Stay-at-Home Orders:
What is Considered an “Essential Business”?


One of the first ways states responded to the COVID-19 pandemic was to require residents to stay at home and to order "non-essential" businesses to close physical locations and require 100 percent of their workforce to telecommute. This resource tracks what states and localities issued Stay at Home orders and what businesses were defined as essential in these states. Now that all 50 states have begun reopening their economies, we'll no longer be maintaining this resource. Refer to our
State and Local Policy Dashboard and COVID-19 State Reopening Guide for the most up-to-date information.  

This resource is provided by MultiState Associates (www.multistate.us).

CISA Guidance


The Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) released the first version of a
guidance document on March 19 detailing which workers should be considered essential critical infrastructure workers by state and local governments. This guidance was updated on March 28, and subsequently on April 17 and May 19, and now includes workers across the following sectors:

  • Healthcare / Public Health
  • Law Enforcement, Public Safety, First Responders
  • Food and Agriculture
  • Energy
  • Water and Wastewater
  • Transportation and Logistics
  • Public Works and Infrastructure Support Services
  • Communications and Information Technology
  • Other Community-Based Government Operations and Essential Functions
  • Critical Manufacturing
  • Hazardous Materials
  • Financial Services
  • Chemical
  • Defense Industrial Base
  • Commercial Facilities
  • Residential/Shelter Facilities, Housing and Real Estate, and Related Services
  • Hygiene Products and Services

States and localities may choose to follow this guidance when adopting stay at home or workforce reduction orders, but it is ultimately optional.

How to Navigate this Guide


Click on a state or locality name in the Table of Contents below to jump to that jurisdiction’s guidance. Or, you can scroll through the document to view guidance from all jurisdictions reported here.

Table of Contents


Click on the state name to jump to that state’s guidance, or scroll down to view all states and localities being tracked.

Alabama

Alaska

Arizona

California

Colorado

Connecticut

Delaware

Florida

Georgia

Hawaii

Idaho

Illinois

Indiana

Kansas

Kentucky

Louisiana

Maine

Maryland

Massachusetts

Michigan

Minnesota

Mississippi

Missouri

Montana

Nevada

New Hampshire

New Jersey

New Mexico

New York

North Carolina

Ohio

Oklahoma

Oregon

Pennsylvania

Rhode Island

South Carolina

Tennessee

Texas

Utah

Vermont

Virginia

Washington

West Virginia

Wisconsin

Birmingham, AL

Alameda County, CA (Updated)

Contra Costa County, CA

Fresno County, CA

Los Angeles City, CA

Los Angeles County, CA

Sacramento County, CA

San Diego County, CA

San Francisco City and County, CA

San Joaquin County, CA

San Mateo County, CA

Santa Clara County, CA

Ventura County, CA

Washington, DC

Broward County, FL

Miami-Dade County, FL

Orange County, FL

Palm Beach County, FL

Pinellas County, FL

Atlanta, GA

Cobb and Douglas County, GA

DeKalb County, GA

Fulton County, GA

Gwinnett County, GA

Savannah (Chatham County), GA

Chicago, IL

Indianapolis (Marion County), IL

New Orleans, LA

Montgomery County, MD

Jackson County, MO

Kansas City, MO

St. Louis, MO

St. Louis County, MO

Bergen County, NJ

Mecklenburg County, NC

Wake County, NC

Cuyahoga County, OH

Columbus, OH

Philadelphia County, PA

Shelby County, TN

Austin, TX

Collin County, TX

Dallas County, TX

Denton County, TX

El Paso County, TX

Harris County, TX

Hidalgo County, TX

San Antonio and Bexar County, TX

Travis County, TX

Salt Lake County, UT

States

The map below summarizes state actions to date. States are detailed below the map. In this section, click the name of the state to access source documents.

Alabama

  • Ordered April 3, 2020.
  • Expired April 30, 2020.
  • Safer at Home order in place through May 15, 2020.
  • Defines “essential businesses and operations” as including CISA Guidance and the following:
  • Government operations
  • Health-care providers and caregivers
  • Infrastructure operations
  • Manufacturing facilities
  • Agricultural operations and farms
  • Essential retailers
  • Restaurants and bars
  • Essential personal services
  • Education operations
  • Financial services
  • Professional services
  • Providers of basic necessities to economically disadvantaged populations
  • Construction and construction-related services
  • Essential public services
  • Military or defense operations
  • Essential services or product providers
  • Religious entities
  • Other state-designated essential businesses and operations
  • Support operations for essential businesses and operations

Alaska

  • Ordered March 27, 2020.
  • Expired April 27.
  • Defines “essential businesses” as including CISA Guidance and the following: 
  • Healthcare Operations
  • Essential Infrastructure
  • Financial services sector
  • First responders
  • Essential Government Functions
  • Grocery stores, supermarkets, food banks, convenience stores, and other establishments engaged in the retail sale of food, beverages, and other household consumer products (such as cleaning and personal care products).
  • Food and agriculture, cultivation, including farming, livestock, fishing and processing
  • Businesses that provide food, shelter, social services, and other necessities of life for economically disadvantaged or otherwise needy individuals
  • Newspapers, television, radio, and other media services
  • Gas stations and auto-supply, auto-repair, bicycle-repair, and related facilities
  • Hardware stores
  • Plumbers, electricians, exterminators, and other service providers who provide services that are necessary to maintaining the safety, sanitation, and essential operation of residences and critical infrastructure
  • Businesses providing mailing and shipping services, including post office boxes
  • Educational institutions facilitating distance learning
  • Laundromats, dry cleaners, and laundry service providers
  • Restaurants and other facilities that prepare and serve food, but only for delivery or carry out
  • Businesses that supply products needed for people to work from home
  • Businesses that supply other essential businesses with the support or supplies necessary to operate
  • Businesses that transport goods to grocery stores, supermarkets, convenience stores, engaged in the retail sale of food, household consumer products, delivery of fuel, or other services directly to residences or other critical industries
  • Airlines, railroads, taxis, and other private transportation providers providing transportation services
  • Home-based care for seniors, adults, or children
  • Residential facilities and shelters for seniors, adults, and children
  • Professional services, such as legal or accounting services, when necessary to assist in compliance with legally-mandated activities
  • Childcare facilities, subject to new recommendations for increased hygiene and social distancing. Childcare facilities should be used only by those who need childcare to work at a critical job
  • All other businesses that can maintain Social Distancing Requirements (defined below) and prohibit congregations of no more than 10 people in the business at a time (including employees)

Arizona

  • Healthcare and Public Health Operations
  • Human Services Operations        
  • Essential Government Functions
  • Essential Infrastructure
  • Stores that sell groceries and medicine
  • Food, beverage, and agriculture
  • Outdoor recreation facilities
  • Organizations that provide charitable and social services
  • Manufacture, distribution, and supply chain for critical products and industries
  • Gas stations and businesses needed for transportation
  • Day care centers for employees exempt under executive order
  • Hardware and supply stores
  • Educational institutions
  • Mail, post, shipping, logistics, delivery, and pick-up services
  • Critical trades
  • Laundry services
  • Restaurants for consumption off-premises
  • Supplies to work from home
  • Supplies for Essential Businesses and Operations
  • Transportation
  • Financial institutions
  • Home-based care and services
  • Residential facilities and shelters
  • Professional and personal services
  • Media
  • Hotels and motels
  • Funeral services
  • Updated guidance here.  

California

  • Ordered March 19, 2020.
  • Indefinite expiration date.
  • Follows CISA guidance in determining what is considered an essential business.
  • The Governor may add additional sectors to this list.

Colorado

  • Healthcare Operations
  • Critical Infrastructure
  • Critical Manufacturing
  • Critical Retail
  • Critical Services
  • News Media
  • Financial and Professional Institutions
  • Providers of Basic Necessities to Economically Disadvantaged Populations
  • Construction
  • Defense
  • Critical Services Necessary to Maintain the Safety, Sanitation and Critical Operations of Residences or Other Critical Businesses
  • Vendors that Provide Critical Services or Products, Including Logistics and Technology Support, Child Care and Services
  • Educational Institutions that Provide Critical Services to Students and the General Public

Connecticut 

  • Ordered March 20, 2020.
  • Expired May 20, 2020.
  • Follows CISA guidance in determining what is considered an essential business.
  • The Department of Economic and Community Development (DECD) may add additional sectors to the list.

Delaware 

  • Ordered March 22, 2020.
  • Expired May 31, 2020.
  • Follows CISA guidance with modifications.
  • Instead of “critical manufacturing,” the order deems manufacturing as critical and adds insurance along with financial services.
  • Construction, Necessary Products Retailers, Necessary Retail and Services Establishments, and Open Air Recreation Facilities are all considered essential. A detailed list by NAIC code can be found here.

Florida

  • Ordered April 1, 2020.
  • Expired May 4, 2020.
  • Follows CISA guidance in determining what is considered an essential service along with the “essential retail and commercial businesses” referenced in EO 89, including:
  • Healthcare Providers
  • Grocery stores, farmers' markets, farm and produce stands, supermarkets, food banks, convenience stores, and other establishments engaged in the retail sale of canned food, dry goods, fresh fruits and vegetables, pet supply, fresh meats, fish, and poultry, and any other household consumer products (such as cleaning and personal care products)
  • Food cultivation, including farming, livestock, and fishing
  • Businesses that provide food, shelter, social services, and other necessities of life for economically disadvantaged or otherwise needy individuals
  • Newspapers, television, radio, and other media services
  • Gas stations and auto-supply, auto-repair, and related facilities
  • Banks and related financial institutions
  • Hardware stores
  • Contractors and other tradesmen, appliance repair personnel, exterminators, and other service providers who provide services that are necessary to maintaining the safety, sanitation, and essential operation of residences and other structures
  • Businesses providing mailing and shipping services, including post office boxes
  • Private colleges, trade schools, and technical colleges, but only as needed to facilitate online or distance learning
  • Laundromats, dry cleaners, and laundry service providers
  • Restaurants and other facilities that prepare and serve food, but subject to the limitations and requirements of Emergency Order 3-20
  • Businesses that supply office products needed for people to work from home
  • Businesses that supply other essential businesses with the support or supplies necessary to operate, and which do not interact with the general public
  • Businesses that ship or deliver food, groceries, goods, or services directly to residences
  • Airlines, taxis, and other private transportation providers providing transportation services via automobile, truck, bus, or train
  • Home-based care for seniors, adults, or children; s. Assisted living facilities, nursing homes, and adult day care centers, and senior residential facilities
  • Professional services, such as legal or accounting services, when necessary to assist in compliance with legally mandated activities
  • Landscape and pool care businesses, including residential landscape and pool care services
  • Childcare facilities providing services that enable employees exempted in this Order to work as permitted
  • Businesses operating at any airport, seaport, or other government facility, including parks and government offices
  • Pet supply stores
  • Logistics providers, including warehouses, trucking, consolidators, fumigators, and handlers
  • Telecommunications providers, including sales of computer or telecommunications devices and the provision of home telecommunications
  • Provision of propane or natural gas
  • Office space and administrative support necessary to perform any of the above listed activities
  • Open construction sites, irrespective of the type of building
  • Architectural, engineering, or land surveying services
  • Factories, manufacturing facilities, bottling plants, or other industrial uses
  • Waste management services, including collection and disposal of waste
  • Any business that is interacting with customers solely through electronic or telephonic means, and delivering products via mailing, shipping, or delivery services

Georgia

  • Ordered April 2, 2020.
  • Expired April 30, 2020.
  • Follows CISA guidance in determining what is considered “Critical Infrastructure.”
  • Allows businesses not designated as Critical Infrastructure to engage in minimum basic operations only.

Hawaii

  • Ordered March 23, 2020.
  • Expired May 31, 2020.
  • Defines “essential businesses and operations” as including the CISA Guidance or designated by the Director of HIEMA and the following:
  • Healthcare Services and Facilities
  • Government Functions
  • Restaurants for consumption off-premises
  • Stores that sell groceries and medicine
  • Food, beverage, cannabis production and agriculture
  • Organizations that provide charitable and social services
  • Manufacture, distribution, and supply chain for critical products and industries
  • Gas stations and businesses needed for transportation
  • Hardware and supply stores
  • Educational institutions
  • Mail, post, shipping, logistics, delivery, and pick-up services
  • Critical trades, including building and construction
  • Laundry services
  • Supplies to work from home
  • Transportation
  • Financial institutions
  • Home-based care and services
  • Residential facilities and shelters
  • Professional services
  • Child care services for employees exempted by this Order
  • Media
  • Critical labor union functions
  • Hotels and motels
  • Funeral services

Idaho

  • Ordered March 25, 2020.
  • Expired April 30, 2020.
  • Defines “essential businesses and operations” as including the CISA Guidance and the following:
  • Essential healthcare operations
  • Essential infrastructure
  • Essential services and businesses
  • News media
  • Education services
  • Essential financial services
  • Essential transportation services
  • Essential food services
  • Other essential services

Illinois 

  • Ordered March 21, 2020.
  • Expired May 30, 2020.
  • Defines “essential businesses and operations” as:
  • Healthcare and Public Health Operations        
  • Essential Government Functions
  • Restaurants for consumption off-premises
  • Stores that sell groceries and medicine
  • Food, beverage, and cannabis production and agriculture
  • Organizations that provide charitable and social services
  • Manufacture, distribution, and supply chain for critical products and industries
  • Gas stations and businesses needed for transportation
  • Day care centers for employees exempt under executive order
  • Hardware and supply stores
  • Educational institutions
  • Mail, post, shipping, logistics, delivery, and pick-up services
  • Essential Infrastructure
  • Critical trades
  • Laundry services
  • Supplies to work from home
  • Supplies for Essential Businesses and Operations
  • Transportation
  • Financial institutions
  • Home-based care and services
  • Residential facilities and shelters
  • Professional services
  • Media
  • Critical labor union functions
  • Hotels and motels
  • Funeral services

Indiana 

  • Ordered March 23, 2020, updated April 6, 2020 to add Retail Businesses and the Sale of Firearms and Ammunition.
  • Expired May 1, 2020.
  • Defines “essential businesses and operations” as including the CISA Guidance and the following:
  • Healthcare and Public Health Operations
  • Essential Government Functions
  • Restaurants for consumption off-premises
  • Stores that sell groceries and medicine
  • Food, beverage, and agriculture
  • Organizations that provide charitable and social services
  • Manufacture, distribution, and supply chain for critical products and industries
  • Gas stations and businesses needed for transportation
  • Hardware and supply stores
  • Educational institutions
  • Mail, post, shipping, logistics, delivery, and pick-up services
  • Religious entities
  • Media
  • Essential Infrastructure
  • Human Service Operations        
  • Critical trades
  • Laundry services
  • Supplies to work from home
  • Supplies for Essential Businesses and Operations
  • Transportation
  • Financial and Insurance institutions
  • Home-based care and services
  • Residential facilities and shelters
  • Professional services
  • Critical labor union functions
  • Hotels and motels
  • Funeral services

Kansas

Kentucky 

  • Ordered March 22, 2020.
  • Expired June 29.
  • Defines “life-sustaining businesses” as grocery stores; pharmacies; banks, hardware stores; and other businesses that provide staple goods.
  • Retail businesses that are not life-sustaining may provide local delivery and curbside service of online or telephone orders.

Louisiana 

  • Ordered March 22, 2020.
  • Expired May 15, 2020.
  • Follows CISA guidance in determining what is considered an essential business.

Maine

  • Ordered March 31, 2020.
  • Expired May 31, 2020.
  • Refers to Executive Order 19 to determine which businesses may remain open.
  • Defines “Essential Businesses and Operations” as including the CISA Guidance and the following:
  • Food processing
  • Agriculture
  • Industrial manufacturing
  • Construction
  • Trash collection
  • Grocery and household goods (including convenience stores)
  • Home repair and hardware and auto repair
  • Pharmacy and other medical facilities
  • Biomedical
  • Behavioral health and health care providers
  • Child care
  • Post offices and shipping outlets
  • Insurance
  • Banks
  • Gas stations
  • Laundromats
  • Veterinary clinics and animal feed and supply stores
  • Shipping stores
  • Public transportation
  • Hotel and commercial lodging

Maryland 

  • Ordered March 23, 2020, updated March 30, 2020.
  • Expired May 15.
  • Follows CISA guidance in determining what is considered an essential business.
  • Specifies that the CISA list is non-exhaustive and that exclusion from the list does not mean it is excluded.

Massachusetts 

  • Ordered March 23, 2020, updated guidance released April 7.
  • Expired May 18, 2020.
  • Follows CISA guidance in determining what is considered an essential business, with the addition of steam workers in the energy sector.
  • The Governor may add additional sectors to this list.

Michigan 

  • Ordered March 23, 2020, updated April 9.
  • Expired June 1, 2020.
  • Follows CISA guidance in determining what businesses may continue in-person operations.

Minnesota

  • Ordered March 25, 2020, extended April 8.
  • Expired May 19, 2020.
  • Defines “Critical Sectors” as including the CISA Guidance and the following:
  • Tribal Governments
  • The Judicial Branch
  • The Executive Branch
  • Executive Constitutional Offices
  • The Legislative Branch
  • Federal Employees
  • National Guard
  • Faith leaders and workers
  • Education
  • Construction and critical trades
  • Child care providers
  • Hotels, residential facilities and shelters
  • Shelters for displaced individuals
  • Charitable and social services organizations
  • Legal services
  • Notaries
  • Critical Labor Union Functions
  • Laundry services
  • Animal shelters and veterinarians
  • Real Estate Transactions
  • Essential Supply Stores

Mississippi

  • Ordered April 2, 2020.
  • Expired April 27, 2020.
  • Defines “Essential Business or Operation” in EO 1463 as including the CISA Guidance and the following:
  • Essential Healthcare Operations
  • Essential Government Functions
  • Essential Infrastructure
  • Manufacturing
  • Agriculture and Farms
  • Essential Retail
  • Essential Services
  • Media
  • Education
  • Financial Services
  • Professional Services
  • Construction and Construction Related Services
  • Essential Services Necessary to Maintain the Safety, Sanitation and Essential Operations of Residences and Essential Businesses and Essential Business Operations
  • Defense Industrial Base
  • Vendors that Provide Essential Services or Products
  • Religious Entities

Missouri

  • Ordered April 3, 2020.
  • Expired May 3, 2020.
  • Follows CISA guidance in determining what is considered an essential business, but allows other businesses to remain open if they adhere to specific requirements.

Montana

  • Ordered March 26, 2020.
  • Expired April 26, 2020.
  • Follows CISA guidance in determining what is considered an essential business.

Nevada

  • Ordered April 1, 2020.
  • Expired May 15, 2020.
  • Includes CISA guidance in the definition of an Essential Licensed Business and the following industries, along with non-retail businesses that implement social distancing safeguards:
  • Healthcare providers
  • Veterinary services
  • Grocery stores
  • Pharmacies
  • Financial institutions
  • Hardware stores
  • Convenience stores
  • Security services
  • Gas stations
  • Construction
  • Mining
  • Manufacturing
  • Infrastructure

New Hampshire

  • Ordered March 26, 2020.
  • Expired May 4, 2020 Stay at Home 2.0 order in effect until June 15, 2020.
  • Follows CISA guidance in determining what is considered an essential business with some expansions in energy, manufacturing, and human services sectors.
  • The EO allows additional businesses to be added to the list with the approval of the Commissioner of Business and Economic Affairs and the Governor.

New Jersey 

  • Ordered March 21, 2020.
  • Expired June 9.
  • Essential businesses are defined as:
  • Grocery stores, farmer’s markets and farms that sell directly to customers, and other food stores, including retailers that offer a varied assortment of foods comparable to what exists at a grocery store
  • Car dealerships, but only to provide auto maintenance and repair services, and auto mechanics
  • Pharmacies and alternative treatment centers that dispense medicinal marijuana
  • Retail functions of laundromats and dry-cleaning services
  • Stores that principally sell supplies for children under five years old
  • Retail functions of banks and other financial institutions
  • Hardware and home improvement stores
  • Ancillary stores within healthcare facilities
  • Retail functions of printing and office supply shops
  • Retail functions of mail and delivery stores
  • Retail functions of gas stations
  • Medical supply stores
  • Convenience stores
  • Pet stores
  • Liquor stores
  • Mobile phone retail and repair shops (added 3/24)
  • Bicycle shops, but only to provide service and repair (added 3/24)
  • Livestock feed stores (added 3/24)
  • Nurseries and garden centers (added 3/24)
  • Farming equipment stores (added 3/24)
  • Individual appointments to view real estate (added 3/30)
  • Car dealers by online or remote sales (added 3/30)
  • Firearms Retailers by appointment (added 3/30)

New Mexico 

  • Ordered March 23, 2020.
  • Expires June 30, 2020.
  • The full list of essential businesses, with specific lists per industry, can be found here.
  • Essential businesses are defined as:
  • Healthcare / Public Health
  • Emergency Services
  • Childcare
  • Indigent Care
  • Infrastructure Operations
  • Food and Agriculture
  • Energy
  • Manufacture
  • Defense Research
  • Transportation
  • Service Sector
  • Professional Services
  • Financial Services
  • Media
  • Essential Manufacturing
  • Laboratories and defense and national security-related operations supporting the U.S. government or a contractor to the U.S. government
  • Hardware stores, nurseries and businesses that generate most of their revenue from the sale of home-improvement goods
  • Laundromats and dry cleaner services
  • Funeral homes, crematoriums and cemeteries
  • Real estate services including brokers, title companies and related services

New York 

  • Ordered March 20, 2020, updated April 9, 2020.
  • Expired May 28, 2020.
  • Updated Guidance, which provides specific examples, identifies essential businesses as including the below sectors:
  • Essential Health Care Operations
  • Essential Manufacturing
  • Essential Infrastructure
  • Essential Services Necessary to Maintain the Safety, Sanitation and Essential Operations of Residences or Other Essential Businesses
  • Vendors that Provide Essential Services or Products, Including Logistics and Technology Support, Child Care and Services
  • Essential Services
  • Essential Retail
  • Construction
  • Defense
  • News Media
  • Financial Institutions
  • Providers of Basic Necessities to Economically Disadvantaged Populations

North Carolina

  • Ordered March 27, 2020.
  • Extended until May 22, 2020, with modifications to order that no longer distinguishes between essential and non-essential businesses.
  • Expired order defined “essential businesses and operations” as including the CISA Guidance and the following:
  • Businesses that meet social distancing requirements
  • Healthcare and Public Health Operations
  • Human Services Operations
  • Essential Infrastructure Operations        
  • Essential Government Operations
  • Restaurants for consumption off-premises
  • Stores that sell groceries and medicine
  • Food, beverage production and agriculture
  • Organizations that provide charitable and social services
  • Manufacture, distribution, and supply chain for critical products and industries
  • Gas stations and businesses needed for transportation
  • Home improvement, hardware and supply stores
  • Educational institutions
  • Mail, post, shipping, logistics, delivery, and pick-up services
  • Critical trades
  • Laundry services
  • Supplies to work from home
  • Supplies for COVID-19 Essential Businesses and Operations
  • Transportation
  • Financial and insurance institutions
  • Home-based care and services
  • Residential facilities and shelters
  • Professional services
  • Media
  • Religious entities
  • Defense and military contractors
  • Hotels and motels
  • Funeral services
  • Additional COVID-19 Essential Retail Businesses

Ohio 

  • Ordered March 21, 2020.
  • Expired May 1, 2020, replaced with Stay Safe Ohio order which expired May 20.
  • Defines “essential businesses and operations” as including the CISA Guidance and the following:
  • Healthcare and Public Health Operations
  • Essential Government Functions
  • Restaurants for consumption off-premises
  • Stores that sell groceries and medicine
  • Food, beverage, and licensed marijuana production and agriculture
  • Organizations that provide charitable and social services
  • Manufacture, distribution, and supply chain for critical products and industries
  • Gas stations and businesses needed for transportation
  • Hardware and supply stores
  • Educational institutions
  • Mail, post, shipping, logistics, delivery, and pick-up services
  • Religious entities                                
  • Media
  • Essential Infrastructure
  • Human Service Operations        
  • Critical trades
  • Laundry services
  • Supplies to work from home
  • Supplies for Essential Businesses and Operations
  • Transportation
  • Financial and Insurance institutions
  • Home-based care and services
  • Residential facilities and shelters
  • Professional services
  • Critical labor union functions
  • Hotels and motels
  • Funeral services
  • First Amendment protected speech

Oklahoma

  • Ordered March 24, 2020, updated April 1, 2020.
  • Expired April 30, 2020.
  • Order closes all businesses not identified as being within a critical infrastructure sector, such as gyms, salons, massage parlors and movie theaters, where counties have community spread effective March 25 at 11:59PM through April 15.
  • Follows CISA guidance in determining what is considered a critical infrastructure sector.
  • Allows the Governor to identify additional critical sectors.

Oregon 

  • Ordered March 23, 2020.
  • Expired June 19.
  • Order does not provide a list of businesses that are “essential,” but a list of businesses that may no longer remain open to the public.
  • According to a guidance document, the following businesses are allowed with proper social distancing:
  • Hospitals and Healthcare
  • Grocery Stores
  • Banks
  • Pharmacies
  • Takeout/Delivery from Restaurants and Bars
  • Pet Stores
  • Child care facilities and babysitters (only if abiding by new rules)
  • Certain Retail Stores
  • Outdoor activities like walking your dog, jogging, or biking in your neighborhood
  • Gas Stations

Pennsylvania 

  • Ordered March 19, 2020, updated April 1.
  • Expires June 4, 2020.
  • The full list of businesses considered “life sustaining” that may continue physical operations may be found here. Businesses may file for a waiver to remain open here.

Rhode Island 

  • Ordered March 28, 2020.
  • Expired May 8, 2020.
  • Defines “critical retail businesses” as:
  • Food and beverage stores (e.g., supermarkets, liquor, specialty food, and convenience stores, farmers' markets, food banks and pantries)
  • Pharmacies and medical supply stores
  • Compassion centers
  • Pet supply stores
  • Printing shops
  • Mail and delivery stores and operations
  • Gas stations
  • Laundromats
  • Electronics and telecommunications stores
  • Office supply, industrial and agricultural/seafood equipment and supply stores
  • Hardware stores
  • Funeral homes
  • Auto repair and supply
  • Banks and credit unions
  • Firearms stores
  • Healthcare and public safety professional uniform stores
  • Other stores and businesses identified as critical by the Department of Business Regulation

South Carolina

  • Ordered April 6, 2020.
  • Expired May 4.
  • Defines “Essential Services” as including the CISA Guidance and the following:
  • Individuals operating commercial vehicles transporting essential goods and products, such as food, water, medicine, medical supplies and equipment, fuels and petroleum products (to include fuel oil, diesel oil, gasoline, kerosene, propane, and liquid petroleum), livestock, poultry, feed for livestock and poultry, and crops and other agricultural products ready to be harvested (to include timber and wood chips)
  • Individuals employed by airlines
  • Individuals otherwise engaged in commercial transportation activities
  • Individuals performing or assisting with military, healthcare, public safety, or emergency response operations

Tennessee

  • Ordered March 30, 2020, updated April 2, 2020 to place new requirements on Essential Services and Critical Infrastructure.
  • Expired April 30, 2020.
  • Defines “Essential Services” as including the CISA Guidance and the following:
  • Healthcare and Public Health Operations
  • Human Services Operations        
  • Essential Government Functions
  • Essential Infrastructure Operations
  • Food and medicine stores
  • Food and beverage production and agriculture
  • Organizations that provide charitable and social services
  • Religious and ceremonial functions
  • Manufacture, distribution, and supply chain for critical products and industries
  • Gas stations and businesses needed for transportation
  • Day care centers for employees exempt under executive order
  • Hardware and supply stores
  • Educational institutions
  • Mail, post, shipping, logistics, delivery, and pick-up services
  • Critical trades
  • Laundry services
  • Restaurants for off-premises consumption
  • Supplies to work from home
  • Supplies for Essential Businesses and Operations
  • Transportation
  • Financial institutions and insurance entities
  • Home-based care and services
  • Residential facilities and shelters
  • Professional services
  • Media
  • Hotels and motels
  • Funeral services
  • Businesses related to an Essential Activity
  • Businesses operating with 10 or fewer persons on the premises at a time

Texas

  • Ordered March 31, 2020.
  • Expired April 30, 2020.
  • Defines “Essential Services” as including the CISA Guidance and the following:
  • Religious services conducted in churches, congregations, and houses of worship.
  • Other services as approved by the Texas Division of Emergency Management.

Utah

  • Ordered March 27, 2020.
  • Expired May 1, 2020.
  • Issues directives to for-profit and nonprofit organizations, but they are not required to close.

Vermont

  • Ordered March 24, 2020.
  • Expired May 15, 2020.
  • Defines services or functions deemed critical to public health and safety, as well as economic and national security as:
  • Health care operations
  • Law enforcement, public safety and first responders
  • Critical infrastructure including utilities, telecommunication, airports and transportation infrastructure
  • Construction necessary to support the COVID-19 response and maintain critical infrastructure;
  • Critical manufacturing
  • Retail serving basic human needs such as grocery stores, pharmacies, other retail that sells food, beverage, animal feed and essential supplies
  • Fuel products and supply
  • Hardware stores
  • Transportation sector and agricultural sector equipment parts, repair and maintenance
  • Trash collection and disposal, recycling and operations and maintenance of drinking water and wastewater/drainage infrastructure
  • Agriculture and farms, animal shelters, production and delivery of seed, chemicals and fertilizers, CSAs and veterinarians
  • Lodging
  • Other building and property services for the safety, sanitation and operations of residences or other businesses
  • Mail and shipping services
  • News media
  • Banks and related financial institutions
  • Providers of necessities and services to economically disadvantaged populations
  • Other vendors of technical, security, logistics, custodial and equipment repair and maintenance services necessary to support the COVID-19 response, critical infrastructure and national security

Virginia

  • Ordered March 30, 2020.
  • Expired May 29, 2020.
  • Refers to Executive Order 53 to determine which businesses may remain open. The order allows professional businesses to remain open. Allows Essential Retail Businesses to remain open, which include:
  • Grocery stores, pharmacies, and other retailers that sell food and beverage products or pharmacy products, including dollar stores, and department stores with grocery or pharmacy operations
  • Medical, laboratory, and vision supply retailers
  • Electronic retailers that sell or service cell phones, computers, tablets, and other communications technology
  • Automotive parts, accessories, and tire retailers as well as automotive repair facilities
  • Home improvement, hardware, building material, and building supply retailers
  • Lawn and garden equipment retailers
  • Beer, wine, and liquor stores
  • Retail functions of gas stations and convenience stores
  • Retail located within healthcare facilities
  • Banks and other financial institutions with retail functions
  • Pet and feed stores
  • Printing and office supply stores
  • Laundromats and dry cleaners

Washington 

  • Ordered March 23, 2020.
  • Extended until May 31, 2020, with modifications.
  • Follows CISA guidance in determining what is considered an essential business.
  • The full list of essential businesses, with specific examples by sector, may be found here.

West Virginia 

  • Ordered March 23, 2020.
  • Indefinite expiration date, expired May 4.
  • Defines “essential businesses and operations” as including the CISA Guidance and the following:
  • Healthcare, Public Health Operations, and Health Insurance Companies
  • Grocery Stores and Pharmacies
  • Essential Government Functions
  • Human Service Organizations and Childcare Facilities and Providers
  • Coal mining and coal-fired electric generation facilities        
  • Food, beverage, and agriculture
  • Manufacture, distribution, and supply chain for critical products and industries
  • Transportation and travel related businesses and gas stations
  • Educational institutions
  • Mail, post, shipping, logistics, delivery, and pick-up services
  • Media and first amendment protected speech
  • Essential Infrastructure
  • Critical trades
  • Laundry services
  • Supplies to work from home
  • Supplies for Essential Businesses and Operations
  • Financial and Insurance institutions
  • Home-based care and services
  • Residential facilities and shelters
  • Professional services
  • Hotels and motels
  • Funeral services
  • Hardware and supply stores
  • Religious entities

Wisconsin 

  • Ordered March 24, 2020.
  • Expired May 13, 2020.
  • Defines “essential businesses and operations” as including the CISA Guidance and the following:
  • Stores that sell groceries and medicine
  • Food and beverage production, transport, and agriculture
  • Restaurants for take-out and delivery only
  • Bars for carry-out of alcoholic beverages and food
  • Child care settings
  • Organizations that provide charitable and social services
  • Weddings, funerals, and religious entities with fewer than 10 people
  • Funeral establishments with fewer than 10 people
  • Media
  • Gas stations and businesses needed for transportation
  • Financial institutions and services
  • Hardware and supplies stores
  • Critical trades
  • Mail, post, shipping, logistics, delivery, and pick-up services
  • Laundry services
  • Supplies to work from home
  • Supplies for Essential Businesses and Operations and Essential Governmental Functions
  • Transportation
  • Home-based care and services
  • Professional services
  • Manufacture, distribution, and supply chain for critical products and industries
  • Critical labor union functions
  • Hotels and motels
  • Higher educational institutions.
  • WEDC designated businesses (Designation inquiry form here)

Localities

Localities are listed by state, then by alphabetical order within that state. Click the name of the locality to access source documents. Note: localities are beginning to extend the expiration dates of the orders, so please check with the locality to determine if an order is still in effect.

Birmingham, AL 

  • Original order
  • Ordered: March 24, 2020; April 3, 2020
  • Effective: March 24, 2020
  • Expires: April 30, 2020

Alameda County, CA (Updated)

  • Ordered: March 16, 2020; March 31, 2020; April 29, 2020; June 5, 2020
  • Effective: March 17, 2020
  • Expires: Effective until rescinded, superseded, or amended in writing by the Health Officer

Contra Costa County, CA

  • Ordered: March 16, 2020; March 31, 2020
  • Effective: March 17, 2020
  • Expires: May 31, 2020

Fresno County, CA

Los Angeles City, CA

  • Ordered: March 19, 2020; April 10, 2020; May 8, 2020; May 13, 2020; May 19, 2020; May 20, 2020; May 22, 2020; May 27, 2020
  • Effective: March 19, 2020
  • Expires: This order shall be in place during the local emergency period, and it may be amended or rescinded as warranted according to local public health conditions.

Los Angeles County, CA

  • Ordered: March 19, 2020; April 10, 2020; May 29, 2020
  • Effective: March 19, 2020
  • Expires: Effective until revised, rescinded, superseded, or amended in writing by the Health Officer.

Sacramento County, CA 

  • Ordered: March 19, 2020; April 7, 2020; May 1, 2020; May 26, 2020
  • Effective: March 19, 2020
  • Expires: Effective until rescinded or amended in writing by the Health Officer

San Diego County, CA

  • Ordered: March 17, 2020; April 10, 2020; April 30, 2020
  • Effective: March 17, 2020
  • Expires: Continuing until further notice

San Francisco City and County, CA 

  • Ordered: March 16, 2020; March 31, 2020; April 29, 2020; May 22, 2020; June 1, 2020
  • Effective: March 17, 2020
  • Expires: Effective without a specific expiration date, until it is extended, rescinded, superseded, or amended in writing by the Health Officer

San Joaquin County, CA

  • Ordered: March 16, 2020; April 14, 2020; May 8, 2020
  • Effective: March 17, 2020
  • Expires: Effective until rescinded in writing by the Health Officer

San Mateo County, CA

  • Shelter in Place FAQs
  • Ordered: March 16, 2020, March 31, 2020, April 29, 2020; May 28, 2020
  • Effective: March 17, 2020
  • Expires: Effective until rescinded, superseded, or amended in writing by the Health Officer

Santa Clara County, CA

  • Ordered: March 16, 2020; March 31, 2020; May 18, 2020
  • Effective: March 17, 2020
  • Expires: Effective until rescinded, superseded, or amended in writing by the Health Officer

Ventura County, CA

Washington, DC

  • Ordered: March 30, 2020; April 15, 2020; May 13, 2020
  • Effective: April 1, 2020
  • Expires: June 8, 2020

Broward County, FL

  • Ordered: March 20, 2020
  • Effective: March 20, 2020
  • Expires: Upon expiration of the existing State of Local Emergency

Miami-Dade County, FL

  • Ordered: March 26, 2020
  • Effective: March 26, 2020
  • Expires: Upon expiration of the existing State of Local Emergency

Orange County, FL

  • Ordered: March 26, 2020
  • Effective: March 26, 2020
  • Expired: April 9, 2020. A state order remains in place.

Palm Beach County, FL

  • Ordered: March 20, 2020
  • Effective: March 20, 2020

Pinellas County, FL

  • Ordered: March 25, 2020
  • Effective: March 26, 2020
  • Expires: Upon expiration of the existing State of Local Emergency

Atlanta, GA

  • Ordered: March 23, 2020; March 27, 2020
  • Effective: March 24, 2020

Cobb and Douglas County, GA

  • Ordered: March 27, 2020
  • Effective: March 27, 2020
  • Expired: April 10, 2020

DeKalb County, GA

  • Ordered: March 27, 2020
  • Effective: March 28, 2020
  • Expires: No expiration date

Fulton County, GA

  • Ordered: March 31, 2020
  • Effective: March 31, 2020
  • Expires: No expiration date

Gwinnett County, GA

  • Ordered: March 27, 2020
  • Effective: March 28, 2020
  • Expires: April 13, 2020. A statewide order remains in place.

Savannah (Chatham County), GA

  • Ordered: March 24, 2020
  • Effective: March 24, 2020
  • Expires: April 8, 2020. A statewide order remains in place.

Chicago, IL

  • FAQ
  • Ordered: March 20, 2020
  • Effective: March 21, 2020
  • Expires: April 30, 2020. A state order remains in effect.

Indianapolis (Marion County), IN

  • Ordered: March 16, 2020
  • Effective: March 16, 2020
  • Expired: April 6, 2020. A statewide order remains in effect.

New Orleans, LA

  • Ordered: March 16, 2020; April 16, 2020
  • Effective: March 16, 2020
  • Expired: May 16, 2020

Montgomery County, MD

  • Ordered: May 15, 2020
  • Effective: May 15, 2020
  • Expires: No expiration date

Jackson County, MO

  • Ordered: March 16, 2020
  • Effective: March 17, 2020
  • Expires: May 15, 2020

Kansas City, MO

St. Louis, MO

St. Louis County, MO

  • Stay at Home FAQs
  • Ordered: March 21, 2020
  • Effective: March 23, 2020
  • Expires: April 22, 2020

Bergen County, NJ

  • Ordered: March 16, 2020
  • Effective: March 17, 2020
  • Expires: Effective until modified

Mecklenburg County, NC

  • Ordered: March 24, 2020
  • Effective: March 26, 2020
  • Expires: April 29, 2020. A statewide order remains in effect until May 8, 2020.

Wake County, NC

  • Ordered: March 26, 2020
  • Effective: March 27, 2020
  • Expires: April 30, 2020. A statewide order remains in effect until May 8, 2020.

Cuyahoga County, OH

  • Ordered: March 22, 2020
  • Effective: March 23, 2020
  • Expires: April 6, 2020.

Columbus, OH

  • Ordered: March 22, 2020
  • Effective: March 23, 2020
  • Expires: April 6, 2020.

Philadelphia County, PA

  • Ordered: March 22, 2020
  • Effective: March 23, 2020
  • Expires: Remains effective indefinitely

Shelby County, TN

  • Ordered: March 25, 2020; April 10, 2020
  • Effective: March 25, 2020
  • Expires: April 17, 2020

Austin, TX

  • Ordered: March 24, 2020
  • Effective: March 24, 2020
  • Expires: May 1, 2020

Collin County, TX

  • Ordered: March 24, 2020
  • Effective: March 24, 2020
  • Expired: Rescinded 3/31/2020.

Dallas County, TX 

  • Ordered: March 22, 2020; April 18, 2020; April 23, 2020
  • Effective: March 23, 2020
  • Expired: May 15, 2020

Denton County, TX

  • Ordered: March 24, 2020; April 7, 2020
  • Effective: March 25, 2020
  • Expires: April 30, 2020

El Paso County, TX

  • Ordered: March 24, 2020; March 30, 2020
  • Effective: March 24, 2020
  • Expires: Not stated

Harris County, TX

  • Ordered: March 24, 2020; May 1, 2020
  • Effective: March 24, 2020
  • Expires: May 20, 2020

Hidalgo County, TX

  • Ordered: March 24, 2020; April 7, 2020
  • Effective: March 26, 2020
  • Expires: April 30, 2020

San Antonio and Bexar County, TX

  • Ordered: March 23, 2020; April 29, 2020
  • Effective: March 24, 2020
  • Expires: May 19, 2020

Travis County, TX

  • Ordered: March 24, 2020; April 13, 2020
  • Effective: March 24, 2020
  • Expires: May 8, 2020

Salt Lake County, UT

  • Stay at Home FAQ
  • Ordered: March 29, 2020; April 17, 2020
  • Effective: March 29, 2020
  • Expires: May 1, 2020