A clause in the law that directs the referee to refrain from stopping play for a foul if a stoppage would benefit the team that committed the violation.
Angle of run;
The angle at which a player runs, sometimes applied in relation to the ball and sometimes in relation to the goal.
Angle, altering the angle and passing in one movement:
Applied to a player controlling the ball and moving it two or three yards to the side and then passing on the second touch.
Applied to the line of the pass, i.e. angling the ball to the right or left of a player.
Any player on the team that has possession of the ball. 2. All players on the team are attackers / attacker.
The team that has possession of the ball.
A player's use of his head to direct the ball backwards.
A player that has possession of the ball.
Player focuses solely on the ball and loses sight of the opponent he or she is supposed to mark.
Bicycle kick or scissors kick:
When a player kicks the ball in mid-air backwards and over his/her own head, usually making contact above waist level; an acrobatic shot.
The opposite side of a defender to the ball.
Carrying the ball:
A foul called on a goalkeeper when he takes more than 7 seconds while holding or bouncing the ball.
Movement used to create space between the player with the ball and the marking opponent.
Making a movement in one direction, stopping, and then moving off in the opposite direction.
When a player uses his chest to slow down and control a ball in the air.
A pass lofted into the air from a player to a teammate.
The act of moving the ball out from within scoring range. A defensive measure.
The metal, plastic or rubber points in the bottom of a soccer/football shoe used to provide a player with traction.
Control of the ball by withdrawing the surface in contact with the ball on impact, e.g. the thigh.
Control of the ball with the use of a rigid surface, e.g. the sole of the boot.
The surface of the body in contact with the ball to bring the ball under control.
The portion of practice devoted to stretching muscles and returning body functions to their normal state.
A quarter-circle with a radius of 1 yard located at each of the 4 corners of the field.
The flag located at each of the 4 corners of the field.
1. Defensive support. 2. To take a position close to your opponent so as to challenge his/her efforts.
A pass made to the area, usually beyond the post, farthest from the point from which the ball was kicked.
Cross, flank (wing);
A pass made to the area four to six yards infield from the post nearest to the point from which the ball was kicked.
The horizontal beam that forms the top of a goal and sits on top of the two posts; it is 24 feet long and supported 8 feet above the ground.
Crosses, prime target area:
Cut down the angle:
When a player attempts a play that the referee considers dangerous to that player or others, such as trying to kick the ball out of the goalie's hands, even if no contact is made.
Defender, committing the;
Attracting the exclusive attention of a defender by moving towards him with or without the ball.
1. The players on the team that does not have possession of the ball. 2. All players on the team are defenders / defender.
The team that does not have possession of the ball.
Defense, back of the;
The space between the goalkeeper and the defender nearest to him.
A team's function of preventing the opposition from scoring.
The ricochet of a ball after it hits a player.
Direct free kick;
A restart situation that can be scored directly by the shooter.
Concealing one's intentions by pretending to do one thing and then doing something else.
A game that ends with a tied score.
Applied to an attacker taking the ball past an opponent.
A player who advances the ball while controlling it with his feet.
A way of moving the ball along the ground by using the feet while keeping the ball under player's control.
A method of restarting a game where the referee drops the ball. The ball must hit the ground.
When a goalie drops the ball from his hands and kicks it before it hits the ground.
Stepping over the ball and letting it roll past you to a teammate, or applied in dribbling to feinting to move in one direction, to unbalancing an opponent, before moving away in a different direction.
The goalpost more distant from the ball position.
Body movements designed to unbalance an opponent, or a deceptive movement which can be applied with or without the ball, e.g. feinting to kick the ball, or feinting to move in one direction.
Flank (wing), attacking third;
A player's use of his head to deflect the ball.
Flight, line of;
Applied to the trajectory of the ball.
A player's use of the bottom or sides of his/her shoe to control a rolling or low-bouncing ball.
Name for soccer everywhere in the world.
3-3-4: a formation that consists of 3 defenders, 3 midfielders and 4 forwards.
4-2-4: a formation that consists of 4 defenders, 2 midfielders and 4 forwards.
4-3-3: a formation that consists of 4 defenders, 3 midfielders and 3 forwards.
4-4-2: a formation that consists of 4 defenders, 4 midfielders and 2 forwards.
5-3-2: a formation that consists of 5 defenders, 3 midfielders and 2 forwards.
27% of all goals are from long forward passes.
Forward runs. (objective);
1. Make forward runs as direct and quick as possible.
A violation of the laws for which an official assesses a free kick.
A kick awarded to a players team for a foul committed by the opposition; the player kicks a stationary ball without any opposing players within 10 yards of the ball.
Shooting a ball directly out of the air.
The rectangular area 20 yards wide by 6 yards deep in front of each goal.
The field boundary running along its width at each end; also called the end line; runs right across the front of the goal.
Goal side of the ball;
A position between the ball and the goal one is defending.
Goal side position;
Goal, mid-goal area;
An area in front of the goal and six to twelve yards out from the goal-line.
5% of all goals are one-on-one against the goalkeeper.
1. Striking a dropping ball at the moment it hits ground. 2. To kick the ball the instant after it touches the ground. 3. Kicking the ball on the short hop.
The intermission between the 2 periods or halves of a game.
The striking of a ball in the air by a player's head.
22% of all goals are from headers.
An act of directing the ball with any part of your forehead.
In the attacking third;
Indirect free kick;
Time added to the end of any period according to the referee's judgment of time lost due to player injuries or intentional stalling by a team.
A straight shot taken with the instep of a player's foot; usually the most powerful and accurate of shots.
The upper surface of the foot or boot, e.g. the laces.
Method of goalkeeper distribution used to distribute the ball over distances of 40 or more yards.
The method of starting a game or restarting it after each goal.
Line of recovery;
Line of retreat;
A powerful kick with the instep through the bottom half of the ball.
Long power shots (outside the penalty-area);
The shot may score direct or be deflected by a player into the goal. The goalkeeper may not see the shot through a crowd of players. Even if the goalkeeper makes a save, the goalkeeper may not be able to hold on to the ball or push it out for a corner, and the attacker may have a simple tap-in.
Adopt a position, in relation to an opponent, which enables a player either to prevent the opponent from receiving the ball or, at least, to challenge for the ball.
Marking a particular opponent in all the important defensive areas of the field.
A soccer/football game.
Midfield line or center line:
A line that divides the field in half along its width.
Moves that start in the attacking third:
The goal post closer to the ball position.
When a defensive player, instead of going after the ball, uses his body to prevent an offensive player from playing it.
Official game clock:
The clock that the referee carries with him on the field so he can signal when each half is over; does not stop during the game, even when play does.
The referee and 2 assistant referees who work together to make sure the game is played according to the laws of game; responsible for stopping and restarting play, keeping track of the score and the time remaining and citing violations of the laws, called fouls; they wear uniforms that distinguish them from the players on both teams.
Off-side, can not be declared off-side;
Describes a team that does not have possession of the ball.
Describes a team in possession of the ball.
One touch soccer:
Interpassing among teammates without stopping the ball.
Out of bounds:
Out of play:
Outside penalty area:
A tactic used to move defenders and midfielders into attacking positions.
A pass made by a stabbing action of the kicking foot to the bottom part of the ball to achieve a steep trajectory and vicious back spin on the ball.
A pass made by an outward rotation of the kicking foot, contact on the ball being made with the outside of the foot.
A pass made by the kicking foot making contact with the ball at the moment the ball touches the ground.
A pass made with the inside of the kicking foot.
A pass made by imparting spin to the ball, thereby causing it to swerve from either right to left or left to right. Which way the ball swerves depends on whether contact with the ball is made with the outside or the inside of the kicking foot.
A pass made before the ball touches the ground.
When a player kicks the ball to his teammate.
At each end of the soccer field two lines are drawn at right angles to the goal line, 18 yards from each goal post. Lines also extend into the field of play for a distance of 18 yards and are joined by a line drawn parallel with the goal post.
Soccer games are played on the pitch (field).
Applying an artificial restriction, e.g. all players must pass the ball on the first touch.
Applied to the movements of two attacking players moving in opposite directions past each other. These movements are usually made with the ball but can also be made without it.
Passing the ball first time, i.e. without controlling the ball.
A method of coaching which allows players to create movements without opposition.
Applied to a defending player attempting to dispossess an attacking player with the ball.
Method of tackling in which a player extends his or her leg and kicks the ball away from an opponent.
Player or team having/in control of the ball.
A method of training players to perform a technique many times in rapid succession for a limited period of time.
Prime scoring area;
The goalkeeper's basic stance when the ball enters shooting range.
To draw back part of body upon contact with the ball. This absorbs the shock on impact.
A playing card-sized card that a referee holds up to signal a player's removal from the game; the player's team must play the rest of the game shorthanded; presented for violent behavior or multiple law infractions (two yellow cards = one red card).
Restarts (of the game);
Run with the ball;
Movement with the ball without dribbling past an opponent.
A run made side-to-side as opposed to end-to-end or diagonally.
Run, diagonal, inside-to-outside;
Run, diagonal, outside-to-inside;
The movement of an attacking player from a position behind the ball, outside the player with the ball and into a position ahead of the ball.
Defenders will be much less worried about attacker who run straight up and down the field than those who move across it. Running straight is not likely to trouble the defenders, who will be able to mark players and space as well as support one another.
To put the ball into the net for a goal; also, the tally of goals for each team playing in a game.
A situation where a team stands a good chance of scoring a goal.
Positioning between the ball and an opponent attempting to gain possession.
Pads that strap onto a player's lower leg to protect the shins should he or she be kicked there.
Shooting on target (at the goal):
1. The average number of shots on target for each game is 6.5 shots.
2. The average number of shots to score 1 goal is 3.5 shots on target.
3. 10 shots on target in a game gives an 86% chance of winning.
The application of the correct technique on demand.
Soccer games are won by taking advantage of space;
Before a team can take advantage of space, it must first create the space. Space is created either by a single player or by coordinated team plays. Space can be given away by mistakes of the defending team. Attacker must always plan on the basis that the defender will give away nothing.
Increasing the distance between, to the side, in front of, or behind opponents.
Utilizing effectively in attack the space already created.
A pass made by a player to a teammate running alongside him.
When a player takes the ball away from an opposing player.
A central marking defender.
A front-running central attacker.
Replacement of one player on the field with another player not on the field.
A challenge using the feet, to win the ball from an opponent.
Taking the ball from your opponent by using the feet.
Taking players on;
Applied to dribbling past opponents.
The half of the field which a team defends.
The 8 points to spread out side-to-side.
1. The decision to spread out must (should) be taken early (at the time the team gains possession) and the team must (should) cover the ground as quickly as possible.
2. Spreading out from side-to-side, means wide out to the side line (touch line).
3. Runs must (should) be made at different angles into spaces, but not losing sight of the ball.
5. Attacking player must (should) be in positions or spaces that give them wider field of vision as possible to receive the ball.
6. The ball must (should) be played to a teammate that can take advantage of forward play; not because your teammate is in the biggest space.
7. A pass should be delayed until a teammate is in position to receive it and control it. A bad pass or poor control can destroy the space that has been created.
8. The team must take advantage of the space that has been created by forward play. If teammates insist on playing the ball square, or back, possession might be retained. Then, the initiative and the opportunity to take advantage of space will be lost.
When a player uses his thigh to slow down and control a ball in the air.
Things to remember in defending, Once the Defender is in position goal side of the ball, the Defender must think about his/her line of recovery, marking and challenging an opponent. The Defender has 5 options.
2. Occupy important space goal side of the ball.
3. Mark an Attacker in the area of the ball.
4. Cover a teammate who is challenging the Attacker with the ball.
5. Challenge the Attacker with the ball.
Things to remember in passing, (best option first);
1. Pass the ball into space in back of the defense.
2. Pass the ball to feet of the most advanced attacker.
3. Pass the ball beyond at least one defender.
4. Pass the ball cross the field to switch the line of attack.
5. Pass the ball back to a supporting teammate.
1. Move in to prearranged marking position quickly.
2. Mark close in the area of the ball.
3. Mark in back of the attacker.
4. Mark the space in front of the attacker.
5. The goalkeeper be in the right position.
6. Seal off as much space as possible inside the penalty area.
7. Player in the wall line up, tallest on the outside (in line with ball and post) and the shortest is on the inside.
Things to remember to gain more set plays, (best option first);
1. Pass the ball to the back of the defense.
2. Cross the ball to the back of the defense.
Thirds of the field;
Areas roughly 35 yards in length signifying the defending, the middle, and the attacking thirds of the field.
A type of restart where a player throws the ball from behind his head with two hands while standing with both feet on the ground behind a sideline; taken by a player opposite the team that last touched the ball before it went out of bounds across a sideline.
The job of the referee, who keeps track of the official time.
1. Side boundary of the field. 2. The side lines of the field.
Running behind another player.
When a player uses his body to slow down and control a moving ball, most often using his chest, thighs or feet.
1. One of nine offenses warranting a direct foul. 2. The act of stopping a ball and bringing the ball under your control.
Turning one's opponent;
Causing an opponent to turn, usually by playing the ball past him, or by moving past him, or by both.
Turning with the ball;
The act of receiving the ball when facing one's goal and turning, with the ball under control, to face the opponent's goal.
The loss of possession of the ball.
A hooking or circular movement by the kicking leg where the leg is parallel with the ground when contact is made on the ball.
Any ball kicked by a player when it is off the ground.
17% of all goals are from volleys.
Position of the goalkeeper's hands when fielding a chest-high ball.
Give and go pass, or interpassing between two attacking players, where the player acting as the wall plays the ball first time and off at a similar angle at which the ball was received. The pass is usually made behind an opponent.
The player acting as the wall in a wall pass.
A line of 2 to 5 defending players pressed together shoulder-to-shoulder to protect their goal against a close free kick; creates a more difficult shot by reducing the amount of open goal area the kicker has to shoot at.
Exercises that warm the muscles and prepare the body for vigorous activity.
Weight of the pass;
A term quite frequently used to describe the pace of a pass.
Wings or wingers:
The outside forwards who play to the sides of the strikers and whose primary task is to provide them with accurate crossing passes so they can shoot at the goal; often the fastest players and best dribblers on a team.
The international soccer competition held by FIFA every 4 years between the top professional teams in the world, pitting nation against nation; the most watched event in the world, attracting a television audience of over 3 billion viewers.
A playing card-sized card that a referee holds up to warn a player for dangerous or unsportsmanlike behavior; also called a caution; 2 yellow cards in one game earns a player an automatic red card, signaling his removal from the game.
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