This handbook will help you get better acquainted withBozeman Montessori and its policies and goals. Montessori is different; we expect many questions about Montessori teaching and practices. We hope you will freely ask them; everyone gains from your interest and participation.
Mission Statement: Our mission is to work collaboratively with families, using the principles of Dr. Montessori, to support children. We strive to support the children's independence and development while fostering in them joyful life-long learning.
The Children: Our goal is to create and implement beautiful, purposeful environments that support the children’s learning through developmentally appropriate, self-correcting materials. We strive to consider that every person has a different way of learning and are always working to provide the best opportunities for learning for each child.
The Environment: Our goal is to provide an authentic Montessori environment tailored to the group of children presently inhabiting it. We use Montessori principles to create a constantly evolving setting based on the specific children’s needs.
The Parents: Our goal is to provide parents with tools, knowledge, and support to guide their children through these developmentally important years. We want to create a space and culture where parents can find a community for themselves and their children.
The Staff: Our goal is to provide a supportive and engaging work environment with opportunities for professional development and growth within the community. We strive to provide ongoing education in early childhood development and Montessori principles. We also strive to create an environment in which employees can maintain a healthy work-life balance with the knowledge that they are making meaningful contributions to the Bozeman Montessori community.
The Community: Our goal is to offer our knowledge of child development and Montessori pedagogy to the larger Gallatin community; early childhood educators, nannies, and parents. We also strive to advocate for the needs of children and families within the state of Montana.
Bozeman Montessori strives to...
Our doors opened to the community in September 2013. Bozeman Montessori was founded by Marissa SherKenney in an effort to bring high quality, internationally recognized Montessori to Montana. Bozeman Montessori in housed in a built-to-suit facility that is designed to meet the needs of children, families and staff.
Bozeman Montessori operates as a single member LLC. Marissa SherKenney in the Owner of this business.
The educational principles of bozeman Montessori School are based on the pedagogy of Dr. Maria Montessori, an Italian physician and educator. Dr. Montessori developed a program designed to foster in each child the growth of a self-disciplined and confident individual who is able to contribute significantly to society by fulfilling his or her highest potential.
Our staff prepare a carefully arranged environment that is scaled physically and conceptually for children and is sensitive to their needs for order and meaning. In the prepared environment, children may choose activities according to their diverse needs and desires. The self-correcting materials integrate children’s motor and sensory skills to lengthen concentration span, discover problem-solving techniques, learn to care for themselves, and work with others. The teacher’s role in the Montessori classroom is to guide children by introducing them to new materials and activities as they gain greater levels of mastery.
Maria Montessori was born in Italy in 1870 and died in Holland in 1952, after a lifetime devoted to the study of child development.
Dr. Montessori was a true pioneer. The first woman to qualify in Italy as a doctor of medicine, she became increasingly interested in the needs of children. By 1900 she was Professor of Pedagogy at the University of Rome. Her early work centered on women’s rights and social reform and evolved to encompass an innovative approach to education. Her success in Italy led to international recognition, and for over 40 years she travelled all over the world, lecturing, writing and establishing training programs. In later years, ”Educate for Peace” became a guiding principle which underpinned her work.
- from the AMI website
As a community we offer several opportunities throughout the year to learn more about Dr. Montessori and the Montessori Method. We also have many of her books and books about her and this pedagogy in our lending library. In addition there are several reputable on-line references that we recommend.
Bozeman Montessori does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, gender, religion, sexual orientation, national or ethnic origin in admission or hiring policies.
The first month of class is considered an adjustment period for all new children. Should a child have difficulty, the teacher will work closely with the parents during this trial period. If, after that time, it is determined that the child is not ready for the Montessori classroom, the child’s family will be notified. Bozeman Montessori reserves the right to extend the probationary period if necessary.
If at any time, it becomes clear that Bozeman Montessori is unable to meet the needs of the child, the family will be contacted. A family may be asked to withdraw their child if the school cannot meet the needs of the child or if the behavior of the child continuously disrupts the class such that the needs of the other students cannot be adequately addressed. If a child is struggling to function successfully at the school we will work with the family to address the situation. The parents or guirdians, guide and director will hold a conference to discuss how the needs of the child might best be met and a timeframe in which to work through the situation will be determined. At the end of the agreed timeframe the parents and guide will again confer and come to a decision. If we are unable to find a solution to meet the child’s needs, or if we feel that the family is unable/unwilling to work with us, we reserve the right to terminate enrollment.
If a parent, guardian or family member engages in behavior that is destructive, disruptive or undermining to the school environment, to the children or staff, the family may be asked to withdraw their child from the school.
Re-enrollment for the next school year is done annually in March. Current families will receive a contract and will be asked to return it, along with a re-enrollment deposit to hold their place for the upcoming school year. This deposit is non-refundable and will be applied toward first month’s tuition. Please see current contract for deposit amount. Updated health and identification information is due prior to the beginning of school in September.
Enrollment is for the entire school year. Thirty day notice of student withdrawal is required. Parents agree to pay the full fee for 30 days, as well as your tuition contract responsibility (see refunds). Withdrawal notice must be given to the director in writing. If we know in advance of a vacancy, we are able to notify another family of an opening. More importantly, before your child leaves, we would like to have an exit interview with you to discuss your satisfaction with the school and to give you any of your child’s belongings and projects.
Parents who have a grievance or concern about the school should attempt to resolve the difficulty through direct communication with the staff involved. Often this type of communication clarifies and resolves the situation immediately.
In the unusual cases where direct communication does not affect a positive outcome, you should take the problem to the lead guide for resolution. This may be done in written form with the knowledge that any such documentation may come before the director. If the situation is unresolved after approaching the involved party and the lead guide, you are asked to contact the director. The director will schedule a meeting to hear the situation and receive written communication. The director maintains final responsibility for all grievances.
Parents should follow the same procedure if unsatisfied with a policy or program at Bozeman Montessori.
Refer to your contract for all information on payment schedules, tuition obligations, fees, discounts and deposits. If you have questions please ask.
On occasion we have the ability to trade tuition for services or materials. If you have an idea of something you’d like to trade please take to Marissa.
We are not able to offer any financial aid at this time.
The Early Childhood Services Bureau offers Best Beginnings child care scholarships to qualified low-income families. Bozeman Montessori is a licensed child care center and qualifies to work with this program.
Montessori philosophy insists that we respect the child’s need for consistency. The children who benefit most from the prepared environment are those who attend regularly. A child’s experiences in the classroom and with the materials are cumulative; consistent attendance bolsters learning. A consistent routine also provides security for children; a sense of security enables children to learn more readily.
The guides spend time and energy preparing the curriculum and lessons for each day. For all students at every level, each day “counts.” Please help to ensure your child’s social and academic progress by avoiding unnecessary absences.
Bozeman Montessori uses a school year calendar that loosely follows the Bozeman Public Schools calendar. Please refer to the annual calendar and plan for school closures and vacations accordingly. It is your responsibility to be aware of closures, early release days and events.
See your contract for school hours.
Each class has a tablet outside the classroom door to facilitate this process. Signing in and out is a legal requirement. If you forget you will be required to update and sign an override form to help us accurately record attendance.
In order to release your child to anyone who picks up, they must be on the authorized pick up list. Please notify us in writing if you would like to add someone or if there is someone different picking up your child. We cannot allow anybody to pick up a child that is not on their authorized list. Verbal permission is not adequate.
If an authorized person is unfamiliar to our staff, we will request picture identification before we will allow them to pick up your child.
Please notice the school if you think you’ll be late to pick up. Late fees may apply.
When children are tardy it interrupts the cycle of concentration, one of the most important skills developed in the Montessori environment, and can also distract the other students from their work. Tardy children often miss important lessons and activities, and can have a difficult time finding their social grounding and work partners for that day. Children who are consistently late can have difficulty feeling a sense of belonging in the community. Children who leave before the end of their normal schedule are also denied closure of their work cycle and social interactions. Leaving early can be just as disruptive as arriving late.
In our environments we value choice, independence, exploration, and kindness. Your choice of clothing should reflect these ideas and be suitable to allow for comfort, exploration, and independence. We recommend the following:
1. Provide a choice of clothing that is comfortable, simple, and free of complicated fastenings. The child should be able to dress and undress on his/her own as much as possible. (Sweat pants or elastic banded pants are requested for pre-primary)
2. Exploration is messy. Please give your child the opportunity to explore by providing clothes that can handle dirt, paint, water, and anything else your child gets into. We always provide aprons for messy work and encourage children to be attentive, but we will err on the side of exploration, and they should be dressed for it.
3. Provide two extra sets of clothing for your child. We will notify you when we are running low on an item.
4. Prepare your child for the elements-we go outside year-round. If there is any chance of snow, please make sure they have snow pants, mittens, hat, etc.
5. Clothes must be free of popular characters, cartoons, and distracting decoration.
6. Provide inside shoes. These will be kept at school and should be neutral in color and not distracting (quiet comfortable soles and no lights, characters, or excessive decorations). *Inside shoes are not required in the Nido classroom
7. Leave toys and other potential distractions at home or in the car.
Within these guidelines, please provide choices and then allow them to choose. We don’t mind creative color combinations and mismatched socks. We will work together with you to develop their sense of appropriate clothing choices, but we will also celebrate their creativity.
Please Label Everything!!
Instruments of technology, which includes phones, smart phones, tablets, and computers, are great resources for adults. They can aid us in many ways and at times can help to simplify our lives. One of the main advantages of technology is to increase modes of communication. There are some big downsides as well. One of the downsides is to the brain and social development of children. There are multiple studies that explore the way that time with screens negatively impacts children. Another downside of technology is that it can be very distracting from the present moment. At Bozeman Montessori, we believe that being fully present when we are with children is one of the greatest gifts that we can offer to the children.
It is with these concerns in mind that Bozeman Montessori requests that you leave your cell phone in your car or refrain from answering it while in the center. You may, in no circumstances, enter a classroom while talking on the phone.
If you take a photo or video or your child’s class you need to get the permission of the other families whose children are in the image before posting the photo/video to any social media.
Freedom with responsibility is a core principle of Montessori education. Self-discipline and self-control of the will are developed at Bozeman Montessori, therefore a child rarely has discipline issues. Children are free to choose their own work if they are respectful of others and the classroom environment. Usually redirection is all that is necessary. If needed, a child will be asked to sit and observe another child working for a short time before being invited to join when ready. The Guides support conflict resolution between the children so that they learn to communicate with each other and solve their own problems. Guides use firm, but loving, direct communication with children to convey their expectations.
Corporeal punishment is never used.
In order to facilitate a strong community we request that you make every effort to attend all Bozeman Montessori functions and parent involvement opportunities. It is by collaborating with the Bozeman Montessori staff and community that we are best able to support the development of your child.
We offer several educational and community events throughout the year. Please see the calendar for more information.
Family members are invited to volunteer in organizing events, supporting the classrooms, and lending a helping hand.
If you have any ideas about getting involved, talk to Marissa!
Transparent Classrooms is used to keep attendance and maintain consistent communication through tracking, pictures and written posts to the families.
Conferences are held twice a year. Please see the calendar for more information.
Families are encouraged to observe in the classrooms anytime!
A parent lending library is available in the common space. Feel free to check out any of the books. Please return the book in a timely manner.
All personal information regarding you and your child is protected and respected at Bozeman Montessori.
Throughout the school year, we take photographs of children working and playing at school. Because Montessori work is done mainly with the materials themselves, often there is little “paperwork” sent home to show the work your child is doing each day. These photos show your child happily learning and growing, and we use them in gifts to the parents. In addition, we like to document special events.
We do post photos on our website, Transparent Classroom and on occasion our Facebook page.
The safety and privacy of your child is of great importance to us. The Photo Consent Form gives you the opportunity to decide under which conditions you give consent regarding photography and videography by Bozeman Montessori.
All of our guides must be first aid and CPR certified. They know where the first aid kits are in each class and what is in them.
While we do our best to ensure the safety of the children, accidents may happen. In the event of an accident, the child is assessed and appropriate supplies are obtained.
Below is the First Aid policy as written for the staff. This policy is posted in all classrooms.
The child will be comforted
If necessary bandages and/or ice packs or wet towels will be applied. We will not apply antibiotic cream without prior written consent.
Family contact: We will let them know what happened at pick up time.
Lead Guide: Make sure to inform the lead guide the next time you see them. Discuss what happened and how to improve the prevention and response.
The child will be comforted.
For injuries where there is bleeding or other bodily fluids apply non-porous gloves. If the injury is larger than a small scrape, direct pressure will be applied. If necessary, ice packs will be used.
For injuries to the head or neck, stabilize the child’s head if necessary.
If a suspected poisoning has occurred we will call poison control at 1-800-222-1222.
Family contact: We will contact the family as soon as possible to inform them of the situation and let them decide the action to take.
Fill out an incident report form. Be very detailed. Sign the form and have the parent sign it as well. The parent gets the top copy. The remaining copies go to the office.
Lead Guide: Make sure to inform the lead guide within 12hours. Discuss what happened and how to improve the prevention and response. They will follow up with family.
If a child is seriously injured or experiencing a suspected medical emergency, we will call 911 and administer first aid and monitor the child until medical professionals arrive. We will accompany the child to the hospital if necessary.
Family contact: We will contact the family immediately after contacting 911.
Fill out an incident report form. Be very detailed. Sign the form and have the parent sign it as well. The parent gets the top copy. The remaining copies go to the office.
Lead Guide: Make sure to inform the lead guide within 12hours. Discuss what happened and how to improve the prevention and response. They will follow up with family.
Administration: The child care licensor is called within 24 hours for serious injuries/incidents which require medical attention and a copy of the report is sent to the licensor.
There are posted action plans at the school for a variety of potential emergencys. You are welcome to read them.
Bozeman Montessori follows the Bozeman School District’s snow day schedule. If Bozeman Schools are closed, then we are closed. Snow day information will also be communicated via Transparent Classroom.
You will be provided with a printed copy of this policy in your intake folder for future reference
Bozeman Montessori understands that it is difficult for a parent/guardian to leave or miss work; therefore, alternative arrangements should be made for occasions when children must remain at home or be picked up due to illness. Exclusion from the center is sometimes necessary to reduce the transmission of illness or because the center is not able to adequately meet the needs of the child.
Mild illnesses are common among children and infections are often spread before the onset of any symptoms. In these cases, the school will try to keep the children comfortable throughout the day but will find it necessary to exclude them from the child care setting for the reasons stated below (this list covers most common illnesses but is not inclusive of all reasons for exclusion). Please do not send a child medicated with any fever reducer; it only masks the symptoms and puts everyone else at risk.
When a child is unable to participate in the program, they will be sent home, and will need to stay home until they can participate fully in the program. These symptoms can include fever, lethargy, excessive fussiness or crankiness or otherwise unusual behavior.
Return to School
Temperature above 100.5° F with or without behavior change or other signs and symptoms (e.g., sore throat, rash, vomiting, diarrhea).
Temperature above 100.5°
Fever free for 24 hours without medication.
Watery stools or decreased form of stool that is not associated with changes in diet.
Exclusion is required for all diapered children whose stool is not contained in the diaper 2 or more times. In addition, non-diapered children with diarrhea should be excluded if they are unable to make it to the toilet one or more times.
Once the child has a first normal stool or a note from a physician that determines it is not related to an infectious disease.
If the child looks tired or lethargic or is sneezing, coughing, etc. we will send him/her home after the first vomit. Otherwise, if the child vomits two or more times, he/she will be sent home.
Twenty-four (24) hours after the vomiting has completely stopped.
Stuffy or runny nose
A minor cold or allergy symptoms (regardless of color or consistency of nasal discharge) should not be a reason to miss school.
When the child can participate in all parts of normal activity.
Red and painful throat
Swollen neck glands
White patches on tonsils
24 hours after antibiotic treatment has
Redness, itching, pain, discharge from the eye
Swelling of the eyelids
For the duration of illness or until 24 hours after treatment has started.
A note from the child’s physician is required to return or after 24 hours after the first treatment.
Hand-Foot-Mouth Disease (Herpangina)
Red spots- often with small blisters on the top- may appear especially on hands, feet and inside the mouth.
For 1 to 2 weeks from the onset of illness
The child needs to stay home for seven days or until all sores are completely gone.
Ring-shaped rash with a raised edge on skin or scalp.
Often itchy and flaky.
From onset until medical treatment has been started
A doctor’s note stating that treatment has begun before returning.
Raised red itchy spot -like rash that turns into blisters then scabs- mainly on the face and body.
Up to 5 days before the rash appears until all blisters have scabbed over
Until all lesions have dried or crusted (usually six days after onset of rash).
Small silvery eggs (nits) attached to the base of the hair near the root, esp. at the nape of the neck and behind the ears.
Until properly treated
Day after treatment begins.
If a child is sick, the caretaker should him or her at home. If a child becomes sick at school, Bozeman Montessori will notify the caretaker or call someone on the child’s authorized pickup list to come to pick the child up
Bozeman Montessori will closely follow this illness and exclusion policy to keep the entire community of children, families and staff healthy. When a child is kept home with an illness, Bozeman Montessori requests that the caretaker contact the school to inform regarding the absence and symptoms to better track the health of the community.
Licensed childcare providers in Montana are required to notify Public Health when they learn that a child has been diagnosed with one of the communicable diseases listed on their website. In addition, we will notify our Public Health Nurse when an unusual number of children and/or staff are ill (for example, >10% of children in a center, or most of the children in the toddler room), even if the disease is not on this list or has not yet been identified.
To protect all children and staff, each child in our center must have a completed and signed proof of Immunizations. Immunization records are reviewed quarterly until the child is fully immunized. Children are required to have the following immunizations listed on this licensing website.
If a parent or guardian chooses to exempt their child from HiB immunization requirements, they must complete and sign the Certificate of Exemption Form.
If the exemption is for medical reason the child’s health care provider (MD, DO, ND, PA, ARNP) must also sign the Certificate of Exemption form or provide a signed letter verifying that the parent or guardian received information on the benefits and risks of immunizations.
Our medication administration policy is available upon request.
Bozeman Montessori believes all families have the right to safe and healthy child care.
When at all possible, student medication should be administered at home. At times, it is necessary for medication to be given during school hours. The staff At Bozeman Montessori will administer medication to children who require it.
The purpose of the medication policy is so that staff and parents understand medications will be administered in a safe and manner that protects children and staff.
This policy will be available in each class room’s folder. You can also ask in the office for a copy.
To administer medication to your child, Bozeman Montessori must have the Medication Authorization form completed and signed by a parent or guardian.
The Medication Authorization form must be filled out every time a medication is brought in by the parent or guardian (even if the child has taken the medication in the past).
Prescription medications must be in their original containers labeled with the child’s first and last name, the date the prescription was filled, the name of the licensed physician or nurse practitioner who wrote the prescription, the expiration date of the medication, and specific and legible instructions for administration and storage of the medication. All medication will be administered according to the instructions.
Non-prescription (Over-the-Counter) medications can be given with permission from the parent or guardian based on general advice received from the child’s physician. Non-prescription medication will be administered from the original container labeled with the child’s first and last name and according to the instructions on the label. A record of doses will be kept.
A Medication Log will be kept in each child’s chart. The staff person administering the medication will immediately record the date, time, medication, and dose and sign his/her name on the Medication Log. Only staff trained in medication administration will give medication.
Medications will be stored at the recommended temperature, in a child proof container, in a place inaccessible to children.
When the medication expires the parent will be asked to take home the medication to dispose of. If it’s not picked up in a week’s time a Bozeman Montessori staff will dispose it in the recommended manner.
Medication for Asthma and Allergies (inhalers, nebulizers and Epipens): If your child has been diagnosed with asthma or life threatening allergies, it is essential that we have all information and medication in place BEFORE it is needed. If your child has ever needed asthma medication, or been prescribed an EPIPEN, please: Complete the Medication Authorization form and Submit a copy of your child's Allergy Emergency Plan/Asthma Action Plan.
Parents must hand deliver the prescribed medication to their child's guide or assistant and give any pertinent information that may be needed regarding the purpose of the medication and any possible side effects that we should be aware of.
A medication error/incident report will be completed by the staff person administering medication and co-signed by the director if an error or incident takes place.
If any Bozeman Montessori staff member notices an adverse effect or serious allergic reaction, and the child is in distress, staff will call 911. Parents will also be notified.
This policy applies to all children, parents, guardians, and providers.
This policy can be changed or adapted with the recommendations of the licensing agent/county health nurse/child care health consultant serving our program. Everybody will be informed if changes are made (we will post the revised policy on the community board.)
This policy is effective immediately.
Bozeman Montessori will review this policy annually in August.
EMERGENCY SUPPLY OF CRITICAL MEDICATIONS
For children’s critical medications, including those taken at home, we suggest that parents for a 3-day supply to be stored on site along with our disaster supplies. Staff are also encouraged to supply the same. Critical medications – to be used only in an emergency when a child has not been picked up by a parent, guardian, or emergency contact – are stored in the office, Medication is kept current (not expired). **“3-day Critical Medication form” is available at www.kingcounty.gov/health/childcare
CHILDREN WITH SPECIAL NEEDS
All families will be treated with dignity and with respect for their individual needs and/or differences.
Children with special needs will be accepted into our program under the guidelines of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA).
Children with special needs will be given the opportunity to participate in the program to the fullest extent possible. To accomplish this, we may consult with our public health nurse consultant and other agencies/organizations as needed.
An individual plan of care is developed for each child with a special health care need. The plan of care includes information and instructions for:
Completed plans are requested from health care provider annually or more often as needed for changes.
Children with special needs are not present without an individual plan of care on site.
All staff receive general training on working with children with special needs and updated training on specific special needs that are encountered in their classrooms.
Teachers, cooks, and other staff will be oriented to any special needs or diet restrictions by the Director.
A copy of this policy will be provided to the families of the Nido Classroom and to others upon request.
Bozeman Montessori recognizes the role that child care providers play in helping mothers continue to breastfeed while their infants are in care and is committed to fully supporting breastfeeding mothers and their infants in the following ways:
ANIMALS ON SITE
We have the following animals on site: turtle, newt, rabbit and fish
We occasionally have animal visitors such as: dogs, rabbits, cats, turtles and others.
Children and adults wash hands after feeding animals or touching/handling animals or animal homes or equipment.
It is your responsibility to notify our staff if you or a family member may have an allergic reaction to a pet.
NO SMOKING POLICY
Staff will not smoke in the presence of children or parents while at work.
There will be no smoking on site or in outdoor areas immediately adjacent to any buildings (not within 25 feet of an entrance, exit, or ventilation intake of the building) where there are classrooms regardless of whether or not children are on the premises. (Rationale: residual toxins from smoking can trigger asthma and allergies when children do use the space). There is no smoking allowed in any vehicle that children are transported in.
If staff members smoke, they must do so away from the school property, and out of sight of parents and children. They must not smell of smoke when they return to the classroom.
Other items to include?
Celebrations & Other Sharings Learning about and sharing celebrations can be a joyful way to understand more about other cultures and foster human unity. Out of respect for the variety of religious and cultural backgrounds within our school, we do not emphasize any particular tradition. Children like to celebrate together, and by developing their own special celebrations based on their study of the historic, cultural, and religious context of the holiday, they often enjoy the experience in a way that is low-key and comfortable for all. We ask for parental assistance in helping your child exercise appropriate choice in what she brings to school. We appreciate children’s desire to share with their classmates their personal treasures and experiences as it enriches the classroom class significantly. Try to select items from which the entire class might benefit. Such items often spark a far-reaching discussion or investigation. This could include: • Natural Specimens, (Rocks, Shells, Flowers) • Interesting Books • Items From Other Cultures • Something The Child Has Made • A Photo Or Newspaper Article of Particular Interest • An Item Which Relates To An Important Story From The Child’s Personal Life The verbal sharing of an experience is valued as highly as an object. You might discuss with your child any interesting experiences which could be shared with the class. There is not enough time for everyone who wishes to share everyday; thus, your child’s teacher may notify the children and parents of certain days of the week when sharing times will be scheduled. After objects have been shown, they may be displayed in a small class “museum’’ for a short time, if the child wishes. Please give much consideration before bringing special personal treasures, as there are possibilities of them getting lost or damaged in a large group setting.
Twelve Points Of The Montessori Method 1. It is based on years of patient observation of a child’s nature. 2. It has proved itself of universal application. Over several generations it has been tried with complete success with children of almost every nation. Race, color, climate, nationality, social rank, type of civilization - all these make no difference to its successful application. 3. It has revealed the small child as a lover of work, intellectual work, spontaneously chosen and carried out with profound joy. 4. It is based on the child’s imperative need to learn by doing. At each stage in the child’s mental growth, corresponding occupations are provided by means of which the child develops his/her faculties. 5. While it offers the child a maximum of spontaneity, it nevertheless enables the child to reach the same, or even a higher, level of scholastic attainment as under the traditional systems. 6. Though it does away with the necessity of coercion by means of rewards and punishments, it achieves a higher discipline than formerly. It is an active discipline, which originates within the child. 7. It is based on a profound respect for the child’s personality and removes from him/her the preponderating influence of the adult, thus leaving the child room to grow in independence. Hence the child is allowed a large measure of liberty (not license), which forms the basis of real discipline. 8. It enables the teacher to be present with each child individually in each subject, and thus guide him/her according to individual requirements.