Dr. Dana W. Bartlett
The Better City; A Sociological Study of a Modern City
Los Angeles Herald, 2 February 1905, page 6
The Rev. Dana Bartlett lectured before the members of the Wednesday Morning club at their meeting yesterday, and his earnest talk will in all probability lead to the club branching out into philanthropic work in addition to literature and music, with which the club' now abounds. In the course of his remarks Dr. Bartlett spoke on the Bethlehem men's hotel at 510 Vignes street, which at present consists of fifty-two well-furnished rooms. He stated, however, that there are several more to be furnished, which can be accomplished at an outlay of $25 a room.The matter was discussed by the club and it was decided to seriously consider, the donation of the required sum for furnishing a room. The matter, will come up before the next meeting.
Los Angeles Herald, 4 February 1905, page 6
Rev. Dana Bartlett of the Bethlehem Institute has planned to make a special effort among the men with whom he works during the three weeks which the evangelists will spend in this city.
Tonight there will be a free supper for all the men who go to the home and following this there will be a religious service.
Mr. Bartlett will give an address and a musical program, including selections by the Y.M.C.A. orchestra.
Los Angeles Herald, 12 February 1905, page 5
Enthusiastic Service At Bethlehem Church
Dr. J. Wilbur Chapman Preaches a Strong Sermon—Many Are Influenced to Lead Better Lives
In spite of the fact that yesterday was declared the day of rest for evangelists, one of the most enthusiastic meetings of the whole, campaign was held last night at the Bethlehem Institute church on Vignes street.
Rev. Dana Bartlett has planned to do all in his power to interest the people in the vicinity of his church during the time that the revival campaign is in progress and the meeting last night was a proof that his efforts have not been in vain.
Previous to the meeting in the church, there was a supper served at the home to men, and a large number partook of the hospitality of the institution.
The meeting was conducted by Dr. J. Wilbur Chapman, who preached a strong sermon on the "Prodigal Son."
Dr. Chapman prefaced his sermon by saying that at one time he had visited a prison in an eastern city and delivered an address to the prisoners. The warden stipulated that he should not preach on the subject of the "Prodigal Son," as twenty-four ministers who had been there had preached sermons on the same text.
Dr. Chapman said that up to that time he had never used that subject because he supposed it was well worn out, but that now he had found out that the old things are better than the new.
The sermon was filled with illustrations and illusions to home, and the words brought tears to the eyes of his hearers.
An echo of the midnight parade and meeting was heard when a man who asked that night that prayers might be offered for him arose and testified that he had found that for which he was seeking and that he had been saved from a drunkard's grave.
"I have accepted Christ as my Savior and I have been happy since," he said as he arose. "I was a drunkard and he made it possible for me to give up liquor and to withstand temptation."
When Dr. Chapman asked all those who wanted to express a desire to lead a Christian life to come to the front, a large number of men and women walked to the platform and knelt.
The singing was one of the most impressive parts of the service and the work of Mr. Butler has probably never before brought more happiness to his hearers than it did last night. The room was filled with men and women who see little of the bright side of life, and the beautiful tones of the basso voice carried a message to many a weary heart.
Los Angeles Herald, 12 February 1905, page 7
Senior Classes of Local Colleges to Study Conditions in Los Angeles
This week will be known as sociological week at Bethlehem Institutional church, corner Vignes and Ducommon streets. During this period members of the senior classes of Occidental, Pomona colleges and the University of Southern California will make a study of existing social and economic conditions in Los Angeles under the direction of Rev. Dana W. Bartlett, pastor of the church. The labratory studies, as they are designated by the Rev. Mr. Bartlett will commence Thursday morning, February 16, to continue daily from 8 a.m. to 10 p.m., until February 22. In this week of study the students will be brought face to face with the existing conditions. A similar study was held last year, which proved very successful. The students who reside out of town will be the guests of Rev. and Mrs. Bartlett at the Bethlehem Institute hotel.
On Thursday evening a reception to the settlement workers now residents of Los Angeles will be given at the Brownson House (Catholic) Settlement association, 711 Jackson street. At this reception Bishop Conaty will be present and make an address, as will also Judge Wilbur. Following the reception the students will visit the different newspaper offices, commencing at 12 p.m., to study the metropolitan newspaper: Following is the program for the week. The students will visit the different Institutions in a body:
Thursday, February 16— Organized Charity and Philanthropy, Associated Charities, County Hospital, Poor Farm, Hollenbeck Home, etc.
Settlement night— A reception to the students by all settlement workers at the Brownson House Settlement association, Jackson and Vignes streets. Midnight study of the metropolitan newspaper.
Friday, February 17 — Juvenile day, treatment of juvenile delinquents and unfortunates, study of the juvenile court, Detention home. Orphans' asylums and Homes nurseries and the public school as a sociological factor. Evening — The regeneration of the individual a social factor; a study of the revival.
Saturday, February 18— Organized trade and manufacture, a study of factory and commercial life. Evening — 5 to 6 o'clock, psychology, its relation to sociology, address by Dr. Tyndall, social recovery, practical demonstrations.
Sunday, February 19 — Organized religion, study of the religious life of Los Angeles.
Monday, February 20 — Organized civic life, study of the courts, jails, city hall, departments and conference with leaders in civil betterment. Evening — Banquet given in honor of the students by the New Century club.
Thursday, February 21— Organized labor. Evening— Organized temperance work, its relations to social recovery, and an address by Dr. Chapman of the Anti-Saloon league.
Los Angeles Herald, 19 February 1905, page 8
Strong Testimony Given by Convert of Revival Meeting
"In Seattle, I was a gambler and a drunkard. I had squandered $68,009. Five years ago, at a meeting similar to this tonight, I was converted. Since that time I have tried to live an upright, Godly life."
These were the manly assertions of a man in a large congregation at the evangelistic meeting last evening at Bethlehem Institutional church.
The Rev. Dana Bartlett had charge of the meeting. Mr. Jeffrey directed the chorus. The chorus and orchestra of the church rendered good music, accompanied by congregational singing. ...
Los Angeles Herald, 22 March 1905, page 7
In Masonic hall this evening Rev. Benjamin Fay Mills will give the last of his lectures on "The Beatitudes." This series has been exceptionally interesting, marked by the increased number present from week to week. One week from tonight Rev. Dana Bartlett of the Bethel institute is to give a stereopticon lecture on "How the Other Half Lives in Los Angeles," as one of the features in the midweek meetings of the Los Angeles Fellowship.
Los Angeles Herald, 15 April 1905, page 4
Funeral Services Will Be Held This Afternoon, President Gates Officiating
The funeral of Mrs. Mary J. Bartlett, mother of Rev. Dana W. Bartlett, will be held this afternoon at 3 o'clock from the Bethlehem Institutional church, corner Vignes and Ducommun streets, of which the Rev. Mr. Bartlett is the pastor.
Mrs. Bartlett, who was 86 years of age, was a native of Maine, and later resided in Grlnnell, lowa. She came to reside with the Rev. Mr. Bartlett at the death of her husband, about fifteen years ago. Some five months ago she met with a severe accident, which resulted in her death Thursday evening. While unable to take an active part in the work, she was always deeply interested in the welfare of the church.
President Gates of Pomona college will officiate at the funeral. The interment will be at Evergreen cemetery. The pall-bearers will be old friends from Grinnell and Los Angeles, as follows: C. E. Walker, Fred Burlew, Edward Potter, John Rouse, Ernest Phillips, J. S. Chase, William Curtis, H. H. Howe, A. Podd and L. V. Beeson.
Los Angeles Herald, 21 April 1905, page 7
At Blanchard hall Sunday afternoon, Dr. Alexander J. Mclvor-Tyndall will lecture on the practical application to modern life of Jesus' words "I Am the Resurrection and the Life." A special musical program will be rendered with Mrs. D. H. Budlong, the contralto, as soloist. Reserved seats may be secured in advance at Bartlett's music store.
Edna Poole, the pretty young daughter of Mrs. Viola Poole and ward of Attorney Russ Avery, became the bride of Scott J. Campbell Tuesday evening. The ceremony took place in the parlors of the Hotel Wheeler with Rev. Dana Bartlett officiating.
Los Angeles Herald, 13 May 1905, page 7
Nathan Newby made an address at the Epworth M. B. church, on Bellevue avenue, last evening. The White City Male quartet furnished music.
The no-saloon forces will rest this evening. The Dobbins trio will give a "Saloons Must Go" entertainment at Coffee club No. 1, on Second street.
For over two weeks a stereopticon has been working at the corner of Spring and First streets exhibiting moving pictures, Ram's Horn cartoons and other scenes depleting evils of the liquor traffic. The third change of pictures is promised for tonight.
At 3 o'clock Sunday afternoon two mass meetings will be held. One will be in the First M. E. church, Sixth and Hill streets. This meeting will be principally for women. Mrs. Eliza Tupper Wllkes has agreed to take charge of the women's "Saloons Must Go" campaign. Dr. Chapman will be present at this meeting. The U.S.C. Male quartet will furnish the music.
The mass meeting for men will be held in Temple auditorium. Leonard Merrill will preside and the program is as follows: Song, by the audience; prayer by Dr. P.H. Bresee; addresses by Dana Bartlett, Col. J.M.C. Marble and Judge J.D. Works. The Meneley quartet will render a number of pieces.
Los Angeles Herald, 18 May 1905, page 3
Scores of no-saloon meetings were held last evening in various parts of the city. The work of securing signatures to the block cards was pushed at many of these meetings.
Among the "Saloons Must Go" meetings arranged for this evening the following are noted:
In Dalton hall, Washington street and Central avenue, Z.C. Angevine will speak and the Dobbins trio will give an illustrated lecture with stereopticon views and songs.
In the Congregational church, corner of Railroad and Main streets, Rev. Dana Bartlett will deliver a lecture illustrated with the stereopticon.
In Park Congregational church Nathan Newby will speak and the Meneloy quartet will sing.
In the M.E. mission, Brooklyn Heights, Rev. L.D. Barr will be the speaker.
Judge Lusk will speak at a "no-saloon" meeting to be held in the Congregational church, Brooklyn Heights.
Many precinct committee meetings are being held each evening.
Los Angeles Herald, 19 May 1905, page 6
Among the "Saloons Must Go" meetings held last evening were:
In Dalton hall, Washington and Central, an address was delivered by Z.C. Angevine. An illustrated lecture was given.
In Park Congregational church the Meneley quartet sang temperance songs to a large audience. The principal address was given by Nathan Newby.
In the Congregational church, corner of Railroad and Main streets, Rev. Dana Bartlett of Bethlehem lnslttute, delivered a lecture illustrated with the stereopticon.
In the M.E. mission, Brooklyn Heights, Rev. L.D. Barr delivered an address.
In the Brooklyn Heights Congregational church, Judge Lusk in a conclusive manner tore to pieces the arguments offered by the opponents of the "no-saloon" ordinance.
In the San Fernando mission O.D. Conrey gave an earnest address, illustrated with stereopticon slides.
Besides a number of precinct meeting's, some of the dates for tonight are as follows:
O. D. Conrey, stereopticon, at Avila Presbyterian mission.
C. W. Harris and the Meneley quartet of Chicago in Central hall, Adams and Central.
Mattison B. Jones and the Meneley. quartet at Vernon M.E. church.
Bascon A. Stephens and the Dobbins trio,, with stereopticon, at the West End Congregational church.
A meeting will be held at the Nazarene mission in the Second ward.
Los Angeles Herald, 28 May 1905, page 6
Man Says They Are Needed if Saloons Continue
LOS ANGELES, May 26, 1905.—(Editor Herald): I was amused, on reading in The Herald that "Rev. Dana Bartlett would open coffee clubs all over town, if the anti-saloon element carried the ensuing election."
Why "If the antis carry the election?" If coffee clubs ought to be established all over town "if the antis carry the election," why are they not already opened and give the men (whom it is desirous of keeping out of temptation) a place to rest and sit down? These men need coffee clubs now and have needed them for years, but they are only going to get them it appears "if the antis carry the election." That fact ought to be enough for any thinking person to see the shallowness and sham of the whole light against the saloons. VERITAS.
Los Angeles Herald, 2 July 1905, page 7
[22 of 26 listed]
Bethlehem Institutional — Rev. Dana Bartlett, pastor. Morning. "The Training of One of the Apostles." Evening, children's day exercises.
Los Angeles Herald, 14 August 1905, page 12
Prof. Graham Taylor Says Each Needs The Other
Settlement Worker Speaks
Cross in the Life is the Hard One to Bear— Honesty in Business is Needed
Prof. Graham Taylor, founder and long in charge of the Chicago Commons, one of the pioneer social settlements of the country, one of the best know settlement workers In the United States, made a stirring address yesterday afternoon at Bethlehem Institutional church on "Religion and Democracy." The fatherhood of God and the brotherhood . of man were the inner themes throughout the address. Prof. Taylor brought the settlement work in all its grandeur of purpose and sacrifices before the large assemblage in the church parlors.
Yesterday morning Prof. Taylor spoke at the First Congregational church on "The Social Incarnation," and last evening at the First Methodist church oh "The Problem of Power." This morning at 10 o'clock he will address the Congregational ministers at the First Congregational church on "Movements Affecting Religious Conditions in Great Cities." This evening he will address the Socialists on "Self Consciousness and Social Consciousness." Tomorrow afternoon he will speak at the Venice assembly and in the evening will be tendered a reception at the First Congregational church by the College settlement, Brownson House (Catholic), and Bethlehem Settlement associations. The young women workers, of the Brownson House association attended the service yesterday afternoon in a body. The address there was the most characteristic of the several talks made by Mr. Taylor. In part he said:
Religion and Democracy
"Religion has to have democracy in order to succeed and democracy has to have religion in order to succeed. Why is it the bad men win out at politics? They are not in it for their health, they stay at it every day in the year. The reformers are at it about two weeks before election and they don't think of politics between elections. You have to stay in the game all the time. I don't believe our country will ever be saved unless a great many men put religion into their business.
"It is easy to put a cross on the church steeple or wear it on the watch chain or necklace, but to wear it in the life costs. To sing 'Throw Out the Life Line' is all right, but it is a different thing to hold it when it is slimy and knee deep in the mud. It is not only for Dana Bartlett and his family to do this work, but we should all stand back of him and help our brother men."
"Sometimes we think religion is something apart from life and the common people's life. Man is a religious animal and he will have some kind of religion. Religion is something we quarrel over, but I don't think we would so much if we understood each other.
"In the Mohammedam religion it is the one man to the one God — none of any one's else business. In Jesus Christ's teaching religion did not mean only the one man to the one God, but to every man. 'Thou Shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart' and 'Thou shalt love thy neighbor,' are Christ's ideas of the relationships of man. Christ said: 'You, cannot love God, more than you love your fellowmen.'
"I think the church needs to be more of a fraternity. I want to join a brotherhood that is inclusive and not to keep folks out. That is the great idea, the fatherhood of God, brotherhood of man and the Freemasonry of the race. A convict once said he would rather belong to an ex-convicts' church than an ex-converts' church. If the golden rule went into effect tonight in Chicago it wouldn't be the same place tomorrow.
Where Do You Draw a Line?
"You don't treat your mother on a business basis. Then, where In heaven's name are you to draw the line? Most people leave religion out of business and we find great corporations guilty of breaking the most sacred trusts. One of the greatest barriers of religion today Is that it is not allowed to get into the economic field.
"There was St. Francis, God bless him! He wanted to be a little brother of the poor. He struck a note of reality in religion that brought the fold back to Christ. This Pacific coast is lined with names of saints who did it to the least of these.'
"Until we get rid of the idea that politics is a spoil to be divided, our neighborhoods are at our mercy. People are being born under adverse conditions that foredoom and foredamn them faster than they can be reborn. The good men entering politics in our ward in Chicago has been a good thing. They are afraid to put up bad men. If religion is good in the political field, so it in business. In the long run. It doesn't pay to steal. It hurts business all around. The Equitable has nearly paralyzed all insurance business.
"The rule of the people will not succeed unless democracy itself becomes a religion. Christianity is democratic. Jesus Christ will level us all up and down. It Is an aristocracy, every man is on the same basis before the Maker of all Christian democracy is here at Bethlehem church lived out and loved in."
Los Angeles Herald, 14 August 1905, page 12
Rev. Dana Bartlett Founds Bethlehem Work No. 2
Rev. Dana Bartlett, pastor, of Bethlehem Institutional church, corner Vignes and Ducommun streets, yesterday announced the founding of Bethlehem work No. 2. at Railroad and Main streets, in connection with the Third Congregational church. The new institution will start very shortly and will contain, bath rooms, reading rooms, coffee club and men's hotel. The institutional features wilt be in charge of Mr. Bartlett, while Rev. F.A. Field will continue as pastor pf the church.
For this purpose a loan of $14,000 has been secured at a small interest. The work is expected to be self-supporting and in time to pay for its establishment. It is the plan of Mr. Bartlett to establish these institutions in several parts of the city.
Los Angeles Herald, 21 August 1905, page 6
Rev. John B. Holley of Third Congregatlonal Church Corrects Error
Editor Herald: I noticed in your, last Monday's issue a statement to the effect that Rev. Dana Bartlett of the Bethlehem church had founded Bethlehem work number two at Railroad and Main streets in connection with the Third Congregational church, that Rev. F.A. Field was to continue as pastor of said church, while Rev. Bartlett was to look after the institutional features. The writer of this article has been the pastor of the Third Congregational church for more than five months, the Rev. F.A. Field having gone to serve the Congregational church at Eagle Rock. While myself and church are in perfect sympathy with the institutional work of Rev. D. Bartlett, we have no knowledge of him instituting a second work in connection with our church. As a church we are in a very prosperous condition and are not as per your article hoping in time to become self-supporting, but are now fully self-supporting. Very respectfully yours,
JOHN B. HOLLEY,
Pastor Third Congregational Church.
Los Angeles Herald, 17 September 1905, page 10
[19 of 22 listed]
Bethlehem Institutional — Rev. Dana Bartlett, pastor. Morning. "Troubles Cannot Separate."
Los Angeles Herald, 17 September 1905, page 4
Coffee house For Men A Feature
Boys Have A Swimming Tank
Leader of Bethlehem Church Tells of His Work Among the Foreign Element and Needy People of Los Angeles
A little group of Russians were walking along dusty Vignes street one hot afternoon last week, the men much bewhiskered, clad in heavy overcoats, and the one woman, her head wrapped in a shawl, carrying a baby. They looked miserable, forlorn and out of place, even in that cosmopolitan region— strangely so.
"Why are we here?"
The Rev. Dr. Dana W. Bartlett, sitting in the Coffee club rooms of Bethlehem Institutional church, across the way, at the corner of Ducommun street, answering by repetition a question just put to him, gazed at the forlorn, foreign group and found his reply.
"That is the answer— that is one reason," said he. "To help those people. About 100 families of them are in Los Angeles now and we are aiding them. In us they have found friends. More are coming.
"They are not the only ones we are helping; not by any means. But the fact that we can aid them when they are in an alien land is sufficient reason for us, if we had no ether.
"What are we doing for them? Teaching them to be citizens of America — good citizens. We are teaching them to understand our liberty-founded institutions, to care for themselves in our ways, in this, to them, strange land. We are helping them to bring more of their countrymen over here. They come from Tiflis and other regions, where Mussulmen and Armenians are slaying one another and the Cossacks are killing both.
They are somewhat similar to the Doukhobers [Doukhobors] up north. One of the latter, tired of that rigorous climate, drifted in here, liked it, and told the rest. So they are here.
"Some of them will go to Mexico and become citizens there; the most will stay here. Those who can get jobs in town will secure them; the others will take to farming. They will stay; they will never go back. If not cared for they might be a bad element in Los Angeles' population; we expect to make them useful citizens. I spoke to a room full of them the other night through an interpreter and explained to them how to take out their naturalization papers. They are learning fast."
Doing Great Good
Dana W. Bartlett and his Bethlehem church constitute an unique institution —and he is as much of an institution as is the church with its corelated organizations. Short, of mild appearance, with wide blue eyes and iron gray hair, almost gone on top of his head and thinning on the sides, he seems at first glance to be a business man, perhaps of small caliber. He bears none of the earmarks of the preacher; he lacks I especially the cant of those accustomed always to dealing with the "submerged." There is nothing about him denoting the missionary, and he rather prides himself of the fact. He does not claim to be a missionary; rather, he resents it; and he declares that his institution is not a mission.
"Not that missions are not all right in their way," says he, "but you cannot do the work that we have been doing in that way. A mission conveys the idea of someone sent down — down, I say — to people. In a patronizing fashion, a sort of pitying strain. It may be all right for big rich churches that can do nothing else to send missionaries to the poor, just as they do for the heathen, but we are not of that sort. We are of these people, not sent 'down' to them at all."
Only Church in District
This is literally true. For ten years Dana Bartlett has been one of tho eighth warders. Down in that little stretch of the city between the gas works with its ugly red tanks and its poison-belching chimney on one side and the Alameda street railroad tracks on the other, are 7000 souls, and his is the only church there. For about fifteen years it has been proving to these people that there is a God, and that some people are trying to walk the way he traced when on earth. For two-thirds of that time Dr. Bartlett has been the active head of the work.
He and his family of five girls and his good wife live and move and have their being right there in the Bethlehem settlement, and are part of its family life. Even as he talked the music of a piano sounded from the rooms above, and a later inspection showed that one of his daughters was at her music lesson there. This is their home; its atmosphere is shed over the whole place; there is a decided absence of the air of enforced religiosity which those to whom the average mission supposedly appeals resent so bitterly.
"We have an atmosphere all of our own," said he, when asked about it. "We try not to make religion the only thing; we never thrust religion at these people; we don't want to make them good, that way. We have come here to live, to try to show them how to live Christian lives; we want to convey to them that spirit of Christ by example; to prove to them that people do live that sort of life, as nearly as they can, and that it is a bright, happy, and wholesome way to live.
"We want to carry that atmosphere into their own homes, by example again, and to afford a center for its radiance. Hence, we have not come 'down' to them; we are not like the ordinary social settlement, nor are we a typical mission. We differ probably from every other affair of this sort on earth.
Praise From Nelson
"When N. O. Nelson, the famous St. Louis philanthropist, was out here recently he inspected our work thoroughly , and he told me that It was apart from anything of the like that he had seen. 'I think,' said he, 'that you have found the way. 1 That is what we have aimed to do.
"You must reach the soul through the body. The man that is cold and hungry and weary doesn't want to be crammed with religion; he wants something to eat and a place to sleep. Then, perhaps, when he has these he will listen. We give these to him. He can have the religious influences if he wants them; he doesn't have to take them; it is optional. I have had men, who conduct a certain mission here — (Dr. Bartlett named it)— tell me that men have come to their services, professed conversion and then declared that they hadn't a bite to eat nor a place to stay. These good men have gone into their pockets and given such strangers a quarter, perhaps— and have never seen either again. That is perfectly natural; the men probably spent it in a saloon.
Help for Needy
"When a man comes to us we have the means to help him in his material needs. If he has no money, and yet has the needs, we fix him up. We take him to our clothing stock, and let him have what he requires. Then he can get a meal and a bed. These are all charged to him, and the next day we get him a job, and he pays for them."
"Yes; If we can't get him a job that day, there is always something for him to do around here, and the account is soon square. The word has passed all up and down the line, to the camps and the hangouts, that this is a first-class place for the man in need or broke— if he will work. 'Don't go near Bartlett unless you are willing to work' is the word, and the other sort of men pass us by.
"We aim to meet every normal need of an active man. We have 70 rooms in our men's hotel, that we rent from $1 to $1.25 a week. We have no transients; all permanent boarders. We have a coffee club where a man can get good, substantial food at any hour from 6 a.m. till midnight, cheaper than he can get the same food of like quality anywhere in the city. We have games and a library, to amuse the men, a literary lyceum, musicales, and such features. Then we have a swimming pool.
"The city ought to have a public bath, but it hasn't. So we built one. It costs a man 5 cents for a bath, including soap and towels, in either the pool or the tubs. Women are likewise provided for there, and no one need go dirty.
Coffee house and plunge of the Bethlehem Institutional Church.
"We have a clothing establishment, where we sell good clothes for little money. We have classes for Chinese and for Mexicans. Then there is a sewing school, a young men's club, a young women's club, a social parlor, a free employment bureau, physical culture, a dispensary, the deaconess work, caring for the sick— all these forms of activity centering here. They are all open to anyone who may come; there is no restriction. We have no rules of any sort; everyone is presumed to be a gentleman when he comes, and all that is asked of him is that he remain so.
"It is the same with our hotel. When the men come I simply say to them: 'Now, I presume that you have some reason for coming here that you do not care to tell; no one is asked that. You, perhaps, have something in your past life that brought you to this point; many of my friends have; no one need tell me anything of that; I would rather not know about it, though you may tell me if you think you wish to or if it will do you any good. There is just one thing I must ask of you while here— be a gentleman. My wife and five girls live here with me and all we ask is that nothing be done to cause offense.' "
"And has It worked? Can you trust such a lot?"
Dr. Bartlett smiled and his blue eyes kindled in a kindly fashion.
"I do not believe that I have had a policeman in here more than two or three times since we have had the hotel," he declared. "Men will respect their honor as a general thing."
"But how do they take the religious side of it?"
Religion Forced Upon None
"They never need notice it unless they wish," said he. "No one has any religion forced upon him. We have our regular church services and they are all free to come if they will; they are invited. But no one is compelled to go; no one is looked down upon if he doesn't go. The services are there for those who wish them. Many come; some do not. We are with the services like we are with the rest— we offer it freely to all comers, but we do not drag any one in. That isn't the way to better conditions. |
''That is why we strive so hard to maintain the home atmosphere; that is the one great thing we aim for. We want this to be a Christian home not only for ourselves and for those who are living: with us, but for all whom we can reach outside. The neighborhood feels the same way."
"What Is your neighborhood? What do you include In that?"
Then Dr. Bartlett outlined the vast region between the gas works and Alameda street and told of its 7000 churchless souls— churchless. that is, save for this unique institution. Think of that "parish," as he calls it, with only that one small church and its cosmopolitan population, its need of spiritual uplift and aid, and grasp the significance of the work that this one family has cut out for it every day! And remember that this work is practically self-sustaining; the coffee club is liberally patronized and it and the baths pay for the rest.
"They haven't always been good to the Eighth ward," said he. "Look at that gas works there, with its chimney sending forth poison; we had a hard fight there, but we have gained some; we have made them put up a tall chimney and now most of the poison floats off into Eastlake park and up towards Boyle Heights. Then there is a brewery over on Aliso street; that hasn't helped us any. But our coffee club is one stop above the saloon— yes, a good many steps above. We have encouraged the neighborhood to look up; we have improved it in many ways. We have helped it to keep clean; everything about our place is scrupulously clean—" which was gospel truth, the Jap boy scrubbing the floors gave evidence of that— "and we have urged the starting of gardens in the little yards. The Outdoor Art association awards its prizes in our assembly room this week, and we will get about $40 down this way in prizes; that goes to our people. That helps.
Plant for Future
"And we have some plans, far ahead, too. We have made a start at Dolgevllle, which will one day be a manufacturing center of great importance. I speak over there every Sunday night. We want to build a center there like this, and have an open air gymnasium and some other features. We want to get a playground here. The city ought to have one, but the city is slow and we cannot always wait for the city, so we do these things ourselves. It was that way with the baths. We must get a lot for that playground.
"And later we want to have another such settlement as this in the other end of the ward at Railroad and Main streets. It is greatly needed there.
"We want to put these on the 4 per cent basis, that is, we want some business man to put up the buildings for us and let us rent them from him for 4 per cent of the value. We own our plant here, but the other way is a better one. But these things are in the future. Now we are going ahead as best we can, with the material at our command, trying to uplift those around us. That is our life and our aim."
The doctor walked over the premises and showed them with considerable pride. The bath was full of almost naked boys who were having fun such as their richer brothers in other parts of town can find only at the seashore, and it only cost them five cents apiece. The rooms in the hotel were as clean as wax, and a man could be very comfortable in them.
The lunch counter, to which many of the factory and brewery workers come for luncheon every day, was shining, and the food looked appetizing and tempting. There was a smattering of men in the club, playing checkers or reading. The clothing room was deserted; everyone seemed to be clad, for the day at least. The Bethlehem folk handle all the clothing for the Associated Charities, by the way, and do it to the satisfaction of all concerned. The dispensary, served by volunteer physicians, was empty, too; there are few sick in Los Angeles, even among the poor.
Outside the church tall palms waved, adding a touch of green, and many of the cottages up and down both streets were temptingly environed by greenery and flowers. The children thereabouts seemed as happy as could be, and the usually depressive air about a mission or settlement was lacking entirely. The business-like man whose hand is on the helm of it all seems to be a sort of natural center about which the region revolves, and his quiet, calm influence wielded in such a way that few realize its power, evidently makes largely for the good of all concerned. Truly, Bethlehem is an institution unlike any other, and it is filling its place.
"But whatever you do," said Dr. Bartlett, as he turned away to settle up with a cholo who had found a job in San Pedro and wanted to pay his bill, "don't call us 'slums.' Los Angeles has no slums. It never will, with its splendid system of car lines, making the country so near.' And least of all would you call this a slum; why, people in a slum live in cramped buildings, many in a room, but here we have our cottages and even our yards. You can't call this a slum, when you see those yards, and greenery.
"We have kept this region from becoming a slum. We are doing all we can to keep it a little above the normal level. We are giving these people an uplift by living our lives with them and helping them. That is the secret of Bethlehem institution, and why it is a success."
Los Angeles Herald, 17 October 1905, page 1
Southern Pacific Wins On Jackson Street
M.T. Collins Practically Admits Defeat and Declares He Is Willing to Accept Outcome — Healy Recall Meeting
The last chapter in the Jackson street franchise that has stirred up the residents and property owners of the eighth ward to fever pitch during the last week, was written in the mayor's office yesterday morning when M.T. Collins, admitted defeat and declared he was willing to accept the Southern Pacific if that road would fulfill its promises of improving the street. The mayor took the case under advisement for five days but it is almost certain that he will sign the ordinance granting the franchise.
A week ago the lobby of the council chamber was filled with property owners anxious that the Santa Fe be granted the franchise by the council, yesterday Mr. Collins made his fight practically single handed and even he was not overzealous.
Two petitions were presented by the Southern Pacific and they represented nearly 1500 feet of frontage. A week ago their petition had but 250 feet frontage. A large number of those who had signed the Santa Fe petition had withdrawn and affixed their signatures to that of the Southern Pacific, admitting that one road was as good as the other in benefiting property.
J.P. Goytino who is one of the leaders in the movement to recall Councilman Healy of the eighth ward for voting to give the franchise to the Southern Pacific, said last night many persons had signed the recall petition. He said Rev. Dana Bartlett or Walter Horgan will be the candidate for Healy's place. A meeting of Healy's opponents will be held tonight at the Bethlehem Institutional church.
Los Angeles Herald, 18 October 1905, page 2
New Features Are Prepared for Winter's Work at Bethlehem Institute
Rev. Dana Bartlett has prepared two new features for the winter season of the Bethlehem Institute on North Vignes street, and if they produce expected results they will be made a part of the regular work of this institution. These are an industrial department and a boys' club.
The water has been drained out of the plunge for the winter and the industrial department will be operated there. Here kindling wood will be made, old furniture will be repaired, old shoes cobbled and other easy work done. The product will be sold and the proceeds applied to the work of the institute.
Judge Wilbur has given Rev. Mr. Bartlett $150 to fit up the boys' club. The basement will be arranged for this purpose and classes and games conducted there.
Must Change Criminal Jurisprudence, Says Judge
Habitual Offenders Should not Be Released
In an Address on the Juvenile Court Before an Improvement Society, Curtis D. Wilbur Explains Errors of the Present System
"The superintendent of one of our state asylums told me that 75 per cent of the incurably insane in his institution had as the cause of their insanity inebriety of their own or of their ancestors. We must take account of this fact in dealing with criminals and with the saloon question so intimately related to it."
Ninth Street Society Active
Improvement Association Begins the Season's Work
"The City of the Future." ... Play grounds for children, more paving of streets, better care for transportation ...
Los Angeles Herald, 20 January 1906, page II-6
Delegation of Claremont Students Coming to Los Angeles for the Prupose
The senior class in sociology has made arrangements with Rev. Dana Bartlett of the Bethlehem Institutional church, Los Angeles, for the unnual sociological trip of a week's duration to study actual conditions in Los Angeles. About twenty-five young men and women with Mr. White, the instructor, will make the trip, lasting from February 6 to 12 inclusive. Students from Occidental and University of Southern California are invited to join the Pomona delegation. The program allots a day each to actual firsthand study of the following topics: Charities, labor, philanthropy, children of the poor, religious conditions, civic conditions. Visits will be made to the county poor farm, the McKinley home and the Soldiers' home.
Los Angeles Herald, 9 February 1906, page II-5
Socialogist Class Visit the County Hospital
One Fair Lass Grows Sick With Awful Burden of Woe and Has Good Unscientific Cry
By Ethel Dolson
If you have troubles to forget go over to the county hospital; if the day looks dark and you have that "What's the use?" feeling go over to the county hospital. If you have any aches or pains, mental, moral or physical—go over to the county hospital — and you will forget them, if you have a heart that can be moved by the sight of human suffering.
The institution was visited yesterday by Rev. Dana Bartlett's class in sociology. It was fresh-faced, bright-eyed youth and health come to sit at the feet of pain and learn. They tip-toed through aisles of sufferers, helpless in the grip of disease, as if ashamed of their own strong young bodies. And they learned at every step a fresh lesson in patience and fortitude.
Los Angeles Herald, 10 February 1906, page II-6
Class Visits Headquarters of Unions
Earnest Students of Sociology Read Boycott Signs and Are Mystified. Leader Explains Inner Workings
By Ethel Dolson
The novelty of having a class with which they have little in common come to them for information was experienced by the labor unions yesterday when the sociological students were borne right to the stronghold of organized labor by Dana Bartlett.
In the Labor temple on Maple avenue they absorbed the teachings of unionism, expounded by Francis Drake and J.L. Atwood. For two hours labor's cause was given a hearing, and if attention of the listners wandered occasionally, it was only to pursue such legends on the wall in poster type as:
A call on the Citizens' alliance was to have been tho next step in pursuit of sociological knowledge, but Secretary Zeehandelaar was out of town, so that side of the question of capital and labor did not get a hearing. A banquet at Bethlehem institute, followed by addresses by Job Harriman, Mr. Wheat nnd other Socialists, occupied the evening. Today will be given to studying the institutions for children and Sunday Mr. Bartlett will speak in the Institute church at 11 a.m. on "The Common People."
Los Angeles Herald, 13 February 1906, page II-8
Dr. Bartlett's Class Winds Up Itinerary
One Speaker Advocates Free Car "Fares" — Owens River Will Eventually Make a World's Beauty Spot Here
Rev. Dana Bartlett's class in sociology has disbanded and gone home.
Yesterday was the last day and the best day of all. It began with hearing Charles D. Willard lecture in the rooms of the Municipal league and ended with a memorable banquet at the Y.WC. A., enlivened with addresses by leaders in different branches of municipal work. In between there was a visit to The Herald office and another to the chamber of commerce, where Secretary Gurley and Dr. Lamb talked to the students on subjects in which they are specialists. Mr. Gurley told of the work of the chamber in disseminating information throughout the country about the resources and beauties of Southern California.
Dr. Lamb dilated on his favorite subject—parks. He predicted that when the Owens river is brought here and we can have water at a low rate Los Angeles will be made the beauty spot of the world. Public playgrounds, the grouping of marble buildings and a metropolitan system of parks— subjects for which the doctor's name is almost synonymous— he fully discussed..
Ends With Feast
The banquet that ended the week's sightseeing of the sociological group was held in the gymnasium of the Y.W.C.A. A full program of speeches by experts on questions having to do with municipal matters was closely listened to. After the addresses Thomas Giffen of Pomona college surprised Mr. Bartlett by presenting him with a substantial testimonial of the regard of the students. A touch of college camaraderie was interjected by the singing of college songs, and at he last all joined hands and sang "Blest Be the Tie That Binds."
Hon. William J. Danford, president of the Municipal Ownership league, spoke of the purposes of the organization. In the course of his remarks he created some amusement and great interest by advancing the opinion that street railways ought to be as free to the people as elevator transportation. He said in part:
"The purpose of the Municipal Ownership league is to effect the municipal ownership of public utilities.
"The municipal ownership of public utilities is not in itself the real basis of municipal reform. While it would help to eliminate some obnoxious features of city government, it is but a mere expediency. If the municipalization of street railways takes place it will enable the people to travel farther; fares will be reduced, wages increased and hours shortened. But as fast as the cost of transportation decreases the ''land values will Increase and the difference will be pocketed by those who are so fortunate as to own the land.
"The solution, so far as it pertains to people, is that street railway transportation should be free as far as the term implies. No fare should be charged people to travel horizontally any more, than to ride perpendicularly. No one thinks of paying to ride in a public elevator. We know the cost of running that elevator is, paid by some one. It is supposed to be met by the business brought to those who rent offices. The post of street railway transportation could be met in the same way.
End of Graft
"There is something more important than these things. We all know that all the municipalities of the country have been troubled with boodle, latterly called graft. It is also known that wherever you will find an officer ready to take graft you will find there is always a giver, and the giver can usually be traced to the law office of some public service corporation.
"The only way to eliminate that source of corruption is to cut it out by the roots, and the only way to do that is by municipal ownership."
Russ Avery spoke on the purpose of the Civic league, of which he is an offlcer; Miss Tatham, secretary of the Y.W.C.A., told of the work of her organization, and Mr. Quinlan of the Y.M.C.A. did the same for his. William Meade spoke in defense of the Gothenburg system and Mrs. Wllloughby Rodman explained the work of the Outdoor Art league.
Los Angeles Herald, 15 February 1906, page 4
The Municipal league is certainly right in its contention against a slum district in Los Angeles, and its request that steps be taken to eradicate the semblance of one already started should be acted upon vigorously and at once. This city is no place for such congestion as exists and disgraces so many municipalities and it should not be allowed here.
That such a district exists in embryo is well known to those familiar with the underworld here. The Rev. Dana Bartlett, in an interview in The Herald last fall, sounded a warning along this line. His work in the poor regions showed him the signs and the influx of very cheap labor of a low class indicated to his practiced eye the formation of a settlement in every way undesirable! That his predictions were true the league's petition verifies.
True, the incipient slums here are nothing like the festering pools of viciousness and vice that contaminate eastern cities. We have none of the huge rookeries that there swarm with dirty, disgusting poverty and outlawry. Our slums consist largely of poor shacks, wornout touts and miserable hovels. They are crowded into a small area and are vastly overpopulated, but the very nature of things prevents the exclusion of the glorious sunlight, here so abundant, and the rich ozone, nature's own disinfectant. As a result, there has been as yet no outbreak of disease to alarm, and the villainy which prospers only in the dark is not implanted in them. The saving grace of the best climate on earth prevents the worst evils that the usual slum breed.
But in these safeguards also lies a great danger. It is so easy to live in Los Angeles; the weather is so balmy, and neither heat nor cold interferes, that one does not require either the shelter or the protection required in more rigorous region. Hence, with a couple of old packing cases and a few odd bits of canvas or burlap, the slum dweller may easily and cheaply build all the home he requires for his animal needs. And while this in itself makes the rookeries impossible— because unprofitable—at the same time it gives us a great collection of hideous hovels, unsanitary, disease-breeding and nasty, besides dangerous from fire and pestilence.
These must be eliminated for the good of the city and their denizens must be scattered. In the pure air of Los Angeles there is neither room nor reason for such plague spots. The league is doing a good— and its legitimate—work in seeking to eradicate them, and it will perform a public service if it will confine its activities to such work as this and not mix in polltics, to the detriment of its higher usefulness.
Los Angeles Herald, 8 April 1906, page II-3
[7 of 24 listed]
Bethlehem Institutional — Rev. Dana Bartlett, pastor. Morning. "A Larger Liberty."
18 April 1906
San Francisco Earthquake
Los Angeles Herald, 23 April 1906, page 3
Mrs. Gorge Rise reported to the committee that women in the different wards had banded themselves together for relief work.
They have the following chairmen: .... Eighth, Mrs. Dana Bartlett, 610 Vignes street; ....
Los Angeles Herald, 13 June 1906, page 7
Will Teach Women Practice Work
Mrs. A. I. Bradley to Take Charge of Teaching Social Service and Applied Christianity— Will Accept Twenty-five Students.
Rev. Dana Bartlett of the Bethlehem Institute is planning to establish a new department in the institute. Under, the direction of the deaconess, Mrs. A.I. Bradley, a summer school for women who want to learn of the practical side of work in the institutions of the city a summer school of social service and applied Christianity will be established.
Three days each week will be spent in visiting and studying the various institutions of the city with special reference to the care of delinquents, defectives and dependents. The Sundays will be devoted to the study of church and mission work and two days and two evenings each week will be spent in class and lecture room work. Child life, civic betterment, the making of good Americans, social settlements, movements toward Christian unity and studies in spiritual life will be the subjects discussed at these times and the men and women who will lecture include Rev. William Horace Day, Rev. F.X. McCabe, Rev. John Maile, Rev. James Campbell, Dr. Mary J. Green, C.C. Desmond, Sister Josephine, Miss Mary E. Cunningham and Rev. E.P. Ryland.
Two evenings each week will be spent in teaching in some of the night schools, either Japanese, Chinese, Russian or Mexican.
Only twenty-five students can be taken care of and it is the purpose of Mrs. Bradley to have them spend practically all their time in the work. For five weeks the girls will live at the institute and study everything from the view point of the laborer.
Los Angeles Herald, 22 February 1908, page 5
Louis Smolden, A Russian employed by the Cudahy Packing company as meat cutter, was treated at the receiving hospital yesterday for a tow-inch gash in his right hand. Smolden was in the act of cutting meat when the knife slipped and cut him.
Many Men Find Positions and Great Amount of Work, Requiring Many Men, Will Soon Be Started
As a result of the thorough canvassing of the country, Rev. Dana Bartlett of the Bethlehem institutions said last night his impression was the tide had turned in the labor situation and that things are slowly going back to their normal conditions.
A number of jobs requiring many men are soon to be opened, principally among the beet sugar factories, where many hundreds of men will soon be employed. The Los Angeles-Pacific, in starting work on its roads, has materially helped the situation, and there are several street jobs to be started in the near future. A number of small houses are soon to be built, many people taking advantage of the low rates.
Rev. Mr. Bartnett said last night he expected that within the next three or four weeks all common laborers would be at work, but that it would be many months before the men could work back into their trades.
Almost all the unmarried Mexicans have been put to work, and the free feeding has been stopped. There are still a large number of families which are being cared for by Rev. Mr. Bartlett and his workers. To these families the times are looking as hard as ever, and the number is increasing. Many are getting to the point where they can no longer pay their rent and where they have sold many pieces of household furniture to help things along before asking for charity.
Rev. Mr. Bartlett still asks the public to do everything possible to alleviate the condition of these people.
Los Angeles Herald, 8 November 1908, page 8
More Than The Material Should Be Sought
He Who Tolls During Best Years of Existence and Loses His Soul Profits Nothing, Declares Rev. Bartlett
At the Bethlehem Institutional church yesterday Rev. Dana Bartlett preached on the topic "Life Is more than food and clothing."
His text was from the sixth chapter of Matthew: "Therefore I say unto you, take no thought for your life, what ye shall eat or what ye shall drink; nor yet for your body, what ye shall put on. Is not the life more than meat and the body than raiment? ... Seek ye first the kingdom of God and his righteousness, and all these things shall be added unto you."
Mr. Bartlett showed the richest life is that of the soul. That earthly possessions could not supply the happiness to be gained through living a wellrounded, spiritual life. He asked, "What does it profit a man if he gain the whole world if he lose his soul? That might be rendered: 'What does it profit a man if he gain the world if he loses his life—if he loses his identity?" The man who tolls through best years of life to amass a fortune loses his identity when he lacks the power of appreciating the higher things of the soul.
"Why be anxious; why worry about food and clothing? The worry of getting material necessities bears heavily upon many in city life. Thousands have no time for thought of the spiritual. Two millions of our boys and girls toil in our factories; five millions of our women work, many of them in occupations injurious to health and dangerous to life. Multitudes are so bowed down by toil at last they become like Markham's hoe-man, lower than the animals that gambol in the fields. The worry and anxiety about where the next meal is coming from is always present with the masses. There is ever the worry among these how the mere physical life can be sustained.
"At the other end of the social scale, among the very rich, there is just as great worry as to how they can increase their riches and how spend them after they get more. There is neither peace nor happiness in either class because the one, taken up entirely with getting a little, and the other engrossed with possessing material things, lose sight of the greatest of all possessions, the riches of the spiritual life.
"Is there anything greater than the building of character? How wonderful to watch the child in school—to see the soul unfold like the budding flower, warmed into life and beauty by the nun. The development of the soul and spiritual life means more to ua today than ever before. We talk today of soul values where once we talked of the value of material things. Is it not better than worrying about food and clothing?
"I can scarcely sit down to talk with people today without the conversation being turned to soul values. Poverty Is of the soul; riches are of the soul, and not of the bank account. First seek his kingdom and all these things shall be added unto you. It doesn't mean you will be a Rockufeler or anything of that sort, but all that is good for you shall be given In abundance.
"The chief thought now is, 'How shall we develop this life?' We have been on the animal plane, but we are above thut now. There is no end to development. All the wealth of the ages may be ours. We are the heir of the past. We should open our hearts consciously for the inflow of the good and the bad will go out. tiod's life in our life transforms us and makes us meet for the Master's use. Life is more than food and clothing. We are all one with God
"That is the call I would give you today—the call to the larger life, the life of the soul."
In the evening Mr. Bartlett addressed the Intermediate Epworth league of the First Methodist Episcopal church, preaching later at Dolgevllle.
Mrs. Martha Taylor, one of the resident workers at Bethlehem, had a number of Russian young girls from her night class at the Epworth league meeting, and the latter sang the songs of their country. Mrs. Taylor then told of the needs of Bethlehem and explained the movement started to raise $10,000 before Thanksgiving day to pay the debt on the institutions.
Los Angeles Herald, 19 November 1908, page 7
Molakans at Bethlehem Institute Being Taught Elements of Geography.
Urgent Plea for More Workers Issued
The visitor to Bethlehem Institutional church last night would have seen a class of fifty Russian men taking a lesson in simple geography. On the altar was the Bible from which Rev. Dana Bartlett preaches to his flock on Sunday, and behind it was Leo Pold, a young Russian, speaking with eloquent gestures to the fifty broad-shouldered, bearded peasants who, whipped and scourged from their own country, listened for the first time to the explanation of the shape of the earth and its rotations around the sun. During the lesson one man, his hair parted over his smooth brow in the fashion common to the Molakans, solemnly inquired if the theory that the earth is round could be found in the Bible.
There were no Russian women in the audience; the idea of education for their wives is too advanced for the people of this sect. Three young girls came in and "got the giggles," as the girls of a more enlightened race do, and went out to hide their embarrassment.
If the interest lasts, this embryonic Russian university for the people will expand and other branches of learning will be added. History will be taken up and the idea of self-government, as exemplified in the constitution of the United States, will be explained. Beyond that will be instruction in physiology, with practical suggestions in hygiene—something, these people need badly.
A great deal of work was accomplished yesterday at the Bethlehem Star Day headquarters, northeast corner of Second and Spring streets, in spite of the counter-attraction of the parade. Many visitors called with offers of assistance, but more can be used.
The committee requests all who wish to offer their services to call as soon as possible or telephone, A[ngeles] 4886 or Main 5393. It is particularly desired that the school children who are to try for the 5 per cent bonus offered their schools on all stars sold at 10 cents apiece report for instructions at once. Also a few more automobiles are needed.
Los Angeles Herald, 20 November 1908, page 8
Purse Strings Loosened
Saturday will be "Star day" and it is proposed to sell 100,000 stars at 10 cents each for the benefit of the Bethlehem institute, where Russian, Japanese and other children daily are being taught to speak, read and write the English language, and are learning as well the primary ethics of good citizenship. Dana Bartlett, manager of the school, appeals for help to all in Los Angeles who have the welfare of the children and of the city at heart.
Los Angeles Herald, 28 March 1909, pages 7
Before a fair-sized and enthusiastic audience Ossip Gabrilowitsch, the Russian pianist rendered the following program Thursday night in Simpson auditorium: ....
April 26—Address on "Character Building Through Psycho-theropy," Rev. Dana Bartlett. "The Basis and Mechanism of Psycho-Theropy and Religio-Theropy" will be discussed by Dr. Ross Moore, brain specialist.
Los Angeles Herald, 24 December 1909, pages 1,8
Organization Will Care For City's Needy
Thousands of Baskets of Food, Clothing and Toys Are Ready for Distribution Among Poor Unfortunates
With a rush the late Christmas shoppers swooped down upon the stores yesterday, jamming aisles arid crowding sidewalks. The operation will be repeated today until 11 o'clock at night, when the last present for Christmas, 1909, will have been purchased.
Not a family will be unprovided for this year. All the charitable and relief organizations have made large and careful preparations for the neglected and needy, so it looks as though it will be a very merry Christmas this year.
The first celebration of Christmas in Los Angeles was held yesterday afternoon in Neighborhood House, East Ninth and Wilton street. Rev. T.C. Marshall, in charge of the house, acted as Santa Claus. He distributed toys, candy, food, clothing and all the things which make for Christmas cheer.
Bethlehem Institution, 510 North Vignes street, will use an entire week in celebration of Christmas. The first entertainment was held last night, when the men in the night school held an entertainment. Each was remembered with a gift. Tonight the Spanish Women's club will be the guests of honor at a Christmas play, while their children and others in the neighborhood will enjoy a real old-fashioned Christmas tree celebration. Saturday night a festival will be held for the members of the Japanese mission and the Spanish Presbyterian Sunday school pupils. Sunday morning Rey. N.P. Edwards of Whittler will preach at the institution. In the evening Mrs. A.I. Bradley will give an illustrated talk on "The First Christmas." At the same time Warren Eberle will conduct a Christmas celebration at the institution branch at Railroad and Main streets. Monday night the Russian families will be entertained. Tuesday afternoon Miss Margaret Bartlett will entertain the Girls' club at the institution. In the evening at El Belen, 618 New High street, a children's celebration will be held for all children of the neighborhood. Wednesday night the Russian university students will give a Christmas entertainment in Russian, native costumes being used. This will be one of the most unique entertainments of the entire holiday season. Thursday night students in the Spanish girls' night school will entertain. Special relief work is being done by the institution under the direction of the Rev. Dana Bartlett and his wife.
Los Angeles Herald, 12 February 1910, page 7
Chance For Good Investment In Happiness
Philanthropists May Come To The Rescue
Self-Sacrificng Members of Child Study Circles Doing All In Their Power to Improve Conditions
TWO score  of babies needing dally attention; more than 800 little ones crowded into a single school with but four grades: a district of humble homes where food often is scarce—this is the situation with which the Mothers' congress is struggling in the Utah street school section located in the old river bed and cut by East First street.
It is the opportunity for one, or more of the many wealthy philanthropists of Los Angeles to make a splendid investment in happiness. To brighten the lives of this littie army of struggling humanity does not demand a fortune. A moderate fund will work wonders there.
A host of self-sacrificing members of the congress already are devoting their time to the personal work necessary. A corps of teachers, efficient and beloved of their flocks and those who trust their young charges to the educators, are working wonders.
Is Worthy Cause
But the lack of facilities handicaps all these worthy efforts.
The school is located In the Russian colony. Many of the women work out, and having no knowledge of the School regulations send their habies to the class room along with little brothers and sisters. The latter are known as "little fathers and mothers."
When Principal Alice Cushing first was confronted with this perplexing situation she was rather bewildered. In every room were cooing babies, babbling infants and crying little ones. In the circumstances the progress of education was effectively blocked at Utah street.
Instead of sending the babies back home with explanations Miss Cushing, who is something more than an educator, gathered the flock of babies and took them to her small office. There she attended them throughout school hours, day after day and month after month, feeding, amusing and putting to bed her tots, as the occasion demanded. But facilities were few. Some slept in boxes, some in brother's gocart and others on the floor. But Miss Cushlng labored on undiscouraged, realizing the helplessness of the mothers who toiled and the importance of an education for the juvenile newcomers to the land of the free.
Babies' Strong Appeal
During a visit to the Utah Parent Teacher association meeting Mrs. E B. Mapel, state chairman of the home economics committee, Mothers' congress, noted the strenuous condition of affairs and the great burden upon Miss Cushing, self-imposed, and was greatly moved to observe the needs of the babies. Her committee, including Mrs. H. Trowbridge, Mrs, H.O. Boyd, Mrs. J.E. Williams and Mrs. J.L. Harris, lost no time in taking action.
As a result the Utah school nursery was opened. A nurse was engaged who spoke the Russian language. A room was taken at the front portion of the crowded school building and two trundle beds, toys and playthings were put in.
But this is the limit to date. From twenty to forty babies are sent to the Utah school in care of the little fathers and little mothers. All are crowded into a little room fourteen feet square. They are cared for splendidly but many are forced to sleep on the floor and proper ventilation is impossible.
New Nursery Needed
A bungalow for the needy infants has been promised, but there is no space on the school grounds for the structure. The owner of the adjoining property has offered it for a low valuation, but it is extremely doubtful if the municipal educational fund can bear the expense for two years or more.
As the property needed is splendidly located in a growing industrial and manufacturing district it would prove a handsome paying investment for any business man who might purchase the land and loan the use for the nursery bungalow. The rise in value would more than repay for such a philanthroplcal act.
The property is needed for additional purposes. Upon the present site are two buildings and three bungalows. Fourteen teachers are required to handle the scholars, although there are but four grades represented.
One of the city playgrounds is supposed to exist upon this site, but it is confined to a very narrow stretch, which does not accommodate one-tenth of the scholars. There are hundreds of children playing in the dusty streets of the district who deserve better things.
Children Are Worthy
Therefore Miss Cushing and the home economics committee are making every effort possible to secure the adjoining property for a playground as well as a nursery bungalow.
"I can testify that the scholars of this school are as well behaved and industrious us any in the city," said Mrs. Mapel after the principal had praised the worthiness of her big flock. "But Los Angeles owes them something more than crowded quarters. These dear babies must be cared for. Their parents are worthy, hardworking people and often go hungry. But they are keeping their children clean and sending them to school. I hope that citizens will give financial aid to this deserving cause."
Mrs Mapel and her committee have labored faithfully to bring relief to the babies of the Utah nursery. They deserve the utmost credit for the work already accomplished.