Committee: HISTORICAL COMMITTEE
Topic Area: The Peace Treaty of Versailles: Addressing the foundation of the League of Nations
Delegate Name: Koparis Theodoros
As we all know with the Treaty of Versailles ended the First World War and created the League of Nations. The League of Nations was aimed at maintaining peace through collective action and the promotion of international cooperation in the economic and social spheres. We note that its role is not limited to arbitration and conciliation of disputes between States but could impose economic or military sanctions if deemed necessary. However with the outbreak of the Second World War it became clear that it had failed in its main objective, the maintenance of peace.
The League managed to impose its decisions only in small countries such as Greece (Greece Bulgaria episode, in 1925), or to contribute to secondary for international affairs issues such as rehabilitation of refugees etc. Failed to restrain aggression and impose penalties on countries that threaten world peace. There were several factors that were negative in the prestige and power of the League of Nations and led to the final and full depreciation, as the non-participation of the two great powers (USA and Russia), the absence of peacekeepers towards imposition of decisions, the rise of totalitarian regimes in power (with expansive and aggressive aspirations towards the territorial integrity of other States). It is also worth noting the great recession and the small role he played in the demise of the League of Nations by facilitating the rise of Nazism (Hitler), causing a public outcry and making people to foster extremism, as they seemed capable of offer simple solutions to problems such as hunger and humiliation brought by the Treaty of Versailles.
Denmark has been a member of the League of Nations since its inception on 8 March, 1920 and Danish politicians and idealists have worked to promote its goals by adapting the country's defense policy. To achieve the above the Danish army and navy were disarmed having the smallest army in the 20's. Denmark has been a member of the League of Nations all the years and has tried to support every move that seemed to contribute to peace. It is worth noting that even today, the Danish schools are celebrating the first day of the League of the Nations, the first Monday of September.
Even today in many parts of the world the relations of States tested and are ready to explode. For example the Middle East today is more violent, more volatile and more complicated than ever. The recognition of Israel by the United States, the operation in Gaza, the evacuation of foreign nationals from Libya, the bombing of Kurd of Syria from Turkey, contribute to the need for disarmament in the Middle East. Also mention the inevitable tension between the Empire of Japan and the Republic of China. Despite the strengthening of economic ties after the war, the two countries have not forgotten the painful past. The Japan had occupied much of China, the decades 1930’s and 1940’s, and had committed war crimes on a large scale in the Chinese population. In all the above also add to the growing revival of Nazism and of the authoritarian regimes in Europe. The last years unfortunately we see constantly increases the strength and their presence in the elections and parliaments of European States.
But it is a fact that the worldwide wars and conflicts are not stopped and unfortunately affect all States either directly (as relevant) or indirectly (trade, refugees etc). We believe that emphasis should be placed on a new kind of diplomacy using new communication of technologies. So the negotiations will be implemented in direct time and public space leading to the elimination of secret contacts and hidden political calculations. Ιt should also be stressed that the role of education is undoubtedly necessary, as the school community shapes citizens with the virtue of tolerance and respect for the different (religion, beliefs, color), thereby highlighting its value multiculturalism.
We are working and we hope for future creative partnerships to maintain peace. We are also willing to take part in any mission aimed at preventing and suppressing peace-related events.