Project Safety Manual

CONTENTS:                                                                        PAGE

1.   General Safety Rules                                                        1

  1. Reporting Injuries
  2. Your Project Leader
  3. Unsafe acts or conditions
  4. Work Areas
  5. Housekeeping
  6. Lifting
  7. Drugs and Alcohol
  8. Safety Meetings
  9. Hard Hats
  10. Eye Protection
  11. Dust Masks
  12. Fall Protection
  13. Hearing Protection
  14. Hand Tools
  15. Portable Power Tools
  16. Powder Actuated Tools
  17. Machines
  18. Ladders
  19. Scaffolds and Aerial Lifts
  20. Floor Openings
  21. Electrical
  22. Compressed Gas Cylinders
  23. Fire Prevention
  24. Excavations
  25. Protection of Public
  26. Confined Spaces
  27. Blood
  28. SECURITY GUIDANCE

1. General Safety Rules

  1. Homeowner’s tools and equipment will not be used due to safety reasons.
  2. Report to work rested and physically fit to perform your job.
  3. Wear clean clothing suitable for the weather and your work.
  4. Wear good work shoes, preferably safety shoes.
  5. Use correct gloves when welding, handling chemicals, rough materials or items with sharp edges.
  6. Jewelry that can get caught or snag by work practice and should NOT be worn.
  7. Keep horseplay and roughhousing away from the job. Practical jokes often become painful injuries.
  8. Never point an air hose at anyone or use it to clean clothing.
  9. Use only designated toilets as made available by homeowner or job site.
  10. Inspect your safety equipment prior to use. If defective, do not use. Report it to your Project Leader immediately.
  11. Work with care and good judgment at all times to avoid accidents- even if a specific safety rule is not contained in this manual.
  12. Do not operate any vehicle or equipment unless authorized by your Project Leader.
  13. The use of Alcoholic Beverage and or Illegal Drugs is strictly prohibited on any HOME project.
  14. See your Project Leader to become familiar with all Safety Directives that apply to your work

2. Reporting Injuries

  1. In order to receive medical treatment, it is a requirement and the policy of this company that you report any injury to your Project Leader on the same day of the injury, whether or not you go to the doctor that day.

3. Your Project Leader

  1. If you do not understand any safety rule, ask your Project Leader to explain it.
  2. Before doing a job where you are not familiar with the hazards, ask your Project Leader to show you the safe way to do the job. He’ll be glad to do it.
  3. Give your wholehearted support to safety activities. Preventing your accident depends mostly on you!

4. Unsafe acts or conditions

  1. Report or Correct any unsafe acts or unsafe conditions or equipment to your Project Leader immediately.

     

5. Work Areas

  1. Be aware of work going on around you; keep clear of suspended loads, traffic areas, etc.
  2. Before entering new work areas, familiarize yourself with any unusual hazards.
  3. Place barricades to warn traffic, overhead dangers, open footings, excavation, and swing radius of crane cab. etc.
  4. Work, eat lunch, etc. only in your work area unless otherwise approved through Project Leader.
  5. Remove nails from crates and lumber immediately.
  6. Stay in your assigned work area. Do not wander around the jobsite.
  7. Do not cross or remove “Caution Tape” or flagging. Respect all warning lines.

6. Housekeeping

  1. Keep materials orderly; prevent piles of materials from falling or shifting (tie down or support if necessary).
  2. Clean up any oil, liquids, or other materials spilled or dropped on stairs, walkways, ladders or floors. Place your lunch sacks, paper, and soft drink or other containers in trash barrels.
  3. Have all cords, welding leads, hoses placed to avoid tripping hazards or from getting damaged.
  4. Keep loose materials off stairs, walkways, ramps, platforms, scaffolds, etc.
  5. Put or Replace caps on rebar and grade stakes.

7. Lifting

       a.   Check for a clear path first. Then have clear view while carrying load.

  1. Avoid back strains when lifting (including shoveling) by following these few simple

      suggestions:

  1. Take a good look at what you’re going to lift. If it is too heavy or bulky for you, get help. (Another employee, chain hoist, forklift, crane, etc.)
  2. Get a firm clear footing and keep your feet about shoulder distance apart.
  3. Squat down, keep whatever you are lifting close to you and lift with your strong leg muscles keeping your back straight.
  4. While carrying whatever you have lifted, avoid twisting of the body as much as possible.
  5. When setting the object down, reverse the lifting procedure; that is, keep your back straight and lower with your leg muscles.

      c.   When carrying long objects with another employee, be sure you both carry the load on the

            same shoulder.

      d.   Have just one person give commands when teaming big loads.

8. Drugs and Alcohol

  1. Possession, consumption or use of alcoholic beverages or illegal drugs (including marijuana) is not permitted. Anyone violating this policy will be removed from service of HOME projects.

 

9. Safety Meetings

  1. Attend all safety briefings and safety training classes held at your job site. This will help provide a safe environment for all parties involved.

10. Hard Hats

  1. Hard hats are to be worn whenever there is an overhead hazard, work being performed overhead or a hazard from falling objects.
  2. Hard hats will be supplied through Project Leader and will be discussed as part of the daily safety review when deemed necessary.

11. Eye Protection

General-purpose safety glasses will be supplied to volunteers and must be on their person at all times.  Eye protection must be worn when:

  1. Using grinders (all types), using cleaning materials, table saws, jack hammers, chipping guns, masonry saws, welding or cutting torches (under welding hood in arc welding), nailers, powder actuated tools.
  2. Cleaning a weld or when the wind is such that it is blowing dust, sand, rust or other particles about.
  3. Handling material in powder form such as cement or when mixing or cleaning brick with acid or other cleaning material.
  4. There is danger of concrete or mortar splashing in the eye.
  5. Filing or buffing any material.
  6. Working near persons whose work requires them to wear eye protection.
  7. There is other dangerous exposure to your eyes.
  8. Sunglasses are ok for outside but clear glasses are to be with the employee for inside work.

12. Dust Masks

  1. Dust masks should be used when spray painting, handling cement, lime, or when exposed to a steady dust hazard. Special equipment is required when sandblasting, welding, and cutting in confined spaces, on galvanized material or metal coated with red or zinc chromate - See your Project Leader, under these circumstances.

13. Fall Protection

The utilization of Fall protection will be discussed prior to any job containing such hazards.

Employees within 6 feet of a fall hazard greater than 6 feet in height shall be protected from falling by:

   a.         Guardrails - 42" high + 3", strong enough to withstand 200 pounds in down and outward directions, a mid rail is required.  If persons are working or walking beneath or next to the fall zone a toeboard will be included or the area will be restricted to:

(1) Lifelines, seat harnesses, full-body harnesses, lanyard and static lines connected

to anchor points cable of supporting 3000 pounds.  Safety belts are not allowed.

(2) A lifeline and harness shall be used in all areas where materials are loaded, landed or unloaded if an employee is within 6 feet of the edge.

Check your harness carefully each day. If defective, do not use, return it to your Project Leader. Some alternative fall protection methods are allowed.  See your Project Leader.

 

14. Hearing Protection

  1. Hearing protection will be made available at all times while on the job through the Project Leader.
  2. Wear your hearing protection when around noise, even if you are not operating the equipment.

15. Hand Tools

  1. Inspect tools before using to make sure they are not defective.
  2. When hand tools are not in use, lay them down in a safe place where they will not fall on a fellow volunteer or cause him/her to trip.
  3. Do not carry hand tools up or down a ladder; use a rope or tool belt.
  4. Know the correct use of hand tools before using; use the right tool for the job. If you are not sure how to use any tool talk to your Project Leader, they will instruct you on the proper and safe use of any tool.
  5. Have tools, with burred or mushroomed heads, dressed. Keep cutting tools sharp- and carry in a container or on a tool belt (not in your pocket).
  6. Do not use tools with split, broken, or loose handles.
  7. Be sure you have a clear area behind you before swinging a sledgehammer, axe, pick, or other tools or materials.
  8. Get permission and instruction for the use of all tools that are not your own or that you are not familiar with.

16. Portable Power Tools

  1. Be sure the electrical tools, such as portable power saws, grinders, drills, etc. are grounded (unless they are double insulated tools). Do not stand in water or on damp ground when using tools. (Report any minor shocks to your Project Leader)
  2. Make sure the tool has the proper guard and never block or lock the guard in an open position.
  3. Never block or lock the safety switch on a power tool so that it will operate the tool.
  4. Keep extension cords and power cords out of the center of walkways and off of ladders and stairways.
  5. Never point a compressed air tool or powder-actuated tool at yourself or a fellow employee.
  6. Only qualified personnel should operate or service power tools.
  7. Do not use defective power tools. Report condition to your Project Leader.
  8. Get permission and instruction for the use of all tools that are not your own or that you are not familiar with.

17. Powder Actuated Tools

  1. Never use a powder-actuated tool unless you are properly trained and have a VALID CERTIFICATE CARD in your procession.
  2. Always wear eye protection and hearing protection.
  3. Do not shoot through sheetrock or plywood without making sure no one is on the other side.

18. Machines

  1. Before starting machinery, opening valves, switches, etc. check to make sure fellow volunteers are in the clear and have all safety guards in place.
  2. Never adjust or repair machinery while it is running.
  3. Operate machinery and vehicles within safe speeds and at rated capacity.
  4. Never refuel an engine while it is running.
  5. When using gasoline or diesel engine in an enclosed area, be sure to vent the exhaust outside.
  6. Never use an air hose for pressure to empty gasoline drums.
  7. Do not start or use any machinery unless you have been authorized to do so.
  8. If you are in charge of a compressed air tank, be sure to drain the tank and test the safety valve daily.

19. Ladders

  1. Be sure straight or extension ladders are tied off at the top.
  2. Get someone to hold ladder while you are tying off, or if you can’t tie it off.
  3. Make sure extension ladder locking clamps are in place before using.
  4. Have ladder reach at least 36" above landing for easy access.
  5. Use only sturdy ladders on firm level base at a 4 to 1 pitch and have clear access at top and bottom.
  6. Do not try to get additional height from ladder by placing it on a makeshift cribbing such as boxes, boards or scaffolds.
  7. Do not place a ladder in front of a door unless it is locked, barricaded, or guarded by another volunteer.
  8. Always engage snap spreaders on stepladders.
  9. Face ladder when climbing up or down. Always use both hands. Use hand line to lift or lower loads or have another volunteer hand it to you.
  10. No tools or materials should be stored on ladder during the use of that ladder.
  11. Portable metal ladders must not be used for electrical work or around electric lines.
  12. Never work off of the top two steps of a ladder.
  13. Inspect all ladders daily or before use.
  14. Never lean out from a ladder to work.  General Rule: your belt buckle should remain within the line of the rails.

20. Scaffolds and Aerial Lifts

  1. Scaffolds are to be erected only by employees trained to erect scaffolds.
  2. Do not get on scaffolds until the competent scaffold person has inspected them.
  3. Scaffolds are to be inspected every day before employees get on the scaffolds.  Before any volunteer is allowed on any scaffold it must have a GREEN tag attached.
  4. Scaffolds with a fall height greater than 10 feet must have guardrails.
  5. Whenever working in any aerial lift in which the man basket extends beyond the perimeter of the vehicle’s wheels you must wear a safety harness and lanyard tied to the approved anchorage point.
  6. Do not stand on the guardrails unless connected to the man basket with full body harness and lanyard.

21. Floor Openings

  1. Keep materials away from entrance or exits of stairs, hoists and elevators landings, traffic lanes and ladders.
  2. Avoid shortcuts - use ramps, stairs, walkways, ladders, etc.
  3. Do not work in areas with inadequate lighting. Tell your Project Leader and he will get it corrected.
  4. When necessary to remove guardrails around a floor opening or building perimeter, make certain they are replaced each time you leave the work area and immediately upon completion of work. During time periods when the perimeter has been removed a secondary person must be stationed as a lookout to reduce the risk of injury.
  5. Keep all stored materials a minimum of 6' away from any shaft opening and 10' from building edge.
  6. Secure material and equipment so it will not be blown out or off of the building.


22. Electrical

  1. A qualified volunteer as determined by project leader will complete all electrical work.
  2. Consider all wire, “live” until checked out.
  3. Never remove or cut ground prong of any electrical tool or extension cord. (Plug in to matching receptacle only)
  4. All electrical power tools and extension cords should have RUBBER insulation. Damaged cords should be repaired or replaced immediately.
  5. Qualified personnel must make all repairs to electrical tools and extension cords only.
  6. Do not drive vehicles, aerial lifts or rolling scaffolds over extension cords.

23. Compressed Gas Cylinders

  1. Always turn cylinder valves off when not in use or when unattended for an extended period of time, such as during the lunch period.
  2. Always secure a cylinder, full or empty, in an upright position.
  3. When cylinders are lowered or hoisted, use a skip box, net or cart. Never use a choker or hook on to the valve cap.
  4. Never store oxygen cylinders near flames, flammable, or combustible liquids or materials, oil, grease, or within 20 feet of fuel gas cylinders  (acetylene, propane etc.)
  5. Keep oily rags and oily gloves away from oxygen cylinders. (this could cause an explosion)
  6. Keep valve caps on cylinders, full or empty when not in use.

24. Fire Prevention

  1. Fire protection will be available through Project Leader when deemed necessary.
  2. Know the location of and how to use fire extinguishers and fire hoses.
  3. Take extra care in disposing of cigarette butts and matches. Extinguish thoroughly. When in refineries or chemical plants, smoke only in designated areas.
  4. Flammable liquids should be transported and stored only in the original container or in an approved metal safety can.
  5. Store oily rags or paint rags in covered metal containers.
  6. Be sure there is a fire watch before welding or cutting above combustible materials.
  7. Tell your Project Leader if you use a fire extinguisher so it can be refilled.

25. Excavations

  1. Never enter an excavation or trench more then 5' deep unless it is shored or sloped.
  2. In any trench 4 feet or greater in depth that you cannot walk out of, place an access ladder within 25' of any workman.
  3. When digging a trench, place soil  (dirt from the excavation) at least 2' away from edge of excavation. Remove surface rocks, clods of dirt or other debris that could fall.

26. Protection of Public

  1. Anytime you see sightseers or children in the work area, ask them to stand at a safe distance so they will not be hurt.  
  2. If there is danger of pedestrians, automobiles, ect., being struck by falling materials that you are working with, tell your Project Leader so he can arrange the necessary protection.


27. Confined Spaces

  1. Confined spaces are not to be entered without the foremen first checking the atmosphere.
  2. Do not operate gasoline saws in deep trenches, manholes, or areas of poor air circulation without a ventilator and/or the supplied air hood
  3. Jackhammer and chipping operations in confined spaces will be done only with supplied air hoods or ventilators and respiratory protection.

28.  Blood

       a.   All human blood and body fluids will be handled as if they may be potentially infectious.

       b.   All contact with blood and body fluids should be avoided.

       c.  Gloves, masks and sealed bags will be used for human blood and body fluid contacts if
           contact cannot be avoided.

29.  SECURITY GUIDANCE

The following security situations may be encountered while involved in a HOME Team project.  The basic guidance an all of these is to depart the area immediately and call 911 if necessary.  

The goal is to keep the HOME Team volunteers safe.

There should always be no fewer then two (2) HOME Team people at a project.  If one arrives first they should wait for the second before going to the home.

All situations should be discussed with the HOME Team and Coordinator, the church’s senior clergy, HOME staff and any other individual or organization that would have an interest in the situation.

If there is money, jewelry or valuable small, portable items lying around, the homeowner should be asked to secure them prior to volunteers being given unescorted access to areas.

Potential security situations:

The bottom line:  If you do not feel safe and secure on a project site – everyone leaves.

Community Link        Page         March 5, 2018