Learning Map for Science

Autumn 1

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4

Year 5

Year 6

Theme overview

Animals, including humans

(Parts of the Body)

Seasons

Living things and their habitats

Forces and Magnets

Living things and their habitats

Properties and changes of materials

Electricity

Key Content (Skills/knowledge)

- Identify, name, draw and label the basic parts of the human body and say which is associated with which sense.

- Pupils should have plenty of opportunities to learn the names of the main body parts (including head, neck, arms, elbows, legs, knees, face, ears, eyes, hair, mouth, teeth) through games and rhymes.

- observe changes across the four seasons

- explore and compare the differences between things that are living, dead, and things that have never been alive

- describe how animals obtain their food from plants and other animals, using the idea of a simple food chain, and identify and name different sources of food

-compare how things move on different surfaces

-recognise that some forces need contact between two objects, bt magnetic forces can act at a distance

-observe how magnets attract or repel each other and attract some materials and not others

-Identify, compare and group together a variety of everyday materials on the basis of whether they are attracted to a magnet

-Identify some magnetic materials

- describe magnets as having two poles  

- predict whether two magnets will attract or repel each other, depending on which poles are facing.

- recognise that living things can be grouped in a variety of ways

- explore and use classification keys to help group, identify and name a variety of living things in their local and wider environment

- recognise that environments can change and that this can sometimes pose dangers to living things

-compare and group together everyday materials on the basis of their properties, including their hardness, solubility, transparency, conductivity (electrical and thermal), and response to magnets

-Know that some materials will dissolve in liquid to form a solution, and describe how to recover a substance from a solution  

-Use knowledge of solids, liquids and gases to decide how mixtures might be separated, including through filtering, sieving and evaporating

-Give reasons, based on evidence from comparative and fair tests, for the particular uses of everyday materials, including metals, wood and plastic  

-Demonstrate that dissolving, mixing and changes of state are reversible changes  

-Explain that some changes result in the formation of new materials, and that this kind of change is not usually reversible, including changes associated with burning and the action of acid on bicarbonate of soda.

-associate the brightness of a lamp or the volume of a buzzer with the number and voltage of cells used in the circuit  

-compare and give reasons for variations in how components function, including the brightness of bulbs, the loudness of buzzers and the on/off position of switches  

-Use recognised symbols when representing a simple circuit in a diagram.

KPIs

Y1.4 Name the main parts of the body, including those related to the 5 senses

Y1.7 Describe how the weather varies with the season

Y2.5 Describe the basic needs of humans and other animals (water, food, air)

Y3.10 Identify whether or not materials are magnetic

Y3.1 Set up simple fair tests

Y3.2 Collect and present data from scientific experiments

Y3.3 Use results from experiments to draw simple conclusions or suggest improvements

Y4.3 Use a classification key to identify plants or animals

Y5.2 Report conclusions and explanations from scientific investigations

Y5.4 Explain how mixtures can be separated through filtering, sieving and evaporating

Y5.5 Explain that some irreversible changes form new materials

Y6.9 Explain how the number of voltages of cells affects bulbs, buzzers or motors in a circuit

Y6.10 Use recognised symbols when representing a simple circuit in a diagram.

Core Vocabulary

head, neck, arms, elbows, legs, knees, face, ears, eyes, hair, mouth, teeth

autumn, winter, spring, summer, rain, clouds, sun, snow, hail, frost, sleet, wind,

Living, dead, food chain, alive, healthy, depend on each other, source of food,  

magnetic, poles, strength , relationship, behave, properties, grouping, sorting,

Classification, guide, key, explore, identify, plants, local, living, grouping, flowering plants, non-flowering plants, vertebrates, mammals, fish, amphibians, birds, reptiles, invertebrates, snails, slugs, worms, spiders, insects, human impact, positive, negative, nature parks, reserves, pollution, plastics, building sites, demolition, litter, deforestation, prey availability

materials, hardness, solubility, transparency, conductivity, electrical, thermal, magnets, solution, dissolve, solid, liquid, gas, separation, filtering, filtration, sieving, evaporating, everyday material, change of state, reversible, irreversible, burning, rusting, reaction, melting, chemist,

symbols, components, switches, bulbs, buzzer, motor, simple circuit, series circuits, systematically,

Autumn 2

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4

Year 5

Year 6

Theme overview

Materials Properties

Living things and their habitats

Light

Materials – States of matter

Forces

Living things and their habitats

Key Content

(Skills/knowledge)

- distinguish between an object and the material from which it is made

- identify and name a variety of everyday materials, including wood, plastic, glass,

metal, water, and rock

- describe the simple physical properties of a variety of everyday materials (hard/soft; stretchy/stiff; shiny/dull; waterproof/not waterproof; absorbent/not absorbent; opaque/transparent)

- compare and group together a variety of everyday materials on the basis of their simple physical properties

- identify that most living things live in habitats to which they are suited and describe how different habitats provide for the basic needs of different kinds of animals and plants, and how they depend on each other

- identify and name a variety of plants and animals in their habitats, including microhabitats

- recognise that they need light in order to see things and that dark is the absence of light

 

- notice that light is reflected from surfaces  

- recognise that light from the sun can be dangerous and that there are ways to protect their eyes  

- recognise that shadows are formed when the light from a light source is blocked by an opaque object

- find patterns in the way that the size of shadows change.

- compare and group materials together, according to whether they are solids, liquids

or gases

- observe that some materials change state when they are heated or cooled, and

measure or research the temperature at which this happens in degrees Celsius (°C)

(States of Matter)

-explain that unsupported objects fall towards the Earth because of the force of gravity acting between the Earth and the falling object

-Identify the effects of air resistance, water resistance and friction, that act between moving surfaces  

-Recognise that some mechanisms, including levers, pulleys and gears, allow a smaller force to have a greater effect.

-describe how living things are classified into broad groups according to common observable characteristics and based on similarities and differences, including microorganisms, plants and animals

-give reasons for classifying plants and animals based on specific characteristics.

KPIs

Y1.2 Organise objects or materials into group

Y1.6 Describe the simple physical properties of a variety of everyday materials

Y2.3 Describe how some plants and animals are suited to different habitats

Y2.5 Describe the basic needs of humans and other animals (water, food, air)

Y3.9 Explain how shadows are formed

Y3.1 Set up simple fair tests

Y3.2 Collect and present data from scientific experiments

Y3.3 Use results from experiments to draw simple conclusions or suggest improvements

Y4.6 Compare and group materials together, according to whether they are solids, liquids or gases

Y4.2 Present findings using tables, graphs and charts as appropriate

Y5.8 Identify the effects of gravity, air resistance, water resistance and friction

Y5.9 Identify simple mechanisms including levers, pulleys and gears that increase effect of a force.

Y6.4 Classify some plants, animals or micro-organisms, explaining the choices made

Core Vocabulary

hard/soft; stretchy/stiff; shiny/dull; waterproof/not waterproof; absorbent/not absorbent; opaque/transparent; brick; paper; fabrics; elastic; foil

Habitat, natural environment, home, micro-habitat, log, leaf litter, plants, familiar habitat, ocean, seashore, woodland, rainforest,

light, protect, bounce, bright lights, shadows, formed, light source, distance, object

Solid, liquid, gas, temperature, condensation,  materials, hold shape, heated, cooled, reversible, irreversible, thermometer, CO2, evaporation, states of matter, changes

Forces, resistance, effects, air resistance, fall, move, faster, slower, friction, movement, stops, brake, lever, pulley, gear, simple machines, Gailieo, Isaac Newton, gravity, shapes, springs,

classification, micro-organisms, living, plants, animals, subdivision, classify, invertebrates (insects, spiders, snails, worms), vertibrates (reptiles, fish, amphibians, birds, mammals), Carl Linnaeus, key, identify, immediate environment,

Spring 1

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4

Year 5

Year 6

Theme overview

Plants

Plants

Rocks

Animals, including humans

Living things and habitats

Light

Key Content (Skills/knowledge)

- identify and name a variety of common wild and garden plants, including deciduous and evergreen trees

- identify and describe the basic structure of a variety of common flowering plants, including trees

- Ask simple questions (about plants growing in their habitat, observe the growth of flowers (and vegetables) that they have planted.)

- observe and describe how seeds and bulbs grow into mature plants

-find out and describe how plants need water, light and a suitable temperature to grow and stay healthy

- compare and group together different kinds of rocks on the basis of their appearance and simple physical properties

- describe in simple terms how fossils are formed when things that have lived are trapped within rock  

- recognise that soils are made from rocks and organic matter.

- describe the simple functions of the basic parts of the digestive system in humans

- identify the different types of teeth in humans and their simple functions

- construct and interpret a variety of food chains, identifying producers, predators and prey.

describe the life process of reproduction in some plants and animals.

Oberserve changes over time

Asking pertinent questions -

Predict reasons - relate the outcome from an enquiry to scientific knowledge in order to state whether evidence supports or refutes an argument or theory.

-recognise that light appears to travel in straight lines  

-Use the idea that light travels in straight lines to explain that objects are seen because they give out or reflect light into the eye  

-Explain that we see things because light travels from light sources to our eyes or from light sources to objects and then to our eyes

- Use the idea that light travels in straight lines to explain why shadows have the same shape as the objects that cast them.

KPIs

Y1.3 Name the main parts of plants and trees

Y2.3 Describe how some plants and animals are suited to different habitats

Y2.4 Describe the basic needs for plant growth (light, water, appropriate temperature)

Y2.1 Use simple equipment for observations

Y2.2 Collect information to help to answer scientific questions

Y3.1 Set up simple fair tests

Y3.2 Collect and present data from scientific experiments

Y3.3 Use results from experiments to draw simple conclusions or suggest improvements

Y3.7 Identify the three main rock types and describe their properties

Y3.8 Describe how fossils are formed.

Y4.4 Describe the simple functions of the basic parts of the digestive system in humans

Y4.5 Construct and interpret a variety of food chains, identifying producers, predators and prey.

Y5.3 Describe the life process of reproduction in some plants and animals.

Y6.8 Use diagrams to explain how we see things

Core Vocabulary

Deciduous, evergreen, leaves, flowers, blossom, petals, fruit, roots, bud, seed, trunk, branches, stem

Germination, growth, survival, reproduction, seeds, bulbs, comparative test, light, water, continuous data

rocks, rubbed together, fossils, appearance, alive, organic matter, soil,

similarities, differences, changes, water

Digestive system, mouth, tongue, teeth, esophagus, stomach, intestine, canines, molars, pre-molars, incisors, predator, prey, primary producers, food chain,

plants, reproduction, sexual reproduction, plants, rainforest, local, ocean, pre-historic, similarities and differences, parent plant, seed, stem, root cutting, tubers, bulbs, changes

light sources, reflection, shadows, rearview mirror, periscope, straight lines, rainbows, colours, bent in water, filters

Spring 2

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4

Year 5

Year 6

Theme overview

Weather and Seasons

Animals, including humans (lambing trip)

Animals, including humans - skeletons and muscles and nutrition

Materials (states of matter)

Earth and Space

Evolution and inheritance

Key Content

(Skills/knowledge)

- observe changes across the four seasons

- observe and describe weather associated with the seasons (weather changes; not to look into the sun) and how day lengtharies

- notice that animals, including humans, have offspring which grow into adults

- identify that humans and some animals have skeletons and muscles for support, protection and movement

-identify that animals including humans, need different amounts of nutrition, and that they cannot make their own food; they get nutrition from what they eat.

- identify the part played by evaporation and condensation in the water cycle and

associate the rate of evaporation with temperature

-describe the movement of the Earth, and other planets, relative to the Sun in the solar system

-Describe the movement of the Moon relative to the Earth  

-Describe the Sun, Earth and Moon as approximately spherical bodies  

-Use the idea of the Earth’s rotation to explain day and night and the apparent movement of the sun across the sky.

-recognise that living things have changed over time and that fossils provide information about living things that inhabited the Earth millions of years ago  

-recognise that living things produce offspring of the same kind, but normally offspring vary and are not identical to their parents  

-identify how animals and plants are adapted to suit their environment in different ways and that adaptation may lead to evolution.

KPIs

Y1.7 Describe how the weather varies with the season

Y2.1 Use simple equipment for observations

Y2.2 Collect information to help to answer scientific questions

Y3.6 Explain some functions of skeletons and muscles in animals

Y3.1 Set up simple fair tests

Y3.2 Collect and present data from scientific experiments

Y3.3 Use results from experiments to draw simple conclusions or suggest improvements

Y4.7 Explain the main stages of the water cycle

Y5.6 Describe the movement of the Earth, and other planets, relative to the Sun

Y5.7 Explain day and night on earth, and the apparent movement of the Sun

Y6.6 Recognise that living things produce offspring which are not usually identical to their parents

Y6.7 Identify how adaptation of plants and animals over time may lead to evolution.

Core Vocabulary

autumn, winter, spring, summer, rain, clouds, sun, snow, hail, frost, sleet, wind, categorical data, bar chart

Reproduction, growth, offspring, adults

skeleton, shull, femur,

pelvis, ribs, spine, humerus, hand, tibia, radius and ulna, foot, collar, knee-cap

bicep, tricep, quadricep, contract, relax, movement, joint, lever, force, rotate, pull, pivot, energy, hamstring, tendon, antagonistic

Water cycle, condensation, lake, river, sea, ground water, ocean, stream, reservoir, aquifer, purification, clouds, evaporation, filtration, filtered, chlorine, bacteria,

Model, sun, moon, earth, day, night, star, centre of the solar system, Mercury, venus, earth, mars, jupiter, saturn, uranus, neptune, pluto, dwarf planet, celestial body, orbit, planet, geocentric, heliocentric, Ptolemy, Alhazen, Copernicus, shadow, sundials, calibrated, astronomical

fossils, characteristics, parents, offspring, breeds of dogs, variation, less or more able to survive, environment, palaeontologists, Mary Anning, Charles Darwin, Alfred Wallace, evolution, genes, chromosomes, adapted, extreme conditions, advantage, disadvantage,

Summer 1

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4

Year 5

Year 6

Theme overview

Animals, including humans

Animals, including humans

Plant growth

Electricity

Animals, including humans

Animals, including humans

Key Content (Skills/knowledge)

- identify and name a variety of common animals including fish, amphibians, reptiles,

birds and mammals

- describe and compare the structure of a variety of common animals (fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals, including pets)

- find out about and describe the basic needs of animals, including humans, for

survival (water, food and air)

- describe the importance for humans of exercise, eating the right amounts of different types of food, and hygiene

- identify and describe the functions of different parts of flowering plants:roots, stem/trunk, leaves and flowers

-explore the requirements of plants for life and growth (air, light, water, nutrients from soil, and room to grow) and how they vary from plant to plant

- identify common appliances that run on electricity

- construct a simple series electrical circuit, identifying and naming its basic parts, including cells, wires, bulbs, switches and buzzers

- identify whether or not a lamp will light in a simple series circuit, based on whether or

not the lamp is part of a complete loop with a battery

- recognise that a switch opens and closes a circuit and associate this with whether or not a lamp lights in a simple series circuit

- recognise some common conductors and insulators, and associate metals with being good conductors

-describe the changes as humans develop to old age.

- identify and name the main parts of the human circulatory system, and describe the functions of the heart, blood vessels and blood

- recognise the impact of diet, exercise, drugs, and lifestyle on the way their bodies function

- describe the ways in which nutrients and water are transported within animals, including humans.

KPIs

Y1.5 Describe and compare the features of different groups of animals

Y2.5 Describe the basic needs of humans and other animals (water, food, air)

Y2.6 Explain the importance of diet, exercise and hygiene

Y3.1 Set up simple fair tests

Y3.2 Collect and present data from scientific experiments

Y3.3 Use results from experiments to draw simple conclusions or suggest improvements

Y3.4 Describe the main requirements for plant growth (air, light, water, nutrients from soil, and room to grow)

Y4.9 Construct a simple series electrical circuit, identifying and naming its basic parts

Describe the changes as humans develop to old age.

Y6.5 Explain the main parts and functions of the human circulatory system, including heart and blood vessels

Core Vocabulary

fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals, pets, local environment

Survival, healthy, basic needs, exercise, hygiene, nutrition, food, diet, air

flowering plants:roots, stem/trunk, leaves and flowers

requirements, life, growth,air, light, water, nutrients from soil, room to grow, vary

Simple series, electrical circuit, cells, wires, bulbs, switches, buzzers, switch, open and closed circuits, metals, common conductors, insulators, pictorial representation, safety, patterns, brighter

Stages, growth, development, humans, changes, puberty, gestation, other animals, length, mass, baby,

Body, ciculatory, blood, veins, arteries, healthy, drugs, substances, harmful, diet, exercise, lifestyle, cell, blood cell, alcohol, paracetamol, unhealthy

Summer 2

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4

Year 5

Year 6

Theme overview

Animals, including humans

Uses of everyday materials

Plants - nutritional requirements and life cycle

Sound

Living things and their habitats

Sex Ed

Drugs continued.

Key Content

(Skills/knowledge)

- identify and name a variety of common animals that are carnivores, herbivores and omnivores

- observe changes across the four seasons

- identify and compare the suitability of a variety of everyday materials, including

wood, metal, plastic, glass, brick, rock, paper and cardboard for particular uses

- questioning - find out how the shapes of solid objects made from some materials can be changed by squashing, bending, twisting and stretching

- Different materials are used for the same thing (eg, wooden spoon, metal, plastic, but not glass.) Explain why properties make them suitable or unsuitable.

-investigate the way in which water is transported within plants

-explore the part that flowers play in the life cycle of flowering plants, including pollination, seed formation and seed dispersal

- identify how sounds are made, associating some of them with something vibrating

- recognise that vibrations from sound travel through a medium to the ear

- find patterns between the pitch of a sound and features of the object that produced it

- find patterns between the volume of a sound and the strength of the vibrations that

produced it

- recognise that sounds get fainter as the distance from the sound source increases

- describe the differences in the life cycles of a mammal, amphibian, an insect and a bird

- understand how a baby is made from an egg and a sperm, how the baby grows and how it is born

See PSHE for supporting lessons.

KPIs

Y1.5 Describe and compare the features of different groups of animals

Y1.7 Describe how the weather varies with the season

Y2.7 Describe different uses of materials according to their properties

Y3.1 Set up simple fair tests

Y3.2 Collect and present data from scientific experiments

Y3.3 Use results from experiments to draw simple conclusions or suggest improvements

Y3.5 Explain the main stages of plant reproduction (pollination, fertilisation, seed dispersal)

Y4.1 Take accurate measurements using a range of scientific apparatus

Y4.8 Explains how sounds are made and heard

Y4.2 Present findings using tables, graphs and charts as appropriate

Y5.3 Describe the life process of reproduction in some plants and animals.

Y5.3 Describe the life process of reproduction in some plants and animals.

Core Vocabulary

fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals, pets, local environment

autumn, winter, spring, summer, rain, clouds, sun, snow, hail, frost, sleet, wind

Wood, metal, plastic, glass, brick, rock, paper, cardboard, uses, solid object, shapes, properties, suitable, unsuitable

pollen, anther, sepal,

stem, ovule, style, stigma, petal, stem, leaf, root, nutrition, support, reproduction, pollination, fertilisation, seed dispersal, stem, flower

Vibration , range, musical, pitch, volume, sound, patterns, objects, thickness, size, insulation, play

life-cycle, local environment, throughout the year, changes, naturalists, animal behaviourists, David Attenborough, Jane Goodall, sexual, asexual, plants,

baby, sperm, egg, fertilised, birth, relationships, cell,