Mapping Challenges       WS 3                                               Name __________________________ Period _____

 

Use notes, internet and/or your textbook to answer the following questions.

 

  1. What do you call the imaginary lines that run horizontally across a map that measure distance north or south of the Equator?

 

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  1. What do you call the imaginary lines that run vertically from the North Pole to the South Pole on a map that measure distance east or west of the Prime Meridian?

 

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  1. What feature found on a map helps determine orientation?

 

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  1. What feature found on a map helps determine distance from one place to another?

 

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  1. Describe a Mercator projection.

 

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  1. Who would use a Mercator projection?  For what purpose?

 

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  1. Describe a Robinson projection.

 

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  1. For what purpose would a Robinson projection be used?

 

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  1. Describe a Polar projection.

 

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  1. For what purpose would a polar projection be used?

 

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  1. Describe a problem with maps during Christopher Columbus’s lifetime.

 

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  1. Name two things that have helped improve maps since the time of Columbus.

 

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  1. How does GIS help geographers?

 

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  1. What problems occur when a cartographers attempts to represent our round world on a flat map?

 

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  1. What can be distorted when using a flat map?

 

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  1. Who would refer to the Sea of Japan as the “East Sea”?

 

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  1. What is another name for the Persian Gulf?

 

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  1. What is the common term used for Northern Africa and Southwest Asia?

 

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  1. Which two countries are fighting over Kashmir?

 

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  1. Why don’t North and South Korea get along with each other?

 

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  1. Describe the major reasons for the disputed lands in the former Yugoslavia.

 

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  1. How would a map of Africa from 1914 look different from today’s map?

 

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  1. Which countries might look differently if you viewed maps of Europe before and after World War II?

 

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  1. If you look a current map of Russia and a map of the former Soviet Union, which country would be larger?

 

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  1. Which country appears on a map of the Middle East that would not have been there before 1948?

 

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