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Instructor:

Carolyn Myers

Contact Information

Cmyers@pps.net or (503)916-6120

School:

Learning and Credit Options: Virtual Scholars

School Year:

2018-19

Course number: Astronomy 1

Course title: Astronomy 1

Subject: Science

Grade Level(s): 9, 10, 11, 12

Course Description:

Why do stars twinkle? Is it possible to fall into a black hole? Will the sun ever stop shining? Since the first glimpse of the night sky, humans have been fascinated with the stars, planets, and universe that surrounds us. This course will introduce students to the study of astronomy, including its history and development, basic scientific laws of motion and gravity, the concepts of modern astronomy, and the methods used by astronomers to learn more about the universe. Additional topics include the solar system, the Milky Way and other galaxies, and the sun and stars. Using online tools, students will examine the life cycle of stars, the properties of planets, and the exploration of space.

Prerequisites: None

Priority Standards and Final Proficiencies:

This course is a standards-based course. All students will be exposed to CCSS or Oregon state 9, 10, 11, 12 standards--below are the standards that mastery must be shown in order to earn credit.

* Learn about the interactions between the Sun, Earth, and Moon.
* Describe how the motion of the Earth causes seasons and night-day cycles.
* Identify the characteristics and phases of the moon.
* Explore how the moon's gravitational pull manipulates tides on Earth.
* Distinguish between a lunar eclipse and a solar eclipse.
* Describe the study of the cosmos.
* Discuss the theory of the origin of the universe.
* Examine the evidence that supports the Big Bang theory.
* Examine the composition of matter and how it is distributed within the universe.
* Describe the theories of evolution and fate of the universe.
* Describe the composition and characteristics of stars.
* Learn how astronomers identify and describe constellations such as Ursa Major, Ursa Minor, Orion, and Cassiopeia.
* Analyze and characterize stars by their physical and chemical properties.
* Explain the use of diagrams and models in obtaining physical data on stars.
* Examine the evolution of stars.
* Differentiate and describe the types of galaxies within the universe.
* Characterize the Milky Way.
* Identify how galaxies are organized and distributed within the universe.
* Describe the evolution of galaxies.
* Examine the forces that shape galaxies of stars.

Schedule of Units Covered:

Unit One:

Unit 1: The Earth, Moon, and Sun Systems
Learning Objectives:

* Learn about the interactions between the Sun, Earth, and Moon.

* Describe how the motion of the Earth causes seasons and night-day cycles.

* Identify the characteristics and phases of the moon.

* Explore how the moon's gravitational pull manipulates tides on Earth.

* Distinguish between a lunar eclipse and a solar eclipse.

Unit Two:

Unit 2: The Universe
Learning Objectives:

* Describe the study of the cosmos.

* Discuss the theory of the origin of the universe.

* Examine the evidence that supports the Big Bang theory.

* Examine the composition of matter and how it is distributed within the universe.

* Describe the theories of evolution and fate of the universe.

Unit Three

Unit 3: Stars
Learning Objectives:

* Describe the composition and characteristics of stars.

* Learn how astronomers identify and describe constellations such as Ursa Major, Ursa Minor, Orion, and Cassiopeia.

* Analyze and characterize stars by their physical and chemical properties.

* Explain the use of diagrams and models in obtaining physical data on stars.

* Examine the evolution of stars.

Unit Four

Unit 4: Galaxies
Learning Objectives:

* Differentiate and describe the types of galaxies within the universe.

* Characterize the Milky Way.

* Identify how galaxies are organized and distributed within the universe.

* Describe the evolution of galaxies.

* Examine the forces that shape galaxies of stars.
 

Academic Vocabulary

Gravity
Satellite
Rotation
Axis
Ellipse
Revolution
Solstices
Equinoxes
Lunar Phases
Lunar Cycles
Waxing
Gibbous
Waning
Tide
Eclipse
Corona
Universe
Big Bang
Milky Way
Stars
Constellations
Nuclear Fusion
Hubble
Dark Matter

District-Adopted Materials

vs.pps.net

Supplemental Resources

As needed

Differentiation/Accessibility Strategies and Support (TAG, ELL,SpEd, other):

Accommodations based on IEP and 504 will be adhered to with guidance from case manager. Case manager approval is required for a student to take a VS course.

 

Instruction and assessments are created and delivered with a mind to multiple learning styles; it is with active cognition that teachers build material for students who learn in many different ways.

Career-Related Learning Experiences

N/A

Essential Skills and Required Work Samples:

Being a standards-based course, work will need to be scored at “Successful” or higher in order to earn credit.

Assessment/Evaluation/Grading Policy

Students are expected to submit work in each course weekly. Students can learn at their own pace; however, students must follow their course calendar and make progress in the course every week. Students are required to complete self-checks, practice lessons, multiple choice questions, projects, discussion-based assessments, and discussions. Students are expected to:

  • Make regular progress (follow course calendar)
  • Maintain regular contact with teachers

When teachers, students, and families work together, students are successful.

 

This course is a standards-based course.

Course lessons and assessments are targeted to a specific set of CCSS/Oregon state standards. Students will be expected to score at the “Successful” level or higher in order to be marked proficient in each assessment. Students are expected to complete all assessments in the course.

 

If a student scores “Work In Progress” on an assessment, they will be able to revise and resubmit it for re-scoring.

Final grades in Virtual Scholars are determined using the VS Proficiency Matrix.

Behavioral Expectations:

PLAGIARISM is strictly monitored.

 

From the PPS Student Acceptable Use Guide:

Students will not plagiarize works that they find on the Internet. Plagiarism is taking the ideas or writings of others and presenting them as if they were original to the student.

Students will respect the rights of copyright owners. Copyright infringement occurs when an individual inappropriately reproduces a work that is protected by a copyright. If a work contains language that specifies appropriate use of that work, the student should follow the expressed requirements. If the student is unsure whether or not they can use a work, they should request permission from the copyright owner.

 

Students will adhere to the regulations outlined in the PPS Student Acceptable Usage guide

Safety Issues and Requirements

N/A