CLITHEROE, STANLEY 11650 Guardsman 2nd Battalion 20th Brigade 7th Division

THE SCOTS GUARDS

Born Chorley  Enlisted Preston  Living Farington

Killed in Action  France / Flanders  14th June 1915

Ref: ‘Soldiers Died in the Great War, 1914-1919’, Part 5.

Chorley Guardian and Leyland Hundred Advertiser Sat. 26th June 1915

Pte Stanley Clitheroe of 9 School Street, Farington, 2nd Battalion Scots Guards, is reported killed in action at the front.

In a letter received from Sgt H. Heyes of Leyland in the same regiment, Sgt Heyes says ‘he was killed the previous Monday by a shell’.

Pte Clitheroe enlisted last October and went to the front about three months ago. He was 19 years of age and a parishioner of St. Ambrose.

Lancashire Daily Post Tuesday 29th July 1915

A brief report states that Mr J. Clitheroe has received information of his son Stanley’s death. The only additional information to that in the Chorley Guardian of 26th June: ‘he worked at the Dialene Rubber Works, Leyland’ (photo).

Chorley Guardian and Leyland Hundred Advertiser Sat. 3rd July 1915

Pte Clitheroe is now officially killed in action, along with two others, by a “Jack Johnson” shell.

Preston Guardian Sat. 3rd July 1915

In the section ‘Casualties’: The death is reported of Pte S. Clitheroe. The brief report includes a large photograph, but in the section ‘Leyland Notes’ we have a fuller account:- A letter from Sgt Heyes says that he was killed by a shell bursting in the trench and was killed instantly. “He was a brave lad, liked by everyone and we have greatly missed him”. (The remainder is as the C.G. reports of 26th June and 3rd July).

Stanley Clitheroe’s name appears on the following memorials:-

St. Ambrose Memorial, Moss Lane, Leyland

Mural Plaque in St. Ambrose, Leyland

Scots Guards Memorial, Edinburgh Castle

Commonwealth War Graves Commission

With no known grave, Stanley Clitheroe is commemorated on the:-

LE TOURET MEMORIAL, FRANCE

The names of the Scots Guards are on Panel Nos 3 and 4. The son of Martha Ann Clitheroe of 9 School Street, Farington, Preston, and the late John Clitheroe. Age 19.

The Le Touret Memorial is at the east end of Le Touret Military Cemetery, on the south side of the Béthune-Armentières main road.

Leyland St. Andrew’s Parish Magazine October 1895

Bapt: 27th Sept. 1895 Stanley son of John and Martha Ann Clitheroe of Clayton. From St. Ambrose Register: Born 11th Sept. 1895.

‘White Heat’, John Terraine – The New Warfare 1914-1918

Pp. 51/2: Referring to the 5.9 “Jack Johnson” shell used by the German Army.

Each army corps had a “Foot Artillery” regiment generally equipped with howitzers, chiefly the 150 mm (referred to in British accounts as the 5.9 inch) which many competent observers regarded as the outstanding artillery piece of the war. The 5.9 was known to the ‘Tommies’ as a ‘Jack Johnson’ on account of the black smoke that it emitted.

Note 1:- The 7th Division was fighting in IV Corps First Army in what became known as the ‘Second Action at Givenchy’, 15th-16th June, 1915. It was on the eve of this battle that Stanley Clitheroe was killed in action.

Note 2:- Stanley is the son of Private John Clitheroe, The King’s (Liverpool Regiment), who died of wounds in Shrewsbury Hospital, May 2nd, 1916.

Clitheroe, Stanley. WE Waring  2003