The BAN – Beth Aharon Newsletter

Riverdale’s Sephardic Congregation @ The Riverdale Bayit - 3700 Henry Hudson Parkway, Bronx NY 10463

Shabbat Vayakhel Moshe Shəqalim u’Məvarkhim shel Shalom

from Beth Aharon: March 2, 2019 | כ”ה אדר א’ תשע"ט - Issue #5779: 25

Zəmanim & Services

Shabbat Məvarkhim and Shəqalim Parashat Vayakhel

2 March 2019 * 25 Adar I 5779

Candle Lighting - 5:29pm

Minḥa/Kabbalat-Shabbat/Arvit - 5:35pm

Shaḥarit - 8:30am * Latest Shəma - 9:18am

Kiddush - 11:25am

Parasha Limud - 4:30pm

Zohar - 4:55pm * Minḥa - 5:00pm

Səuda Shəlishit & Talk - 5:30pm

Shəki’a - 5:48pm * Arvit - 6:28pm

Tset Hakokhavim /Havdala - 6:33pm


Regular Week Prayers (Tefilat Avraham)

Shaḥarit: Sun: 8:30am *  Mon/Thu: 6:40, 8:00am * Tue/Wed/Fri: 6:45, 8:00am

Minḥa/Arvit: Sun-Thu: 5:40pm

Picture of the Week

Rose-Ringed Parakeet in flight Israel

This Shabbat: CBA & The HIR Annual Guest Speaker Shabbat

Join the BAyit this Shabbat Shəkalim u’Məvarkhim, Parashat Vayakhel, for a Sephardi flavored shabbat & luncheon as we explore the Syrian & the Sephardic world with Guest Speaker Rav Elie Abadie, MD.

* Təfilat Erev Shabbat: 5:35pm

** Dvar Torah: Parashat Vayakhel-Shekalim - Shabbat Morning before Musaf @ 10:45am @ Beth Aharon - 2BM;

*** Lecture: Judaism's Fourth Denomination. A personal and historical journey of a Syrian Jew and of the Sephardic Jews - During RSVP Luncheon.

**** Talk: The Syrian Edict and The Bnei Anusim: Meaning and Impact - @ 5:30pm during Seuda Shelishit @ the Social Hall after 5:00pm Minha.

* Inquiries to Looking forward to seeing you all!

This Shabbat & Beyond

Shabbat Məvarkhim Rosh odesh Adar Bet: Rosh odesh Adar Bet will be B”H on Thursday & Friday, April 7 & 8, starting Wednesday night.

Tefilat Erev Shabbat @ 5:35pm

Shaḥarit @ 8:30am ● First Kadish: 8:55am ● Shəma‘ Yisrael: 9:10am - all kids participate! ● Youth Groups: See the Bayit Bulletin for all programs

Parasha: 9:45am ● Yimlokh: 10:40am - All kids are welcome to join!

Dvar Torah: 10:45am - Rav Elie Abadie

Condolences to the Gessler family on the untimely passing of Eva, zikhra livrakha.   

Rəfuaa Shəlema to all the Bayit’s sick and to Israel’s injured bodies & souls. List on the back page.

Many Thanks to all the potluckers and to the Zalichas for contributing for kiddush last shabbat.

Congratulations to Israeli director Guy Nattiv and his movie “Skin” for winning the short film award at the 91st Oscars. Nattiv is the 3rd Israeli to win the Academy Award after Moshe Mizrahi (1978) and Natalie Portman (2010).

 Happy Birthday to Cobi LaMot and... YOU! ● More news on the back.

A Moment of BAN

We are ready.

The Weekly Riddle

How far is the Moon from the Earth? How much time does it take to travel to the moon - with a spaceship; with your car, regardless of the make and model :)?

 (Guess before you take a peek. The answer is on the back page.)

From the Rabbis and Beyond…


פרשת השבוע - פרשת ויקהל

"בְּצַלְאֵל בֶּן אוּרִי בֶן חוּר לְמַטֵּה יְהוּדָה... ואָהֳלִיאָב בֶּן אֲחִיסָמָךְ לְמַטֵּה דָן...".

במדרש רבא על מגילת קהלת נאמר על הפסוק "טוב שם משמן טוב", שלשה שמות לאדם, האחד, שקוראים לו אביו ואמו, השני, שקוראים לו בני אדם, והשלישי, שקורא הוא לעצמו.

וההסבר הוא, כי השם מורה על המהות, והשם הראשון הוא שאביו ואמו קוראים לו, לפי מה שהקדוש ברוך הוא נותן בלב ההורים לקרוא לילדיהם לפי שורש נשמתו של האדם, וכך נקרא האדם באמת.

השם השני, קוראים לו בני אדם, לפי התפתחות האדם בין בגוף ובין בשכל, שאם אדם עושה דבר המועיל לגוף ולשכל יש בו שבח גדול לו ולבריות כולם. וכך יכנוהו ויקראו לו שם טוב. כמו חכם עשיר ונכבד וצדיק. ובענין זה אין הבדל בין האדם לבעלי החיים, שהרי גם בעלי החיים משתדלים בכל כוחם לעשות כל מה שיטיב להם בעולם, שיהיה להם מזון וטרף לנפשם, וכן מחפשים מקום ובונים לעצמם בית לחיות שם ולגדל את צאצאיהם. ואף על פי כן הם בעלי חיים. אבל אם האדם עושה לגוף ולשכל דבר המועיל לו, זוכה שעל ידי זה משבחים אותו בני אדם בשבח גדול. ואף על פי כן, האדם יראה לעינים והשם יראה ללבב. אפשר שאין הוא ראוי לאותו תואר שמחשיבים אותו בני אדם.

והשם השלישי שהאדם קורה לעצמו, הוא שעליו אמר שלמה המלך "טוב שם משמן טוב", שאף שבני אדם קוראים לו "צדיק", הוא אינו מסתפק בכך וממשיך לעלות מעלה מעלה, כי כל הזמן הוא חושב שעדיין לא הגיע ולא השלים מה שראוי לו להשלים בעבודת השם, ואז הוא באמת צדיק אמיתי, וזהו השם הטוב באמת.

Daf Bite  –   טעם דף

Hullin 89a-b: The Thread of Tekhelet

Following the quote from Avraham that appeared on yesterday’s daf, Rava on today’s daf suggests another set of mitzvot whose source was a statement made by Avraham. Rava teaches that in the merit of Avraham saying “I will not take a thread nor a shoe-strap” (see Bereishit 14:23), his descendants were worthy to receive two commandments – the thread of tekhelet (of tzitzit), and the strap of the tefillin.

In explaining “the thread of tekhelet” the Gemara brings the teaching of Rabbi Meir:

Why is tekhelet specified from all the other colors for this mitzva? Because tekhelet is similar to the color of the sea, and the sea is similar to the sky, and the sky is similar to the color of a sapphire, and a sapphire is similar to the Throne of Glory, as it is said, ‘And there was under his feet the like of a paved work of sapphire stone’ (Shemot 24:10), and it is also written, ‘The likeness of a throne as the appearance of a sapphire stone’ (Yeḥezkel 1:26).

 (Daf Yomi from

Time to Smile 

Dad: “Which is a witch’s favorite subject in school?”

Kid: “Spelling!”

In the Beginning

 “Hereupon the Israelites rejoiced at what they had seen and heard of their conductor, and were not wanting in diligence according to their ability; for they brought silver, and gold, and brass, and of the best sorts of wood, and such as would not at all decay by putrefaction; camels' (goats’?) hair also, and sheep-skins, some of them dyed of a blue color, and some of a scarlet; some brought the flower for the purple color, and others for white, with wool dyed by the flowers aforementioned; and fine linen and precious stones, which those that use costly ornaments set in ouches of gold; they brought also a great quantity of spices; for of these materials did Moses build the tabernacle, which did not at all differ from a movable and ambulatory temple. Now when these things were brought together with great diligence, (for every one was ambitious to further the work even beyond their ability,) he set architects over the works, and this by the command of G-d...” (Josephus Flavius, Antiquities of the Jews Book III 6:1)


Why do we read Parashat Shəqalim?

Shabbat Shəqalim falls on the Shabbat before Rosh odesh Adar, or Adar Bet, in a leap year. If Rosh odesh Adar falls on Shabbat, Parashat Sheqalim (the reading of the portion of the half Sheqel) is read then. The purpose of reading the portion of the half Sheqel is so that people will be reminded to bring their donations of the half Sheqel in Adar, lest we don’t give it a priority or forget.

Rashi states that the reading of parashat Sheqalim is in memory of the reading of Parashat Sheqalim that was done in Bet Hamiqdash (The Temple), which was done for the reason mentioned above. According to the Lebush and Mishna Berura, however, the reading is done in lieu of the actual donations which were made at the time of Bet Hamiqdash. Since, for our sins, we do not have a Jewish Temple in which to offer our half Sheqel, G-d accepts our reading of the Parasha of the Sheqalim in its stead.

(Rabbi Ya'aqob Menashe / ATorahMinute.Com)


A silver Tyrian half-shekel from 102 bc bearing the image of Melqart, the Tyrian Hercules. Tyre-צוֹר, today a city in south Lebanon, was ruled by the Hellenistic Seleucid Empire ‬at the time.

Rav Question - שאלת רב

David found out that his grandmother bought (with money) her conversion when she was young, so she could mary her Jewish beloved. It was done with his knowledge. Israel’s Chief Rabbinate was not aware of the freud and declared the grandmother as Jewish. Both the grandmother and her daughter, David’s mom, were married to their husbands in an Orthodox Jewish weddings approved by the Chief Rabbinate and lived as Jews. But, as David found out, his grandmother was never observant and never had any intent of being so at the time of her conversion.

Question: Is David, along with all his grandmother’s kids and grandkids, halakhically Jewish?

On the Parasha & Beyond…

Parasha – Vayakhel: Shemot (Exodus) 35:1-38:20

Historical Context: Bnei Israel's 40-year journey continues. Location: Against Har Sinai (Mount Sinai). Creation Time: 2449 (approx. 1475 bce).

Parashort: Moshe Rabbeynu exhorts the Benei Yisrael to keep Shabbat and requests donations for the materials for the construction of the Mishkan (tent of meeting). He collects gold, silver, precious stones, animal skins and yarn, as well as incense and olive oil for the Menorah and for anointing. The Princes of each of the twelve tribes bring the precious stones for the Kohen Gadol's breastplate and Ephod. HaShem appoints Betsalel and Oholi’av as the master craftsmen for the building of the Mishkan and its vessels. (Ohr Somayach)

Maftir: This week's Torah reading also includes Parshat Sh’qalim

(Exodus 30:11-16), which speaks of the half-shekel each Jew contributed to the Sanctuary.

Haftarat Sh’qalim – Kings II 11:17-12:17

Haftit: This week is the first of the four special Haftarot that we

read during the Hebrew months of Adar and Nissan. The names of these special Haftarot are: Shekalim or Shekels, Zachor-

Remember, Para – Heifer, and Parashat Hahodesh –The Month.

Parashat Shekalim is found at the beginning of Torah portion of

Parashat Ki Tisa. It teaches that the Jews were commanded to

donate coins valued at half a shekel to the Holy Temple. This

mitzvah – commandment, was performed annually for as long as

Bait Hamikdash stood. Beginning with the new moon of the month of Nissan every male over the age of twenty had to prepare his share. The reason for this donation was threefold: 1) it was used as a means of taking a census. 2) It was an affordable tax that unified all Jews in a concerted effort. 3) The funds were used to maintain the Bait Hamikdash. Similarly, in the Haftarah, King Yehoash utilizes the half shekalim collected, to fund repairs to the Bait Hamikdash. (haftorahman)

Biblical Quiz - Vayakhel

Kids: Who Built The first Jewish Temple, Beth haMikdash?

Youth: What is the meaning of his name?

Adults: How old was he when he was crowned?

Experts: What was his yearly income in today’s dollars?

Speechless in the Parasha - Vayakhel

In the fourth, fifth, and sixth aliyot, the word ahat” and “ehat” appear many times, but either way means “one” (feminine).

How many time did the ba’al kore missed the proper reading.

A Parent Question

Your child didn’t call you timely, as was agreed. Your phone calls and attempts contacting your child are not successful. You are beyond worried. An hour later, your child calls. What is the first thing that you say? What is the second thing?

A Story - of helping

In a land far away, once upon a time there was great poverty and only a few rich people could have managed to prevail the difficulties of life and to succeed. Three of those rich men, and their servants, were traveling on the same road, in a convoy, when they came to a very poor village. Seeing the poor villagers  triggered different reactions in the three rich men.

The first rich man, seeing the desperate living conditions in the village stopped immediately and gave the villagers all his food and drinks making sure that each villager received their fair share and would have enough food to revive their souls and spirit. Then, the rich man farewelled the smiling villagers and left.

The second rich man realized that food would be of help to the villagers only for a short time. So he took all the money and gold from his wagons and shared them out equally among the villagers. With the money, he said, they could buy some goods from the nearby city and will be able to be well for some time. Then, the rich man wished the happy villagers the best of luck, and left.

The third rich man, on seeing such poverty, speeded up and traveled straight through the village without stopping. The two other rich men saw this from a distance, and commented with each other how the third rich man lacked decency and compassion. It was good that they had been there to help the poor villagers…

Three days later, they met the third rich man who was traveling in the opposite direction, back towards the village. He was still traveling quickly, but his wagons, instead of the gold and valuables they were carrying, were now full of farming implements, tools, and sacks of seeds and grains. He was heading to the poor village to help them out to win poverty for ever.

Riddle Solved

At perigee — its closest approach — the moon comes as close as 225,623 miles (363,104 kilometers). At apogee — the farthest away it gets — the moon is 252,088 miles (405,696 km) from Earth. On average, the distance from Earth to the moon is about 238,855 miles (384,400 km).

Apollo missions took about three days to reach the moon. But the quickest trip to the moon was the New Horizons probe, which zipped past the moon in just 8 hours 35 minutes on its way to Pluto. However, the spacecraft didn't even slow down or approach lunar orbit. At 55 miles per hour and with no sleep, it would take about 180 full 24-hour days to travel to the moon with a car.

(wiki +)

In the Good News

- Bloomberg’s 2019 Healthiest Country Index ranked Israel as the world’s 10th healthiest nation, after Spain, Italy, Iceland, Japan, Switzerland, Sweden, Australia, Singapur, and Norway. Canada was ranked 16th, the USA 35th, and Mexico got the 53rd place.

- Of the 7,000 languages spoken in the world, 1,000 has already been extinct, and according to the UN another 2,500 are in danger of extinction. The main reason is demographic extinction, mainly in Europe, but also in Africa and the Middle East. But which language is on the rise, with 11 million speakers and growing?  Hebrew, the magic language, which was recently strengthened with the Basic Law: Israel, the nation-state of the Jewish people. Let’s work on 15 millions Hebrew speakers by 2030. It’s not in the Heavens.

Community Board

This Week’s BAN is Sponsored By:

Things That Matter

Beth Aharon AḤVA Membership Campaign – 5779 שנת אחוה

In tribute to BA’s 20 Year Anniversary (Gematria: AḤVA=Friendship=אַחְוָה), we are inviting the community to join our 5779 Membership Campaign.  Demonstrate your “friendship” and support us by being a member. This year we are looking to raise funds for a new Aron Kodesh and comfortable blue chairs for the entire Kehila.  Your presence and membership greatly enhances our Beit Knesset and b’Ezrat Hashem our Tefillot. Shana Tova.


Support Congregation Beth Aharon! Thank you for joining tefilot @ Beth Aharon. Please support Beth Aharon. Mail donations, pledges, High Holidays 5779 and membership fees to: Beth Aharon/HIR, 3700 Henry Hudson Pkwy, Bronx, NY 10463.

Check our blog to donate online and for daily updates: Email:; Phone: 917-885-4714. Tizku Leshanim Rabot V’tovot!


Fill up your Shabbat and Holiday table by inviting friends and guests. Need a table? Contact us @ for help.


Sponsor the BAN Advertise your business and support Beth Aharon’s Newsletter. Place your business card for $36 per week; $252 for 17 weeks; or $576 for 52 weeks.


CSS (Community Security Service) - The best way to say “thank you” is to join the team. To volunteer and apply for a future training, inquire with one of the team members. CSS will have a Level 1 (L1) course for CSS at the Bayit on Mondays 2/25 & 3/4 at 7:30-10:00.  Anybody interested should contact me at


Purim Costume Swap this Saturday Night 7:30-9:30 pm. All ages. For more info contact Kathy Goldstein


Support Group and Education Program for Early Stage Memory Changes @ the Riverdale Y Senior Center. Support Group Dates: 3/22, 3/29, 4/5, 4/12, 5/3, 5/10, 5/17, 5/24; Education Program Dates: 3/22, 3/29, 4/5, 4/12; Time: 10:00a-11:30a; Door-to-door transportation available. Lunch provided daily. Contact: Worker Lydia Ecker @ 800-272-3900


Purim​ with Congregation Beth Aharon @ The Bayit:

 Join Beth Aharon on erev Purim, March 20, 14 Adar Bet for Megila Reading with the hazan Yaron Babayof, Ta’anit Esther Fast-break Good-eats, Costume Contest, Prizes to best costume winners, gifts to all kids, mishlowah manot, and more.

Stay tuned for times and details.





 475 PARK AVE. SOUTH 18th FL.

 NEW YORK, NY 10016                      

 TEL: 212.398.4300  *  FAX:  212.398.4309

RIVERDALE: 718.796.2034

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201.891.3111 and  973.777.3849

Join Sensei Mike,

in affiliation with the Tora Dojo Martial Arts Association, for Martial Arts and Meditation classes @ the Bayit - for adults and kids.

Michael Fendrich:

Prayer for wellness

To Israel in captivity and Israel’s wounded bodies & souls; Reuven ben Aliza, Leah Channa bat Shifra, Yisrael Yair ben Yehudit Tzvia, Menachem ben Yehudit, Alisa bat Tsipora Malka, Yig’al ben Sulika, Rubin ben Abraham López and Ela, Adi ben Talia, Ya’akov ben Monavar, Shlomo ben Esther, Avraham Yair ben Alissa Sharon & Shmuel Dov, Naftali Yesha’ie Asheo ben Adina and Yosef Hayim, Sima bat Sionit and Sion, Shlomo ben Adina, Dov Yehuda ben Lea, Fortunee bat Na’ima Annette, Annela bat Elka, and all the sick.

Biblical Quiz - Vayakhel: Answers

Kids: King Sh’lomo.* Youth: “Peace” or “his peace.”

Adults: 12 years old. * Experts: $250,000,000 – Two hundred and fifty million dollars.

Congregation Beth Aharon is Riverdale’s Sephardic Orthodox Congregation, located at the Riverdale Bayit (HIR) Bronx, NY. We welcome all worshipers regardless of eda or level of observance. Our congregants take an active-leading role in Tefila and Kria’at haTorah.