Stay-at-Home Orders:
What is Considered an “Essential Business”?


States and localities continue to take additional measures to limit the spread of COVID-19, including requiring residents to “shelter in place” and stay home and for non-essential businesses to close physical locations and require 100 percent of their workforce to telecommute. What businesses, then, are considered “essential”? This varies by state and locality and is covered below.

This resource is provided by MultiState Associates (www.multistate.us).

CISA Guidance


The Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) released the first version of a
guidance document on March 19 detailing which workers should be considered essential critical infrastructure workers by state and local governments. This guidance was updated on March 28, and now includes workers across the following sectors:

  • Healthcare / Public Health
  • Law Enforcement, Public Safety, First Responders
  • Food and Agriculture
  • Energy
  • Water and Wastewater
  • Transportation and Logistics
  • Public Works and Infrastructure Support Services
  • Communications and Information Technology
  • Other Community-Based Government Operations and Essential Functions
  • Critical Manufacturing
  • Hazardous Materials
  • Financial Services
  • Chemical
  • Defense Industrial Base
  • Commercial Facilities
  • Residential/Shelter Facilities and Services
  • Hygiene Products and Services

States and localities may choose to follow this guidance when adopting stay at home or workforce reduction orders, but it is ultimately optional.

How to Navigate this Guide


Click on a state or locality name in the Table of Contents below to jump to that jurisdiction’s guidance. Or, you can scroll through the document to view guidance from all jurisdictions reported here.

Table of Contents


Click on the state name to jump to that state’s guidance, or scroll down to view all states and localities being tracked.

Alaska

Arizona

California

Colorado

Connecticut

Delaware

Florida

Georgia

Hawaii

Idaho

Illinois

Indiana

Kansas

Kentucky

Louisiana

Maine

Maryland

Massachusetts

Michigan

Minnesota

Montana

Nevada

New Hampshire

New Jersey

New Mexico

New York

North Carolina

Ohio

Oklahoma

Oregon

Pennsylvania

Rhode Island

Tennessee

Texas

Utah

Vermont

Virginia

Washington

West Virginia

Wisconsin

Birmingham, AL

Alameda County, CA

Contra Costa County, CA

Los Angeles City, CA

San Diego County, CA

San Francisco City and County, CA

San Mateo County, CA

Santa Clara County, CA

Ventura County, CA

Washington, DC

Broward County, FL

Miami-Dade County, FL

Orange County, FL

Palm Beach County, FL

Pinellas County, FL

Atlanta, GA

Cobb and Douglas County, GA

DeKalb County, GA

Fulton County, GA

Gwinnett County, GA

Savannah (Chatham County), GA

Chicago, IL

Indianapolis (Marion County), IL

New Orleans, LA

Jackson County, MO

Kansas City, MO

St. Louis, MO

St. Louis County, MO

Bergen County, NJ

Mecklenburg County, NC

Wake County, NC

Cuyahoga County, OH

Columbus, OH

Philadelphia County, PA

Shelby County, TN

Austin, TX

Collin County, TX

Dallas County, TX

Denton County, TX

El Paso County, TX

Harris County, TX

Hidalgo County, TX

San Antonio and Bexar County, TX

Travis County, TX

States

The map below summarizes state actions to date. States are detailed below the map. In this section, click the name of the state to access source documents.

Alaska

  • Ordered March 27, 2020.
  • Defines “essential businesses” as including the CISA Guidance and the following: 
  • Healthcare Operations
  • Essential Infrastructure
  • Financial services sector
  • First responders
  • Essential Government Functions
  • Grocery stores, supermarkets, food banks, convenience stores, and other establishments engaged in the retail sale of food, beverages, and other household consumer products (such as cleaning and personal care products).
  • Food and agriculture, cultivation, including farming, livestock, fishing and processing
  • Businesses that provide food, shelter, social services, and other necessities of life for economically disadvantaged or otherwise needy individuals
  • Newspapers, television, radio, and other media services
  • Gas stations and auto-supply, auto-repair, bicycle-repair, and related facilities
  • Hardware stores
  • Plumbers, electricians, exterminators, and other service providers who provide services that are necessary to maintaining the safety, sanitation, and essential operation of residences and critical infrastructure
  • Businesses providing mailing and shipping services, including post office boxes
  • Educational institutions facilitating distance learning
  • Laundromats, dry cleaners, and laundry service providers
  • Restaurants and other facilities that prepare and serve food, but only for delivery or carry out
  • Businesses that supply products needed for people to work from home
  • Businesses that supply other essential businesses with the support or supplies necessary to operate
  • Businesses that transport goods to grocery stores, supermarkets, convenience stores, engaged in the retail sale of food, household consumer products, delivery of fuel, or other services directly to residences or other critical industries
  • Airlines, railroads, taxis, and other private transportation providers providing transportation services
  • Home-based care for seniors, adults, or children
  • Residential facilities and shelters for seniors, adults, and children
  • Professional services, such as legal or accounting services, when necessary to assist in compliance with legally-mandated activities
  • Childcare facilities, subject to new recommendations for increased hygiene and social distancing. Childcare facilities should be used only by those who need childcare to work at a critical job
  • All other businesses that can maintain Social Distancing Requirements (defined below) and prohibit congregations of no more than 10 people in the business at a time (including employees)

Arizona

  • Healthcare and Public Health Operations
  • Human Services Operations        
  • Essential Government Functions
  • Essential Infrastructure
  • Stores that sell groceries and medicine
  • Food, beverage, and agriculture
  • Outdoor recreation facilities
  • Organizations that provide charitable and social services
  • Manufacture, distribution, and supply chain for critical products and industries
  • Gas stations and businesses needed for transportation
  • Day care centers for employees exempt under executive order
  • Hardware and supply stores
  • Educational institutions
  • Mail, post, shipping, logistics, delivery, and pick-up services
  • Critical trades
  • Laundry services
  • Restaurants for consumption off-premises
  • Supplies to work from home
  • Supplies for Essential Businesses and Operations
  • Transportation
  • Financial institutions
  • Home-based care and services
  • Residential facilities and shelters
  • Professional and personal services
  • Media
  • Hotels and motels
  • Funeral services

California

  • Ordered March 19, 2020.
  • Follows CISA guidance in determining what is considered an essential business.
  • The Governor may add additional sectors to this list.

Colorado

  • Healthcare Operations
  • Critical Infrastructure
  • Critical Manufacturing
  • Critical Retail
  • Critical Services
  • News Media
  • Financial and Professional Institutions
  • Providers of Basic Necessities to Economically Disadvantaged Populations
  • Construction
  • Defense
  • Critical Services Necessary to Maintain the Safety, Sanitation and Critical Operations of Residences or Other Critical Businesses
  • Vendors that Provide Critical Services or Products, Including Logistics and Technology Support, Child Care and Services
  • Educational Institutions that Provide Critical Services to Students and the General Public

Connecticut 

  • Ordered March 20, 2020.
  • Follows CISA guidance in determining what is considered an essential business.
  • The Department of Economic and Community Development (DECD) may add additional sectors to the list.

Delaware 

  • Ordered March 22, 2020.
  • Follows CISA guidance with modifications.
  • Instead of “critical manufacturing,” the order deems manufacturing as critical and adds insurance along with financial services.
  • Construction, Necessary Products Retailers, Necessary Retail and Services Establishments, and Open Air Recreation Facilities are all considered essential. A detailed list by NAIC code can be found here.

Florida

  • Ordered April 1, 2020.
  • Follows CISA guidance in determining what is considered an essential service along with the “essential retail and commercial businesses” referenced in EO 89, including:
  • Healthcare Providers
  • Grocery stores, farmers' markets, farm and produce stands, supermarkets, food banks, convenience stores, and other establishments engaged in the retail sale of canned food, dry goods, fresh fruits and vegetables, pet supply, fresh meats, fish, and poultry, and any other household consumer products (such as cleaning and personal care products)
  • Food cultivation, including farming, livestock, and fishing
  • Businesses that provide food, shelter, social services, and other necessities of life for economically disadvantaged or otherwise needy individuals
  • Newspapers, television, radio, and other media services
  • Gas stations and auto-supply, auto-repair, and related facilities
  • Banks and related financial institutions
  • Hardware stores
  • Contractors and other tradesmen, appliance repair personnel, exterminators, and other service providers who provide services that are necessary to maintaining the safety, sanitation, and essential operation of residences and other structures
  • Businesses providing mailing and shipping services, including post office boxes
  • Private colleges, trade schools, and technical colleges, but only as needed to facilitate online or distance learning
  • Laundromats, dry cleaners, and laundry service providers
  • Restaurants and other facilities that prepare and serve food, but subject to the limitations and requirements of Emergency Order 3-20
  • Businesses that supply office products needed for people to work from home
  • Businesses that supply other essential businesses with the support or supplies necessary to operate, and which do not interact with the general public
  • Businesses that ship or deliver food, groceries, goods, or services directly to residences
  • Airlines, taxis, and other private transportation providers providing transportation services via automobile, truck, bus, or train
  • Home-based care for seniors, adults, or children; s. Assisted living facilities, nursing homes, and adult day care centers, and senior residential facilities
  • Professional services, such as legal or accounting services, when necessary to assist in compliance with legally mandated activities
  • Landscape and pool care businesses, including residential landscape and pool care services
  • Childcare facilities providing services that enable employees exempted in this Order to work as permitted
  • Businesses operating at any airport, seaport, or other government facility, including parks and government offices
  • Pet supply stores
  • Logistics providers, including warehouses, trucking, consolidators, fumigators, and handlers
  • Telecommunications providers, including sales of computer or telecommunications devices and the provision of home telecommunications
  • Provision of propane or natural gas
  • Office space and administrative support necessary to perform any of the above listed activities
  • Open construction sites, irrespective of the type of building
  • Architectural, engineering, or land surveying services
  • Factories, manufacturing facilities, bottling plants, or other industrial uses
  • Waste management services, including collection and disposal of waste
  • Any business that is interacting with customers solely through electronic or telephonic means, and delivering products via mailing, shipping, or delivery services

Georgia

  • Ordered April 1, 2020.
  • EO Text Forthcoming.

Hawaii

  • Ordered March 23, 2020.
  • Defines “essential businesses and operations” as including the CISA Guidance or designated by the Director of HIEMA and the following:
  • Healthcare Services and Facilities
  • Government Functions
  • Restaurants for consumption off-premises
  • Stores that sell groceries and medicine
  • Food, beverage, cannabis production and agriculture
  • Organizations that provide charitable and social services
  • Manufacture, distribution, and supply chain for critical products and industries
  • Gas stations and businesses needed for transportation
  • Hardware and supply stores
  • Educational institutions
  • Mail, post, shipping, logistics, delivery, and pick-up services
  • Critical trades, including building and construction
  • Laundry services
  • Supplies to work from home
  • Transportation
  • Financial institutions
  • Home-based care and services
  • Residential facilities and shelters
  • Professional services
  • Child care services for employees exempted by this Order
  • Media
  • Critical labor union functions
  • Hotels and motels
  • Funeral services

Idaho

  • Ordered March 25, 2020.
  • Defines “essential businesses and operations” as including the CISA Guidance and the following:
  • Essential healthcare operations
  • Essential infrastructure
  • Essential services and businesses
  • News media
  • Education services
  • Essential financial services
  • Essential transportation services
  • Essential food services
  • Other essential services

Illinois 

  • Ordered March 21, 2020.
  • Defines “essential businesses and operations” as:
  • Healthcare and Public Health Operations        
  • Essential Government Functions
  • Restaurants for consumption off-premises
  • Stores that sell groceries and medicine
  • Food, beverage, and cannabis production and agriculture
  • Organizations that provide charitable and social services
  • Manufacture, distribution, and supply chain for critical products and industries
  • Gas stations and businesses needed for transportation
  • Day care centers for employees exempt under executive order
  • Hardware and supply stores
  • Educational institutions
  • Mail, post, shipping, logistics, delivery, and pick-up services
  • Essential Infrastructure
  • Critical trades
  • Laundry services
  • Supplies to work from home
  • Supplies for Essential Businesses and Operations
  • Transportation
  • Financial institutions
  • Home-based care and services
  • Residential facilities and shelters
  • Professional services
  • Media
  • Critical labor union functions
  • Hotels and motels
  • Funeral services

Indiana 

  • Ordered March 23, 2020.
  • Defines “essential businesses and operations” as including the CISA Guidance and the following:
  • Healthcare and Public Health Operations
  • Essential Government Functions
  • Restaurants for consumption off-premises
  • Stores that sell groceries and medicine
  • Food, beverage, and agriculture
  • Organizations that provide charitable and social services
  • Manufacture, distribution, and supply chain for critical products and industries
  • Gas stations and businesses needed for transportation
  • Hardware and supply stores
  • Educational institutions
  • Mail, post, shipping, logistics, delivery, and pick-up services
  • Religious entities
  • Media
  • Essential Infrastructure
  • Human Service Operations        
  • Critical trades
  • Laundry services
  • Supplies to work from home
  • Supplies for Essential Businesses and Operations
  • Transportation
  • Financial and Insurance institutions
  • Home-based care and services
  • Residential facilities and shelters
  • Professional services
  • Critical labor union functions
  • Hotels and motels
  • Funeral services

Kansas

Kentucky 

  • Ordered March 22, 2020.
  • Defines “life-sustaining businesses” as grocery stores; pharmacies; banks, hardware stores; and other businesses that provide staple goods.
  • Retail businesses that are not life-sustaining may provide local delivery and curbside service of online or telephone orders.

Louisiana 

  • Ordered March 22, 2020.
  • Follows CISA guidance in determining what is considered an essential business.

Maine

  • Ordered March 31, 2020.
  • Refers to Executive Order 19 to determine which businesses may remain open.
  • Defines “Essential Businesses and Operations” as including the CISA Guidance and the following:
  • Food processing
  • Agriculture
  • Industrial manufacturing
  • Construction
  • Trash collection
  • Grocery and household goods (including convenience stores)
  • Home repair and hardware and auto repair
  • Pharmacy and other medical facilities
  • Biomedical
  • Behavioral health and health care providers
  • Child care
  • Post offices and shipping outlets
  • Insurance
  • Banks
  • Gas stations
  • Laundromats
  • Veterinary clinics and animal feed and supply stores
  • Shipping stores
  • Public transportation
  • Hotel and commercial lodging

Maryland 

  • Ordered March 23, 2020, updated March 30, 2020.
  • Follows CISA guidance in determining what is considered an essential business.
  • Specifies that the CISA list is non-exhaustive and that exclusion from the list does not mean it is excluded.

Massachusetts 

  • Ordered March 23, 2020.
  • Follows CISA guidance in determining what is considered an essential business, with the addition of steam workers in the energy sector.
  • The Governor may add additional sectors to this list.

Michigan 

  • Ordered March 23, 2020.
  • Follows CISA guidance in determining what businesses may continue in-person operations.

Minnesota

  • Ordered March 25, 2020.
  • Defines “Critical Sectors” as including the CISA Guidance and the following:
  • Tribal Governments
  • The Judicial Branch
  • The Executive Branch
  • Executive Constitutional Offices
  • The Legislative Branch
  • Federal Employees
  • National Guard.
  • Faith leaders and workers
  • Education
  • Construction and critical trades
  • Child care providers
  • Hotels, residential facilities and shelters
  • Shelters for displaced individuals.
  • Charitable and social services organizations
  • Legal services
  • Notaries
  • Critical Labor Union Functions
  • Laundry services
  • Animal shelters and veterinarians
  • Real Estate Transactions
  • Essential Supply Stores

Mississippi

Montana

  • Ordered March 26, 2020.
  • Follows CISA guidance in determining what is considered an essential business.

Nevada

  • Ordered April 1, 2020.
  • Includes CISA guidance in the definition of an Essential Licensed Business and the following industries, along with non-retail businesses that implement social distancing safeguards:
  • Healthcare providers
  • Veterinary services
  • Grocery stores
  • Pharmacies
  • Financial institutions
  • Hardware stores
  • Convenience stores
  • Security services
  • Gas stations
  • Construction
  • Mining
  • Manufacturing
  • Infrastructure

New Hampshire

  • Ordered March 26, 2020.
  • Follows CISA guidance in determining what is considered an essential business with some expansions in energy, manufacturing, and human services sectors.
  • The EO allows additional businesses to be added to the list with the approval of the Commissioner of Business and Economic Affairs and the Governor.

New Jersey 

  • Ordered March 21, 2020.
  • Essential businesses are defined as:
  • Grocery stores, farmer’s markets and farms that sell directly to customers, and other food stores, including retailers that offer a varied assortment of foods comparable to what exists at a grocery store
  • Car dealerships, but only to provide auto maintenance and repair services, and auto mechanics
  • Pharmacies and alternative treatment centers that dispense medicinal marijuana
  • Retail functions of laundromats and dry-cleaning services
  • Stores that principally sell supplies for children under five years old
  • Retail functions of banks and other financial institutions
  • Hardware and home improvement stores
  • Ancillary stores within healthcare facilities
  • Retail functions of printing and office supply shops
  • Retail functions of mail and delivery stores
  • Retail functions of gas stations
  • Medical supply stores
  • Convenience stores
  • Pet stores
  • Liquor stores
  • Mobile phone retail and repair shops (added 3/24)
  • Bicycle shops, but only to provide service and repair (added 3/24)
  • Livestock feed stores (added 3/24)
  • Nurseries and garden centers (added 3/24)
  • Farming equipment stores (added 3/24)
  • Individual appointments to view real estate (added 3/30)
  • Car dealers by online or remote sales (added 3/30)
  • Firearms Retailers by appointment (added 3/30)

New Mexico 

  • Ordered March 23, 2020.
  • The full list of essential businesses, with specific lists per industry, can be found here.
  • Essential businesses are defined as:
  • Healthcare / Public Health
  • Emergency Services
  • Childcare
  • Indigent Care
  • Infrastructure Operations
  • Food and Agriculture
  • Energy
  • Manufacture
  • Defense Research
  • Transportation
  • Service Sector
  • Professional Services
  • Financial Services
  • Media
  • Essential Manufacturing
  • Laboratories and defense and national security-related operations supporting the U.S. government or a contractor to the U.S. government
  • Hardware stores, nurseries and  businesses that generate most of their revenue from the sale of home-improvement goods
  • Laundromats and dry cleaner services
  • Funeral homes, crematoriums and cemeteries
  • Real estate services including brokers, title companies and related services

New York 

  • Ordered March 20, 2020.
  • Updated Guidance, which provides specific examples, identifies essential businesses as including the below sectors:
  • Essential Health Care Operations
  • Essential Manufacturing
  • Essential Infrastructure
  • Essential Services Necessary to Maintain the Safety, Sanitation and Essential Operations of Residences or Other Essential Businesses
  • Vendors that Provide Essential Services or Products, Including Logistics and Technology Support, Child Care and Services
  • Essential Services
  • Essential Retail
  • Construction
  • Defense
  • News Media
  • Financial Institutions
  • Providers of Basic Necessities to Economically Disadvantaged Populations

North Carolina

  • Ordered March 27, 2020.
  • Defines “essential businesses and operations” as including the CISA Guidance and the following:
  • Businesses that meet social distancing requirements
  • Healthcare and Public Health Operations
  • Human Services Operations
  • Essential Infrastructure Operations        
  • Essential Government Operations
  • Restaurants for consumption off-premises
  • Stores that sell groceries and medicine
  • Food, beverage production and agriculture
  • Organizations that provide charitable and social services
  • Manufacture, distribution, and supply chain for critical products and industries
  • Gas stations and businesses needed for transportation
  • Home improvement, hardware and supply stores
  • Educational institutions
  • Mail, post, shipping, logistics, delivery, and pick-up services
  • Critical trades
  • Laundry services
  • Supplies to work from home
  • Supplies for COVID-19 Essential Businesses and Operations
  • Transportation
  • Financial and insurance institutions
  • Home-based care and services
  • Residential facilities and shelters
  • Professional services
  • Media
  • Religious entities
  • Defense and military contractors
  • Hotels and motels
  • Funeral services
  • Additional COVID-19 Essential Retail Businesses

Ohio 

  • Ordered March 21, 2020.
  • Defines “essential businesses and operations” as including the CISA Guidance and the following:
  • Healthcare and Public Health Operations
  • Essential Government Functions
  • Restaurants for consumption off-premises
  • Stores that sell groceries and medicine
  • Food, beverage, and licensed marijuana production and agriculture
  • Organizations that provide charitable and social services
  • Manufacture, distribution, and supply chain for critical products and industries
  • Gas stations and businesses needed for transportation
  • Hardware and supply stores
  • Educational institutions
  • Mail, post, shipping, logistics, delivery, and pick-up services
  • Religious entities                                
  • Media
  • Essential Infrastructure
  • Human Service Operations        
  • Critical trades
  • Laundry services
  • Supplies to work from home
  • Supplies for Essential Businesses and Operations
  • Transportation
  • Financial and Insurance institutions
  • Home-based care and services
  • Residential facilities and shelters
  • Professional services
  • Critical labor union functions
  • Hotels and motels
  • Funeral services
  • First Amendment protected speech

Oklahoma

  • Ordered March 24, 2020.
  • Order closes all businesses not identified as being within a critical infrastructure sector, such as gyms, salons, massage parlors and movie theaters, where counties have community spread effective March 25 at 11:59PM through April 15.
  • Follows CISA guidance in determining what is considered a critical infrastructure sector.
  • Allows the Governor to identify additional critical sectors.

Oregon 

  • Ordered March 23, 2020.
  • Order does not provide a list of businesses that are “essential,” but a list of businesses that may no longer remain open to the public.
  • According to a guidance document, the following businesses are allowed with proper social distancing:
  • Hospitals and Healthcare
  • Grocery Stores
  • Banks
  • Pharmacies
  • Takeout/Delivery from Restaurants and Bars
  • Pet Stores
  • Child care facilities and babysitters (only if abiding by new rules)
  • Certain Retail Stores
  • Outdoor activities like walking your dog, jogging, or biking in your neighborhood
  • Gas Stations

Pennsylvania 

  • Ordered March 19, 2020, updated April 1.
  • The full list of businesses considered “life sustaining” that may continue physical operations may be found here. Businesses may file for a waiver to remain open here.

Rhode Island 

  • Ordered March 28, 2020.
  • Defines “critical retail businesses” as:
  • Food and beverage stores (e.g., supermarkets, liquor, specialty food, and convenience stores, farmers' markets, food banks and pantries)
  • Pharmacies and medical supply stores
  • Compassion centers
  • Pet supply stores
  • Printing shops
  • Mail and delivery stores and operations
  • Gas stations
  • Laundromats
  • Electronics and telecommunications stores
  • Office supply, industrial and agricultural/seafood equipment and supply stores
  • Hardware stores
  • Funeral homes
  • Auto repair and supply
  • Banks and credit unions
  • Firearms stores
  • Healthcare and public safety professional uniform stores
  • Other stores and businesses identified as critical by the Department of Business Regulation

Tennessee

  • Ordered March 30, 2020.
  • Defines “Essential Services” as including the CISA Guidance and the following:
  • Healthcare and Public Health Operations
  • Human Services Operations        
  • Essential Government Functions
  • Essential Infrastructure Operations
  • Food and medicine stores
  • Food and beverage production and agriculture
  • Organizations that provide charitable and social services
  • Religious and ceremonial functions
  • Manufacture, distribution, and supply chain for critical products and industries
  • Gas stations and businesses needed for transportation
  • Day care centers for employees exempt under executive order
  • Hardware and supply stores
  • Educational institutions
  • Mail, post, shipping, logistics, delivery, and pick-up services
  • Critical trades
  • Laundry services
  • Restaurants for off-premises consumption
  • Supplies to work from home
  • Supplies for Essential Businesses and Operations
  • Transportation
  • Financial institutions and insurance entities
  • Home-based care and services
  • Residential facilities and shelters
  • Professional services
  • Media
  • Hotels and motels
  • Funeral services
  • Businesses related to an Essential Activity
  • Businesses operating with 10 or fewer persons on the premises at a time

Texas

  • Ordered March 31, 2020.
  • Defines “Essential Services” as including the CISA Guidance and the following:
  • Religious services conducted in churches, congregations, and houses of worship.
  • Other services as approved by the Texas Division of Emergency Management.

Utah

  • Ordered March 27, 2020.
  • Issues directives to for-profit and nonprofit organizations, but they are not required to close.

Vermont

  • Ordered March 24, 2020.
  • Defines services or functions deemed critical to public health and safety, as well as economic and national security as:
  • Health care operations
  • Law enforcement, public safety and first responders
  • Critical infrastructure including utilities, telecommunication, airports and transportation infrastructure
  • Construction necessary to support the COVID-19 response and maintain critical infrastructure;
  • Critical manufacturing
  • Retail serving basic human needs such as grocery stores, pharmacies, other retail that sells food, beverage, animal feed and essential supplies
  • Fuel products and supply
  • Hardware stores
  • Transportation sector and agricultural sector equipment parts, repair and maintenance
  • Trash collection and disposal, recycling and operations and maintenance of drinking water and wastewater/drainage infrastructure
  • Agriculture and farms, animal shelters, production and delivery of seed, chemicals and fertilizers, CSAs and veterinarians
  • Lodging
  • Other building and property services for the safety, sanitation and operations of residences or other businesses
  • Mail and shipping services
  • News media
  • Banks and related financial institutions
  • Providers of necessities and services to economically disadvantaged populations
  • Other vendors of technical, security, logistics, custodial and equipment repair and maintenance services necessary to support the COVID-19 response, critical infrastructure and national security

Virginia

  • Ordered March 30, 2020.
  • Refers to Executive Order 53 to determine which businesses may remain open. The order allows professional businesses to remain open. Allows Essential Retail Businesses to remain open, which include:
  • Grocery stores, pharmacies, and other retailers that sell food and beverage products or pharmacy products, including dollar stores, and department stores with grocery or pharmacy operations
  • Medical, laboratory, and vision supply retailers
  • Electronic retailers that sell or service cell phones, computers, tablets, and other communications technology
  • Automotive parts, accessories, and tire retailers as well as automotive repair facilities
  • Home improvement, hardware, building material, and building supply retailers
  • Lawn and garden equipment retailers
  • Beer, wine, and liquor stores
  • Retail functions of gas stations and convenience stores
  • Retail located within healthcare facilities
  • Banks and other financial institutions with retail functions
  • Pet and feed stores
  • Printing and office supply stores
  • Laundromats and dry cleaners

Washington 

  • Ordered March 23, 2020.
  • Follows CISA guidance in determining what is considered an essential business.
  • The full list of essential businesses, with specific examples by sector, may be found here.

West Virginia 

  • Ordered March 23, 2020.
  • Defines “essential businesses and operations” as including the CISA Guidance and the following:
  • Healthcare, Public Health Operations, and Health Insurance Companies
  • Grocery Stores and Pharmacies
  • Essential Government Functions
  • Human Service Organizations and Childcare Facilities and Providers
  • Coal mining and coal-fired electric generation facilities        
  • Food, beverage, and agriculture
  • Manufacture, distribution, and supply chain for critical products and industries
  • Transportation and travel related businesses and gas stations
  • Educational institutions
  • Mail, post, shipping, logistics, delivery, and pick-up services
  • Media and first amendment protected speech
  • Essential Infrastructure
  • Critical trades
  • Laundry services
  • Supplies to work from home
  • Supplies for Essential Businesses and Operations
  • Financial and Insurance institutions
  • Home-based care and services
  • Residential facilities and shelters
  • Professional services
  • Hotels and motels
  • Funeral services
  • Hardware and supply stores
  • Religious entities

Wisconsin 

  • Ordered March 24, 2020.
  • Defines “essential businesses and operations” as including the CISA Guidance and the following:
  • Stores that sell groceries and medicine
  • Food and beverage production, transport, and agriculture
  • Restaurants for take-out and delivery only
  • Bars for carry-out of alcoholic beverages and food
  • Child care settings
  • Organizations that provide charitable and social services
  • Weddings, funerals, and religious entities with fewer than 10 people
  • Funeral establishments with fewer than 10 people
  • Media
  • Gas stations and businesses needed for transportation
  • Financial institutions and services
  • Hardware and supplies stores
  • Critical trades
  • Mail, post, shipping, logistics, delivery, and pick-up services
  • Laundry services
  • Supplies to work from home
  • Supplies for Essential Businesses and Operations and Essential Governmental Functions
  • Transportation
  • Home-based care and services
  • Professional services
  • Manufacture, distribution, and supply chain for critical products and industries
  • Critical labor union functions
  • Hotels and motels
  • Higher educational institutions.
  • WEDC designated businesses (Designation inquiry form here)

Localities

Localities are listed by state, then by alphabetical order within that state. Click the name of the locality to access source documents.

Birmingham, AL

  • Ordered: March 24, 2020
  • Effective: March 24, 2020
  • Expires: April 3, 2020, unless it is determined that the emergency conditions no longer exist prior to that date but may be extended if the duration of the emergency conditions continue beyond that date

Alameda County, CA

  • Ordered: March 16, 2020
  • Effective: March 17, 2020
  • Expires: May 3, 2020

Contra Costa County, CA

  • Ordered: March 16, 2020
  • Effective: March 17, 2020
  • Expires: May 3, 2020

Los Angeles City, CA

  • Ordered: March 19, 2020
  • Effective: March 19, 2020
  • Expires: April 19, 2020, and may be extended prior to that time

San Diego County, CA

  • Ordered: March 17, 2020
  • Effective: March 17, 2020
  • Expires: March 31, 2020

San Francisco City and County, CA

  • Ordered: March 16, 2020
  • Effective: March 17, 2020
  • Expires: May 3, 2020

San Mateo County, CA

Santa Clara County, CA

  • Ordered: March 16, 2020
  • Effective: March 17, 2020
  • Expires: May 3, 2020

Ventura County, CA

Washington, DC

  • Ordered: March 30, 2020
  • Effective: April 1, 2020
  • Expires: April 24, 2020, or until it is extended, rescinded, superseded or amended

Broward County, FL

  • Ordered: March 20, 2020
  • Effective: March 20, 2020
  • Expires: March 31, 2020, but may be renewed upon the written request of the County Administrator

Miami-Dade County, FL

  • Ordered: March 26, 2020
  • Effective: March 26, 2020
  • Expires: Upon the expiration of the existing Miami-Dade County State of Local Emergency, except that if such State of Local Emergency is extended, this order shall also be deemed to extend for the duration of such extension.

Orange County, FL

  • Ordered: March 26, 2020
  • Effective: March 26, 2020
  • Expires: April 9, 2020

Palm Beach County, FL

  • Ordered: March 20, 2020
  • Effective: March 20, 2020
  • Expires: March 31, 2020, but may be renewed upon the written request of the County Administrator

Pinellas County, FL

  • Ordered: March 25, 2020
  • Effective: March 26, 2020
  • Expires: Upon the expiration of the existing State of Local Emergency, as same may be extended by subsequent order or declaration

Atlanta, GA

  • Ordered: March 23, 2020
  • Effective: March 24, 2020
  • Expires: not stated

Cobb and Douglas County, GA

  • Ordered: March 27, 2020
  • Effective: March 27, 2020
  • Expires: April 10, 2020 or until it is extended, rescinded, superseded, or amended in writing

DeKalb County, GA

  • Ordered: March 27, 2020
  • Effective: March 28, 2020
  • Expires: in effect until further notice

Fulton County, GA

  • Ordered: March 31, 2020
  • Effective: March 31, 2020
  • Expires: Remains in place until rescinded

Gwinnett County, GA

  • Ordered: March 27, 2020
  • Effective: March 28, 2020
  • Expires: April 13, 2020 or until it is extended, rescinded, superseded, or amended in writing

Savannah (Chatham County), GA

  • Ordered: March 24, 2020
  • Effective: March 24, 2020
  • Expires: April 8, 2020 unless otherwise amended, extended, or cancelled by the Mayor

Chicago, IL

  • FAQ
  • Ordered: March 20, 2020
  • Effective: March 21, 2020
  • Expires: April 7, 2020

Indianapolis (Marion County), IL

  • Ordered: March 16, 2020
  • Effective: March 16, 2020
  • Expires: Seven days unless (1) consent to its extension is given by the City-County Council and (2) it is in fact extended by further executive order or by a resolution of the City-County Council.

New Orleans, LA

  • Ordered: March 16, 2020
  • Effective: March 16, 2020
  • Expires: not states

Jackson County, MO

  • Ordered: March 16, 2020
  • Effective: March 17, 2020
  • Expires: Various dates for different operations

Kansas City, MO

  • Stay at Home Order FAQ
  • Ordered: March 21, 2020
  • Effective: March 24, 2020
  • Expires: April 24, 2020 unless and until it is extended, rescinded, superseded, or amended in writing

St. Louis, MO

  • Stay at Home Order FAQ
  • Ordered: March 21, 2020
  • Effective: March 23, 2020
  • Expires: April 22, 2020 or until it is extended, rescinded, superseded, or amended in writing by the Director of Health & Hospitals/Health Commissioner

St. Louis County, MO

  • Stay at Home FAQs
  • Ordered: March 21, 2020
  • Effective: March 23, 2020
  • Expires: April 22, 2020

Bergen County, NJ

  • Ordered: March 16, 2020
  • Effective: March 17, 2020
  • Expires: remains in effect until modified

Mecklenburg County, NC

  • Ordered: March 24, 2020
  • Effective: March 26, 2020
  • Expires: 21 days, April 16, 2020

Wake County, NC

  • Ordered: March 26, 2020
  • Effective: March 27, 2020
  • Expires: April 16, 2020, but will be regularly reviewed and evaluated and may be terminated, amended, extended or rescinded accordingly

Cuyahoga County, OH

  • Ordered: March 22, 2020
  • Effective: March 23, 2020
  • Expires: April 6, 2020

Columbus, OH

  • Ordered: March 22, 2020
  • Effective: March 23, 2020
  • Expires: April 6, 2020, unless the Director of the Ohio Department of Health rescinds or modifies this Order at a sooner time and date

Philadelphia County, PA

  • Ordered: March 22, 2020
  • Effective: March 23, 2020
  • Expires: remains in effect indefinitely, until rescinded, superseded, or amended by further order

Shelby County, TN

  • Ordered: March 25, 2020
  • Effective: March 25, 2020
  • Expires: Expires after thirty days, but remains, “in force until such time as we have determined that the disease is no longer a threat to the public.”

Austin, TX

  • Ordered: March 24, 2020
  • Effective: March 24, 2020
  • Expires: April 13, 2020

Collin County, TX

  • Ordered: March 24, 2020
  • Effective: March 24, 2020
  • Expires: Seven days unless continued or renewed

Dallas County, TX

  • Ordered: March 22, 2020
  • Effective: March 23, 2020
  • Expires: April 3, 2020

Denton County, TX

  • Ordered: March 24, 2020
  • Effective: March 25, 2020
  • Expires: Seven days unless continued or renewed

El Paso County, TX

  • Ordered: March 24, 2020
  • Effective: March 24, 2020
  • Expires: not stated

Harris County, TX

  • Ordered: March 24, 2020
  • Effective: March 24, 2020
  • Expires: April 3, 2020

Hidalgo County, TX

  • Ordered: March 24, 2020
  • Effective: March 26, 2020
  • Expires: April 10, 2020, or until it is either rescinded, superseded, or amended

San Antonio and Bexar County, TX

  • Ordered: March 23, 2020
  • Effective: March 24, 2020
  • Expires: April 9 202, or until it is either rescinded, superseded or amended

Travis County, TX

  • Ordered: March 24, 2020
  • Effective: March 24, 2020
  • Expires: April 13, 2020