Abstract
Trade , tradition, and silk route

 from Zheng He sailing to west ocean to belt and road construction

Dr. Zhang Yuanpeng

Director, Institute of World Economy, China

Abstract

Trade , tradition, and silk route from Zheng He sailing to west ocean to belt and road construction

From 1405, Zheng He have been visited Kozhikode 4 times and as a base went further to other west states of middle east and east African, that’s the trajectories; Zheng He’s attendants do business according local customs peacefully and friendly though their fleet with powerful warships and more than 20,000 soldiers, no conquest, no war, only equal trade; as every great emperor who united China and made nation strong and prosperous again, normally wish got cheers and respect from neighbor states rulers, according to Confucianism hundreds states come to paying tributes to china due to emperor’s highest morality ,i.e. kind ,generous and majesty, not the force or military; but this typical Chinese ruler’s tradition to foreign cannot sustained ,as the trade operated by official not private and aims not to be profitable, so trade back goods not to markets, the paying tribute should gave back more than trees times valuable items, after every one or two year tens of states come to visiting, the cost became cannot affordable by emperor, it’s much different with western colonialism, occupied land collecting taxes ,robbery, cheating or doing compulsive trade, result to make big money, the dilemma is, immorality defeated morality; After 2010, China’s GDP become No.2 in the world, 10 years ago they had had “go globe” policy, as the ability is no so strong enough, which didn’t attracted much eyes, but president Xi’s silk economic belt and 21st century maritime silk road presented in 2013, got more dispute, there are many reasons economically, but from the traditional view, it just a come again who want to get cheers, respects and the position relative to his body volume from neighbors.