Twelve humans living on thirty acres.  Factor e Farm is the first Global Village of Open Source Ecology.  In addition to being an incubator for open source technology, it is a self-sustaining unit that houses, clothes, feeds, and fuels human life.  This is its proposed ecology.

Specifications:

        In alignment with Open Source Ecology’s core values and design specifications, this model will integrate replicability, modularity, flexibility, and sustainability in its design.  By applying these ideas to agriculture, some ideas that emerge are those of permaculture, swadeshi, regenerative land stewardship, organic agroecology, and ethnobotany.  In the spirit of open source culture, this model is free to be shared, replicated, improved, and revised.

Food:

        Objective: Feeding twelve people principally from what is grown on thirty acres.  What do people need to eat in order to thrive?

The diet in this plan is “lacto-ovo-vegetarian”, but is mostly based on plant foods and is flexible to be adjusted to accommodate whatever resources are available, or based on personal preference.

Establishing Dietary Needs:

http://users.rcn.com/jkimball.ma.ultranet/BiologyPages/N/Nutrition.html#How_dietary_needs_are_established

Macronutrients: http://www.iom.edu/Global/News%20Announcements/~/media/C5CD2DD7840544979A549EC47E56A02B.ashx

Micronutrients:

http://iom.edu/Activities/Nutrition/SummaryDRIs/~/media/Files/Activity%20Files/Nutrition/DRIs/RDA%20and%20AIs_Vitamin%20and%20Elements.pdf

One person, per day, average requirement:

130 grams carbohydrate

28 grams fiber

30 grams total fat (ideally mono/polyunsaturated)

51 grams protein

Twelve people, per day, average requirement:

1560 grams carbohydrate

336 grams fiber

156 grams polyunsaturated (linoleic acid)

15.6 grams polyunsaturated (α-linoleic acid)

612 grams protein

Twelve people, per annum, average requirement

569.4 kilograms carbohydrate

122.64 kilograms fiber

56.94 kilograms polyunsaturated (linoleic acid)

5.694 kilograms polyunsaturated (α-linoleic acid)

223.38 kilograms protein

Verifying the nutrient contents of certain foods:

https://www.supertracker.usda.gov/default.aspx

http://www.cronometer.com

Other Nutritional Resources:

http://www.ars.usda.gov/Services/docs.htm?docid=8964

http://fnic.nal.usda.gov/dietary-guidance/dietary-reference-intakes/dri-tables

See spreadsheet entitled Off-Grid Nutrition

        Strategy:

                Planning

                        Planting Software:

Google Crop Planning

                                By area code:http://sproutrobot.com/maysville-mo/planting-calendar/64469

                        Timeline documentation

                        Budget

                Infrastructure

                        Site clean-up

                        Greenhouse and workshop organization

                        Resource inventory and organization

Growing vegetables

                        Raised bed gardens

                        Greenhouse

                Growing fruit and nuts

                        Organic orchard

                        Edible fencelines

                        Viticulture

                        Greenhouse nursery and propagation facility

                Soil Development

                        Composting house waste

                        Biochar production

                        Crop rotation and diversity

                        Mulching

                        Vermiculture

                        Cover crops

                Forestry

                        Mycoculture

                        Edible and medicinal native plants

                Dairy

Pasture fed cows - rotational grazing using electric fence, eventually permanent edible fence

                        Open source milking machine        

        Poultry

                        Free range for eggs and meat

                Aquaculture

                        Pond - contracted, later stocked with catfish, perch, bass

                        Greenhouse aquaculture

                Pork

                        Pasture fed pigs

                Increased Yields

                        Soil Development

                                Composting

                                Biochar production

                                Crop rotation and diversity

                                Mulching

                                Vermiculture

                                Humanure

                                Water retention/Erosion prevention

                                        Terracing

                                        Keyline Plowing

                                        Swales and berms

                                        Reforestation

                        Ecosystem Development

                                Ponds

                                        Shallow dam - ½ acre pond 2.5 feet deep

                                        Contracted pond - ¾ acre pond 8-10 feet deep

                                Encouraging species diversity

                                Reforestation

                                Companion planting

                                Pest Predator Habitats

                                Increased human accessibility

                                        Road accessibility

                                        Established gardens close to human dwellings

                                        Documentation

                                        Tooling

                People

                        Farm Director

Interns

                        WWOOFers

                        Apprentices

                        DPV’s

                        Working Roles

                                Livestock

                                Gardens

                                Infrastructure

        Materials: see 2013 Budget

Procedure: see Timeline

        

Fuel:

        Objective: Generate heat sufficient for twelve people to cook, heat water, and warm themselves.

        Methods:

                Forestry

                        Responsible tree felling

Coppicing rotation

                        Fuel crops

                                Switchgrass

                                Ragweed

                

Clothing:

        Objective: Grow fiber sufficient for twelve people to clothe themselves.

        Methods:

                Flax cultivation for seed and fiber

                        Processing

                                Braking

                                Scutching

                                Combing

                                Strick storing

                                Spinning

                Animal polyculture

                        Sheep

                        Alpaca

                        Rotational mob grazing

                        Spring/fall shearing