Proposed Changes to the 2019 Florida

Libertarian Party Platform

To Be Discussed and Voted on at the Party’s Convention in Orlando on February 21-23, 2020

Platform Committee Members:

Ricardo Mejias, Chair

Rob Casterline, Secretary

Kevin O'Neil        

John Thompson        

J Mark Barfield (ex-officio)        

2019 Platform Text Added Text Removed

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Numbering Convention

The plank numbers are those of the 2019 Platform, except for new planks or

merged planks.

When two or more planks are merged, the merged one acquires the lowest

number of the original planks.

If there are more than one set of new or merged planks in the same roman numeral

section, the ones after the fist of them are re-numbered consecutively starting with

one number higher than the first.

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The 2019 Platform is in an appendix at the bottom of this document.

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STATEMENT OF PRINCIPLE

We, the Libertarian Party of Florida, oppose the initiation of force to achieve political or social goals.

Libertarian Party of Florida Preamble

We, the Libertarian Party of Florida, stand for a free & prosperous Florida based on the principles of personal responsibility, individual liberty, and economic prosperity. We unite to engage against the transcendental potency of the State in order to defend & promote liberty, the prerequisite of which man may best participate in his own development. We oppose the initiation of force to reach social and political goals. Instead we adopt the non-aggression principle; an idea that has been present in cultures and traditions for millennia.

Libertarians seek a society built on the pillars of individual liberty, equality under the law, and defensive use of force – a society in which all individuals are sovereign over their own lives. This most desirable method of organizing society is the natural order that arises when the inalienable rights of individuals to life, liberty and property ownership are respected and protected.

Individuals must be free to honestly & peacefully pursue their own interests and pleasures so long as it does not involve coercion, fraud, or violate the equal rights of others. Libertarians welcome the peace, prosperity, and diversity that freedom brings.

I. STATE GOVERNMENT

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I-1. Federal Troops In Florida

In the absence of a declaration of war by the United States Congress, we oppose the use of Federal troops on Florida State soil. In addition, we do not support sending Florida National Guard troops overseas for foreign conflicts or missions.

I move to change plank I-1 of the 2019 LPF Platform to:

In the absence of a declaration of war by the United States Congress, we oppose the deployment of federal troops on Florida soil, except for a deployment to defend Florida in the case of a foreign attack.  We do not support sending Florida National Guard troops overseas for foreign conflicts or missions. We favor a return to the pre-2007 requirement for the governor to approve before the President can activate a State National Guard.

We also oppose sending State National Guard or Coast Guard personnel to foreign wars, conflicts or missions. We support the separation of federal military units from law enforcement and disaster relief.

Reasons For Change

This clarifies the conditions under which we would accept a military deployment in Florida and adds our preference for having the governor approve the activation of the National Guard.

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

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I-2. The Right to Bear Arms

We support the unfettered ability to possess, carry, and modify firearms and accessories for purposes including but not limited to self-defense and to secure the rights of the free individual. We support open carry and constitutional carry initiatives in Florida. We oppose all restrictions on firearms, ammunition and accessories, unless mandated by private property owners on their premises.

No Change

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

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I-3. Undelegated Powers Belong to the States or the People

We endorse the Tenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, which reserves to our State and its People all powers not expressly delegated to the federal government by the U.S. Constitution, or prohibited from the States or the People by the U.S. Constitution.

I move to amend plank I-3 of the 2019 LPF Platform to:

We support the Tenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, which reserves to the states and their people all powers not expressly delegated to the United States, nor prohibited to the states elsewhere in the Constitution. We oppose the expansive interpretation of the interstate commerce clause which practically nullifies the 10th amendment. We urge the Supreme Court to overrule Wickard v. Filburn, the decision that was critical in expanding federal regulatory powers.

Reasons For Change

The addition makes clearer how the 10th amendment has been ignored and what needs to be done to correct that

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

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I-4. Equal Protection of the Law

We support equality under the law and condemn any law that either rewards or punishes any individual based on race, ethnicity, religion, gender, gender identity, sexual orientation, or any other group identification. Each person has the same inalienable rights. It is the State’s duty to protect those rights for everyone equally.

No Change

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

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I-5. Private Property and Markets

We recognize the right to private property and self-ownership as basic human rights. Private property is all property owned by non-government entities. One of Government's functions is to protect the private property rights of its citizens We recognize that citizens may voluntarily transfer ownership of their private property, free of government’s control, intervention, or taxation.

I move to amend plank I-5 of the 2019 LPF Platform to:

Private property is all property owned by non-government entities. We recognize the rights to private property and self-ownership as a basic human rights. Therefore, one of the functions of government is to protect the private property rights of all persons under its jurisdiction. This includes private entities having the right to voluntarily transfer ownership of their private property, free of government price or quantity controls, intervention or taxation.

Reasons For Change

These changes rearrange sentences to place definitions first and uses sentence connectors.  It also replaces“citizens” with “all persons” or “private entities” because we agree with this part of the XIV amendment to the US Constitution: “nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty or property without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the law”.

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

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I-7. Sunset Amendment

We advocate a sunset amendment to the constitution requiring an automatic end to most government offices, agencies, departments, laws, regulations, taxes, and expenditures if not reauthorized.

I move to amend plank I-7 of the 2019 LPF Platform to:

We advocate a sunset amendment to the Florida constitution requiring: (a) a repeal of most existing laws about regulations, agencies, departments, taxes and expenditures, staggered over the next ten years, and (b) an expiration of all new or renewed laws at five years. A law can be reauthorized by the legislature, but if reauthorized, a referendum is held to confirm or overrule the reauthorization.

No new laws with materially the same provisions as the ones repealed or expiring and not reauthorized can be passed by the legislature within the next three years.

Reasons For Change

 

To make this plank more specific and therefore more of a call to action.

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

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I-8. State Government Accountability

We oppose immunities for any public officials or government employees for illegal acts or omissions. We do support protections for government whistleblowers who alert the public of such illegal or condemning actions.

III-10. State Agents Should Be Liable for Damages

Individuals, as well as agents of the State, are no more above the law than the other, and as such are both liable for inflicting damage on victims. They must be held personally responsible for restitution. The State should not shield or defer punishment of State agents, nor limit full restitution, to the taxpayer or individual victims.

I move to amend planks I-8 and III-10 of the 2019 LPF Platform to:

I-8. State Government Accountability

Individuals and State agents should not be above the law. We support expanding Chapter 768.25 of Florida Statutes to end all immunities from suits for compensation of damages against any Florida government agency or its public officials or employees when they commit any illegal act, and removing the caps of payments for damages. And we support having guilty officials pay for restitution. We also support the Florida’s Whistle Blowers and False Claims Acts and awards for whistleblowers.

Reasons For Change

 

To (a) combine two planks that are two aspects of the same subject of government accountability and (b) relate what we advocate to existing law.

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

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I-9. Government Transparency

We support transparency and believe it applies to all public employees. Sunshine laws should apply to all public employees working in any public place. All meetings and minutes must be readily available to the public and recording devices welcomed. There should be no laws prohibiting or limiting electronic recording and reporting of any public official, including law enforcement, while performing their duties.

I move to amend plank I-9 of the 2019 LPF Platform to:

We support transparency and believe that Sunshine laws should apply to all public employees wherever and however they meet. All meetings and minutes must be readily available to the public and recording devices should be welcomed. There should be no laws prohibiting or limiting electronic recording devices and reporting of any public official, including law enforcement, while performing their duties.

Reasons For Change

To (a) cover more situations where the Sunshine laws should apply, (b) make its use more accessible and (c) create effective enforcement methods.

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

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I-10. Government IDs and Data Bases

We oppose the participation by the State of Florida in the Real ID Act or similar Federal identification database mandates. We also oppose the participation of the State of Florida in Federal programs designed to mine or share data on citizens who have committed no Federal crime.

I move to amend plank I-10 of the 2019 LPF Platform to:

We oppose the participation by the State of Florida in (a) the Real ID Act or similar federal identification or database mandates and (b) Federal or state programs designed to mine or share data on persons who have committed no crime.

Reasons For Change

To simplify the text and include our opposition to state data mining programs.

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

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I-11. The Right to Privacy

We believe in the right of privacy to all lawful citizens and condemn and oppose any attempts to subvert this right. We hold dear the 4th Amendment of the U.S. Constitution and Section 23 of the Constitution of Florida, which both lawfully guarantee the government’s absence from intruding on the personal life of the individual. We oppose all measures to collect, mine, share, and distribute data on citizens without a warrant by State or Federal courts.

I move to amend plank I-11 of the 2019 LPF Platform to:

We believe in the right of privacy for all lawful persons and condemn any attempts to subvert it. We hold dear the 4th amendment of the U.S. Constitution and Section 23 of the Florida Constitution, both of which forbid the government from intruding on the personal life of individuals.

Therefore, we oppose all government searches, seizures and measures to collect, mine, share or distribute data on persons, without a warrant from a State or Federal courts, or not based on probable cause of a crime being committed.

Reasons For Change

To add linking words between sentences, a more complete list of of is contained in the 4th amendment and to changes citizens to persons, which is what this amendment refers to.

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

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I-12. Government and Monopolies

The State has no business protecting and maintaining monopolies, which create an unfair playing field and go outside of the bounds of government. We support a complete privatization of all public utilities including energy, water, cable, roads & highways, and other such quasi-public and state-owned utilities. We believe these services are best left to the free market, where service quality is highest, and prices are lowest, we endorse the public/private partnership model of government.

VII-2. Government and Monopolies

No commercial enterprises should be granted legal monopoly status, including the so-called natural monopolies of electricity, natural gas, water supplies, telephones, and cable television. The Florida Public Service Commission must be abolished and all rate regulation in these industries ended. The right to offer such services in the marketplace must not be curtailed.

I move to delete plank VII-2 and amend plank I-12 of the 2019 LPF Platform to:

I-12. Government and Monopolies

The State has no business protecting, maintaining or regulating legal private monopolies or owning public monopolies or any other business.  These actions create an unfair playing field and go outside of the bounds of government responsibilities. This includes having “natural monopolies” such as electricity, natural gas and water.

We believe these services should all operate in a free and competitive market, where service quality is highest, and prices are lowest.

 

The Florida Public Service Commission must be abolished and all regulations in the industries it covers must end. The right to offer services that are now monopolies must not be curtailed.  

Reasons For Change

I-12 and VII-2 overlap, so they should be merged.

Their 2019 version inappropriately equates “public utilities” with monopolies and conflates government ownership with monopolies. We are opposed to (a) government ownership of any business, monopoly or not, public utility or not, and (b) to the legal creation of private monopolies.  And we believe that “natural monopolies’ can now be converted to operate in a competitive market.  We also oppose public-private business partnerships.

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

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I-13. Participation In Federal Grants

We oppose the State of Florida from accepting any money or participating in cooperation with the Federal government in instances of programs which violate the life, liberty or property of individuals. Such programs include the War on Drugs Byrne grants, which incentivizes minority drug arrests for special department funding while having no impact on public safety.

I move to amend plank I-13 of the 2019 LPF Platform to:

We believe that federal spending on grants to states and local governments should end and federal taxes reduced by the same amount. If states see a need for what some grants provide they can replace the federal taxes with state taxes. In particular, we oppose federal programs which violate the life, liberty or property of individuals by incentivizing drug arrest, which have no effect on public safety, with funding for police departments.

Reasons For Change

To broaden the subject to all federal grants, but retaining the emphasis on those that incentivize the violation of civil liberties.  The reference to Byrne grants was removed because the law that created it has been modified to drop those incentives.  

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

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I-14 Marriage and Divorce

        
Marriage is a private agreement between individuals, regardless of sex, sexual preference, or gender. As such, the government must not be involved in the ceremony, documentation, or limitation of marriages and must be completely removed from the process entirely.
 

I move to amend plank I-14 of the 2019 LPF Platform to:

Marriage should be a private agreement between individuals, regardless of sex, sexual preference or gender and the state must not be involved in the ceremony, documentation, limitation or licensing of marriages. All the terms of the marriage should be specified in a marriage contract that supersedes any law. The contract should be the evidence of the marriage.

If a contract does not cover some parts of the distribution of properties, alimony or child custody and support in a divorce, the divorce laws apply. Disagreements over the interpretation of the contract would be first submitted to a mediator, and if not resolved there, to a family court.

Reasons For Change

What makes marriage distinct is that it is a long term commitment, usually with the intention of providing a stable family of two parents for the children. In our modern urban and mobile society (unlike earlier times when people lived in small tribes or villages where everyone knew everyone else), recognition of the marriage commitments by society needs to be in writing, such as in a  contract, and contracts are enforced by civil law courts.

This is why the bolded part of this quoted sentence: “the government must . . . be completely removed from the process entirely” was removed from the original text of the Platform This is consistent with Libertarian principles because we accept the judicial interpretation and enforcement of civil contracts as a necessary function of government.

Situations not covered in the contract would have to be covered by the law, as interpreted by the courts. Otherwise, some divorce conflicts such as over the distribution of common property or time spent by each child with each parent, cannot be resolved when not covered by the contract.

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

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   I-15. Mobilization of the Population

There shall be no restrictions to the mobilization of the population, which includes the whole of the people, from obtaining weapons, training, or supplies, in order to safekeep its ability to defend    the territory of Florida in order to secure a free and prosperous future for Floridians.

I move to amend plank I-15 of the 2019 LPF Platform to:

There shall be no restrictions to the organization and mobilization of the population. This includes unrestricted ability by the whole of the people to obtain weapons, training, or supplies to defend the territory of Florida in order to secure a free and prosperous future for Floridians.

Reasons For Change

“Organization” was added because there cannot be mobilization without organization.

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

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I-16. Immigration Law Enforcement By State and Local Governments

We oppose all policies or programs that enlist state and local government employees to enforce federal immigration laws or that require local and state authorities to comply with federal immigration law enforcement.

No Change

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

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II. ELECTIONS

II-1. State Regulation of Political Parties

The only electoral duty of the State government should be providing for fair and efficient conduct of elections. Political parties, like any private voluntary group, should be free from government control and allowed to establish their own rules for nomination procedures and conventions. All taxpayer-funded subsidies to candidates for public office and political parties, including primaries and conventions, must be eliminated.

I move to amend plank II-1 of the 2019 LPF Platform to:

The only electoral duty of the State government should be providing for fair and efficient conduct of elections. Political parties, like any private voluntary group, should be free from government control and allowed to establish their own rules for nomination procedures and conventions.

Reasons For Change

The last sentence of this 2019 plank overlaps with II-3. Campaign Finance Laws, where it gets a more complete coverage.

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

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II-2. Election Ballot Choices

We support the addition of the alternative “None of the above is acceptable” to all ballots. We further propose that in the event that “None of the above is acceptable” receives a plurality of votes in any election, a new election shall be held for which none of the losing candidates shall be eligible. Other forms of voting should also be considered, such as instant runoff voting or proportional representation.

II-7. Top Two Primaries

We are opposed to “Top Two” style primaries which seek to eliminate minority parties from being represented in the general election.

II-8. Election Ballot Choices

We support adopting innovative new methods for voting which will increase efficiency, voter turnout, and save taxpayer money.

I move to amend plank II-2, II-7 and II-8 of the 2019 LPF Platform to:

II-2. Election Ballot Choices

We support innovative voting methods that increase efficiency and voter turnout, and save taxpayer money, such as a “none of the above” choice (with a new election without the losing candidates if it wins) and rank choice voting; and we should consider proportional representation. We oppose “Top Two” primaries since these keep minority parties from being represented in the general election. 

Reasons For Change

To consolidate three closely related planks.  The explanations of how each ballot choice method works and their advantages and disadvantages is in the Explanatory Document.

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

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II-3. Campaign Finance Laws

Campaign finance laws are unwarranted restrictions of free speech or association and should be repealed. Keeping in accordance with the tradition of all government being run in the Sunshine, we support making all political contributions public records.

II-6. Campaign Finance Laws

We support abolishing campaign finance laws, including donation caps, which are an infringement on the freedom of speech and association. We also support the acceptance of alternative monetary donations such as crypto-currencies as valid campaign contributions.

I move to delete planks II-6 and amend II-3 of the 2019 LPF Platform to:

II-3. Campaign Finance Laws

We advocate the repeal of laws that have caps on contributions to candidates or parties, and the acceptance of alternative monetary donations such as crypto-currencies as valid campaign contributions.

Campaign finance laws should be repealed because they are unwarranted restrictions of free speech or association. We recognize that disclosure of campaign contributions in public databases is valuable information to make good voter decisions, but it conflicts with our desire to protect personal privacy.

Reasons For Change

To consolidate two overlapping and closely related planks, make the plank more specific, and point to a common conflict between two libertarian positions:  government transparency and personal privacy.

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

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II-4 Ballot Access

We support open ballot access for all parties and individuals who wish to hold public office. There must be no barriers to entry for prospective political parties and candidates, including unattainable signature requirements, exorbitant fees, or other measures which limit ballot access to a political duopoly.

I move to amend plank II-4 of the 2019 LPF Platform to:

We support open ballot access for all parties and individuals who wish to hold public office. There must be no barriers to entry for prospective political parties and candidates, including unattainable signature requirements, exorbitant fees, or other measures which limit ballot access to a political duarchy. In addition, Section 99.103 of Florida laws, which refunds 95% of the 3% candidate filing fees only to parties with a voter registration at or above 5% of the total, should be repealed. 

Reasons For Change

To add a sentence that opposes a law that discriminates against small parties.

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

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II-5. Fiscal Responsibility for Political Parties

It is not the taxpayer’s responsibility to pay for and facilitate the costs of conducting primary elections for political parties. Political parties should fund and conduct their own internal primary elections according to their own rules and conduct.

I move to change plank II-5 of the 2019 LPF Platform to:

We advocate an amendment to campaign financing laws requiring parties and candidates to pay their own way to their public offices independent of taxpayer money. Although legislation has been passed ending the public funding of major party political conventions and no presidential candidate has accepted public funds since 2008, these measures are not enough and this option must be removed.

Reasons For Change

To make the plank more related to current conditions and more specific about the change that is needed.

 

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

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III. Courts

III-1. Nullification Power of Jurors

We support the right of defendants to a fully informed jury, which would require judges to instruct jurors of their authority to judge not only the facts, but also the justice of the law according to their own good consciences. If a jury of peers deems a law unjust, oppressive or inappropriately applied, it has the right and duty to acquit the defendant.

No Change

 

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

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III-2. Victims’ Rights

We support restitution for victims of crimes or civil infractions at the expense of the perpetrator. The victim must have the right to pardon the perpetrator, provided the victim is not threatened or coerced.

I move to amend plank III-2 of the 2019 LPF Platform to:

We support restitution for victims of crimes or civil infractions at the expense of the perpetrator. The victim must also have the right to require the prosecutor to drop charges before a trial or pardon the perpetrator after a conviction (without necessarily foregoing the restitution),  provided the victim is not threatened or coerced.

Reasons For Change

To give the victim more flexibility of choices.

 

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

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III-3. Private Adjudications of Disputes

Private adjudication of disputes by mutually acceptable judges or mediators should be encouraged, prior to utilizing the public court system.

I move to amend plank III-3 of the 2019 LPF Platform to:

Private adjudication of disputes by mutually acceptable arbitrators or mediators should be encouraged, prior to utilizing the public court system, while retaining the right to appeal to a court.  We also believe that the current laws on private adjudication contain an unnecessary amount of overregulation that should be removed.

Reasons For Change

See the Platform Explanatory Document for more detail on what was added.

 

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

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III-4 No-Fault Laws

No-fault laws must be repealed because they deprive the victim of the right to recover damages from those responsible for causing harm.

I move to amend plank III-4 of the 2019 LPF Platform to:

No-fault divorce laws are preferable to divorce laws that require assignment of fault, since a divorce is a family and civil case, not a criminal case. For mandatory personal injury insurance we oppose no-fault laws, damages must be paid to the victim by the insurance company of the driver at fault.

Reasons For Change

To distinguish between no-fault divorce laws and no-fault personal injury responsibility laws.

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

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III-5 The Right to Trial By Jury

The right of trial by jury must be allowed in all civil or criminal cases where the value exceeds one ounce of gold.

I move to amend plank III-5 of the 2019 LPF Platform to:

The right of trial by jury must be allowed in all criminal cases and in civil cases where the value in dispute exceeds the value of one ounce of gold. We support the right of jurors to (a) take notes during the trial, (b) submit written questions to witnesses and the judge and (c) be provided with the judge’s instructions in writing and (d) be able to discuss evidence among themselves at any time.

Reasons For Change

To to separate statements about criminal and civil cases, since  usually only the latter are awarded valuables. To specify our support for additional rights jurors, some of which they already have. In Florida the accused, even in criminal misdemeanors, can get a trial by Jury. The original text of this plank would limit that right to those misdemeanors where some unidentified “value” would exceed the value of an ounce of gold.

In addition there are other rights of jurors that should be mentioned.

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

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III-6 Civil Asset Forfeitures

The use of civil asset forfeiture to enforce laws circumvents constitutional protections and must be ended. Police roadblocks, Rights-Free-Zones, and searches without probable cause should be abolished.

I move to amend plank III-6 of the 2019 LPF Platform to:

The use of civil asset forfeiture to enforce laws circumvents constitutional protections. Seizures of property obtained from criminal actions should only occur after the perpetrator has been found guilty and only for the amount of any fine specified by law that the guilty cannot otherwise pay. However the property may need to be secured until the end of the trial, except for access to funds to pay for legal counsel and living expenses. The proceeds of the fine should go to the victims of the crime, or if they cannot be identified, to private organizations that help crime victims.

Reasons For Change

To specify that property seizures should not be ended, since they could sometimes be used to pay a fine, but they have to be restricted to those convicted and, only the amount needed to pay an unpaid fine or damages should be used.  The deleted last sentence of the original plank was used as the beginning of new proposed plank IV-11 to place it in a more appropriate section and emphasize its importance.

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

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III-7. Gender Equality in Parental Rights

We support equal treatment and oppose sexual discrimination in any judicial proceeding adjudicating a parental right, privilege or obligation concerning his or her child.

No Change

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

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III-8. Attorney Licensing

The Florida Bar, as well as any other licensing monopoly, must be dissociated from the State of Florida as the official body to license practicing attorneys and opened to competition.

I move to amend plank III-8 of the 2019 LPF Platform to:

The practice of law in Florida (like the practice of any other job, business or profession) should not require a state licence from Florida Board of Bar Examiners (most of whose members have to be lawyers). The Bar Association must cease to be the official Florida organization to which all attorneys must belong. The legal profession must be opened to competition; its clients and purely private organizations should be the judges of the quality of attorney services.

Reasons For Change

To correct that the Florida bar is the licenser of attorneys. The Florida Board of Bar Examiners is the licenser, but most of its members have to be lawyer.  (See Platform Explanatory Document for more details on this)  Also to mention what the alternative to government licencing could be.

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

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IV. PUBLIC SAFETY

IV-1. Law Enforcement 

Law enforcement cannot guarantee individual safety. Self-protection is a personal responsibility. All individuals have the right to defend themselves and to possess the means to do so, as guaranteed by both the federal and state Constitutions.

I move to amend plank IV-1 of the 2019 LPF Platform to:

Law enforcement cannot guarantee individual safety. Self protection is a personal responsibility. All individuals have the right to defend themselves and to possess the means to do so, as guaranteed by both the federal and state Constitutions.

We advocate that law enforcement is not the first line of defense for individual safety, but a second line of defense intended to render assistance to those requiring it. We advocate that all legislative action available to strengthen the protections of an individual’s self evident and sovereign right to self preservation be taken and that no legislative action that weakens the individual’s ability to self perform a defensive action be allowed.

We advocate that an over emphasis on policing leads to a separation of the law enforcement officers from the average individual.  We advocate that law enforcement is not above the citizenry, but part of the citizenry.  Law enforcement officers are part of our communities and not separate from them.  Decreasing the self reliance of the citizenry to police themselves, leads to increased segregation of Law Enforcement Professionals from the people they are paid to protect.  This is why we prefer the term “peace officer” to “law enforcement officer” as law enforcement implies blind adherence to the law even if the law violates the rights of the citizenry.

We advocate for the removal of sovereign immunity from law enforcement officers to allow for civil and criminal penalties to be applied to officers who bear false witness, or sign fraudulent warrants.

Reasons For Change

To  amend on the of the 2019 version what it implies regarding the rights and responsibilities that we advocate for the public and law enforcement personnel.  

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

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IV-2. Prisons

State prison facilities must be used only for the incarceration of individuals who have violated the rights of other people, including their life, liberty, or property.

I move to amend plank IV-2 of the 2019 LPF Platform to:

State prison facilities must be used only for the incarceration of individuals who have violated the rights of other people, including their life, liberty, or property.

Non-violent criminals should not be housed at the expense of the public. Instead non-violent criminals should be kept on parole, closely monitored, limited in their interaction with sensitive populations, and required to pay restitution to those whom they have wronged.

Imprisonment of citizens should be avoided or undertaken with the strictest of scrutiny, as the incentives of prison operators and the mechanisms by which they are compensated are ripe for abuse.  This is especially true of private prisons which have historically been shown to be riddled with corruption. However, if private prisons were incentivized based on performance, such as achieving low recidivism rates and prisoner evaluation, they may be better than government run prisons.

Reasons For Change

To  expand on the of the 2019 version what it implies regarding the selection of people to be in prison and how prisoners should be treated.

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

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        IV-3. K-9 Units

We support the end of the use of K9 units by law enforcement for the purposes of circumventing the right to privacy and as an excuse to perform unwarranted searches.

I move to change plank IV-2 of the 2019 LPF Platform to:

We support the end of the use of K9 units by law enforcement for the purpose of circumventing the right to privacy and to perform unwarranted searches.

Reasons For Change

To drop the “s” in “purposes”, since what follows is in singular and to drop “as an excuse to” as unnecessary.

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

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IV-4. Red-Light Cameras

We oppose the use of red-light cameras as a photo enforcement tool as well as any third party non law enforcement agency issuing fines of any kind.

No Change

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

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IV-5. Involuntary Institutionalization

We are opposed to involuntary institutionalization, unless for emergency medical purposes or in situations where an individual’s autonomy and self-control is lost temporarily and they present an imminent hazard to themselves or others.

No Change

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

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IV-6. Militarization

Law enforcement must not accept weapons, equipment, nor training from the Federal military.

No Change

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

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IV-7. Private Security

As individuals with rights to govern ourselves and our property, we support the ability to extend those rights to private security firms for the purposes of defending our life, liberty, and property.

No Change

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

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IV-8. Sheriff’s Jurisdiction

The power of arrest must be reserved to only the Sheriff and police granted to operate under the Sheriff. All other agencies must not have the power to arrest in a Sheriff's jurisdiction.

No Change

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

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IV-9. Quotas

We oppose law enforcement “quotas” of any kind as a requirement or incentive in any law enforcement agency or activities.

No Change

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

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IV-10. Federal Drug War

We oppose the acceptance of Federal funding and grants for drug related offenses of any kind.

No Change

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

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IV-11. Probable Cause - New Plank

I move to add plank IV-11 to the 2020 LPF Platform, which states:

Police roadblocks, Rights-Free-Zones, and searches without probable cause should be abolished. This includes US Customs and Border Protection’s 100-Mile Border Zone which covers the state of Florida in its entirety.

Reasons For Change

This plank was originally part of III-6 regarding civil asset forfeitures. As this issue seems separate from civil asset forfeitures and Courts more generally, we voted to move this section of the plank to IV, which covers Public Safety. The text originally read only the first sentence. Given high coverage in the press regarding the Federal government’s 100-Mile Border Zone, I added the second clause as it highlights a very Florida-specific and critical Probable Cause issue.

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

 ______________________________________________________________________________

V. VICE LAWS

III-9. Crimes Need to Have Victims

Criminal sentencing should be reserved for crimes which have a discernible victim. The punishment should be appropriate to the crime.

V-1. State Victimless Crimes

We oppose all laws and regulations that attempt to protect individuals from the consequences of their own behavior. While not necessarily condoning such activities, we advocate the repeal of all laws criminalizing gambling, possession and sale of drugs, and sexual relations between consenting adults. All those presently incarcerated or ever convicted solely for the commission of these victimless crimes must be pardoned and their records expunged.

I move to delete plank III-9 and amend plank V-1 of the 2019 LPF Platform to:

V-1. State Victimless Crimes

Criminal sentencing should be reserved for crimes which have a discernible victim. The punishment should be appropriate to the crime.

We oppose all laws and regulations that attempt to protect individuals from the consequences of their own behavior. While not necessarily condoning such activities, we advocate the repeal of all laws criminalizing gambling, possession and sale of drugs, and sexual relations between consenting adults. All those presently incarcerated or ever convicted solely for the commission of these victimless crimes must be pardoned and their records expunged.

Reasons For Change

To merge two planks on the same subject.  The first one is more general (as the first sentence of a plank should be), while the second one is more specific and contains examples (as the rest of the plank should be).

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

     _____________________________________________________________________________

V-2. Prohibitions by Private Organizations

Voluntary communities and businesses may enforce rules that prohibit certain activities to which all members subscribe, such as substance-free dorms.

I move to amend plank V-2 of the 2019 LPF Platform to:

Private voluntary organizations, such as communities, clubs, unions, private universities or businesses may enforce rules that prohibit certain activities, such as gambling, prostitution, drug-free or smoke-free dorms.

Reasons For Change

To make its meaning clearer by using more examples.

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

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VI. Paying for Government

VI-1. Paying for Government

Government must use voluntary means of supporting state services, such as donations, lotteries, and user fees. We believe in voluntary means of raising revenue as taxation is backed by force or the threat of force to guarantee compliance.         

VI-2. Taxation of Real Property

Taxation of privately-owned real property must be eliminated. In effect, it makes the state the owner of all lands by forcing individuals to pay rent to the state or forfeit their title.

VI-3. Taxation of Tangible Property

The tangible personal property tax on Florida businesses must be repealed.

VI-4 End Tax Favoritism

Tax favoritism should be illegal. Abatements, subsidies, credits, or other incentives to businesses based on geographical area, job creation, or any other criteria deny equal protection under the law.

VI-5. Taxation of Used Items

Sales tax on used merchandise that is resold results in double taxation and must be eliminated.

VI-6. Double Taxation

Adding sales tax to products already subject to specific state taxes, such as gasoline and cigarettes, must be ended. This practice results in double taxation, as consumers are paying a tax on a tax.

VI-7. Internet Taxation

We oppose any sales or use tax on the Internet

I move to delete planks VI-2, VI-3, VI-5, VI-6, and VI-7, and amend plank VI-1 of the 2019 LPF Platform to:

        

VI-1. Paying for Government

Government must use voluntary means of supporting state services such as donations and user fees. We believe in voluntary means of raising revenue, not taxation, which is backed by force or the threat of force to guarantee compliance.

 

Reasons For Change

A government monopoly lottery (which is what Florida has now) is inconsistent with our plank I-12, Government and Monopolies, because they require the first use of force to prevent private businesses from offering lottery services. And if the government had to compete with the more efficient private lotteries, it would probably incur losses or very small profits.

Planks VI-2, VI-3, VI-5, VI-6, and VI-7 were removed as listing specific taxes is unnecessary and a distraction from opposing all taxation.  

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, How it Is Achieved, and Political and Policy Path to Implementation.

________________________________________________________________________________

VI-11. No New Taxes

The State of Florida has levied enough taxes on its citizens and trade partners, as such, no new taxes ought to be levied for new government projects. New projects must be funded from existing revenues by reducing inefficiencies or cutting current spending.

I move to renumber plank VI-11 to VI-2, but make No Change to the language:

 VI-2. No New Taxes

The State of Florida has levied enough taxes on its citizens and trade partners, as such, no new taxes ought to be levied for new government projects. New projects must be funded from existing revenues by reducing inefficiencies or cutting current spending.

No Change

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

________________________________________________________________________________

VI-4. End Taxing Favoritism

Tax favoritism should be illegal. Abatements, subsidies, credits, or other incentives to businesses based on geographical area, job creation, or any other criteria deny equal protection under the law.

I move to renumber the 2019 Platform VI-4 to VI-3 and to amend  the language of V-3 to:

VI-3. End Taxing Favoritism

As long as we have taxes, equal protection of the law requires that for each type of tax, the rates should be the same and the tax base should be calculated in the same way for every individual or business.

There should be no abatements, subsidies, credits, refunds or other preferential treatments as incentives to businesses to invest or create jobs, or as a privilege to individuals or classes of individuals, such as age, race or location.  Such tax favoritism should be unconstitutional.

Reasons For Change

To expand on what is meant with taxes consistent with equal protection of the law with a more complete definition that includes tax base and  tax rates and with more illustrations of forms of tax favoritism.

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

_____________________________________________________________________________

VI-8. Agency Budgeting

All government agencies must be prudent in spending and budgeting and must not be rewarded or encouraged to purposely over budget or needlessly spend to keep a budget for the next fiscal year. Each year’s budget should be based on the projected cost of that agencies needs to do its job, in respect to historical and future needs, with the minimum amount of funds to accomplish its goal.

I move to renumber plank VI-8 of the 2019 LPF Platform to VI-4 and amend the language of VI-4 to:

VI-4. State Agency Budgeting 

Legislative budgeting of government has historically failed to control spending or the size of government. Therefore we support constitutional changes to rules such as requiring a supermajority of the legislative houses to approve a total budget that exceeds that of the previous year and annual auditing of all funds spent made available by request as well as posted on state websites.”

Reasons For Change

The 2019 version of this plank is too general and it conforms too much to processes that have failed to control spending.  One can almost say that if you show this to current politicians and bureaucrats they will tell you that this is exactly what they do.  We need constitutional changes and more transparency to drive the budgeting process. 

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

________________________________________________________________________________

VI-9. Competing Currencies

I move to renumber plank VI-9 of the 2019 Platform to VI-5:

 VI-5 Competing Currencies

The State & local government shall accept payment in the form of gold & silver and other competing currencies.

No Change

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

________________________________________________________________________________

VI-10. Localism

I move to renumber plank VI-10 of the 2019 Platfrom to VI-6:

VI-6. Localism

As a principle, we recognize Florida as a diverse and vast people. As such, we seek to support the most local forms of government, rather than further afield governments, such as State or Federal.

No Change

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

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VII. Economy

VII-1. State Regulation of Private Economy

We believe in the free market, thus the complete separation of the economy and the state.

I move to amend  plank VII-1 of the 2019 LPF Platform to:

We believe in the free market, which is the separation of the state from the owners’ use and their right to engage in transactions of their private property.

Private property ownership should always include the right to buy, sell or exchange it at whatever terms agreed between buyers and sellers. We oppose state laws or regulations of the private sector of the economy that interfere with transactions agreed to by individuals, such as controls on prices, wages, rents, amount sold, employment terms, ownership share terms, or any other contractual terms that respect the same rights of other persons.

State regulations, fines or incentives should only be used to prevent the damaging effects external to the world of private properties and markets. These are mainly the pollution of our common property such as  air and water, since most of it cannot be private property and has to be shared by all, which leads to its overuse and abuse.

Reasons For Change

The current plank is too broad and undefined. In addition, the state is part of the economy because it makes resource allocation decisions. Therefore, the proper wording should be related to the separation of the state and the private property sector of the economy.  As with other planks, we have added examples and limits to the general principle of the plank so as to clarify its meaning.

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

    ________________________________________________________________________________

        

VI-2 Was merged with I-12 in section I.

    ________________________________________________________________________________

VII-3. Business Regulations

State regulation of industries such as insurance and communications, and professions such as medicine and law, must be ended. They would be regulated by trade or consumer groups.

I move to amend plank VII-3 of the 2019 LPF Platform and renumber it VII-2:

VII-2. Business Regulations

State regulation of industries such as insurance and communications, and professions such as medicine and law, must end. They should be covered by the same laws on property rights and responsibilities applicable to all, enforced by the courts, and regulated by voluntary private trade or consumer groups.

Reasons For Change

To clarify that laws on property rights and responsibilities also apply to the currently regulated industries.  These are enforced in the courts rather than by specialized regulatory agencies that have a vested interest in protecting the regulated industries.  The renumbering of this plank is to reflect the original plank VII-2 is proposed to be merged into a proposed change to plank I-12.

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

       _____________________________________________________________________________

VII-4. Alternative Currencies and Legal Tender

I move to renumber plank VII-4 to VII-3:

VII-3. Alternative Currencies and Legal Tender

The State shall not impose any regulations or restrictions on alternative currencies to the US Dollar, nor shall it enforce legal tender laws.

No Change

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

_____________________________________________________________________________

VII-5 Price Regulations

The State shall not impose regulations on the prices of goods & services, neither with a price floor or ceiling. The value of goods & services is best determined by the market.

I move to amend plank VII-5  of the 2019 LPF Platform and renumber it VII-4.

VII-4 Price Regulations

The State shall not impose regulations on the prices of goods & services. The value of goods & services is best determined by the market.

Reasons For Change

To delete text that is an unnecessary addition and because these floors and ceilings are not the only type of price regulations.

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

_____________________________________________________________________________

VII-6 Government Favoritism

We reject favoritism in any form to any industries, companies or other organizations

I move to amend plank VII-6  of the 2019 LPF Platform and renumber it VII-5.

VII-5 Government Favoritism

We reject favoritism in any form to any industries, companies or other organizations.  We oppose all grants, loans, loan guarantees and investments in business by any state or local government and all regulatory schemes that create privileges or disadvantages to any business or industry. 

Reasons For Change

To give examples of government favoritism so as to make its meaning clearer.

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

_____________________________________________________________________________

VII-7. Restrictions on Sales and Possessions

We oppose the restrictions on the sale and possession of consumer goods and services.

I move to amend plank VII-7 of the 2019 LPF Platform and renumber it VII-6.

VII-6. Restrictions on Sales and Possessions

We oppose legal prohibitions or restrictions on the sale, purchase or possession of any goods and the sale or purchase of any services.

Reasons For Change

To clarify we oppose government prohibitions or restriction through laws and to cleanup the language clarifying that purchasing is also protected and clarify that services cannot be possessed.

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

_____________________________________________________________________________

VII-8. The Sharing Economy

We support the sharing economy and seek to abolish all restrictions to its growth and enjoyment.

I move to amend plank VII-8 of the 2019 LPF Platform and renumber it VII-7.

VII-7. The Sharing Economy

We support the sharing economy and oppose all legal restrictions that could be imposed on it because they limit its growth, enjoyment and the flexibility of choices of those who work in it or purchase its services. Examples of  these restrictions are requiring the firms that bring together buyers and providers to: (a) classify the providers into the highly regulated category of “employees” or (b) require them to meet specific qualifications. The terms of all relationships should be determined only by those involved in it.

.

Reasons For Change

To add some more reasons to why we oppose these restrictions, giving examples of those that have been proposed or enacted and to specify the principle on which we base this position as: only those involved should specify the terms of a relationship.

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

_____________________________________________________________________________

VII-9. Terms of Employment

The terms of employment, including wages & benefits, should be decided by the parties involved: the employer and employee.

I move to amend plank VII-9 of the 2019 LPF Platform and renumber it VII-8.

VII-8. Terms of Employment

All of the terms of employment contracts, such as wage rates, hours worked, benefits and work rules, should be decided only between or among the parties involved: the employers and employees. The state should not legislate the terms of employment contracts.

Reasons For Change

To add examples of terms of employment and specify to keep the state out of them.  This makes the scope of this plank clearer.

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

_____________________________________________________________________________

I-6. Business and Professional Licensing

All governments must be removed entirely from the licensing process, including occupational licensing. Government has produced no better results than private licensing and has amounted to another tax. Business licensing ought to be abolished, the right to commerce is inherent and a business license tax does not benefit the public nor provide consumer safety. Boating, hunting & fishing licenses ought to be abolished, as there should be no access restriction to public resources such as our State’s waterways, oceans, and wildlife, which are free to access by all.

I move to amend plank I-6 of the 2019 LPF Platform and renumber it VII-9.

_____________________________________________________________________________

VII-9. Business and Professional Licensing

All governmental units in the state must abolish business and occupational licenses and be removed from this process. The right to commerce is inherent, and a business license tax does not benefit the public nor provide consumer safety, therefore should not require the permission of the state. Business and professions should only have to adhere to liability laws, laws against fraud and all the other laws that apply to everyone.

Reasons For Change

Except for the last sentence of this 2019 plank, these are stylistic changes for greater, emphasis and clarity.  The “Boating, hunting . . .“ sentence was removed because it is not relevant to business and professional licensing.

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

_____________________________________________________________________________

 

VIII. Welfare and Charity

VIII-1. Welfare Costs Society More than It Gains

Providing for the needy by forcibly taxing others is contrary to the legitimate function of government, which is to protect the rights of everyone. Disbursing charity from a welfare system costs society more than it gains. It is inefficient, open to fraud and abuse, and creates resentment. Traditional, voluntary sources of emergency support from families, churches, and private charities have always been more humane, more effective, and willingly borne by the givers.

Removed

Reasons For Change

This is a very good explanation of the reasons to end the welfare system, but not a statement of what we advocate. Therefore, it was moved to the Why We Advocated It section of Plank VIII-1, Welfare and Its Alternatives.

VIII-3. Turn Government Welfare Agencies Into Private Charities

Government run organizations that currently provide welfare and charitable services must be privatized with the directive to continue services in the charitable private sector.

I move to delete VIII-3 of the 2019 platform and amend  VIII-I to:

VIII-1.  Welfare and Its Alternatives

Government run organizations that currently provide welfare and charitable services must be privatized with the directive to continue services in the charitable private sector. These programs will transition to voluntary funding, after a reasonable period of time during which government subsidies would be reduced and organizational adjustments would be made.

In lieu of more radical solutions, we also seek more pragmatic alternatives, such as a negative income tax (NIT) or minimum incomes to completely replace the current system of transfer payments and government services at lower costs with more administrable outcomes.

Reasons For Change

VIII-1 was an explanation of VIII-3. Given this, VIII-1 was moved to the longform document under the section “Why We Advocate It.”

Regarding the changes to the first clause, immediate cancellation of government services with a “directive to continue” in the private sector is an issue - a grace period must be provided if you are to hope for any organizational longevity.

Regarding the new second clause, I recognize this may be controversial, but eliminating the welfare state entirely and replacing it with charity will most likely never happen. Several solutions have been proposed by Libertarians such as the negative income tax (Milton Friedman) and minimum income (Charles Murray). Although neither will completely eliminate the welfare state, they can radically save money by eliminating the programs we have now, ensure accountability on recipients by giving people minimal welfare in cash money (meaning one cannot simply game the system by claiming s/he does not receive enough benefits), and encourages community participation to pick up the slack in places where welfare will no longer be itemized. At a current level of spending of $1,274 per resident of Florida on welfare, such solutions serve as a more likely alternative pathway - setting a cap at $1,000 a month and assuming most residents don’t receive welfare would save us a drastic amount of money. Last year we spent $26 billion of Florida’s budget on welfare alone.

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

     ________________________________________________________________________________

VIII-2. No Interference With Private Charities

The government must not interfere with or prevent individuals and organizations seeking to provide private charity to their fellow men. 

I move to amend plank VIII-2 of the 2019 LPF Platform to:

The government must not interfere with or prevent individuals and organizations seeking to provide private charity. Florida cities should also be moved to liberally interpret the 11th Circuit’s Disposition in Fort Lauderdale Food Not Bombs v. City of Fort Lauderdale (2018) which concluded that the act of giving to the homeless is protected under our First Amendment right to Free Speech. 

Reasons For Change

“To their fellow man,” was changed to reflect that charity can be provided to more than just people, and government has no role in restricting these actions. The second and third sentences were added to the plank in order to give a real-world recommendation that would not require any new laws and to highlight a Florida-specific issue that is continuously brought up in the news, which is police interference in private activities which feed the homeless.

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

    ________________________________________________________________________________

IX Education

IX-1. Not Paying for Public Schools

Individuals must not be compelled to fund public schooling.

IX-2. Education is a Parental Responsibility

Education is a parental responsibility and rightfully decided by parents & guardians.

IX-3. Enhance Educational Choices

Because parents/guardians are best situated to decide what is in their own children’s best interests, we support all measures that enhance the educational choices available.

I move to delete planks IX-1, IX-2 and IX-3 of the  2019 LPF Platform and and create a new IX-1 plank.:

IX-1 Parental Responsibility and Choice of Schools

Because parents or guardians are best situated to decide what is in their own children’s best interests, it should be their right to decide their choice of school, type of school organization or homeschooling for them, and the responsibility of no one else to pay for it. 

Reasons For Change

To consolidate three very similar planks into one that makes the same statements in fewer words. The deleted and added words are not colored red or blue because the structure of the changed plank is different from the original.  

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

_____________________________________________________________________________

IX-4. We Oppose Compulsory Schooling

Compulsory schooling and truancy laws must be repealed.

       

IX-5. We Oppose Civil Rights Violations in Government Schools

All individuals, regardless of age, are entitled to the protections of the constitutions of the United States and Florida. Random drug tests, locker searches without probable cause, censorship of student publications, disarming of adults, or any similar actions on public campuses violate those rights.

I move to delete planks IX-4 and IX-5 of the 2019 LPF Platform,  and replace them with plank IX-2:

IX-2. Civil Liberties in Government Education

All individuals, regardless of age, are entitled to their rights in the constitutions of the United States and Florida.

Random drug tests and locker searches without probable cause, censorship of student publications or speeches, disarming of adults, school promotion of religion, suppression of student religious expressions or other restrictions of civil liberties in government-run schools violate those rights and should not be allowed.  Since the ultimate responsibility for the education of children should lie with their parents, compulsory schooling and truancy laws must be repealed. 

Reasons For Change

To consolidate two very similar planks into one that makes the same statements, and to expand on examples and reasons.

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

_____________________________________________________________________________

 X. Environment

I move to create the new plank X-1 below, with the planks after it renumbered

X-1. Protection of Common Property

Libertarians believe that a function of government is to protect rights and responsibilities, including those involving private property, but also common property, mostly air and water and some land, that are shared by all. Common property in air and water is unavoidable because most of it moves and cannot be contained. And being commonly available to all, not private, it is overused and abused.

New Plank

Reason for New Plank

This new plank leads this section to establish the reason for environmental damages as the existence of mostly unavoidable forms of common property and the role of government in protecting our rights and responsibilities in connection with the problems caused by common property.

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

_____________________________________________________________________________

X-1. State Land Privatization

I move to renumber X-1 to X-2  

X-2. State Land Privatization

Aside from public safety, there is no greater concern for the people of Florida than having a safe, healthy environment. We look forward to the day when all property not required for police and court functions are returned to private ownership and control. Privatization of all public land not critical to government operations, may deed lock its future use for conservation or commercialization.

No Change

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

X-2. Right to Sue For Pollution Damages

I  move to renumber X-2 to X-3.

X-3. Right to Sue For Pollution Damages

Every individual must be able to exercise the ability to sue for damages for the trespass of any individual, business, government or other entity that damages or pollutes their property. We support efforts to hold all individuals, businesses and governments accountable for the damages they cause.

No Change

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

 

X-3. State Park Land Privatization

I move to renumber X-3 to X-4

X-4. State Park Land Privatization

We oppose the creation of new government parks or wilderness and recreation areas. Such parks and areas that already exist should be transferred to non-government ownership. Pending such transfer, their operating costs should be borne by their users rather than by taxpayers.

I move to delete plank X-4, and append it to X-2 of the 2019 LPF platform

X-2. State Land Privatization

Aside from public safety, there is no greater concern for the people of Florida than having a safe, healthy environment. We look forward to the day when all property not required for police and court functions are returned to private ownership and control. Privatization of all public land not critical to government operations, may deed lock its future use for conservation or commercialization.

We oppose the creation of new government parks or wilderness and recreation areas. Such parks and areas that already exist should be transferred to non-government ownership. Pending such transfer, their operating costs should be borne by their users rather than by taxpayers.

Reasons For Change

State Park Land is a subset of State Land.  Combining these planks clarifies our position on all types of State Land.

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

_____________________________________________________________________________

X-4. State Withholding of Clean Energy Technology

The withholding or prohibition of clean energy technologies by any government, military, or public entity, is viewed as equal to racketeering, and we oppose such manipulation of markets and such secrecy.

No Change

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document covering planks X-1 to X5 for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

_____________________________________________________________________________

X-5. Measures to Prevent Environmental Damage

Oceans and waterways may not be deeded lands, but are to be protected and conserved similarly. Immunity shall not be given to any industry, processor, or individual, related to damages occurring through these mediums, such as chemical run off. Other unowned mediums such as air, radio frequency, light, and sound should also be treated similarly when damages occur. Civil remedies are best pursued to make whole any victims.

No Change

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

_____________________________________________________________________________

XI. Health Care

XI-1 Personal Health Care Rights

The most fundamental property right is an individual’s right to own and control his or her own body. All individuals have the right to determine their own health care needs and treatment. Government has no right to interfere with or impose upon the practitioner-patient relationship.

XI-2 Personal Health Care Rights

The right of people to extend or end their lives with dignity should not be infringed. We support the freedom to use living wills and durable medical powers of attorney.

I move to delete planks XI-2, and change plank XI-1 of the 2019 LPF Platform and create a new XI-1

XI-1 Personal Health Care Rights

All individuals must have the right to control their own bodies, which is the most important property right, in part, by determining their own health care needs and treatment.

Governments must not interfere with or impose terms or conditions on the practitioner-patient relationship. The right of people to extend or end their lives with dignity should not be infringed. We support the freedom to use living wills and durable medical powers of attorney.

Reasons For Change

To combine two planks that are on the same topic of personal health care rights, add one more right and replace “has no right to” with “must not”.  Also to place the general statement of principles first.

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document (covering XI-1 to XI-2) for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

________________________________________________________________________________

I move to Create new plank XI-2:

XI-2 Privacy of Medical Records

On their personal medical records patients should have their choice of levels of privacy.

New Plank

Reasons For New Plank

Section XI did not address the privacy of medical records.  Merging previous XI-2 with XI-1 enabled a new plank to be inserted as XI-2.

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document (covering XI-1 to XI-2) for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

 _____________________________________________________________________________

XI-3. The Choice of Health Care Methods

We support free choice for health care services, products and procedures, including the right to use experimental treatments.

No Change

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document (covering XI-3 to XI-7) for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

XI-4 Free Market for Medical Testing and Advocacy

We support the use of free market regulation for medical testing and advocacy.

No Change

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document (covering XI-3 to XI-7) for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

XI-5. Government Regulation of Medications

Government shall not regulate, tax, nor prohibit the production, ownership, or sale of

medication.

No Change

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document (covering XI-3 to XI-7) for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

XI-6. Government Mandated Health Care or Its Insurance

Government shall not mandate medical health care or require insurance providers to

administer or cover treatment.

No Change

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document (covering XI-3 to XI-7) for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

XI-7. Medical Boards, Standards and Equipment

We support voluntary medical boards and the free market establishment of industry standards and practices, and oppose government created barriers to entry. The manufacture of medication and medical equipment must not require approval by the government

.

No Change

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document (covering XI-3 to XI-7) for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

    _____________________________________________________________________________

XII. SECESSION

 XII-1. The Right to Political Secession

We recognize the right to political secession. Exercise of this right, like the exercise of all other rights, does not remove legal and moral obligations not to violate the rights of others.

XII-2. The Right to Sovereign Secession

We support the right of sovereigns to secede. This includes the individual citizen and the State member of the Union of States, in our case Florida. The sovereign individual is in a voluntary relationship with the State. The State is in a voluntary relationship with the Union of States. These deliberative bodies shall, from time to time, have active debate discerning the state of their union to these larger bodies of government.

I move to delete planks XII-1 through XII-2 of the 2019 LPF Platform and replace them with XII-1.

XII-1. The Right to Sovereign Secession

Sovereign individuals are in a voluntary relationship with their state and its union. And the states entered into a voluntary relationship with theUnion of States. So these state deliberative bodies shall, from time to time, have active debates about the union of state of these States.

We recognize and support the right of individual and political sovereigns to secede, as long as they conform to legal and moral obligations by not violating the rights of others. This applies to all citizens and to the member states of the Union of States, including Florida.

We do not advocate for Florida to secede from the United States. But we could advocate it if the Federal Government engaged in serious violations of the U.S. Constitution by a tyranical government.

Reasons For Change

To consolidate the subject of secession and start it with the statement of the applicable principle. In addition there is a more specific call to action and a clarification regarding the conditions under which we would or would not favor the secession of Florida from the union.

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

_____________________________________________________________________________

XII-3 Local Self Government and Secession

We support the right of municipalities to localize how they see fit through the ability to

secede from an authority and form independent jurisdictions. Municipalities may split, join

together, or self-govern how they see fit.

I move to renumber plank XII-3 of the 2019 LPF Platform as plank XII-2 and amend it.  

XII-2 Local Self Government and Secession

We support the right of all local jurisdictions (such as counties, cities, school districts and special districts) to determine their political geography and government structure, including representation systems, election dates, and elected and appointed officers.

Local governments should be able to agree to merge with other jurisdictions, to split into different ones, to apply to Congress to be admitted as a state or to become a part of a different state or an independent nation; and for cities to change the county where located, not be part of a county, or merge with its county.


Reasons For Change

To expand on the meaning and give examples of “to localize how they see fit through the ability to secede from an authority and form independent jurisdictions”.

See the Platform’s Explanatory Document for Current Status, Why We Advocate It, Benefits of What We Advocate, Political Path to Implementation and Implementation Process.

________________________________________________________________________________

XIII. INCLUSION

The Libertarian Party of Florida ratifies and hereby includes in this document the platform of the national Libertarian Party.

________________________________________________________________________________

XIV. OMISSIONS

Our silence about any other particular government law, regulation, ordinance, directive, edict, control, restriction, regulatory agency, activity, or objections should not be construed to imply approval.

________________________________________________________________________________

Appendix

LIBERTARIAN PARTY OF FLORIDA

PLATFORM

As Revised May 4, 2019

STATEMENT OF PRINCIPLE

We, the Libertarian Party of Florida, oppose the initiation of force to achieve political or social goals.

Libertarian Party of Florida Preamble

We, the Libertarian Party of Florida, stand for a free & prosperous Florida based on the principles of personal responsibility, individual liberty, and economic prosperity. We unite to engage against the transcendental potency of the State in order to defend & promote liberty, the prerequisite of which man may best participate in his own development. We oppose the initiation of force to reach social and political goals. Instead we adopt the non-aggression principle; an idea that has been present in cultures and traditions for millennia.

Libertarians seek a society built on the pillars of individual liberty, equality under the law, and defensive use of force – a society in which all individuals are sovereign over their own lives. This most desirable method of organizing society is the natural order that arises when the inalienable rights of individuals to life, liberty and property ownership are respected and protected.

Individuals must be free to honestly & peacefully pursue their own interests and pleasures so long as it does not involve coercion, fraud, or violate the equal rights of others. Libertarians welcome the peace, prosperity, and diversity that freedom brings.

I. STATE GOVERNMENT

  1. In the absence of a declaration of war by the United States Congress, we oppose the use of Federal troops on Florida State soil. In addition, we do not support sending Florida National Guard troops overseas for foreign conflicts or missions.

  1. We support the unfettered ability to possess, carry, and modify firearms and accessories for purposes including but not limited to self-defense and to secure the rights of the free individual. We support open carry and constitutional carry initiatives in Florida. We oppose all restrictions on firearms, ammunition and accessories, unless mandated by private property owners on their premises.

  1. We endorse the Tenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, which reserves to our State and its People all powers not expressly delegated to the federal government by the U.S. Constitution, or prohibited from the States or the People by the U.S. Constitution.

  1. We support equality under the law and condemn any law that either rewards or punishes any individual based on race, ethnicity, religion, gender, gender identity, sexual orientation, or any other group identification. Each person has the same inalienable rights. It is the State’s duty to protect those rights for everyone equally.

  1. We recognize the right to private property and self-ownership as basic human rights. Private property is all property owned by non-government entities. One of Government's functions is to protect the private property rights of its citizens We recognize that citizens may voluntarily transfer ownership of their private property, free of government’s control, intervention, or taxation.

  1. All governments must be removed entirely from the licensing process, including occupational licensing. Government has produced no better results than private licensing and has amounted to another tax. Business licensing ought to be abolished, the right to commerce is inherent and a business license tax does not benefit the public nor provide consumer safety. Boating, hunting & fishing licenses ought to be abolished, as there should be no access restriction to public resources such as our State’s waterways, oceans, and wildlife, which are free to access by all.

  1. We advocate a sunset amendment to the constitution requiring an automatic end to most government offices, agencies, departments, laws, regulations, taxes, and expenditures if not reauthorized.

  1. We oppose immunities for any public officials or government employees for illegal acts or omissions. We do support protections for government whistleblowers who alert the public of such illegal or condemning actions.

  1. We support transparency and believe it applies to all public employees. Sunshine laws should apply to all public employees working in any public place. All meetings and minutes must be readily available to the public and recording devices welcomed. There should be no laws prohibiting or limiting electronic recording and reporting of any public official, including law enforcement, while performing their duties.

  1. We oppose the participation by the State of Florida in the Real ID Act or similar Federal identification database mandates. We also oppose the participation of the State of Florida in Federal programs designed to mine or share data on citizens who have committed no Federal crime.

  1. We believe in the right of privacy to all lawful citizens and condemn and oppose any attempts to subvert this right. We hold dear the 4th Amendment of the U.S. Constitution and Section 23 of the Constitution of Florida, which both lawfully guarantee the governments absence from intruding on the personal life of the individual. We oppose all measures to collect, mine, share, and distribute data on citizens without a warrant by State or Federal courts.

  1. The State has no business protecting and maintaining monopolies, which create an unfair playing field and go outside of the bounds of government. We support a complete privatization of all public utilities including energy, water, cable, roads & highways, and other such quasi-public and state-owned utilities. We believe these services are best left to the free market, where service quality is highest, and prices are lowest, we endorse the public/private partnership model of government.

  1. We oppose the State of Florida from accepting any money or participating in cooperation with the Federal government in instances of programs which violate the life, liberty or property of individuals. Such programs include the War on Drugs Byrne grants, which incentivizes minority drug arrests for special department funding while having no impact on public safety.

  1. Marriage is a private agreement between individuals, regardless of sex, sexual preference, or gender. As such, the government must not be involved in the ceremony, documentation, or limitation of marriages and must be completely removed from the process entirely.

  1. There shall be no restrictions to the mobilization of the population, which includes the whole of the people, from obtaining weapons, training, or supplies, in order to keep its ability to defend the territory of Florida in order to secure a free and prosperous future for Floridians.

  1. We oppose all policies or programs that enlist state and local government employees to enforce federal immigration laws or that require local and state authorities to comply with federal immigration law enforcement.

II. ELECTIONS

  1. The only electoral duty of the State government should be providing for fair and efficient conduct of elections. Political parties, like any private voluntary group, should be free from government control and allowed to establish their own rules for nomination procedures and conventions. All taxpayer-funded subsidies to candidates for public office and political parties, including primaries and conventions, must be eliminated.

  1. We support the addition of the alternative “None of the above is acceptable” to all ballots. We further propose that in the event that “None of the above is acceptable” receives a plurality of votes in any election, a new election shall be held for which none of the losing candidates shall be eligible. Other forms of voting should also be considered, such as instant runoff voting or proportional representation.

  1. Campaign finance laws are unwarranted restrictions of free speech or association and should be repealed. Keeping in accordance with the tradition of all government being run in the Sunshine, we support making all political contributions public records.

  1. We support open ballot access for all parties and individuals who wish to hold public office. There must be no barriers to entry for prospective political parties and candidates, including unattainable signature requirements, exorbitant fees, or other measures which limit ballot access to a political duarchy.

  1. It is not the taxpayer’s responsibility to pay for and facilitate the costs of conducting primary elections for political parties. Political parties should fund and conduct their own internal primary elections according to their own rules and conduct.

  1. We support abolishing campaign finance laws, including donation caps, which are an infringement on the freedom of speech and association. We also support the acceptance of alternative monetary donations such as crypto-currencies as valid campaign contributions.

  1. We are opposed to “Top Two” style primaries which seek to eliminate minority parties from being represented in the general election.

  1. We support adopting innovative new methods for voting which will increase efficiency, voter turnout, and save taxpayer money.

III. COURTS

  1. We support the right of defendants to a fully informed jury, which would require judges to instruct jurors of their authority to judge not only the facts, but also the justice of the law according to their own good consciences. If a jury of peers deems a law unjust, oppressive or inappropriately applied, it has the right and duty to acquit the defendant.

  1. We support restitution for victims of crimes or civil infractions at the expense of the perpetrator. The victim must have the right to pardon the perpetrator, provided the victim is not threatened or coerced.

  1. Private adjudication of disputes by mutually acceptable judges or mediators should be encouraged, prior to utilizing the public court system.

  1. No-fault laws must be repealed because they deprive the victim of the right to recover damages from those responsible for causing harm.

  1. The right of trial by jury must be allowed in all civil or criminal cases where the value exceeds one ounce of gold.

  1. The use of civil asset forfeiture to enforce laws circumvents constitutional protections and must be ended. Police roadblocks, Rights-Free-Zones, and searches without probable

cause should be abolished.

  1. We support equal treatment and oppose sexual discrimination in any judicial proceeding adjudicating a parental right, privilege or obligation concerning his or her child.

  1. The Florida Bar, as well as any other licensing monopoly, must be dissociated from the State of Florida as the official body to license practicing attorneys and opened to competition.

  1. Criminal sentencing should be reserved for crimes which have a discernible victim. The punishment should be appropriate to the crime.

  1. Individuals, as well as agents of the State, are no more above the law than the other, and as such are both liable for inflicting damage on victims. They must be held personally responsible for restitution. The State should not shield or defer punishment of State agents, nor limit full restitution, to the taxpayer or individual victims.

IV. PUBLIC SAFETY

  1. Law enforcement cannot guarantee individual safety. Self-protection is a personal responsibility. All individuals have the right to defend themselves and to possess the means to do so, as guaranteed by both the federal and state Constitutions.

  1. State prison facilities must be used only for the incarceration of individuals who have violated the rights of other people, including their life, liberty, or property.

  1. We support the end of the use of K9 units by law enforcement for the purposes of circumventing the right to privacy and as an excuse to perform unwarranted searches.

  1. We oppose the use of red-light cameras as a photo enforcement tool as well as any third party non law enforcement agency issuing fines of any kind.

  1. We are opposed to involuntary institutionalization, unless for emergency medical purposes or in situations where an individual’s autonomy and self-control is lost temporarily and they present an imminent hazard to themselves or others.

  1. Law enforcement must not accept weapons, equipment, nor training from the Federal military.

  1. As individuals with rights to govern ourselves and our property, we support the ability to extend those rights to private security firms for the purposes of defending our life, liberty, and property.

  1. The power of arrest must be reserved to only the Sheriff and police granted to operate under the Sheriff. All other agencies must not have the power to arrest in a Sheriff's jurisdiction.

  1. We oppose law enforcement “quotas” of any kind as a requirement or incentive in any law enforcement agency or activities.

  1. We oppose the acceptance of Federal funding and grants for drug related offenses of any kind.

V. VICE LAWS

  1. We oppose all laws and regulations that attempt to protect individuals from the consequences of their own behavior. While not necessarily condoning such activities, we advocate the repeal of all laws criminalizing gambling, possession and sale of drugs, and sexual relations between consenting adults. All those presently incarcerated or ever convicted solely for the commission of these victimless crimes must be pardoned and their records expunged.

  1. Voluntary communities and businesses may enforce rules that prohibit certain activities to which all members subscribe, such as substance-free dorms.

VI. TAXES and FEES

  1. Government must use voluntary means of supporting state services, such as donations, lotteries, and user fees. We believe in voluntary means of raising revenue as taxation is backed by force or the threat of force to guarantee compliance.

  1. Taxation of privately-owned real property must be eliminated. In effect, it makes the state the owner of all lands by forcing individuals to pay rent to the state or forfeit their title.

  1. The tangible personal property tax on Florida businesses must be repealed.

  1. Tax favoritism should be illegal. Abatements, subsidies, credits, or other incentives to businesses based on geographical area, job creation, or any other criteria deny equal protection under the law.

  1. Sales tax on used merchandise that is resold results in double taxation and must be eliminated.

  1. Adding sales tax to products already subject to specific state taxes, such as gasoline and cigarettes, must be ended. This practice results in double taxation, as consumers are paying a tax on a tax.

  1. We oppose any sales or use tax on the Internet.

  1. All government agencies must be prudent in spending and budgeting and must not be rewarded or encouraged to purposely over budget or needlessly spend to keep a budget for the next fiscal year. Each year’s budget should be based on the projected cost of that agencies needs to do its job, in respect to historical and future needs, with the minimum amount of funds to accomplish its goal.

  1. The State & local government shall accept payment in the form of gold & silver and other competing currencies.

  1. As a principle, we recognize Florida as a diverse and vast people. As such, we seek to support the most local forms of government, rather than further afield governments, such as State or Federal.
  2. The State of Florida has levied enough taxes on its citizens and trade partners, as such, no new taxes ought to be levied for new government projects. New projects must be funded from existing revenues by reducing inefficiencies or cutting current spending.

VII. ECONOMY

  1. We believe in the free market, thus the complete separation of the economy and the state.

  1. No commercial enterprises should be granted legal monopoly status, including the so-called natural monopolies of electricity, natural gas, water supplies, telephones, and cable television. The Florida Public Service Commission must be abolished and all rate regulation in these industries ended. The right to offer such services in the marketplace must not be curtailed.

  1. State regulation of industries such as insurance and communications, and professions such as medicine and law, must be ended. They would be regulated by trade or consumer groups.

  1. The State shall not impose any regulations or restrictions on alternative currencies to the US Dollar, nor shall it enforce legal tender laws.

  1. The State shall not impose regulations on the prices of goods & services, neither with a price floor or ceiling. The value of goods & services is best determined by the market.

  1. We reject favoritism in any form to any industries, companies or other organizations.

  1. We oppose the restrictions on the sale and possession of consumer goods and services.

  1. We support the sharing economy and seek to abolish all restrictions to its growth and enjoyment.

  1. The terms of employment, including wages & benefits, should be decided by the parties involved: the employer and employee.

VIII. WELFARE and CHARITY

  1. Providing for the needy by forcibly taxing others is contrary to the legitimate function of government, which is to protect the rights of everyone. Disbursing charity from a welfare system costs society more than it gains. It is inefficient, open to fraud and abuse, and creates resentment. Traditional, voluntary sources of emergency support from families, churches, and private charities have always been more humane, more effective, and willingly borne by the givers.

  1. The government must not interfere with or prevent individuals and organizations seeking to provide private charity to their fellow man.

  1. Government run organizations that currently provide welfare and charitable services must be privatized with the directive to continue services in the charitable private sector.

IX. EDUCATION

  1. Individuals must not be compelled to fund public schooling.

  1. Education is a parental responsibility and rightfully decided by parents & guardians.

  1. Because parents/guardians are best situated to decide what is in their own children’s best interests, we support all measures that enhance the educational choices available.

  1. Compulsory schooling and truancy laws must be repealed.

  1. All individuals, regardless of age, are entitled to the protections of the constitutions of the United States and Florida. Random drug tests, locker searches without probable cause, censorship of student publications, disarming of adults, or any similar actions on public campuses violate those rights.

X. ENVIRONMENT

  1. Aside from public safety, there is no greater concern for the people of Florida than having a safe, healthy environment. We look forward to the day when all property not required for police and court functions are returned to private ownership and control. Privatization of all public land not critical to government operations, may deed lock its future use for conservation or commercialization.
  2. Every individual must be able to exercise the ability to sue for damages for the trespass of any individual, business, government or other entity that damages or pollutes their property. We support efforts to hold all individuals, businesses and governments accountable for the damages they cause.
  3. We oppose creation of new government parks or wilderness and recreation areas. Such parks and areas that already exist should be transferred to non-government ownership. Pending such transfer, their operating costs should be borne by their users rather than by taxpayers.
  4. The withholding or prohibition of clean energy technologies by any government, military, or public entity, is viewed as equal to racketeering, and we oppose such manipulation of markets and such secrecy.
  5. Oceans and waterways may not be deeded lands but are to be protected and conserved similarly. Immunity shall not be given to any industry, processor, or individual, related to damages occurring through these mediums, such as chemical run off. Other unowned mediums such as air, radio frequency, light, and sound should also be treated similarly when damages occur. Civil tort remedies are best pursued to make whole any victims.

XI. HEALTH CARE

  1. The most fundamental property right is an individual’s right to own and control his or her own body. All individuals have the right to determine their own health care needs and treatment. Government has no right to interfere with or impose upon the practitioner/patient relationship.
  2. The right of people to extend or end their lives with dignity should not be infringed. We support the freedom to use living wills and durable medical powers of attorney.
  3. We support free choice for health care services, products and procedures, including the right to use experimental treatments.
  4. We support the use of free market regulation for medical testing and advocacy.
  5. Government shall not regulate, tax, nor prohibit the production, ownership, or sale of medication.
  6. Government shall not mandate medical health care or require insurance providers to administer or cover treatment.
  7. We support voluntary medical boards and the free market establishment of industry standards and practices, and oppose government created barriers to entry. The manufacture of medication and medical equipment must not require approval by the government.

XII. SECESSION

  1. We recognize the right to political secession. Exercise of this right, like the exercise of all other rights, does not remove legal and moral obligations not to violate the rights of others.
  2. We support the right of sovereigns to secede. This includes the individual citizen and the State member of the Union of States, in our case Florida. The sovereign individual is in a voluntary relationship with the State. The State is in a voluntary relationship with the Union of States. These deliberative bodies shall, from time to time, have active debate discerning the state of their union to these larger bodies of government.
  3. We support the right of municipalities to localize how they see fit through the ability to secede from an authority and form independent jurisdictions. Municipalities may split, join together, or self-govern how they see fit.

XIII. INCLUSION

The Libertarian Party of Florida ratifies and hereby includes in this document the platform of the national Libertarian Party.

XIV. OMISSIONS

Our silence about any other particular government law, regulation, ordinance, directive, edict, control, restriction, regulatory agency, activity, or objections should not be construed to imply approval.

REVISIONS