting of particles, and the other is the electromagnetic spectrum of wave energy produced by the oscillation of charged particles within atoms and molecules. Since both forms of wave energy traverse the energy commodity that fills all space, the frequency of those waves is the key to their perpetuation. Standing waves that produce matter are higher frequency than electromagnetic waves that are produced by matter.

In QWC tentativeness is an axiom. For example the observed and calculated expansion of the known universe is the consensus and is considered to be fact, but the scientific meaning of tentativeness is invoked and respected. If it were to be determined that the apparent expansion is actually an illusion, i.e. if new science could explain away the observed expansion then QWC would not need to derive the arena landscape concept and would revert to a steady state concept of the universe. I should point out that the arena landscape of the greater universe is itself a steady state concept on a grand scale that accommodates galactic separation (expansion) within arenas and derives the concept of arena overlaps that cause galaxies to collapse into big crunches which burst (big bangs) and generate new arenas from the debris of the overlapping parent arenas.

Those axioms and speculations derived from them constitute the primary QWC platform. Any observation of nature must be able to be explained by deriving explanations that are consistent with that platform or else the platform must be revised. I have the fun of maintaining the platform and the distinction of being the only person being deluded in quite this way.

 

 

04-19-11, 08:27 AM  #6

I’m a layman, I’m not doing science, and I’m not making any claims. I can see how it could rub science professionals the wrong way when I put a name like Quantum Wave Cosmology to my personal views on cosmology and I call myself Quantum Wave, because as professionals you have put in the rigor to become educated and proficient at what you do and you know that laymen like me haven't.  I’m asking about your views though because it seems to me that the scientific community has given much thought to the imponderables.

Granted, people actively engaged in their particular areas of science have too little professional time. Forum posting is limited free time which many would consider wasted by discussing these airy issues that are beyond science and the outlook for answers is bleak. I guess that puts my topic into the philosophical pseudoscience category, lol.

But it would seem to me that in the Pseudoscience or Speculation forums at reputable science forum sites frequented by professionals there would be people who could find time to converse with a layman about these topics.

Anyone interested in a philosophical pseudoscience discussion about any parts of my opening post and/or the following related speculations?

 

 

4/21/2011, 11:58 PM #15

I started with an axiom about the beginning. It is one of the things that the best science under the scientific method cannot tell us and there is no enthusiasm or confidence that science will ever be able to tell us if there was a beginning or not.

It sounds funny to say it this way but just because we are here doesn't mean that there was a beginning. The option that the universe has always existed is there for those of us who don't see merit in the alternatives that something can come from nothing or that a Creator God will be proved to exit by some irrefutable act or evidence.

In the meantime, in the absence of proof to the contrary and to use the terminology of axioms, I personally find it a necessary truth if not self-evident that the universe has always existed. I start from there.

 

 

4/22/2011, 08:08 AM #17

[Originally Posted by SciWriter

“Stuff having been forever is not possible since the 'elementals' are limited as well as having very specific particulars.”]

 

This thread is speculation. The first axiom addresses the universe as an entity that had no beginning. I don’t assume that all the same stuff or even the same particles have been present forever. Nothing but energy has always existed. Particle particulars are that energy is the component of particles, i.e. particles are composed of energy in quantum increments and are maintained by high frequency inflowing and out flowing standing energy waves.

 

[Originally Posted by SciWriter

“If forever, what would have been responsible for their definition? Or if just reduced to energy, which is still a real substance, then what and why of its amount and location and properties, too?”]

 

Yes, I am speculating that all is reduced to the energy commodity, the only commodity in the universe.

Energy as a real substance alone is not physical in the sense that it is matter. It is waves of energy traversing the energy commodity that is necessary to establish the presence of particles. Newton's bucket, Einstein's thought experiment comes to mind. I may not yet fully understand the thought experiment but at the time Mach had proposed that gravity was instantaneous and so the spinning bucket would feel the gravity from the distant and surrounding universe and the water would creep up the side of the spinning bucket. Einstein proposed that gravity was not instantaneous and it was the geometry of spacetime that would cause the water to creep.

In QWC, Newton’s spinning bucket would only exist for as long as the inflowing waves were available to sustain the standing wave pattern that makes up the particles from which the bucket and the water are composed. Standing waves have two components, the inflowing waves from all directions and the out flowing waves in all directions. If you did a thought experiment with a bucket of water spinning in otherwise empty space, i.e. you cut off the inflowing energy wave component of the standing waves, you wouldn’t have to worry about if the water would creep up the side of the bucket. The bucket and the water would immediately be disbursed at the speed of light into the surrounding empty space in the form of out flowing energy waves in all directions.

 

[Originally Posted by SciWriter

“The basis of the 'elemental' itself would still have to have been forever eternal and so it is almost the same to say that stuff was forever, but perhaps more accurate to say that stuff was always forever becoming.”]

 

Exactly; the stuff was not forever, the energy that makes up the stuff is forever in QWC.

 

 

04-22-11, 03:03 PM #18

My reference above to Newton’s bucket thought experiment is useful in explaining how QWC is differentiated from the geometry of spacetime but there are centrifugal and centripetal forces and absolute space issues at play too. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_centrifugal_and_centripetal_forces)

The distinction I am going for is that in QWC the bucket and water burst outward at the speed of light into surrounding space if the inflowing waves are cut off, i.e. if the bucket is surrounded by absolutely empty space.  Also, there is the difference between frame-dragging in General Relativity and the imbalance in the inflowing component of the standing waves in QWC. I think that in GR the water feels the frame dragging caused by the geometry of spacetime and in QWC the water creeps in an attempt to move toward the direction of the net imbalance in the inflowing wave density given the competing forces involved. As long as the dual wave flow is maintained, there is almost no difference in the effect caused by QWC gravity vs. the geometry of spacetime. When I get through the initial discussion of the axioms I will spend some time explaining the presence of mass and the cause of gravity in QWC and discuss that small difference.

In the mean time, the second axiom of QWC is that the universe is boundless. In my short discussion with KilljoyKlown I described the second axiom:

 

[Originally Posted by QW

“Hi KilljoyKlown. I think you and I have some similar speculations. If I may refer to my OP, the second axiom says, “It is axiomatic that the universe is boundless. The matter and the energy of the universe are potentially infinite in extent and no matter where you are in the universe it appears homogeneous and isotropic and has appeared essentially the same for eternity on a grand scale.” That is referred to as The Perfect Cosmological Principle, and from that link, “A cosmological hypothesis which states that the universe is on average homogeneous and isotropic, as well as constant in time.”]

 

This is a very useful axiom obviously. A boundless universe is spatially infinite. To use a syllogism, (the first axiom) the universe has always existed, (the second axiom) the universe is boundless (exists everywhere), so we have a universe that is infinite in space and time.

We do not know these two axioms to be true. They are issues that are not determined in modern cosmology and are not established using the scientific method. There is no provable answer to these “imponderables” and the consensus cosmology does not offer suggestions. That is why I deal with them axiomatically as if they were true, either self-evident or necessary truths upon which to build; from which to derive further logical truths.

I use the word “truth”, but truth is part of the terminology of axiomatic statements. That is just part of the language used and I don’t mean to delude anyone into thinking that an axiomatic truth is truth in reality. It is a figure of speech.

I use the word “derived” in regard to truths that follow from the axioms. Most understand that when I derive a truth from the axioms it is a logical truth and not a characteristic of reality.

Also there is no intention to delude anyone (you) into thinking that QWC is scientific theory. It is not; not under Popper’s philosophy of science nor any other philosophy, and I don’t propose any tests that would bring it in under the umbrella of scientific theory. It is just my personal set of views about cosmology.

 

4/23/2011, 10:44 AM #23

The third axiom is that time simply passes and that time is a continuum. Just saying time is a continuum is all the axiom needs to say but I want to associate time with the smooth flow of energy waves and I want to disassociate space from time except for the rate at which energy waves move through space relative to each other.

We measure the passing of time in many ways but our most accurate clocks count time in the tiniest possible consistent increments. In between the increments time is also passing and no matter how small the smallest increments are that we can measure time still passes between them. That is why I say time is a continuum. Any two points on the continuum are different times no matter how close they are together. Time always passes from one point to the next even though there are a potentially infinite number of points between any two events that don’t occur simultaneously. Don’t confuse the idea of an infinite number of points between two events with there being an infinite amount of time between two events. Time is a measurement and there cannot be an infinite amount of time between two events. Infinities cannot be measured.

We observe that acceleration causes time dilation.  In QWC we derive from the time axioms the speculation that acceleration has an effect on the energy density of the object in motion. The energy density of objects increases with acceleration. Gravitational time dilation is caused by differences and changes in the energy density of the environment of the clocks used to measure the passing of time. Anything that can accurately measure time measures time to pass at the same rate in the same energy density environment. For example the aging of the human body measures time in that sense. You will age slower relative to a person who is always at rest relative to your motion.

In QWC the fact that clocks show time passing at different rates does not violate the axiom or the derived speculation. It would only violate the axiom if time itself passed at different rates in different conditions of acceleration and relative motion. The difference in the rate of aging has to do with the energy density of the environment in which the aging takes place and not with the difference in the rate that time passes on the time continuum.

Using a freeze frame example, twins are born at a point in time on the continuum. One twin leaves on an endless journey and the other stays home. Each has an identical clock. Twenty years pass on the time continuum and then time is frozen at that point across the entire universe so that the twin’s clocks can be compared in their different locations. The traveling twin’s clock shows that only ten years have passed. The resting twin’s clock shows that twenty years have passed. The traveling twin appears ten years younger than the resting twin. Every indication is that time passed slower for the moving twin but the time continuum is the true time against which the effect of time dilation is measured.  Twenty years passed for both twins on the time continuum and this assumes that the twin at rest was at rest with absolute time.

 

It is quite reasonable to expect that the time that passes in different moving reference frames will not agree with the time that passes on the time continuum.  Moving reference frames are used to quantify relative motion and so in QWC they require are characterized by energy density differentials.  There is no identifiable location in the universe that a clock can be placed that will measure the passing of time at the same rate as time passes on the time continuum.  The idea that a time continuum as used in QWC actually exists cannot be proved but it is axiomatic in QWC.

An observed phenomenon that is explained by the curvature of spacetime can also be explained by the difference in the energy density. For example light passing near a star will move slower because the space medium near the star has higher energy density. The light will be refracted (http://www.flixya.com/blog/2861480/Eddingtons-Proof-of-Einsteins-Theory-of-Relativity-By-Way-of-Measuring-Deflection-of-Stars-Appears-to-Be-in-Error)

by the change in the density of the medium like light passing through a lens. Energy density of an environment in QWC is the energy represented by all of the energy waves in that environment. I’ll add to that when I discuss the fifth axiom.  (See pic #1)

I use this axiom to establish absolute time in QWC against which dilated time can be compared.

 

 

4/24/2011, 09:32 AM #24

QWC wouldn’t exist if there wasn't already huge movement in the scientific community to fill the need for a unifying theory. There is much being written and said in the popular media which laymen can read and understand that gives us clues as to what is going on in the scientific community. I consider the largest issue to be the difference between the science that focuses on the micro realm, quantum mechanics, and science that focuses on the macro realm, general relativity. Everything is cool until you get concerned with extremes of mass and size. Very high mass and very small size presents problems in both QM and GR.

The problem seems to me to center around what I call energy density which is probably different from what a professional in either QM or GR would define it. I define energy density as the wave energy content of space (definition).

The fifth axiom of QWC is that energy is all there is. I know it can be seen as a cop out in QWC but I see everything as being composed of energy in the form of energy waves. I say it can be seen as a “cop out” because the nature of energy in science has been more about the ability to do work than the basic commodity out of which everything in the universe is composed. Science, in the absence of any evidence of a medium through which waves can be propagated has left the aether behind and moved on to the geometry of spacetime. If you consider my view, the energy commodity fills all space and waves that traverse the energy commodity are energy waves, waves being energy carriers. Matter is composed of quantum waves, i.e. energy in quantum increments.

I speculate that these waves are everywhere and are coming and going in all directions at any point in space and have a wide range of frequencies. The energy commodity is never at rest anywhere.  Wave energy would represent the energy background and within that background there are converging waves at any point in space. In the absence of matter these converging waves are unsynchronized which to me is another way of saying they are unquantized.

Matter is composed of wave energy and the operative characteristic is synchronization. When the converging waves become synchronized the presence of a particle exists. Particles that pop up in the chaotic unsynchronized background might do so out of chance or probability or might do so more predictably out of circumstances associated with recurring events like big bangs that establish the conditions for particle formation within expanding arenas like our observable universe.

From the fifth axiom, the premise that wave energy exists at all points in space, I derive the speculation that there is a process that establishes particles with duration and stability.  I call that process the standing wave process. Standing waves have two components, the inflowing waves from all directions and the out flowing waves in all directions. Though that may sound just like the way I described the background energy, i.e. energy waves converging from all directions, I speculate that it is the synchronization of out flowing waves that differentiates the particle from the background.  Synchronization produces an environment where wave crests have duration because the inflowing waves equal the out flowing waves, much like can be observed on the surface of a pond as waves from various directions produce crests and valleys that seem to stand still.

Synchronization is a process that begins with the converging waves of the background. The point of convergence becomes organized such that there is a tiny disturbed patch of space where energy density equalization begins. Once a particle space exists this equalization process becomes contained in that space and the quantum action that requires energy density equalization becomes established and is sustained by the inflowing and out flowing wave energy.

At that stage newly formed particles are not much more than sustained high energy density spots like those wave crests that seem to stand still or that drift slowly across the surface of a pond.  But particles contained and sustained by spherical waves in the energy background are the starting point for the formation of matter. The inflowing waves are unsynchronized, synchronization takes place in the disturbed space, and synchronized (quantized) waves flow out of the particle’s space equally in all directions, i.e. the synchronized out flow is quantized.

The high density spots are pre-matter and I speculate that they are dark matter that occupies space and stands out from the background but has no electromagnetic characteristics. More on that later…

 

 

4/24/2011, 12:07 PM #25

It probably isn’t an axiom in the scientific sense but in QWC I consider everything to be tentative, and that is the sixth axiom. Tentativeness is considered to be strength of science and though QWC is far from scientific, tentativeness is the key.  The less tentative the science, the stronger that science is. I spout off about axioms and step by step speculations but it is even more appropriate to consider anything I say about QWC to be more “tentative” than any established science.

If I speculate about something I usually don’t have the rigor behind it that would be expected in the scientific community and so it goes without saying that I am ready to invoke this axiom and change my speculations when I learn that I have violated known science, observations, or data. I have done it time after time and have always acknowledged the source of the changes whether it was from some poster who took exception to my bold speculations or from my own research. I always encourage corrections and suggestions about alternative ideas. QWC is the accumulation of years of reading and posting in many forums, paying attention to comments, and making corrections and improvements.

As for ideas, almost every concept that I include has been thought of by someone in the scientific community, maybe not in peer reviewed publications, but what I’m saying is that QWC ideas aren’t my original ideas, they are most often inspired following what the popular media publishes about interviews and developments in the scientific community.

For example here are a few links on the topic of Gravitomagnetism that I am following that tie in with my layman’s discussion of Newton’s bucket that I will be expanding on:

http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2004/19apr_gravitomagnetism/

http://www.lares-mission.com/curricu..._ciufolini.pdf

http://sciencewatch.com/dr/fmf/2011/.../11janfmfCiuf/

http://encyclopedia2.thefreedictiona...tal+precession

 

 

4/25/2011, 11:04 AM #26

Let’s boldly put this post under the heading of An Introduction to Deriving the Presence of Particles from the QWC Axioms.

In the OP I mentioned the six axioms and in the posts following it I tried to describe why I selected those particular premises. Derivations from those axioms are what I call speculations or derived truths. I derive the nature of matter speculatively from the axioms and on that basis I have a personal view of what causes its presence. My derivations won’t do much to satisfy anyone but me but in a personal cosmology that is an important criterion. I post about QWC because the steps that compose it are numerous and inter-related and posting is an exercise to organize my personal views on cosmology. Cosmology to me includes the both the micro and the macro realms and covers the same territory as quantum mechanics, General Relativity and Big Bang Theory, but in an fashion unrecognizable to those in the “scientific community” :).

The axiom that energy is all there is allows the derived speculation that matter is composed of energy. That is not a very wordy statement and it is not a claim. It is a derived truth in QWC. If the axiom is falsified then the speculation is invalid but in the meantime matter being composed of energy is the tentative consensus of those who do QWC, i.e. of mine.

Another speculation can be derived from the “matter is energy” speculation. If particles are matter, and if matter is energy, then particles are composed of energy. That brings us to the question of how particles can be composed of energy and I speculate that energy is carried by waves.

The question comes up, waves of what, and that is where I speculate that energy is a commodity and waves can traverse the energy commodity, so energy waves traversing the energy medium are what particles are composed of. I speculate about the energy commodity being characterized by waves coming and going at all points of space. I speculate about a standing wave process that makes particles stand out from the energy background and will post about it later.

I know (or suspect anyway) that you can’t go there with me, but that is where I go with the step-by-step speculations.

What propagates the waves and how do particles form from waves are questions that are addressed next and in related posts to follow. To go there we move to the axiom about space being infinite and the axiom about wave energy being all there is. From that I derive the speculation that energy waves fill all space. If space is infinite then there is an infinite amount of energy and all points in space have wave energy density.

With all space containing wave energy, and energy waves composing particles, what propagates the waves? And about that I speculate that there are two primary forces; one force is expansion and the other is contraction (collapse), and both are needed to maintain the propagation of spherical waves that traverse the energy medium. I’ll speculate about the nature of those two forces and what causes expansion and contraction in another post.

But first the question comes up, how can both forces work together to perpetuate wave action? And I address that question with speculation that there are limits of wave energy density beyond which contraction cannot go, and when that maximum energy density limit is reached, contraction reverses (bounces) into expansion.

That speculation leads to further speculation that wave energy cannot be created or destroyed, i.e. conservation of wave energy, and so wave energy can be compressed but compression reaches a limit that cannot be exceeded or maintained and the wave energy bursts out of the compression containment and goes into expansion.

At the macro level I phrase it by saying that expansion is caused by a bounce that occurs when collapse reaches the limit of wave energy density. There can be no infinite wave energy density in QWC because the speculated maximum energy density limit is a derived truth necessary for the perpetuation of the presence of energy waves.  That limit is what keeps the universe in its entirety from collapsing into one final big crunch and perpetuates arena action.

At the micro level I phrase it by saying that there is an internal process within the particle space that converts unsynchronized inflowing wave energy into synchronized out flowing wave energy. I call that quantum action and will post about it later.  You can think of the convergence of wave energy in the particle space to reach a density that cannot be sustained by the energy density of the surrounding environment and so the inflowing wave energy of the multiple converging waves bounces into expansion as a single spherical energy wave emerging equally in all directions from the particle space.

I will also speculate later more about the two levels of order, the micro and the macro, and show how they might be thought of as the same process playing out at two levels that are at opposite ends of the scale of nature that comprises the universe, the micro level and the macro level.  From the QWC perspective only these two levels of order (scale) can be meaningful but I do not preclude the ideas of higher or lower levels where similar processes are playing out on hugely different scales of space and time.

But first, a maximum energy density limit begs the question of how wave energy can be compressed (see post #99). I speculate that particles composed of wave energy are contained by the process of standing waves which I will post more about later. The “particle space” that a particle occupies can be reduced by compression and the particle can still function, albeit slower. More and more particles of contained wave energy can be compressed within a given volume of space until the energy density limit is reached. At that limit of energy density the particle can no longer function, the particle space can no longer be sustained, and there is a final collapse that generates the bounce that is referred to as a Big Bang. The time and space effects associated with the slowing and stopping of the functioning of particles will be posted about later.

That brings up the question of how a particle can contain wave energy and be compressed without losing its particle nature, i.e. its stability as an individual particle. I address that question with the speculation that there is a process going on in the particle space that is not interrupted until the maximum wave energy density caused by compression is reached and the particle ceases to function along with the collapse. That process is called energy density equalization and at the micro level it is part of the process of quantum action and the standing wave process.

I’ll pause here for no good reason other than to avoid too long a post.

 

 

4/25/2011, 06:32 PM #27

Let’s put this post under the heading of Deriving the Standing Wave Process from the Axioms Given the Speculation Presented in The Introduction to Deriving the Presence of Particles from the Axioms, or just, The Standing Wave Process, for short .

The following is a cut and paste of the group of statements that I have made about standing waves so far in this thread:

“It is the scientific consensus that electromagnetic radiation consisting of waves across the entire electromagnetic spectrum is produced by oscillating dipoles consisting of charged atomic particles. It is derived truth that since particles themselves are speculated to be composed of waves of energy then there are two levels of order involved in electromagnetic radiation. One is the spectrum of wave energy that produces the presence of matter consisting of particles, and the other is the electromagnetic spectrum of wave energy produced by the oscillation of charged particles within atoms and molecules. Since both forms of wave energy traverse the energy commodity that fills all space, the frequency of those waves is the key to their perpetuation. Standing waves that produce matter are higher frequency than electromagnetic waves that are produced by matter.”

 

“Standing waves have two components, the inflowing waves from all directions and the out flowing waves in all directions.”

“If you did a thought experiment with a bucket of water spinning in otherwise empty space, i.e. you cut off the inflowing energy wave component of the standing waves, you wouldn’t have to worry about if the water would creep up the side of the bucket. The bucket and the water would immediately be disbursed at the speed of light into the surrounding empty space in the form of out flowing energy waves in all directions.”

“Also, there is the difference between frame-dragging in General Relativity and the imbalance in the inflowing component of the standing waves in QWC. I think that in GR the water feels the frame dragging caused by the geometry of spacetime and in QWC the water creeps in an attempt to move toward the direction of the net imbalance in the inflowing wave density given the competing forces involved.”

 

“As long as the dual wave flow is maintained, there is almost no difference in the effect caused by QWC gravity vs. the geometry of spacetime.”

“I derive the speculation that there is a process that establishes particles with duration and stability.  I call that process the standing wave process. Standing waves have two components, the inflowing waves from all directions and the out flowing waves in all directions. Though that may sound just like the way I described the background energy, i.e. energy waves converging from all directions, I speculate that it is the synchronization of out flowing waves that differentiates the particle from the background.  Synchronization produces an environment where wave crests have duration because the inflowing waves equal the out flowing waves, much like can be observed on the surface of a pond as waves from various directions produce crests and valleys that seem to stand still.”

“Synchronization is a process that begins with the converging waves of the background. The point of convergence becomes organized such that there is a tiny disturbed patch of space where energy density equalization begins. Once a particle space exists this equalization process becomes contained in that space and the quantum action that includes energy density equalization becomes established and is sustained by the inflowing and out flowing wave energy.”

“At that stage newly formed particles are not much more than sustained high energy density spots like those wave crests that seem to stand still or that drift slowly across the surface of a pond.  But particles contained and sustained by spherical waves in the energy background are the starting point for the formation of matter. The inflowing waves are unsynchronized, synchronization takes place in the disturbed space, and synchronized (quantized) waves flow out of the particle’s space equally in all directions, i.e. the synchronized out flow is quantized.”

 

“The high density spots are pre-matter and I speculate that they are dark matter that occupies space and stands out from the background but has no electromagnetic characteristics.”

 

That concludes the list of previously mentioned statements and brings me to the point of listing the concepts associated with the standing wave process. That list includes 1) high frequency waves relative to the frequency of electromagnetic radiation, 2) synchronization and quantization, 3) energy density equalization, 4) quantum action, and 5) high density spots. I’ll take them one at a time:

1) High frequency waves relative to the frequency of electromagnetic radiation (EM):

EM is quantized in the sense that each frequency of EM wave carries a precise amount of energy. In black body radiation the peak frequency follows a curve and as the temperature of the black body increases the amount of EM increases at each frequency and the curve changes. The slope of the curve falls off as the temperature increases because the amount of energy need for each consecutive peak level increases relative to the incremental energy applied to the black body. Each energy increment added into the black body results in a smaller change in the peak frequency and a sharper fall in the curve. That effect theoretically leads to a point where you can’t raise the peak level another notch because in a finite system there just isn’t enough energy available because the energy requirement approaches infinity.

But the wave energy that composes the particles that the black body is composed of are not composed of EM, they are composed of synchronized wave energy within the background energy.  Though there is a theoretical limit to the peak frequency at which EM can be propagated from a particular black body, that fact does not interfere with the QWC speculation that higher frequencies of wave energy are involved with establishing the presence of matter, i.e. the inflowing and out flowing wave energy components of the standing wave process that establishes the presence of the particles that make up the black body.

I don't think that the speculation that particles are composed of higher frequency waves than EM can generate is considered by the scientific community but maybe so. Oscillating dipoles vibrate at frequencies and those frequencies are transmitted to the EM that is emitted. That EM can be detected. There is no way I know of to detect the high frequency waves of particle inflows and out flows and perhaps that is because they are “dark”, i.e. not EM. But if a dipole is made of particles that are made of high frequency energy waves or matter waves, the frequency of those matter waves must be able to accommodate the highest frequency EM. For the particles in the dipole to have motion and vibrate at the frequencies of the detectible EM, the matter must be composed of much high frequency waves. That follows from the speculation that every particle motion requires a new set of inflowing and out flowing energy waves. A “set of waves” in this case is the wave energy within the particle space of each particle in the dipole atom or molecule and the wave energy is moving through the high density particle space “medium” at the speed of light.  I speculate that the high energy density particle space “medium” significantly slows light relative to light passing through less dense environments or through the relative vacuum of space.

I can’t propose a test to detect the presence of these high frequency matter waves and I don’t present it as theory. It is derived speculation in QWC.

 

 

4/26/2011, 03:46 PM #28

QWC is a layman’s accumulation of all the popular alternatives to address what people consider when they are asked if they think there was a “before” the Big Bang. I have reviewed the popular media for years and have been keeping a running update going of a view that fits with what we know for sure and incorporates many of the best ideas of the alternative cosmologies. Everyone who wants to be somewhat up to date should view the six episodes here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_bGx3UB-Slg.

QWC is based on the best alternative cosmologies out there and to those who see QWC as overly speculative I reply that it is not so far out if you know what the popular cosmological alternatives are saying.

There is goal to this thread and that is to lay out the speculations that make up to my own view of cosmology. Let me state my favorite scenario briefly to break the boredom for me and for anyone who might come across this  and then I’ll go on with the speculations sequentially (you’ve been warned, lol).

My cosmological scenario refers to our known universe as an arena within a greater universe. Our arena can be described as the energy content of the Hubble volume of space plus what must lie beyond our Hubble view but is still considered part of what was caused by the Big Bang event. On that basis I think I’ll call our arena the Extended Hubble Volume of Space (EHVS pronounced E-vis). The arena concept fits with several of the scientific alternatives to the Big Bang mentioned in the BBC Horizon 2010 series that I linked to above.

It is in line with or compatible in large degree with Kaku’s view of a preexisting state, ideas of Smolin, Penrose, Linde, and Mersini-Houghton.

Dr Laura Mersini-Houghton, University of North Carolina, is using String Theory mathematics to define a cosmology that addresses observations like the void in the CMBR, unexplained motion or Dark Flow, and odd temperatures to predict the presence of neighboring universes. Those neighbors would be neighboring arenas in QWC.  [Edit: a link on the void and one on dark flow  http://www.dailygalaxy.com/my_weblog/2009/12/is-the-massive-cold-spot-a-sign.html, http://www.medical-answers.org/hd/index.php?t=Laura+Mersini, “In 2007, Mersini-Houghton claimed that the observed CMB cold spot was "the unmistakable imprint of another universe beyond the edge of our own", just as she and her collaborator had predicted in her theory 8 months earlier.”]

In my version, neighboring arenas expand until they intersect and overlap. In the overlap space gravity causes collapse of the captured galactic material to form a big crunch, and some new physics which I speculate about in detail and that is part of several of the popular alternative views, cause the big crunches to burst into expansion. This is not a crank scenario unless you stick with the view that there was no “before or beyond” the Big Bang. If you do, you used to be in the majority but now most reputable researches are considering the “before” and QWC is just a compilation of ideas I pick up by following the popular media.

 

Layman’s view of “before the Big Bang”

Link to “What Happened Before the Big Bang”

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_bGx3UB-Slg

QWC is a combination and an alternative view

QWC cosmological scenario in a nutshell

EHVS (E-vis) Extended Hubble Volume of Space

Pre-existing state ideas

Link about Laura Mersini-Houghton

http://www.physics.unc.edu/directory/directory.php?section=1&tmpl=bio&mode=text&param=395

String Theory, dark flow and the void

Link to the cold spot, great void

http://www.dailygalaxy.com/my_weblog/2009/12/is-the-massive-cold-spot-a-sign.html

Laura Mersini-Houghton on Wiki

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laura_Mersini

“Before the Big Bang” no longer a crank scenario

 

04-27-11, 12:28 PM #33

Picking up where I left off in the derived speculations …

I was talking about how standing waves come about: 1) high frequency waves relative to the frequency of electromagnetic radiation (EM), 2) synchronization and quantization, 3) energy density equalization, 4) quantum action, and 5) sustained high density spots.

I covered 1) above so:

2) Synchronization and quantization:

If as speculated, we have an energy background of wave energy coming and going in all directions at any point in space, and if it can be speculated that waves flow through each other in such a way that at any point in space they are converging from all directions, then we can imagine the backdrop for the establishment of standing wave particles that are characterized by synchronized and quantized out flowing waves from unsynchronized inflowing waves.

3) Energy density equalization:

I speculated from that then, if at the point of convergence the wave energy is cumulative then there are high wave energy density spots throughout the energy background that are sustained by the inflowing and out flowing wave energy.

However there is nothing yet remarkable about any given point in such a consistent converging wave background that would initially establish the presence of high density spots. In a given space the high density spots have to stand out from the background before they can be sustained by the converging background wave energy. They need to be established first before you can sustain them with inflowing wave energy.

 

There are speculations in QWC that set up the circumstances where high density spots are created from the forces of expansion and contraction. That occurs across the landscape of the greater universe via arena action, the process that causes crunches and Big Bangs across the arena landscape.

Earlier I posted this: “Synchronization is a process that begins with the converging waves of the background. The point of convergence becomes organized such that there is a tiny pinhole of disturbed space, the particle space, where energy density equalization begins. Once a particle space exists this equalization process becomes contained in that space and the quantum action that includes energy density equalization becomes established and is sustained by the inflowing and out flowing wave energy.”

The definition of an energy density environment in QWC is that any volume of space that contains energy can function as an environment as long as the energy in that environment can be equalized across the environment. The density of a gas equalizes in its container, the density of a liquid free of gravity equalizes in spherical drops, etc.  The density of wave energy in an energy environment trends toward equalization. Particles will equalize their density across the environment, and if the energy environment is within a pinhole particle space, a tiny place, the wave energy converging in that space trends toward equalization too, meaning that the converging peaks of wave energy occupy the same space, an energy density environment, and the wave energy in that space is equal to the sum of all the wave peaks that are converging there.

Wave identity and direction is lost in the disturbed space and the energy in that space is equalized to represent one single high density spot of consistent energy density for one short instant. That high density wave energy bursts out of the spot spherically as if the spot was a pinhole in space, i.e. spherically and thus equally in all directions even if the inflow is unsynchronized.  I refer to the spherical out flowing waves as being synchronized, i.e. the unsynchronized inflow emerges as synchronized out flow.  Energy density equalization has occurred within the particle space and is disbursed equally in all directions by the emerging spherical quantum wave of energy.

To achieve the initial high density spots requires a special initial wave convergence that sets up the spots to begin with. That special convergence is the intersection and overlap of the parent arenas.  They produce the big bangs and it takes a circumstance like a Big Bang to produce a sea of initial high density spots.  The spots are sustained within the collapsing crunch until the bounce occurs and then they are sustained with help from the surrounding wave energy as inflation occurs.

When Big Bang expansion begins in an arena we have a sea of high density spots that is sustained by the standing wave process. I call this the sea of dark matter because from it particles form and electromagnetic radiation brings the light.  Once the initial standing waves are established in the expanding arena, particles form and particle charges are established, and then oscillating dipoles arise to produce light energy. In other words the lights go out as the big crunch forms and the light goes back on when the arena begins to mature.  Thus the arena process is the way nature reverses the entropy that occurs in preceding big bang arenas as they play out.

That is how the recurring big bang type events play a role by initiating quantum action to establish the presence of matter in newly expanding arenas from the energy conserved from the previous arenas; a subject that I will elaborate on speculatively in following posts.

… To be continued …

 

 

4/29/2011 10:30 AM, Post #34

 

4) Quantum action:

A Big Bang in QWC has preconditions which I have been speculating about. Those speculations include that big crunches form from the convergence of neighboring expanding arenas as gravity acting on the galactic material that converges in the overlap space causes it to collapse into what I call an ultimate black hole (UBH) or big crunch. Some speculated physics that I have described elsewhere and here later is in effect and applies to the circumstances within a UBH that leads to the Big Bang type event. The collapse of the big crunch reverses into expansion of the big bang, setting up the circumstances for the initial formation of a sea of high density spots (dark matter) within the expanding new big bang arena. This is what I speculate occurred in our extended Hubble volume of space (EHVS) 14 billion years ago.

The energy that emerges from the big burst is high frequency wave energy that was formed from all types of matter and energy that entered and was compressed in the UBH. It is converted to dense dark energy that bursts free from the containment of the big crunch. The emerging dark energy bursting into expansion immediately encounters the background energy in the space surrounding the big burst. That surrounding space contains radiation (light energy) that is characteristic of all inter-arena space in the landscape of the greater universe, universal cosmic microwave background energy (UCMBE) that exists from a potentially infinite history of active arenas across infinite space and time. The UCMBE is low frequency light waves (low energy density, low temperature) that are blue shifted to a halt as they are caught up in the extreme high frequency waves (high energy density) of the greater expanding arena wave. Thus they provide inflowing wave energy to the expanding sea of dark matter comprised of high density spots that emerged from the big bang.

Quantum action is initiated simultaneously with the high density wave convergences (HD spots) in the Dark Matter Sea. Each new spot forms and bursts into synchronized out flowing waves that disburse equally in all directions from the initial point of convergence in space. The out flow from the initial spot is a spherical wave energy that expands equally in all directions. This directionally equal wave energy out flow is the first product of quantum action.

The blue shifting convergences between the expanding arena wave and the universal cosmic wave energy background (UCWEB) become incorporated in the sea of high energy density spots.  The spots exist momentarily as high density disturbed patches of space. During that instant they are not wave energy, they are contained energy in a quantum space where energy density equalization occurs.  It is in that brief quantum period and tiny pinhole of quantum space that quantum action converts the unsynchronized inflowing wave energy to spherical out flowing wave energy that expands equally in all directions from the HD spot. Those spherical waves initiate a sea of similar high density energy wave intersections that overlap, form new high density spots whose inflow bursts into spherical out flowing waves, forming and reforming from the spherical out flowing wave energy. This is the dark energy/dark matter environment of the very earliest moments of the arena and in which particle formation begins to take place; the speculative QWC nucleosynthesis, lol.

The high density spot acts as a tiny hole that forces waves that pass through it to become spherical, and the hole, also referred to as a disturbed patch of space at the center of the pre-particle has the same effect on all incoming waves of the right frequency. The result is that the out flowing boundary of the particle space becomes spherical in all directions as incoming waves from all directions pass through and out of it.

For example, in geometric optics a wave encountering a hole tinier than its wave length emerges from the whole as a spherical wave on the other side of the barrier. Please refer to figure 35.4 b in Chapter 35, The Nature of Light and the Laws of Geometric Optics, in Physics for Scientists and Engineers, Fifth Edition, by Serway and Beichner. I couldn’t find the exact graphic on the web but if I do I will post it later or just draw it using MS Paint.

5) Sustained high density spots:

The process of standing waves that I have derived speculatively sustains the presence of dark matter, and from the dark matter sea charged particles and oscillating dipoles evolve which produce electromagnetic radiation that lights up the arena after the big bang.

It is a complex set of speculations derived from the axioms of QWC that brings us to the point in the early universe (our arena) when standing waves maintain the presence of hydrogen that forms across the entire expanding dark matter filled arena. Latter I will pick up here and discuss speculation about the formation of a first round of huge fast burning hydrogen stars that precede the formation of the galaxies and galaxy groups that we now observe.

But first it seems appropriate to discuss the QWC gravity speculations derived from observations of motion and speculations about the role that quantum action and standing waves play to cause that motion and to establish the presence of gravity simultaneously. You’ll hate it, lol.

 

5/2/2011, 09:52 AM #35

I’ve gone through a complex series of axioms and derived speculations to describe the standing wave process of QWC. That path has taken me through some strange and distant neighborhoods in the micro to the macro and back to the micro realms.

The Perfect Cosmological Principle (PCP) that I referenced and provided a definitional link to in post #1 applies and says that on a grand scale the universe is homogeneous and isotropic in space and time.  Given the PCP, arena action and quantum action collaborate throughout the potentially infinite universe to maintain the presence of fluctuating energy density.  Energy waves coming and going at all points in space provide the energy background from which matter stands out, and the presence of matter is established when those waves become synchronized and quantized.

High density spots called dark matter already exist simultaneously with the early arena expansion period. Without gravity the expansion momentum of the dark matter sea would cause expansion without allowing clumping and the Big Rip http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Big_Rip would occur without the arena ever producing particles, matter or life.  

 

Expansion momentum combined with quantum action is speculated to be the cause of the formation and initial relative motion of matter within the arena.  The pre-particle dark matter being maintained by quantum action immediately begins to clump due to the gravity achieved by quantum action and the clumps have expansion momentum imparted to them as the form in the expanding arena.  Expansion momentum and gravity represent the two major forces present during early arena expansion, I speculate.

Gravity is an imbalance in the inflowing wave component of the standing wave pattern that has established the presence of mass. The imbalance causes the location of the high density spot that is being maintained by the standing wave pattern to reorient itself in the direction of the net highest energy density wave inflow surrounding it.

Gravity allows clumping at short distances while expansion momentum resists clumping as the distance increases. A more detailed set of speculations will follow in posts #38 and #39, but take the time to contemplate the axioms and derived speculations that bring QWC to the point where dark energy and dark matter exist before charged particles and electromagnetic radiation are produced in the new arena.

 

5/16/2011 Not Posted s.b. #35NP

The following is not posted to the thread as of 5/16/2011, but is left here for future reference:

http://www.rpi.edu/dept/phys/ScIT/InformationStorage/intdiff/intdiff.html

Interfering Waves

Two traveling waves can interfere with each other. You may remember how to add sine waves from a trig class long ago. You merely add the functions at each individual point. For example, consider the three cases illustrated below.

In case (a), the two waves match up exactly. We say they are "in-phase", since everywhere Wave 1 has a crest Wave 2 also has a crest, and everywhere Wave 1 has a trough, Wave 2 also has a trough, etc. When these two waves add, the result is a sine wave with twice the amplitude as one of the original waves. The waves in this case exhibit complete constructive interference.

In case (b), the waves are "180º out of phase", which means that they are off by one-half cycle. Every crest in Wave 1 matches a trough in Wave 2, and vice-versa. Adding these two waves yields an amplitude of zero. This case illustrates complete destructive interference.

Case (c) illustrates a situation somewhere between complete constructive and complete destructive interference. The two waves do not line up completely, but they do not cancel either. The result is a sine wave with an amplitude lower than twice the amplitude of one wave. The exact value of the amplitude will depend on how out-of-phase the two waves are. If the waves are nearly aligned, the amplitude of the sum will be larger than if the two waves are nearly canceling.

The difference between the distances traveled by the two waves is called the path difference, and it is represented by d on the diagram. The waves in case (a) needn't have traveled the exact same distance to line up; if one wave has traveled one wavelength more than the other has, the two waves would still line up. They would similarly align if one has traveled two or three or any integer number of wavelengths further than the other has. If the path difference is equal to an integer number of wavelengths, the two waves will experience complete constructive interference, and their amplitudes will add.

Similarly, the path difference for the waves in case (b) needn't be just l/2; if one has traveled three half-wavelengths more than the other has, they would still cancel. They would also cancel if one has traveled any other half-integer number of wavelengths further than the other has. If the path difference is equal to a half- integer number of wavelengths, the two waves will experience complete destructive interference, their amplitudes will cancel, and the sum will always have zero amplitude. Thus our conditions on the path difference d for interference are as follows:

d = ml (m = 0, ±1, ±2, . . .) for constructive interference.

d = (m + 1/2)l (m= 0, ±1, ±2, . . .) for destructive interference.

 

Diffraction of Waves through an Aperture

When a wave hits an opening, or aperture, it spreads out on the other side of the aperture. This phenomenon is known as diffraction. We can represent the wave as either a series of crests (red solid lines) and troughs (red dashed lines), or as a ray pointing the direction of wave motion (blue arrow). As the wave passes through the aperture, the crests and troughs take a circular shape, and the direction of wave motion becomes radial. One consequence of diffraction is that waves can travel around corners. Observation of light's ability to travel around corners and diffract helped bolster the wave theory of light.

 

Interference through a Double Slit

When a wave passes through two slits, it diffracts at both openings. The circular waves emitted by one opening can then interfere with the circular waves coming out the other opening. If the wave from the bottom opening (yellow) has traveled an integer number of wavelengths further (or less) than the wave from the top opening (green), the result will be complete constructive interference (pink dots). Similarly, complete destructive interference (brown dots) will occur at locations where the wave from the bottom opening has traveled a half-integer number of wavelengths further (or less) than the wave from the top opening has.

If the waves are light waves, spots of constructive interference will be bright, and spots of destructive interference will be dark. A screen represented by the black line in the above diagram would therefore display regions of high-intensity light dimming into regions of zero intensity before brightening into high-intensity regions again. This collection of bright and dark regions is called an "interference pattern" for light.

Interference through a Single Slit

Light traveling through a single slit can also produce an interference pattern. One can think of the sources of the interfering rays as being different parts of the slit. To visualize this case, it is helpful to think of the light as "rays" (green and yellow). A ray incident on the lower part of the slit will diverge, as will a ray incident on the upper part of the slit. The resulting diverging waves will interfere, in a manner similar to the interference of a double slit. Bright spots, called maxima, will appear when the path difference between the interfering rays is an integer number of wavelengths. Dark minima will appear when the path difference is a half-integer number of wavelengths.

The pattern produced by a single slit is similar to, but not identical to, the pattern produced by a double slit. To distinguish between the two situations, we call the double-slit pattern an interference pattern, and the single-slit pattern a diffraction pattern. This distinction is somewhat misleading, since both effects depend upon both diffraction (the spreading of light) and interference (combining of light), but it is commonly used so you should be aware of it.

Interference through a Circular Aperture

If a circular aperture is used instead of a narrow slit, the diffraction pattern is circular, looking something like the figure below. We will use such a pattern to determine the wavelengths of two lasers in class. To do so, we first define two distances: D is the distance between the aperture and the screen, and y is the distance between the center of the pattern and the first minimum. The right-hand side of the figure below shows the top view of the setup. From this drawing, we can see that the angle q is related to y and D by

tan q = y/D.

Deriving the next equation is beyond the scope of this course. Suffice it to say that the path difference d between the rays coming from different parts of the aperture and arriving at the point of the first minimum is

d = (d sin q)/2.44.

Here d is the diameter of the aperture, and the factor of 2.44 comes from mathematical functions describing circular geometry. As mentioned above, when the light rays cancel to produce the first minimum, this path difference must be l/2. Setting these two expressions for path difference equal to each other, we get

l/2 = (d sin q)/2.44

l = 2(d sin q)/2.44 = (d sin q)/1.22.

For small angles, sin q is approximately equal to tan q, so

sin q ~ tan q = y/D = 1.22 l/d.

Thus the location y of the first minimum depends on the aperture size d, the distance D between the aperture and the screen, and the wavelength l.

Application

In an optical storage device such as a CD-ROM or DVD, laser light is focused by a lens onto the surface of the disk. The lens, while focusing the light, also serves as a circular aperture. Thus, the light coming out will produce an interference pattern on the disk. If more than one bit falls inside the central bright spot, the bits cannot be resolved and information will be lost. This limit of resolvability is described by the Rayleigh criteria:

sin q £ 1.22 l/d.

The bit must be no smaller than a circle of radius r, where

r/D = tan q~ 1.22 l/d.

r ~ 1.22 lD/d

Theoretically, one could decrease this minimum bit size in three different ways: using a laser with a shorter wavelength l, decreasing the distance D between the lens and the disk, or using a lens with a larger diameter d. Moving the lens closer to the disk or using a larger lens might seem the simplest ways to reduce the diffraction pattern, but D and d are in practice tightly constrained. Laser light passing through the lens will be focused to the smallest spot at the focal point of the lens, so the disk-to-lens distance D should equal the focal length of the lens. Thus D is determined by the lens and cannot be arbitrarily varied. Manufacturing constraints on lenses also limit the width d of the lens. Photographers are familiar with the f-number, or f-stop of lenses. This represents the ratio of focal length D over diameter d of the lens. Lenses with large f-numbers such as f/8 or f/16 are relatively easy to produce. As the f-number decreases, the difficulty increases, and lenses with f-numbers less than 1 are very rare. Thus the ratio D/d will be greater than 1(and probably more like 5) for the mass-produced lenses in CD drives. This leaves us with the option of reducing the laser wavelength as the most promising way to decrease the minimum bit size in optical storage.

One of the reason's DVDs can hold more data than CD-ROMs is that they use a shorter wavelength of light, so the resulting diffraction pattern on the disk is smaller. Bits may then each occupy less space, so more bits fit on a disk. Your handout from Ron White's book discusses additional reasons that DVDs store more data than CD-ROMs.

Summing it Up

This reading assignment has a lot of information stuffed into a few pages of text. Many of the equations have been included to prove the few relationships we will need. You will not be asked to repeat any of those derivations, but you should take away with you the following key concepts:

-

Light passing through a circular aperture is diffracted and produces a ringed diffraction pattern.

-

For two objects to be resolved with such light, they must not both lie within the central maximum.

-

The size y of the central maximum can be reduced in three ways: decreasing the distance D between the slit and the screen, increasing the diameter d of the aperture, and decreasing the wavelength l.

-

In practical applications (like CD-ROMs), the aperture size d and distance between aperture and screen (data) D are severly constrained. Thus adjusting the wavelength becomes the most effective way to decrease the size of the diffraction pattern and thereby resolve smaller objects.

Suggested Additional Reading

All sources for Additional Reading are on reserve at the library or available for perusal in the instructor's office. Students are encouraged to access these readings, as they provide photographs and illustrations not available for inclusion in these web-based readings.

How Computers Work, by Ron White.

The HowStuff Works Web site's CD page

Notes by Professor Kelin J. Kuhn for his EE courses: Audio Compact Disk - an Introduction, and Audio Compact Disk - Reading and Writing the Data. (These are from a link at HowStuffWorks.) These get a bit technical at times, but they present a much more complete picture of CDs than White's book does.

Any introductory physics text, such as Fundamentals of Physics by Halliday, Resnick and Walker.

Copyright © 2000-2002 Doris Jeanne Wagner. All Rights Reserved

 May 2011 Not Posted s.b. #35NP

 

 

 

5/17/2011, 08:31 AM #38

Here is more detailed speculation on the speculations in the last content post which included the statement, “Gravity is an imbalance in the inflowing wave component of the standing wave pattern that has established the presence of mass”.

 

One might ask what I mean by an imbalance in the inflowing wave component. The answer starts from speculation of standing waves that establish and maintain the presence of matter via two wave energy components, inflowing wave energy and out flowing wave energy. The inflowing wave energy is coming from the out flowing energy of matter that is or was present elsewhere. The out flowing waves from elsewhere traverse the wave energy space between objects of matter in a manner similar to how waves flow across and through other waves on the surface of a pond except we are talking spherical waves in a sea of spherical wave energy where waves are generated from different sources and are of different frequencies.

With that explanation of the source of the inflowing wave energy, to answer the question of what I mean by “imbalance” I invoke relative motion and the effect motion has on wave frequency that arrives to a standing wave particle from elsewhere. The imbalance is an imbalance in the frequency of the inflowing wave energy because matter is in motion relative to all other matter and that motion affects the frequency that is felt by the matter that is being maintained by the inflowing wave components from elsewhere.

That statement might raise the question as to the source of the relative motion in the first place. To answer that I remind the reader that we are speculating about events that are taking place within a given arena that is expanding due to dark energy speculated upon earlier in the thread. That arena is almost immediately filled with dark matter produced by high energy waves in the early moments after a big bang type of event when they encounter the surrounding background wave energy that I call the Universal Cosmic Microwave Background Energy (UCMBE). Those encounters are the speculated source of the initial high density spots that originate in any new arena. During the brief moment of their existence these initial high density wave convergences or spots have location and momentum imparted to them as they form. The expansion energy for the big bang event is transferred to expansion momentum of the high density spots during their brief moment of convergence and so they can be said to be moving away from each other during the moment of their initial existence. That expansion momentum is the source of the initial motion of stable particles that form within the new arena.

You must always keep that perspective because without it there is a tendency to wonder why, if gravity exists in the fashion I describe, the entire universe doesn’t collapse into one final and eternal big crunch. It is the arena process with its energy density limit (contraction effect) and the bounce (expansion effect) following the wave energy density collapse that prevents it and maintains the arena landscape of the greater universe. Being within any give arena is a circumstance that has to do with the arena composition of the greater universe and the arena process where arenas form and mature and overlap to give rise to new expanding arenas composed of the remnants of the old ones in the space where those mature expanding arenas overlapped.

In the last post I went on to say, “The imbalance causes the location of the high density spot that is being maintained by the standing wave pattern to reorient itself in the direction of the net highest energy density wave inflow surrounding it.”

 

Remembering the arena process that maintains the arena composition of the greater universe is useful here. At the micro level it is the process of quantum action that maintains the presence of matter just like at the macro level it is the arena process that allows for the required environment for quantum action to take place. The processes of arena action and quantum action are strikingly similar in their mechanics though the details of collapse, bang, and the resulting expansion are easier to envision at the macro level. And even if you now acknowledge the existence of high density spots where inflowing energy waves converge from different directions, and even if you acknowledge the imbalance in inflowing wave frequency, you might not yet equate what happens in the space where such a convergence takes place with what I just referred to as a “reorientation that has a directional component”.

The reorientation is the result of energy density equalization that takes place in the high density spot at the “moment” presented each time waves converge. If the convergence is a passing event (as it is with dark matter) like waves passing through each other without achieving the standing wave characteristic then the high density moment is too short to allow meaningful reorientation and there is almost no reorientation and almost no gravity felt in the “moment”. Only when the high density spot is maintained by the synchronization of the two wave components, inflowing and out flowing wave energy, is there enough duration in the high density “moment” for meaningful reorientation to occur.

The duration of the high density effect is perpetuated by the standing wave process. Once the high density spot is maintained for some extended duration by synchronized inflowing and out flowing wave energy components the reorientation has sufficient time to occur.

… To be continued … with some more detailed speculation about the “reorientation” and how it is important to the gravitational effect of standing wave particles.

 

5/18/2011, 08:52 AM #39

Picking up where I left off … “The duration of the high density effect is perpetuated by the standing wave process. Once the high density spot is maintained for some extended duration by synchronized inflowing and out flowing wave energy components, the reorientation has sufficient time to occur.”

I have speculated that there is a process called energy density equalization. It is a process that occurs within any given energy environment. An energy environment can be very small like the high energy density patch of space at the convergence of spherical energy waves, or very large like an arena or like the overlap space that occurs when two parent arenas intersect and overlap as they expand.

Statements from earlier in the thread about the energy density environment:

“Energy density of an environment in QWC is the energy represented by all of the energy waves in that environment.”

“The definition of an energy density environment in QWC is that any volume of space that contains energy can function as an environment as long as the energy in that environment can be equalized across the environment. The density of a gas equalizes in its container, the density of a liquid free of gravity equalizes in spherical drops, etc.; energy density trends toward equalization in any given energy density environment. Particles will equalize their density across the environment, and if the energy environment is within a particle space, a tiny place, the wave energy converging in that space trends toward equalization too, meaning that the converging peaks of wave energy occupy the same space and the wave energy in that space is equal to the sum of all the wave peaks that are converging there.

“Wave identity and direction is lost in the disturbed space and the energy in that space is equalized to represent one single high density spot for one short instant. That high density wave energy bursts out of the spot spherically as if it was a pin hole in space, i.e. spherically and synchronized equally in all directions even though the inflow is unsynchronized. Energy density equalization has occurred within the particle space and is disbursed equally in all directions by the emerging spherical quantum wave of energy.”

From the above, I continue:

 

Energy density equalization occurring in the high density spot that is being maintained by the two standing wave components produces a durable stable particle. We stated that particles always have relative motion imparted to them by the expansionary environment in which they form and I am speculating that the stable spot moves relative to other particles initially because of that expansion momentum. Equalization affects that motion by adding a contributing factor called momentary reorientation or gravity. Without the reorientation, the motion would be purely relative expansion momentum of the particle imparted to it as it formed among other particles in the early moments of arena expansion.

The gravitational effect is the added contributor and results from the reorientation of the boundary of the particle. The particle boundary is a new concept that I employ to speculatively quantify the change in location of a particle.

The imbalance is resolved internally by that equalization and the out flowing wave is a new spherical wave that bursts out of the high density spot and disburses the out flowing energy equally in all directions, i.e. the out flow is synchronized and quantized relative to the location of the particular high density spot that produces it.

The boundary of the particle is the internal space of the spherical wave at the instant that it emerges as the out flowing wave component. The boundary location of the out flowing spherical wave changes in response to the imbalance of the wave frequency of the inflowing wave component. Motion is toward the vector of the wave energy inflow that points to the net high energy wave frequency surrounding the location of the high density spot. The particle constantly moves toward the source of the highest inflowing wave energy from surrounding out flowing waves arriving from other particles. Thus the particle motion is now speculated to be composed of the initial expansion momentum of the particle and the gravitational effect of quantum action within the particle.

That brings us to my earlier statement: “Gravity allows clumping at short distances while expansion momentum resists clumping as the distance increases.”

That statement represents the derived speculations that define the maturation process that takes place within each arena as particles, particle charges, atoms, molecules, stars and galaxies form within the expanding arena.

 

05-28-11, 11:26 AM, #40

I had some time I used recently by recapping the posts in this thread with some corrections and edits :

https://docs.google.com/document/pub...GypQEd_s_w3txc

And if you zoom in here you will see the Maple Pavilion where I wasted all that time, lol.

http://maps.google.com/maps/ms?hl=en...ad99d16a8eb815

 

05-31-11, 01:35 PM, #41

 

I’ve been following the thread, Relativity and Simultaneity, at SciForums

http://www.sciforums.com/showthread....81#post2762181

The thread was originated by Motor Daddy. It was of particular interest to me because he introduces a new postulate in place of Einstein’s second postulate.

From Wiki on the postulates of Special Relativity:

1. First postulate (principle of relativity)

The laws by which the states of physical systems undergo change are not affected, whether these changes of state be referred to the one or the other of two systems of coordinates in uniform translatory motion.

2. Second postulate (invariance of c)

As measured in any inertial frame of reference, light is always propagated in empty space with a definite velocity c that is independent of the state of motion of the emitting body.

MD introduced the concept of a moving light box to clarify his objection to the second postulate.

He assumes he is in an inertial frame of reference in which a flash of light is propagated at a point and time in absolute space without knowledge of the motion of that frame relative to the point in space and time where the propagation took place.

He assumes that the point of propagation of light occurs at a fixed point in space at a fixed time regardless of the frame of reference.

There is some controversy.  Is there actually a point in space where that light is propagated that would be agreed upon by observers in other frames? MD’s answer is yes, if the frames coincided at the instant the light was propagated, then someone moving relative to the rest frame that hosted the point of propagation would see the light propagated at the same point in space and time.

According to the SR postulate that light propagates at c in all frames, we would all agree that the speed of the light observed from all frames as it is emitted propagates at c in all frames. I used “in all frames” three times in the sentence on purpose. The first “in all frames” is part of the postulate. The second “in all frames” is that the light was physically observed to be emitted as an event in all frames that coincided at the point and time of propagation in space. The third “in all frames” was that the light propagated at c in each inertial frame regardless of the relative motion of that frame to the point of emission.

The problem quickly comes to light. If the observers are correct, i.e. that the light was propagated at the same point in space and time in all frames, and if the SR postulate is correct, i.e. that light travels at c in all inertial frames that are moving relative to each other, then in order for the postulate to be true the speed of light would have to be independent of the point of emission unless the point of emission would be considered moving with the motion of the frame of the observer.

In other words there can be no absolute point in space and time according to the postulates of SR. Any point in space that coincides with multiple moving frames at the instant of an event is assumed to be moving with the frames and not fixed at a point in absolute space and time. All frames moving relative to the point in space and time of the event will effectively take their space and time with them as they move away from the coincident point in space.

MD’s Box lays out an alternative postulate. Light propagates at c from the absolute point in space where it is propagated.

His position is that if the light ray (see below *) that is emitted from that absolute point in space is observed from a frame of reference in motion relative to the fixed point of emission in space and time, the speed of the light would be measured at c + or – the difference in the rate of motion between the observing frame and the absolute point in space and time where the emission occurred.

(* or light sphere which is an in-phase composite of rays across a spherical light wave front expanding in space at c in all directions)

This means that MD’s Box is not in line with the terminology of Special Relativity. There is no absolute space or time in SR and there is in MD’s Box scenario.

However, MD says or at least implies that the fixed point in space and time is not an inertial frame; it is a point in absolute space and in absolute time that coincided with an inertial frame at the point in space and time of the light flash.

I come forward to agree that a light ray or expanding sphere of light has a physical presence in space and expands at c from the fixed point of emission in absolute space and time. We have agreed that the light sphere always expands at c relative to the fixed point in space and time, and therefore that point in space and time does not move in empty space or along the time continuum regardless of the motion of the frames that coincided with that point in space at the time of the emission.

My interest in MD’s Relativity of Simultaneity stems from my QWC speculations:

 

1) In QWC there is an arena process where arenas that emerge from Big Bangs have a fixed point in space from which their arena expansion occurs. Expansion of the arena extends out from that point in space presumably at the speed of light. Multiple arenas represent multiple fixed points in space and time.  Can an entire arena have motion relative to other arenas?  It depends on how wave energy is propagated through space.  Special Relativity implies the light sphere can move with the motion of the observer and always appear spherical to all observers.

 

Part of the controversy centers around the use of the word “absolute”.  In current theory there is no absolute point in space because everything is relative.  Some people interpret that to mean that a flash of light will expand spherically in all inertial frames of reference.  That view is quite popular because of Einstein’s Theory of Special Relativity.

 

Read and study it and you find that the math of Lorentz transformations works perfectly to show how variables like length and time will change between frames in order to bring all variables in agreement with a constant, a common denominator based on the invariant speed of light in vacuum.  Using those transformations to adjust between frames, the light sphere remains a sphere in all frames.

 

But common sense says that if light has an invariant speed in the vacuum of space, an object moving at relativistic speeds to a flash of light will see the shape shifted (relativistic Doppler shift) into an oval where the diameter in the direction of motion is smaller than the diameter perpendicular to the motion, hence, length contraction.  Then we realize that if the light sphere is not a sphere, the speed of light playing out as the oval expands cannot be invariant.  Hence, time dilation comes into the picture to say that the shorter distance of light travel in the direction of motion is a time measurement issue and that time passes slower in that direction and so it takes the same amount of time to travel from the point of emission in the direction of motion as it does perpendicular to the motion.

 

These transformations work mathematically but they also introduce the concept of length contraction and time dilation.  The cause of length contraction and time dilation in SR is not acceleration or gravitation, it is simply relative motion.  The cause of time dilation and length contraction in QWC is the tidal effect and the energy density effect.

 

I reject the notion of SR time dilation and length contraction in QWC.  If you say that time dilation has been proven by synchronized clocks or by careful measurements in cases of relative motion, you are correct.  However, in QWC that time dilation would have been due to differences in the energy density of the environment assuming that clocks run slower as the energy density increases.  Acceleration increases the energy density and gravitation increases the energy density, and so far, no time dilation is shown to occur without corresponding differences in energy density.  

 

2) Also, in QWC there is a process of quantum action that establishes the physical presence of particles of matter. Quantum action is characterized by high density spots that are momentarily fixed in space and time, and the standing wave concept of particles advocated by QWC is completely compatible with the concept of fixed high density spots in space and time, whether or not you want to call it absolute space and time.

 

The high density spot marks a point in space and time where a spherical wave of energy is emitted from the spot as part of the process of establishing the presence of matter.  It takes billions of these high density spots to represent the presence of a single fundamental particle like an electron or a quark.  If you could see closely from the QWC perspective into the fundamental particles of the Standard Particle Model, you would see a grand fireworks display, not literally because it is not light waves, but the spots would be forming and bursting in an awesome array where ever the particle presence exits.  The particle will be moving through space but the high-density spot will form at a point in space, burst, and emit a spherically expanding energy wave that is expanding equally at the speed of light in all directions.  As the particle moves, its hoard of high density spots seems to move with it but really the spots form and burst so quickly that the motion of the particle is not jerky but smooth.  As the spots re-form they do so in a slightly different location in space based on the motion of the particle because the particle has the stability afforded to it by its status as an energy environment and the spots represent contained energy, i.e. a particle is an individual energy environment within which the energy density equalizes itself relative to the surrounding environment.  The process of high density spot formation and burst is part of the process of energy density equalization within the particle.

 

3) In QWC gravity is caused by an imbalance between inflowing and out flowing wave energy associated with quantum action that establishes the presence of mass. The notion of fixed points of emission of out flowing gravity waves is completely compatible with the concept of points fixed in space and time as it is described relative to QWC Big Bang centers of gravity and particle high density spot locations in space during quantum action.

 

06-07-11, 10:35 PM, #42

I entertained myself by defining a new cult based on that important precept.

The Cult of Tentativeness

I declare the existence of a cult consisting of science professionals and laymen alike who adhere to the precept of tentativeness of science. In that cult are those who do not consider “non-falsification” of widely held consensus theories to be proof of those theories. That is a double negative but I think you can get the drift; non-falsification is not the same as proof of a theory. If you can agree with that you may be a cult member in the Cult of Tentativeness.

The cult applies to any widely held theory. You have to declare yourself a non-cult member in order to be excluded from the cult. You can do that in several ways. You can deny being a cult member or simply insist that non-falsification of SR (insert any consensus theory) is proof of SR (any consensus theory). That releases you from the cult and gives you non-cult status meaning you don’t accept the tentativeness of said Theory.

You can also declare yourself a non-cult member by proclaiming that only cranks and crackpots say the particular theory ________ (insert any consensus theory) is theory and not fact. That releases you from the cult.

Also, you can exclude yourself from the cult by flaming declared cult members for not accepting non-cult member status through denial of the precept of tentativeness or through acceptance of non-falsification of ________ (insert any particular consensus theory) as proof that said theory is reality.

Strangely enough that puts some reputable science professionals in the same group as professed cult members in the eyes of declared non-cult members because some science professionals acknowledge that one of the strengths of science is tentativeness, i.e. all science is subject to change and new facts are always possible that can lead to falsification of a previously held consensus. Science professionals who hold to tentativeness are undeclared cult members and do not have non-cult status until they declare non-cult status.

Many cult members, declared or undeclared, believe that all consensus theory is derived from the postulates, is or at least may be mathematically sound based on the postulates, and has not been falsified, but that it is not yet truth because of the precept of tentativeness in science (or because they believe that the postulates themselves do not precisely correspond with reality).

 

There is a time factor in the minds of many and if a theory has stood up under testing form a lengthy period of time, its tentativeness begins to evaporate.  Many theories will hold up until we have the ability to look deeper into particles and deeper into space, so no tentativeness evaporates with time, they either become falsified or superseded.

I am a cult member because I believe in the tentativeness of science.

Man up and declare your cult status, lol.

06-08-11, 01:28 PM, #45

I like the Cult of Tentativeness idea because as I define it, it recognizes known science and theory, it acknowledges that known theory has limits and incompatibilities, and it allows speculation done responsibly that goes beyond those limits and addresses the incompatibilities. Valid speculation must have an acceptable connection back to science done according to the scientific method. “An acceptable connection” means that all speculation must fall under the rules of reasonable and responsible speculation.

Reasonable and responsible speculation means starting with existing science, identifying axioms to address the unknowns and imponderables of infinity, and deriving the step by step, bottom up speculations from those axioms, without violating known observations and data.

Don’t get me wrong, my speculations depart from science and the scientific method and as such are not science and I don’t defend them as science or reality, but I now defend them as reasonable and responsible speculations allowed under the umbrella of the Cult of Tentativeness as I define the cult. It is easy to see that QWC, done under those guidelines, is not going to be of much interest to anyone unless they just like to contemplate ideas that are presented in a fashion that claims to be consistent with the above methods.

Since by definition QWC is of interest primarily to myself I’m changing my policy of open input from all members and am now invoking the requirement that only contributions from members of The Cult of Tentativeness will be considered for incorporation into QWC .

This will have no immediate impact on QWC because there is no input coming in, but I have been cavorting around in other SciForums forums and threads and might begin to attract some non-cult members and otherwise undesirable characters, and I just want to say, why bother with them unless they are cult members.

 

06-09-11, 03:11 PM, #48

Non-cult members have not come to grips with the possibility that the Big Bang might have been caused by physics that is non-Lorentz compatible, or the possibility that particles have internal wave energy composition that is not Lorentz compatible, and therefore the presence of matter, gravity and big bangs is not Lorentz dependent.

 

The cause of big bangs and the cause of the presence of particles create an environment where Lorentz transformations can be mathematically applied, such as within our expanding arena and outside of particle composition.  Both the formation and expansion of an arena and the wave energy composition and quantum action that establishes the presence of mass and gravity are not Lorentz compatible in QWC because they both feature spherical expansion in space that would not be viewed as spherical from moving reference frames.  The expanding energy waves of big bangs and high density spots within particles will be viewed as ovals in frames moving relative to the spherical wave emission, a point in space that does not move.

 

SR can’t live with that.  In QWC, motion causes the oval view in the same way that the view would look if Lorentz transformations were considered purely mathematical adjustments of the length and time variables, i.e. the moving observer who could see the whole sphere would see it as an oval and would have to do math to figure out what he would be seeing if he was at rest relative to the point of emission of the sphere.  But that is not what SR implies.  SR implies the every observer will see the sphere and not the oval.  In SR, if you apply QWC logic, the oval is what the observer at rest concludes would be seen by moving observers but all observes in SR can consider themselves are rest within their frame and so must see the sphere and not the oval.

 

 

06-10-11, 08:20 AM, #49

I have re-written my 100 word description of the Philosophy of Quantum Wave Cosmology:

The natural universe is infinite and eternal, composed of wave energy which, through synchronization, establishes the presence of mass and gravity sustained by opposing forces of expansion and collapse, perpetually refreshing energy’s usefulness across the landscape of the greater universe where expanding arenas disburse and merge and within which life is generated and evolves, forever assuring the presence of intelligent contemplative individuals who consider that God and the universe may be one in the same and who find that humility, self respect, charity, and faith in nature are cornerstones of life in which meaning and purpose are found from within.

 

 

06-13-11, 11:07 AM, #58

 The common ground post:

If, with no known cause, the Big Bang, the presence of mass, and the presence of gravity have not been defined algorithmically, and if anything that seems to be non-algorithmic has natural causes that we just don’t yet understand, then we can say that the Big Bang, the presence of mass, and the presence of gravity have natural causes which places the supernatural into a context of being part of as yet undefined nature and that nature is algorithmic, i.e. repeatable and dependable.

I personally characterize unexplained observations and data like the presence of mass, gravity and our Big Bang as acknowledgements from the boundary between science and the unknown but maintain that the unknown has natural algorithmic causes. An acknowledgement is something that we can observe and can take as confirmation of an algorithmic aspect of nature without understanding the algorithm, i.e. an unexplained observation or event. The philosophy then is that those acknowledgements from the unknown are simply part of the algorithmic repeatable and dependable natural and eternal universe.

That is the QWC common ground with religion, i.e. we can view God and nature as one in the same. Anything that we acknowledge as an act of God like answered prayers, miracles, or the Big Bang, have natural causes that we don’t yet understand, but that we believe are repeatable and dependable. That is faith in nature.

We long ago realized that new thinking is the key to breaking down the barriers of theoretical incompatibility that block a wider understanding of nature. This applies to the incompatibility within science and the incompatibility between science and religion.

Though all science is tentative, the QWC universe itself, with all its arenas, hospitable environments, and free willed life forms that come and go across its infinite and eternal landscape, is as it should be and could be no other way because anything defined by natural laws that have always existed never had an opportunity to be governed by different laws. Again QWC and religion can find common ground in infinity and eternity.

Those concepts, combined with the QWC axioms and their derived “truths” make up the cosmology and the philosophy of QWC. I happily proceed with my own particular type of delusion as I sometimes say to appease the non-cult members.

******** End of Common Ground post ********

 

Link to Google doc

good

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1VCNcHSHepi04RJH2qfhPMRy1UZTQDGypQEd_s_w3txc/edit?hl=en_US

 

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1VCNcHSHepi04RJH2qfhPMRy1UZTQDGypQEd_s_w3txc/edit?hl=en_US

 

 

 

06-15-11, 12:53 PM, #59

 

Combining posts #59 and #60

 

From Cosmology to Philosophy and Back

After going through the process here at SciForums of revisiting QWC, presenting the axioms and derived speculations, rewriting the philosophy of QWC, and presenting the “Common Ground” post, I now bounce off of the self-imposed limit to word density and expand the 100 word philosophy into a new list of 21 axioms and major derived “truths” that correspond to the speculative cosmology of QWC:

These are the 21 numbered axioms and derived speculations for future reference.

1. The universe is infinite and eternal

2. Energy is all there is and cannot be created or destroyed

3. Anything that appears non-algorithmic has natural causes that are algorithmic

4. The two major forces are expansion and collapse

5. Both major forces are expressed as wave energy

6. Matter is caused by synchronized inflowing and out flowing wave energy

7. Synchronized wave energy forms particles that contain energy

8. Out flowing wave energy is spherical and equal in all directions

9. Gravity is caused by a net directional imbalance in inflowing wave energy

10. Relative momentum causes a net directional imbalance in inflowing wave energy

11. Expansion momentum is imparted to matter as it forms in an expanding energy arena

12. Expanding arenas intersect and overlap across the landscape of the greater universe

13. Gravitational collapse of matter in arena overlaps reaches maximum energy density limits

14. Collapse bounces into expansion at the point of maximum energy density

15. Matter is negated by gravitational collapse and reforms during arena expansion

16. Our extended Hubble volume arena is an expanding environment where matter reformed

17. Life is generative and evolves to intelligent free willed life forms in expanding arenas

18. Intelligent life contemplates the nature of universe

19. An intelligent conclusion is that God and the universe are one in the same

20. An infinite and eternal universe is as it should be and could be no other way

21. Science is our tentative knowledge of the nature of the universe

Numbers 12, 13, 14, and 15 imply the formation of big crunches, the collapse of those crunches that forces matter and energy to the maximum possible energy density, and off of that maximum density there is a bounce which reverses the collapse into expansion. The expansion occurs after the existing matter in the crunch is negated to the wave energy that was contained in the particles of matter. It is the wave energy released from the containment of matter that provides the energy for the bounce. This type of QWC event refreshes the usefulness of the energy in the matter that entered the crunch and thus the energy is conserved and entropy is defeated.

Our Big Bang was such an event, and the landscape of the greater universe is composed of such events. That infinite and eternal landscape is characterized by arenas forming after bounces and then overlapping and crunching and bouncing. Each new arena contains energy contributed by multiple previous arenas whose galaxies and EM were captured in the overlap space.

… To be continued …

 

06-17-11, 11:44 AM, #61

 

To be added to QWC 2011 at SciForums from previous threads, modified and updated:

Discussion of arena time frames (reasonable and responsible speculation about quantification of time frames leading to the start of a new arena and through the maturation of that arena)

The Arena Clock and Time Frame of Preconditions

The following quote from Laure Mersini-Houghton (LMH) seems appropriate to introduce the concept of multiple arenas and their formation from events that occur on an on-going basis across the landscape of the greater universe:

http://arxiv.org/abs/0909.2330

Scientists continue to wrestle with the enigma of time. Is time a dynamic or a fundamental property of spacetime? Why does it have an arrow pointing from past to future? Why are physical laws time-symmetric in a universe with broken time-reversal symmetry? These questions remain a mystery. The hope has been that an understanding of the selection of the initial state for our universe would solve such puzzles, especially that of time's arrow.

In this article, I discuss how the birth of the universe from the multiverse helps to unravel the nature of time and the reasons behind the time-reversal symmetry of our physical laws. I make the distinction between a local emerging arrow of time in the nucleating universe and the fundamental time with no arrow in the multiverse. The very event of nucleation of the universe from the multiverse breaks time-reversal symmetry, inducing a locally emergent arrow. But, the laws of physics imprinted on this bubble are not processed at birth. Time-reversal symmetry of laws in our universe is inherited from its birth in the multiverse, since these laws originate from the arrowless multiversal time.

LMH is an Assoc. Professor of Cosmology, Particle Astrophysics, String Cosmology, High Energy Physics, in the Department of Physics and Astronomy, at the University of North Carolina, and has interest in Early and Late Times Universe, Dark Energy, Observational Constraints on Theoretical Models in Cosmology, Phenomenological Implications of String Theory, Transplanckian Physics, Extra Dimensional Scenarios and Brane-Worlds in Cosmological Issues. I have adopted her as my personal physicist.

I became aware of her work by viewing the six episodes of, “What Happened before the Big Bang”, the BBC Horizon 2010 series on YouTube.

Of course in a multiple Big Bang universe like QWC, each new arena has preconditions. If events occurring at any given point in space were tracked back, an infinite length of time would have passed as endless events played out at that point in space. So if we could start a clock at the beginning of an arena and at a location in space that marks the center of gravity of the big crunch from which the arena emerges, we could quantify arena time for a particular arena originating at that point and expanding out from that point in space. For this discussion that point is fixed in QWC absolute space.

QWC absolute space is used for convenience in discussing a sequence of related events that occur that have a common origination point in space and in time. Over time, multiple events will happen at that point in space. If star A passes that point and then star B passed that point, from the perspective of QWC absolute space, star A moved into and out of that space followed by star B moving into and out of that space. Did that space itself move relative to other space? In QWC that answer is no, space is infinite and has always existed and space is simply where things happen.  Obviously relative motion occurs and events can occur in different inertial frames, but witnessing an event that occurred in a different frame cannot cause that other frame to move.  This means that an observer passing an arena would see it as an oblate spheroid in the distance instead of as an expanding sphere in his rest frame.

This series of posts is reasonable and responsible speculation about suppositions on what the time frames might be for the development and maturation of a specific arena. If a new arena starts at time zero (t=0) on that arena’s clock, and if we want to put a time frame on events starting with the primary preconditions, then the first major event is the intersection of two or more parent arenas back in time.

Each mature parent arena is like our own expanding observable Hubble volume of space filled with galaxies and galaxy groups all moving away from each other. When the intersection occurs between two parent arenas we can say that it marks a point in time that can be described as the start of the countdown to the formation and burst of a new big crunch. If the burst marks the t=0 point on the new arena’s clock, then the intersection that marks the start of the countdown occurs at t-n Arena Time, where “t” is the t=0 of the new arena, and where “n” is the number of years before t=0 when the intersection of the parent arenas occurs. For talking purposes let’s say that n=-10^12 or a trillion years before t=0.

In advanced QWC we speculate that “n” is dependent on the average spacing of arena “centers of gravity” throughout the greater universe. That would make the spacing dependent on the average energy density of the greater universe and so “n” is a function of the average energy density of the greater universe. Note that each arena has location in QWC absolute space but not relative momentum vs. other arena centers.  The fixed location is established when the arena forms and the arena does not move through space, it expands in preexisting space relative to its initial point of origin.  More on that in advanced QWC for similarly deluded laymen.

I’m using -10^12 years as the average period from the intersection of parent arenas to the burst of the new arena, but of course I am speculating. Some evidence may come along someday; the observation called dark flow could be a candidate for such evidence when better data and proper review takes place.

All arenas have an individual t=0 Arena Time but unremarkably the individual t=0 Arena Time cannot be tracked back to any major common event in the heritage of multiple arenas, i.e. there is no beginning of time to which all motion can be backtracked. Each arena has its own individual heritage and each tracks back to that point in time when its parent arenas intersected. Given that however, there is an expectation of consistency in the arena process and the unknown variable length of time that passes from the intersection until the burst is expected to fall close enough to the average to support that idea of consistency overall.

… To be continued …

 

06-18-11, 09:15 AM, #64

 

I just speculated about the length of time it might take for an arena to form from the overlap of two preceding arenas.

The new arenas of course are the way the greater universe defeats entropy and can exist eternally without suffering one of the final outcomes predicted by the current consensus cosmology where entropy becomes complete and there is no useful energy left.

Remember that my axioms have lead to these speculations in a step by step fashion. Even if you object to me speculating, the speculations are not baseless. I use axioms and the speculations are based on the axioms. The way to attack my speculations is to address the axioms and falsify them. But that would be the scientific way and we know that the flamers who are avowed non-cult members do not adore or adhere to the strengths of the scientific method.

Introducing Critical Capacity

So we can follow the derived speculations to the point that parent arenas quite similar to our own arena (that occupies our expanding Hubble volume of space) can intersect and overlap and give rise to new big crunches. The crunches are composed of the galactic material that has entered the overlap space from the expanding parent arenas. When the parent arenas overlap, the gravity of the galactic materials converging from the expanding parent arenas takes hold and defeats the expansion momentum of the material and causes the big crunch to form. These crunches will grow and reach thresholds and limits that will cause them to collapse, bounce off the maximum density limit, and burst into expansion to give birth to new arenas.

I have put a speculative time frame to the gestation period from arena intersection to the burst of maybe on average ~10^12 years for talking purposes, i.e. intersection (I) occurs at t-n; I=t-n.

I use the intersection of two parent arenas to mark the start of the arena clock to speculatively quantify the time frame involved. The overlap begins at the point in time of the intersection of the parents and it is expansion of both arenas that drives the increase in the volume of space and the amount of galactic material in the overlap space; they expand into each other's space. That said, we then come to the next major event, the point where the overlap has encompassed enough galactic material and debris from the parent arenas to equal the Critical Capacity required for a Big Burst.

I have an equation for the critical capacity threshold but it is trivial.

 

The equation is based on this graphic and simply equates the overlap portion of the two parents to the content of the two parents divided by 2, and when the equation equals 1, there is enough matter and energy in the overlap to assure critical capacity has been reached. The speculation is that there is a minimum about of energy required for all new arenas and a new arena is assured when the big crunch reaches that capacity.

Critical Capacity equates to an energy threshold because any quantity of matter and energy below that threshold will not produce enough compression to enable a crunch to burst into a new arena and all arenas will start out with that critical amount of energy.

Reaching the Critical Capacity Threshold (CCT or T1) is the longest phase of the ~10^12 years; let’s say that it lasts x% of n. If n=~10^12 and ‘x%’ is say 90% of that for talking purposes, we are talking about 900 billion years for this baby to reach critical capacity.

... To be continued ...

 

 

06-18-11, 01:13 PM, #65

Like I say, trivial. The intersection and overlap of two spheres produces volumes called caps and two caps form a lens.

I know the equation can be greatly simplified but I like to show it this way because my pea brain can see how the pieces in the graphic relate to the equation. The equation always yields the percentage of one "critical capacity" that is accumulated in the overlap space (the lens). When the equation yields a value of one, critical capacity has been reached and there is enough energy in the overlap to cause a big crunch to collapse and bounce into expansion according to the speculations of QWC.

 

6/19/2011, 01:44 AM, #72 (SZ post after some flaming posts, :))

Perhaps one of the most bizarre attributes of our species is our apparent need to engage in conflict over ideology and mere ideas, even when those concepts do not have any effect on the available resources or one's quality of life.

Then again, maybe such intellectual sparring is a means whereby we determine our status in our peer group, as determined by those who either accept/reject/tolerate our perspectives.

An interesting need that most have to accept one model over another, as it is discomfiting for many to hold more than one concept in mind at any given time. Either/or seems ever the dialogue, yet until a concept can be measured, why not enjoy the mental sampling of both, is ever my ponder.

Why are we such an intolerant species? What is gained or lost? Hmmmmm......

06-24-11, 11:13 AM, #92

I've been enjoying nature at the Maple pavilion today and taking that opportunity to edit some posts and update my thread summary. I added some content to post #41 where I brought in MD's moving light box idea and thought I would post the edited and updated content here in post #92 as well.

My interest in MD’s Relativity of Simultaneity stems from my QWC speculations:

1) In QWC there is an arena process where arenas that emerge from Big Bangs have a fixed point in space from which their arena expansion occurs. Expansion of the arena extends out from that point in space presumably at the speed of light. Multiple arenas represent multiple fixed points in space and time. Can an entire arena have motion relative to other arenas? It depends on how wave energy is propagated through space. Special Relativity implies the light sphere can move with the motion of the observer and always appear spherical to all observers.

Part of the controversy centers around the use of the word “absolute”. In current theory there is no absolute point in space because everything is relative. Some people interpret that to mean that a flash of light will expand spherically in all inertial frames of reference. That view is quite popular because of Einstein’s Theory of Special Relativity.

Read and study it and you find that the math of Lorentz transformations works perfectly to show how variables like length and time will change between frames in order to bring all variables in agreement with a constant, a common denominator based on the invariant speed of light in vacuum. Using those transformations to adjust between frames, the light sphere remains a sphere in all frames.

But common sense says that if light has an invariant speed in the vacuum of space, an object moving at relativistic speeds to a flash of light will see the shape shifted (relativistically Doppler shifted) into an oblate spheroid where the diameter in the direction of motion is smaller than the diameter perpendicular to the motion, hence, length contraction. Then we realize that if the light sphere is not a sphere, the speed of light playing out as the oval (oblate spheroid) expands cannot be invariant. Hence, time dilation comes into the picture to say that the shorter distance of light travel in the direction of motion is a time measurement issue and that time passes slower in that direction and so it takes the same amount of time to travel from the point of emission in the direction of motion as it does perpendicular to the motion.

These transformations work mathematically but they also introduce the concept of length contraction and time dilation. The cause of length contraction and time dilation in SR is not acceleration or gravitation, it is simply relative motion. The cause of time dilation and length contraction in QWC is the energy density effect and the tidal effect.

I reject the notion of SR time dilation and length contraction in QWC. If you say that time dilation has been proven by synchronized clocks or by careful measurements in cases of relative motion, you are correct. However, in QWC that time dilation would have been due to differences in the energy density of the environment assuming that clocks run slower as the energy density increases. Acceleration increases the energy density and gravitation increases the energy density, and so far, no time dilation is shown to occur without corresponding differences in energy density.

2) Also, in QWC there is a process of quantum action that establishes the physical presence of particles of matter. Quantum action is characterized by high density spots that are momentarily fixed in space and time, and the standing wave concept of particles advocated by QWC is completely compatible with the concept of fixed high density spots in space and time, whether or not you want to call it absolute space and time.

The high density spot marks a point in space and time where a spherical wave of energy is emitted from the spot as part of the process of establishing the presence of matter. It takes billions of these high density spots to represent the presence of a single fundamental particle like an electron or a quark. If you could see closely from the QWC perspective into the fundamental particles of the Standard Particle Model, you would see a grand fireworks display, not literally because it is not light waves, but the spots would be forming and bursting in an awesome array where ever the particle presence exits. The particle will be moving through space but the high-density spot will form at a point in space, burst, and emit a spherically expanding energy wave that is expanding equally at the speed of light in all directions. As the particle moves, its hoard of high density spots seems to move with it but really the spots form and burst so quickly that the motion of the particle is not jerky but smooth. As the spots re-form they do so in a slightly different location in space based on the motion of the particle because the particle has the stability afforded to it by its status as an energy environment and the spots represent contained energy, i.e. a particle is an individual energy environment within which the energy density equalizes itself relative to the surrounding environment. The process of high density spot formation and burst is part of the process of energy density equalization within the particle.

3) In QWC gravity is caused by an imbalance between inflowing and out flowing wave energy associated with quantum action that establishes the presence of mass. The notion of fixed points of emission of out flowing gravity waves is completely compatible with the concept of points fixed in space and time as it is described relative to QWC Big Bang centers of gravity and particle high density spot locations in space during quantum action.

 

06-24-11, 01:12 PM, #93

I also revised post #48 as follows:

06-09-11, 03:11 PM, #48

Non-cult members have not come to grips with the possibility that the Big Bang might have been caused by physics that is non-Lorentz compatible, or the possibility that particles have internal wave energy composition that is not Lorentz compatible, and therefore the presence of matter, gravity and big bangs is not Lorentz dependent.

The cause of big bangs and the cause of the presence of particles create an environment where Lorentz transformations can be mathematically applied, such as within our expanding arena and outside of particle composition. Both the formation and expansion of an arena and the wave energy composition and quantum action that establishes the presence of mass and gravity are not Lorentz compatible in QWC because they both feature spherical expansion in space that would not be viewed as spherical from moving reference frames. The expanding energy waves of big bangs and high density spots within particles will be viewed as oblate spheroids in frames moving relative to the spherical wave emission, a point in space that does not move.

SR can’t live with that. In QWC, motion causes the oval view in the same way that the view would look if Lorentz transformations were considered purely mathematical adjustments of the length and time variables, i.e. the moving observer who could see the whole sphere would see it as an oblate spheroid and would have to do math to figure out what he would be seeing if he was at rest relative to the point of emission of the sphere. But that is not what SR implies. SR implies the every observer will see the sphere and not the spheroid. In SR, if you apply QWC logic, the oblate spheroid is what the observer at rest concludes would be seen by moving observers but all observes in SR can consider themselves are rest within their frame and so must see the sphere and not the spheroid.

 

06-29-11, 12:29 AM, #94

Mainstream science has some well known inconsistencies. The consensus cosmology and the consensus particle model are not yet unified. Nature is unified and so the inconsistencies that exist represent incomplete knowledge and understanding of nature. We are held back by our limited ability to observe at the micro and macro levels and we don’t yet have a grand unifying theory.

My interests lie in the area of speculating about what we might find if we had the tools to observe the ultimate depths and farthest reaches of nature.

In order to make it easy for someone to read the topical content of this thread I periodically update a running summary document that includes revisions I have made to earlier posts and drops the off topic posts so a new reader can get up to speed with the least effort. But first let me do a little reorganization to bring in some content I posted elsewhere. In the thread called, “Continuous or discrete universe”, in the Physics and Math forum I posted some speculative views that I’ll bring over here to this Pseudoscience thread where they are more at home, lol. Here are two posts from over there for incorporation into this thread. I think they would fit best at the beginning of the thread so in the next recap I’ll fit them in up front.

Post 1

VoidSet, here we have, in less than a thousand words, my layman's essay on speculation about the nature of a fundamentally continuous universe as opposed to a discrete or digital universe. This describes an infinite and boundless greater universe and not a spherical universe but it does include a lot of spherical expansion like each big bang arena.

Let’s start out based on a premise that the foundational nature of the universe is continuous.

I’ll call it, “About Continuous Wave Energy that Traverses Space, a Premise”

Waves of what? Waves in what?

In regard to light, “waves of what” is electromagnetic waves. They are well defined and their source, means of propagation, and the nature of light makes up a good portion of what most students learn in physics. We can describe EM wave action by saying they are emitted by atomic and molecular dipoles, are propagated by transverse electric and magnetic fields, they carry energy, have frequency, wavelength, and they display both wave and particle characteristics.

And yet there is speculation about the nature of light and what makes it act the way we observe it to act. For example how curved in-phase light wave fronts seem to have rays at every point and vector perpendicular to the wave front of the curved plane surface and maintain that characteristic at every radius throughout their spherical expansion. Or how light passes through pin holes and even tubes smaller than the wave length and emerges as spherical wave fronts.

In regard to light, we don’t view the “waves in what” as a medium that all things move through, we view light moving via transverse self-propagating fields. But fields don’t just apply to light. Everything that traverses space is said to have a field through which the energy is propagated or associated with the force that initiates it. There is no action at a distance without a field as far as we can detect. Gravitational fields, electrical fields, magnetic fields, various other fields like the Higgs field, quantum field theory, the digital geometry of spacetime field (OK, maybe not that one, lol) … multiple fields everywhere seems to be the way the background of the universe is described.

Waves of energy can be contained and released by processes of nature but can never be permanently subdued or destroyed. They can be contained in particles by a natural process, and freed from particles as out-flowing waves that might leave the particle essentially intact or change the particle. Wave energy can be freed from the particles by destroying the particles and releasing various other particles along with some of the contained kinetic and/or wave energy. The more we experiment the more we learn, and the more we learn, the more we think there is to learn.

There are limits and thresholds governed by natural processes that control and orchestrate the flow of energy waves but there is no process that can create or destroy energy, and that is the law, and one that is clearly in the consensus. Once a particle is established, it is sustained for various durations, maybe by inflowing and out flowing wave energy, particle charge, spin, interacting particles and/or defined forces and yet the particle story is also incomplete, which stimulates more speculation. Are there gravity waves? How can we detect them? Are they high frequency or low frequency or both?

Speculatively, the space surrounding a particle is filled with wave energy, some of which is flowing toward, into, through, and around the particle and some of which is flowing within, out of, away from, and out from around the particle.

If there is a medium, the medium is wave energy itself as the wave crests and troughs continuously carry energy from their origin, flowing through each other and forming converging crests and troughs that form and diverge continuously. Wave action fills every point in space. If all energy is eternal and has always existed, then all space has always been filled with wave energy, and so speculatively, space filled with wave energy at all points is the medium.

Given that description of the background medium of wave energy, natural processes use the wave energy background to establish the presence of matter and nature uses the presence of matter and its gravity to perpetuate wave energy through collapse and expansion that play out within limits of wave energy density.

Expansion and collapse can speculatively characterize the nature of particles at the quantum wave level, maybe through synchronization or standing waves. At the grand scale of the greater universe, expansion and collapse is speculatively characterized by the gravitational collapse of matter composed of wave energy. Matter would collapse into big crunches and as a limit of matter compression is reached, crunches would collapse as the matter in the crunch succumbed to the gravitational compression. The collapse would occur as soon as the crunches reach a maximum density limit associated with matter. The collapse of the matter into the wave energy of which the matter is composed would be called a big bang.

The force of the collapse would bounce off of a maximum natural limit of wave energy density, i.e. nature does not allow infinite wave energy density, and as the maximum allowed density is reached during the collapse, the momentum of the collapse bounces off of the naturally imposed limit and into expansion. Expanding wave energy emerges from these big bangs and perpetuates the wave energy of the background of the greater universe.

Thus the premise that the foundational nature of the universe is continuous would be completely compatible with a cosmology of a boundless and eternal universe characterized by particles and big bangs that are in compliance with natural processes that orchestrate the expansion and compression of wave energy, the formation of matter from wave energy, and the negation of matter into wave energy through limits and thresholds at work in accordance with the invariant natural laws of the universe.

Post 2

VoidSet, I never did get a response from you about my post on how you could be living in an essentially spherical universe if our Big Bang was the one and only.

To avoid being channeled into current theories I think we can talk about foundational matters from a fresh viewpoint. Let’s make it axiomatic that space is filled with wave energy; gravity waves, EM waves, converging and diverging waves at all points in space as I supposed in my easy on the continuous nature of the universe.

And from that same viewpoint, let’s make it axiomatic that time is a continuum and simply passes at the same rate at all points in space instead to being entwined in the spacetime continuum.

These two postulates together can be used to derive a view of the universe.

Don’t get me wrong, time is entwined with motion. Everything takes time to occur, but the duration of events is a measure as time passes and in this view does not change depending on the perspective or motion that an observer has on the event. That different perspective only changes the time that will show on clocks in motion relative to each other, i.e. time dilation due to energy density differences between the environments of the clocks.

To be brief, in this view, time dilation as defined by SR is replaced by alternative ideas about the effect of wave energy density on the motion of matter through space. Gravitational fields cause time dilation because the intensity of wave energy density is greater near the surface of an object than it is at a distance from the object. Time dilation caused by acceleration is due to the wave energy intensity increase required to accelerate an object through the existing wave energy in all space. Hence both gravity and acceleration can cause time dilation because they require the energy density of the space occupied by the object to increase. This view also includes the speculation that particles of matter have a functioning rate and that rate is variable relative to the energy density of the environment. Acceleration can also cause length contraction according to the alternative ideas. So both time dilation and length contraction are part of the new view.

Given the axiom that time flows on a smooth continuum, then let’s take a freeze frame look at a patch of space at a point in time and digitize it. There will be high density spots where wave energy converges and low density spots where wave troughs coincide.

Because everything is in motion as waves traverse the wave energy background, each consecutive freeze frame, regardless of the duration between them, will show motion from one point in time to the next that will be portrayed as a change in the pattern of high density and low density spots. This would look like the cellular automation link in the earlier post.

There are an infinite number of different durations you could use between freeze frames but if there were preferred durations in nature, the continuous change due to wave energy motion could be digitized from a continuous wave energy flow by using the preferred duration. Don’t get ahead of me here because the result is not the same as the automaton.

A preferred duration implies that there is a natural process that applies to converging wave energy (which is the continuous fundamental nature of reality in this scenario) that takes a discrete length of time to occur. That process in my scenario is called quantum action and is characterized by what physically occurs within the high density spots that form and appear as waves converge. In the freeze frame these convergences are the high density spots that show up.

The “delta t” in a freeze frame sequence of snap shots could be set to correspond with one set of high density spots and show the start and end of quantum action in regard to that one synchronized set of high density spots.

Immediately it becomes obvious that there is not just one set of synchronized spots like in the automaton because during the quantum period that marks the duration of the quantum process, other high density spots form that were not the spots in the first frame or the spots in the second frame. Because we speculate that the duration is a function of the process of quantum action, we conclude that the presence of the spots from one frame, separated by the quantum period, to the next frame will represent only a portion of the high density spots that occur in the patch of space we are depicting. Stay with me on this.

Further we can conclude that the spots in the second frame are not the same spots as in the first frame, but are different spots formed by different wave energy convergences. The spots in the first frame have played out because waves continue on after they converge and flow through each other. In accordance with the quantum action process there is action that takes place as waves converge and that occurs during the brief duration of convergence before the waves have completely flowed on.

So what is that quantum process doing during the wave convergence, a brief quantum period to say the least? The answer might be that the process that takes a finite and discrete quantum period to occur is the processing of the converging waves that inflow to the high density spot. That processing results in out flowing waves that emerges from the spots slightly altered from their inflowing curved plane shape. Quantum action includes the equalization of energy density within the convergence space that occurs during the brief convergence period. That equalization results in the out flowing waves being spherical and equal in all directions, synchronized out flow, just as if the inflowing waves had passed through a pin hole in space (the space disturbed by quantum action) and emerged from the pin hole as spherically expanding waves.

So you see, VoidSet, in this continuous view of the natural universe we have the spherical nature of the universe at both the quantum level and at the Big Bang level. Do you like it?

 

07-11-11, 12:37 PM, #95

 

As is typified by the simple equation for determine the point that critical capacity is reached in the overlap of two parent arenas, I have hinted at some new physics that differentiates QWC from all other cosmologies. As I have so far described the scenario here and in previous threads on various forums, the power of the speculated new physics is aimed at conveying a sense of sameness from one arena to the next. QWC adheres to this consistency and sameness and not to the “at random diversity” of the multiverse that is where science has brought us as of these times.

QWC confronts what we don’t yet understand and speculates about a reasonable and responsible alternative. The “arbiter” of reasonable and responsible is me, self-appointed and saying what I think and not what you think or what you think you know. We don’t know, and I speculate. Do you? No one here so far has said they have any ideas about preconditions to the big bang. But it takes the likes of Laura Mersini-Houghton, and those she references in the footnotes to her latest paper, “Is Eternal Inflation Eternal?”, to offer up peer reviewed speculation that concludes that Lorentz invariance cannot explain eternal inflation because past incomplete inflation cannot be future eternal. You won't understand that unless you grasp the fact that there is no important current view of cosmology being considered that addresses the fact that a singularity at the beginning cannot result in a finite universe that is eternal.

Picking up the scenario where I left off, reaching Critical Capacity is a calm event relative to what lies ahead. So t-n+(nx) brings us to critical capacity at threshold T1, and using the average value of T1 as a consistent span of time in the formation of a typical big crunch, the period between T1 and t=0 is n-T1.

We can equate the finite energy content of the final phase of the big crunch and of the emerging new arena to the energy content of the matter and radiation that is captured in the overlap lens as of T1. The lens shape overlap between two intersecting spheres (the parent arenas) is a simplified version of the shape of the growing overlap and of course would be a truncated lens if more than two existing arenas are involved in the formation of the overlap (a concept consistent with a self sustaining lattice landscape to be discussed in advanced QWC) .

So T1 denotes a span of time and a threshold in the big crunch process, and also is associated with a consistent finite amount of energy in all of its forms required for the completion of a single big crunch that occurs somewhere in the arena landscape of the greater universe.

… To be continued …

 

07-16-11, 10:18 AM, #96

As the overlap of the parent arenas continues and T1 passes, more and more galaxies and clusters are being captured in the overlap due to continued expansion momentum imparted to them during the parent arena maturation process. A center of gravity is getting established in the middle of the overlap. This center of gravity will be the focus point of the future crunch and burst. The center of gravity is a QWC point in absolute space because the event that happens there will be considered to have no momentum relative to the centers of gravity of the parent arenas.

By the time Critical Capacity was reached at T1 this center of gravity was already crammed with a massive black hole that has captured whole galaxies and clusters and is accreting more at an accelerating rate. This growing Massive Black Hole (MBH) is the home of QWC Gamma Chaos, an environment of such acceleration and compression that even Gamma Rays cannot escape and the growing MBH is well on its way to becoming an Ultimate Black Hole (UBH) which is required for the Big Crunch to bounce and bang at t=0.

The nature of the contents of the growing MBH is speculated to be recognizable fundamental particles that are still functioning as evidenced by the growing gravitational attraction of the MBH. Particles cease to emit gravity when they are negated into their constituent wave energy in less than the required sufficient space for quantum action to occur; gravity ceases to be emitted by the wave energy from the negated particles.

Someone who has read about QWC will know that the big event that is coming is a collapse of the UBH due to growing gravitational compression on the existing particles. Each individual particle space has remained sufficient to allow the particles to function as particles up to this point. The collapse of the big crunch occurs when the force of gravity exceeds the ability of particles to maintain their individual space and an energy compression collapse occurs. As the collapse occurs the wave energy of the negated particles is compressed into the minimum possible space available at the maximum possible wave energy density allowed by nature. Infinite wave energy density is not considered possible in QWC. The bounce occurs as the compressed wave energy reaches that maximum density and cannot be further compressed. The momentum of the collapsing wave energy bounces off the maximum energy density limit and bursts into expansion typical of this big bang type of event.

… To be continued …

 

7/22/2011, 09:48 AM, #97

Before the collapse and bounce that heralds the new arena at t=0 there is another mentionable period of time. It is the period between T1 and L1, L1 being Limit 1 which represents the highest possible level of energy density in the universe, an absolute. We can define this interim period of time as t-n+(nx)+(ny) where ‘y’ is a percentage of n-T1 that it takes for the maximum possible energy density to occur at the core of the big crunch after critical capacity has been reached in the overlap space.

Limit 1 is speculated to exist because there needs to be such a limit in order for there to be an arena landscape characterized by a similarity between arenas and a sameness of physics among all arenas. Every time that L1 is reached anywhere in the universe it occurs inside a big crunch. Its presence foretells that there is going to be a big bang very soon. The only time factor to determine how long “pretty soon” is the time delay for the L1 condition to bounce back through the compression profile of the crunch. L1 is the beginning of the bounce which is a push back that represents the expansion potential of the big bang. As the volume of space occupied by the L1 condition grows, the expansion potential grows and when the expansion potential exceeds the compression of the un-negated big crunch there is not enough compression remaining to contain the bounce. The Big Bang occurs as the expansion potential of the L1 state is released.

The Limit 1 state, L1, represents the conserved wave energy of individual physical particles that were negated when the space they occupied collapsed the wave energy into a new physical state of energy called the dense state.

Dense state energy arises when the remaining individual particles of the dense particle soup of the big crunch are negated, i.e. stripped of their individuality by being restricted of sufficient space to function as individual particles. They give up that required space reluctantly under growing compression and at L1, the maximum possible density, all expendable space is spent by the remaining particles at the center of the soup. The reason that this is the maximum is because when it is reached the inward compression can no longer be absorbed at the core of the crunch and is reversed from inward wave action of the converging parent arenas to outward wave action of the new arena. The crunch is a building compression wave where the wave energy of the particles captured in the crunch is increased to a maximum frequency allowable by nature. When that frequency is reached at L1, the Big Bang Event is set into motion.

How long does it take from L1 to t=0, the Bang? If we can say that L1 occurs at t-n+(nx)+(ny), and if we put a value of 99.999999999% on ‘y’, then n-L1=0.000000001*900,000 years or about .0009 years which equates to a few hours, but like I said, these are for talking purposes.

Given that talk, it takes a trillion years from the time that two parent arenas intersect until the Big Bang announces a new arena, and the last few hours of the trillion years is just a time delay between the point in time where the maximum possible energy density is reached at the core of the crunch and the time when the crunch outwardly gives way to the compression bounce. Bang!

By the time the bang occurs the outward momentum of the energy potential of the crunch produces accelerating expansion in the first instant after t=0; expansion of the dense state energy into the existing space surrounding the big crunch. Thus ends the internal preconditions to the Big Bang ...

 

7/22/2011 3:41 PM, #98

I have modified this post from a Private Message and am including it in my current thread for future reference since this thread will become the outline for future QWC updates.

The PM: Many people who are familiar with Big Bang Theory, Inflation and General Relativity are not as familiar with multiverse cosmologies and one GR expert has recommended that I consult someone who is active in String Theory who might be better suited to answer my question (the question posed in another thread). Please consider Laura Mersini-Houghton as my counsel in regard to string theory and consider her referenced paper on “Is Eternal Inflation Eternal” as a current reference regarding the state of alternative multiverse cosmologies. Her paper and especially the footnotes provide a look at the current state of multiverse cosmology and if a pea brain like me or any smart guy were to be interested in understanding the multiverse alternatives, a thorough reading of the paper done with constant reference to the footnoted papers would be an excellent place to start and it can be done in an evening given your background.

I think I understand what you are saying about the use of the term Lorentz Invariance in regard to models of General Relativity. My references to curved spacetime in QWC generally amount to what replaces curved spacetime in my speculations. QWC acknowledges that in a body of physics laws that features an invariant speed of light there comes a point in the relative motion of objects where classical approaches fail because objects cannot be accelerated to the speed of light.

General Relativity solves the classical problems with math that sets the limit of relative motion to the speed of light and transforms the variables of time and distance between objects in relative motion by employing time dilation and length contraction. Thus the physics within which the universe operates is the same in all reference frames and for all reference bodies regardless of the relative motion of objects because there is a limit of c imposed on all relative motion.

QWC is compatible with the law that nothing but light can travel at c, but solves the problem by speculating that the limit is imposed by wave energy density. In QWC all space has wave energy density and the rate that light traverses space is relative to the energy density of that space. For example, the path that light follows can be curved (deflection) by passing through a lens of space that contains higher energy density like the space surrounding massive objects like stars. Accelerated objects act as if they are traversing space that contains higher energy density than the existing background wave energy density. The speculation is that the wave energy density of an accelerated object increases relative to an object at rest.

To elaborate, matter of course is composed of particles, the QWC speculation is that particles function within a range of energy density, and therefore there are limits at the maximum and minimum points on that range which define the range within which particles can function as matter.

The limits of energy density are imposed by nature and so matter cannot be compressed beyond a limit without causing matter to cease functioning due to lack of sufficient space. It follows that particles require a finite amount of space to function and one of the functions that requires space is quantum action which is speculated to be the process that establishes the presence of mass and gravity out of otherwise unquantized wave energy.

Opposite to the limit of compression of matter that causes matter to cease functioning is the minimum limit of wave energy density needed to support the presence of matter in the first place. In QWC wave energy density fills all space and matter is composed of wave energy density that is synchronized and quantified. Synchronization and quantification require at least a minimum level of energy density in order to occur. It follows that particles cannot form and quantum action cannot take place if the wave energy density of the environment is too low.

The mediator of the limit is a background of wave energy which serves as the surrounding environment of objects at rest, i.e. a background that surrounds all matter. As matter is accelerated through that background there is an additive effect where any force or potential force requires wave energy density (force being a differential in wave energy density) and that wave energy is added to the wave energy density of an object being accelerated. It means that more and more wave energy must be concentrated on an object to continue accelerating it. Before that object can reach the speed of light the additional wave energy requirement becomes infinite and cannot be fulfilled and thus no object can be accelerated to the speed of light.

How is the energy density of an environment characterized? We can’t measure it at the foundational levels of nature but in QWC I speculate that everything material is composed of spherical wave energy that is synchronized between inflowing and out flowing wave energy and wave energy is always conserved. That necessitates the postulate that wave energy has always existed and cannot be created or destroyed. “Always” means eternal and eternal time is one of the infinities speculated about in QWC. That speculation is that the universe has always existed and has always been composed of wave energy, wave energy is always conserved, and so all existing space is filled with wave energy density.

The only variable is the amount of wave energy in any given space and if the universe has always existed all space must already contain some level of energy density. That raises the question of the infinity of space and in QWC it is postulated that space is infinite and has always exited and has always contained wave energy. Therefore, there is a universal fixed finite average energy density of space on a grand scale. The energy density of any finite patch of space fluctuates as more or less energy density enters that fixed volume of space.

Those speculations lead to the derivation of another speculative QWC truth and that is that there are eternal opposing forces that cause energy density to perpetually fluctuate. Perpetual energy density fluctuation prevents the energy density of all space from becoming equalized at the universal average wave energy density level. Those two opposing forces are expansion and contraction which are mediated by the process of quantum action that establishes the presence of matter and at the same time initiates the presence of gravity. The catch is that matter requires wave energy expansion to form (Big Bang inflation and expansion) and the presence of matter and gravity cause wave energy to collapse (big crunches speculated to result in big bangs).

Thus the mediation of expansion and collapse is wave energy density itself and expansion and collapse are the result of the difference between quantified and unquantified wave energy, i.e. the presence of mass. So matter is quantified wave energy and quantified wave energy is the product of the natural process called quantum action.

If the big bang universe that you are familiar with and quite an expert on can be more than one in number, i.e. if there were more than one big bang universe, then we would be talking about a multiverse which is multiple arenas in the context of QWC. If you don’t claim to be too familiar with multiverse cosmology I encourage you to spend an evening with Laura Mersini-Houghton and her paper and pay particular attention the references in her footnotes (books and papers).

 

07-28-11 09:08 AM, #99

 

Post #26 covered a lot of topics, some of which I said I would elaborate on later. One topic can be addressed with the question, why do I say that compressed particles function slower relative to uncompressed particles?

Remember that the fundamental particles of standard physics are composed of quantum particles in QWC, so three quarks for example, making up a proton or neutron, would be speculatively composed of perhaps billions of quantum particles or standing wave convergences (energy quanta). In a standard particle environment of relatively uncompressed particles, the quanta give off an out flow of synchronized quantum waves that are utilized by neighboring standing wave convergences to sustain their inflow. There is dependence within the particles on this exchange of wave energy that is taking place at the quantum level within the quarks/protons and quarks/neutrons to sustain the presence and stability of the composition particle.

Compression which can occur in high energy physics involves an increase in the number of accelerated particles operating within the same volume of space. For example, gravitational acceleration is an example of particle compression. Time dilation is a mainstream effect of gravitational acceleration and it is proved that the rate that time passes on a clock that is accelerated by gravity slows down relative to a clock not being accelerated to the same degree (a clock at the mountain top will run faster than a clock at the foot of the mountain). This is the same effect that I refer to in QWC as the slowing of the functioning of particles in relatively compressed particle environments.

In QWC, as the gravitational compression on the particle environment continues to increase to magnitudes associated with a big crunch, the functioning of the particles will slow and eventually stop completely (clocks would be slowed to a stop) when the particle space collapses. The collapse leads to the universal maximum limit to wave energy density after the collapse. It is the cessation of the particle function that marks the initiation point of final collapse of the particle space and results in the bounce of the collapsing crunch into the expansion of the compressed wave energy. The bounce and expansion in QWC is associated with the Big Bang event in mainstream Big Bang Theory.

 

 

 

09-02-11, 03:35 PM, #102

Originally Posted by wlminex

QW: . . . and just what is your definition of an "axiom" within the context of the scientific method, hypotheses, theories, etc? . . . something that cannot be 'disproven'?

Thanks . . . just asking . . . wlminex

Axioms or postulates, in my pea brained usage, are things that we can't readily prove but that are not easily refuted as in things that seem self-evident or that seem to have to be true, i.e. necessary truths. If you read the opening post you will see how I use axioms in my personal view of cosmology. I am the first to admit that if someone wants to they can find plenty wrong with the terms I use throughout my threads but I got over worrying about that long ago. I'm not writing this for professionals, I'm writing this to get input from anyone who wants to contribute. I pretend that QWC has no internal inconsistencies and is not inconsistent with known science and data. If you think I'm wrong about that your input would be appreciated.

Thanks for asking.

 

09-05-11, 09:13 AM, #153

Originally Posted by Pincho Paxton

And from the Aether, you get the maths, and the physics. Take for example a snowflake. The mathematical model is based on crystal growth formulas. The Aether model is based on simple pressure....

 

 

Cool, OK, but if we talk aether you are asking for all the critics to come in and slap us down, lol. I’ll talk aether with you but the “aether” in QWC isn’t called aether, it is the wave energy background. It is a step-by-step description that starts with the QWC axiom that says “all there is in the universe is energy, wave energy that cannot be created or destroyed”, i.e. wave energy that has always existed.

Matter forms within the wave energy background when the waves become synchronized into standing wave patterns. I’m going on the idea that a lot of tiny little component waves make up the fundamental particles of the Standard Particle Model. I’m a dope.

Don’t be thinking that waves don’t change just because I said the wave energy has always existed and cannot be destroyed. The formation of a particle changes the wave energy because of what happens in the particle disturbed space. That particle space, an overlap of numerous converging wave crests where their densities converge, acts like a pinhole into which flows the unsynchronized wave energy, the inflowing component of the standing waves, and out of the pin hole at the center of the component particle the inflowing waves emerge as new tiny synchronized spherical out flowing quantum waves.

A stable particle would host innumerable (billions maybe) of these component wave interactions that form high density spots, and that move the wave energy in and around the larger particle. The wave motion is characterized as taking the out flow of one component particle space as the inflow to the adjacent component particle space, all within one larger stable particle. I am just speculating and have no evidence; nothing to get excited about.

 

09-06-11, 01:50 PM, #164

Originally Posted by Pincho Paxton

I can start this moving without cheating. You put the -1 inside the +1, and you have zero. You make it so that the two areas are identical. Now that this particle equals zero, it can be any scale. It will still equal zero if it fills the entire Universe. If you put a lot of them next to each other the Universe still equals zero. They can all expand as well, and still equal zero. But.. their edges will at some point overlap. Being as zero is taken from the centre of each particle, the overlap creates an area change of zero to something like + 00000000000000000000.1. The Universe has now evolved to 00000000000000000000.1. The Universal bubble has now stretched by 00000000000000000000.1. The tightening of the membrane pushed the particles apart, and you have evolved the first movement with 1+ -1 = 0, and you have evolved entropy, and Action at a distance.

 

Pincho, (anyone) if you wanted to help me get on board you could link me to a page that you are familiar with or even that you wrote yourself that explains in laymen lingo how a stable particle like a proton forms and sustains its presence. Presumably you would be referring me to current theory or at least some version of events in the early stages of our expanding universe (arena in QWC lingo).

I am ready to review any such links and your comments and rewrite the QWC view of that phenomenon if it seems warranted.

Here is the QWC view in a nutshell: Addressing the question, “If particles are made up of billions of those tiny wave convergences called high density spots, how do particles form from them and become stable in QWC?”

Let’s start by talking about a related key observation of science that serves as a departure point for the QWC axioms and derived speculations which lead to the QWC idea of energy quanta (quantum wave overlaps, high density spots). That observation is that the galaxies and galaxy groups appear to be moving away from each other and are doing so at an accelerating rate (observed expansion). I’ll show how that relates to speculation about particle formation in QWC.

I call the observed expansion of our known universe “separation momentum” of the galaxies and galaxy groups. In QWC I speculate that separation momentum was imparted to matter as it formed in the early expansion environment of our arena and was conserved as matter clumped and accumulated during the early period of stronger gravity. Clumping and accumulation due to gravity coupled with expansion momentum of the pre-particle filled arena would speculatively eventually lead to galaxies moving away from each other due to separation momentum conserved from the early expansion of the arena.

The inverse square law as it applies to gravity would mean that the gravitational attraction between the galaxies that are separating from each other would diminish as the separation increases. Given that, the rate of separation would accelerate as the gravitational component of separation momentum diminishes. If so, then you have a speculative explanation for the accelerating “expansion” of the arena (dark energy).

Now let’s look at a stable particle composed of billions of standing wave components or high density spots that formed early in the arena period during the particle formation phase. The arena was expanding rapidly and the initial quanta (high density spots) formed in what I call the pre-particle (dark matter) sea that filled the entire arena with high density spots (wave energy overlaps; wave convergences). The high density spots (HDS) feed off each other for the sustaining inflowing wave component until expansion separates the clumps of HDS, resulting in a finite number of quanta in a clump. I am speculating that there is a configuration of quanta that is most stable and the unstable configurations are weeded out due to their short lives, leaving only the stable configuration, the protons in this case being stable as opposed to quarks.

Let’s use the proton as the stable particle and use the wild ass speculation about how many quanta (high density spots) compose the stable proton at 1 trillion. Yikes, I know … would you rather use 1 billion? Whatever, I’ll use 1 trillion for now and I can always change it later. That vaguely corresponds to the surface quanta as a ratio of the total proton quanta at 1:2000 and in the general vicinity of the ratio of energy between an electron and a proton in my pea brained view.

Let’s say that the quantum waves, those spherical waves emerging from the “pin hole” (referred to in posts 33, 39 and 94) quantum space at the center of the wave convergences are traveling at the speed of light within the proton, but they don’t go directly to the surface and out of the proton, they go to adjacent internal quantum wave overlaps and come out the pin holes of those subsequent and adjacent high density spots during each high density spot duration or quantum period. Thus the out flow of energy in the form of quantum waves is delayed (containment ratio) of the proton and each individual delay has the duration of one quantum period. Energy from the quanta at the center of the proton could be delayed by billions of quantum periods before a small portion of it is leaked to the outside of the proton.

So we have a trillion quanta, and the surface of the proton is a tiny fraction 1/2000th say, of the entire quanta of the proton, so there are 999,500,000,000 quanta at any point in time that send out spherical waves that are fully contained within the proton surface during each quantum period. Also, only a fraction of the spherical waves emitted at the surface by surface quanta leaks out of the proton’s particle space because almost half of those surface spherical waves are pointed inward. Thus during each quantum period, there is leakage out of the proton of ~250,000,000 quanta. That is about 1/4000th the proton energy and it must be replaced by the inflowing wave energy from the surrounding environment.

 

The proton moves in the direction of the highest frequency of wave energy.

 

09-08-11, 09:07 AM, #173

The brief discussion about specific definitions of words brings me back to an old discussion about the definition of the word ‘energy’ in QWC.

Defining energy is easy in our modern Google world:

http://www.google.com/#hl=en&q=energ...w=1280&bih=633

In QWC energy is all that and specifically a few others:

It is the only thing in the universe, it is everything that exists, and that includes the physical things that can be detected and the things in the background that can’t be detected. Using that definition in QWC I predict that anything that is present at any given “now” is a complex configuration of wave energy. An object is composed of particles that are composed of wave energy. A thought occupies our brain and is composed of wave energy. Wave energy is coursing through every point in space from all directions at every instant. Wave energy is conserved and cannot be created or destroyed, but it can be reshaped and reused.

Also, specifically in QWC, energy is the component of density and all environments and systems have energy density that includes the energy composition of objects in the environment and the energy density of the space surrounding objects in that environment.

Energy in the environment is flowing in the fashion that spherical waves expand; matter in the environment is sustained by that flow. Particles use the inflow of energy and the containment of energy to maintain their presence and they emit an out flow of energy (this is not electromagnetic radiation, it is high frequency spherical wave energy) that expands away from them spherically and arrives at other particles.

Frequency has a general meaning and in addition in QWC it has a specific meaning. When it comes to maintaining the presence of a particle we are talking about synchronized wave convergences in a particle’s space. A single wave convergence in that sense is a place in space where all the wave convergences form a pin point of almost infinitesimal volume at the instant they converge. This happens in what might be observed as a chaotic circumstance but there is one aspect of the specific waves out of all that chaotic crisscrossing of expanding spherical wave energy that elects which of the billions of waves will participate in the high density spot and that is the frequency. When the frequency is right the preferred or select waves flow into the high density spot and emerge spherically from the spot as reformed wave energy. At the next instant, one quantum period later, that spot is gone and the spherical wave energy that caused the presence of the high density spot is on its path out from the spot and into the surrounding space to be used again in adjacent HD spots.

That single convergence of the waves that have the right frequency is one high density spot that comes and goes in a flash, but any stable particle requires much more than one such convergence. The wave emerging from that high density spot is defined as a quantum wave. It expands spherically from the high density spot and it contains energy contributed by all of the multiple converging waves that formed the HD spot, but in order for the particle to have stability for any duration there has to be a flow from all directions of waves that have the right frequency.

This deluded fantasy of the presence of matter back tracks to the initial formation of the arena where all of this matter formation and duration is taking place. The arena itself had a beginning that arose out of preconditions that I have described and the very earliest stage of the arena was fueled by this arena’s own big bang. The instant of the bang was characterized by a huge amount of quantum wave energy from the negated matter that went into the space from which our big bang emerged.

In QWC I draw a comparison between the converging wave energy that forms a single high density spot (that contributes to the presence of a stable particle) on an almost infinitesimal scale, and the convergence of multiple expanding arenas which occurs at the grand scale of the landscape of the greater universe. Both are the result of convergences of wave energy and the emergence of spherical wave energy for the point of convergence (‘point’ not meaning a literal zero volume point but meaning finite volume of space occupied by the converging wave energy). Nature’s maximum wave energy density occurs at the instant of the big bang.

The quantum wave energy of the big bang expands into the surrounding background wave energy and the first “set” of high density spots is formed during the initial expansion period. It is a sea of high density spots tightly packed into the rapidly enlarging arena space and as the expansion continues the high density spots all have the select frequency as they burst out of the initial HD spots and sustain each other as the “dark matter” sea expands.

The rest is history, lol.

 

09-16-11, 01:18 PM, #194

 A note for the memories. It is a beautiful day at the Maple Pavilion where I am wasting my time rewriting the content posts from this thread and creating an index as I go. That usually results in changes that have to be made back through several posts which is a big part of the rewrite, .

For example, I have decided on a slight change in the content of the state of the initial arena as it emerges. I formerly referred to it as dense dark energy that converged with and blue shifted the universal cosmic microwave background energy to form a sea of high density spots, the dark matter sea, from which particles formed and out of which oscillating dipoles began to emit electromagnetic radiation.

However, that really shows disrespect for the background wave energy because the background is not just cosmic microwaves, it is all forms of wave energy and not the least of which is gravitational wave energy.

As a result I am renaming the background energy and calling it the universal cosmic wave energy background (UCWEB).

Obviously now I have to go back to all the posts where I have mentioned the old universal cosmic microwave background energy (UCMBE) and not only change it to UCWEB, but change the wording to correspond to the new description.

Formerly, I had the dense dark energy bursting into expansion at t=0 and constituting the arena at the first instant. The high density spots that represent the dark energy sea which then became incorporated in the expanding arena and which then initiated quantum action were described as forming after the first instant. I have contemplated away from that, lol.

With the change, it isn't the microwave energy that is blue shifted into high density spots; the spots and quantum action that sustained them emerge from the big crunch and are released at the final collapse and bounce of the dense core at t=0. Thus at the instant of the big bang the compressed remnants of the parent arenas survive in the form of high density spots within which quantum action never ceased. The bounce occurred because the compression of the collapse squeezed the dense state energy to the maximum density allowed by nature and the bounce was the push back from the collapse. There is no reason for quantum action to stop, it just reaches its maximum frequency and intensity at the bounce, and that intensity reverses at t=0.

Why change it, no one will notice one way or another, lol. Well, I attribute the change to rpenner who said something that made me think. He said, “Sir, where is the mathematics”. I might have been a little rude in reply but in saying that to me he showed no prior knowledge of my agenda, and I know that I have been a grand target for disparagement from his close friends in the past. I might have been wrong to think that he would have found disparagement preferable to instruction and contribution but who knows. It doesn’t matter; I have used his comment to improve QWC as explained below.

I always have maintained that if someone skilled in math and paid properly ever wanted too they could write the math from the scenarios. As I thought about where the math would start I realized that because in QWC there is no beginning we would just have to pick a good place and start quantifying the QWC processes until the scenario circles back to the chosen starting point. Since each arena has the same physics and processes, the start of an arena would be a good place to start quantifying for someone skilled at math. The moment of the big bang, t=0.

Having made that decision, I realized that I should better define the background wave energy that surrounds the new arena and hence, the UCWEB was conceived and the state of the arena and the background were clarified for my own satisfaction. So thanks rpenner, you contributed just by earning the medal for your grasp of math and science in the other forums and making me think about where the math should start when and if QWC ever gets quantified.

These changes are being made starting in post #34 so I now have the fun ahead of me to revise all of the earlier posts. I love this hobby as much as I love being with nature at the Maple pavilion .

 

09-21-11, 11:35 AM, #221

I’m preparing a post for my Lorentz Invariance in the Multiverse, Possible or Not? thread that contains the following content and some more self deprecation but it is content specific to QWC that does not yet appear here in my QWC update thread and it is part of my effort to bring some conclusions I have formed from my pea brained misunderstanding of Laura Mersini-Houghton’s paper. So this is the content for QWC:

Link: http://math.ucr.edu/home/baez/vacuum.html

http://math.ucr.edu/department/people/faculty/Baez.htm

The bubbles discussed in the Mersini-Houghton paper are called true vacuums of lower energy and they nucleate into the false vacuum of the inflating spacetime landscape which is of higher energy. It is a vacuum energy density (dark energy) that drives the inflation of the bubbles and the bubbles are said to have a lower energy than the background in which they nucleate.

It is my speculation that this description of the vacuum energy difference between the bubbles and the initial inflating background of the spacetime multiverse cosmologies arises from the quandary faced by the theorists about the source of the inflation energy and the source of any energy which can be shown to exist in the universe. Though the vacuum link above mentions various theories and various comparisons between mainstream theories about the energy density of the universe, there are no understood preconditions to spacetime cosmologies (I speculate there aren’t) and so you start with nothing or at least you imagine that a void occurred in new space, and then use the vacuum of the void for spontaneous symmetry breaking or spontaneous particle pair production within the void space creating energy differential between spontaneously generated particles and anti-particles.

Lose some of the anti-particles which seem to be in short supply after all this time and you have the positive energy of the false vacuum of the initial inflationary landscape (the landscape that, as I interpret it, started from nothing). Nucleate some bubbles from within that energy filled landscape that have higher vacuum energy (true vacuum) and lower internal energy density and you have the landscape of a maturing eternal inflation bubble cosmology. The bubbles trend toward thermalization by gradually equalizing with the energy density of the false vacuum/higher energy background. They never completely reach energy density equalization but they continually trend toward that limit of equalization (thermalization).

This leaves patches of overlaid energy density differences or ripples produced by a history of bubbles. The ripples are the energy density remnants of the bubbles as they play out and equalize with the background, i.e. as they thermalize, and this landscape is the background into which new bubbles nucleate as described by Mersini-Houghton. The background therefore has an energy density signature overlaid on it as a result of a history of bubbles that exist and have existed and those fluctuations are a characteristic incorporated into the new bubbles as they inflate. Therefore within a bubble the ripples of past bubbles should be present.

On the other hand in QWC, new arenas begin at their highest level of energy density and expand into the surrounding much lower energy density and trend toward energy density equalization with that much lower energy background which is already essentially thermalized from an infinite history of arenas that have played out. This is an opposite scenario from the eternal inflation spacetime models in regards to the direction of flow of energy from arenas to the background vs. from the background to bubbles.

The energy in any arena at t=0 arena time, within infinite universal time, is the maximum natural limit of energy density, conserved energy from the matter and energy content of the preceding arenas that was caught up in the overlap of arenas and crunched by gravity. The energy itself has always existed and doesn’t need to “come from nothing” or arise out of the vacuum energy density of the primordial void.

The crunches collapse and bounce into expansion releasing potential expansion energy (dark energy). As arenas expand they expand into the thermalized and thermalizing background immediately surrounding the spot of origin (big crunch/bounce location in space) of the arena and incorporate background energy density into the arenas as the arenas intrude into the background with their higher energy density. The background has a thermalized history of arenas that have played out and the gradual process of thermalization of those arenas leaves ripples produced by a history of arenas. Therefore within an arena the ripples of past big bang events should be present.

QWC predicts that these ripples will be decreasing in density with time and distance as they thermalize with the lower energy background and I speculate that spacetime eternal inflation predicts that the ripples will be increasing in energy density with time and distance as they thermalize with the higher energy background.

 

09-23-11, 09:49 AM, #222

Gravity chat September 2011

Lol, I’m laughing at myself this morning because I know I have work to do on QWC revisited 2011 to revise the existing posts and to create an index of posts that will help me be better organized for QWC 2012. But instead, I’m letting my mind go off on a tangent.

Lately I’ve been comparing the Cosmological Principle and the Perfect Cosmological Principle as they pertain to the spacetime bubble multiverse models and to QWC.

As those posts and that simple topic made it to the “Lorentz Invariance in a Multiverse, Possible or Not?” thread I set off on the more interesting topic of the difference in the direction of energy flow between the spacetime bubble multiverses and the false vacuum spacetime background vs. the direction of flow between QWC arenas and the universal cosmic wave energy background. The direction of flow is the opposite, flowing from the higher energy background to the bubbles in spacetime, and from the higher energy arenas to the background in QWC.

All was well because that is one topic that I know had to be addressed and added to the word salad of QWC and I did that. I have much more to say on the topic but the primary difference in direction of energy flow is a huge distinction between QWC and spacetime so just getting it said was important to me.

So this cloudy and rainy Friday morning, no Maple pavilion , I find myself at the point where I should be continuing the quiet work of rewriting the QWC posts that have to be changed to incorporate the most recent speculations like the changes I made to redefine the UCMBE to the UCWEB and instead, my mind is wandering to the issue of gravity. Fortunately my two main gravity posts need to be updated next anyway so it seems like it would be easy to just go ahead and rewrite the gravity posts and feel like I was staying on course, but …

I just want to chat about gravity in a wave energy universe before I rewrite posts 38 and 39.

Now I know that the concept I have of chatting about something and the actual experience of chatting with anyone on my threads are two completely different things, but when I post about a concept I’m personally working on it is a kind of a decision point. Normally the only response I get is off-topic antagonism from the bad agents and so when I do it, I try to make sure there isn’t anything in my post that can be shown to be internally inconsistent with the body of QWC speculations, and that can’t be shown to be inconsistent with observations and data.

I maintain that is the case right now but that could change if I go off half cocked and rewrite gravity in a wave energy universe and say something that isn’t internally consistent or is externally inconsistent.

In the QWC universe the only thing there is wave energy.

You might say waves in what but I address that by saying that the spherical waves that characterize the universal cosmic wave energy background occupy all space. I don’t say they are waves of space, I say they are waves in space. But logic could be called upon to suggest that spherical waves in space have to also be waves in something that can carry waves.

Right now, in QWC I say that space could be empty but it isn’t, it is filled with wave energy flowing in all directions at all points in space. There is no point of undisturbed space; not very helpful when you still want to know “waves of what”.

I don’t know but I am speculating, and that is what I do best and speculating sometimes comes spontaneously out of the gray matter instead of being coaxed out. Unfortunately, when I need it to be spontaneous are the precise times I have to coax it out, lol.

I’m coaxing speculation right now.

What I’m thinking is that I am falling into a trap in my thinking by trying to define the wave energy background as if it was something that could exist by itself. But I know that the background exists as part of the universe that also has very apparent matter, gravity, and constant interaction between matter and the background, and it is a universe that I speculate has always existed and always looked and operated the same way under the invariant natural laws. The Perfect Cosmological Principle applies.

So how would thinking of the whole instead of only the background part help me avoid the trap?

I come back to the energy commodity concept I have mentioned before. Saying that the universe is composed of wave energy and waves traverse the energy commodity makes the “energy commodity” something that has always existed and that has always been turbulent with waves traversing it and has never been calm or waveless. A wave moving through the wave energy would travel forever or until it intersects with other waves and wave interference patterns would occur. Waves are therefore always intersecting and overlapping at all points in space.

If I think of the whole again, and consider that the presence of matter requires significant wave intersections, overlaps, and high density convergences, and if I see matter being established by those high density convergences that I call high density spots, then the distribution of patches of the high density spots (particles, atoms, molecules, objects, planets and stars, galaxies, galaxy groups, and arenas) is the same as the distribution of the wave energy turbulence across the UCWEB.

The distribution of matter then, when you characterize matter as turbulence or highly disturbed wave energy in space, brings to mind the concept of the ratio of matter energy to background energy. Also, the definition of less disturbed space in the background and the correspondence to layers of disturbance that I was just talking about in the posts about the difference in the flow of energy between QWC and spacetime comes to mind.

Everything has to be internally consistent and so the ratio between matter energy and background energy is fixed on a universal basis; it is only the distribution of the frequency of the wave interactions that is constantly changing. The ratio is 1 to one trillion, … just kidding; wanted to see if anyone was there and give you a little laugh along with the big laughs.

Whatever that universal ratio is, on a grand scale it determines the look of the landscape and the frequency of occurrence of arenas and arena action. The higher the ratio of matter to background, the closer the arenas will be on a grand scale.

Short break … I’m back.

Gravity causes crunch/bangs, and there is a limit to the wave energy density that can be achieved by gravity before the crunch collapses and bounces into expansion forming a new arena. The gravity gets its control over the matter in the vicinity when expanding arenas full of galaxies intersect and overlap (huge arena waves overlapping). The convergence interrupts the expansion momentum that the arena has enjoyed for billions of years as it forms its galaxies and expands in the space afforded to it by the distribution and spacing of arenas across the landscape of the greater universe.

So that is the macro landscape that corresponds to the fixed universal ratio of matter energy to background energy. Gravity plays a decisive role in the look of the landscape, but until now I have spoken that gravity is actually achieved in the QWC speculations at the micro level.

So as I contemplate the micro level and quantum action, and keeping my opinion that quantum action on the micro level and arena action on the macro level have strikingly similar mechanics, I come to the point of rewriting the cause of gravity posts. On that basis arena action becomes macro gravity, though that has been just a whimsical topic that I covered in the QWC discussions about “turtles all the way down”. Now I am thinking that arena level wave intersections and overlap would cause arena level gravity that would act between arenas. More on that later.

Thank you for the chat and now I think I am ready to tackle the rewrite of posts 38 and 39. I’ll make the entire rewrite available by the end of the year in the form of “QWC 2012” for your renewed disparagement, lol.

Note: If you want honorable mention in QWC 2012 all you have to do is contribute some meaningful chat that helps me shape the changes I am making.

 

09-26-11, 10:47 AM, #223

Strangely enough, this chat was viewed over 130 times over the weekend. Why? Maybe it is the tags I have on the thread that brings people here in their search results, but I have used search engines on the web since their beginning and when I look at my search results and the little snippet of text that accompanies them, I go to one or two that are specific to what I was looking for.

People don’t search for QWC, meaning that no one was looking for this thread and so why click it when it shows up in a search result. I’m more inclined to believe that the views are from people who come to SciForums, members and quests, as a destination and then look at the recent posts or at the Pseudoscience forum to be entertained, certainly not educated or informed. I post mostly in Pseudoscience and though from time to time there is some action on my threads, mostly the on-topic posts are me speculating or philosophizing. I feel that people viewing the Pseudoscience forum are looking for where the action is; for active threads with disparagement and defensiveness, craziness and confrontation. This thread, over the weekend anyway, had none of that and yet 132 views since the last post of which a few were mine. I suspect they are click-on/click-offs by passersby.

Friday’s “chat” about gravity in a wave energy universe was unique for me. Usually I do the contemplating and speculating in private and then write it up, get it the way I want it, and then post it. Posting of my view of cosmology is a selfish personal activity because I use the act of posting as a point of commitment to the speculation. I backtrack and retract from time to time and I usually say so when I do that, so personally my post is my bond. I will stand by it and defend it as being internally consistent with QWC and not inconsistent with known science or data. That is why it is out here on the web. It is out here and subject to the scrutiny of the internet community and the SciForums community even if no one scrutinizes it or comments on it. I delude myself into thinking that if I make a gross mistake that there are critics out there that will enjoy pointing them out. It only takes one critic to make my day, and not one showed up since my last post. You are giving me a free ride and encouraging me to keep up the deluded pea brained speculation that I call QWC. If you want it to stop you can’t just sit back. Rip me one, lol, but address the topic and not your disdain for me or speculation in general. I’ll general be contrite with those posters and will be outgoing and friendly with anyone who posts on-topic.

I certainly believe that no one has read this far but now I’ll address the topic again. I left off with a good feeling that I was ready to rewrite the two gravity posts, #38 and #39. Unfortunately I let my mind wander again while in the hot tub watching the sky darken and the colors fade after the sunset last night. The thought that I was playing with was about our expanding universe and the mental act that I think many science oriented people have done at one point or another and that is imagining the backtracking of the expansion.

Though all science is tentative as evidenced by the flap over the experiments being discussed this weekend that seem to show some neutrinos traveling faster than light, I consider the evidence to be that the universe as we can see it is expanding. The evidence is that the galaxies in general are all moving away from each other. Mentally back tracking the galactic motion of separation is right in line with general relativity and spacetime. It is a lovely concept and using the imagination to perform the back tracking is quite fun to me. You can go slow or fast and back and forth, working your way from today and back into time toward the earliest instant where all the galactic material, radiation, energy, everything was at its smallest finite volume. Don’t get side tracked about the physics of mass and motion along the way, we can do that when we mentally reverse the process and follow the expansion from t=~0. Right now we are talking about what we come to when the entire back tracking is finished and we are there at t=~0.

What do you think we might have at that point in time and space? Don’t give me theory; what do you think we back track to yourself based on what you see when you imagine it.

Like my last post, I don’t expect any response but would love to have responses so don’t go thinking I don’t want you or appreciate you, if you are there. But I just mean that I’m not going to stop here, lol. I’m going to tell you what I think we have when we backtrack to that earliest moment in time of the known universe.

I think we have the instant of the big bang. We have a freeze frame in our imagination of essentially the first moment of our now known and expanding universe.

This may not seem like it was worth all this reading to get here but it was. Because it is a chance for you to test your own views and your own take on cosmology. Big Bang theory says one thing; you back tack to an initial singularity which is undefined. The beginning, which the scientific consensus is unable to fully grasp because of the imponderable nature of such things, bumps up against the scientific method and that method runs out at the singularity. We don’t know.

Now we speculate, or at least I am going to.

Spacetime requires that there be an initial singularity and that space and time began out of the singularity. OK, so maybe God did it or maybe something from nothing was natural back in those days, and you can accept either of those explanations but either way you are faced with there being nothing physical (if God is your choice we can say God would not be physical). There were no physical preconditions if you accept general relativity and spacetime in its purest sense unless you can imagine an infinitely dense zero volume point in space. I can’t.

I can’t accept it. Call me a deluded pea brain because of that if you want and I will wear that label proudly because I have some inborn aversion to it and if you don’t, fine, we will never agree short of some irrefutable evidence on either side.

So what is my view? We backtrack to the instant of the collapse and bounce of a big crunch that marks the instant of a big bang event.

There were preconditions that were at least able to present us with an event that carried the matter and energy equivalent to our known expanding arena that I describe as our extended Hubble volume of space.

My personal view of cosmology is all about those preconditions. They are my personal contemplations and speculations about the greater universe that pre-existed our known circumstances. I speculate about what those preexisting circumstance were and how they lead to the collapse and bounce of a big crunch and into the expansion of our visible portion of the universe.

I have one very real piece of evidence to go by and so I use it. There is what we call our big bang universe, it exists, and we have some good science and science theory about how it has acted from that initial t=0 moment. Of course there are huge degrees of disagreement between those science theories depending on if you are describing what would fit with the singularity of general relativity and spacetime, or if you are describing what would fit with various possible preexisting circumstances.

Spacetime is out of my radar. I’ll leave that for the rest of you. To me, general relativity and spacetime is the product of the scientific method and the imponderable dilemma that is presented to the scientific community because we cannot know the details or quantify the event using science. Spacetime is the science theory that is the logical outcome of completing the imaginary journey back to the beginning, and the singularity is logical relative to any specific speculation because there is no evidence to support any other speculation, or there wasn’t until recently.

My other thread about whether Lorentz invariance is possible in a multiverse features the work of Laura Mersini-Houghton. She takes the observations referred to as “dark flow” and the “void spot in space” (Google her and them) and incorporates them into her view of cosmology and there are several aspects of her view that can easily correspond to QWC even though she does not abandon spacetime and I don’t use spacetime.

Thank you again for the chat. Let’s see if anyone views this huge word salad, lol.

 

09-30-11, 11:38 AM, #228

So my position is that spacetime is not part of QWC. QWC is based on there being preconditions to the Big Bang that include infinite preexisting space and time, and a universe filled with wave energy density. Spacetime cannot be true if the preconditions don’t support a spacetime continuum where each x,y,z,t point is an independent event that occurs as expansion proceeds from the initial singularity out of a zero volume point of space.

I posted over on my Lorentz Invariance thread a description of the difference in the source of energy between the Big Bang spacetime cosmology and QWC. I’m a pea brain and so no one will talk to me about it but having an opinion is a start ?

Here is a summary of my view of where the energy comes from in spacetime cosmologies. The conclusion is that the initial singularity was an infinitely dense zero volume of space. The Big Bang event was the instantaneous inflation of that space which created the vacuum and produced vacuum energy density providing an environment for matter formation. The matter that formed exerts pressure against the vacuum and the imbalance between the vacuum and that pressure is the cosmological constant.

A positive constant means expansion will accelerate and a negative constant means that expansion will reverse into contraction. Observations show that the expansion is accelerating and the conclusion is that the pressure of the matter density exceeds the vacuum energy density and so the universe will continue to expand at an accelerating rate.

That is pretty simple, right?

I’m still looking for input so hopefully someone will upgrade that little scenario for me.

The QWC source of energy is the energy conserved by the arena process that is extracted from the galactic material from the converging arenas. The arenas overlap, gravity attracts the galactic material that is encompassed in the overlap space, a big crunch forms, collapses and bounces into a an expanding dense state of wave energy negated from the galactic material of the parent arenas; that is the big bang event and is a common event across the arena landscape of the greater universe.

So with at least an idea about the energy source differences between spacetime and QWC I will tell you that some things again begin to make sense. You don’t need an initial singularity with infinite density and zero volume that contains the makeup and energy of the entire universe. That alone is enough for me, lol.

But it also allows for an explanation for the Big Bang. If we are living in a big bang arena that expanded out of some preconditions, then let’s conclude that ours is not the only big bang arena out there. I take it to the limit of course by speculating that there are a potentially infinite number of arenas playing out across the infinite landscape of the greater universe, but that is a bit flowery and wordy for most people. But why not assume that there are even a finite number of other arenas that expand, overlap, crunch, bounce and expand on an ongoing basis out there in the greater universe. That provides a reasonable and responsible set of conditions for the cause of our big bang, does it not?

 

 

 

 

 

To elaborate, matter of course is composed of particles, the QWC speculation is that particles function within a range of energy density, and therefore there are limits at the maximum and minimum points on that range which define the range within which particles can function as matter.

The limits of energy density are imposed by nature and so matter cannot be compressed beyond a limit without causing matter to cease functioning due to lack of sufficient space. It follows that particles require a finite amount of space to function and one of the functions that requires space is quantum action which is speculated to be the process that establishes the presence of mass and gravity out of otherwise unquantized wave energy.

Opposite to the limit of compression of matter that causes matter to cease functioning is the minimum limit of wave energy density needed to support the presence of matter in the first place. In QWC wave energy density fills all space and matter is composed of wave energy density that is synchronized and quantified. Synchronization and quantification require at least a minimum level of energy density in order to occur. It follows that particles cannot form and quantum action cannot take place if the wave energy density of the environment is too low.

The mediator of the limit is a background of wave energy which serves as the surrounding environment of objects at rest, i.e. a background that surrounds all matter. As matter is accelerated through that background there is an additive effect where any force or potential force requires wave energy density (force being a differential in wave energy density) and that wave energy is added to the wave energy density of an object being accelerated. It means that more and more wave energy must be concentrated on an object to continue accelerating it. Before that object can reach the speed of light the additional wave energy requirement becomes infinite and cannot be fulfilled and thus no object can be accelerated to the speed of light.

How is the energy density of an environment characterized? We can’t measure it at the foundational levels of nature but in QWC I speculate that everything material is composed of spherical wave energy that is synchronized between inflowing and out flowing wave energy and wave energy is always conserved. That necessitates the postulate that wave energy has always existed and cannot be created or destroyed. “Always” means eternal and eternal time is one of the infinities speculated about in QWC. That speculation is that the universe has always existed and has always been composed of wave energy, wave energy is always conserved, and so all existing space is filled with wave energy density.

The only variable is the amount of wave energy in any given space and if the universe has always existed all space must already contain some level of energy density. That raises the question of the infinity of space and in QWC it is postulated that space is infinite and has always exited and has always contained wave energy. Therefore, there is a universal fixed finite average energy density of space on a grand scale. The energy density of any finite patch of space fluctuates as more or less energy density enters that fixed volume of space.

Those speculations lead to the derivation of another speculative QWC truth and that is that there are eternal opposing forces that cause energy density to perpetually fluctuate. Perpetual energy density fluctuation prevents the energy density of all space from becoming equalized at the universal average wave energy density level. Those two opposing forces are expansion and contraction which are mediated by the process of quantum action that establishes the presence of matter and at the same time initiates the presence of gravity. The catch is that matter requires wave energy expansion to form (Big Bang inflation and expansion) and the presence of matter and gravity cause wave energy to collapse (big crunches speculated to result in big bangs).

Thus the mediation of expansion and collapse is wave energy density itself and expansion and collapse are the result of the difference between quantified and unquantified wave energy, i.e. the presence of mass. So matter is quantified wave energy and quantified wave energy is the product of the natural process called quantum action.

If the big bang universe that you are familiar with and quite an expert on can be more than one in number, i.e. if there were more than one big bang universe, then we would be talking about a multiverse which is multiple arenas in the context of QWC. If you don’t claim to be too familiar with multiverse cosmology I encourage you to spend an evening with Laura Mersini-Houghton and her paper and pay particular attention the references in her footnotes (books and papers).

 

07-28-11 09:08 AM, #99

 

Post #26 covered a lot of topics, some of which I said I would elaborate on later. One topic can be addressed with the question, why do I say that compressed particles function slower relative to uncompressed particles?

Remember that the fundamental particles of standard physics are composed of quantum particles in QWC, so three quarks for example, making up a proton or neutron, would be speculatively composed of perhaps billions of quantum particles or standing wave convergences (energy quanta). In a standard particle environment of relatively uncompressed particles, the quanta give off an out flow of synchronized quantum waves that are utilized by neighboring standing wave convergences to sustain their inflow. There is dependence within the particles on this exchange of wave energy that is taking place at the quantum level within the quarks/protons and quarks/neutrons to sustain the presence and stability of the composition particle.

Compression which can occur in high energy physics involves an increase in the number of accelerated particles operating within the same volume of space. For example, gravitational acceleration is an example of particle compression. Time dilation is a mainstream effect of gravitational acceleration and it is proved that the rate that time passes on a clock that is accelerated by gravity slows down relative to a clock not being accelerated to the same degree (a clock at the mountain top will run faster than a clock at the foot of the mountain). This is the same effect that I refer to in QWC as the slowing of the functioning of particles in relatively compressed particle environments.

In QWC, as the gravitational compression on the particle environment continues to increase to magnitudes associated with a big crunch, the functioning of the particles will slow and eventually stop completely (clocks would be slowed to a stop) when the particle space collapses. The collapse leads to the universal maximum limit to wave energy density after the collapse. It is the cessation of the particle function that marks the initiation point of final collapse of the particle space and results in the bounce of the collapsing crunch into the expansion of the compressed wave energy. The bounce and expansion in QWC is associated with the Big Bang event in mainstream Big Bang Theory.

 

 

 

09-02-11, 03:35 PM, #102

Originally Posted by wlminex

QW: . . . and just what is your definition of an "axiom" within the context of the scientific method, hypotheses, theories, etc? . . . something that cannot be 'disproven'?

Thanks . . . just asking . . . wlminex

Axioms or postulates, in my pea brained usage, are things that we can't readily prove but that are not easily refuted as in things that seem self-evident or that seem to have to be true, i.e. necessary truths. If you read the opening post you will see how I use axioms in my personal view of cosmology. I am the first to admit that if someone wants to they can find plenty wrong with the terms I use throughout my threads but I got over worrying about that long ago. I'm not writing this for professionals, I'm writing this to get input from anyone who wants to contribute. I pretend that QWC has no internal inconsistencies and is not inconsistent with known science and data. If you think I'm wrong about that your input would be appreciated.

Thanks for asking.

 

09-05-11, 09:13 AM, #153

Originally Posted by Pincho Paxton

And from the Aether, you get the maths, and the physics. Take for example a snowflake. The mathematical model is based on crystal growth formulas. The Aether model is based on simple pressure....

 

 

Cool, OK, but if we talk aether you are asking for all the critics to come in and slap us down, lol. I’ll talk aether with you but the “aether” in QWC isn’t called aether, it is the wave energy background. It is a step-by-step description that starts with the QWC axiom that says “all there is in the universe is energy, wave energy that cannot be created or destroyed”, i.e. wave energy that has always existed.

Matter forms within the wave energy background when the waves become synchronized into standing wave patterns. I’m going on the idea that a lot of tiny little component waves make up the fundamental particles of the Standard Particle Model. I’m a dope.

Don’t be thinking that waves don’t change just because I said the wave energy has always existed and cannot be destroyed. The formation of a particle changes the wave energy because of what happens in the particle disturbed space. That particle space, an overlap of numerous converging wave crests where their densities converge, acts like a pinhole into which flows the unsynchronized wave energy, the inflowing component of the standing waves, and out of the pin hole at the center of the component particle the inflowing waves emerge as new tiny synchronized spherical out flowing quantum waves.

A stable particle would host innumerable (billions maybe) of these component wave interactions that form high density spots, and that move the wave energy in and around the larger particle. The wave motion is characterized as taking the out flow of one component particle space as the inflow to the adjacent component particle space, all within one larger stable particle. I am just speculating and have no evidence; nothing to get excited about.

 

09-06-11, 01:50 PM, #164

Originally Posted by Pincho Paxton

I can start this moving without cheating. You put the -1 inside the +1, and you have zero. You make it so that the two areas are identical. Now that this particle equals zero, it can be any scale. It will still equal zero if it fills the entire Universe. If you put a lot of them next to each other the Universe still equals zero. They can all expand as well, and still equal zero. But.. their edges will at some point overlap. Being as zero is taken from the centre of each particle, the overlap creates an area change of zero to something like + 00000000000000000000.1. The Universe has now evolved to 00000000000000000000.1. The Universal bubble has now stretched by 00000000000000000000.1. The tightening of the membrane pushed the particles apart, and you have evolved the first movement with 1+ -1 = 0, and you have evolved entropy, and Action at a distance.

 

Pincho, (anyone) if you wanted to help me get on board you could link me to a page that you are familiar with or even that you wrote yourself that explains in laymen lingo how a stable particle like a proton forms and sustains its presence. Presumably you would be referring me to current theory or at least some version of events in the early stages of our expanding universe (arena in QWC lingo).

I am ready to review any such links and your comments and rewrite the QWC view of that phenomenon if it seems warranted.

Here is the QWC view in a nutshell: Addressing the question, “If particles are made up of billions of those tiny wave convergences called high density spots, how do particles form from them and become stable in QWC?”

Let’s start by talking about a related key observation of science that serves as a departure point for the QWC axioms and derived speculations which lead to the QWC idea of energy quanta (quantum wave overlaps, high density spots). That observation is that the galaxies and galaxy groups appear to be moving away from each other and are doing so at an accelerating rate (observed expansion). I’ll show how that relates to speculation about particle formation in QWC.

I call the observed expansion of our known universe “separation momentum” of the galaxies and galaxy groups. In QWC I speculate that separation momentum was imparted to matter as it formed in the early expansion environment of our arena and was conserved as matter clumped and accumulated during the early period of stronger gravity. Clumping and accumulation due to gravity coupled with expansion momentum of the pre-particle filled arena would speculatively eventually lead to galaxies moving away from each other due to separation momentum conserved from the early expansion of the arena.

The inverse square law as it applies to gravity would mean that the gravitational attraction between the galaxies that are separating from each other would diminish as the separation increases. Given that, the rate of separation would accelerate as the gravitational component of separation momentum diminishes. If so, then you have a speculative explanation for the accelerating “expansion” of the arena (dark energy).

Now let’s look at a stable particle composed of billions of standing wave components or high density spots that formed early in the arena period during the particle formation phase. The arena was expanding rapidly and the initial quanta (high density spots) formed in what I call the pre-particle (dark matter) sea that filled the entire arena with high density spots (wave energy overlaps; wave convergences). The high density spots (HDS) feed off each other for the sustaining inflowing wave component until expansion separates the clumps of HDS, resulting in a finite number of quanta in a clump. I am speculating that there is a configuration of quanta that is most stable and the unstable configurations are weeded out due to their short lives, leaving only the stable configuration, the protons in this case being stable as opposed to quarks.

Let’s use the proton as the stable particle and use the wild ass speculation about how many quanta (high density spots) compose the stable proton at 1 trillion. Yikes, I know … would you rather use 1 billion? Whatever, I’ll use 1 trillion for now and I can always change it later. That vaguely corresponds to the surface quanta as a ratio of the total proton quanta at 1:2000 and in the general vicinity of the ratio of energy between an electron and a proton in my pea brained view.

Let’s say that the quantum waves, those spherical waves emerging from the “pin hole” (referred to in posts 33, 39 and 94) quantum space at the center of the wave convergences are traveling at the speed of light within the proton, but they don’t go directly to the surface and out of the proton, they go to adjacent internal quantum wave overlaps and come out the pin holes of those subsequent and adjacent high density spots during each high density spot duration or quantum period. Thus the out flow of energy in the form of quantum waves is delayed (containment ratio) of the proton and each individual delay has the duration of one quantum period. Energy from the quanta at the center of the proton could be delayed by billions of quantum periods before a small portion of it is leaked to the outside of the proton.

So we have a trillion quanta, and the surface of the proton is a tiny fraction 1/2000th say, of the entire quanta of the proton, so there are 999,500,000,000 quanta at any point in time that send out spherical waves that are fully contained within the proton surface during each quantum period. Also, only a fraction of the spherical waves emitted at the surface by surface quanta leaks out of the proton’s particle space because almost half of those surface spherical waves are pointed inward. Thus during each quantum period, there is leakage out of the proton of ~250,000,000 quanta. That is about 1/4000th the proton energy and it must be replaced by the inflowing wave energy from the surrounding environment.

 

The proton moves in the direction of the highest frequency of wave energy.

 

09-08-11, 09:07 AM, #173

The brief discussion about specific definitions of words brings me back to an old discussion about the definition of the word ‘energy’ in QWC.

Defining energy is easy in our modern Google world:

http://www.google.com/#hl=en&q=energ...w=1280&bih=633

In QWC energy is all that and specifically a few others:

It is the only thing in the universe, it is everything that exists, and that includes the physical things that can be detected and the things in the background that can’t be detected. Using that definition in QWC I predict that anything that is present at any given “now” is a complex configuration of wave energy. An object is composed of particles that are composed of wave energy. A thought occupies our brain and is composed of wave energy. Wave energy is coursing through every point in space from all directions at every instant. Wave energy is conserved and cannot be created or destroyed, but it can be reshaped and reused.

Also, specifically in QWC, energy is the component of density and all environments and systems have energy density that includes the energy composition of objects in the environment and the energy density of the space surrounding objects in that environment.

Energy in the environment is flowing in the fashion that spherical waves expand; matter in the environment is sustained by that flow. Particles use the inflow of energy and the containment of energy to maintain their presence and they emit an out flow of energy (this is not electromagnetic radiation, it is high frequency spherical wave energy) that expands away from them spherically and arrives at other particles.

Frequency has a general meaning and in addition in QWC it has a specific meaning. When it comes to maintaining the presence of a particle we are talking about synchronized wave convergences in a particle’s space. A single wave convergence in that sense is a place in space where all the wave convergences form a pin point of almost infinitesimal volume at the instant they converge. This happens in what might be observed as a chaotic circumstance but there is one aspect of the specific waves out of all that chaotic crisscrossing of expanding spherical wave energy that elects which of the billions of waves will participate in the high density spot and that is the frequency. When the frequency is right the preferred or select waves flow into the high density spot and emerge spherically from the spot as reformed wave energy. At the next instant, one quantum period later, that spot is gone and the spherical wave energy that caused the presence of the high density spot is on its path out from the spot and into the surrounding space to be used again in adjacent HD spots.

That single convergence of the waves that have the right frequency is one high density spot that comes and goes in a flash, but any stable particle requires much more than one such convergence. The wave emerging from that high density spot is defined as a quantum wave. It expands spherically from the high density spot and it contains energy contributed by all of the multiple converging waves that formed the HD spot, but in order for the particle to have stability for any duration there has to be a flow from all directions of waves that have the right frequency.

This deluded fantasy of the presence of matter back tracks to the initial formation of the arena where all of this matter formation and duration is taking place. The arena itself had a beginning that arose out of preconditions that I have described and the very earliest stage of the arena was fueled by this arena’s own big bang. The instant of the bang was characterized by a huge amount of quantum wave energy from the negated matter that went into the space from which our big bang emerged.

In QWC I draw a comparison between the converging wave energy that forms a single high density spot (that contributes to the presence of a stable particle) on an almost infinitesimal scale, and the convergence of multiple expanding arenas which occurs at the grand scale of the landscape of the greater universe. Both are the result of convergences of wave energy and the emergence of spherical wave energy for the point of convergence (‘point’ not meaning a literal zero volume point but meaning finite volume of space occupied by the converging wave energy). Nature’s maximum wave energy density occurs at the instant of the big bang.

The quantum wave energy of the big bang expands into the surrounding background wave energy and the first “set” of high density spots is formed during the initial expansion period. It is a sea of high density spots tightly packed into the rapidly enlarging arena space and as the expansion continues the high density spots all have the select frequency as they burst out of the initial HD spots and sustain each other as the “dark matter” sea expands.

The rest is history, lol.

 

09-16-11, 01:18 PM, #194

 A note for the memories. It is a beautiful day at the Maple Pavilion where I am wasting my time rewriting the content posts from this thread and creating an index as I go. That usually results in changes that have to be made back through several posts which is a big part of the rewrite, .

For example, I have decided on a slight change in the content of the state of the initial arena as it emerges. I formerly referred to it as dense dark energy that converged with and blue shifted the universal cosmic microwave background energy to form a sea of high density spots, the dark matter sea, from which particles formed and out of which oscillating dipoles began to emit electromagnetic radiation.

However, that really shows disrespect for the background wave energy because the background is not just cosmic microwaves, it is all forms of wave energy and not the least of which is gravitational wave energy.

As a result I am renaming the background energy and calling it the universal cosmic wave energy background (UCWEB).

Obviously now I have to go back to all the posts where I have mentioned the old universal cosmic microwave background energy (UCMBE) and not only change it to UCWEB, but change the wording to correspond to the new description.

Formerly, I had the dense dark energy bursting into expansion at t=0 and constituting the arena at the first instant. The high density spots that represent the dark energy sea which then became incorporated in the expanding arena and which then initiated quantum action were described as forming after the first instant. I have contemplated away from that, lol.

With the change, it isn't the microwave energy that is blue shifted into high density spots; the spots and quantum action that sustained them emerge from the big crunch and are released at the final collapse and bounce of the dense core at t=0. Thus at the instant of the big bang the compressed remnants of the parent arenas survive in the form of high density spots within which quantum action never ceased. The bounce occurred because the compression of the collapse squeezed the dense state energy to the maximum density allowed by nature and the bounce was the push back from the collapse. There is no reason for quantum action to stop, it just reaches its maximum frequency and intensity at the bounce, and that intensity reverses at t=0.

Why change it, no one will notice one way or another, lol. Well, I attribute the change to rpenner who said something that made me think. He said, “Sir, where is the mathematics”. I might have been a little rude in reply but in saying that to me he showed no prior knowledge of my agenda, and I know that I have been a grand target for disparagement from his close friends in the past. I might have been wrong to think that he would have found disparagement preferable to instruction and contribution but who knows. It doesn’t matter; I have used his comment to improve QWC as explained below.

I always have maintained that if someone skilled in math and paid properly ever wanted too they could write the math from the scenarios. As I thought about where the math would start I realized that because in QWC there is no beginning we would just have to pick a good place and start quantifying the QWC processes until the scenario circles back to the chosen starting point. Since each arena has the same physics and processes, the start of an arena would be a good place to start quantifying for someone skilled at math. The moment of the big bang, t=0.

Having made that decision, I realized that I should better define the background wave energy that surrounds the new arena and hence, the UCWEB was conceived and the state of the arena and the background were clarified for my own satisfaction. So thanks rpenner, you contributed just by earning the medal for your grasp of math and science in the other forums and making me think about where the math should start when and if QWC ever gets quantified.

These changes are being made starting in post #34 so I now have the fun ahead of me to revise all of the earlier posts. I love this hobby as much as I love being with nature at the Maple pavilion .

 

09-21-11, 11:35 AM, #221

I’m preparing a post for my Lorentz Invariance in the Multiverse, Possible or Not? thread that contains the following content and some more self deprecation but it is content specific to QWC that does not yet appear here in my QWC update thread and it is part of my effort to bring some conclusions I have formed from my pea brained misunderstanding of Laura Mersini-Houghton’s paper. So this is the content for QWC:

Link: http://math.ucr.edu/home/baez/vacuum.html

http://math.ucr.edu/department/people/faculty/Baez.htm

The bubbles discussed in the Mersini-Houghton paper are called true vacuums of lower energy and they nucleate into the false vacuum of the inflating spacetime landscape which is of higher energy. It is a vacuum energy density (dark energy) that drives the inflation of the bubbles and the bubbles are said to have a lower energy than the background in which they nucleate.

It is my speculation that this description of the vacuum energy difference between the bubbles and the initial inflating background of the spacetime multiverse cosmologies arises from the quandary faced by the theorists about the source of the inflation energy and the source of any energy which can be shown to exist in the universe. Though the vacuum link above mentions various theories and various comparisons between mainstream theories about the energy density of the universe, there are no understood preconditions to spacetime cosmologies (I speculate there aren’t) and so you start with nothing or at least you imagine that a void occurred in new space, and then use the vacuum of the void for spontaneous symmetry breaking or spontaneous particle pair production within the void space creating energy differential between spontaneously generated particles and anti-particles.

Lose some of the anti-particles which seem to be in short supply after all this time and you have the positive energy of the false vacuum of the initial inflationary landscape (the landscape that, as I interpret it, started from nothing). Nucleate some bubbles from within that energy filled landscape that have higher vacuum energy (true vacuum) and lower internal energy density and you have the landscape of a maturing eternal inflation bubble cosmology. The bubbles trend toward thermalization by gradually equalizing with the energy density of the false vacuum/higher energy background. They never completely reach energy density equalization but they continually trend toward that limit of equalization (thermalization).

This leaves patches of overlaid energy density differences or ripples produced by a history of bubbles. The ripples are the energy density remnants of the bubbles as they play out and equalize with the background, i.e. as they thermalize, and this landscape is the background into which new bubbles nucleate as described by Mersini-Houghton. The background therefore has an energy density signature overlaid on it as a result of a history of bubbles that exist and have existed and those fluctuations are a characteristic incorporated into the new bubbles as they inflate. Therefore within a bubble the ripples of past bubbles should be present.

On the other hand in QWC, new arenas begin at their highest level of energy density and expand into the surrounding much lower energy density and trend toward energy density equalization with that much lower energy background which is already essentially thermalized from an infinite history of arenas that have played out. This is an opposite scenario from the eternal inflation spacetime models in regards to the direction of flow of energy from arenas to the background vs. from the background to bubbles.

The energy in any arena at t=0 arena time, within infinite universal time, is the maximum natural limit of energy density, conserved energy from the matter and energy content of the preceding arenas that was caught up in the overlap of arenas and crunched by gravity. The energy itself has always existed and doesn’t need to “come from nothing” or arise out of the vacuum energy density of the primordial void.

The crunches collapse and bounce into expansion releasing potential expansion energy (dark energy). As arenas expand they expand into the thermalized and thermalizing background immediately surrounding the spot of origin (big crunch/bounce location in space) of the arena and incorporate background energy density into the arenas as the arenas intrude into the background with their higher energy density. The background has a thermalized history of arenas that have played out and the gradual process of thermalization of those arenas leaves ripples produced by a history of arenas. Therefore within an arena the ripples of past big bang events should be present.

QWC predicts that these ripples will be decreasing in density with time and distance as they thermalize with the lower energy background and I speculate that spacetime eternal inflation predicts that the ripples will be increasing in energy density with time and distance as they thermalize with the higher energy background.

 

09-23-11, 09:49 AM, #222

Gravity chat September 2011

Lol, I’m laughing at myself this morning because I know I have work to do on QWC revisited 2011 to revise the existing posts and to create an index of posts that will help me be better organized for QWC 2012. But instead, I’m letting my mind go off on a tangent.

Lately I’ve been comparing the Cosmological Principle and the Perfect Cosmological Principle as they pertain to the spacetime bubble multiverse models and to QWC.

As those posts and that simple topic made it to the “Lorentz Invariance in a Multiverse, Possible or Not?” thread I set off on the more interesting topic of the difference in the direction of energy flow between the spacetime bubble multiverses and the false vacuum spacetime background vs. the direction of flow between QWC arenas and the universal cosmic wave energy background. The direction of flow is the opposite, flowing from the higher energy background to the bubbles in spacetime, and from the higher energy arenas to the background in QWC.

All was well because that is one topic that I know had to be addressed and added to the word salad of QWC and I did that. I have much more to say on the topic but the primary difference in direction of energy flow is a huge distinction between QWC and spacetime so just getting it said was important to me.

So this cloudy and rainy Friday morning, no Maple pavilion , I find myself at the point where I should be continuing the quiet work of rewriting the QWC posts that have to be changed to incorporate the most recent speculations like the changes I made to redefine the UCMBE to the UCWEB and instead, my mind is wandering to the issue of gravity. Fortunately my two main gravity posts need to be updated next anyway so it seems like it would be easy to just go ahead and rewrite the gravity posts and feel like I was staying on course, but …

I just want to chat about gravity in a wave energy universe before I rewrite posts 38 and 39.

Now I know that the concept I have of chatting about something and the actual experience of chatting with anyone on my threads are two completely different things, but when I post about a concept I’m personally working on it is a kind of a decision point. Normally the only response I get is off-topic antagonism from the bad agents and so when I do it, I try to make sure there isn’t anything in my post that can be shown to be internally inconsistent with the body of QWC speculations, and that can’t be shown to be inconsistent with observations and data.

I maintain that is the case right now but that could change if I go off half cocked and rewrite gravity in a wave energy universe and say something that isn’t internally consistent or is externally inconsistent.

In the QWC universe the only thing there is wave energy.

You might say waves in what but I address that by saying that the spherical waves that characterize the universal cosmic wave energy background occupy all space. I don’t say they are waves of space, I say they are waves in space. But logic could be called upon to suggest that spherical waves in space have to also be waves in something that can carry waves.

Right now, in QWC I say that space could be empty but it isn’t, it is filled with wave energy flowing in all directions at all points in space. There is no point of undisturbed space; not very helpful when you still want to know “waves of what”.

I don’t know but I am speculating, and that is what I do best and speculating sometimes comes spontaneously out of the gray matter instead of being coaxed out. Unfortunately, when I need it to be spontaneous are the precise times I have to coax it out, lol.

I’m coaxing speculation right now.

What I’m thinking is that I am falling into a trap in my thinking by trying to define the wave energy background as if it was something that could exist by itself. But I know that the background exists as part of the universe that also has very apparent matter, gravity, and constant interaction between matter and the background, and it is a universe that I speculate has always existed and always looked and operated the same way under the invariant natural laws. The Perfect Cosmological Principle applies.

So how would thinking of the whole instead of only the background part help me avoid the trap?

I come back to the energy commodity concept I have mentioned before. Saying that the universe is composed of wave energy and waves traverse the energy commodity makes the “energy commodity” something that has always existed and that has always been turbulent with waves traversing it and has never been calm or waveless. A wave moving through the wave energy would travel forever or until it intersects with other waves and wave interference patterns would occur. Waves are therefore always intersecting and overlapping at all points in space.

If I think of the whole again, and consider that the presence of matter requires significant wave intersections, overlaps, and high density convergences, and if I see matter being established by those high density convergences that I call high density spots, then the distribution of patches of the high density spots (particles, atoms, molecules, objects, planets and stars, galaxies, galaxy groups, and arenas) is the same as the distribution of the wave energy turbulence across the UCWEB.

The distribution of matter then, when you characterize matter as turbulence or highly disturbed wave energy in space, brings to mind the concept of the ratio of matter energy to background energy. Also, the definition of less disturbed space in the background and the correspondence to layers of disturbance that I was just talking about in the posts about the difference in the flow of energy between QWC and spacetime comes to mind.

Everything has to be internally consistent and so the ratio between matter energy and background energy is fixed on a universal basis; it is only the distribution of the frequency of the wave interactions that is constantly changing. The ratio is 1 to one trillion, … just kidding; wanted to see if anyone was there and give you a little laugh along with the big laughs.

Whatever that universal ratio is, on a grand scale it determines the look of the landscape and the frequency of occurrence of arenas and arena action. The higher the ratio of matter to background, the closer the arenas will be on a grand scale.

Short break … I’m back.

Gravity causes crunch/bangs, and there is a limit to the wave energy density that can be achieved by gravity before the crunch collapses and bounces into expansion forming a new arena. The gravity gets its control over the matter in the vicinity when expanding arenas full of galaxies intersect and overlap (huge arena waves overlapping). The convergence interrupts the expansion momentum that the arena has enjoyed for billions of years as it forms its galaxies and expands in the space afforded to it by the distribution and spacing of arenas across the landscape of the greater universe.

So that is the macro landscape that corresponds to the fixed universal ratio of matter energy to background energy. Gravity plays a decisive role in the look of the landscape, but until now I have spoken that gravity is actually achieved in the QWC speculations at the micro level.

So as I contemplate the micro level and quantum action, and keeping my opinion that quantum action on the micro level and arena action on the macro level have strikingly similar mechanics, I come to the point of rewriting the cause of gravity posts. On that basis arena action becomes macro gravity, though that has been just a whimsical topic that I covered in the QWC discussions about “turtles all the way down”. Now I am thinking that arena level wave intersections and overlap would cause arena level gravity that would act between arenas. More on that later.

Thank you for the chat and now I think I am ready to tackle the rewrite of posts 38 and 39. I’ll make the entire rewrite available by the end of the year in the form of “QWC 2012” for your renewed disparagement, lol.

Note: If you want honorable mention in QWC 2012 all you have to do is contribute some meaningful chat that helps me shape the changes I am making.

 

09-26-11, 10:47 AM, #223

Strangely enough, this chat was viewed over 130 times over the weekend. Why? Maybe it is the tags I have on the thread that brings people here in their search results, but I have used search engines on the web since their beginning and when I look at my search results and the little snippet of text that accompanies them, I go to one or two that are specific to what I was looking for.

People don’t search for QWC, meaning that no one was looking for this thread and so why click it when it shows up in a search result. I’m more inclined to believe that the views are from people who come to SciForums, members and quests, as a destination and then look at the recent posts or at the Pseudoscience forum to be entertained, certainly not educated or informed. I post mostly in Pseudoscience and though from time to time there is some action on my threads, mostly the on-topic posts are me speculating or philosophizing. I feel that people viewing the Pseudoscience forum are looking for where the action is; for active threads with disparagement and defensiveness, craziness and confrontation. This thread, over the weekend anyway, had none of that and yet 132 views since the last post of which a few were mine. I suspect they are click-on/click-offs by passersby.

Friday’s “chat” about gravity in a wave energy universe was unique for me. Usually I do the contemplating and speculating in private and then write it up, get it the way I want it, and then post it. Posting of my view of cosmology is a selfish personal activity because I use the act of posting as a point of commitment to the speculation. I backtrack and retract from time to time and I usually say so when I do that, so personally my post is my bond. I will stand by it and defend it as being internally consistent with QWC and not inconsistent with known science or data. That is why it is out here on the web. It is out here and subject to the scrutiny of the internet community and the SciForums community even if no one scrutinizes it or comments on it. I delude myself into thinking that if I make a gross mistake that there are critics out there that will enjoy pointing them out. It only takes one critic to make my day, and not one showed up since my last post. You are giving me a free ride and encouraging me to keep up the deluded pea brained speculation that I call QWC. If you want it to stop you can’t just sit back. Rip me one, lol, but address the topic and not your disdain for me or speculation in general. I’ll general be contrite with those posters and will be outgoing and friendly with anyone who posts on-topic.

I certainly believe that no one has read this far but now I’ll address the topic again. I left off with a good feeling that I was ready to rewrite the two gravity posts, #38 and #39. Unfortunately I let my mind wander again while in the hot tub watching the sky darken and the colors fade after the sunset last night. The thought that I was playing with was about our expanding universe and the mental act that I think many science oriented people have done at one point or another and that is imagining the backtracking of the expansion.

Though all science is tentative as evidenced by the flap over the experiments being discussed this weekend that seem to show some neutrinos traveling faster than light, I consider the evidence to be that the universe as we can see it is expanding. The evidence is that the galaxies in general are all moving away from each other. Mentally back tracking the galactic motion of separation is right in line with general relativity and spacetime. It is a lovely concept and using the imagination to perform the back tracking is quite fun to me. You can go slow or fast and back and forth, working your way from today and back into time toward the earliest instant where all the galactic material, radiation, energy, everything was at its smallest finite volume. Don’t get side tracked about the physics of mass and motion along the way, we can do that when we mentally reverse the process and follow the expansion from t=~0. Right now we are talking about what we come to when the entire back tracking is finished and we are there at t=~0.

What do you think we might have at that point in time and space? Don’t give me theory; what do you think we back track to yourself based on what you see when you imagine it.

Like my last post, I don’t expect any response but would love to have responses so don’t go thinking I don’t want you or appreciate you, if you are there. But I just mean that I’m not going to stop here, lol. I’m going to tell you what I think we have when we backtrack to that earliest moment in time of the known universe.

I think we have the instant of the big bang. We have a freeze frame in our imagination of essentially the first moment of our now known and expanding universe.

This may not seem like it was worth all this reading to get here but it was. Because it is a chance for you to test your own views and your own take on cosmology. Big Bang theory says one thing; you back tack to an initial singularity which is undefined. The beginning, which the scientific consensus is unable to fully grasp because of the imponderable nature of such things, bumps up against the scientific method and that method runs out at the singularity. We don’t know.

Now we speculate, or at least I am going to.

Spacetime requires that there be an initial singularity and that space and time began out of the singularity. OK, so maybe God did it or maybe something from nothing was natural back in those days, and you can accept either of those explanations but either way you are faced with there being nothing physical (if God is your choice we can say God would not be physical). There were no physical preconditions if you accept general relativity and spacetime in its purest sense unless you can imagine an infinitely dense zero volume point in space. I can’t.

I can’t accept it. Call me a deluded pea brain because of that if you want and I will wear that label proudly because I have some inborn aversion to it and if you don’t, fine, we will never agree short of some irrefutable evidence on either side.

So what is my view? We backtrack to the instant of the collapse and bounce of a big crunch that marks the instant of a big bang event.

There were preconditions that were at least able to present us with an event that carried the matter and energy equivalent to our known expanding arena that I describe as our extended Hubble volume of space.

My personal view of cosmology is all about those preconditions. They are my personal contemplations and speculations about the greater universe that pre-existed our known circumstances. I speculate about what those preexisting circumstance were and how they lead to the collapse and bounce of a big crunch and into the expansion of our visible portion of the universe.

I have one very real piece of evidence to go by and so I use it. There is what we call our big bang universe, it exists, and we have some good science and science theory about how it has acted from that initial t=0 moment. Of course there are huge degrees of disagreement between those science theories depending on if you are describing what would fit with the singularity of general relativity and spacetime, or if you are describing what would fit with various possible preexisting circumstances.

Spacetime is out of my radar. I’ll leave that for the rest of you. To me, general relativity and spacetime is the product of the scientific method and the imponderable dilemma that is presented to the scientific community because we cannot know the details or quantify the event using science. Spacetime is the science theory that is the logical outcome of completing the imaginary journey back to the beginning, and the singularity is logical relative to any specific speculation because there is no evidence to support any other speculation, or there wasn’t until recently.

My other thread about whether Lorentz invariance is possible in a multiverse features the work of Laura Mersini-Houghton. She takes the observations referred to as “dark flow” and the “void spot in space” (Google her and them) and incorporates them into her view of cosmology and there are several aspects of her view that can easily correspond to QWC even though she does not abandon spacetime and I don’t use spacetime.

Thank you again for the chat. Let’s see if anyone views this huge word salad, lol.

 

09-30-11, 11:38 AM, #228

So my position is that spacetime is not part of QWC. QWC is based on there being preconditions to the Big Bang that include infinite preexisting space and time, and a universe filled with wave energy density. Spacetime cannot be true if the preconditions don’t support a spacetime continuum where each x,y,z,t point is an independent event that occurs as expansion proceeds from the initial singularity out of a zero volume point of space.

I posted over on my Lorentz Invariance thread a description of the difference in the source of energy between the Big Bang spacetime cosmology and QWC. I’m a pea brain and so no one will talk to me about it but having an opinion is a start ?

Here is a summary of my view of where the energy comes from in spacetime cosmologies. The conclusion is that the initial singularity was an infinitely dense zero volume of space. The Big Bang event was the instantaneous inflation of that space which created the vacuum and produced vacuum energy density providing an environment for matter formation. The matter that formed exerts pressure against the vacuum and the imbalance between the vacuum and that pressure is the cosmological constant.

A positive constant means expansion will accelerate and a negative constant means that expansion will reverse into contraction. Observations show that the expansion is accelerating and the conclusion is that the pressure of the matter density exceeds the vacuum energy density and so the universe will continue to expand at an accelerating rate.

That is pretty simple, right?

I’m still looking for input so hopefully someone will upgrade that little scenario for me.

The QWC source of energy is the energy conserved by the arena process that is extracted from the galactic material from the converging arenas. The arenas overlap, gravity attracts the galactic material that is encompassed in the overlap space, a big crunch forms, collapses and bounces into a an expanding dense state of wave energy negated from the galactic material of the parent arenas; that is the big bang event and is a common event across the arena landscape of the greater universe.

So with at least an idea about the energy source differences between spacetime and QWC I will tell you that some things again begin to make sense. You don’t need an initial singularity with infinite density and zero volume that contains the makeup and energy of the entire universe. That alone is enough for me, lol.

But it also allows for an explanation for the Big Bang. If we are living in a big bang arena that expanded out of some preconditions, then let’s conclude that ours is not the only big bang arena out there. I take it to the limit of course by speculating that there are a potentially infinite number of arenas playing out across the infinite landscape of the greater universe, but that is a bit flowery and wordy for most people. But why not assume that there are even a finite number of other arenas that expand, overlap, crunch, bounce and expand on an ongoing basis out there in the greater universe. That provides a reasonable and responsible set of conditions for the cause of our big bang, does it not?