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Jupiter Hammon Project Bibliography .docx
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Alexander, Leslie M. African or American?: Black Identity and Political Activism in New York City, 1784-1861. 2012.

Araujo, Ana Lucia. Slavery in the Age of Memory: Engaging the Past. New York: Bloomsbury Academic, 2020.

Berlin, Ira, and Leslie M. Harris. Slavery in New York: The African American Experience. New York: New Press, 2005.

Berry, Daina Ramey. The Price for Their Pound of Flesh: The Value of the Enslaved, from Womb to Grave, in the Building of a Nation. Random House, 2018.

Bowen, George Loveridge. James Lloyd II, M.D. (1728-1810) and His Family on Lloyd Neck. Privately printed, 1988.

Carretta, Vincent, and Philip Gould, ed. Genius in Bondage: Literature of the Early Black Atlantic. Lexington: The University Press of Kentucky, 2015.

Carretta, Vincent. Phillis Wheatley: Biography of a Genius in Bondage. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2014.

Carretta, Vincent, ed. Unchained Voices: An Anthology of Black Authors in the English-Speaking World of the Eighteenth Century. Lexington, KY: The University Press of Kentucky, 2013.

Clark-Pujara, Christy. Dark Work: The Business of Slavery in Rhode Island. New York: New York University Press, 2018.

Day, Lynda R. Making a Way to Freedom: A History of African Americans on Long Island.  Interlaken: Empire State Books, 1997.

Farrow, Anne, Lang, Joel, and Jenifer Frank. Complicity: How the North Promoted, Prolonged, and Profited from Slavery. New York: Ballantine Books, 2006.

Gerbner, Katharine. Christian Slavery: Conversion and Race in the Protestant Atlantic World. 2018. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2018.

Gikandi, Simon. Slavery and the Culture of Taste. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2017.

Glasson, Travis. Mastering Christianity: Missionary Anglicanism and Slavery in the Atlantic World. New York: Oxford University Press, 2017.

Griswold, Mac K. The Manor: Three Centuries at a Slave Plantation on Long Island. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2013.

Harris, Leslie M. In the Shadow of Slavery: African Americans in New York City, 1626-1863 (Historical Studies of Urban America). University of Chicago Press, 2003.

Hayes, Katherine Howlett. Slavery Before Race: Europeans, Africans, and Indians on Long Island's Sylvester Manor Plantation, 1651-1884. New York University Press, 2016.

Holton, Woody. Black Americans in the Revolutionary Era: A Brief History with Documents. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2009.

Horton, James Oliver, and Lois E. Horton. Slavery and Public History: The Tough Stuff of American Memory. New York: The New Press, 2011.

Kendi, Ibram X. Stamped from the Beginning: The Definitive History of Racist Ideas in America. New York: Bold Type Books, 2017.

Langhans, Rufus B., ed. Huntington Overseers of the Poor Records, 1752-1861, Parts 1 and 2. Huntington, NY: Town of Huntington, 1986.

Manegold, C.S. Ten Hills Farm: The Forgotten History of Slavery in the North. Princeton University Press, 2011.

Matthews, Christopher N. and Allison McGovern. The Archaeology of Race in the Northeast. Gainesville: University of Florida Press, 2015.

Marcus, Bolton Grania. Discovering the African American Experience in Suffolk County, 1620-1860. Setauket, NY: Society for the Preservation of Long Island Antiquities, 1995.

May, Cedrick, ed. The Collected Works of Jupiter Hammon: Poems and Essays. Knoxville, TN: University of Tennessee Press, 2017.

May, Cedrick. Evangelism and Resistance in the Black Atlantic, 1760-1835. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press, 2008.

MacLeod, Jessie, Mary V. Thompson, and Susan Prendergast Schoelwer. Lives Bound Together: Slavery at George Washington's Mount Vernon. Mount Vernon, Virginia : Mount Vernon Ladies' Association, 2016.

Moss, Richard Shannon. Slavery on Long Island: A Study in Local Institutional and Early African African-American Communal Life. New York: Garland Publishing, Inc., 1993.

O'Malley, Gregory E. Final Passages: The Intercolonial Slave Trade of British America, 1619-1807. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2016.

O'Neale, Sondra A. Jupiter Hammon and the Biblical Beginnings of African-American Literature. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1993.

Osann, Jean B. Henry Lloyd’s Salt Box Manor House. Huntington, NY: Lloyd Harbor Historical Society, 1978.

Scott, Kenneth and Susan E. Klaffky. A History of the Joseph Lloyd Manor House. Setauket, NY: Society for the Preservation of Long Island Antiquities, 1976.

Walvin, James. Slavery in Small Things: Slavery and Modern Cultural Habits. Chichester, West Sussex: Wiley,  2017.

Wheatley, Phillis, and Vincent Carretta. Phillis Wheatley: Complete Writings. Penguin Group, 2001.

Wilder, Craig Steven. A Covenant with Color: Race and Social Power in Brooklyn. New York: Columbia University Press, 2000.

Wilder, Craig Steven. In the Company of Black Men: The African Influence on African American Culture in New York City. New York: New York University Press, 2005.

White, Shane. Somewhat More Independent: The End of Slavery in New York City, 1770-1810. 2014. Athens: The University of Georgia Press, 2014.


Blakey, Michael L. and Lesley M. Rankin-Hill (editors). Skeletal Biology of the New York African Burial Ground Part I. Washington D.C., Howard University Press, 2009:


Bolton, Charla E., and Reginald H. Metcalf, Jr. “The Migration of Jupiter Hammon and His Family: From Slavery to Freedom and its Consequences,” Long Island History Journal, Vol. 23, No. 2 (2013):

Bly, Antonio. "Pretends he can read: Runaways and Literacy in Colonial America, 1730—1776,” Early American Studies, Vol. 6, No. 2 (Fall 2008), pp. 261-294:

Brucia, Margaret. “The African-American Poet, Jupiter Hammon: A Home-born Slave and his Classical Name,” International Journal of the Classical Tradition, Vol. 7, No. 4 (Spring 2001), pp. 515–522:

Coplin, Jenna. “Mapping African American History Across Long Island,” Long Island History Journal, Vol.23, No. 2 (2013):

Coplin, Jenna and Christopher Matthews. “The Archaeology of Captivity and Freedom at Joseph Lloyd Manor,” African Diaspora Archaeology Newsletter, Vol. 10, No. 4 (2007), pp. 1-4:

Guruswamy, Rosemary Fithian. “Thou Hast the Holy Word: Jupiter Hammon’s “Regards” to Phillis Wheatley,” in Carretta, Vincent and Phillip Gould, ed., Genius in Bondage: Literature of the Early Black Atlantic. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky Press, 2001, 190-198:

Jones, Jr., Douglas A. “Slave Evangelicalism, Shouting, and the Beginning of African American Writing,” Early American Literature, Vol. 53, No. 1 (2018), pp. 69-85:

Lewis Robert E., Matthews, Christopher N., and Judith A. Burgess, “The Bethel-Christian Avenue-Laurel Hill Historic District,”Long Island History Journal, Vol. 23, No. 2 (2013):

May, Cedrick and Julie McCown. "An Essay on Slavery: An Unpublished Poem by Jupiter Hammon,” Early American Literature, Vol. 48, No. 2 (2013), pp. 457-471:

McGovern, Allison Manfra and David J. Bernstein, “Preserving Church Lane: Applied Anthropology and History in a Long Island African-American Community,” Long Island History Journal, Vol.23, No. 2 (2013):

Nydam, Arien. “Numerological Tradition in the Works of Jupiter Hammon,” African American Review, Vol. 40, No. 2 (Summer, 2006), pp. 207-220:

Rava, Ross Thomas and Christopher N. Matthews, “An Archaeological View of Slavery and Social Relations at Rock Hall, Lawrence, New York,” Long Island History Journal, Vol.23, No. 2 (2013):

Richards, Phillip M. “Nationalist Themes in the Preaching of Jupiter Hammon,” Early American Literature, Vol. 25, No. 2 (1990), pp. 123-138:

White, Shane. “Slavery in New York State in the Early Republic,” Australasian Journal of American Studies, Vol. 14, No. 2 (December, 1995), pp. 1-29: