Committee: 4th ECOSOC

Topic Area: Fostering economic development in countries emerging from conflict

Country: Romania

Delegate Name: Evaggelos Kantouris

It is a sad reality, that armed conflicts among nations or civil wars is one of the most notable threats that our society has to face. This issue that has tormented our world for many years now needs to be tackled as soon as possible as its profound negative effects leave the involved nations helpless and their economy completely devastated. Extreme poverty, underdevelopment, unemployment, diseases, discrimination, violence and loss of infrastructure are some of the problems that need to be tackled in such cases.

 As far as the economy is concerned, right before and during the conflict every type of a country’s resources gets diverted from productive activities to destruction. Concerning the impact of conflicts on a State, economy constitutes one of the main ‘victims’. That being said, the maintenance of high military expenditures combined with the nation being restrained from the global market can impede the socio-economic development dramatically. Thus, corruption and loss of transparency are escalated. In addition, after the war the country, most of the times, is found unable to deal with the cost of repairing and reconstruction of its infrastructure.

The UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) and its subsidiary bodies play a crucial role in finding working solutions to these problems. They focus on maintaining peace around the world and rebuilding the socio-economic status of war torn societies. Romania’s membership of ECOSOC has been held in many periods since 1965 and our re election for the new term 2018-2019 is possible since our country lists among the group of states that proved available to participate in peacekeeping operations and multinational military activities aiming at preserving international stability. Furthermore, Romania, following the noble principles and ideas of the UN community, has committed important resources to post-conflict reconstruction actions such as: EULEX in Kosovo, assisting judicial authorities and law enforcement in their progress towards sustainability and accountability and also in further developing and strengthening an independent multi-ethnic justice system. EUPM in BiH, assisting to establish a sustainable, professional and multi-ethnic police force to help the local police fight large-scale organized crime.

EUMM in Georgia, working towards the avoidance of renewal of an armed conflict.

Taking all the above into consideration, the delegation of Romania surely admits that conflicts can have a serious impact on the socio-economic situation of a State. It is necessary, therefore, to resolve key issues that nail the economic development as well as try to avoid and luckily stop conflicts which comprise the main cause of economic depression.

As a member of the UN and a proponent of peace we demand the peremptory stop of any conflicts that may occur and suggest fostering dialogue in finding working solutions so as to prevent any declaration of wars.

Moreover, we believe that by building bridges and trust within the international community through cooperation among developed and developing countries, big steps on reducing any type of conflicts will be achieved.

Furthermore, the delegation of Romania highly believes that by educating the underdeveloped countries and by the existence of any operation that can make this action easier, the young generation would be able to change their countries policies as education will allow them to use their critical thinking in terms of curbing any action that could lead to armed conflicts among other nations or even civil wars and hopefully adopt the idea of world peace.

Finally, Romania shows its full dedication and support to any Non Governmental and Governmental organization that its main priority is to tackle this problem with working solutions and promotes the enhancements of partnerships with relevant UN bodies as well as NGOs.