Sit

Holding your arm straight down at your side you raise the forearm and hand from the elbow, palm down and closed, above dog’s head.

Down

Lower hand, arm extended and palm down, from a horizontal position towards the ground.

Stay or Wait

Full palm of hand is extended from shoulder height at arms length towards the dog (policeman's stop signal).

Come

Arms fully outstretched horizontally on each side then brought to meet in front of your stomach.

Heel

Dog walks on your left side. Tap left thigh with left hand.  From front position, dog comes round your back from right side to left. From back position dog comes in on left. (on or off lead)

     

Off

To stop dog jumping up at you, say OFF as he rises to touch you and turn your back on him.

In

Point indoors or towards the item or vehicle you wish the dog to enter with arm and index finger fully extended.

Out

Point outdoors or away from the item or vehicle you wish the dog to leave with arm and index finger fully extended.

   

Leave

Wave hand or hands with arms extended towards the dog and away from the object you wish left alone. May be used to stop playing with toys or to interrupt feeding.

 

Back

Wave hand from direction of dogs head in the direction you wish him to go, hold position pointing. Repeat to get dog to go further back. To keep dog behind move extended arm backwards, palm flat and facing towards dog.

Fetch or Get It

Wave hand from direction of dogs head towards item to be retrieved and point.

Hold

Place item in dogs mouth and place one hand palm up under the jaw and the other hand palm down over the nose, gently holding jaws tight on item. Step back and show palm of hand as in stay.

   

Give

Get the dog to sit first. Offer both hands to each side of the dogs mouth to take item. Grip and gently remove

 

Catch

Pretend to throw with underarm 'Bowling' motion while using other arm extended and palm facing dog in 'stay' command. When you throw remove stay command to free dog to catch object.

 

Rug

Point to dogs rug - this should not be used as a punishment - so smile.

Quiet

Waggle extended index finger vertically, from side to side, in front of the dogs face. The hand signal used here + eye contact can be interpreted as confrontational by dominant / aggressive dogs. Use of this sign towards a dog with such problems is inadvisable and if done you can expect the dog to react as though challenged.

Watch Me

Point to your eyes using one or both hands until the dog makes eye contact. A very useful command to teach a deaf dog.

No

Point index finger straight at dogs head with elbow bent. The hand signal used here + eye contact can be interpreted as confrontational by dominant / aggressive dogs. Use of this sign towards a dog with such problems is inadvisable and if done you can expect the dog to react as though challenged.

Go Free

Both arms thrown up in the air together and extended in an exuberant manner.