The BAN – Beth Aharon Newsletter

Riverdale’s Sephardic Congregation @ The Riverdale Bayit - 3700 Henry Hudson Parkway, Bronx NY 10463

Shabbat Re’eh Elul of Shalom from Beth Aharon @ the Riverdale Bayit:

August 31, 2019 | ל’ אב תשע"ט - Issue #5779: 49

Zəmanim & Services

Shabbat Rosh odesh Elul

Parashat Re’eh

31 August 2019 * 30 Av 5779

Earliest Candle Lighting: 6:09pm

Minḥa/Kabbalat-Shabbat/Arvit - 7:00pm

Candle Lighting - 7:14pm

Shaḥarit - 8:30am * Latest Shəma - 9:38am

Zohar -6:50pm * Minḥa - 6:55pm

Se’uda Shelishit / Shiur - 7:25pm

Shəki’a - 7:30pm * Arvit - 8:10pm

Tset Hakokhavim / Havdala - 8:15pm

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Regular Week Prayers (Tefilat Avraham)

Shaḥarit: Sun: 8:30am *  Mon/Thu: 6:40, 8:00am * Tue/Wed/Fri: 6:45, 8:00am

Minḥa/Arvit: Sun: 7:00 * Mon-Thu: 7:15pm

Picture of the Week

A Moment of BAN

“What's easy for you in life is your shliut-mission, and what’s hard for you in life is your tikkun-ratification” - HaAri

odesh Elul Tov!

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This Shabbat we welcome Rosh Hodesh Elul. R”H Elul yavo ‘alenu lətova b”H this Shabbat and Sunday, August 31st and September 1st.

This Shabbat Re’eh: From Ḥazon to Ḥazzan

Ḥazzan: Join Beth Aharon this Shabbat as we celebrate the arrival of Rosh Ḥodesh Elul with a special Sephardic Ḥazzan-In-Residence David Rubinstein. We will enjoy Ḥazzan David’s special melodies across Kabbalat Shabbat, Shaḥarit/Hallel/Musaf, and Zemirot Shabbat during Se’uda Shəlishit.

Beth Aharon is honored to have joining us for Shabbat the renowned Ḥazzan David Rubinstein who loves the beautiful prayers of all Jewish customs even though he specializes in the Ḥazzanut of the Levant including Syria. Over Shabbatot and Ḥagim, David has served as the guest Ḥazzan in Sephardic communities in Manhattan, Long Beach, and New Rochelle, New York as well as in Cincinnati, Ohio and Boston. He studied Ḥazzanut at Yeshiva University’s Belz School of Jewish Music. Originally from Boston, David and his wife Miriam live in the non-Riverdale part of the Bronx.

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Dvar Torah: 10:45am - Rabbi Dr. Jeffrey Kobrin. Rabbi Korbin is the Rosh HaYeshiva / Head of School of the North Shore Hebrew Academy in Great Neck, NY.  He has a BA from Columbia College, an MA from Columbia University, semikha from Rabbi Zalman Nechemia Goldberg and RIETS, and a PhD from Teachers College at Columbia University.  He has lived in Riverdale for twenty years with his wife Michelle Greenberg-Kobrin and their four daughters.

This Shabbat & Beyond

Təfilat ‘Erev Shabbat: 7:00pm ● Shaḥarit: 8:30am ● First Kadish: 8:55am

Shəma‘ Yisrael: 9:15am - all kids participate! ● Youth Groups: See the Bayit Bulletin for all programs ● Parasha: 9:45am ● Yimlokh: 10:40am - All kids are welcome to join!

Dvar Torah: 10:45am - Rabbi Dr. Jeffrey Kobrin.

● Kiddush: 11:25am - Kiddush this shabbat is sponsored by the Small family in memory Frederique-Rivka's father David ben Meir Tahar z”l; by Sandra and Sam Sigal in honor of their kids; by the Aharon family in celebration of Hodesh Elul; and by Almoni in honor of Hashem.

After Kiddush: Free talk about life and seeing.

Listening Room: 5:30pm with Myra Estelle at the LBM.

Parasha Limud: 5:30pm with Livya Tinestit-Weiss at the ML.

Se’uda Shelishit: 7:00pm. Join us for shabbat’s 3rd Meal, words of Torah, and Zemirot Shabbat with Ḥazzan David Rubinstein.

After Minḥa Mila baParasha: Understanding a word in our parasha. This week “Re’eh - רְאֵ֗ה” - What does the word mean; to look, see, pay attention, think, or else; and who is commanded to “see?” Basic (and love of :) Hebrew is sufficient. At the 2BM.

After Minḥa Daf baTalmud: Daf Yomi on 3FL. Temura.

After Minḥa Shiur baHayim: Shiur in the main sanctuary. ● More news on the back.

From the Rabbis and More…

Rav Ovadia Yosef z”l   ovadia.jpg

נאמר בספר ישעיה (פרק נח) "וְקָרָאתָ לַשַּׁבָּת עֹנֶג". מכאן שמצוה על כל אדם, לענג את השבת כפי כוחו.

ומכיון שמצוה זו לא נזכרה בצורה מפורשת בתורה, אלא בדברי הנביא, כתב הרמב"ם שאין מצוה זו מן התורה אלא מתקנת רבותינו שתקנו כן. ומכל מקום חובה על כל אדם להזהר הרבה במצוה זו ששכרה מפורש בהמשך דברי הנביא, "אָז תִּתְעַנַּג עַל ה' וְהִרְכַּבְתִּיךָ עַל בָּמותֵי אָרֶץ וְהַאֲכַלְתִּיךָ נַחֲלַת יַעֲקֹב אָבִיךָ...". ומכאן למד רבי יוחנן בשם רבי יוסי בגמרא במסכת שבת (דף קיז.) "כל המענג את השבת נותנים לו נחלה בלי מצרים".

יש מרבותינו הראשונים, ומהם הרשב"א והריב"ש, שסוברים שמצות "עונג שבת" היא מצוה מן התורה ממש, שהרי השבת אף היא בכלל שאר החגים "מקראי קודש" שנזכרו בתורה, ויש לקדשם ולכבדם בכסות (בגד) נקייה, ולענגם בעונג אכילה ושתיה.

ויש שפירשו שמצוה זו היא מן התורה אף על פי שלא נזכרה כלל בתורה, מכל מקום למדוה רבותינו "הלכה למשה מסיני" והרי היא כמצוה מן התורה.

ואלו דברי הרמב"ם (הלכות שבת, פרק ל') השייכים לענינינו:

"אֵיזֶה הוּא עִנּוּג?  זֶה שֶׁאָמְרוּ חֲכָמִים, שֶׁצָּרִיךְ לְתַקַּן תַּבְשִׁיל שָׁמֵן בְּיוֹתֵר, וּמַשְׁקֶה מְבֻשָּׂם, הַכֹּל לַשַּׁבָּת, הַכֹּל לְפִי מְמוֹנוֹ שֶׁל אָדָם. וְכָל הַמַּרְבֶּה בְּהוֹצָאַת שַׁבָּת וּבְתִקּוּן מַאֲכָלִים רַבִּים וְטוֹבִים, הֲרֵי זֶה מְשֻׁבָּח.  וְאִם אֵין יָדוֹ מַשֶּׂגֶת, אַפִלּוּ עָשָׂה שׁלָק וְכַיּוֹצֶא בּוֹ מִשּׁוֹם כְּבוֹד הַשַּׁבָּת, הֲרֵי זֶה עֹנֶג שַׁבָּת. וְאֵינוּ חַיָּב לְהָצֵר לְעַצְמוֹ, וְלִשְׁאֹל מֵאֲחֵרִים כְּדֵי לְהַרְבּוֹת בְּמַאֲכַל שַׁבָּת.  אָמְרוּ חֲכָמִים הָרִאשׁוֹנִים, עֲשֵׂה שַׁבָּתְךָ כַּחֹל וְאַל תִּצְטָרַךְ לַבְּרִיּוֹת."

ובגמרא האריכו הרבה במעלת המענג את השבת ומכבדה כפי כוחו, והביאו מעשה ביוסף מוקיר שבת, שהיה גר בשכנותו איש עסקים עשיר בכיסו אך עני בליבו. פעם אחת אמרו לו יועציו, עתיד יוסף שכנך לקבל את כל נכסיך. מיד הלך העשיר ומכר את הרבה מנכסיו ובמעות שקיבל קנה מרגלית יקרה מאד, אשר ערכה בפז לא יסולה, ושיבץ את אותה מרגלית בתוך כובעו אשר לראשו, במטרה לשמור היטב על נכסיו בכדי שלא יעברו לרשות שכנו יוסף.

 עד שיום אחד היה הולך בגשר אשר על הנהר בעירו וכובעו חבוש על ראשו, נשבה שם רוח חזקה, עף כובעו של אותו עשיר ונפל בתוך הנהר. בא דג אחד, ובלע את הכובע והמרגלית בתוכו, אירע הדבר והדייגים שבאותה העיר מצאו את אותו הדג סמוך לכניסת השבת. אמרו, מי יקנה מאיתנו דג בשעה כזו? אמרו להם, לכו אל יוסף, שמתוך כך שהוא מכבד את השבת אף שבודאי כבר מוכנים אצלו דגים לשבת, מכל מקום אם יראה דג משובח כל כך יקנה גם אותו לכבוד שבת. ואכן כאשר הובא הדג אל יוסף, ביקש לקנותו לכבוד שבת. וכאשר פתח את בטנו קודם הבישול, מצא בו מרגלית יקרה. פגשו אליהו הנביא הנגלה לפעמים אל הצדיקים אמר לו: "מי שמענג את השבת, השבת מענגת אותו."

ומכל מקום אין לאדם ללוות יותר מדי לכבוד שבת אם אין לאל ידו לפרוע בדרך הטבע את חובו.

Daf Bite  –   טעם דף

Karetot 8a-b: Sacrifices Following Births

A woman who had given birth several times and then visits the Temple was obligated to bring a set of sacrifices for each of her births. This led to a rise in the price of these birds, which was a great hardship for the women (or the man:). The Mishna relates:

It once happened in Jerusalem that the price of a pair of doves rose to a golden dinar. Said Rabban Shimon ben Gamliel “I swear by this abode of the Divine Presence, I shall not go to sleep tonight until the price is in silver dinars!” Then he entered the beit din and taught: If a woman had five definite births or five definite discharges, she brings one offering, and may then partake of sacrificial meat, and she is not bound to bring the other offerings. As a result, the price of a pair of birds stood at a quarter of a silver dinar each. (steinsaltz.org)

The weekly Riddle

Who runs faster, a rabbit or a turtle; who lives longer, a turtle or a rabbit?

(Guess before you take a peek. The answer on the back page)

In the Beginning

Originally seliḥot consisted mainly of Biblical passages and were instituted only for the Day of Atonement, Yom Kippur, the main object of that day's service being to implore God's forgiveness for man's sins. The service itself was called "Seder Seliḥah" (Eliyahu Zuṭa, ch. xxiii.). In the course of time New-Year's Day, Rosh ha-Shanah, being... the Day of Judgment, Yom ha-Din"), came to be regarded as the precursor of Yom Kippur. Consequently penitence and supplication for God's mercy were felt to be necessary on that day also. The recitation of such prayers was then extended to several days before the New-Year, as well as to the entire month of Elul, as is the custom of Sephardim. (jewishencyclopedia.com +)

Elul

As the last month of the Jewish year, Elul is traditionally a time of introspection and stocktaking -- a time to review one's deeds and spiritual progress over the past year and prepare for the upcoming "Days of Awe" of Rosh HaShanah and Yom Kippur.

As the month of Divine Mercy and Forgiveness, it is a most opportune time for teshuva ("return" to G-d), prayer, charity, and increased Ahavat Yisrael (love for a fellow Jew) in the quest for self-improvement and coming closer to G-d. (chabad.org)

The Zodiac Sign of the Month is the "Maiden," because of the verse, (Yirmiyahu 31:20), "…Return, O Maiden of Israel, return to these cities of yours!" Because this month is set aside for return to G-d and repentance. (ou.org)

Time to Smile  

  Meanwhile, when Dad is texting:

On the Parasha & Beyond…

Parasha: Re’eh - D’varim (Deuteronomy): 11:26-16:17

Historical Context: Creation Time: 2487 (1437 BCE).

Bnei Israel's 40-year journey is close to an end as they encamped in the plains of Moab, across the Jordan from Jericho, on the first day of the 12th month of the 40th year.

Parashort: Moshe continues his summing address to Bnei Yisrael. In the name of G-d, Moshe tells to Bnei Yisrael, "I place before you today a blessing and a curse" - the blessing will come when they fulfill G-d's commandments, and the curse if they abandon them. Laws concerning the Land are given. A Temple should be established to G-d for the people to bring their sacrifices; It is permitted to slaughter animals elsewhere not as a sacrifice but to eat their meat; the blood, however, may not be eaten. A false prophet should be put to death; an idolatrous city must be destroyed. The identifying signs for kosher and non-kosher animals are repeated. A tenth of all produce is to be eaten in Jerusalem, or else exchanged for money with which food is purchased and eaten there. The Mitsva of charity obligates Bnei Israel to aid a needy fellow with a gift or loan. Every seventh year all loans are to be forgiven and all indentured servants are to be set free. On the three pilgrimage festivals - Pesah, Shavuot and Sukkot - we all should go to "see and be seen" before G-d in the Jerusalem. (chabad.org)

Maftir: This shabbat is Rosh Hodesh Elul. We read Maftir for Rosh Hodesh in Numbers 28:9-15

Haftara: ... or haftarot

Səpharadim: 3rd of 7 - Yesha’ayahu (Isaiah), 54:11-55:5

Haftit: “Aniya So’ara Lo Nuhamah…” Yesha’ayahu declares that Jerusalem will be rebuilt with gemstones like rubies and sapphires. All the Jerusalem’s children will be students of G-d and they will enjoy an eternal peace and spiritual greatness. Israel need not fear their enemies if they follow G-d’s commands. G-d offered eternal Covenant as Israel existence is G-d’s witness.

Connection to the Parasha: The haftara is the third of seven haftarot known as the “Seven of Consolation or Nehama.” This series starts after Tish’aa be’Av and run until Shabbat Shuva, the Shabbat before Rosh Hashanah. During this time, concentration should be on repentance, improving one’s behavior, and spiritual uplifting. (Haftorahman)

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Ashkenazim: Rosh Hodesh - Yeshayahu (Isaiah), 66:1-24

Haftarashort: Hashem does not desire sacrifices from the wicked or impure sacrifices in Bet Hamikdash. Good Judeans who bring pure sacrifices need not fear Hashem’s wrath, for Hashem will bring a state of peace to Jerusalem. Jerusalem will flourish with the ingathering of the Jewish exiles. Hashem would not bring them this far to let them down. Hashem will punish the wicked and  all the nations will help bring back the remaining Bne Yisrael to Jerusalem from many distant lands via several forms of transportation. Isaiah concludes his Book with a positive thought: All the righteous people will find comfort in the rebuilt city of Jerusalem. (haftorahman)

Connection to the Parasha: None. The Haftara for Shabbat Rosh Hodesh is a special Haftara read when Rosh Hodesh falls on Shabbat. We read this Haftara because of the pasuk (verse) it contains (1:23) “It will come to pass that every Rosh Hodesh and every Shabbat, all of mankind will come and bow before Me, Hashem.”

Speechless in the Parasha: Re’eh

In our parasha G-d commands us to be joyous - שמח on our holidays. How many times does it say to be joyous?

Does it also say to eat a lot?

Biblical Quiz: Re’eh

Kids: How do we know when fish is kosher? * Teenagers: If an animal died on its own, what could a Jew do with it?  

Adults: In which parasha were the laws of kashrut given the first time? * Experts: In which book of the bible is the name Elul mentioned? * Rabbis: Which haftara do we read this shabbat: the 3 of 7, or rosh hodesh?

Rav Question - שאלת רב

How can we tell a false prophet? How can we stop an untrue talker? Should we correct every false teller?

Rega’ shel ’Ivrit - רגע של עברית

‘Amir Peretz, the head of Israel’s Labor Party, had a proud mustache for 42 years! This week he gave it a big goodbye.

The reason Peretz gave is that, since the upper lip was a bit covered, deaf people who use leap-reading had a hard time reading his lips. Others mentioned that the reason was to show a more modern look or a refreshed image, much needed before the upcoming Israeli elections on September 17. Maybe it is both.

What’s the adjective to describe a man or woman (to be inclusive:) who has a mustache? In english the word is mustached, like bearded is the word for a person with a beard.

The Hebrew word is “מְשֻׂפָּם - məsupam” with a pah (p) and not a pheh (f), as many Israelis think.

Other words in the same mishkal-structure are: מְסֻפָּר, מְאֻפָּס, מְאֻפָּר, מְחֻפָּשׂ, מְטֻפָּשׁ, מְעֻפָּשׁ, מְרֻפָּד, מְשֻׁפָּר, מְסֻכָּן.

Btw, Peretz’ upper lip its so thin that it didn’t help much lip-readers...maybe lip plumping?  

In the Good News

- Outfielder Cleveland Indians star Yasiel Puig visits the Camp Simcha kids in New York’s Catskill Mountains on Monday.

- After 71 Years, Israel and Japan will have straight flights between Tel-Aviv and Tokio. Flight to start in Spring 2020.

- July’s unemployment rate in Israel hit a historic law - 3.7% among the general workforce and 3.3% among 25 to 64 year olds.

A Story - of next week and next time

Next week will be the intersection-הִצטַלְבוּת of the Hebrew date, the civil calendar date and the day of the week. In other words, Yom Rishon, the first day of the week (Sunday) will be also Alef (the first of) Elul and also the first of September (September one)... and so on until Saturday. Next time we will see a similar thing is within 49 years, in July 2068. We will be waiting patiently...

Biblical Quiz - Answers: Re’eh

Kids: when it has fins and scales. Teenagers: Give it to a stranger within the city’s gates, or sell it to a foreigner. Adults: Parashat Shmini; Book Vayikra; Chapter 11. Experts: “So the wall was finished in the twenty and fifth day of the month Elul, in fifty and two days.” (Nehemia 6:15). Rabbis: Sephardim read the 3rd Haftara of the 7 weeks; Ashkenazim read Haftarat Rosh Hodesh.

Community Board

This Week’s BAN is Sponsored By:

Things That Matter

Beth Aharon AḤVA Membership Campaign – 5779 שנת אחוה

In tribute to BA’s 20 Year Anniversary (Gematria: AḤVA=Friendship=אַחְוָה), please remember to join our 5779 Membership Campaign so we can fund a new Aron Kodesh. Your presence and membership greatly enhances our Bet Kneset and b’Ezrat Hashem our Tefillot.

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Support Congregation Beth Aharon! Thank you for joining tefilot @ Beth Aharon. Please support Beth Aharon. Mail donations, pledges, High Holidays 5779 and membership fees to: Beth Aharon/HIR, 3700 Henry Hudson Pkwy, Bronx, NY 10463.

Check our blog to donate online and for daily updates: bethaharon.blogspot.com.ANd9GcQ9j_0gsquc7GDppBRsEGt5JAUDSjCscSkOhqq3_fjWxYTk4zaPSAContact: Email: bethaharon@gmail.com; Phone: 917-885-4714. Tizku Leshanim Rabot V’tovot!

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Fill up your Shabbat and Holiday table by inviting friends and guests. Need a table? Contact us @ bethaharon@gmail.com 

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Sponsor the BAN Advertise your business and support Beth Aharon’s Newsletter. Place your business card for $36 per week; $252 for 17 weeks; or $576 for 52 weeks.

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Community Security Service (CSS) Thank you to all our CSS volunteers. The more volunteers we have, the fewer times each year any one person has to serve. Ready to sign up for the next training course? Questions? Please contact Tzvi Bar-Shai at tzvib@thecss.org.

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Huge Liebig Avenue Garage Sale on Sunday, September 15, bet. 10am-3pm, on Liebig Avenue Between 259 Street and Mosholu Avenue. Join and enjoy!

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September-Elul Kiddush will take place B”H on Shabbat September 15-Elul 14 - Sponsors are welcome and needed.

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Hakhnasat Sefer Torah opportunity: The family of Yona Kalzan, sister of our friend Judy Zalicha, started a project of writing and hakhnasat sefer Torah for Yona’s refuaa Shelema. To participate or contact Kobi Zalicha @ yazalicha@gmail.com 

Donation link here: MotherHealth

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Ḥesed opportunity - Looking for a 2 bedroom apartment in Riverdale or Manhattan for 5-6 months for a family here from Israel for pediatric cancer treatment. Parents and two kids ages 4 and 6. Need ASAP. Please text or email Sara at Kochavim; an organization dedicated to brightening the darkness of illness. 917.533.8036 or info@kochavimcare.org

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Elul Lectures: Exploring Radical Change w/Bayit Rabbinic Team: Tuesday Mornings - 10AM - September 3, 10, 17, 24

Repeated Wednesday Evenings 8PM - September 4, 11, 18, 25

Congregation Beth Aharon is Riverdale’s Sephardic Orthodox Congregation, located at the Riverdale Bayit (HIR) Bronx, NY. We welcome all worshipers regardless of eda or level of observance. Our congregants take an active-leading role in Tefila and Kria’at haTorah.

SHOSHANA M. SCHWARTZ, ESQ.

* REAL ESTATE * WILLS

* PERSONAL INJURY * SMALL BUSINESS

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 NEW YORK, NY 10016                      

 TEL: 212.398.4300  *  FAX:  212.398.4309

RIVERDALE: 718.796.2034

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Special Announcements

Our Condolences to Lisa Licht Hirsch on the passing of her father Steven M. Licht.

Azkara to Rivka’s Small father, David ben Meir Tahar z”l.

Rəfuaa Shəlema to ‘Am Yisrael wounded bodies & souls and the sick: Reuven ben Aliza, Menachem ben Yehudit, Yig’al ben Sulika, Rubin ben Abraham López & Ela, Avraham ben Avraham, Adi ben Talia, Amir ben Malka, and Naftali ben Esther.

Many Thanks to last shabbat kiddush sponsor.

Mazal Tov to Joseph Galimidi, of Beth Aharon, Riverdale, on his engagement to Shalva Lea of Paris, France

Mazl Tov to Elior Cohen and Parents Audrey & Netanel on Elior’s Bar Mitsva.

Congratulations to Israeli judoka Sagi Muki on winning the gold medal at the Judo World Championship in Tokyo on Wednesday, beating Belgium's Matthias Casse.

 Kol Hakavod to Honduras on becoming the third country to relocate its embassy in Israel to Jerusalem, following the steps of the USA and Guatemala.

Happy Birthday to Gabriel Ruben, and... YOU!

High Holidays 5780 with a Sephardic Tune @ Beth Aharon @ the BAyit

Join Beth Aharon for our traditional High Holiday Services,

Led by Rav Tomer Ronen & Assisting Hazanim @ HIR's Main Beth Midrash (LLBM)

 Rosh Hashana: Sunday Evening - September 29; Monday & Tuesday – September 30 & October 1.

Yom Kippur: Tuesday Evening- October 8; Wednesday - October 9. Stay tuned for High Holidays 5780 information: Seats reservations, fees information, and prayer schedule!

Riddle Solved

Turtles don’t run. A turtle lives lazy life, always looks bored, and can live up to age... 200! A rabbit lives energetic life, has a lot of fun, and can live up to age... 12. Which is better? :)