The BAN – Beth Aharon Newsletter

Riverdale’s Sephardic Congregation @ The Riverdale Bayit - 3700 Henry Hudson Parkway, Bronx NY 10463

Shabbat Məvarkhim Shalom l’Para u’Shəmini from Beth Aharon @ the Riverdale Bayit:

March 30, 2019 | כ”ג אדר ב’ תשע"ט - Issue #5779: 29

Zəmanim & Services

Shabbat Məvarkhim-Para

Parashat Shəmini

30 March 2019 * 23 Adar II 5779

Candle Lighting - 6:59pm

Minḥa/Kabbalat-Shabbat/Arvit - 7:00pm

Shaḥarit - 8:30am * Latest Shəma - 9:51am

Kiddush - 11:25am

Parasha Limud - 6:30pm

Zohar - 6:25pm * Minḥa - 6:30pm

Shi’ur & Sə’uda Shəlishit - 7:00pm

Shəki’a - 7:18pm * Arvit - 7:58pm

Tset Hakokhavim /Havdala - 8:03pm

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Regular Week Prayers (Tefilat Avraham)

Shaḥarit: Sun: 8:30am *  Mon/Thu: 6:40, 8:00am * Tue/Wed/Fri: 6:45, 8:00am

Minḥa/Arvit: Sun-Thu: 7:00pm

Picture of the Week

Michel Bacos - c.1924 - 26 March 2019

In the Beginning

March 31st, marked the Alhambra Decree, the 1492 Edict of Expulsion from Spain, which was signed by the two Catholic Monarchs of Spain, Isabella I of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon, ordering the expulsion of practicing Jews from the Kingdoms of Castile and Aragon and its territories and possessions by 31 July, of that year.

The vast majority of these exiled Sephardic Jews, known as Anusim, settled in North Africa, the Middle East and the Balkans. Many fiercely preserved and passed down their rich Judaic-Spanish culture. But many more completely integrated into the ancient Mizrahi communities that existed there for over 1,000 years. In recent years, however, throughout Spain, Portugal, and South America, a growing number of descendants of the Anusim, the Bnei Anusim, are emerging, looking to reconnect with the Jewish nation and return to the Jewish faith. Millions of Zeraʿ Yisrael (Seed of Israel) are waiting to return to their roots! Can you imagine 50 million Jews in the world?! It’s coming! (timesofisrael.com / shavei.org / tbs)

This Shabbat & Beyond

Shabbat Mevarkhim Rosh odesh Nisan. Rosh odesh Nisan will come ‘alenu lətova b”H next Shabbat, April 6, stating Friday night, April 5. odesh Tov to all BAnners & Friends!

Tefilat Erev Shabbat @7:00pm ● Shaḥarit @ 8:30am ● First Kadish: 8:55am

Shəma‘ Yisrael: 9:10am - all kids participate! ● Youth Groups: See the Bayit Bulletin for all programs. ● Parasha: 9:45am ● Yimlokh: 10:40am - All kids are welcome to join! ● Dvar Torah: 10:45am - Rav Tov

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Our Condolences to the family of IDF soldier Alex Sasaki z”l of Laguna Beach, California. Alex traveled to Israel on Birthright and Israel Recharge, done community volunteering, learned at AISH, and joined the combat Golani Brigade. May he be of blessed memory.

. ● Rəfuaa Shəlema to all the Bayit’s sick and to Israel’s injured bodies & souls. List on the back page.

Many Thanks to Joseph Mahgerefteh for sponsoring kiddush last shabbat; to Yesh’aya Kalfus for his great photography.

  ● Congratulations to the Government. May harmony and prosperity and fun be part of our Great Nation. Happy Birthday to Yesha’ya Kalfus, and... YOU!

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Kiddush: Potluck kiddush this Shabbat. All processed foods must be store-sealed marked kosher.

Parasha Limud - 6:30pm

After Minḥa Mila baParasha: Understanding a word in our Parasha. This week "Matsot -מצות” - What does the word mean; can it be tasty; and why don’t we make it at home for Pesah? Basic (and love of) Hebrew is sufficient. At 2BM.

After Minḥa Daf baTalmud: Daf Yomi with Eli Oberstein on 3FL. Hullin.

After Minḥa Shiur baHayim: “Efrat: Building Bridges, Not Fences” with Oded Revivi, Mayor of Efrat and Chief Foreign Envoy of YESHA Council. In the main sanctuary. 

More news on the back.

From the Rabbis and Beyond…

ovadia.jpg

החמץ בפסח - תשע"ט

 מהות החימוץ

נאמר בתורה (שמות יג) לענין ימי הפסח: "מַצּוֹת יֵאָכֵל אֵת שִׁבְעַת הַיָּמִים וְלֹא יֵרָאֶה לְךָ חָמֵץ וְלֹא יֵרָאֶה לְךָ שְׂאֹר בְּכָל גְּבֻלֶךָ".

וענין ה"חימוץ" שאסרה התורה, הוא שבהתחבר קמח דגן עם המים, ושוהה כך זמן מתאים, משתנה ההרכב הפנימי של הקמח ומתחיל להחמיץ, ומרגע שהחמיץ, אסור אותו החמץ בפסח באכילה ובהנאה, וכן אסור ליהודי להחזיק ברשותו חמץ בימות הפסח.

קטניות

אורז וכל מיני הקטניות, ובכלל זה אפונים, חומוס, שעועית, סויה, עדשים וכדומה, מותרים בפסח, כי אין חמץ אלא בחמשת מיני דגן, חיטה, שעורה, כוסמין, שבולת שועל ושיפון. וקטניות אינן מיני דגן, אלא מיני ירק.

אולם הדבר פשוט שמאחר ומצויים לעתים שיתערבו מיני דגן בקטניות, לכן יש להזהר לברור היטב את האורז וכיוצא בו, לבל יהיו מעורבים בו חטים או שעורים וכיוצא בזה ממיני דגן, כי מצוי לפעמים במקומות שמגדלים ומייצרים בהם את האורז, שמייצרים בקרבתו גם מיני דגן, וכן בבתי האריזה של האורז, אורזים גם כן שאר מיני דגן, והם מתערבים בתוך האורז ועלולים לאסור את כל התבשיל. ולכן נוהגים לברור את האורז לפסח בתשומת לב רבה ובכובד ראש, שלש פעמים, ובשעה שילדים קטנים אינם נמצאים בסביבתם של הבודקים.

מנהג האשכנזים וכמה מקהלות הספרדים

מחמת החשש לתערובת גרגרי דגן בתוך הקטניות, נהגו האשכנזים איסור בקטניות בפסח. וכך נימנו וגזרו גדולי רבותינו שבאשכנז, לאסור באיסור גמור כל אכילת קטניות בפסח. אולם ברוב ארצות הספרדים לא נתקבל איסור זה כלל ועיקר. ואין לספרדי להחמיר על עצמו בדבר זה מכמה טעמים.

אמנם ישנם כמה מיראי ה' הספרדים שנהגו להחמיר כמנהג האשכנזים שלא לאכול אורז בפסח. ובפרט נפוץ הדבר בקרב המערבים, יוצאי מרוקו ושאר מדינות צפון אפריקה. אולם אף הם אינם מחמירים בדרך כלל, אלא באורז, אבל בשאר קטניות נוהגים היתר. ויש שנהגו לאסור אכילת חומוס גם כן.

מרן זצ"ל והרב אונטרמן זצ"ל

לפני שמרן רבינו עובדיה יוסף זצ"ל נכנס לכהן כרב ראשי לתל אביב, היתה הרבנות מפרסת חוברת הלכות לכל תושבי העיר, ושם נכתב כך: "הקטניות אסורות בפסח, והספרדים נוהגים בהם היתר". ובשנת התש"ל, לאחר שמרן זצ"ל כיהן כרב העיר, פנה אל הגאון רבי איסר יהודה אונטרמן זצ"ל, שהיה הרב הראשי האשכנזי לתל אביב (ולאחר מכן כיהן כרב ראשי לישראל), ואמר לו, מה הוא הנוסח הזה בחוברת של הרבנות? הלא הקטניות מותרות הן! לכן שינו את נוסח הדברים וכתבו כך: "הקטניות מותרות בפסח, והאשכנזים נוהגים בהן איסור". ויש לדבר זה השלכה הלכתית ברורה, כי גם לאשכנזים מותר להשהות אצלם קטניות בפסח, ולדוגמא, אשכנזים שיש להם תינוק שניזון מתחליף חלב, כגון מטרנה או סימילאק וכדומה, מותר להם בלי פקפוק להשתמש בתחליפי חלב אלה בפסח, אף על פי שהם עשויים מקטניות, רק יזהרו להשתמש בהם בזהירות ובכלים מיוחדים לתינוק. אך אין להחמיר ולומר שהקטניות אסורות לגמרי.

השאלה שמתעוררת השנה

השנה, שנת התשע"ט, ישנה שאלה מיוחדת הנוגעת לדין הקטניות בפסח. כי יום שביעי של פסח, כלומר, היום האחרון של חג הפסח, יחול ביום שישי. ומכאן עולה השאלה, האם מותר לאשכנזים לבשל בחול המועד פסח קטניות, כדי שיהיה להם מה לאכול ביום השבת שאחרי הפסח. ובשאלה זו נדון בעזרת ה' לפני פסח :)

(והשאלה שמתעוררת כל הזמן היא האם הנהגת אחדות מנהגי חמץ בפסח תוביל גם לאחדות גשמית ורוחנית של עם ישראל? tbs)

Picture of the Week - Explained

Michel Bacos (1924 - March 26, 2019) was captain of Air France Flight 139 when the plane was hijacked on June 27, 1976, by Palestinian and German terrorists. The hijacking, by the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP), was part of an international campaign of Palestinian Arab terrorism.

Bacos was awarded a medal by the Israeli government for refusing to leave his Jewish passengers behind when the terrorists released their non-Jewish hostages and offered to release Bacos and his crew, and was also a recipient of the National Order of the Legion of Honour, the highest decoration in France. In 2008 he was awarded the B'nai B'rith International "Ménoras d'Or" (Golden Menorah) and In 2016, at the age of 92, Bacos received the Moral Courage Award from the American Jewish Congress.

The flight originated in Tel Aviv and was on its way from Athens to Paris. Bacos was forced to re-route the plane, at gunpoint, to Benghazi Libya for refueling, and then to fly it in a south-eastern direction. He ultimately landed the jet at Entebbe in Uganda, with only 20 more minutes of fuel left.

The terrorists freed the 148 non-Jewish passengers, and offered to release Bacos and his crew. They felt duty-bound to remain on the plane, refused to leave, and stayed behind with the Jewish hostages. The captives were freed after 8 days in an Israeli commando raid known as Operation Entebbe.

A Moment of BAN

“The way to happiness is to pursue happiness.”

Brain Teaser

 (Guess before you take a peek. The answer is on the back page.)

Time to Smile NOT

Questions asked this week by a 7.5 year-old child living in one of the Israeli communities near the Gaza border:

“What will happen to Pim & Pimba the penguins?”

“What will happen to my erasers collection?”

“Will we win?”

Rav Question - שאלת רב

Why was the State of Israel was named “Israel” and not “Yəhuda”?

On the Parasha & Beyond…

Mila baParasha - Para

  “…There is so much pressure to be a Parah and even more so to be a Parah Adumah! One white hair and I am out... Can you imagine?!

 So I started coloring. Could you tell? Looks natural, right?

Parasha: Vayikra (Leviticus) – Sh’mini 9:1-11:47

Historical Context: Bnei Israel's 40-year journey

continues. Location: Midbar Sinai. Creation Time: 2448

(approx. 1476 bce).

Parashort: On the eighth day of the dedication ceremonies, G-d made a sign that the Divine Presence dwelled among them in the Tabernacle. Tragically, Nadav and Avihu, Aaron's oldest sons, were killed on that day. Laws of Kosher and non-Kosher animals are given, and laws of purity and impurity are recorded.

Maftir: Parah - Shabbat Parah ("Sabbath [of the] red heifer" שבת פרה) takes place on the Shabbat before Shabbat HaChodesh, in preparation for Passover. Numbers 19:1-22 describes the parah adumah ("red heifer") in the Jewish temple as part of the manner in which the kohanim and the Jewish people purified themselves so that they would be ready ("pure") to sacrifice the korban Pesach.

Haftara – Yehezkel (Ezekiel), 36:16-38

Haftit: Bnei Yisrael went to exile because of their sins of defiling the Land and the Nation of Israel. They were guilty of idol worshipping, bloodshed and adultery. After Bnei Yisrael was exiled, G-d gave Ezekiel a prophecy that would give hope to the Jews. The reason for the Jews being able to return to Israel after 70 years of exile was, NOT that the Jews had repented and earned the right of returning.  Rather, G-d did not want the enemies of Israel to say, “We succeeded in wiping out G-d’s nation.” The future spiritual renaissance will begin by G-d purifying Bnei Yisrael.

Connection to Parasha: This Shabbat is 3rd of the 4 special Shabbatot before Pesach. (Shekalim, Zakhor, Parah, Hahodesh). We read a special passage from the Torah referring to the Parah Adumah, Red Heifer. It tells us about the process of cleansing oneself from the impurity absorbed when touching a dead body. When the Holy Temple was standing, all Jews that were ritually impure cleansed themselves during this time of year, to become ritually pure in time for Passover. This enabled them to offer the Passover sacrifice. Similarly, the Haftarah describes how after the arrival of the Messiah and the rebuilding of the third and final Beit Hamikdash, G-d will purify Bnei Yisrael forever by spiritually “sprinkling upon Bnai Yisrael the purifying waters”. (haftorahman)

Parasha Quiz: Shəmini

Kids: What is the name of the prophet of our shabbat’s haftara?

Youth: What is the meaning of his name?

Teens: What was his father’s name?

Adults: Where was he born? Where did he die?

Experts: Was he Cohen, Levi, or Yisrael?

Speechless in the Parasha - Shəmini

Was Aharon silent or was he silenced?

In the Good News

- A major Greenland glacier that was one of the fastest shrinking ice and snow masses on Earth is growing again, a new NASA study finds. The Jakobshavn glacier around 2012 was retreating about 1.8 miles and thinning nearly 130 feet annually. But it started growing again at about the same rate in the past two years.

- Israeli and International researchers have discovered the world's longest salt cave in Israel. The 10 kilometers (6.2 miles) of passages and chambers inside Malham Cave, overlooking the Dead Sea, were mapped out over two years.

The desert site was near Biblical Sedom where Lot's wife was turned into a pillar of salt. Rain is expected to lengthen Malham further over time. The Malham salt cave took a 13-year record held by the Persians since 2006 with the Cave of the Three Nudes, a 6.85 kilometers (4 miles) salt cave located in Iran's Qeshm Island.

Time to Smile 

Community Board

This Week’s BAN is Sponsored By:

Things That Matter

Beth Aharon AḤVA Membership Campaign – 5779 שנת אחוה

In tribute to BA’s 20 Year Anniversary (Gematria: AḤVA=Friendship=אַחְוָה), we are inviting the community to join our 5779 Membership Campaign.  Demonstrate your “friendship” and support us by being a member. This year we are looking to raise funds for a new Aron Kodesh and comfortable blue chairs for the entire Kehila.  Your presence and membership greatly enhances our Beit Knesset and b’Ezrat Hashem our Tefillot. Shana Tova.

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Support Congregation Beth Aharon! Thank you for joining tefilot @ Beth Aharon. Please support Beth Aharon. Mail donations, pledges, High Holidays 5779 and membership fees to: Beth Aharon/HIR, 3700 Henry Hudson Pkwy, Bronx, NY 10463.

Check our blog to donate online and for daily updates: bethaharon.blogspot.com.ANd9GcQ9j_0gsquc7GDppBRsEGt5JAUDSjCscSkOhqq3_fjWxYTk4zaPSAContact: Email: bethaharon@gmail.com; Phone: 917-885-4714. Tizku Leshanim Rabot V’tovot!

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Fill up your Shabbat and Holiday table by inviting friends and guests. Need a table? Contact us @ bethaharon@gmail.com for help.

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Sponsor the BAN Advertise your business and support Beth Aharon’s Newsletter. Place your business card for $36 per week; $252 for 17 weeks; or $576 for 52 weeks.

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Women Rosh odesh Nisan Shiur will take place this Sunday March 31st @ 8:00pm @ the RJC. All are welcome.

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Programs @ the Riverdale Y: Starting Sunday, April 7 - New Art Class for 6-12 year olds at 2pm and continuing the special Inclusion Basketball Clinic for 7-16 year olds at 3:15pm. For more information, please contact. inclusion@riverdaley.org.  

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Help Leav to help the Afya Foundation in providing disaster relief for those who are struggling. Leav Michaeli opened a webpage to raise money and supplies to support the efforts of the Afya Foundation in locations like Puerto Rico as well as spread awareness of the difficulty that is still being faced there even 2 years after Hurricane Maria. To read more check this webpage link: afyafoundation.org or email Leav Michaeli @ leavmichaeli@gmail.com.

Thank you!

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Pesa is coming: Planning to Sale your amets? What about buying less in the next few weeks, eating the amets you have, and donating the rest before Pesa. Leave the sale for businesses who deal with large inventory while making a good deed by donating food. Pesa Kasher to all!  

SHOSHANA M. SCHWARTZ, ESQ.

* REAL ESTATE * WILLS

* PERSONAL INJURY * SMALL BUSINESS

 L. STEPHEN SAVITT, P.C.

 475 PARK AVE. SOUTH 18th FL.

 NEW YORK, NY 10016                      

 TEL: 212.398.4300  *  FAX:  212.398.4309

RIVERDALE: 718.796.2034

Yudin's Discount Appliances Logo

"Let Yudin's make your kitchen the heart of your home!"

201.891.3111 and  973.777.3849

yudinsappliances.com

Robert Kalfus since 1973 

Photography

S'machot                                    Photojournalism

          Bar and Bat Mitzvot                   Investigation

          Weddings                                   Documentation

Phone: 917-379-4165  *  Email: kalfoto@aol.com

Brain Teaser - Answer

The immediate answer is 13; The real answer is 34... unless I am wrong :)

Parasha Quiz - Answers: Shəmini

Kids: Yeḥezkel (Ezekiel) * Youth: “G-d will strengthen”

Teens: Buzi * Adults: Anatot; Bavel * Experts: Cohen.

Prayer for wellness

To Israel in captivity and Israel’s wounded bodies & souls; Reuven ben Aliza, Leah Channa bat Shifra, Yisrael Yair ben Yehudit Tzvia, Menachem ben Yehudit, Alisa bat Tsipora Malka, Yig’al ben Sulika, Rubin ben Abraham López and Ela, Adi ben Talia, Ya’akov ben Monavar, Shlomo ben Esther, Avraham Yair ben Alissa Sharon & Shmuel Dov, Naftali Yesha’ie Asheo ben Adina and Yosef Hayim, Sima bat Sionit and Sion, Shlomo ben Adina, Dov Yehuda ben Lea, Fortunee bat Na’ima Annette, Annela bat Elka, Yaniv Ben Sarah, and all the sick.

Congregation Beth Aharon is Riverdale’s Sephardic Orthodox Congregation, located at the Riverdale Bayit (HIR) Bronx, NY. We welcome all worshipers regardless of eda or level of observance. Our congregants take an active-leading role in Tefila and Kria’at haTorah.