ICS Calendar Title: Matter, Body and Gender in the Thought of Hildegard of Bingen, Bernardus Sylvestris, Alan of Lille and Thomas Aquinas

ICS Course Code: ICS 220403 F17

Instructor: Dr. Robert Sweetman

Term and Year: Tuesday 9:30 am-12:30 pm, Fall 2017

Last Updated: August 31, 2011

Course Description

This seminar explores the themes of matter, body and gender in selected works of Hildegard of Bingen, Bernardus Sylvestris, Alan of Lille and Thomas Aquinas.  It uses the way thinkers interlink the themes of structure, genesis and religious dynamic to examine the intersection of Christian understanding, ontology and gender.

Course Requirement

  1.  Per week in-class reading (+/-50 pages).
  2. Weekly formulation of two questions with reading context (passages in text that together give rise to the question in context of the reading as whole) = 25% of grade.
  3. Leadership of one seminar in the course of the term (primed by 4-6 page analysis of text as well as the requisite two questions) = 15% of grade.
  4. 15-25 page (20-30 pages for PhD candidates) research paper on a topic mutually agreed to by senior and junior member (or other student member) alike = 60% of grade.

Required Readings

Thomas Aquinas, Compendium theologiae and Summa contra Gentiles = (selections—78 pages) (ICS Library Reserve Shelf: BX1749 .T36 1963)

Hildegard of Bingen, Liber divinorum operum = The Book of Divine Works (selections—265 pages) (ICS Library Reserve Shelf: BV5080 .H5213 1997)

Alan of Lille, De planctu naturae = The Complaint of Nature (160 pages) (ICS Library Reserve Shelf: PA8240 .A5 A6813 1980)

Bernardus Syvestris, Cosmographia = The Marking of Creation (150 pages) (ICS Library Reserve Shelf: PA8275 .B25 C613 1990)

Recommended Readings:

Allen, Prudence.  The Concept of Woman: The Aristotelian Revolution 750 BC-AD 1250.  Montreal: Eden Press, 1985. (ICS Library Reserve Shelf: BD450 .A472 1997 v.1)

Allen, Prudence.  The Concept of Woman: Volume II: The Early Humanist Reformation 1250-1500.  Grand Rapids: Eerdman’s, 2002. (BD450 .A472 1997 v.2)

Asper, M.  “Silva parens: zur allegorischen Technik des Bernardus Silvestris,”  Fabrica: Studien zur antiken Literatur und ihrer Rezeption. Eds. T. Baier and F. Schiman.  Stuttgart: Teubner, 1997,  129-147. (May be requested from U of T Downsview: PA26 .L38 F33 1997)

Bezner, F.  Vela Veritatis: Hermeneutik, Wissen und Sprache in der ‘Intellectual History’ des 12. Jahrhunderts.  Leiden: Brill, 2005. (Pontifical Institute for Medieval Studies, CB354.6 .B39 2005 IMS, library use only)

Chance J.  Medieval Mythography: From Roman North Africa to the School of Chartres, A.D. 433-1177.  Gainsville, FL: University of Florida Press, 1994. (Robarts Library: PA6029 .R4 C48 1994 v.1-3)

Chenu, Marie-Dominique.  Nature, Man and Society in the Twelfth Century: Essays on New Theological Perspectives in the Latin West.  Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1968. (Robarts Library: BT26 .C513)

Dinzelbacher, Peter.  “Bericht, Verschriftlichung und Reoralisierung visionärer Erlebnisse im Mönchtum des 12. Und 13. Jahrhundert,”  Understanding Monastic Practices of Oral Communication.  Turnhout: Brepols, 2011.  245-263. (Robarts Library: BX2435 .U53 2011)

D’onofrio, Giulio.  “Between Larissa and Damascus: Philosophical Paradigm and Medieval Thought: A Historiographical Theory,”  The Medieval Paradigm: Religious Thought and Philosophy.  Turnhout: Brepols, 2012.  1.13-43. (Pontifical Institute of Medieval Studies, library use only, B738 .S55 M43 2012 v.1-2 IMS. Can also be requested from U of T Downsview)

Dronke, Peter.  Fabula: Explorations into the Uses of Myth in Medieval Platonism.  Leiden: Brill, 1974. (Robarts Library: B732 .D76)

Dronke, Peter.  A History of Twelfth-Century Western Philosophy.  Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988. (Robarts Library: B721 .H58 1988)

Dronke, Peter.  The Spell of Calcidius: Platonic Concepts and Images in the Medieval West.  Florence: SISMEL, 2008. (Robarts Library: B665.5 .C54 D76 2008X)

Dronke, Peter.  “The Four Elements in the Thought of Hildegard of Bingen: Cosmology and Poetry,”  Studi medievali.  Ser. 3  54:2 (2013): 905-922.

Ellard, Peter.  The Sacred Cosmos: theological, Philosophical, and Scientific Conversations in the Early Twelfth-Century School of Chartres.  Scranton PA: University of Scranton Press, 2007. (Robarts Library: BX4629 .C47 E45 2007X; also at Kelly Library, St. Michael’s College)

Evans, G.R.  Alan of Lille: The Frontiers of Theology in the Later Twelfth Century.  Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983. (Robarts Library: BX4705 .A435 E9 1983)

Fanger, Claire.  “The Formative Feminine and the Immobility of God: Gender and Cosmogony in Bernard Silvestris’ Cosmographia.”  The Tongue of the Fathers: Gender and Ideology in Twelfth-Century Latin.  Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1997.  80-101. (Robarts Library: PA8035 .T66 1998X)

Garber, Rebecca L.R.  Feminine Figurae: Representations of Gender in Religious Texts by Medieval German Women. London: Routledge, 2001. (Robarts Library: HQ 1147 .G3G37 2003X; also available digitally through the U of T catalogue)

Gongora, Maria Eugenia.  “Seeing and Knowing, Reading and Imaging in the Liber divinorum operum by Hildegard of Bingen,”  Speaking to the Eye: Sight and Insight Through Text and Image (1150-1650).  Turnhout: Brepols, 2013.  1.49-63. (Robarts Library: P93.5 .S64 2013)

Gregory, Tulio.  Anima mundi: La filosopfia di Guglielmo di Conches e la scuola di Chartres.  Florence: G.C. Sansoni, 1955. (St. Michael's College Library: B765 .G954 G7 1955)

Hudry, F.  “Prologus Alani De Planctu Naturae”  Archives d’histoire doctrinale et littéraire du moyen âge.  55 (1988): 169-185.

Hudry, F.  Alain de Lille: La plainte de la nature (De planctu naturae).  Paris: Les Belles Lettres, 2013.

Jolivet, Jean.  “Poesie et philosophie au XIIe siècle,”  Perspectives médiévales.  17 (1991): 51-70.

Kauntze, M. Authority and Imitation: A Study of the “Cosmographia” of Bernard Silvestris.  Leiden: Brill, 2014.

Kelly, D.  Conspiracy of Allusion: Description, Rewriting, and Authorship from Macrobius to Medieval Romance.  Leiden: Brill, 1999.

Klibansky, Raymond.  The Continuity of the Platonic Tradition during the Middle Ages.  Munich:  , 1981. (Robarts Library: B395 .K5 1981)

Jeauneau, Édouard.  Rethinking the School of Chartres.  Trans. Claude Paul Desmarais.  Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2009. (Robarts Library: B722 .F7 J4313 2009)

Lemoine, Michel and C. Picard-Perra.  Théologie et cosmologie au XIIe siècle. L’École de Chartres: Bernard de Chartres, Guillaume de Conches, Thierry de Chartres, Clarembaud d’Arras.  Paris: Les Belles Lettres, 2004. (Robarts Library: B721 .E26 2004)

Lemoine, Michel.  Cosmographe de Bernard Sylvestre.  Paris: CERF, 1998.

Lewis, C.S.  The Discarded Image: An Introduction to Medieval and Renaissance Literature.  Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1964. (Robarts Library: PN671 .L4)

Meier, Christel.  “Operationale Kosmologie: Bemerkungen zur Konzeption der Arbeit bei Hildegard von Bingen.”  Tiefe des Gotteswissens--Schönheit der Sprachgestalt bei Hildegard von Bingen.  Stuttgart--Bad Cannstatt: Frommann-Holzboog, 1995.  49-83.

Meier, Christel.  “Scientia divinorum operum zu Hildegard von Bingen visionär-kunstlerischer Rezeption Eriugenas.”  Eriugena Redivivus.  Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, 1987.  89-141.

Meier, Christel.  “Zwei Modelle von Allegorie im 12. Jahrhundert: Das allegorische Verfahren Hilegards von Bingen und Alans von Lille.”  Formen und Funktionen der Allegorie.  Stuttgart: Metzler, 1979.  70-89

Newman, Barbara.  God and the Goddesses: Vision, Poetry and Belief in the Middle Ages.  Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2003. (Robarts Library: PN688 .G65 N49 2003X)

Voice of the Living Light: Hildegard of Bingen and Her World.  Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998. (St. Michael's College Library: BX4700 .H5 V65 1998 ; also available in e-book format through the UTL system)

Sister of Wisdom: St. Hildegard’s Theology of the Feminine.  Berkeley: University of California Press, 1983. (Robarts Library: BX4700 .H5 N48 1987)

Otten, Willemien, “Plato and the Fabulous Cosmology of William of Conches.”  The Winged Chariot: Collected Essays on Plato and Platonism in Honour of L.M. De Rijk.  Eds. Maria Dardaun and Joke Spruyt.  Leiden: E.J. Brill, 2000.  185-2003. (Robarts Library: B395 .W72 2000)

Otten, Willemien.  “Nature and the Representation of Divine Creation in the Twelfth-Century,”  Communities of Learning, Netwards and the Shaping of Intellectual Identity in Europe, 1100-1500.  Turnhout: Brepols, 2011.  55-72.

“Opening the Universe: William of Conches and the Art of Science.”  From Paradise to Paradigm: A Study of Twelfth-Century Humanism.  Leiden: E.J. Brill, 2004.  83-128. (Robarts Library: CB354.6 .O88 2004)

Riggs, Cheryl A.  “Prophecy and Order: Mysticism and Medieval Cosmologies in the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries.”  The Devil, heresy and Witchcraft in the Middle Ages: Essays in Honor of Jeffrey B. Russell.  Leiden: Brill, 1998.  149-163.

Southern, Richard William.  Scholastic Humanism and the Unification of Europe  2 Volumes.  Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1995, 2001. (Victoria University, Pratt Library: B738 .H8 S68 1995 v.1-2)

Speer, Andreas.  Die entdeckte Natur.  Untersuchungen zu Begründungsversuchen einer ‘scientia naturalis’ im 12. Jahrhundert.  Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1995. (Gerstein Library: Q125.2 .S64 1995)

Stock, Brian.  Myth and Science in the Twelfth Century: A Study of Bernard Silvestre.  Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1972. (Robarts Library: B765 .B554 S86)

Wetherbee, Winthrop.  Platonism and Poetry in the Twelfth Century.  Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1972. (Robarts Library: PA8051 .W45)

Wetherbee, Winthrop.  “Alan of Lille, De planctu naturae: The Fall of Nature and the Survival of Poetry.”  Journal of Medieval Latin.  21 (2011): 233-252.

Learning Outcomes

  1. Participants will study principal sources of what Barbara Newman has called “imaginative theology” in order to be able to give a twenty minute introductory lecture  on the notion of “imaginative theology”.
  2. Participants will study importation of “imaginative theology” into visionary accounts, on the one hand, and into “scholastic theology”, on the other, in order to be able to write an essay of 4000-7000 words on some part of the story.
  3. Participants will use the interrelationship of the notions “matter”, “body”, and “gender” to examine cosmologically grounded accounts of the human condition in order to be able to run a two hour classroom discussion of cosmological philosophy or creation theology from another period or author.

Matter, Body, and Gender in the Thought of Hildegard of Bingen, Bernardus Sylvestris, Alan of Lille and Thomas Aquinas (Syllabus)

  1. Lecture:  Мυθος and Фιλοσοφια in Plato and the Platonic Tradition as Background to the Themes and Texts of this Seminar

  1. Seminar: Fabula and Integumenta in Twelfth-Century Philosophy

Texts (The English text is required; the French highly recommended):

  1. “Fabula: Critical Theories” in Peter Dronke, Fabula: Explorations into the Uses of Myth in Medieval Platonism (Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1974) 13-67.
  2. “L’usage de la notion d’integumentum à travers les gloses de Guillaume de Conches” in Édouard Jeauneau, “Lectio Philosophorum” Recherches sur l’École de Chartres (Amsterdam: Hakkert, 1973) 127-192.

  1. Bernardus Sylvestris, Cosmographia, bk 1 (Megacosmos)

Text:

  1. Winthrop Wetherbee, ed., The Cosmographia of Bernardus Sylvestris (New York: Columbia University Press, 1990)  65-90.
  2. Bernardus Sylvestris, Cosmographia ed. Peter Dronke (Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1978) 1.1-4 = 95-120.

  1. Bernardus Sylvestris, Cosmographia, bk 2 (Microcosmos)

Text:

  1. Winthrop Wetherbee, ed., The Cosmographia of Bernardus Sylvestris (New York: Columbia University Press, 1990) 91-127.
  2. Bernardus Sylvestris, Cosmographia, ed. Peter Dronke (Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1978) 2.1-14 = 121-155.

  1. Alan of Lille, De planctu naturae, I-III

Text:

  1. Alan of Lille, Plaint of Nature, trans. James J. Sheridan (Toronto: PIMS Publications), 1980, I-III = 67-127.
  2. Alan of Lille, De planctu naturae, ed. Nikolaus M. Häring in Studi Medievali 3rd Series 19 (1978): 797-879; I-III = 806-831.

  1. Alan of Lille, De planctu naturae, IV-VI

Text:

  1. Alan of Lille, Plaint of Nature, trans. James J. Sheridan (Toronto: PIMS Publications, 1980), IV-VI = 128-180.
  2. Alan of Lille, De planctu naturae, ed. Nikolaus M. Häring in Studi Medievali 3rd Series 19 (1978): 797-879; IV-VI = 831-857.

  1. Alan of Lille, De planctu nature, VII-IX

Text:

  1. Alan of Lille, Plaint of Nature, trans. James J. Sheridan (Toronto: PIMS Publications, 1980), VII-IX = 181-221.
  2. Alan of Lille, De planctu naturae, ed. Nikolaus M. Häring in Studi Medievali 3rd Series 19 (1978): 797-879; VII-IX = 857-879.

  1. Hildegard of Bingen, Liber divinorum operum, Visions 1-2.

Text:

  1. Matthew Fox, ed., Hildegard of Bingen’s Book of Divine Works with Letters and Songs (Santa Fe, N.M.: Bear and Co., 1987) 5-55 (abridgement).
  2. Albert Derolez and Peter Dronke, ed., Hildegardis Bingensis Liber divinorum operum, Corpus Christianorum, Continuatio Mediaevalis 92 (Turnhout: Brepols, 1996) Visions 1-2 = 45-113 (unabridged).

  1. Hildegard of Bingen, Liber divinorum operum, Visions 3-4.

Text:

  1. Matthew Fox, ed., Hildegard of Bingen’s Book of Divine Works with Letters and Songs (Santa Fe, N.M.: Bear and Co., 1987) 56-148 (abridgement).
  2. Albert Derolez and Peter Dronke, ed., Hildegardis Bingensis Liber divinorum operum, Corpus Christianorum, Continuatio Mediaevalis 92 (Turnhout: Brepols, 1996) Visions 3-4 = 114-264 (unabridged)

  1. Hildegard of Bingen, Liber divinorum operum, Visions 5-8.

Text:

  1. Matthew Fox, ed., Hildegard of Bingen’s Book of Divine Works with Letters and Songs (Santa Fe, N.M.: Bear and Co., 1987) 152-209 (abridgement).
  2. Albert Derolez and Peter Dronke, ed., Hildegardis Bingensis Liber divinorum operum, Corpus Christianorum, Continuatio Mediaevalis 92 (Turnhout: Brepols, 1996) Visions 5-8 = 265-385 (unabridged)

  1. Hildegard of Bingen, Liber divinorum operum, Visions 9-10.

Text:

  1. Matthew Fox, ed., Hildegard of Bingen’s Book of Divine Works with Letters and Songs (Santa Fe, N.M.: Bear and Co., 1987) 210-266 (abridgement).
  2. Albert Derolez and Peter Dronke, ed., Hildegardis Bingensis Liber divinorum operum, Corpus Christianorum, Continuatio Mediaevalis 92 (Turnhout: Brepols, 1996) Visions 9-10 = 385-405 (unabridged)

        Closing Contrast: the Aristotelianizing Treatment of Thomas Aquinas

  1. Thomas Aquinas, Compendium of Theology, 68-103.

  1. Thomas Aquinas, Summa Contra Gentiles, 4.79-88.