Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Egypt

Name: _______________________________________

“The Eye” Math

Ancient Egyptians were ________________

Why the need for gods and goddesses:

1. explain the mysteries of nature

2. explain the creation

3. develop a religion

Please the god=peace and prosperity

The Eye

The Eye of Ra: Right eye. Powerful, destructive force linked with the heat of the sun

The Eye of Horus: left eye. Life, resurrection, healing and power

The gods and goddesses

Ra: the sun god. Most important

Horus: Man with the head of a hawk. God of the sky. Protector of the ruler of Egypt

Re-Horakhte: combination of Horus and Ra. The Rising sun.

Amun: Man with a ram head. One of the most powerful gods. At one point in Egyptian history, he was considered the “king of the gods”

Atum: Man with the double crown. Creator god. First god to exist on earth

Osiris:  A mummified man wearing a white cone-like headdress with feathers . God of the dead and underworld. Gift of barley.

Anubis: God of embalming/mummification.  Jackal headed mask

Khnum: Man with the head of a curly-horned ram God of flooding

Thoth: A man with the head of an ibis holding a writing palette.  God of writing and knowledge. Gave the Egyptians the gift of Hieroglyphics.

Isis: Woman with headdress in the shape of a throne.  Protective goddess

Ma’at: Woman with a feather on her head.  Goddess of truth, justice, and harmony.

Nephthys: Woman with headdress showing her name in hieroglyphs. Protective goddess of the dead.

Ptah: Man wrapped in a tight white cloak carrying a staff.  God of craftsman.

Bastet: Woman with the head of a cat. Protective goddess.

Bes: Dwarf with lion and human features.  God of family. Protector against snake and scorpion bites.

Geb: Man lying down below the arch of the sky goddess Nut.  God of the earth.

Hathor: Woman with a headdress of horns and a sun disk. Goddess of love and joy. Mother of the pharaoh.