M. Goldenberg

Maya J. Goldenberg

 Curriculum Vitae

Department of Philosophy & Bachelor of Arts and Science Program

University of Guelph


Current Positions


Department of Philosophy & Bachelor of Arts and Science Program

University of Guelph

Member of Graduate Faculty

Institute for History and Philosophy of Science and Technology
University of Toronto

Previous Positions

Associate Professor

Department of Philosophy & Bachelor of Arts and Science Program

University of Guelph

Assistant Professor

Department of Philosophy & Bachelor of Arts and Science Program

University of Guelph

Postdoctoral Fellow
University of Toronto  

        Research Project: Investigating Embodiment Issues in Evidence Based Approaches to
        Women’s Health


PhD (Philosophy), Michigan State University 

MA (Bioethics/Philosophy), McGill University

BA Hon., University of Toronto


Clinical Ethics Intern, William Osler Health Centre (2004 - 2006)

Associated Medical Services Bioethics Internship (2004)  

Areas of Research Specialization

Philosophy of Medicine, Philosophy of Science, Feminist Philosophy, Bioethics

Publications (academic)


Vaccine Hesitancy: Public Trust, Expertise, and the War on Science. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2021.

        *2022 Winner of Philosophy of Science Association DEI Prize in Feminist Philosophy of

Articles & Chapters

Furman, K, Goldenberg MJ. “Disagreement in Public Health.” Routledge Handbook of the Philosophy of Disagreement, eds. M. Baghramian, JA Carter, R Rowland (accepted for publication)  


Krastev, S., et al. “Institutional Trust is a Distinct Construct Related to Vaccine Hesitancy and Refusal.” BMC Public Health  2481 (2023). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-023-1735-5   


Goldenberg, MJ. “Medical Expertise.” Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Medicine , ed. A. Broadbent. Oxford University Press. (accepted for publication)

Corsten, C. et al. “Understanding COVID-19 Vaccine Hesitancy in Canada.” Vaccine (2023). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2023.10.058 

Goldenberg, M.J., Adhikari, B., von Seidlein, L. et al. “Vaccine Mandates and Public Trust do not Have to be Antagonistic. Nature Human Behavior (2023). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41562-023-01720-8


Goldenberg, MJ. “Public Trust in Science.” Interdisciplinary Science Reviews 48:2 (2023): 366-378.  


---. “Vaccine Hesitancy: Public Trust, Expertise, and the War on Science by Maya Goldenberg: Reply by the Author.” Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 96(2022): 121-124.
            Book panel with commentaries from Stephen John, Ryoa Chung, Joan Leach, and
            Yolonda Wilson and Lou Vinarcsik


Snyder, J. et al. “ Crowdfunding Narratives and the Valuation of Vaccines for COVID-19.” Vaccine 40:36 (2022): 5295-5298.


Goldenberg, MJ, Solomon, M,  De Melo-Martin, I. “Book Panel:  Vaccine Hesitancy by Maya J. Goldenberg.” IJFAB International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 15:2(2022): 93-114.


Clase, CM, et al. “Can Peer Review Be Kinder? Supportive Peer Review: A Re-Commitment to Kindness and a Call to Action.” Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease 9(2022). doi:10.1177/20543581221080327

Goldenberg, MJ. “A Feminist Take on Vaccine Hesitancy.” IJFAB International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 15:1(2022): 180-182.


O’Doherty, K, et al.“Deliberation on Childhood Vaccination in Canada: Public Input on Ethical Trade-Offs in Vaccination Policy.” AJOB Empirical Bioethics 12:4 (2021): 253-265.

Upshur, R, Goldenberg MJ. “Countering Medical Nihilism by Reconnecting Facts and Values.”
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 84 (2020): 75-83.


Goldenberg MJ. “Rethinking Debates about Pediatric Vaccine Safety: A Feminist View.” Routledge Handbook of Feminist Philosophy of Science (pp. 423-434) eds. S. Crasnow and K. Intemann. Routledge, 2020.

---. “Vaccines, Values, and Science.” Canadian Medical Association 19:14 (8 April 2019): E397-8.

Goldenberg MJ, McCron, C. “'The Science is Clear!' Media Uptake of Health Research into Vaccine Hesitancy,” Knowing and Acting in Medicine (pp. 113-132) ed. R. Bluhm. Rowman & Littlefield, 2017.

Goldenberg MJ. “Public Misunderstanding of Science?” Reframing the Problem of Vaccine Hesitancy.” Perspectives on Science 24:5 (2016): 552-581.

---. “Whose Social Values? Evaluating Canada’s ‘Death of Evidence’ Controversy.” Canadian Journal of Philosophy 45:3 (2015): 404-424.

---. “The Placebo Orthodoxy and the Double Standard of Care in Multinational Clinical Research.”  Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 36:1 (2015): 7-23.

 ---. “How can Feminist Theories of Evidence Assist Clinical Reasoning and Decision-making?” Social Epistemology 29:1 (2015): 3-33.

---. “Diversity in Epistemic Communities: A Response to Clough.” Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective 3:5 (2014): 25-30.


 ---. “Evidence-Based Medicine.” In Wiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of Health, Illness, Behavior, and Society. eds. W.C. Cockerham, R. Dingwall, and S. Quah. Wiley-Blackwell, 2014.


---. “Is ‘Scientifically-Informed Yet Humanistic Medicine’ the Solution to the Crisis of Modern Medicine? A Friendly Corrective to the Emergent Model of Person-Centered Medicine.” European Journal of Person-Centered Healthcare 2:1 (2014): 106-113.


Loughlin M, et al. “Philosophy, Medicine, and Health Care--Where We Have Come From and Where We are Going.” Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20:6 (December 2014): 902-907.


Loughlin M, et al. “Explanation, Understanding, Objectivity and Experience.” Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19:3 (July 2013): 415-421.


Goldenberg MJ. “Defining ‘Quality of Care’ Persuasively.” Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 33:4 (2012): 243-261.


Loughlin M, et al. “Reason and Value: Making Reasoning Fit for Practice.” Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18:5 (2012): 929-937.


---. “Innovating Medical Knowledge: Understanding Evidence-Based Medicine as a Socio-Medical Phenomenon.” In Evidence-Based Medicine (pp. 11-28) ed. N Sitara. InTech Publications, 2012.


---. “A Response to Sestini's (2011) Response.” Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17:5 (2011): 1004-1005.


Loughlin M, et al. “Virtue, Progress, and Practice.” Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17:5 (2011): 839-846.


Goldenberg MJ. “Working for the Cure: Challenging Pink Ribbon Activism .” In Configuring Health Consumers: Health Work and the Imperative of Personal Responsibility (pp. 140-159) eds. R Harris, N Wathen, S Wyatt. Palgrave Macmillan, 2010.


---. “Perspectives on Evidence-Based Healthcare for Women.” Journal of Women’s Health 19:7 (2010): 1235-1238.


Goldenberg MJ.  “From Popperian Science to Normal Science. Commentary on Sestini (2010).” Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16:2 (2010): 306-310.


Loughlin M, et al. “Philosophy, Ethics, Medicine and Health Care: The Urgent Need for Critical Practice.” Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16:2 (2010): 249-259.


Goldenberg MJ. “Clinical Evidence and the Absent Body in Medical Epistemology: On the Need for a New Phenomenology of Medicine.” International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 3:1 (2010): 43-71.


---. “Iconoclast or Creed? Objectivism and Pragmatism in Evidence-Based Medicine’s Hierarchy of Evidence.” Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 52:2 (2009): 168-187.


Goldenberg MJ, et al. “The Nature of Evidence in Evidence-Based Medicine: Guest Editors’ Introduction.” Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 52:2 (2009): 164-167.


Goldenberg MJ. “Women’s Health.” In Oxford Encyclopedia of Women in World History. Oxford University Press, (2007): 440-442.


---. “The Problem of Exclusion in Feminist Theory and Politics: A Metaphysical Investigation into
Constructing a Category of ‘Woman’.”
Journal of Gender Studies, 16:2 (2007): 139-153.


Secker B, Goldenberg MJ, et al. “Just Regionalisation: Rehabilitating Care for People with Disabilities and Chronic Illnesses,” BMC Medical Ethics 7:9 (2006).


Goldenberg MJ. “On Evidence and Evidence Based Medicine: Lessons from the Philosophy of Science.” Social Science

& Medicine 62:11 (2006): 2621-2632.


---. “Evidence Based Ethics? On Evidence Based Practice and the ‘Empirical Turn’ from Normative

Bioethics.” BMC Medical Ethics 6:11 (2005).


---. “On Empirical Approaches to Bioethics: Why Moral Deliberation Should Not Be Evidence Based.”

Canadian Society for the Study of Practical Ethics Newsletter, Winter 2006.

Publications (reports)

Bagshaw et al. [Expert Panel on Connecting Humanities Expertise to Health Policy, Royal Society of Canada]. “The Humanities and Health Policy” [RSC Policy Brief]. FACETS (in press).

O’Doherty, K, et al. Ontario Vaccine Deliberation Final Report. December 2017.


Secker B, et al, for The University of Toronto Joint Centre for Bioethics Rehab and Community Care Ethics Research Group). Ethics of LHINS: Implications for People with Disabilities and Chronic Illnesses. November 2005.    

Publications (popular media)

Narvali AM, Goldenberg MJ, Skorburg JA. “Cyberbullying Girls with Pornographic Deepfakes is a Form of Misogyny.” The Conversation, November 28, 2023. https://theconversation.com/cyberbullying-girls-with-pornographic-deepfakes-is-a-form-of-misogyny-217182 

Goldenberg MJ. “The Surprise of COVID Vaccine Hesitancy Among Health Care Professionals.” Open For Debate , July 26, 2021 https://blogs.cardiff.ac.uk/openfordebate/the-surprise-of-covid-vaccine-hesitancy-among-health-care-professionals/


Goldenberg MJ. “COVID Vaccines are Here: Now What?” Impact Ethics, December 18, 2020. https://impactethics.ca/2020/12/18/the-coronavirus-vaccines-are-here-now-what/


Goldenberg MJ. “COVID-19: Exposing the Crisis of Long-Term Care in Canada.” Impact Ethics, June 8, 2020.   https://impactethics.ca/2020/06/08/covid-19-exposing-the-crisis-of-long-term-care-in-canada/


Goldenberg MJ, et al. “There is No Liberal Right to Sex with Students.” Times Higher Education, May 4, 2017. https://www.timeshighereducation.com/opinion/there-is-no-liberal-right-to-sex-with-students  

Goldenberg MJ. “A Lack of Trust, Not of Science, Behind Vaccine Resistance.” Toronto Star, November 9, 2017. https://www.thestar.com/opinion/commentary/2017/11/09/a-lack-of-trust-not-of-science-behind-vaccine-resistance.html

---. “Scientific Illiteracy is Not the Tragedy of Our Times.” Impact Ethics, September 3, 2015.  https://impactethics.ca/2015/09/03/scientific-illiteracy-is-not-the-tragedy-of-our-times/

Professional Letters

Goldenberg MJ. “Antivaccination Movement Exploits Public’s Distrust in Scientific Authority.”

BMJ 2019;367:I6960 doi: 10.1136/bmj.I6960  

Goldenberg MJ. “Re New Power versus Old Power: To Beat Anti Vaccination Campaigners we Need to Learn from Them--An Essay by Perera, Timms, and Heimans.” BMJ 2019;367 https://www.bmj.com/content/367/bmj.l6447/rr-7

Goldenberg MJ. “Re David Oliver: Vaccination Sceptics are Immune to Debate.” BMJ 2019;365 https://www.bmj.com/content/365/bmj.l2244/rr-5 

Goldenberg MJ. “More than Patient-Centred Care, Patient Expertise.” BMJ 2016;354:i5123. https://www.bmj.com/content/354/bmj.i5123/rr-2 

Fuller J, REG Upshur, MJ Goldenberg. “Doctors Must Be Trained to Assess Credibility.” Canadian Medical Association Journal, Jan 7 2014; 186(1): 64. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3883830/

Fuller J, LJ Flores, REG Upshur, MJ Goldenberg. “Renaissance or Reformation for Evidence-Based Medicine?” British Medical Journal, July 30 2014; 349:g4902 doi: 10.1136/bmj.g4902

Goldenberg MJ. “The Doctor-Patient Relationship in the Age of Evidence-Based Health Care (And Not the ‘Post-Managed Care Era’): A Response to G. Caleb Alexander and Jonathan Lantos” American Journal of Bioethics, Jan-Feb 2006; 6(1): W32.

Goldenberg MJ. “Against Evidence Based Bioethics” BMJ 2005; 331:901. https://www.bmj.com/rapid-response/2011/10/31/against-evidence-based-bioethics 


“Mythbusting or Meaning-Making? Public Science Communications & the Infodemic.” Centre for the Study of Learning and Performance , Concordia University. Montreal, QC. February 2024.


“Where are the Publics in Consensus Accounts of Public Trust in Science? A Reply to Oreskes.” Fact, Fake, Fiction. Leiden University, NL. February 5-9, 2024.

Panelist, “Ethical Boundaries and Obligations of Communicating Science.” Symposium 2023:

The Ethics of Science Communication. Institute for Science & Policy, Denver Museum of Nature & Science. Virtual symposium. December 2023.

Panelist, Science and Social Trust: Politics, Religion, and the Crisis of Expertise. American Enterprise Institute, Washington, DC. October 2023.

“Mythbusting or Meaning-Making?” 17th International Congress of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science and TEchnology (CLMPST). Invited speaker. Buenos Aires, Argentina. July 2023.  

“Epistemic Corruption, Infodemics, and the Politics of Knowledge.” Epistemic Corruption Workshop. Queen's University. Kingston, Ontario. May 2023.

“Mythbusting of Meaning-Making? Public Science Communications and the Infodemic.” Centre for Ethics, University of Toronto. May 2023.

“Science, Publics, and Democracy.” Vaccine Hesitancy: Science and Society Workshop. Centre de Recherche en Éthique, University of Montreal. April 2023.

Moderated Discussion with Charles Shey Wiysonge and Jon Roozenbeek “Trust and Vaccine Hesitancy.” Consortium of Universities for Global Health (CUGH) 2023 World Health Summit Regional Meeting, Satellite Session “Rising Mistrust of Public Health, Political and Social Institutions: A Series of Nuanced Discussions.” Virtual meeting. April 2023.

“Science, Publics, and Democracy.” Politics in Search of Evidence. The Role of Political Philosophy and Public Health in the Responses to COVID-19. Munich School of Philosophy & the Institute for Social Medicine and Health Systems Research, University of Magdeburg. Magdeburg, Germany. February 2023.

“Vaccine Hesitancy and Public Mistrust of Science.” VAX-TRUST. University of Tampere. December 2022.

“Vaccine Hesitancy: Is There a War on Science?”
Humber College President’s Lecture Series. Toronto, ON. November 2022.

“Vaccine Hesitancy and Public Mistrust in Science.”
Department of Philosophy and the History of Ideas, Aarhus University. Aarhus, Denmark. June 2022.

“Rethinking Vaccine Hesitancy.” CPHAZ (Centre for Public Health and Zoonoses) Symposium, University of Guelph. Guelph, ON. May 2022.

“The End of Medical Expertise?” Max Planck Institute for History of Science, Berlin, Germany. April 2022.

“Vaccines, Science, Publics, and Democracy.” University of Guelph Retirees Association Spring Forum. Guelph, ON. April 2022.

“Public Trust in Science.” 6th Annual Undergraduate Research Conference on Science, Technology, Medicine, and Society. Virtual. March 2022.

“Is There a War on Science?” Laurier Centre for the Study of Canada. Waterloo, Ontario. February 2022.

“Vaccine Hesitancy: Science, Publics & Democracy.” One Health Seminar, University of Guelph. Guelph, ON. February  2022.

“Well-Placed Trust and Public Resistance to Science.” McGill Department of Philosophy Colloquium. McGill University. Montreal QC. February 2022.

Author Meets Critics Session: Vaccine Hesitancy Public Trust, Expertise, and the War on Science (2021) by Maya Goldenberg (with Miriam Solomon and Inmaculada de Melo-Martin). American Philosophical Association Central Division, Chicago. February 2022.

“SJSU Center for Ethics: In Conversation with Maya Goldenberg.” San Jose State University Center for Ethics. San Jose, CA. January 2022.

“A War on Science? Rethinking Vaccine Hesitancy and Refusal.” UCSD Science Studies Colloquium. University of California San Diego. San Diego, CA. January 2022.

“Rethinking Vaccine Hesitancy.” SFU Faculty of Health Sciences Research Seminar, Simon Fraser University. Vancouver, BC. January 2022.

“Vaccine Policy: A Conversation with Maya Goldenberg.” Provincial Health Services Authority (British Columbia) Ethics for Lunch Series. Vancouver, BC. January 2022.

“Well-Placed Trust & Public Resistance to Scientific Claims.” Sorbonne Séminaire de Recherche en épistémologie Sociale et Formelle. Paris, France. December 2021.

“Rethinking Vaccine Hesitancy.” Philosophers' Jam Dialogue Series, Langara College. Vancouver, BC. December 2021.

Invited speaker. 34th International Papillomavirus Conference IPVC 2021). Virtual conference. November 2021.

“Understanding and Addressing Vaccine Hesitancy.” Department of Pediatrics Research Conference, University of Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine. November 2021.  

“Rethinking Vaccine Hesitancy and Refusal.” PhilinBiomed (Institute for Philosophy of Biomedical Science) Seminar, Université de Bordeaux, France. October 2021.

Keynote address: “Public Trust in Policy Relevant Science.” Contentious Science, Tricky Politics: Experts and Scientists in Controversial Policy Debates in Europe and North America. Bordeaux, France. October 2021.

“Lecture 7: A War on Science? The Death of Expertise? Rethinking Vaccine Hesitancy.” PERITIA Lectures, Virtual. October 2021. 

Public Panel: “The Death of Expertise” (with Harry Collins and Steven Sloman) 10th Annual Calgary Public Library Panel, Calgary. May 2021.

“Understanding and Addressing Vaccine Hesitancy.” Bioethics Grand Rounds, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto. May 20, 2021.

Panel: Philosophy of Medicine on COVID-19 (with Trisha Greenhalgh, Alex Broadbent, Ross Upshur, and Sang-Wook Yi). May 2021.

“Oppression and Scientific Authority. Heidi Grasswick with Maya Goldenberg.” On Philosophy - Digital Dialogues Series. May 2021.  


Panelist. Vaccine Hesitancy (with Noni MacDonald, Janice Graham, and Devon Greyson) Dalhousie Health Law Institute- Public Health Law Agency of Canada. May 2021. Postponed until later date.


“Vaccine Hesitancy: A New Ethics of Vaccination.” (with Cailin O’Connor, Katherine, Furman. Hosted by Stephen John) Cambridge University, April 2021.


Vaccine Access, Vaccine Hesitancy: Challenges to Herd Immunity” (with Rhea Boyd, Mildred Solomon) Hastings Center Conversations - “Securing Health in a Troubled Time: Equity, Ethics, and the Common Good” Webinar Series. April 2021.


“COVID Vaccine Hesitancy Among Health Care Workers.” Ethics Grand Rounds, Thunder Bay Regional Health Sciences Centre. Thunder Bay, ON. April 20, 2021.  


Plenary speaker, Global Health Learning Symposium, Ahfad University for Women (Sudan), Maastricht University (Netherlands), Manipal Academy of Higher Education (India), McMaster University (Canada), Thammasat University (Thailand), and Universidad del Rosario (Colombia). April 2021.


Panel Discussion: “Science Communication: Expertise and Public Trust” (with Rayies Altaf, Heidi Larson, and Tarun Menon). Eth.Sci: Ethics of COVID-19 Science. Hosted by PhilSci India Group. April 2020.


Panelist: “What We Have Learned from COVID-19: The Role of Advanced Practice Nurses in Health Care.” Pan-American Health Organization webinar. March 2021.  


“Authors and Anecdotes Book Club: Featuring Maya Goldenberg” University of Pittsburgh. March 2021.


“COVID-19 Vaccination Policy” (with Maxwell Smith, Vanessa Gruben, moderator Jacob Shelley. Western Health Law Association, Western University. February 2021.


“Understanding Vaccine Hesitancy.” Centre for Vaccine Preventable Diseases Seminar Series, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto. February 2021.


Book Symposium on Vaccine Hesitancy. “Philosopher Meets Critics” new books series co-hosted by the University of Cologne and the Universidad de Federal de Bahia (Brazil), January 2021.


“COVID and Vaccination Issues” (with Tara Haelle, hosted by Scott Gabriel Knowles). COVIDCalls (webcast). Virtual. January 13, 2021.

“Vaccine Hesitancy Among Health Care Workers.” Ethics Grand Rounds, William Osler Health Centre, Brampton, ON. January26,  2021.


“Ethical Considerations on a COVID Vaccine.” Plenary Session, Australasian Association of Bioethics and Health Law. December 2020.

“COVID-19 Vaccination in an Era of Vaccine Hesitancy” [panelist] WHO Global Health Network “Epidemic Ethics” Webinar Series, October 2020.


Panel presentation to University of Guelph Board of Governors on COVID-19 research at the University of Guelph. October 2020.


2020-2021 Virtual book tour for Vaccine Hesitancy: Public Trust, Expertise, and the War on Science.

Eastern Carolina University - “Dialogues in Humanities” public panel

Universidad Nacionale Autonoma de Mexico – Department of Philosophy

Washington University in Saint Louis – Department of Philosophy

University of Texas at San Antonio– Department of Philosophy

Dalhousie University– Department of Philosophy

University of Adelaide - Public Engagement in Science and Technology Research Collaboratory

University of Haifa – Department of Philosophy

McGill University - Institute for Health and Social Policy

Michigan State University - Socially Engaged Philosophy of Science

York College of Pennsylvania- public talk

Durham University - CHESS: Centre for Humanities Engaging Science and Society

University of Manitoba – Centre for Professional and Applied Ethics

Queen’s University - School of Medicine

Oxford University - TORCH: The Oxford Research Centre in Humanities

University of Cincinnati - Center for Public Engagement with Science: “Vaccine Hesitancy. An  
        Interview with Author Maya J. Goldenberg” hosted by the Mercantile Library

University of Cincinnati - Public Engagement with Science Research Group

Montana State University- public panel

University of Cambridge - Department of Philosophy

Ontario Association of Medical Radiation Scientists - keynote speaker at annual meeting

Hospital for Sick Children (Toronto) - Bioethics Grand Rounds

Sonography Canada - webinar

New York University Grossman Medical School - Division of Medical Ethics

“Will Canadians Accept a COVID-19 Vaccine?” Café Bioethics, University of Toronto, June 2020.


“Epistemic Issues in Public Trust in Science.” 47th Annual Philosophy of Science Conference at the Inter-University Center for Post-Graduate Studies, Dubrovnik, Croatia. April 2020.

        *This conference was cancelled due to COVID 19 travel restrictions


“Trust in Science and Engineering/ Trust in Scientists and Engineers – Issues of Data-Driven Decision Making, Policy Issues and Data Sharing.” 4th Annual Ursula Franklin Forum on Science, Engineering and Society. Massey College, University of Toronto. March 2020.


“The Death of Expertise?” Public lecture as part of public lecture series “Evidence in the Age of Mass Information” hosted by the Rotman Institute of Philosophy, Department of Philosophy, and London Public Library. London Public Library, London, ON. November 2019

Invited speaker, Global Vaccination Summit. www.globalvaccinationsummit.com, Virtual event. September 16-23, 2019.

“A War on Science? The End of Expertise? Reframing the Problem of Expertise.” University of California Philosophy Colloquium (co-sponsored by Medical Humanities Series) Irvine, CA. May 2019.


“Public Trust and the Scientific Consensus on Childhood Vaccines.” Wilfrid Laurier University Philosophy Colloquium, March 2019.

“A War on Science? The Death of Expertise? Reframing the Problem of Vaccine Hesitancy and Refusal.” Intersections | Cross-sections Communications Conference, Ryerson University, March 2019.

“Public Trust and the Scientific Consensus on Childhood Vaccines.” University of Waterloo Philosophy Colloquium, March 2019.


“Public Mistrust and Health Communications on Vaccine Hesitancy and Refusal.” Education Research Community Annual Colloquium, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St. Michael’s Hospital, Toronto, February 2019.

“Teaching Uncertainty: Advancing Social Sciences and Humanities Curricula in Health Professional Education.” Fixing the Broken Links: Toward Integrating Social Sciences and Humanities and Health Professions Education, St. Michael’s Hospital, Toronto. December 2018.

“The Death of Expertise, the War on Science, and Poor Public Trust in Scientific Institutions.” Philosophy of Science Association. Seattle, WA, November 2018.

 “Public Trust and the Scientific Consensus on Childhood Vaccines” Research, Trust and Policy Workshop, University of Helsinki, October 2018.

“A War on Science? The Death of Expertise? Reframing Vaccine Hesitancy.” Public Health Ontario Grand Rounds. Toronto, September 2018. 

The Death of Expertise? Reframing Vaccine Hesitancy as Public Mistrust of Science.” 6th Annual Upshur Lecture in Public Health Ethics. University of Toronto, March 2018.

“Reframing the Problem of Vaccine Hesitancy.” Distinguished Lecture Series, Committee on History and Philosophy of Science, University of Colorado at Boulder. April 2018. 

“The Current Status of Values in Evidence Based Medicine.” Implementing Values in the

Construction of Evidence Based Medicine, Oxford, England, April 2018.

“Public Trust and the Death of Expertise.” Critical Perspectives on Vaccine Hesitancy Symposium. University of Toronto, February 2018.

“Reframing the Problem of Vaccine Hesitancy.” Ruggles Lecture in Philosophy of Medicine. Toronto, ON, June 2017

“Trust and the Scientific Consensus on Childhood Vaccines." Canadian Society for History and Philosophy of Science. Toronto, ON, May 2017,

“Reframing the Problem of Vaccine Hesitancy." Canadian Society for the Study of Practical Ethics. Toronto, ON, May 2017.

“Vaccine Hesitancy and Public Mistrust of Scientific Institutions." Canadian Immunization Research Network Annual General Meeting. Halifax, NS, May 2017.

“Reframing the Problem of Vaccine Hesitancy.” Canadian Society for Practical Ethics, Toronto, ON. May 2017.

“Trust and the Scientific Consensus on Childhood Vaccines.” Canadian Society for History and Philosophy of Science, Toronto, ON. May 2017.

 “Trust, Credibility, and the Scientific Consensus on Childhood Vaccines.” Michigan State University Philosophy Colloquia, East Lansing, MI. February 2017.

“You Can't Change an Anti-Vaxxer's Mind: Cognitive Dissonance, Cultural Cognition, and Conspiracy Theories.” University of Texas at Dallas Center for Values in Medicine, Science and Technology, Dallas, TX. April 2016.

“Public Resistance to Science." National Judicial Institute: Science in the Courtroom, Montreal, PQ.  February 2016.

“Primer on Philosophy of Science." National Judicial Institute: Science in the Courtroom, Montreal, PQ. February 2016.

“The Maverick as Scientific Hero: On the Making of Andrew Wakefield's Expertise in the Vaccine-Safety Debate.” FEMMS Feminist Epistemologies, Methodologies, Metaphysics and Science Studies. Waterloo, ON. August 2014. 

“Subject? Object? Patient? Complex Biological Machine? The Phenomenology of Person and the Person-Centered Approach to Healthcare.” European Society for Person Centered Healthcare, July 2014. Madrid, Spain.

“Philosophy of Science Meets Evidence-Based Medicine.” (Panel: Statistical Education of Scientists in Light of Philosophy of Science) Canadian Statistical Society. Toronto, ON. May 2014.


Commentator on Stathis Psillos’ “Evidence Wanted: Dead or Alive.” Institute of History and Philosophy of Science and Technology - Situating Science Joint Colloquium, Toronto ON. April 2014.


“Vaccine Hesitancy and Public Misunderstanding of Science." Science in Public: Communication, Contestation and Credibility - Science and Technology Studies (STS) Workshop. St. Thomas University, New Brunswick, NB. March 2014.

“The Fearful Public and Vaccine Hesitancy: A Challenge for Physicians.” University of Toronto Medical School History and Philosophy of Healthcare Interest Group. Toronto, ON. February 2014.


“The Placebo Orthodoxy and Multinational Trials.” Joint Centre for Bioethics Seminar Series. Toronto, ON. January 2014. 

“The Placebo Orthodoxy and the Double Standard of Care in Multinational Clinical Trials.” Philosophy of Medicine Roundtable, Columbia University, New York, NY. November 2013.


“Epistemic Trust and Vaccine Hesitancy.” Institute for the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology Colloquium Series, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON. September 2013.


“Public Misunderstanding of Science? Reframing the Problem of Vaccine Hesitancy.” Society for Philosophy of Science in Practice, June 2013, Toronto, ON.


“Heroes and Scoundrels: Trust and Blame in the Vaccine-Autism Scandal.” Arts, Science and Technology Research Alliance Speaker Series, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON. March 2013

“Is Evidence Based Medicine Good for Women’s Health?” Collaborative Program in Women’s Health – Gender & Health Seminar. University of Toronto, April 2012.

“Philosophical Considerations of Evidence Based Practice.” Clinical Psychology Colloquium, University of Guelph. Guelph, ON. April 2012.


“The MMR Vaccine Scandal and Trust in Science.” GTA Symposium on History, Philosophy, and Social Studies of Science, Technology, and Medicine. University of Guelph, Guelph, ON. May 2011.


“Reclaiming Evidence in Feminist Science Studies: A Revised View.” XIV International Association of Women Philosophers (IAPh) Symposium: Feminism, Science and Values. London, ON. June 2010.

“Ethics and the Evidence of Evidence-Based Medicine.” Specialist Seminar in Empirical Ethics. Department of Humanities, University of Tilburg, Tilburg, Netherlands. December 2010


“Responsibility and Pink Ribbon Activism” Canadian Society for Women in Philosophy. University of Guelph, Guelph, ON. October 2009.


“FAB (Feminist Approaches to Bioethics) Panel: Gender, Feminism and Evidence.” Canadian Society for Bioethics. Hamilton, ON. June 2009.


“Resituating Evidence in Feminist Science Studies.” Society for Philosophy of Science in Practice. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN. June 2009.


 “Evidence and Governance in Women’s Healthcare.” University of Warwick Women’s Health Workshop Series, Coventry, UK. May 2009.


“Campaigning for the Cure: Women’s Health and the Ethics of Pink Ribbon Activism.” Working to Be Healthy: Negotiating Health Information and Technology in a Consumerist Age. London, ON. May 2009


“Clinical Evidence and the Absent Body in Medical Epistemology.” Canadian Philosophical Association. Vancouver, BC. June 2008.


“Advancing an Ethics of Evidence for Biomedical Ethics.” Canadian Society for the Study of Practical Ethics, Vancouver, BC. June 2008.


“Rehabilitating the Evidence in Evidence-Based Medicine: A Davidsonian Account of Evidence.”    Philosophy of Medicine Roundtable, Birmingham, AL. March 2008.


“Closing Remarks.” Critical Debates in Evidence-Based Medicine: Where We’ve Been and Where We’re Going, Toronto, ON. November 2008.


“Clinical Evidence and the Absent Body in Medical Epistemology.” Canadian Society for Women in Philosophy. Windsor, ON. October 2008.


“Clinical Evidence and the Absent Body.” Feminist Approaches to Bioethics. Rijeka, Croatia. September 2008.


“Challenging the Hierarchy of Medicine in Evidence Based Medicine.” Society for Philosophy of Science in Practice, 1st Biennial Conference. University of Twente, Enschede, Netherlands. August 2007.


“Theorizing Within/Against Health.” National Women’s Studies Association. St. Charles, IL. July 2007.

“On Evidence and the Embodied Experience of Illness: A Phenomenology of Evidence Based Health Care.” Women’s Mental Health Program Grand Rounds, Women’s College Hospital. Toronto, ON. May 2007.

“Advancing an Ethics of Evidence.” University of Toronto Joint Centre for Bioethics, Toronto, ON. April 2007.

“Investigating Embodiment Issues in Evidence Based Approaches to Women’s Health: Part I.

Phenomenology of Illness and the Absent Body” Healthcare, Technology and Place Seminar
University of Toronto. November 2006.

“Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) in the Hospital,” William Osler Health Centre
Ethics Forum,
Etobicoke, ON. June 14. 2006.

“Iconoclast or Creed: Objectivism, Pragmatism, and Evidence Based Medicine’s Hierarchy of Evidence.” Canadian Society for the History and Philosophy of Science. Saskatchewan, SK. May 2006.

“On the Power/Knowledge of Evidence Based Medicine: A Political Economy Perspective.” Canadian Philosophical Association, Saskatoon, SK. May 2006.

“On Evidence Based Approaches to Decision Making and the Role of Empirical Evidence in Moral

Judgments,” Ryerson University Department of Philosophy Colloquium Series, Toronto, ON. November 2005.

“Evidence Based Bioethics? The Empirical Turn and a Crisis of Confidence in Bioethics,”

Canadian Bioethics Society, Halifax, NS. October 2005.

“The Ethics of Bioethics: Public Perceptions, Accreditation, Big Pharma and Other Questions of

Legitimacy in the Professionalisation of Bioethics,” University of Toronto Joint Centre for

Bioethics Clinical Ethics Forum. Toronto, ON. March 11, 2005

“Feminist Responses to Evidence Based Practices: Alternative Configurations of Evidence and the

Problem of Relativism in Feminist Epistemology,” Canadian Women’s Studies Association,

London, ON. June 2005.

“On Evidence Based Ethics and the ‘Empirical Turn’ in Medical Ethics,” Canadian Society for the

Study of Practical Ethics, London, ON. May 2005.

“On Evidence and Evidence Based Medicine: Lessons from the Philosophy of Science,” American

Society for Bioethics and Humanities. Philadelphia, PA. October 2004.

“Privilege and Performativity in J. L. Austin’s Speech Act Theory.” Canadian Philosophical

Association, Halifax, NS. May 2003.

“The Problem of Exclusion in Feminist Theory and Politics: A Metaphysical Investigation into

Constructing a Category of ‘Woman’.” Canadian Women’s Studies Association, Halifax, NS. June 2003.

“Privilege and Performativity: The Workings of Privilege in Speech Act Theory.” Society for

Women in Philosophy (Midwest Division), East Lansing, MI. March 2003.

“Commentary: Creating Sexuality—Self-Constitution and Perversion in the Ethics of Michel

Foucault.” Michigan State University 3rd Annual Philosophy Graduate Student Conference,

East Lansing, MI. October 2001.

“Moral Deliberation in the Clinic: Theory and Practice in Equilibrium.” Canadian Bioethics Society,

Quebec City, PQ. October 2000.

“Sexuality in the Nursing Home.” Canadian Bioethics Society, Edmonton, AB. October 1999.

Invited Workshops

Vaccine Trust: Community Collaborative. National Preparedness Leadership Initiative, Harvard University.Virtual Workshop. April 6, 2021.

Vaccination Engagement Roundtable. The British Academy, Social Science Research Council, and the UK’s Science & Innovation Network. Virtual Workshop. October 8, 2020.

        Outcome: Mills, M. “COVID-19 Vaccine Deployment: Behaviour, Ethics, Misinformation and          Policy Strategies.” Royal Society, October 2020.  

Integrating Values in Evidence-Based Medicine. London School of Economics, London, UK. October 18-21, 2019.

Editorial Work

Associate Editor for Philosophy of Medicine, 2020- present.

Guest co-editor for special issue of Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C featuring paper from the 7th International Philosophy of Medicine Roundtable meeting in Toronto, 2017

Guest co-editor for “Philosophy and Medicine” series (5 issues) in Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 2010-2015 

“Diseases, Patients, and the Epistemology of Practice” (Vol. 21, Iss. 3, Summer 2015)

“Explanation, Understanding, and Experience” (Vol. 19, Iss. 3 - Summer 2013)

“Reasoning in Medicine” (Vol. 18, Iss. 5 - Winter 2012)

“Progress in Medicine” (Vol. 17, Iss. 5 - Fall 2011)
“Ethics, Epistemology, and Medicine” (Vol. 16, Iss. 2 – Spring 2010)

Guest co-editor for special issue of Perspectives in Biology and Medicine on Evidence-Based Medicine (Vo. 52, Iss. 2; Spring 2009).

2022 Philosophy of Science Association DEI Prize in Feminist Philosophy of Science  

Research groups

Philosophy of Medicine Working Group, 2017-present   

Epistemic Corruption Working Group, 2022-present


Advisory and Editorial Boards

EU Horizon 2020 Programme Call: Addressing low vaccine uptake (ID: SC1-BHC-33-2020): VAX-TRUST: Addressing vaccine hesitancy in Europe (PI: Pia Vuolanto, University of Tampere).


Academic Advisory Board, The Medical Scepticism Project. TSIP (The Social Innovation Partnership)2021-present

Book Series: Science, Values and the Public, University of Pittsburgh Press. 2019-present

Editorial Board, Studies in History and Philosophy of Science. 2017-present

Advisory Board, Feminist Philosophy Quarterly. 2015–present

Steering Committees  

Centre for Public Health and Zoonosis, University of Guelph. 2021-present.

One Health Institute Advisory Board, University of Guelph. 2022-present.




Pre-exposure Mpox Vaccination Campaigns aimed at GBTMSM+ and Sex Work Communities: What Worked in 2022 and What Can we Learn to Strengthen Future Targeted Vaccination Campaigns to Stigmatized Communities in Infodemic Times?


Canadian Institutes of Health Research Funding Opportunity: Mpox and Zoonotic Threats


Science Communications in an Uncertain World

Principal Investigator

SSHRC Institutional Grant


Science Communications in an Uncertain World

Principal Investigator

College of Arts Faculty Research Seed Fund  


The Politics of Health: A KMb Podcast Series

Principal Investigator

SSHRC Connections Grant


Epistemic Corruption


SSHRC Insight Grant


Personal Support Worker (PSW)-led Vaccine Education for PSWs: A Coalition to Rebuild Trust and Support Informed Choice  




Government of Canada Immunization Partnership Fund


Reducing COVID-19 Vaccine Hesitancy in Canadian Immigrants


CIHR Operating Grant


Overcoming COVID-19 Vaccine Hesitancy




Initiative in

Infection and



Fixing the Broken Links: Toward

Integrating Social Sciences and

Humanities in the Health Professions


SSHRC Connection Grant


Integrating Values into Evidence-Based Medicine


Wellcome Trust


Across the Great Divide: Challenging the Qualitative-Quantitative Paradigm Gap


SSHRC Insight Development Grant


Public Deliberation on Vaccine Hesitancy


CIHR Project Grant


Retheorizing Medical Evidence and the Clinical Body

Principal Investigator

SSHRC General

Research Grant


Critical Debates in Evidence Based Medicine


Connaught Fund


Situating Science (SSRC Knowledge Cluster)


SSHRC Strategic Knowledge Cluster


Critical Debates in Evidence Based Medicine


CIHR Planning and Dissemination Grant


Post-Doctoral Funding Grant, Program in Healthcare, Technology, and Place, University of Toronto

Principal Investigator

CIHR Strategic Initiative


CIHR Fellowship

Principal Investigator

Ontario Women’s Health Council/CHIR Institute for Gender and Health Fellowship


Graduate Student advising

Current supervision

Orsolya Csaszar (PhD, Guelph)

Nicola Cribb (MA, Guelph)

Current advisory committee membership

Tanja Samardzic (PSYCH PhD, Guelph)

Angela Underhill (FRAN PhD, Guelph)
Meredith Bessey (FRAN PhD, Guelph)
Austin Due (IHPST PhD, Toronto)
Adrian Yee (IHPST PhD, Toronto)

Denisa Poppa (IHPST PhD, Toronto)

Past supervision

Ashley Raspopovic (PhD, Guelph)

Shannon Buckley (PhD, Guelph)
Amy Butchart (PhD, Guelph)

Clair Baleshta (MA, Guelph)

Camille Irvine (MA, Guelph)

Vanita Fernandes (MA, Guelph)

Past advisory committees

Shannon Boss (PHIL PhD, Guelph)

Quinn McGlade Ferentzy (PHIL MA, Guelph)
Angela Van Arragon (PHIL MA, Guelph)
Lauren Elliott (PHIL MA, Guelph)
Lucy Langston (PHIL MA, McMaster)

Boyana Peric (PHIL MA, Guelph)
Amanda Jenkins (PSYCH PhD, Guelph)
Nicole Andrejek (SOC MA, Guelph)

Michael Cournoyea (IHPST PhD, Toronto)

External examiner

Ramash Prasad, PhD Dissertation in Philosophy of Medicine, University of Waterloo (2018)

Teresa Branch Smith, PhD Dissertation in Science and Values, University of Waterloo (2019)


PHIL 2030 Philosophy of Medicine

PHIL 2180 Philosophy of Science
PHIL 3170 Critical Debates in Philosophy of Science

PHIL 3390 Feminist Philosophy

PHIL 3450 Ethics in the Life Sciences

PHIL 4140 Current Debates in Philosophy of Science
PHIL 4310 Applied Ethics
PHIL 4390 Selected Topics in Philosophy
PHIL 6240 Biomedical Ethics
PHIL 6730 Contemporary Philosophy of Science

PHIL 6760 Science and Ethics

PHIL 6930 Philosophy of Computing

PHIL 6960 PhD Seminar

ASCI 1000 Science & Society
ASCI 2050 Uses of Knowledge
ASCI 4000 Arts and Sciences Honours Seminar
ASCI 4010 Honours Research Seminar

ASCI 4020 Topics in Arts & Science Research

ASCI 4030 Topics in Arts & Science Research

Other Professional Roles

Service to the University of Guelph

Search Committee for Department Chair (Philosophy), 2022

New Program Development: “Health, Culture, and Ethics” (Major and Minor)

University of Guelph Senator, 2017-2020

Board of Undergraduate Studies, 2019-2020

Chair, Inclusion and Equity Committee (PHIL) 2019-2021, 2022

College of Arts Tenure and Promotion Committee, 2017-2019

Philosophy Speaker Series Coordinator, 2020-2022

Philosophy Tenure and Promotion Committee, 2015-2017

Philosophy Sessional Hiring Committee, 2015-2016

Philosophy Graduate Studies Committee 2011-2012, 2021-2022, 2022-2023

BAS Program Committee (permanent position: curriculum, admissions, academic review)

Service to the Professional Community

Royal Society of Canada Working Group “Connecting Humanities Expertise to Public Health and

Invited Reviewer for Royal Society of Canada Policy Brief: Harmon S, Graham, J, et al. 2021.
    Invigorating Public Health in Canada: New Governance for Immunization in the Post-COVID-19
Royal Society of Canada.  
Academic Advisory Board,
The Social Innovation Project, 2021-present
Advisory Board,
VAX-Trust Project: Addressing Vaccine Hesitancy in Europe  (PI: Pia Vuolanto)

Associate Editor, Philosophy of Medicine, 2020-present 

Editorial Board, Science, Values, and the Public Book Series, University of Pittsburgh Press,
Advisory Board,
Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science, 2017-present

Editorial Review Board, Feminist Philosophy Quarterly, 2014-present

European Science Foundation College of Expert Reviewers (grant reviewer) 2017-present
Section Editor for Philosophy of Medicine,
PhilPapers 2015-present   

Organizing Committee, Philosophy of Science Association 2017 meeting

Organizing Committee, Canadian Society for Women in Philosophy 2009

*last updated February 2024