Excerto das recomendações que o Banco Mundial efectuou nas décadas de 70 e 80 para a economia nacional → World Bank Report of Assessment (No. 1807-PO, 1978)


“ ….1.04      The 1977-80 Plan only indicates growth rates and broad manpower trends; however, a limited manpower projection based on available data suggests that about 1,400 post-secondary level industrial technicians, 500 agricultural technicians and 6,000 middle-management personnel in commercial and tourism services will be required annually. In support of the proposed expansion of specific industries, there is a clear need for training middle and high level technicians, particularly in such areas as electronics, instrumentation and process control, refrigeration and air-conditioning, drafting, food technology, industrial electricity, and commercial and business programs....”

“ ..While universities and the recently upgraded "institutes" offer degree programs in many professional fields, no self-contained technician level diploma courses exist...”

“ … (iii) To adjust education and training provisions to meet manpower needs better. The government has recognized severe disparities in the provision for training of technicians and of unemployed youth (para 1.12). In view of the abundant supply of engineers, the government intends to phase out from 1979 three existing engineering colleges to coincide with the introduction of the two-year technician training institutes to be provided in the project so that the total number of post-secondary technical student places will be maintained and also that the more appropriate and required needs of industry will be met...”

“ ...2.01      The project is designed to assist the government to initiate or further develop action in priority areas where manifest needs have been clearly defined. The emphasis of the project is on institution-building and quality improvement. New programs will be initiated in technician training, vocational training and teacher training. More specifically the principal objectives are to:
(i) introduce the concept of sub-professional, practically-trained and oriented technician training to provide the type of trained personnel required by (a) rapidly developing industrial complexes throughout the country, (b) the renewed emphasis upon improvement of the food processing and food production sub-sectors, and (c) middle level management for the rapidly modernizing commerce industry service sectors...”

“...4.03 Specifically, the main benefits of the project are expected to be:

(i)  improving the quality of training through the provision of badly needed buildings, furniture and equipment for the upgraded preparation of teachers and technicians;
(ii)  introducing new programs for training practically-oriented technicians required by the developing economy (paras 2.03 to 2.07); …”