The BAN – Beth Aharon Newsletter

Riverdale’s Sephardic Congregation @ The Riverdale Bayit - 3700 Henry Hudson Parkway, Bronx NY 10463

Shabbat Təruma la’Shalom from Beth Aharon:

February 9, 2019 | ד’ אדר א’ תשע"ט - Issue #5779: 22

Zəmanim & Services

Shabbat Parashat Təruma

9 February 2019 * 4 Adar I 5779

Candle Lighting - 5:03pm

Minḥa/Kabbalat-Shabbat/Arvit - 5:13pm

Shaḥarit - 8:30am

Latest Shəma - 9:33am

Kiddush - 11:25am

Parasha Limud - 4:15pm

Zohar - 4:40pm * Minḥa - 4:45pm

Shiur & Səuda Shəlishit - 5:15pm

Shəki’a - 5:23pm * Arvit - 6:03pm

Tset Hakokhavim /Havdala - 6:08pm


Regular Week Prayers (Tefilat Avraham)

Shaḥarit: Sun: 8:30am *  Mon/Thu: 6:40, 8:00am * Tue/Wed/Fri: 6:45, 8:00am

Minḥa/Arvit: Sun-Thu: 5:15pm

Picture of the Week

Old Olive Tree. Some call it "The Thinking Tree" some "The Old Man With The Beard" - Puglia, Italy.

   - משנכנס אדר מרבין בשמחה :)                    

                          - ומשנכנסים אדריים מרבים בשמחתיים :) :)

This Shabbat & Beyond

Beth Aharon Annual Erev Shabbat Dinner - Join Beth Aharon at our annual Erev-Shabbat Dinner at the Bayit’s Avraham & Sarah Tent on Erev-Shabbat Parashat Teruma, February 8 after Tefila, around 6:30.

Tefilat Erev Shabbat @ 5:10pm @ Tefilat Avraham & Sara.

Shaḥarit @ 8:30am ● First Kadish: 8:55am ● Shəma‘ Yisrael: 9:10am - all kids participate! ● Youth Groups: See the Bayit Bulletin for all programs

Parasha: 9:45am ● Yimlokh: 10:40am - All kids are welcome to join!

Dvar Torah: 10:45am - Rav Dov Lerea

Kiddush: 11:25am - Kiddush is sponsored Plonit with thanks to Hashem for his great chesed.

 Before Minḥa @ 4:15pm - Parsha Limud: Təruma @ 2BM.

After Minḥa Mila baParasha: Understanding a word in our parasha. This week "Yidevenu Libo - יִדְּבֶנּוּ לִבּ֔וֹ- What does the phrase mean and which traslation is the best”? Basic (and love of) Hebrew is sufficient. At 2BM.

After Minḥa Daf baTalmud: Daf Yomi with Eli Oberstein on 3FL. Hullin.

After Minḥa Shiur baHayim: Seuda Shlishit and talk üith Dr. Leora Batnitzky at 5:00pm: From the Divine to the Human: Job in Modern Jewish Thought.

Rəfuaa Shəlema to all the Bayit’s sick and to Israel’s injured bodies & souls. List on the back page.

Many Thanks to Deborah & Rav Avraham Unger, Talia Re, Norma Pajares, and all potluckers for sponsoring kiddush last shabbat.

Kol Hakavod to President Trump on a bipartisan State of the Union address; to  the USA Congress for having the highest number of women representative in American history; To El Salvador on electing a pro-Israeli president, Nayib Bukele.

 Happy Birthday to Yair Bissor, Danny Chemaides, and... YOU!

More news on the back.

From the Rabbis and Beyond…

Rav Zvadia Cohen


לנשק ידי אביו ואמו בליל שבת

שאלה: האם יש לנשק את ידי ההורים בליל שבת, ולהתברך מפיהם, והאם יש לנהוג כן גם כלפי אביו וגם כלפי אמו?

תשובה: בגמרא במסכת עבודה זרה (דף יז.) אמרו, שהאמורא (מחכמי הגמרא) עולא, כאשר היה חוזר מבית המדרש, היה מנשק ידי אביו. ופירש רש"י, שכך דרך בני אדם, שכאשר יוצא מבית הכנסת, מנשק ידי אביו ואמו והגדולים ממנו בפס ידיהם. ובזהר הקדוש (פרשת לך לך) אמרו, שרבי אלעזר, בנו של רבי שמעון בר יוחאי, וכן כל תלמידי רבי שמעון בר יוחאי, היו מנשקים את ידיו. וכן היה נוהג רבינו האר"י כלפי אמו הצדקנית, שבכל ליל שבת היה הולך לביתה, ומנשק את ידה, והיא היתה מברכת אותו. ומכאן שרבינו האר"י גילה בזה איזה טעם על פי הקבלה, שבליל שבת דוקא יש מעלה גדולה בברכת האם ובנשיקת ידה.

ובספר שער הכוונות, הסביר את טעם הדבר על פי הקבלה, ורבותינו המקובלים עוררו הרבה על ענין זה, שכל אדם ינשק ידי אביו ואמו בליל שבת, ובפרט יש טעם לנשק את יד אמו. ואפילו אם אינו גר איתם באותו בית, מכל מקום, אם יש ביכולתו ללכת אצלם ולבקש ברכתם, טוב שיעשה כן. וכן לימד רבינ והאר"י את תלמידו רבי חיים ויטאל. וכן כתב עוד רבינו מרן החיד"א בספרו מורה באצבע, שכאשר נשק ידי אביו ואמו, יכוין שמקיים בזה מצות כיבוד הורים, וכשמנשק ידי אמו, יכוין גם שיש סוד בדבר.

ויש חילוקי מנהגים מתי הוא הזמן הראוי לברכת ההורים, שיש נוהגים בזה אחר אמירת "שלום עליכם" קודם הקידוש, ויש נוהגים שמנשקים ידי ההורים אחר הקידוש. ומנהגינו, שמנשקים ידי ההורים (כאשר ההורים נמצאים באותו בית), לאחר הקידוש, אחר שטועמים מן היין. ואז גם מברכים ההורים את בניהם ובנותיהם בכל מה שיחפוצו. ואחר כך נוטלים ידיהם לסעודה.

והאשכנזים לא נהגו בכל הכיבודים הללו, שאינם רגילים כלל בנשיקת היד, אף שהוא מנהג קדמון, וכן אינם מנשקים ידי החכמים, אלא מסתפקים בלחיצת היד ובברכה בלבד. ומכל מקום גם למנהגם יזהרו ההורים לברך את בניהם ובנותיהם בכל ליל שבת, כפי שהעיד על מנהג האשכנזים בזה הגאון רבי יעקב עמדין בסידורו. אבל הספרדים נוהגים בנשיקת היד, ואל להם לזנוח מנהג זה שיש לו שורש נכון, וכבר הזהיר על כך החסיד בעל ראשית חכמה (שער גידול בנים), שילמד כל אדם את בניו כשהם קטנים, לנשק ידי ההורים וידי הגדולים והחסידים. (וראה עוד בספר שלחן המערכת דף נו, שהביא עוד מדברי האחרונים בזה. עיין שם).

Daf Bite  –   טעם דף

Hullin 70a-b: Laws of the Firstborn

One of the many types of sanctified animals is a bekhor – a firstborn animal from kosher species – that must be given to a kohen. The kohen is obligated to bring the bekhor to the Temple in Jerusalem to be sacrificed, and he gets to eat its meat. In the event that such an animal develops a mum – a blemish that precludes it from being brought as a sacrifice – in contrast with other sanctified animals it is not redeemed and exchanged, rather it becomes the property of the kohen who can slaughter it and eat it even outside the Temple. Thus, unlike other kodashim that do not operate in the absence of a Temple, the laws of bekhor apply even today, and in theory a firstborn animal must be set aside to be given to a kohen who can make use of it after it develops a mum. (Daf Yomi from

The Weekly Riddle

How many members of USA Congress are there; How many in the House of Representatives and how many in the Senate; How many in each of them are women; When was the first woman elected to Congress; What was her name? .

 (Guess before you take a peek. The answer is on the back page.)

Of Tradition

“Because of our traditions, we’ve kept our balance for many, many years. Here in Anatevka, we have traditions for everything: how to sleep, how to eat… how to work… how to wear clothes. For instance, we always keep our heads covered, and always wear a little prayer shawl that shows our constant devotion to God. You may ask, ‘How did this tradition get started?’ I’ll tell you!”

- Tevye, “Fiddler on the Roof”


Adar Sign - Dagim / Pisces

2,354 years ago in Persia, Haman plotted the genocide of the Jewish People. Haman consulted the stars to see which month would be the most propitious for executing his murderous plan. He found that the month of Adar, whose sign is Dagim (Pisces), which means "fish," contained no special merit for the Jews. Thus, he surmised, that just like a fish, he could "swallow" his prey - the Jewish People. The fact that death had "swallowed" Moses on the seventh day of Adar lent support to his hypothesis. However, Haman had forgotten two small points: Moses was also born on the seventh of Adar; and it's true that fish can swallow up their prey - but they can also get swallowed up by bigger fish!

Which is exactly what happened to Haman and his crew. All their plans were turned upside down, and Haman and his family were hung on the exact same gallows which he had prepared for Mordekhai. This total turnabout of events is symbolized by the two fish, swimming in opposite directions, which is the sign of Dagim. (

A Moment of BAN

Mom: “Kids, I did a DNA test today...”

Kids: “Mom, why do you need to know your genetics?! We are all Abraham and Sarah's children!”

Rav Question - שאלת רב

Why did G-d command to built a place on earth for Him? Isn’t He everywhere? Why limit His presence toone place?

On the Parasha & Beyond…

Parashat Təruma: Shemot (Exodus)25:1-27:19

Historical Context: Bnei Israel's 40-year journey continues. Location: Against Har Sinai (Mount Sinai). Creation Time: 2448 (1494 bce). Bnei Yisrael leave Mitsrayim, camp in front of Har Sinai, receive the Torah and get instructions to build the Mishkan. Moshe is 81 years old.

Parashort: Bnei Yisrael gather at Mount Sinai. G-d announces the desire to have a Sanctuary as a place for worship, and began giving detailed instructions as to how it should be built.

(Torah Productions)

Haftara: Təruma - Yesha’yahu (Isaiah) 66:1-24

Haftit: Our Haftarah starts with the mention of King Solomon’s Great wisdom. We continue with King Solomon and Hiram, King of Tyre (Located in what is Lebanon today) having a peace treaty. King Solomon recruits 30,000 men to work in Lebanon. He rotated 10,000 at a time. He sent each man up to Lebanon for one month and then they got to stay home for two months. There were 150,000 men working on the Temple with 3,300 supervisors. They started with moving huge stones to build the foundation of the Temple. We learn that 480 years after the Exodus and in the fourth year of King Solomon’s rule (he was 16 at the time) he started building the temple.

Connection to the Parsha: The Parasha tells us about the construction of the Mishkan (traveling temple), which housed the sacred objects of the Jewish people. The Mishkan contained the Ark of the Covenant with its Cherubim, the Ten Commandments, the Menorah, and the Sacrificial Altar. In the Haftarah we read about the building of the Bait Hamikdash, the Holy Temple which replaced the Mishkan after 480 years. (

Speechless in the Parasha: Təruma

The items needed for the building of the Mishkan - the Tabernacle - and varied and many, and G-d commands that each person will give in accordance to his/her heart.

Imagine that you are taking part in the contributions. What object/s would you have given?

Biblical Quiz: Təruma

Kids: Who was Yesha’ayahu (Isaiah)?

Youth: What is the meaning of the name Yesha’ayahu?

Adults: What is the meaning of the word "Terumah" as it relates to this parsha?

Adults 2: Of what was the Holy Ark made?

Experts: Which prophets were Yesha’ayahu’s contemporaries?


A Parent Question

When our kids come back from school, what is first question we ask them? Is it the best question?

How often to we say: “Tell me please about the best part of your day!”

Ktav Parasha - Teruma 

This week’s parashat Teruma tells of God's command to make the Mishkan - the Tabernacle - and its furnishings. At the start of the parasha, G-d commands Moshe to tell Bnei Yisrael to make a contribution - teruma - for the purpose of building the mishkan.

Who should give, what is to be donated, and how much should be contributed? This question is not part of the Biblical text, but the answer is given as part of the command: “m’et kol ish asher yidevenu libo - מֵאֵ֤ת כָּל־אִישׁ֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר יִדְּבֶ֣נּוּ לִבּ֔וֹ.”

This phrase is not so easy to translate and indeed there are various English translations:

“Of every man that gives it willingly with his heart.”

“Of every man whose heart maketh him willing.”

“Of every man that offereth of his own accord.”

“Of everyone whose heart prompteth him.”

“From everyone whose heart prompts them to give.”

“From all whose hearts are moved to offer them.”

“From every man whose heart moves him.”

“From everyone who is willing to give.”

“From every person whose heart moves him to give.”

“From every person motivated by a willing heart.”

“From everyone whose heart makes him willing.”

“From every man whose heart impelleth him.”

“From every person whose heart so moves him.”

“From every person whose heart inspires him to generosity.”

“Whatever contribution each person freely gives.”

Nevertheless, despite the seeming unclarity, the verse is easily understood. It simply means that contribution for the most sacred or for what is important for us should be given willingly from those who desire to give, what they are willing to give, and as much as they want or can give, and maybe also we can add when they desire to give - מי שרוצה, מה שהוא רוצה, כמה שהוא רוצה, ומתי שהוא רוצה, in tekhles Hebrew.

Of course there are areas of necessities and quantities and timing is important too. But the underlying message is clear: giving willingly as one desires.

And that’s what we do for our own Mishkan - our Community. We contribute and give. Willingly, each one in his/her own way, each one based on his/her own ability, and each one in accordance to his/her own desire, following their heart and their mind.

Shabbat shel Shalom. tbs

Riddle Solved

The USA Congress has 535 voting members: 435 are members of the House of Representatives and called Representatives and 100 are members of the Senate and are called Senators.  

The current 116th United States Congress met first on January 3, 2019 and will end on January 3, 2021.

To date, 56 women have served in the US Senate, with 25 serving at this time, making it 25% of the Senators.

Over 300 women have served as US Representatives, with 102 serving today, making women 23.4% of the total Representatives.

Representative Jeannette Rankin a Republican of Montana became the first woman to serve in Congress, in 1917.

The first Senator woman was Rebecca Latimer Felton, a Democrat of Georgia, elected in 1922.

Community Board

This Week’s BAN is Sponsored By:

Things That Matter

Beth Aharon AḤVA Membership Campaign – 5779 שנת אחוה

In tribute to BA’s 20 Year Anniversary (Gematria: AḤVA=Friendship=אַחְוָה), we are inviting the community to join our 5779 Membership Campaign.  Demonstrate your “friendship” and support us by being a member. This year we are looking to raise funds for a new Aron Kodesh and comfortable blue chairs for the entire Kehila.  Your presence and membership greatly enhances our Beit Knesset and b’Ezrat Hashem our Tefillot. Shana Tova.


Support Congregation Beth Aharon! Thank you for joining tefilot @ Beth Aharon. Please support Beth Aharon. Mail donations, pledges, High Holidays 5779 and membership fees to: Beth Aharon/HIR, 3700 Henry Hudson Pkwy, Bronx, NY 10463.

Check our blog to donate online and for daily updates: Email:; Phone: 917-885-4714. Tizku Leshanim Rabot V’tovot!


Fill up your Shabbat and Holiday table by inviting friends and guests. Need a table? Contact us @ for help.


Sponsor the BAN Advertise your business and support Beth Aharon’s Newsletter. Place your business card for $36 per week; $252 for 17 weeks; or $576 for 52 weeks.


CSS (Community Security Service) - The best way to say “thank you” is to join the team. To volunteer and apply for a future training, inquire with one of the team members.


Beth Aharon-HIR Annual Guest Speaker Shabbat & Luncheon, Shabbat Sekalim Parashat Vayakhel - March 2 with Rav Elie Abadie, MD - Join us for a Sephardi flavoured shabbat & luncheon as we explore the Syrian & the Sephardic world @ the BAyit:

Dvar Torah: Parashat Vayakhel-Shekalim - Shabbat Morning before Musaf @ 10:45am @ Beth Aharon's Tefila - 2BM;  

Lecture: Judaism's Fourth Denomination. A personal and historical journey of a Syrian Jew and of the Sephardic Jews - During RSVP Luncheon: $28 Adult (13+) $14 Child (4-12). Register @ 

Talk: The Syrian Edict and The Bnei Anusim: Meaning and Impact - @ 5:30pm during Seuda Shelishit @ Social Hall after MInha.

   Looking forward to seeing you all!


Support Group and Education Program for Early Stage Memory Changes @ the Riverdale Y Senior Center. Support Group Dates: 3/22, 3/29, 4/5, 4/12, 5/3, 5/10, 5/17, 5/24; Education Program Dates: 3/22, 3/29, 4/5, 4/12; Time: 10:00a-11:30a; Door-to-door transportation available. Lunch provided daily. Contact: Worker Lydia Ecker @ 800-272-3900


Yeshivat Ashreinu Second Annual Scholarship Breakfast - Sunday Feb. 10th, 10am-11am @ the historic WeWork Bryant Ballroom - 54 West 40th Street, NYC. Torah Award: Jacob Hershkowitz; Chesed Award: Andrew Bergman; Erets Yisrael Award: Yoshi Gadasi; Details & Support:





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Prayer for wellness

To Israel in captivity and Israel’s wounded bodies & souls; Reuven ben Aliza, Leah Channa bat Shifra, Yisrael Yair ben Yehudit Tzvia, Menachem ben Yehudit, Alisa bat Tsipora Malka, Yig’al ben Sulika, Rubin ben Abraham López and Ela, Adi ben Talia, Ya’akov ben Monavar, Shlomo ben Esther, Avraham Yair ben Alissa Sharon & Shmuel Dov, Naftali Yesha’ie Asheo ben Adina and Yosef Hayim, Sima bat Sionit and Sion, Shlomo ben Adina, Dov Yehuda ben Lea, Fortunee bat Na’ima Annette, Annela bat Elka, and all the sick.

Biblical Quiz Answers: Təruma

Kids: A Jewish Prophet who lived in the eighth century BCE, and foresaw the fall of the Kingdom of Yisrael.

Youth: The meaning is “Salvation of G-d”.

Adults: That which is lifted off, or separated, in this case as a contribution to the requirements of the Sanctuary.

Adults 2: Acacia-wood overlaid with pure gold.

Experts:  Three other prophets were Yishayahu’s contemporaries: Hosea, Amos, and Micah.

Time to Smile  

It seems that the next Israeli Kneset will be without a Hazan and without a Gabay.

(For Israelis :)  

Congregation Beth Aharon is Riverdale’s Sephardic Orthodox Congregation, located at the Riverdale Bayit (HIR) Bronx, NY. We welcome all worshipers regardless of eda or level of observance. Our congregants take an active-leading role in Tefila and Kria’at haTorah.

Mom: “Kids, I did a DNA test today...”

Kids: “Mom, why do you need to know your genetics?! We are all Abraham and Sarah's children!”

Mom: “True! By the way kids, you are adopted!”

Kids: ... (silent, looking at mom waiting for a smile...)

All: (laughing)