Selected developments in technologies to distribute, broadcast or stream audio and audiovisual content

The color code for the background is white for “traditional” broadcasting, yellow for Internet technologies, blue for technologies to make physical copies of audio and audiovisual recordings, and green for norm setting.


78 RPM records

1887

Several 19th Century inventions, early applications for a variety of uses including communications with ships at sea.  First continuous entertainment broadcast in 1916.  More ubiquitous public radio programs available in 1920s

1916

Television in France, Germany, Mexico,

1935

US commercial television broadcast

1941

33 LP records

1948

Cable television introduced in United States

1948

European Agreement on the Protection of Television Broadcasts

1960

Rome Convention

1961

Compact cassette

1962

8 track cassettes

1964

European Agreement for the Prevention of Broadcasts Transmitted from Stations Outside National Territories

1965

Brussels Convention Relating to the Distribution of Programme-Carrying Signals Transmitted by Satellite

1974

Early direct to public satellite television services

1979

Compact Discs (recorded music)

1982

WIPO UNESCO meeting on satellite broadcasting

1985

U.S. Satellite Home Viewer Act of 1988 (PL 100-667)

1988

UNESCO/WIPO, Committee Of Governmental Experts On The Evaluation And Synthesis Of Principles On Various Categories Of Works, Geneva, June 27 to July 1, 1988

1988

World Wide Web

1989

MP3 (formally MPEG-1 Audio Layer III or MPEG-2 Audio Layer III)

1993

Digital HDTV Grand Alliance

1993

European Union Council Directive 93/83 on the coordination of certain rules concerning copyright and rights related to copyright applicable to satellite broadcasting and cable retransmission 1995

1995

WTO TRIPS, article 14(3)

1995

Yahoo domain issued

1995

DVD

1996

WCT and WPPT

1996

Sohu was founded (China Internet portal)

1996

WIPO meeting in Manila on broadcasting rights

1997

Google

1998

SoundJam MP

1998

Napster

1999

Tencent QQ,  Shenzhen Tencent Computer System Co.

1999

Baidu launched in Beijing, China

2000

Apple buys SoundJam MP, renames as Itunes

2000

Creative Commons

2001

BitTorrent

2001

Apple IPod

2001

MySpace

2003

Apple Itunes store

2003

Vimeo

2004

Blu Ray

2006

Facebook

2005

YouTube

2005

Dailymotion

2005

Slingbox

2005

Amazon Unbox

2006

Twitter

2006

Netflix begins streaming video on demand

2007

Hulu

2007

Apple IPhone 1.0

2007

Spotify

2008

Newsy

2008

iQiyi founded (largest online Chinese video site)

2010

Instagram

2010

Apple IPad

2010

HBO Go

2010

Twitch TV

2011

Snapchat

2011

Apple Siri

2011

Beijing Treaty for Performers

2012

Zoom Video Communications

2013

Amazon Alexa

2014

Amazon acquires Twitch TV

2014

American Broadcasting Companies, Inc., et al., Petitioners v. Aereo, Inc., f.k.a. Bamboom Labs, Inc. 2014

2014

Globo Play

2015

BAMTech Media, owned by MLB, clients include the NHL, HBO Now, the PGA Tour, Riot Games, WatchESPN, PlayStation Vue, WWE Network, Eurosport).

2015

GRULAC SCCR Proposal for Analysis of Copyright Related to the Digital Environment, SCCR/31/4

2015

Amazon Video launched worldwide (except for Mainland China, Cuba, Iran, North Korea, Syria)

2016

Hulu TV

2017

Amazon streams certain NFL games live

2017

Disney acquires 75 percent stake in BAMTech Media

2017

Youtube TV

2018

Facebook Watch made available worldwide

2018

Amazon Wins Exclusive U.K. Rights to Broadcast Some Premier League Matches

2018

Facebook acquires rights to broadcast La Liga football matches in India, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bhutan, Nepal and the Maldives.

2018

SiriusXM acquires Pandora

2018

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