Guided Notes: Lesson 1

Name:__________________________ Pd.____

Directions: Fill out these notes on Lesson 1 as we go through the SMARTboard show. This guide should help you understand the main points.

Where Civilization Began (page 35)

First civilization develops in ________  b.c.

Civilizations are groups of ________ who have a __________ and ___________ society.

        -own customs

        -own food supply

        -social divisions

        -

        -

        -

These civilizations started in ____________ Asia between the ___________  ___________  and the ___________  _________.

These lands had __________   and ___________  soil.

This land became known as the _____________   _____________.

The environment of the Fertile Crescent:

        Near the Mediterranean Sea---Forests: habitat for _________   _____________  and  ____________

Further South: Grasslands: ____________   ____________   and _________

East:  _________  Mountains

West:  _____________

Central: Plain bordered by 2 rivers:  ___________ and ________________

Between these two Rivers is called: _____________________ *****

Climate and Rivers (36)

Climate of Northern Mesopotamia: NOT ideal for _____________.

        Summers: long, hot and dry.

        May-October: No _______

        Nov.-April: Rain comes as downpour or brief sprinkle.

**Big Problem: NOT enough __________ for crops to grow.

^^Solution: Move ___________

        _________ b.c. Farmers from Northern Fertile Crescent move South.

These farmers go from a ____________ to a ___________ between two rivers.  

These two Rivers are the _____________ and the ______________.

Rivers are permanent source of ____________  _____________.

        **Essential for Human Development**

        Fish for Food

        Soil very _________ because of rivers over flowed often.

**Problem: Low _________

**Solution: ______________

        --Help control when and how much the crops are watered.

The People (37)

The people of Mesopotamia were good ___________  ______________.

--They basically had only 2 natural resources:

                --

                --

**Problem: constructing ____________

**Solution: Cut reeds from __________  __________ and built huts.

Bricks: The people used ___________  and  ___________ to make bricks.

        

   

Basically Two Groups of People:  _________________  or  _____________

Things that were farmed:

        -barley

        -millet

        -Wheat

        -

        -

        -

        -

        -

Animals that were Herded:

        -

        -

        -

Transportation Method: ___________

Farming Techniques:  ______________   ________________

        Farmers had a very sophisticated and advanced farming system.

This improved farming lead to _________________, which was a major step toward Rise of Civilization in Southern Mesopotamia.

Growth of City-States and Trade (38-39)

As Farming methods ______________

People _______________

Population ________________

New Settlers arrived from __________________  and _____________ part of the Fertile Crescent.

As more people arrived, villages turned into _________-___________.

        Examples of City-States:

                -

                -

                -

                -

                -

                 -

A City-State is an individual _________, complete with its own form of _____________  and ____________.

Mesopotamia is a ___________, which means there is no one single ______

controlling all of it.

Because of ____________  ________, not everyone needs to farm anymore.

As a result, People can do other jobs such as:

        -

        -

        -

        -

        

These People would trade their __________  for ___________. (Not money)

The people of Mesopotamia used ___________ to get things they lacked such as:

        -

        -

        -

        

Traders used _________ to trade on the ____________.

The Gateway to the wider world was the ____________  _________.

        

-Also a way to spread Mesopotamian _____________ to other parts of the world.

-And to bring other ___________ into Mesopotamia

DON”T FORGET:

________________ b.c.  People arrive in Fertile Crescent

________________ b.c.  First civilization in Fertile Crescent

________________ b.c. City-States of Mesopotamia rose