ICS Calendar Title: With/Out Reason: Art and Imagination in the Western Tradition

ICS Course Code: ICS 220106 F17

Instructor: Dr. Rebekah Smick

Term and Year: Tuesdays 1:45-4:45 pm,  Fall 2017

Last Updated: February 5, 2016. Note: This is not the final version.

1. Course Description

2. Reading Schedule

3. Course Requirements

4. Required Readings

5. Some Recommended Readings

1. Course Description

In everyday language, imagination is something we associate with human creativity as it gets expressed in all areas of knowledge and across all disciplines. Yet, underlying this association is the enduring notion that the imagination utilizes thought processes more germane to the arts than to the sciences. Through an examination of key texts, this course will explore the special relationship of the arts to the concept of the imagination in the history of Western thought. It will also consider the implications this relationship has had for art’s role in the areas of theology and ethics, areas where reason has been thought to fail in providing adequate knowledge.

Course Objectives:

2. Reading Schedule


1. Sept 12


2. Sept 19

  • Plato, The Republic, Book VI; Timaeus, 70e-72
  • Aristotle, De Anima, iii, 3 (427b)

3. Sept 26



  • Epictectus, The Moral Discourses, I.xx.5-7, xxvii.1-2; II.xviii.25-26; III.xxiv.108
  • Augustine, De Trinitate

4. Oct 3



  • Avicenna, Shifã (Healing), Physics, Part 6: Psychology. Book 4, chaps. 1-3 and Selections on Estimation
  • Richard of St Victor. The Twelve Patriarchs

5. Oct 10



  • Bonaventure, The Journey of the Mind to God

6. Oct 17



  • Shakespeare, William, A Midsummer-Night’s Dream
  •  Spenser, Edmund, Faerie Queene. Book 6

Oct 23-27

Reading Week – no class

7. Oct 31


  • Descartes, René, Discourse on Method and Meditations on First Philosophy. Book VI

8. Nov 7



  • Kant, Immanuel, Critique of Pure Reason. A120; B151/2
  • Heidegger, “The Transcendental Power of the Imagination”

9. Nov 14



  • Kant, Immanuel, Critique of Judgment

10. Nov  21


  • Schelling, Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph, The Philosophy of Art
  • Blake, William, “Jerusalem” and “A Vision of the Last Judgement”

11. Nov 28



  • Coleridge, Biographia Literaria, Chap. 13-14
  • Wordsworth, The Prelude, Books XII, XIII, XIV

12. Dec 5



  • Sartre, The Psychology of Imagination

13. Dec 12


  • Derrida,  Double Session, pp. 187-218
  • Ricoeur, The Metaphorical Process as Cognition, Imagination, and Feeling


3. Course Requirements

4. Required Readings

Plato. The Republic, Book VI; Timaeus, 70e-72. In Complete Works. Eds. John M. and D.S. Hutchinson. Indianapolis, Ind.: Hackett, 1997. [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: B358 .C3 1997]

Aristotle. De Anima, iii, 3 (427b). In The Complete Works of Aristotle. Ed. Jonathan Barnes. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1984. [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: B407 .S5 1984 REF v.1-2]

Epitectus. Discourses, I.xx.5-7, xxvii.1-2; II.xviii.25-26; III.xxiv.108. In Moral Discourses. Enchiridion and fragments. Trans. E. Carter. Ed. W.H.D. Rouse. London: Dent, 1957. [Robarts Library: B561 D5 E65 1957]

Augustine. On the Trinity: Books 8-15. Cambridge Texts in the History of Philosophy. Trans. G.B. Mathews. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002. [ICS Library: BR65 .A52 E6 2002 ; Robarts Library: BR65 .A52 E6 2002]

Avicenna. Shifã (Healing), Physics, Part 6: Psychology. Book 4, chaps. 1-3; Selections on Estimation (Wahm). In Imagination in Medieval Philosophy. Trans. Deborah Black. [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: Readings Box ; UofT http://individual.utoronto.ca/dlblack/translations.html]

Richard of St Victor. The Twelve Patriarchs. In The Twelve Patriarchs: The Mystical Ark: Book Three of the Trinity. Trans Grover A. Zinn. New York: Paulist Press, 1979. [Regis College Library: BV4495 .C5 v.10]

Bonaventure. The Journey of the Mind to God. Trans. Philotheus Boehner. Indianapolis: Hackett, 1993. [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: BT100 .B65 1993 c.2 ; Robarts Library: BT100 .B5 1993]

Shakespeare, William. A Midsummer-Night’s Dream. Ed. R.A. Foakes. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1984. [Robarts Library: PR2827 .A2 F6 1984]

Spenser, Edmund. Faerie Queene. Book 6. Ed. A.C. Hamilton. Harlow, England: Pearson/ Longman, 2007. [Robarts Library: PR2358 .A2 H27 2007]

Descartes, René. Discourse on Method and Meditations on First Philosophy. Book VI. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1968. [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: B1848 E5 S8]

Kant, Immanuel. Critique of Pure Reason. A120; B151/2. Trans. Norman Kemp Smith. London: Macmillan Education, 1989. [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: B2778 .E5 S6 1933a]

Heidegger, Martin. “The Transcendental Power of the Imagination as Root of Both Stems.” In Kant and the Problem of Metaphysics. Trans. Richard Taft. Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 1997, pp. 97-119 [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: B2799 .M5 H43 1997 ; Robarts Library: B2799 .M5 H43 1990]

Kant, Immanuel. Critique of Judgment. Trans. Werner Pluhar. Indianapolis: Hackett, 1987. [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: B2783 .E5 B52]

Schelling, Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph. The Philosophy of Art. In Continental Aesthetics: Romanticism to Postmodernism, An Anthology. Ed. R. Kearney and D. Rasmussen. Oxford: Blackwell, 2001. [Victoria University, Pratt Library: BH221 .E853 C66 2001]

Blake, William. “Jerusalem” and “A Vision of the Last Judgement” in The Complete Poetry and Prose of William Blake, ed. David V. Erdman (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2008), pp. 146-148 and 554-566. [Robarts Library: PR4141 .E7 2008]

Coleridge, Biographia Literaria: Biographical Sketches of my Literary Life and Opinions. Chap. 13-14. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1983. [St. Michael's College Library: PR4470 1969 v.7]

Wordsworth, The Prelude, or Growth of a Poet’s Mind. Books XI, XII, XIII. Ed. Jonathan Wordsworth. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1995. [Robarts Library: PR5864 .A2 W62 1995]

Sartre, Jean-Paul. The Psychology of Imagination. Trans. B. Frechtman. London; New York: Rider, 1950. [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: BF408 .S263]

Derrida, Jacques. “The Double Session.” In Dissemination. Trans. Barbara Johnson. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1981, pp. 187-218. [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: PN176 .D47313]

Ricoeur, Paul. The Metaphorical Process as Cognition, Imagination, and Feeling. In On Metaphor. Ed. Sheldon Sacks. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1979, pp. 141-157. [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: PN228 .M4]

5. Some Recommended Readings

Altieri, Charles. “Jean-Paul Sartre: The Engaged Imagination.” In The Quest for

Imagination: Essays in Twentieth Century Esthetic Criticism. Ed. O.B. Hardison.Cleveland: Case Western University Press, 1971. [Robarts Library: BH201 .Q47 1971]

Bate, Walter Jackson. “The Sympathetic Imagination in Eighteenth-Century English Criticism.” English Literary History 12.2 (1945), 144-164. [UofT Online Journal: http://go.utlib.ca/cat/7705290]

Black, Deborah. “Estimation (Wahm) in Avicenna: The Logical and Psychological Dimensions.”Dialogue. Canadian Philosophical Review/Revue canadienne de philosophie 32 (1993):219-258 [Robarts Library: B1 .D48]

Brann, Eva T.H. The World of the Imagination: Sum and Substance. Lanham, Md:

Rowman and Littlefield, 1991. [Robarts Library: B105 .I49 B72 1991]

Bundy, Murray Wright. The Theory of Imagination in Classical and Mediaeval Thought. Urbana: University of Illinois, 1927. [Robarts Library: BF408 .B85 1928]

Carruthers, Mary. The Book of Memory. Cambridge Studies in Medieval Literature 10. Cambridge University Press, 1990. [Knox College Library: BF371 .C325 1990]

Cocking, J.M. Imagination: A Study in the History of Ideas. London: Routledge, 1991. [UofT online: http://go.utlib.ca/cat/7231879]

Crawford, Donald. “Kant’s Theory of Creative Imagination.” In Essays in Kant’s

Aesthetics. Eds. Ted Cohen and Paul Guyer. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1982. [Robarts Library: B2799 .A4 E87]

Djuth, Marianne. “Veiled and Unveiled Beauty: The Role of the Imagination in

Augustine’s Aesthetics.” In Theological Studies, 68 (2007), 77-91. [UofT online: http://go.utlib.ca/cat/7759687]

Ellrodt, Robert. “Fundamental Modes of Thought, Imagination and Sensibility in the Poetry of Edmund Spenser.” Spenser Studies, 20 (2005), 1-21. [Robarts Library: PR2362 .A45]

Engell, J. The Creative Imagination: Enlightenment to Romanticism. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1981. [Regis College Library: B105 .I49 E53 1981]

Engmann, Joyce. “Imagination and Truth in Aristotle.” Journal of the History of

Philosophy, 14 (1976), pp. 259-265. [UofT online: http://go.utlib.ca/cat/7727888]

Harvey, E.R. The Inward Wits: Psychological Theory in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. London: Warburg Institute, 1975. [Robarts Library: BF81 .H28]

Heidegger, Martin. Kant and the Problem of Metaphysics. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1990. [Robarts Library: B2799 .M5 H43 1990]

Gibbons, Sarah L. Kant's theory of imagination: bridging gaps in judgement and experience.Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994. [Robarts Library: B2799 .I55 G52 1994]

Johnson, Mark. The Body in the Mind: The Bodily Basis of Meaning, Imagination, and Reason. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987. [Robarts Library: B105 .M4 J64 1987]

____________. “The Imaginative Basis of Meaning and Cognition.” In Images of Memory. Eds. S. Küchler and W. Melion. Smithsonian, 1991. [Robarts Library: BF378 .S65 I43 1991]

Kearney, Richard. The Wake of Imagination. Routledge, 1998. [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: PN56 .I45 K43 1994]

______________. Poetics of Imagining: Modern to Postmodern. Fordham University Press, 1998. [Regis College Library: B105 .I49 K43 1998]

Kieran, Matthew. “Art, Imagination, and the Cultivation of Morals.” The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 54.4 (1996), 337-351. [UofT online journal: http://go.utlib.ca/cat/7722535]

Kosslyn, Stephen M. et al. “On the Demystification of Mental Imagery.” In Imagery. Ed. N. Block. MIT Press, 1981, 207-244. [Robarts Library: BF367 .I453]

Llewelyn, John. The Hypocritical Imagination: Between Kant and Levinas. London: Routledge, 2000. [Robarts Library: B2799 .I55 L57 2000]

Lyons, John D. “Descartes and the Modern Imagination.” Philosophy and Literature 23.2 (1999), 302-312. [UofT online journal: http://go.utlib.ca/cat/7744171]

Minnis, Alastair J. “Langland’s Ymaginatif and Late Medieval Theories of Imagination.”

Comparative Criticism 3 (1981), pp. 71-102. [Robarts Library: PN863 .C55]

Nussbaum, M.C. Fragility of Goodness: Luck and Ethics in Greek Tragedy and Philosophy. Cambridge University Press, 1986. [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: BJ192 .N8]

Nussbaum, M.C. “The Role of Phantasia in Aristotle’s Explanation of Action. In Aristotle’s De motu animalium. Ed. Martha Nussbaum. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1978. [Pratt Library: QL41 .A724 1978]

Onians, John. “Abstraction and Imagination in Late Antiquity.”Art History 3 (1980), 1-

24. [UofT online journal: http://go.utlib.ca/cat/7686722]

Ong, Walter. “Wit and Mystery: A Revaluation in Medieval Latin Hymnody.” Speculum 

22 (1947), 310-341. [UofT online journal: http://go.utlib.ca/cat/7756625]

Richards, I.A. Coleridge on Imagination. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2000. [Victoria University, Pratt Library: PR4487 .I6 R5 1968]

Rorty, A.O. “Imagination and Power.” In Mind in Action: Essays in the Philosophy of Mind. Ed. A.O. Rorty. Boston: Beacon Press, 1988. [Robarts Library: BF38 .R66 1988]

Scholfield, M. “Aristotle on the Imagination.” In Aristotle on Mind and the Senses. Eds. G.E.R. Lloyd and G.E.L. Owen. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1978. [Robarts Library: B491 .M5 S95 1975]

Sepper, D. L. Descartes’s Imagination: Proportion, Images, and the Activity of Thinking. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1996. [Robarts Library: B1878 .I5 S47 1996X]

Stevenson, Leslie. “Twelve Conceptions of Imagination.” British Journal of Aesthetics 43.3 (2003), 238-259. [ICS Library: PER]

Tracy, David. The Analogical Imagination. New York: Crossroad Publishing Company,

1981. [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: BT75.2 .T73]

Warnock, M. Imagination. London: Faber and Faber, 1976. [St. Michael's College Library: BF408 .W28 1980]

Watson, G. Phantasia in Classical Thought. Galway: Galway University Press, 1988. [PIMS Library: BF408 .W38 1988]

Wedin, Michael V. Mind and Imagination in Aristotle. New Haven: Yale University

Press, 1988. [Pratt Library: B491 .P8 W33 1988]

White, Alan. The Language of Imagination. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1990. [Robarts Library: B105 .I49 W45 1990]

Students with diverse learning styles and needs are welcome in this course. In particular, if you have a disability/health consideration that may require accommodations, please feel free to approach me and/or Student Services as soon as possible.

Copyright, Institute for Christian Studies. All Rights Reserved.