2022 Keelboat Racing at KYC
PHRF 1 Fleet Cocaptain: Robert Weguelin (interim)
PHRF 2 Fleet Captain: John Vines
Shark Fleet Captain: Robin Wynne-Edwards
Race/Event Office: email@example.com
Notice of Race & Sailing Instructions
Last updated 2022-01-07 @ 3:10 pm
(amendments are highlighted in yellow)
The notation ‘[NP]’ in a rule means that a boat may not protest another boat for breaking that rule. The changes RRS 60.1(a).
0.1 Unless otherwise posted on the Official Notice Board, these SIs will be in effect.
1.1 KYC Races will be governed by the rules as defined in The Racing Rules of Sailing and the By-laws of the Kingston Yacht Club
1.2 For weekend series events, from sunset to sunrise, the navigation rules of the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea 1972 (COLREGS) replaces RRS Part 2.
2. ELIGIBILITY AND ENTRY
2.1 KYC Races are open to all boats of the Shark class and all boats of the Performance Handicap Racing Fleet - Lake Ontario (PHRF) class.
2.2 PHRF classes will be handicapped using the time on time (TOT) method. The PHRF class may be split into PHRF 1 and PHRF 2 classes. PHRF 1 will include all boats that rate 165 or less. PHRF 2 will include all boats that rate 166 or more.
2.2.1 PHRF-LO is planning on introducing Point to Point (P2P) ratings in the near future. KYC Long distance races may have a second set of scores generated using P2P ratings, but these will not be used in the computation of series scores and are for informational purposes only.
2.2.2 A CFR (Casual Fleet Racing) fleet will be included. This fleet will have a non-traditional Start wherein they will have a sequence followed by a Starting Window. Boats may Start at any time while the Window is Open. They may sail FS or NFS. After finishing they will record and report their Start time, their Finish time and their sail plan status (FS or NFS).
2.3 If there are situations where PHRF 1 and PHRF 2 sail the same course and start at the same time they will be scored separately
2.4 A group of similar boats having consistently more than 5 starters in a class may be offered a separate start.
2.5 Article 24 of the club bylaws limits the introduction of guests; this includes as race crew. Therefore all those who participate in KYC sailing events shall be either KYC members in good standing, invited guests (within the limits of our defined guest policy); or, in the spirit of good sportsmanship, visiting members of affiliated yacht clubs with whom KYC has exchanged reciprocal privileges. It is the responsibility of the skipper to ensure that their crew are eligible to participate. Boats contravening this Bylaw are subject to protest.
2.6 A boat enters a series by starting in at least one race in that series.
3.1 Each Shark shall produce a valid measurement certificate and/or certificate of boat compliance with their Class Rules upon request.
3.2 Each PHRF boat shall produce a valid PHRF-LO rating certificate.
3.2.1 Boats participating in the CFR fleet may also hold a KYC assigned rating.
4.1 (i) The Official Notice Board will be the KYC web site under “SAILING > KEELBOAT RACING (“Official Notice Board” section)”.
(ii) The Race Committee Duties schedule will also be posted on the KYC web site “SAILING > KEELBOAT RACING” page in the “Race/Event Committee Duties” section.
(iii) Notices and schedules may be duplicated in the closed glass case located at the base of the staircase near the door to the bar.
4.2 [NP] For long distance races, all boats shall carry a VHF radio capable of communicating on channel 16 and 71
5. CHANGES TO THE SAILING INSTRUCTIONS
Any change to the Sailing Instructions will be posted at least 2 hours before racing on the day it will take effect, except that any change to the schedule of races will be posted before 2000 hours on the last racing day before it will take effect. In addition, Code Flag 'L' will be flown from the KYC Yardarm at least 1 hour before racing on the day the amendment first takes effect.
6. SIGNALS MADE ASHORE
6.1 Signals made ashore will be displayed from the KYC Yardarm located on the breakwater. Race Committee may also broadcast notice of signals on VHF channel 71.
6.2 When flag AP is displayed ashore RSS RACE SIGNALS are changed so that ‘1 minute’ is replaced with ‘not less than 30 minutes’ for the race signal AP.
7. SCHEDULE OF RACES
7.1 Weeknight races for all classes will be held on Tuesday and Thursday, starting Tuesday May 10 and ending Thursday September 29.
7.2 The scheduled time of the first warning signal for weeknight races is 1800.
7.3 Weekend race dates and times are specified in Appendix B.
8. CLASS FLAGS
Class flags (and usual starting order) will be:
Numeral Pennant 1
Numeral Pennant 2
Numeral Pennant 3
Numeral Pennant 4
9. RACING AREAS
Racing will be held in the waters of Kingston Harbour, south of Kingston Yacht Club and connected areas of Lake Ontario and the St. Lawrence River.
10. THE COURSES
10.1 Courses will be signalled by displaying letter plaques that correspond to the marks of the course in the sequence of rounding. The plaques will be displayed in rows above the cabin of the RC boat. One row is used for each class. In general, the starting order and course display will be as follows.
Should the 3rd row be left blank, PHRF 2 will sail the course posted on the top row.
In addition, if the Race Committee decides to start one or more classes together, their class flags will be displayed together as their Warning signal.
10.2 Course plaques are visible from both sides. The letters posted are to be read from bow to stern of the Race Committee vessel. (That is: Right to Left on the starboard side, Left to Right on the port side.) The most forward letter designates the mark ending the first leg. The stern-most letter designates the finish mark.
10.3 Course boards may be removed 5 minutes after the last start.
10.4 All windward marks for weeknight racing will be left to port.
10.5 All courses for weeknight racing will include a windward leg as the first leg.
10.6 All Shark courses for weeknight racing will be a combination of windward and leeward legs only.
10.7 Courses for weeknight racing will not be set or shortened to fewer than two legs.
10.8 Courses for weekend racing are specified in Appendix A.
10.9 For CFR fleet only:
10.9.1 SI #10.3, #10.4 and #10.5 shall not apply.
11.1 The mark network used for KYC races includes government buoys, KYC permanent marks, and temporary marks as described with latitude and longitude on the KYC Marks Network and shown approximately on the KYC Marks Map.
11.2 Other marks may be orange flags on a pin, orange tetra-marks, or round orange marks.
12. THE START
12.1 Races will be started by using Rule 26 with the warning signal made five (5) minutes before the starting signal. The signalling (repeated from rule 26) will be:
Flag & Sound
Minutes Before Starting Signal
P, I, Z, Z with I,U or Black flag;
Preparatory flag removed;
1 long sound
Class flag removed;
12.1.1 For CFR fleet only: For every race there will be a Starting Window. This is the period during which competitors may start. The Starting Window will be 10 minutes after their class flag is removed.
12.2 The starting line will be between the mast displaying the "RC" flag on the Race Committee vessel and a temporary mark identified as Mark "O" with an orange flag. Alternatively, the temporary mark may be replaced by any mark listed in the mark network. When conditions prevent anchoring of the Race Committee vessel, it may be replaced by a temporary mark with an orange flag. Boats whose warning signal has not been made shall avoid the starting area during other starting sequences.
12.3 A boat not starting within 4 minutes of her starting signal will be scored Did Not Start without a hearing. This changes rules A4 and A5.
12.3.1 SI 12.3 shall not apply to the CFR fleet.
12.4 All boats are requested to check in with the Race Committee before the Warning signal for their race. Boats are requested to sail across the stern of the Race Committee vessel on starboard tack and to check in. Failure to be identified as a starter may result in a boat being scored DNC.
12.5 Boats using a sail with a number other than their registered number shall notify the Race Committee prior to their warning signal.
12.6 The Race Committee may hail the sail numbers of boats that are OCS on VHF channel 71. Failure to do so, or the order of boats called, shall not be grounds for redress.
13. CHANGE OF THE NEXT LEG OF THE COURSE
RRS 33 is changed to read:
The race committee may change the course with the display of Code Flag “C” with repetitive sounds and display of the sequence of marks from that point in the race to the finish.
The signal will be displayed at a rounding mark or at a gate.
When Code Flag “C” is displayed alone the change will apply to all classes. When Code Flag “C” is displayed with a class flag or flags it will apply only to the designated classes.
14. THE FINISH
14.1 The finishing line will be between a mark of the course and the mast displaying the blue shape, blue flag or Code Flag "S", when shortening, on a Race Committee vessel. If conditions prevent anchoring of the Race Committee vessel, or if for any other reason the vessel is absent, the vessel may be replaced by a temporary mark.
14.2 For CFR fleet only: The finishing line will be between Mark P and the Flagpole, unless the course is shortened. Each competitor shall take their finish time and report it and their start time to the KYC Race Office as soon as possible.
15. TIME LIMITS AND TARGET TIMES
15.1 Time limits and target times are as follows:
Mark 1 Time
June, July, August Weeknights
0030 before sunset
If no boat has passed Mark 1 within the Mark 1 time limit the race will be abandoned. Failure to meet the target time will not be grounds for redress.
15.2 For weeknight races, boats failing to finish within 30 minutes (corrected time) after the first boat in their class sails the course and finishes will be scored Did Not Finish without a hearing. This changes rules 35, A4 and A5.
16. PROTESTS AND REQUESTS FOR REDRESS
16.1 Printed protest forms are available at the KYC Race Office and at the bar and electronically from Sail Canada: Protest Form.pdf.
Protests and requests for redress or reopening shall be delivered to the Race Management Coordinator (in person) or by email to the KYC Race Office at firstname.lastname@example.org, within the appropriate time limit.
16.2 The protest time limit is 90 minutes after the last boat has finished the last race of the day. The Race Management Coordinator will post the protest closing time as soon as possible on returning to shore.
16.3 Protests will be heard at the first possible date following the race where the incident took place. Parties will be notified of the time and place of the hearing.
16.4 Notices of protests by the race committee or protest committee will be posted to inform boats as provided in rule 61.1(b).
16.5 Protestors are encouraged to inform the R.C. on the water of their intention to protest.
16.6 RRS Appendix T1 (Post-Race Penalties) will apply.
16.6.1 RRS T1(a) is changed to read as follows: “A boat takes a Post-Race Penalty by delivering to the Race Management Coordinator (in person) or by email to the KYC Race Office at email@example.com, before the protest hearing, a written statement that she accepts the penalty and that identifies which race and where and when the incident occurred”
16.6.1 RRS T2 will not apply
17.1 Scoring shall be in accordance with the RRS Appendix A.
17.2 Appendix A4.2 is amended as follows: A boat that did not start, retired after finishing or was disqualified shall be scored points for the finishing place one more than the number of boats entered in the series. A boat that did not finish shall be scored points for the finishing place one more than the number of boats that finished the race. A boat that is penalized under rule 30.2 or that takes a penalty under rule 44.3(a) shall be scored points as provided in rule 44.3(c).
17.3 RACE COMMITTEE AND REGATTA POINTS:
17.3.1 Races will be managed by members who race at KYC. A boat providing three or more people (two for boats with only three crew) to perform Race Committee Duty (RCD) on its designated weeknight(s) or weekend(s) shall be scored points equal to the average of its scores for all races in that weeknight series, or in the case of a weekend race duty, a race in the weeknight series in the same month as the weekend race, except those excluded under 17.6. In the weekend race case, the boat will not have raced in the race she chooses. Failure to do so will result in the following penalties:
i.) A boat providing fewer people than required shall be scored points equal to the average of its scores for all races in the series, including those normally excluded under 17.6.
ii.) A boat providing no people shall be scored DND (Do Not Discard), and may face additional penalties at the discretion of the Sailing Committee.
17.3.2 A boat that misses a race due to participation in a recognized non-KYC race shall be scored points equal to the average of its scores for all races in the series, except those excluded under 17.6. To receive Regatta Points, a boat must submit details of her intentions to the KYC Race Office prior to the race, in writing, stating race to be attended, dates of races to be missed, boat and owner’s names.
17.4 When ties are broken in accordance with the RRS, Race Committee points and other average points shall be rounded to the nearest whole number and scored as a finish position for the purposes of tie breaking.
17.5 RACES HELD AND SCORED
A race is held for the class if one boat in that class (fleet) starts and the race is not abandoned.
For the PHRF classes, the season will be divided into 5 series composed of:
For the Shark class, the season will be divided into 5 series composed of:
Four (4) races are required to be completed to constitute a series.
i.) When fewer than 5 races have been completed, a boat’s series score will be the total of her race scores.
ii.) When 5 to 7 races have been completed, a boat’s series score will be the total of her race scores excluding her worst score.
iii.) When 8 or more races have been completed, a boat’s series score will be the total of her race scores excluding her two worst scores.
17.7 Results will be posted on the KYC website on the “SAILING > RESULTS” page and may be duplicated on the bulletin board inside the Clubhouse as soon as practicable after each race. Series results will be posted and updated regularly throughout the series and the season.
18.1 RRS 40 is amended to read: “When flag Y is displayed with one sound before or with the warning signal, competitors out of the cockpit shall wear personal flotation devices, except briefly while changing or adjusting clothing or personal equipment. Wetsuits and drysuits are not personal flotation devices.”
18.2 A boat that retires from a race shall notify the race committee or KYC Race Office as soon as possible. The notification may be provided orally, by VHF radio Channel 71 or emailing KYC Race Office at firstname.lastname@example.org. Give the boat's Name, Sail Number, and the Class.
19. RACE COMMITTEE DUTY (See SI 17.3)
Crews of competing boats are required to participate as Race Committees, according to the schedule of duties published online on the SAILING > KEELBOAT RACING page of KYC website. Race Committee duty requires at least 3 people (2 for boats with fewer than 4 crew). Boats may fulfill their obligations by serving as Race Committee on evening or weekend events.
Prizes may be awarded to weeknight race winners. Flags will be awarded to series winners. Trophies will be awarded as detailed in Appendix B and the instructions for individual events.
21. DISCLAIMER OF LIABILITY
In accordance with rule 4, competitors participate entirely at their own risk. KYC will not accept any liability for material damage or personal injury or death sustained in conjunction with, prior to, during, or after the racing.
Each participating boat shall be insured with valid third-party liability insurance with a minimum cover of CDN$2,000,000 per event or the equivalent.
Appendix A: Weekend Events
The Schedule of Weekend Races is detailed in the Keelboat Racing Schedule with links to the course information for individual races (attached in the paper copy). Unless otherwise noted, there will be a Skipper’s meeting at one hour before the scheduled first warning signal for the event.
If fewer than 3 Sharks are represented at the Skipper’s meeting, the Shark start may be cancelled and Sharks with a valid PHRF certificate may race in the appropriate PHRF class.
Trophies will be awarded on the basis of best corrected finish time for the PHRF classes and best finish position for the Shark class.
Regardless of whether the Race Committee is available to finish boats, competitors are required to report their finish time, corrected to the 'Official Time', by sending an email to the KYC Race Office at email@example.com within 24 hours of the boat's finish.
Evening Series PHRF 1: KYC Cup Handicap-Keel Championship (1912)
PHRF 2: Championship Cup 1896-97
The five evening series results will be scored equally as a series. One evening series may be dropped. Ties will be resolved in accordance with Sailing Instructions and RRS Appendix A 1.4.
Weekend Series PHRF 1: Kingston Ice Yacht Club Challenge Cup (1895)
PHRF 2: Crescent Yacht Club Challenge Cup (1924)
The weekend series events for PHRF will include: KYC Pigeon Island Race, KYC Wolfe Island Race, KYC Main Duck Race, KYC Harbour Race, and the KYC Carruthers Series. The results of these events will be scored equally as a series. When 5 or more events have been completed, a boat’s series score will be the total of her event scores excluding her worst score. Ties will be resolved in accordance with Sailing Instructions and RRS Appendix A 1.4.
Evening Series - Gostlin Trophy for KYC Annual Competition - Fleet Championship (1973)
The five evening series results will be scored equally as a series. One evening series may be dropped. Ties will be resolved in accordance with Sailing instructions and RRS Appendix A.
Weekend Series – Walker International Challenge Cup for Ice Yachts
The weekend series events for Sharks will include: KYC Pigeon Island Race, KYC Wolfe Island Race, KYC Harbour Race, the KYC Carruthers Series, and another Regatta as may be designated by the fleet in advance of May 1. The results of these events will be scored equally as a series. When 5 or more events have been completed, a boat’s series score will be the total of her event scores excluding her worst score. Ties will be resolved in accordance with Sailing Instructions and RRS Appendix A 1.4.
The Doug Jemmett Championship Trophy
A Club Champion may be determined by racing between the fleet champions. The boats chosen to compete in will be decided by the Racing Committee. Details will be posted and the competitors informed.