Ch. 3 Notes
Solids, Liquids, and Gases
What forms of matter are these?
Definite ___________________________ (crystalline)
Atoms _______________, but stay in same fixed positions (unless melting point is reached)
Particles move randomly, but forces of attraction between atoms is less then in solids
They take the shape of _________________________________________
Although there are forces of attraction among all particles, these _______________________ with gasses because the particles are moving so fast and are so far apart.
Kinetic Theory of Matter
All particles of matter are in __________________________
Absolute Zero= OK or -273 C, this is when the motion of all particles _____________________. It has never been reached.
Phase change diagram
-During a phase change, energy may be added or taken away, but the temperature remains
-Energy is being use to overcome the ___________________________.
______________________- at a constant temperature, when the volume goes ____________ the pressure goes up, and vice versa
_______________________- at a constant pressure, as the temperature goes ________ the volume goes us and vice versa
V1/T1 = V2/T2
C= 5/9 x (F-32)
F=(9/5 x C) + 32
K= C + 273
C= K - 273