Mental Maps, Absolute v. Relative Location    WS 1                  Name ________________________

 

Vocabulary terms

 

Mental maps:

 

Latitude:

 

Longitude:

 

Parallels:

 

Meridians:

 

Prime meridian:

 

Hemisphere:

 

Atlas:

 

Relative location:

 

Absolute location:

 

 Orientation:

 

 

  1. State two important uses of mental maps.

 

            --

            --

 

  1. Describe the relative location of Washington, D.C. by using at least three different reference points.

 

 

  1. Which would be used to measure degrees to the north or south of the equator:  Latitude or longitude?

 

 

  1. “My house is about three blocks from the grocery store.”  Is this statement showing absolute location or relative location?

 

 

  1. The Earth is divided into a northern and southern hemisphere, and also an eastern and western hemisphere.  List the hemispheres in which you would find the seven continents.

                  Example:         North America—Western, Northern

                                         

                                          South America—

                                          Europe—

                                          Asia—

                                          Antarctica—

                                          Australia—

                                          Africa—

 

  1. What does longitude measure?

 

 

  1. What function does a compass rose serve on a map?

 

 

  1. Latitude and longitude determine absolute location.  Using the world map in your book (page S23), determine which city can be found near the following absolute locations:

 

            Absolute Location        City, Country

 

      33 N, 118 W               _____________________

      1 S, 78 W                    _____________________

      41 S, 173 E                       _____________________

      35 N, 140 E                 _____________________

      33 S, 20 E                    _____________________