The predominance of quarter-power (4-D) scaling in biology

Excerpt: Many fundamental characteristics of organisms scale

with body size as power laws of the form:

Y = Yo M^b,

where Y is some characteristic such as metabolic rate, stride length or life span, Yo is a normalization constant, M is body mass and b is the allometric scaling exponent.

A longstanding puzzle in biology is why the exponent b is usually some simple multiple of 1/4 (4-Dimensional scaling) rather than a multiple of 1/3, as would be expected from Euclidean (3-Dimensional) scaling.

http://www.nceas.ucsb.edu/~drewa/pubs/savage_v_2004_f18_257.pdf

Jerry Fodor and Massimo Piatelli-Palmarini, in 'What Darwin Got Wrong' offer an interesting example of the ‘fourth dimension’ of living systems:

'The body masses of living organisms vary between 10^-13 grams (bacteria) to 10^8 grams (whales)..., that is, by 21 orders of magnitude. It’s interesting to see how other physico-chemical and biological properties and processes, and their ratios, scale with mass. How, for instance, surfaces and internal rates of transport, rates of cellular metabolism, whole organism metabolic rate, heartbeat, blood circulation, time and overall lifespan scale with mass. These are, of course, all three-dimensional systems, so it seems astounding that all the scaling factors, encompassing microorganisms, plants and animals, are multiples of a quarter, not a third.'

“Although living things occupy a three-dimensional space, their internal physiology and anatomy operate as if they were four-dimensional. Quarter-power scaling laws are perhaps as universal and as uniquely biological as the biochemical pathways of metabolism, the structure and function of the genetic code and the process of natural selection.,,, The conclusion here is inescapable, that the driving force for these invariant scaling laws cannot have been natural selection." Jerry Fodor and Massimo Piatelli-Palmarini, What Darwin Got Wrong (London: Profile Books, 2010), p. 78-79

http://www.uncommondescent.com/evolution/16037/

4-Dimensional Quarter Power Scaling In Biology - video

http://www.metacafe.com/w/5964041/

Though Jerry Fodor and Massimo Piatelli-Palmarini rightly find it inexplicable for 'random' Natural Selection to be the rational explanation for the scaling of the physiology, and anatomy, of living things to four-dimensional parameters, they do not seem to fully realize the implications this 'four dimensional scaling' of living things presents. This 4-D scaling is something we should rightly expect from a Intelligent Design perspective. This is because Intelligent Design holds that ‘higher dimensional transcendent information’ is more foundational to life, and even to the universe itself, than either matter or energy are. This higher dimensional 'expectation' for life, from a Intelligent Design perspective, is directly opposed to the expectation of the Darwinian framework, which holds that information, and indeed even the essence of life itself, is merely an 'emergent' property of the 3-D material realm.

Here is confirmation that ‘transcendent information’, separate from matter and energy, and clearly displayed in quantum entanglement, is what is constraining biological systems to be so far out of ‘thermodynamic equilibrium’:

The relevance of continuous variable entanglement in DNA – June 21, 2010

Abstract: We consider a chain of harmonic oscillators with dipole-dipole interaction between nearest neighbours resulting in a van der Waals type bonding. The binding energies between entangled and classically correlated states are compared. We apply our model to DNA. By comparing our model with numerical simulations we conclude that entanglement may play a crucial role in explaining the stability of the DNA double helix.

http://arxiv.org/abs/1006.4053v1

comment on preceding analysis:

Quantum entanglement holds together life’s blueprint

Excerpt: “If you didn’t have entanglement, then DNA would have a simple flat structure, and you would never get the twist that seems to be important to the functioning of DNA,” says team member Vlatko Vedral of the University of Oxford.

http://neshealthblog.wordpress.com/2010/09/15/quantum-entanglement-holds-together-lifes-blueprint/

Quantum entanglement helps keep DNA together - June 2010

Excerpt: As it turns out, the size of the DNA helix corresponds rather well to the wavelength (frequency) of the phonons. This correspondence causes the phonons to stay within this frequency, something called ‘phonon trapping.’ Though the nucleotide phonons in each base pair oscillate in opposite directions they do so in a quantum entangled system – they act together and at the same frequency, ensuring the stability of the pair bond and of the helix itself.

http://scitechstory.com/2010/06/29/quantum-entanglement-helps-keep-dna-together/

DNA and quantum entanglement - July 2010

Excerpt: That's possible because phonons have a wavelength which is similar in size to a DNA helix and this allows standing waves to form, a phenomenon known as phonon trapping. When this happens, the phonons cannot easily escape. A similar kind of phonon trapping is known to cause problems in silicon structures of the same size.

http://kottke.org/10/07/dna-and-quantum-entanglement

Does DNA Have Telepathic Properties?-A Galaxy Insight

Excerpt: DNA has been found to have a bizarre ability to put itself together, even at a distance, when according to known science it shouldn't be able to. Explanation: None, at least not yet.,,, The recognition of similar sequences in DNA’s chemical subunits, occurs in a way unrecognized by science. There is no known reason why the DNA is able to combine the way it does, and from a current theoretical standpoint this feat should be chemically impossible.

http://www.dailygalaxy.com/my_weblog/2009/04/does-dna-have-t.html

More ‘Quantum biology’ sources on this page:

Congruent Solutions to Zeno's Paradoxes

http://beliefinstitute.com/article/congruent-solutions-zenos-paradoxes

It is important to realize just how far detached our understanding is, for this 'chemical impossibility' of what is happening inside DNA, so that it may be clearly understood that there is another more foundational force at work in the DNA, besides, and independent of, matter and energy. Namely Information:

Quantum Dots Spotlight DNA-Repair Proteins in Motion - March 2010

Excerpt: "How this system works is an important unanswered question in this field," he said. "It has to be able to identify very small mistakes in a 3-dimensional morass of gene strands. It's akin to spotting potholes on every street all over the country and getting them fixed before the next rush hour." Dr. Bennett Van Houten - of note: A bacterium has about 40 team members on its pothole crew. That allows its entire genome to be scanned for errors in 20 minutes, the typical doubling time.,, These smart machines can apparently also interact with other damage control teams if they cannot fix the problem on the spot.

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/03/100311123522.htm

Can Quantum Mechanics Play a Role in DNA Damage Detection? (Short answer; YES!)  – video - as well at about 27 Minute mark in the video - Fröhlich Condensation and Quantum Consciousness

http://www.scivee.tv/node/25476

Information and entropy – top-down or bottom-up development in living systems? A.C. McINTOSH – May 2010

Excerpt: It is proposed in conclusion that it is the non-material information (transcendent to the matter and energy) that is actually itself constraining the local thermodynamics to be in ordered disequilibrium and with specified raised free energy levels necessary for the molecular and cellular machinery to operate.

http://journals.witpress.com/journals.asp?iid=47

Quantum states in proteins and protein assemblies: The essence of life? - Hameroff

Excerpt: The unitary oneness and ineffability of living systems may depend on mesoscopic/macroscopic quantum states in protoplasm.

http://www.tony5m17h.net/SHJTQprotein.pdf

Here is a neat little video clip that I wish was a bit longer (they say a longer one is in the works):

The Flow – Resonance Film – video

Description: The Flow, from inside a cell, looks at the supervening layers of reality that we can observe, from quarks to nucleons to atoms and beyond. The deeper we go into the foundations of reality the more it loses its form, eventually becoming a pure mathematical conception.

http://vimeo.com/groups/7286/videos/25430131

3-D Structure Of Human Genome: Fractal Globule Architecture Packs Two Meters Of DNA Into Each Cell – Oct. 2009

Excerpt: the information density in the nucleus is trillions of times higher than on a computer chip — while avoiding the knots and tangles that might interfere with the cell’s ability to read its own genome. Moreover, the DNA can easily unfold and refold during gene activation, gene repression, and cell replication.

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/10/091008142957.htm

The following looks interesting as to trying to get a grip on the, ‘chemically impossible’, massive amounts of information processing that is going on in a cell:

Classical and Quantum Information in DNA - video lecture - 35 minute

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2nqHOnVTxJE

Quantum Information In DNA & Protein Folding - short video

http://www.metacafe.com/watch/5936605/

The lecturer in the preceding video (Gretchen) shows that quantum information is ‘sandwiched’ along the whole of the DNA molecule, as well as hypothesizing that quantum information must somehow be involved in protein folding to explain the ‘increase of information’ as the linear information from the DNA becomes linear plus ’3-Dimensional’ information in the final folded state of the protein. She also proposed a test and said that if proteins folded differently (or more likely the protein will not fold at all) from the same linear information when the quantum information is disturbed/destroyed that this would be a very strong indication that quantum information was also essential in protein folding, besides the linear information from DNA being essential for protein folding.

Further evidence that quantum entanglement/information is found throughout entire protein structures:

http://www.uncommondescent.com/intelligent-design/we-welcome-honest-exchanges-here/#comment-374898

This following new paper provides further confirmation that quantum information/entanglement is involved along the entirety of protein structures. (Though the researchers, without warrant, attributed this ‘chemically impossible’ result to evolution)

Scientists get glimpse of how the 'code' of life may have emerged - March 2011

Excerpt: Rodriguez discovered that when she made these changes to the enzyme, the binding of the amino acid to the protein was strengthened, even though the amino acid binds far away from the positions where the changes were made. "It is totally counterintuitive," ,,, In all, Rodriguez found that separately removing seven different "gears" from a distant part of the molecule each caused the amino acid to bind more tightly to the aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase. Perona explained that this provides the first systematic analysis demonstrating long-range communication in an enzyme that depends on RNA for its function.

http://www.physorg.com/news/2011-03-scientists-glimpse-code-life-emerged.html

When Enzymes Don't Lie

Excerpt: The first finding was that H152 was vital to the functionality of the BioF. Perhaps what is most interesting about this finding is that H152 is not within the active site but is on the enzyme surface away from the active site. It is generally believed that the active site is the area of interest for enzymes within a family and the rest of the enzyme (the "fist") just holds the active site, but is essentially the same for all members of the family, hence the assumption of relatedness. However, these experimental findings seem to indicate that the non-active site differences, however minimal they may be, need to be considered. And that these differences may be more important than the apparent similarities.

http://www.evolutionnews.org/2011/04/when_enzymes_dont_lie046141.html

INFORMATION AND ENERGETICS OF QUANTUM FLAGELLA MOTOR

Hiroyuki Matsuura, Nobuo Noda, Kazuharu Koide Tetsuya Nemoto and Yasumi Ito

Excerpt from bottom page 7: Note that the physical principle of flagella motor does not belong to classical mechanics, but to quantum mechanics. When we can consider applying quantum physics to flagella motor, we can find out the shift of energetic state and coherent state.

http://www2.ktokai-u.ac.jp/~shi/el08-046.pdf

Quantum life: The weirdness inside us -  03 October 2011 by Michael Brooks

Smell is not the only thing that proponents of quantum biology think it might explain: there's also the mechanism that powers the entire animal kingdom. We all run on adenosine triphosphate, or ATP, a chemical made in cells' mitochondria by moving electrons through a chain of intermediate molecules. When we attempt to calculate how speedily this happens, we hit a problem. "In nature the process is much faster than it should be," says Vlatko Vedral, a quantum physicist at the University of Oxford.

http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg21128321.500-quantum-life-the-weirdness-inside-us.html?full=true

Untangling the Quantum Entanglement Behind Photosynthesis - May 11 2010

Excerpt: "This is the first study to show that entanglement, perhaps the most distinctive property of quantum mechanical systems, is present across an entire light harvesting complex," says Mohan Sarovar, a post-doctoral researcher under UC Berkeley chemistry professor Birgitta Whaley at the Berkeley Center for Quantum Information and Computation. "While there have been prior investigations of entanglement in toy systems that were motivated by biology, this is the first instance in which entanglement has been examined and quantified in a real biological system."

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/05/100510151356.htm

It is also interesting to note that quantum mechanics is also found to be necessary for Smelling, Hearing, and Vision;

Quantum explanation for how we smell gets new support - March 2011

Excerpt: According to Turin’s theory, the additional criteria are the vibrational frequencies of odorant molecules. A molecule’s vibrational frequency can cause electrons in the nasal receptors to tunnel between two energy states if the vibrational frequency matches the energy difference of the two states. Tunneling is a quantum mechanical phenomenon, since the electrons do not have enough energy to move between the two states by classical means.

http://www.physorg.com/news/2011-03-quantum-explanation.html

Quantum Noise and the Threshold of Hearing

Excerpt: We argue that the sensitivity of the ear reaches a limit imposed by the uncertainty principle. This is possible only if the receptor cell holds the detector elements in a special nonequilibrium state which has the same noise characteristics as a ground (T=0 K) state. To accomplish this "active cooling" the molecular dynamics of the system must maintain quantum mechanical coherence over the time scale of the measurement.

http://prl.aps.org/abstract/PRL/v54/i7/p725_1

Myosin Coherence

Excerpt: Quantum physics and molecular biology are two disciplines that have evolved relatively independently. However, recently a wealth of evidence has demonstrated the importance of quantum mechanics for biological systems and thus a new field of quantum biology is

emerging. Living systems have mastered the making and breaking of chemical bonds, which are quantum mechanical phenomena. Absorbance of frequency specific radiation (e.g. photosynthesis and vision), conversion of chemical energy into mechanical motion (e.g. ATP

cleavage) and single electron transfers through biological polymers (e.g. DNA or proteins) are all quantum mechanical effects.

http://www.energetic-medicine.net/bioenergetic-articles/articles/63/1/Myosin-Coherence/Page1.html

QUANTUM COHERENCE AND THE RETINA - April 2011

http://www.ghuth.com/2011/04/24/quantum-coherence-and-the-retina/

Quantum compass for birds - January 2011

Excerpt: In the new research, physicists at the University of Oxford and the National University of Singapore calculated that quantum entanglement in a bird’s eye could last more than 100 microseconds — longer than the 80 microseconds achieved in physicists’ experiments at temperatures just above absolute zero,,, The new prediction interprets data from earlier experiments that hinted at a quantum basis for magnetic navigation in migrating birds. In 2006, researchers in Frankfurt, Germany, netted 12 European robins migrating from Scandinavia. Researchers locked the robins in a wooden room and applied small magnetic fields tuned to a frequency that would disturb entangled electrons, if the birds indeed relied on entanglement to navigate.

The magnetic field, at 150 nanoTesla, was about 300 times weaker than Earth’s magnetic field, so it wouldn’t be expected to confuse the birds in the absence of an entanglement-based navigation system. But with the magnetic field on, the birds flew randomly instead of all flying in the same direction.

http://www.sciencenews.org/view/generic/id/68484/title/Quantum_compass_for_birds

Fattening up Schrödinger's cats - April 2011

Excerpt: In 1999 a team at the University of Vienna in Austria demonstrated interference in a many-slit experiment using beams of 60-atom carbon molecules (C60) shaped like hollow spheres [2]. Now Markus Arndt, one of the researchers in that experiment, and his colleagues in Austria, Germany and Switzerland have shown much the same effect for considerably larger molecules tailor-made for the purpose, up to 6 nanometres (millionths of a millimetre) across and composed of up to 430 atoms. These are bigger than some small protein molecules in the body, such as insulin.

http://philipball.blogspot.com/2011/04/fattening-up-schrodingers-cats.html

Of technical interest of finding quantum coherence in the brain;

Quantum coherence in ion channels: resonances, transport and verification - 2010

Excerpt: Ion channels are protein complexes that regulate the flow of particular ions across the cell membrane and are essential for a large range of cellular functions [19]. Besides their role in neuronal communications, in which voltage-gated channels and ligand-gated channels are involved in the generation of action potentials and mediating synaptic release, more generally ion channels play a key role in processes that rely on fast responses on the bio-molecular scale. Examples include muscle contraction, epithelial transport and T-cell activation [19, 20],,, A closer look at the involved dimensions and energetics of the process reveals that the underlying mechanism for ion transmission and selectivity might not be entirely classical.

http://www.vaziria.com/pdf/Quantum%20Resonances%20in%20ion%20channels.pdf

Quantum computation in brain microtubules: Decoherence and biological feasibility

S. Hagan, S. R. Hameroff, and J. A. Tuszyn´ski

http://www.quantumconsciousness.org/pdfs/decoherence.pdf

Quantum Computing in DNA - Hameroff

Excerpt: Hypothesis: DNA utilizes quantum information and quantum computation for various functions. Superpositions of dipole states of base pairs consisting of purine (A,G) and pyrimidine (C,T) ring structures play the role of qubits, and quantum communication (coherence, entanglement, non-locality) occur in the “pi stack” region of the DNA molecule.,,, We can then consider DNA as a chain of qubits (with helical twist).

Output of quantum computation would be manifest as the net electron interference pattern in the quantum state of the pi stack, regulating gene expression and other functions locally and nonlocally by radiation or entanglement.

http://www.quantumconsciousness.org/views/QuantumComputingInDNA.html

Here is a glimpse of quantum computation in the cell:

Quantum Dots Spotlight DNA-Repair Proteins in Motion – March 2010

Excerpt: “How this system works is an important unanswered question in this field,” he said. “It has to be able to identify very small mistakes in a 3-dimensional morass of gene strands. It’s akin to spotting potholes on every street all over the country and getting them fixed before the next rush hour.” Dr. Bennett Van Houten – of note: A bacterium has about 40 team members on its pothole crew. That allows its entire genome to be scanned for errors in 20 minutes, the typical doubling time.,, These smart machines can apparently also interact with other damage control teams if they cannot fix the problem on the spot.

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/03/100311123522.htm

It is very interesting to point out that 'transcendent' quantum computation/information is found in molecular biology, on a massive scale, when they are having such a extremely difficult time achieving even the first tiny steps of quantum computation in machines, even though the payoff, and investment, is huge!;

Quantum Computing Promises New Insights, Not Just Supermachines - Scott Aaronson - December 2011

Excerpt: Unfortunately, while small quantum computations have already been demonstrated in the lab, they typically fall apart after only a few dozen operations. That’s why one of the most-celebrated quantum computations to date has been to factor 15 into 3 times 5 — with high statistical confidence! (With a lab full of equipment). The problem is decoherence: basically, stray interactions that intrude prematurely on the computer’s fragile quantum state, “collapsing” it like a soufflé. In theory, it ought to be possible to reduce decoherence to a level where error-correction techniques could render its remaining effects insignificant. But experimentalists seem nowhere near that critical level yet. (Of note: Now they have factored 143 into 13 times 11)

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/12/06/science/scott-aaronson-quantum-computing-promises-new-insights.html?pagewanted=2&_r=1&ref=science

Quantum life: The weirdness inside us -  03 October 2011 by Michael Brooks

Excerpt: "It sounds harsh but we haven't learned a thing apart from the obvious." A better understanding of what is going on might also help us on the way to building a quantum computer that exploits coherent states to do myriad calculations at once. Efforts to do so have so far been stymied by our inability to maintain the required coherence for long - even at temperatures close to absolute zero and in isolated experimental set-ups where disturbances from the outside world are minimised.

http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg21128321.500-quantum-life-the-weirdness-inside-us.html?full=true

Scientists take another step towards quantum computing using flawed diamonds - March 2011

Excerpt: Scientists have for years been intrigued by the idea of a quantum computer,,, Such a machine would dwarf the capabilities of modern computers,

http://www.physorg.com/news/2011-03-scientists-quantum-flawed-diamonds.html

14 quantum bits: Physicists go beyond the limits of what is currently possible in quantum computation - April 2011

Excerpt: They confined 14 calcium atoms in an ion trap, which, similar to a quantum computer, they then manipulated with laser light. The internal states of each atom formed single qubits and a quantum register of 14 qubits was produced. This register represents the core of a future quantum computer.

http://www.physorg.com/news/2011-04-quantum-bits-physicists-limits.html

Two atoms entangled using microwaves for the first time - August 2011

Excerpt: Physicists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology have for the first time linked the quantum properties of two separated ions (electrically charged atoms) by manipulating them with microwaves instead of the usual laser beams, suggesting it may be possible to replace an exotic room-sized quantum computing "laser park" with miniaturized, commercial microwave technology similar to that used in smart phones.

http://www.physorg.com/news/2011-08-atoms-entangled-microwaves.html

10 billion bits of entanglement achieved in silicon

Excerpt: The researchers used high magnetic fields and low temperatures to produce entanglement between the electron and the nucleus of an atom of phosphorous embedded in a highly purified silicon crystal. The electron and the nucleus behave as a tiny magnet, or ‘spin’, each of which can represent a bit of quantum information. Suitably controlled, these spins can interact with each other to be coaxed into an entangled state – the most basic state that cannot be mimicked by a conventional computer.,,, ‘Creating 10 billion entangled pairs in silicon with high fidelity is an important step forward for us,’ said co-author Dr John Morton of Oxford University’s Department of Materials who led the team. ‘We now need to deal with the challenge of coupling these pairs together to build a scalable quantum computer in silicon.’

http://www.physorg.com/news/2011-01-billion-bits-entanglement-silicon.html

Large scale qubit generation for quantum computing

Excerpt: "Many people are trying to build a quantum computer," Olivier Pfister tells PhysOrg.com. "One to the problems, though, is that you need hundreds of thousands of qubits. So far, scalability has been something of a problem, since generating that many qubits is difficult.",,,Pfister points out that quantum computers of this sort cannot actually replace classical computers. However, quantum computers can be used for processing some types of information faster. “This is an attractive model for experiments that need cluster states. The big deal is that we got all these little quantum registers, and the entanglement is remarkably consistent.”,,, The next step, Pfister says, is to entangle the already-entangled qubits into a bigger register. “It requires additional complexity to entangle them all together, and we’re on our way to this.,,, We have shown that our control of entanglement is pretty good, but we need even better control to make entangled sets bigger than four.”,,,

http://www.physorg.com/news/2011-07-large-scale-qubit-quantum.html

Physicists Entangle 8 Photons in 'Spooky' Experiment - February 2012

Excerpt:  Entanglement is a fragile state, and entangling photons with any efficiency is a major challenge; physicists generally produce a huge number of photons for every pair of successfully entangled particles. The difficulty of creating multiple pairs of entangled photons grows exponentially as more are added. Xing-Can Yao and his colleagues at USTC calculated that if they simply extended previous six-photon experiments to include another pair of entangled photons, it would take roughly 10 hours of experimental time to generate one entangled eight-photon set. (Physicists verify the presence of entanglement by running statistical tests that require large samples of photons, so an experiment that takes hours to produce a single entangled state is impractically slow.) To overcome that limitation, the researchers used an optical scheme that filters out fewer photons and hence boosts the output of entangled photons.

http://www.livescience.com/18504-quantum-entanglement-photons.html

further notes:

Double-lock ratchet mechanism revealing the role of αSER-344 in FoF1 ATP synthase

Excerpt: In a majority of living organisms, FoF1 ATP synthase performs the fundamental process of ATP synthesis. ,,, Based on quantum mechanical computations using recent high resolution X-ray structures, we propose that during ATP synthesis the enzyme first prepares the inorganic phosphate for the γP-OADP bond-forming step via a double-proton transfer.,,,

http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2011/03/02/1010453108.abstract

http://www.creationsafaris.com/crev201103.htm#20110316a

Quantum states in proteins and protein assemblies: The essence of life? - Hameroff

Excerpt: "There is some question as to whether centrioles, cilia and flagella (i.e. flagellates) could have evolved purely by natural selection, as they are said to exhibit “irreducible complexity”.58

Darwin said in The Origin of Species:

“If it could be demonstrated that any complex organ existed which could not possibly have been formed by numerous, successive, slight modifications, my theory would absolutely break down.”

Innumerable small, randomly chosen steps of incremental changes in proteins to form tubulin, and tubulin to form microtubules, and microtubules to form centrioles, cilia and flagella would seem to offer no advantages “along the way”. Consequently centrioles, cilia and flagella have been suggested as examples of “intelligent design”.58 Designed by what, or by whom? This question leads some to “Creationism”. But there is also the view that intelligent design reflects the type of Platonic information embedded in the Planck scale suggested by Roger Penrose.59,60 If so, then via quantum states living systems are in touch with a deeper reality.

http://www.tony5m17h.net/SHJTQprotein.pdf

Quantum Coherence, Living Cells and Protein

http://www.scimednet.org/quantum-coherence-living-cells-and-protein/

Stuart Hameroff - Do we have a quantum Soul? - video

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iIyEjh6ef_8

Though I certainly don't agree with Stuart Hameroff's view, in the preceding video, on Eastern mysticism, he has none the less done excellent work in quantum mechanics, and molecular biology, showing that there is nothing within the findings of modern science that prohibit the existence of the 'eternal soul' of man. In fact it can be strongly argued that finding quantum non-locality, on a massive scale in molecular biology, absolutely requires the existence of a eternal soul for man, since, among other things, quantum information is 'conservered';

Stuart Hameroff's homepage;

http://www.quantumconsciousness.org/media.html

The following is very interesting, especially since quantum entanglement/information is now found in molecular biology:

Quantum no-hiding theorem experimentally confirmed for first time - March 2011

Excerpt: In the classical world, information can be copied and deleted at will. In the quantum world, however, the conservation of quantum information means that information cannot be created nor destroyed. This concept stems from two fundamental theorems of quantum mechanics: the no-cloning theorem and the no-deleting theorem.

A third and related theorem, called the no-hiding theorem, addresses information loss in the quantum world. According to the no-hiding theorem, if information is missing from one system (which may happen when the system interacts with the environment), then the information is simply residing somewhere else in the Universe; in other words, the missing information cannot be hidden in the correlations between a system and its environment. Physicists Samuel L. Braunstein at the University of York, UK, and Arun K. Pati of the Harish-Chandra Research Institute, India, first proved the no-hiding theorem in 2007. Until now, however, the no-hiding theorem has been a purely theoretical concept.

Now for the first time, a team of physicists consisting of Pati, along with Jharana Rani Samal (deceased) and Anil Kumar of the Indian Institute of Science in Bangalore, India, has experimentally tested and confirmed the no-hiding theorem.

http://www.physorg.com/news/2011-03-quantum-no-hiding-theorem-experimentally.html

Does the fact that (cannot be created or destroyed)' quantum information is found in molecular biology, at such a foundational level, provide conclusive proof for the eternal soul of man??? Well maybe not 'conclusive', but it certainly makes the, 'does man have a eternal soul? question', A WHOLE LOT more interesting!

Here is the ‘universal’ falsification of the materialistic ‘hidden variable’ conjecture that tried to deny transcendent information as its own independent, and unique, entity. A unique entity that is completely separate from matter or energy, as well as being dominate of matter and energy:

The Failure Of Local Realism – Materialism – Alain Aspect – video

http://www.metacafe.com/w/4744145

The falsification for local realism (materialism) was recently greatly strengthened:

Physicists close two loopholes while violating local realism – November 2010

Excerpt: The latest test in quantum mechanics provides even stronger support than before for the view that nature violates local realism and is thus in contradiction with a classical worldview.

http://www.physorg.com/news/2010-11-physicists-loopholes-violating-local-realism.html

further note:

Turin Shroud Enters 3D Age - Front and Back 3-D images - articles and videos

https://docs.google.com/document/pub?id=1gDY4CJkoFedewMG94gdUk1Z1jexestdy5fh87RwWAfg

“Information is information, not matter or energy. No materialism which does not admit this can survive at the present day.”

Norbert Weiner – MIT Mathematician – Father of Cybernetics

‘The information content of a simple cell has been estimated as around 10^12 bits, comparable to about a hundred million pages of the Encyclopedia Britannica.”

Carl Sagan, “Life” in Encyclopedia Britannica: Macropaedia (1974 ed.), pp. 893-894

of note: The 10^12 bits of information number, for a bacterium, is derived from entropic considerations, which is, due to the tightly integrated relationship between information and entropy, considered the most accurate measure of the transcendent information present in a ‘simple’ life form. For calculations please see the following site:

Moleular Biophysics – Information theory. Relation between information and entropy:

https://docs.google.com/document/pub?id=18hO1bteXTPOqQtd2H12PI5wFFoTjwg8uBAU5N0nEQIE

"Gain in entropy always means loss of information, and nothing more."

Gilbert Newton Lewis

"Is there a real connection between entropy in physics and the entropy of information? ....The equations of information theory and the second law are the same, suggesting that the idea of entropy is something fundamental..." Tom Siegfried, Dallas Morning News, 5/14/90 [Quotes Robert W. Lucky, Ex. Director of Research, AT&T, Bell Laboratories & John A. Wheeler, of Princeton & Univ. of TX, Austin]

Don Patton - Entropy, Information, and The 'Deteriorating' Fossil Record - video

http://www.vimeo.com/17050184

further note:

In this following video Dr. Bradley speaks of the ‘transcendent laws’ of math, that govern the universe, being ‘set up’ to ‘just so happen’ to allow a 3 dimensional ‘material’ reality to exist that is conducive to this ‘four dimensional’ life:

The Underlying Mathematical Foundation Of Nature -Walter Bradley – video

http://www.metacafe.com/watch/4491491/

further note:

Stephen Meyer - Functional Proteins And ‘Higher Levels’ of Information For Body Plans

http://www.metacafe.com/watch/4050681/

Fearfully and Wonderfully Made – Glimpses At Human Development In The Womb – video

http://www.metacafe.com/watch/4249713

The last time I suggested that God could very well have a fairly direct hand in body-plan formation, due to the fact that nobody really has a firm grasp on where the higher levels of epigentic information for body plans reside, I was met with some fairly bemused, and disbelieving, responses. Yet since space-time itself is 4-D in its construct (i.e. all 3-D points of the universe are expanding equally as to centrality of the expansion of the universe), and since universal quantum wave collapse of photons does indeed focus on each unique point of ‘observation’ in the universe, then the mechanism is definitely in place for God to have a ‘higher dimensional’ hand in body-plan formation, indeed in 'life' itself. Yet even if God is found not to have such a direct hand in body plan formation, the basic 4-D construct of the space-time of the universe itself does indeed lend itself to the ‘higher dimensional’ quarter power scaling revealed in this work and that would naturally flow from a 4-D space-time perspective. It definitely does not lend itself to ‘archaic’ 3-D materialism of Darwinism (of the postulation that life accidentally 'emerged' from a 3 dimensional material foundation), and it definitely is inexplicable to the chaos of scaling we would rightfully expect from a Darwinian framework if it were true:

http://www.uncommondescent.com/evolution/16037/

‘We should not expect such ’4 dimensional’ power scaling for life if life had accidentally ‘emerged’ from a 3-dimensional basis as Darwinists dogmatically contend, but should rightly expect such ‘higher dimensional’ scaling if life is ultimately, and foundationally, dependent on a higher dimensional Being (God) as the Theist contends.

Quantum mind–body problem

Parallels between quantum mechanics and mind/body dualism were first drawn by the founders of quantum mechanics including Erwin Schrödinger, Werner Heisenberg, Wolfgang Pauli, Niels Bohr, and Eugene Wigner

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quantum_mind%E2%80%93body_problem

"It was not possible to formulate the laws (of quantum theory) in a fully consistent way without reference to consciousness." Eugene Wigner (1902 -1995) laid the foundation for the theory of symmetries in quantum mechanics, for which he received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1963.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eugene_Wigner

The Mystery Of Life - God's Creation & Providence - video

http://www.metacafe.com/watch/4193364/

Can a Computer Think? Michael Egnor

Excerpt: The Turing test isn't a test of a computer. Computers can't take tests, because computers can't think. The Turing test is a test of us. If a computer "passes" it, we fail it. We fail because of our hubris, a delusion that seems to be something original in us. The Turing test is a test of whether human beings have succumbed to the astonishingly naive hubris that we can create souls.

http://www.evolutionnews.org/2011/03/failing_the_turing_test045141.html

further note:

http://www.uncommondescent.com/evolution/16037/#comment-369709