The BAN – Beth Aharon Newsletter

Riverdale’s Sephardic Congregation @ The Riverdale Bayit - 3700 Henry Hudson Parkway, Bronx NY 10463

Shabbat Matot-Masעe haShalom from Beth Aharon @ the Riverdale Bayit:

August 3, 2019 | ב’ אב תשע"ט - Issue #5779: 45

Zəmanim & Services

Parashat Matot-Masעe

3 August 2019 * 2 Av 5779

Candle Lighting - 7:53pm

Earliest Candle Lighting: 6:40pm Minḥa/Kabbalat-Shabbat/Arvit - 7:00pm

Shaḥarit - 8:30am * Latest Shəma - 9:27am

Kiddush - 11:25am

Parasha Limud - 6:35pm

Zohar - 7:25pm * Minḥa - 7:30pm

Se’uda Shelishit / Shiur - 8:00pm

Shəki’a - 8:10pm * Arvit - 8:50pm

Tset Hakokhavim / Havdala - 8:55pm

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Regular Week Prayers (Tefilat Avraham)

Shaḥarit: Sun: 8:30am *  Mon/Thu: 6:40, 8:00am * Tue/Wed/Fri: 6:45, 8:00am

Minḥa/Arvit: Sun-Thu: 7:55pm

Picture of the Week

A general sketch of the Desert Journey

In the Beginning

ISRAEL ACTION COMMITTEE

The Bayit has formed an Israel Action Committee to deepen our bond with Medinat Yisrael and counteract today’s campaigns of misinformation and outright hatred directed against the Jewish people. Please join us on Sunday, August 25, at 8 pm for our first open meeting at the Bayit, when committees will be formed on fighting BDS and anti-Semitism; providing opportunities to deepen our connection to Israel; promoting involvement in effective pro-Israel organizations; developing Israeli-U.S. cultural exchanges, and publicity-communications. For more information, e-mail us at israelaction@thebayit.org

This Shabbat & Beyond

odesh Av of Comfort, Building, and Growth.

Təfilat ‘Erev Shabbat @7:00pm

Shaḥarit @ 8:30am ● First Kadish: 8:55am

Shəma‘ Yisrael: 9:15am - all kids participate! ● Youth Groups: See the Bayit Bulletin for all programs ● Parasha: 9:45am

Yimlokh: 10:40am - All kids are welcome to join!  

Dvar Torah: 10:45am - Rav Tov

Kiddush is sponsored by Debbie & Gil Boosidan in memory of Debbie’s father: Shlomo Ben Bina Feldlaufer z”l.

Rəfuaa Shəlema to all the Bayit’s sick and to Israel’s injured bodies & souls. List is on the back page.

Many Thanks to the potluckers on supporting kiddush last shabbat; Rav Avraham Unger of Dvar Torah.

Happy Birthday to Av and... YOU!

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Listening Room: 6:00pm with Myra Estelle at the LBM.

Parasha Limud: 6:35pm - Balaq. At the main lobby with Livya.

After Minḥa Mila baParasha: Understanding a word in our parasha. This week “Kalev ben Yefune - כָּלֵב בֶּן-יְפֻנֶּה” - What does the name mean; is it related to kelev, a dog; who was his father; and was he the first zionist? Basic (and love of) Hebrew is sufficient. At the 2BM.

After Minḥa Daf baTalmud: Daf Yomi on 3FL. Temura.

After Minḥa Shiur baHayim: Shiur in the main sanctuary.

More news on the back.

The weekly Riddle

How far can a fox run into the woods if he/she is in good shape? All the way, half way, 100 feet, or it would depend on the number of trees.

(Guess before you take a peek. The answer on the back page)

From the Rabbis and Beyond…

Rav Ovadia Yosef z”l  

ovadia.jpg

אכילת בשר ושתית יין מראש חודש אב

מבואר במשנה במסכת תענית (דף כו:) שגזרו חכמים, שבערב תשעה באב, דהיינו בסעודה המפסקת, שהיא הסעודה האחרונה שאוכל לפני התענית, אין לאכול בשר, וכן אין לשתות יין, ולא יאכל אדם שני תבשילין, כגון אורז וביצה וכדומה, אלא תבשיל אחד בלבד.

ומבואר מן הדברים כי אין איסור מן הדין באכילת בשר אלא בסעודה המפסקת בלבד. ומכל מקום נהגו ישראל שלא לאכול בשר כלל, מיום ראש חודש אב ועד יום עשירי באב. ומנהגים אלו נזכרו כבר בדברי הגאונים ורבותינו הראשונים, ופשטו בכל ישראל. ואין חילוק בענין זה בין בשר בהמה לבשר עוף, שבכל אופן אסור לאכלו, ואפילו תבשיל שנתבשל עם בשר, כגון מרק, אף על פי שהוציאו ממנו את הבשר, אין לשתות ממנו, מפני טעם הבשר שיש בו. אבל דגים אינם בכלל האיסור ומותר לאכלם.

אכילת בשר ביום ראש חודש וביום עשירי באב

מנהג הספרדים להקל באכילת בשר ביום ראש חודש אב עצמו, כפי שביארנו בהלכה הקודמת, אבל האשכנזים נוהגים להחמיר אף ביום ראש חודש אב. ובזה הספרדים מיקלים יותר מהאשכנזים. ולעומת זאת לגבי אכילת בשר ביום עשירי באב, מנהג הספרדים להחמיר שלא לאכול בשר ביום עשירי באב כולו, ולמנהג האשכנזים יש להקל באכילת בשר ושתיית יין מיום עשירי באב אחר חצות היום.

מנהג התימנים בענין אכילת בשר

מנהג אחינו בני תימן, בכל ארצות תימן, שלא היו נמנעים מאכילת בשר ושתיית יין, אלא בסעודה מפסקת של ערב תשעה באב, שכן הוא עיקר דין התלמוד. אולם עתה שזכו לעלות לארץ ישראל, וכאן המנהג פשוט להחמיר בזה בכל תשעת הימים, כתב מרן רבינו עובדיה יוסף זצוק"ל, שעליהם לנהוג בזה כמנהג ארץ ישראל, ואסור לפרוץ גדר בזה, ובפרט שכאן ניכר יותר ענין החורבן, שרואים עין בעין מקום חורבן הבית, ואז בודאי שייך יותר לנהוג איסור בדבר. (חזון עובדיה עמוד קע).

אכילת בשר בערב שבת

בשבתות שבתוך תשעת הימים, אוכלים בשר, ומותר לטעום בערב שבת מהתבשילים שיש בהם בשר כדי לתקן את המאכל (כגון להוסיף מלח וכדומה) ויש מיקלים לטעום מן המאכלים של שבת אף שלא לצורך, לפי שעל פי דברי המקובלים יש ענין גדול לטעום ממאכלי השבת, ומרן רבינו עובדיה יוסף זצוק"ל כתב שיש להקל בזה, ומכל מקום המחמיר תבוא עליו ברכה.

אכילת בשר שנותר משבת

כתב מרן רבינו זצוק"ל, שאם נשאר בשר מן המאכלים שבשלו לכבוד שבת, מותר לאכול מהם במוצאי שבת ב"סעודה רביעית" שהיא הסעודה שאוכלים במוצאי שבת. והמיקל לאכול מבשר זה שנשאר מסעודת שבת אף בשאר ימות השבוע, יש לו על מה שיסמוך, ולקטנים שלא הגיעו לגיל מצוות יש להקל באכילת בשר שנשאר משבת אף בימות החול. (אך בתנאי שלא יבשל לכתחילה כמות גדולה לשבת בכדי שישאר לו בשר לימות החול). ולילדים קטנים מאוד שאינם מבינים כלל את משמעות חורבן הבית, מותר לתת אף לכתחילה בשר בימים אלו, ומותר לבשל עבורם בשר בשבוע זה שחל בו תשעה באב.

אדם חלש הזקוק לאכילת בשר

חולה, אף על פי שאין בו סכנה, מותר לו לאכול בשר בימים אלו. וכן יולדת תוך שלושים יום ללידתה מותרת באכילת בשר. וכן מינקת שהתינוק שלה חלש, ואם תמנע מאכילת בשר יוכל הדבר להשפיע לרעה על בריאות הילד, מותרת באכילת בשר. וכן מעוברת שסובלת הרבה בהריונה יש להקל לה לאכול בשר בימים אלו. אבל אדם בריא שאוכל בשר בזמן שנוהגים בו איסור, גדול עוונו מנשוא, והרי הוא פורץ גדר, ועונשו גדול.

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 מנהגי הטבעונים והצמחונים

 הטבעונים והצמחונים למיניהם מנהגם להמשיך ולא לאכול בשר במשך שלושת השבועות כדרכם במשך השנה, הואיל ולדעתם אין השמחה שרויה באכילת בשר.

Hodesh Av - אָב‎‎

"Hodesh Av," the Month of Av, is referred to in the Bible as the "Fifth Month," counting from Nisan, the "First Month." There is a Biblical reference in BaMidbar (33:38), where we find "And Aharon the Priest went up to Hor Hahar at the command of G-d, and he died there in the fortieth year after the Jewish People had left Egypt, in the fifth month, on the first of the month." (BaMidbar 33:38).

Like the other names of the jewish months, the name “Av” comes from Babylon. In akkadian it means “reed” (the plant) and  and in Babylonian it means “fire,“ possibly referring to the hot weather during this time. Stay cool. (wiki)

The Zodiac Sign of the Month is the Lion.

 It is quite possible and likely that this is related to the verse in Eikhah, which we read on Tish’a b’Av - "He is a lurking bear to me, a lion in hiding."

דֹּב אֹרֵב הוּא לִי [כ אַרְיֵה] [ק אֲרִי] בְּמִסְתָּרִים׃

We pray for the time that those "wild animals" will be chased away, or their natures will be changed, as foretold by Yesha`yahu, "The wolf will live with the sheep, and the leopard will lie down with the kid; and a calf, a young lion and a young sheep will walk together, and a young child will lead them. A cow and a bear will graze and their young will lie down together; and the lion, like cattle, will eat hay.” (ou.org)

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The Nine Days

 “When Av begins, we diminish [our] rejoicing" (Talmud, Ta’anit 26b).

 On the 1st of Av, "The Three Weeks" mourning period over the destruction of the Holy Temple - which began 13 days earlier on Tammuz 17 - enters an intensified stage. During "The Nine Days" from Av 1st to the Ninth of Av, a heightened degree of mourning7 contemplation is observed. The particular mourning customs vary from community to community.

Rav Question - שאלת רב

When Hodesh Av enters we decrease our joy. One way is by not eating meat, because according to wide perception eating meat makes people happy.

Should vegans on their part avoid tofu or another dish they like so they can participate in this culinary avoidance? Or meat is mentioned by the sages just as another opportunity to limit meat consumption, such as kosher animals laws, rules of sacrifices, rules of shehita, etc.?!

In the Good News

- Over 100,000 olim - immigrants to Israel - were converted to Judaism by The Israeli Rabanut over the last 70 years, since the creation of the Jewish State. This is is a high number, given the Rabanut strictness, and B”H will be tenfold higher in years to come. Ken Yirbu.

On the Parasha & Beyond…

Parasha: Matot-Mas’ei - Bamidbar(Numbers) 30:2--36:13

Historical Context: Creation Time: 2487 (1437 bce).

Bnei Israel's 40-year journey is close to an end as they encamped in the plains of Moab, across the Jordan from Jericho.

Parashort: Moshe conveys the laws governing the annulment of vows to the heads of the tribes of Israel. War is waged against Midian for their role in plotting the moral destruction of Israel, and the Torah gives a detailed account of the war spoils and how they were allocated. The tribes of Reuben and Gad (and later also half of of Menashe) ask for the lands east of the Jordan as their portion in the Promised Land. The forty-two journeys and encampments of Israel are listed, from the Exodus to their encampment on the plains of Moab across the river from the Land of Canaan. The boundaries of the Promised Land are given, and cities of refuge are designated as havens and places of exile for inadvertent murderers. The daughters of Tselofhad marry within their own tribe of Menasseh, so that the estate which they inherit from their father should not pass to another tribe. (chabad.org)

Biblical Quiz: Matot-Masעe

Kids: How old was Aharon when he died?

Teenagers: G-d swore that no men who left Egypt and that were over the age of 20 would see the land of Israel. Then, he made 2 exceptions. Who are the exceptional people?

Adults: What are the 2 mitsvot in this week's parasha?

Experts: How many cities in total were given to the Levites? Outside the cities of the Levites, how much land was to be provided, how was it divided, and what was each part to be used for?

Haftara: 3 Weeks (2) - Yirmiyahu (Jeremiah) 1:1-2:3

Haftara in Short: Yirmiyahu warns Yisrael that they have committed two great sins against G-d. First, they have abandoned G-d and second, they are worshipping idols. Yirmiyahu warns Yisrael that they will be severely punished. He says that it is their own fault that they are being punished. As always the Haftara ends on a happy note. G-d says "If you Yisrael, return to me and remove your abominations from before me, and you do not waver, if you swear “as G-d lives in truth, justice and righteousness" the nations of the world will bless themselves by you and praise themselves through you.

Connection to the Parasha: The Haftara is the second of three Haftarot that we read before Tisha Be’av describing the Temple's destruction and the exile of the Jewish people. (haftoraman)

Biblical Quiz - Answers: Matot-Masעe

Kids: 123.

Teenagers: Kalev ben Yefune, Yehushua Bin Non were allowed to enter and Moshe was allowed to see it from across the Jordan River.

Adults: The precept of the Law of Nullifying Vows and that we should not break our word in vows that we make.

Experts: 48 cities. 2000 cubits each to the East, West, North, and South, divided into two parts; the first 1000 cubits was to be left open or for cattle grazing, and the other 1000 cubits was to be for vineyards and planting.

A Parasha Bite - Matot-mas’e 

This week we read Matot-Mas’e and in Israel only Mas’e. Parashat Mas’e begins with Moshe describing the 40-year journeys of B’nei Yisrael in the desert. B’nei Yisrael are now about to enter the Promised Land, and are making the last preparations.

The fourth portion of the parasha lists the names of the heads of the 12 Tribes who, along with with Yehoshua Bin Nun and El’azar the Kohen, will lead Benei Yisrael to the Holy Land.

The leader whose name is mentioned first is Kalev ben Yefune, the head of the Tribe of Yehuda. Why would a person have a strange name such as “Kalev,” which sounds like the Hebrew name for a dog, “kelev”?!  

The name Yehuda has a clear meaning. It means “l’hodot to Hashem” or to thank G-d. After Yehuda we are called nowadays Yehudim.

The name Yefune comes from “lifnot” - to turn and walk in different path. The sages tell us that Kalev turned away from the not-good advise of the 10 scouts that were sent by Moshe, along with him and Yehoshua, to spy out the Promised Land. Kalev turned away from them, and chose to trust and follow G-d and that’s why he also got the name Yefune.

And what about the name Kalev? In semitic languages, to which Hebrew belongs, the roots k.l.v. - כ.ל.ב. was related to “‘eved’ - meaning a slave or servant. Kalev was a “slave” - a servant of Hashem. He was faithful to God’s commands and followed God’s path.

May we all worship Hashem with faith and happiness and merit to see more and more of the rebuilt of Jerusalem in our days.

Shabbat shel Shalom and Hodesh Tov. tbs.

Rega’ shel Ivrit

The word Takhles - תַּכְלֶס - it’s a Yidish word in a very common use in modern Hebrew. Takhles means the practical details of a matter, "brass tacks" - as in, "Let's get down to brass tacks" - or simply the “bottom line.”

Takhles comes from the Hebrew word - תכלית takhlít - meaning purpose, aim, object; end, or limit, which its Yiddish counterpart is  תַּכְלֶס tákhles.  ***(With thanks to Martin Elsky :)

Daf Bite  –   טעם דף

Temura 12a-b: Losing Track of a Grave

A beit haperas is a place the Sages decreed ritually impure, as though it were a cemetery. The law of a beit haperas teaches that a field that has doubtful status regarding ritual defilement of a dead body must be treated stringently. When we know that there was a grave in a given field, when that field is plowed the doubtful ritual status may be created either because we fear that the plowing may have dislodged bones that now may be spread throughout the field or that the grave was “lost” and we cannot be certain where the body is buried.

Speechless in the Parasha: Matot-Masעe

In our parasha 7 stories that seem to be unrelated. Can you find a common thread?

Community Board

This Week’s BAN is Sponsored By:

Things That Matter

Beth Aharon AḤVA Membership Campaign – 5779 שנת אחוה

In tribute to BA’s 20 Year Anniversary (Gematria: AḤVA=Friendship=אַחְוָה), please remember to join our 5779 Membership Campaign so we can fund a new Aron Kodesh. Your presence and membership greatly enhances our Bet Kneset and b’Ezrat Hashem our Tefillot.

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Support Congregation Beth Aharon! Thank you for joining tefilot @ Beth Aharon. Please support Beth Aharon. Mail donations, pledges, High Holidays 5779 and membership fees to: Beth Aharon/HIR, 3700 Henry Hudson Pkwy, Bronx, NY 10463.

Check our blog to donate online and for daily updates: bethaharon.blogspot.com.ANd9GcQ9j_0gsquc7GDppBRsEGt5JAUDSjCscSkOhqq3_fjWxYTk4zaPSAContact: Email: bethaharon@gmail.com; Phone: 917-885-4714. Tizku Leshanim Rabot V’tovot!

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Fill up your Shabbat and Holiday table by inviting friends and guests. Need a table? Contact us @ bethaharon@gmail.com 

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Sponsor the BAN Advertise your business and support Beth Aharon’s Newsletter. Place your business card for $36 per week; $252 for 17 weeks; or $576 for 52 weeks.

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Community Security Service (CSS) Thank you to all our CSS volunteers. During the summer months, your willingness to stand outside in extreme heat is greatly appreciated. The extra shifts you work while many of the team members are on vacation is especially appreciated. The best thank you to give is to become part of the team. The more volunteers we have, the fewer times each year any one person has to serve. Ready to sign up for the next training course? Questions? Please contact Tzvi Bar-Shai at tzvib@thecss.org.

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Important Security Note - Since the tragic events in Pittsburgh, the Bayit hires security guards each week for Friday night and Shabbat morning. This is a substantial increase in the shul’s expenses. Please consider an additional gift to the shul to help cover the costs.  Donate online at www.thebayit.org/security.

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Food Collection for Thish’a b’Av Hesed Project - we will be preparing jars with hearty soup mix for the BJCC food pantry. We are collecting donations of different ingredients for this chesed project until July 31st . Please drop-off at the Bayit's coat room the following items: non MSG soup mix, lentils, split peas, barley, and small elbow pasta. Questions? Contact Yael Oshinsky, program associate atyael@thebayit.org or 718-796-4730 x116.

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Saturday Night - Sunday, August 10 - 11: Tisha B’Av 5779 Join us for meaningful programming on the fast of Tisha’ B’Av. Motsee Shabbat Av 10, August 10: Fast Begins: 8:01pm; Arvit and Ekha: 9:15pm Sunday, August 11: Shaharit: 8:00am; Youth Program: 8:30am - 1:00pm; Shiurim: 11:00am - 1:00pm; Hesed Opportunity: 1:00pm - 1:45pm;  Film Series: 2:30 - 7:10pm; Minha: 7:00pm; Arvit: 8:00pm; Fast Ends: 8:45pm.

A Moment of BAN

Don’t ban. Engage. Listen. Learn. Communicate.

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Time to Smile  

Why did the teddy bear say no to dessert?

Because he was stuffed.

Riddle Solved 1

Only halfway, otherwise it would be running out of the woods!

Prayer for wellness

To Israel in captivity and Israel’s wounded bodies & souls; Reuven ben Aliza, Menachem ben Yehudit, Yig’al ben Sulika, Rubin ben Abraham López & Ela, Avraham ben Avraham, Adi ben Talia, Yosef Shelomo ben Ester & Yitshak Rofe, Naftali ben Esther.

Congregation Beth Aharon is Riverdale’s Sephardic Orthodox Congregation, located at the Riverdale Bayit (HIR) Bronx, NY. We welcome all worshipers regardless of eda or level of observance. Our congregants take an active-leading role in Tefila and Kria’at haTorah.