Gabriel Lambert




Student Number:


WEB DESIGN Textbook Assignment POINTS: 10

Chapter 1: An Introduction to the Environment and the Tools + Appendices


  • Type the answers to the following questions as appropriate.
  • Change your answers to BLUE to distinguish them from the questions. 
  • This document should have a professional appearance when complete.
  • NOTE: Test questions will be based on this information.

PART 1. Definitions: Briefly define the following terms:


Internet 2 is a major nonprofit cooperative  initiative to increase the Internet’s capabilities and solve some problems.


Web 2.0 defines the “next generation“, Web that supports Web-bases services.


IRC: Internet Relay Chat is a communication place where people with common interests can exchange media or text in real time.


Blog: is an online journal or diary which readers can add their own information to the journal or diary. 


MMOG stands for massively multiplayer online games.


E-commerce encompasses a variety of online business activities for easier access to other companies and the customer.


Transfer rate: Kbps stands for Kilobits per second, and that is thousands of bits per second. 


Transfer rate: Mbps stands for megabits per second, and that is millions of bits per second.


Wi-Fi stands for wireless fidelity, and it gives access to the internet for wireless technological devices.


3G & 4G are speeds for mobile devices for voice, video and mobile television, and 4G provides services for gamming and streaming multimedia.


IP addresses are the numeric address for a computer connected to the internet.


Top-level domain indicates the type of organization or general domain for which the domain name is registered.


ISP stands for Internet service provider, and is a business that has permanent Internet connection and provides temporary Internet connections to individuals and companies.


Domain name is a text version of a computer’s numeric IP address.


HTTP stands for Hypertext Transfer Protocol; which is the communications standard for transmitting Web pages over the Internet.


Protocol is a technical standard or rule for transmitting data.


SEO stands for Search engine optimization, and is the process of designing a Webpage, so it has a better chance to be first on the list from the search engine.


Portal is a web site that offers a starting point for accessing information.


HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) is a markup language used to create Web pages.


XML stands for Extensible Markup Language (XML) is a markup language that uses both predefined and customized tags to facilitate the consistent sharing of information, especially within large groups.


XHTML is a feature that combines HTML and XML , and the display is better than HTML-coded pages on smartphones and other handheld computers.


WML (Wireless Markup Language) is an XML-based markup language used to design Web pages specifically for microbrowsers on handheld computers.


CSS (Cascading Style Sheet) is a document that uses rules to standardize the appearance of Web page content by defining many elements fonts, margins, positioning, background colors, and more.


Intranet is a private network within a large organization or commercial entity to share information among only its members, employees, or business partners.

PART 2 Questions: Answer each of the following briefly, but completely.

1. Describe several differences between a personal web site and a commercial web site. A personal Web site, are used for communication purposes. Personal Web sites can promote your employment credentials, share news and photos, other types of media, and of course to blog your own thoughts. A Commercial Web site is used to promote and sell products or services of a business.

2. Describe the differences and similarities of these types of e-commerce transactions and give a specific web site  example of each:

  1. B2C: Business transactions occur between an online business and an individual consumer. (Flirty Finds)
  2. B2B: Business transactions occur between one business to other businesses. (KPMG)
  3. C2C: Business transactions occur between customers. (eBay)

3.  What is a scripting language? It is a programming language to write short programs called scripts.

  • List 3 popular web scripting languages: (ASP, PHP, and MySql)

4. What does WYSIWYG stand for? “What You See Is What You Get”

  • List two WYSIWYG software applications: Adobe Dreamweaver & Microsoft Expression Web

5. List and briefly describe 6 different web design jobs which may be found on a web design team:

    1. Content writer/ editors create and revise the text that visitors read when they visit a Web site.

    2. Web page designers convert text, images, and links into Web pages.

    3. Web artist/ graphic designer is to create original art such as logos, stylized typefaces, and avatars or props for 3D virtual worlds.

    4. Multimedia producers design and produce animation, digital video and audio, 2D and 3D models for a Web site.

    5. Database developers must process the technical skills to plan, create, and maintain databases of varying complexity.

    6. Webmaster roles vary dramatically: staffing resources devoted to developing and maintaining a Web site.

6.  What kind of information is found in Appendix A? A summary of Design Tips is found in Appendix A.

  • How can this information be useful to you as a web designer? It contains general tip descriptions, and the page number the tips can be found on.

 7. What kind of information is found in Appendix B?

It contains HTML 4.01 quick reference to HTML Tags and Attributes.

    What do the following “tags” do in an HTML program?

  1. <img> It inserts an image into the current Web page.
  2. <a> It identifies the anchor; creates a hyperlink or fragment identifier.
  3. <form> It marks the start and end of a Web page form.
  4. <ol> It defines an ordered list that contains numbered list item elements.

8. What kind of information is found in Appendix C? Appendix C discusses cascading style sheets (CSS).

  • What are the benefits of CSS? Significant control over typography and page layout, ability to make global changes to a Web site, and separation of structure and presentation.
  • What does the CSS property font-weight do? It specifies normal or bold font.
  • What does the CSS property text-transform do? It specifies uppercase or lowercase text.

9.  What kind of information is found in Appendix D? Appendix D introduces topics related to creating a separate version of your site for mobile device users.

  • List 2 site adapters that help you create a mobile site: Zinadoo and Winksite
  • List 7 technical aspects of mobile sites that you should be aware of when designing a mobile site:

    1. Protocols

    2. W3C standards

    3. Wireless markup language

    4. CSS usage

    5. Differing screen sizes

    6. Navigation and input methods

    7. Limit media and animated content

10. Google Mobile Site Adapter:  Google has a mobile site adapter; you can enter the site address and Google will convert the site into a mobile site design for you.  NOTE: Most images are too large for a mobile device, so they should be removed. Follow these steps to adapt our SFCC web site:

  • Go to 
  • In the ENTER A URL box, enter:
  • Check the HIDE IMAGES box.
  • Click GO.

Compare the mobile SFCC site to the regular SFCC site. What are the main differences between the two? The mobile site adapter makes the site look plane and boring; plus it doesn’t have the graphics or images as the regular site. The regular site looks more interesting and more enjoyable to browse through.