Guided Notes: Lesson 1
Directions: Fill out these notes on Lesson 1 as we go through the SMARTboard show. This guide should help you understand the main points.
Where Civilization Began (page 35)
First civilization develops in ________ b.c.
Civilizations are groups of ________ who have a __________ and ___________ society.
-own food supply
These civilizations started in ____________ Asia between the ___________ ___________ and the ___________ _________.
These lands had __________ and ___________ soil.
This land became known as the _____________ _____________.
The environment of the Fertile Crescent:
Near the Mediterranean Sea---Forests: habitat for _________ _____________ and ____________
Further South: Grasslands: ____________ ____________ and _________
East: _________ Mountains
Central: Plain bordered by 2 rivers: ___________ and ________________
Between these two Rivers is called: _____________________ *****
Climate and Rivers (36)
Climate of Northern Mesopotamia: NOT ideal for _____________.
Summers: long, hot and dry.
May-October: No _______
Nov.-April: Rain comes as downpour or brief sprinkle.
**Big Problem: NOT enough __________ for crops to grow.
^^Solution: Move ___________
_________ b.c. Farmers from Northern Fertile Crescent move South.
These farmers go from a ____________ to a ___________ between two rivers.
These two Rivers are the _____________ and the ______________.
Rivers are permanent source of ____________ _____________.
**Essential for Human Development**
Fish for Food
Soil very _________ because of rivers over flowed often.
**Problem: Low _________
--Help control when and how much the crops are watered.
The People (37)
The people of Mesopotamia were good ___________ ______________.
--They basically had only 2 natural resources:
**Problem: constructing ____________
**Solution: Cut reeds from __________ __________ and built huts.
Bricks: The people used ___________ and ___________ to make bricks.
Basically Two Groups of People: _________________ or _____________
Things that were farmed:
Animals that were Herded:
Transportation Method: ___________
Farming Techniques: ______________ ________________
Farmers had a very sophisticated and advanced farming system.
This improved farming lead to _________________, which was a major step toward Rise of Civilization in Southern Mesopotamia.
Growth of City-States and Trade (38-39)
As Farming methods ______________
New Settlers arrived from __________________ and _____________ part of the Fertile Crescent.
As more people arrived, villages turned into _________-___________.
Examples of City-States:
A City-State is an individual _________, complete with its own form of _____________ and ____________.
Mesopotamia is a ___________, which means there is no one single ______
controlling all of it.
Because of ____________ ________, not everyone needs to farm anymore.
As a result, People can do other jobs such as:
These People would trade their __________ for ___________. (Not money)
The people of Mesopotamia used ___________ to get things they lacked such as:
Traders used _________ to trade on the ____________.
The Gateway to the wider world was the ____________ _________.
-Also a way to spread Mesopotamian _____________ to other parts of the world.
-And to bring other ___________ into Mesopotamia
________________ b.c. People arrive in Fertile Crescent
________________ b.c. First civilization in Fertile Crescent
________________ b.c. City-States of Mesopotamia rose