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MYP Glossary


Subject Group and discipline

Unit Title

MYP Year:

Unit duration:


Inquiry: Establishing the purpose of the unit


Key Concept

Related Concept

Global Context

Key Concepts Table

Related Concepts Table

Global Contexts Table

Write the Global Context and appropriate explanation and/or exploration.

Statement of inquiry

Statement of Inquiry

Inquiry questions

Inquiry questions guidance and Inquiry Questions Cheat Sheet.

Inquiry questions are drawn from, and inspired by, the Statement of Inquiry

Inquiry questions give shape and scope to an inquiry unit and help scaffold the objectives.                                                    

As the unit progresses, both teachers and students can develop additional questions to explore.






Summative Assessment

Include the unit’s objectives, listing specific strands to be addressed and assessed by the summative assessment(s). You need to use Year1, 3, or 5 objectives.

(In practice, schools often introduce Year 3 and 5 objectives in Year 2 and 4)

(Example from Group 3 Year 1)

MYP Objectives:

Objective A: Knowing and understanding

Students should be able to:

  1. Use vocabulary in context
  2. Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of subject specific content and concepts using descriptions, explanations and examples

Objective B: Investigating

Students should be able to:

  1. Explain the choice of a research question
  2. Follow an action plan to explore a research question
  3. Collect and record relevant information consistent with the research question
  4. Reflect on the research process and results

Objective C: Communicating

Students should be able to:

  1. Communicate information and ideas with clarity
  2. Organize information and ideas effectively for the task
  3. List sources of information in a way that follows the task instructions

Outline of summative assessment task(s) including assessment criteria:


Considerations for Summative Assessment Tasks                                

Summative assessment tasks are designed to provide evidence for evaluating student achievement using required MYP Subject specific assessment criteria.

Command terms are embedded in the objectives and assessment criteria of each subject group in the MYP. The outcome of using command terms is that students understand and know what to do when asked to “describe” as opposed to “discuss”, or to “infer” as opposed to “explain”.  


Command Terms



Relationship between summative assessment task(s) and statement of inquiry:


Describe how the SOI and Summative assessment are connected                                



Approaches to learning

Approaches to learning are most powerful when teachers plan and students engage with them in relation to significant and relevant content knowledge in order to develop transferable understanding.

While ATL skills are not formally assessed in the MYP, they contribute to students’ achievement in all subject groups. Teachers should provide students with regular, specific feedback on the development of ATL skills through learning engagements and that provide formative assessment.

All teachers in MYP schools are responsible for integrating and explicitly teaching ATL skills.

ATL Skills Table

In order for students to …. students must …



( What category and cluster are you going to focus?)

Research (Information Literacy)        

In order for students to (chose the objective strand from objectives box) List sources of information in a way that follows the task instructions  students must (choose the skill(s) from cluster) create references and citations, use footnotes/endnotes and construct a bibliography according to recognized conventions                 

Action: Teaching and learning through inquiry                                 


Learning Process

Look at Subject Group Overview

(Curriculum Documentation)                                 


By sharing command terms with students, teachers are able to give opportunities to practise relevant skills; to check understanding of the terms used to direct tasks; and to discuss what is expected or required, and the steps involved in completing tasks successfully. Each command term refers to specific thinking skills, practices and processes that constitute a subject or discipline, along with its content.  Most command terms are applicable across subject groups.


Command Terms

Learning experiences and teaching strategies

Students at the MYP age range learn best when their learning experiences have context and are connected to their lives and to the world that they have experienced

Teaching and learning in all IB programmes is:                                        

  • based on inquiry
  • focused on developing conceptual understanding
  • developed in local and global contexts                        
  • focused on effective teamwork and collaboration                
  • differentiated to meet the needs of all learners                         
  • informed by assessment (formative and summative).                         

*Constructivist approach to teaching and learning: implies a pedagogy that includes student inquiry into concepts through content in authentic global contexts. This pedagogy leads to the most substantial and enduring learning.


Chose strategies and learning experiences that are aligned with the unit’s statement of inquiry; help students meet subject-group objectives; support the development of effective ATL skills; and meaningfully prepare students to achieve high levels of performance in the unit’s summative assessment.


Formative assessment


Formative assessment (assessment for learning) provides teachers and students with insights into the ongoing development of knowledge, understanding, skills and attitudes

Formative assessment can also provide important opportunities for students to rehearse or refine performances of understanding as they prepare to complete summative assessment tasks.

Effective formative assessment also provides teachers and students with a way to explore personal learning styles as well as individual student strengths, challenges and preferences that can inform meaningful differentiation of learning.

Peer and self-assessment are often valuable formative assessment strategies as well as others



Teachers can differentiate teaching and learning by providing examples (work samples or task-specific clarifications of assessment criteria); structuring support (advance organizers, flexible grouping, peer relationships); establishing interim and flexible deadlines; and adjusting the pace of learning experiences.

Teachers use strategies to differentiate the content, process and outcomes of learning.

List strategies used to differentiate                                                        


Teachers need to investigate available resources and consider what additional resources might be necessary for the unit. Important resources to consider include:


  • instructional materials and classroom technologies                                                                                 
  • textbooks and other written and visual texts                                                                 
  • teaching materials developed by businesses and not-for-profit organizations                                                 
  • educational games and simulations
  • teaching aids and manipulatives
  • learning environments beyond the classroom
  • students’ diverse languages and cultures                                                                                 
  • families, experts and other primary sources in the school and the community                                        
  • school, university and community libraries
  • digital resources, including the internet.

List all the resources used during the unit                                                                                         

Reflection: Considering the planning, process and impact of the inquiry

Teachers can profitably reflect prior to teaching the unit, during teaching and after the unit has been taught. Including students in reflection on the unit is an important strategy to promote the student-centred approach to education valued in IB programmes.

Reflection in the unit planner can provide a starting point for collaborative planning, an ongoing reminder for reflective practice throughout the teaching process, and a format in which to evaluate teaching strategies and learning outcomes.                                                                 

Prior to teaching the unit

During teaching

After teaching the unit

Reflection Questions Table 

Reflection Questions Table 

Reflection Questions Table 

After finishing teaching the unit teachers can/should  use the following document to evaluate it.