The BAN – Beth Aharon Newsletter

Riverdale’s Sephardic Congregation @ The Riverdale Bayit - 3700 Henry Hudson Parkway, Bronx NY 10463

Shabbat Vayigash Elav l’Shalom from Beth Aharon @ the Riverdale Bayit: January 4, 2020 | ז’ טבת תש"ף - Issue #5780:14

Zəmanim & Services

Shabbat Parashat Vayigash

4 January 2020 * 7 Tevet 5780

Candle Lighting - 4:22pm

Minḥa/Kabbalat-Shabbat/Arvit - 4:32pm

Shaḥarit - 8:30am * Latest Shəma - 9:40am

Zohar - 4:00pm * Minḥa - 4:05pm

Sə’uda Shəlishit / Shiur - 4:35pm

Shəki’a - 4:41pm * Arvit - 5:21pm

Tset Hakokhavim / Havdala - 5:26pm

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Regular Week Prayers (Tefilat Avraham)

Shaḥarit: Sun: 8:30am *  Mon/Thu: 6:40, 8:00am * Tue/Wed/Fri: 6:45, 8:00am

Minḥa/Arvit: Sun-Thu: 4:30pm  

Picture of the Week

A Moment of BAN

“We are coming back to Crown Heights!”

- Guardian Angels’ leader Curtis Sliwa

This Shabbat & Beyond

Təfilat ‘Erev Shabbat @ 2BM @ 4:22pm

Shaḥarit: 8:30am ● First Kaddish: 8:55am ● Shəma‘ Yisrael: 9:15am - all kids participate! ● Youth Groups: See the Bayit Bulletin for all programs ● Teen Tefila - it can happen only with you, teens! ● Parasha: 9:40am ● Yimlokh: 10:35am - All kids are welcome to join!

Dvar Torah: 10:40am by Rav Dov Lerea

Siyum haSha”s: 11:15am aftre Musaf with Michael Wachsman: Talk, Siyum, and Talmud Trivia Quiz! (* May we use the word trivia with Talmud?)

Kiddush: 11:45am - Kiddush is co-sponsored by the Wachsman family, with much gratitude to Hashem, in honor of completing the Sha"s today and in celebration of Becky's and Joey's birthdays as well as having moved into a new beautiful house; by Joseph Mahgerefteh in celebration of Ruben’s birthday; by Karen Jordan in memory of her mother, Malkah Yentel bat Abraham v’Deborah Leah, zikhra livrakha; and by Thea Resnik in memory of her mother, Hella Reznik, Tzippora Faiga bat Yosef & Dorothea, zikhra livrakha.

Siyum’s Siyum with Experts & Beginners - After Kiddush, a roundtable conversation over tea about the meaning of the Daf-Yomi.

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Learning Service: 9:45am-11:00am with Livya Tinestit at the 2FL.

After Minḥa Mila baParasha: Understanding a word in our parasha. This week - "Vayvarekh-וַיְבָ֥רֶךְ" - what does the word mean; what is the blessing that Ya’akov gave Par’o; and should we bless and/or celebrate the civil new year? Basic (and love of) Hebrew is sufficient. At 2BM.

After Minḥa The Listening Room with Myra Estelle at the LBM.

After Minḥa Daf baTalmud: Daf yomi with the Dafers @ the 3FL.

After Minḥa Shiur baayim: Shiur in the main sanctuary.  

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Our Condolences to Alexandra (Ali) Abikzer and family on the passing of her mother, Marianne Divita - Miriam Aliza bat Sarah, zikhra livrakha; to Esther Zimet and the family on the passing of her mother, Ruth Eisman, zikhra livrakha; to Gavriel Gozland and family on the passing of his father, Roland Gozland, zikhro livrakha.

Azkara - Malkah Yentel bat Abraham v’Deborah Leah z”l; Hella Reznik, Tzippora Faiga bat Yosef & Dorothea, z”l.

Rəfuaa Shəlema to ‘Am Yisrael wounded bodies & souls and the sick: Reuven ben Aliza, Menachem ben Yehudit, Yig’al ben Sulika, Ruben ben Avraham López & Ela, Amir ben Malka, Yonit bat Yehudit, Ilana bat Victoria, Pesach Shlomo ben Alta Chaya Dvora, and Michal Haya bat Tamar, (Monsey victims:) Yosef ben Perel, Chaim ben Vittel, Shlomo ben Vittel, Naftali Tzvi ben Gila, and Nachman ben Elka.

Many Thanks to the Kalfus & Kaplan families and for Friends of Beth Aharon for sponsoring kiddush last shabbat; Special thanks to the Wachsman family, Haimovich family, Roberta Krauss, Judy Yudin, Karen Elemalem, MJ, Yair Bissor, the Bayit Team, and all those who helped and joined us in a wonderful Hanuka Raffle Party; We are most thankful for all the businesses and individuals who contributed with magnificent raffle prizes! Grand winner of a TV, donation of Yudin Appliances is the Krauss-Lamot family; Dreidel competition winners: Lotem, Rina, and Cobi (I think :)    

Mazal Tov to Aharon Hall, Akiva Small, and Mikhael Wachsman on completing the Sha”s’ 13th cycle.

Happy Birthday to Barbara Lipshutz, Michael Fendrich, Rochelle Weisburg, and Jeffrey Schifman, and ... YOU!

From the Rabbis and More…

Rav Ovadia Yosef z”l 

ovadia.jpg

כבוד רבו

כשם שאדם חייב לכבד את אביו ואת אמו ולירא מהם, כך הוא חייב בכבוד רבו ויראתו יותר מאביו ואמו, שהרי אביו ואמו מביאים אותו לחיי העולם הזה, ואילו רבו מביאו לחיי העולם הבא.

פדיון שבויים והשבת אבדה

וכך שנינו במשנה (בבא מציעא דף לג.) לעניין מצות השבת אבידה, שאם מצא אדם שתי אבידות, האחת של אביו והשנייה של רבו, והוא אינו יכול לטפל בשתי האבידות, אבידת רבו קודמת, לפי שאביו מביאו לחיי העולם הזה ורבו מביאו לחיי העולם הבא. ואם היה אביו תלמיד חכם, אבידת אביו קודמת. ועוד אמרו שם במשנה לעניין מצות פדיון שבויים, שאם היו אביו ורבו שניהם שבויים, חייב לפדות ראשית כל את רבו ורק אחר כך את אביו, ואם היה אביו תלמיד חכם, אביו קודם.

מורא רבך כמורא שמים

וכתב רבינו הרמב"ם, "אין לך כבוד גדול מכבוד הרב, ואין לך מורא גדול ממוראו, אמרו חכמים (במסכת אבות) יהי מורא רבך כמורא שמים, לפיכך אמרו, כל החולק על רבו כחולק על השכינה, וכל העושה מריבה עם רבו כעושה מריבה עם השכינה, וכל המתרעם על רבו כמתרעם על השכינה, וכל המהרהר אחר רבו כמהרהר אחר השכינה".

מי הוא "תלמיד חכם"?

בענין זה ישנם כמה גדרים וסוגים של תלמידי חכמים, שכל אחד כבודו גדול יותר מחבירו.

רבו המובהק

בראש כל החכמים, עומד "רבו המובהק", והוא תלמיד חכם, שהתלמיד למד ממנו רוב חכמתו, כלומר, רוב התורה שיודע אותה התלמיד, היא מרבו, הרי אז, רבו נחשב "רבו המובהק", ועליו לכבדו בכבוד גדול.

רבו שהוא תלמיד חכם

שני לו, הוא כל תלמיד חכם, שמלמד תורה לתלמידים, והתלמיד שמע ממנו תורה, אבל לא למד ממנו כל כך הרבה תורה, עד שיהיה הדבר נחשב "שרוב תורתו" של התלמיד באה מאותו חכם. וכלפי חכם זה נוהגים דיני הכבוד הנוהגים ב"רבו שאינו מובהק". ובכלל זה אותם תלמידי חכמים ששומעים מהם שיעורים מפעם לפעם, וחייבים התלמידים לכבד את הרבנים הללו בדיני כבוד תלמיד לרבו שאינו מובהק.

תלמיד חכם

והשלישי, הוא סתם תלמיד חכם שלא לימד את התלמיד דבר, הרי התלמיד אינו נקרא תלמידו, ובכל זאת הוא חייב לכבדו כדין כל תלמידי החכמים, אבל אין חיוב לכבדו כדין "רבו" ממש.

גדול הדור

בזמן שהיה מרן רבינו עובדיה יוסף זצוק"ל עומד עמנו חי וקיים, היה דינו כדין רבו המובהק כלפי כל ישראל, ואף על פי שישנם רבים שלא למדו ממנו הרבה תורה, בכל זאת היו חייבים בכבודו כדין תלמיד כלפי רבו המובהק. וכן אם יקום עוד תלמיד חכם כמותו, נהיה חייבים בכבודו כדין "רבו המובהק" ממש, אף אם לא נלמד ממנו כלום.

וטעם הדבר הוא מפני שכל תלמיד חכם גדול הדור, שמפורסם בדורו בגודל חכמתו, והוא חריף ובקי בכל חדרי תורה, הרי כל בני הדור חייבים בכבודו כתלמידיו המובהקים.

Rav Question - שאלת רב

How many people in your shul read and entirely completed the Sha”s 13th cycle?  

The Weekly Riddle

What digit is the most frequent between the numbers 1 and 1,000 (inclusive); Which digit is the least frequent?

(Guess before you take a peek. The answer is on the back page.)

In the Beginning - The First Talmud Reading Cycle

“What a great thing! A Jew travels by boat and takes gemara Berachot under his arm. He travels for 15 days from Eretz Yisrael to America, and each day he learns the daf. When he arrives in America, he enters a beis medrash in New York and finds Jews learning the very same daf that he studied on that day, and he gladly joins them. Another Jew leaves the States and travels to Brazil or Japan, and he first goes to the beis medrash, where he finds everyone learning the same daf that he himself learned that day. Could there be greater unity of hearts than this?”

(Rabbi Meir Shapiro, Rav of Sanok, at the First World Congress of Agudat Israel, Vienna Elul 3-12, 5683 / August 15-24, 1923.)

A Story - of a Happy New Civil Year

Should Jews bless non-Jews or their fellow Jews with a "Happy New Year?"

Close people to Rav Menachem Mendel Schneerson, the Lubavitcher Rebbe, indicated that the Rebbe has been using the blessing "Shana Tova" and "Happy New Year" on the new civil year day.

Of course, there were those who raised an eyebrow and asked  the Rabbe why was it okay to do so?! The Rabbe cited Psalms 87:6 which says: ”ה' יִסְפֹּר בִּכְתוֹב עַמִּים - G-d counts when nations write.” It means that the writing and/or counting of the Nations has also meaning in Heaven. It is taken into consideration by G-d and may also have an impact on the People of Israel.

So, a simple reasoning from here is that the New Year should be recognized and taken into account also by us, the Jewish People.

Now, all the above is about blessing. Celebration is a different story... for another year :)

Blessings for a good & happy new civil year! tbs

Daf Bite  –   טעם דף

Nidda 73a: Completing the Talmud Bavli

The Arukh LaNer points out that the final Mishna at end of the Massekhet Oktzin, which is the very last tractate of the Mishna, has a parallel conclusion, describing the great reward that is due to the individual who studies Torah, based on the passage in Mishlei (8:21). At the conclusion of the study of all the laws of the Mishna, it is appropriate to be told of the spiritual reward that accompanies such endeavors. Similarly, at the end of the study of the Talmud, a statement attesting to the ultimate reward of a place in the World-to-Come is certainly in order.

(Daf Yomi from Steinsaltz.org)

Time to Smile  

אמרו חז"ל (תמיד לב, א) - אֵיזֶהוּ חָכָם? הָרוֹאֶה אֶת הַנּוֹלָד!

פיקח אחד פירש: "חכם הוא מי שרואה את הנולד, לאחר שכבר נולד, ורק אז מודיע אם זה בן או בת. :)

On the Parasha & Beyond…

Ktav Torah - Vayigash

Parashat Vaigash: " "נושאים מטוב מצרים - carrying from the goodness of Egypt."

Rashi says: “He [Yosef] sent him [his father Ya’akov] an old wine that is acceptable on the mind of the elders.”

It is written in the Mishna: "There is a new jug full of old." Yosef wanted to tell his father that despite his new elevated role as Egypt’s ruler, nevertheless he remained inside as before. That the old way which he has learned from his father Ya’akov remained intact in his heart. He knew that in doing so he would appease his old father's mind, since Ya’akov, being a father, was very concerned about his son’s state of spirituality.

And this is the meaning of Yosef sending Ya’akov old wine, to tell him, that his inner-being, his spirituality, values and belief, has remained the same as before, without any change.

Shabbat shel Shalom. tbs

Parashah: Vayigash - B’reshit: (Genesis) 44:18-47:27

Historical Context: Location: Erets Mitsrayim and Kena’an.  Creation Time: the 2nd quarter of the 23rd century. General calendar: approx. 1700-1650 bce.

Parashort: Yehuda confronts Yoseph in the aftermath of the stolen chalice, and reviews the past events. Yehuda's final plea, that he would remain a slave instead of Binyamin, triggers Yoseph to reveal himself. Yoseph instructs his brothers to bring Yaakov and the rest of the family to Egypt. Yoseph sends provisions and transportation for Yakov's entire household. Yakov is told of Yoseph being, "alive.” Ya’akov wishes to see Yoseph, but first asks Hashem for instructions. Hashem reassures Ya’akov that the time of slavery and nationhood has begun. Ya’akov and Yosef reunite after 22 years. Five of the brothers and Ya’akov are presented to Pharaoh. Ya’akov blesses Pharaoh. The year is 2238 to creation.
(Torah.org - Rabbi Aron Tendler )

Haftara – Yehezkel (Ezekiel) 37:15-28

Haftit: The prophet Yehezkel (Ezekiel) holds two pieces of wood together. One block of wood represents the Northern tribes and the second represents the Southern tribe of Yehuda. This symbolizes that at the time of redemption both Jewish kingdoms would be united. Yehezkel predicts that Bnei Yisrael will live securely in Erets Yisrael, with the “return” of the shekhina, G-d’s presence to their midst.
Connection to the Parasha: After King Solomon's death, Erets Yisrael was split into two kingdoms – Yehuda and Israel. Since the first king of Israel was from the tribe of Ephrayim, Yehezkel refers to it as the kingdom of Ephrayim. Yehezkel hints of the future division of the Jewish nation in this week's Haftara reading. In the Parasha, the brothers Yehuda and Joseph (Ephraim’s father) confront each other. Yehezkel prophecy tells us that in the future, unity will bring all Jews together. (haftorahman

Speechless in the Parasha: Vayigash

In our Parasha, Ya’akov hears that Yosef is alive and his heart is “pag.” How is this word translated into English? Pretend that you are Ya’akov. What do you exactly feel?  

Makom baParasha - Vayigash: Goshen

Region of Egypt which the Israelites inhabited during their sojourn in that country.

The Torah portion (Genesis 44:18—47:27) in which Goshen is first mentioned is known by its first Hebrew word, vaYi(n)gash, וַיִּגַּשׁ , "Then Judah approached (Joseph)..." Just a few verses later (45:10) Goshen is mentioned, for the first time in the Bible, when Joseph sends word to Jacob, saying "...live in the land of Goshen, and you will be near me..." It is as if to say, "you'll live in the approaches to Egypt, not all the way in, so that when it is time to leave, you'll be able to leave quickly.” The last verse of this portion is, (47:27) "Thus Israel settled in the land of Egypt, in the land of Goshen..." (wiki)

Biblical Quiz: Vayigash

Kids: What were the names of the sons of Yosef (Joseph)?

Teens: What was Yosef’s first question after telling his brothers who he was?

Adults: What did happen on the Tenth of Tevet?

Experts: How many of of Leah’s descendants are mentioned in the parasha in sectioned discussing those who went down to Egypt?

In the Good News

- Israel’s marked two breakthroughs this week confirming its staus as an energy power:

The Leviathan gas field, a large natural gas field located in the Mediterranean Sea off the coast of Israel, started producing natural gas which is marketed to Egypt in a 20 billion dollar deal. Leviathan will also export natural gas to Jordan by the end of this year.

Israel signed a gas pipeline agreement with Cyprus and Greece, which will enable the export of natural gas from Israel gas fields to Cyprus, Greece, Bulgaria, and Italy! Congratulazioni!    

Siyum Daf Yomi Quiz

Does an igloo require a mezuza?

Can we travel on spaceship on shabbat?

Did a human ever land on the moon?

Is the world round or flat?

How many people attended the Siyum on Wednesday Jan 1 at the MetLife Stadium in  East Rutherford, NJ?

How many tractates in the Talmud?

What is the last word in the Sha”s?

Community Board

This Week’s BAN is Sponsored By:

Birkat Hashana 5780 Campaign!

Take part in Birkat HaShana and get a special blessing for your family every shabbat as we open the Ark for Torah reading at Beth Aharon. Donation is $500 for the entire year. Your donation will help us with building Aron Kodesh for Bet Tefila Aharon at the 2BM. Last year we had 20 participants who will receive special and last blessing this shabbat :) Goal for this year 5780 is 36 and so far we have 9! Tizku. 

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Beth Aharon AḤUZA Membership Campaign: 5780 - תש”ף

In tribute to BA’s upcoming 21 Year Anniversary (Gematria: AḤUZA=possession/holding-unto=אֲחֻזָּה), we are encouraging the community to join our 5780 Membership Campaign. Each person in our congregation brings with them a unique and special legacy of Jewish history that collectively makes us a diverse and multicultural community. Beth Aharon is our Auza - possession of the past, and we are ne'eazim, holding unto it, to build the future for our children. Demonstrate your communal spirit and support us by becoming a member. This year we are looking to raise funds for a new Aron Kodesh. This follows last year’s successful campaign acquiring comfortable blue chairs for everyone. Your presence and membership greatly enhances our Bet-Kneset and b’Ezrat Hashem our Tefilot. Shana Tova.

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Support Beth Aharon! Thank you for joining Beth Aharon tefilot on Shabbatot & Hagim. Please support Beth Aharon. Mail donations, pledges, High Holidays 5780 and membership dues to: Congregation Beth Aharon/HIR, 3700 Henry Hudson Pkwy, Bronx, NY 10463. Check our website/blog to donate online and for daily updates: www.bethaharon.org.Contact us via email: bethaharon@gmail.com. Tizku Leshanim Rabot V’tovot!

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Kiddush Sponsorship is needed, welcome, and available. Every Shabbat after Musaf we have a welcoming kiddush for our congregants. Please join in eating and sponsoring for both celebrative or commemorative occasions. Any budget works! Contact Email: bethaharon@gmail.com

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Promote your Business and Advertise in the BAN - Beth Aharon’s Newsletter that you enjoy reading so much :) Place your business card for $36/ 1 Week or $252/ 17 Weeks or $576/ Full Year.

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Fill up your Shabbat Table by inviting friends and guests. Need a table? Contact Beth Aharon Hospitality Committee: Rahel Wachsman: 718-644-9053 or Myriam Elefant: 908-370-2454 

Email: bethaharon@gmail.com.

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Beth Aharon Annual Erev-Shabbat Dinner @ the Bayit Tent - Keeping our tradition, beth Aharon will have a special Erev-Shabbat Dinner @ the Bayit Avraham & Sarah Tent, on Friday Night, January 10th, after Tefila, approx. 6:00pm. Good Eats of the SepharKenazi cousin for all diets. Cost and details and RSVP through Evite only. Check your emails. Inquiries: bethaharon@gmail.com

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Chulent Cook-off & Tisch - Friday, January 10th at 8:00pm. Think you’ve got the best chulent in town? Put it up against some Competition! Love to eat chulent? Come taste the chulents at our annual Chulent-Cook-Off and Tisch with Dr. Elli Kranzler. Contact Yael at yael@thebayit.org.

SHOSHANA M. SCHWARTZ, ESQ.

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Biblical Quiz – Answers: Vayigash

Kids: Efrayim and Menashe. * Teens: "Is my father still alive?"

Adults: A fast that commemorates the onset of the Babylonian siege on the Solomon Temple. * Experts:   Total 34: 6 sons, 1 daughter, 25 grandsons (2 died), 2 great-grandsons.

Siyum Daf Yomi Quiz -  Answers

Ask a Dafer, or join our round table siyum’s siyum after kiddush.

Riddle Solved

The most common digit is 1. Can you figure out why?

0 is the least common digit even though 1,000 has three zero's!

Explanations for both riddles:

The digits 0 through 9 all follow the same pattern there is exactly 1 occurrence of each digit for every ten numbers.

- For instance the digit 2 appears once between 10 and 19, at 12. And 2 appears once between, 30 and 39 at 32.

- However, each of the digits 1 through 9 also appear in other numbers in the tens and hundreds place

Again, let's look at 2 which appears in 20,21,22, 23, etc.. as well as 200,201, 202,203..

So to figure out how to answer the first riddle you had to see what distinguishes the number 1? Only that we are including 1,000 which would be the first '1' in a new series of ten! In other words, the digit 1 only has a single extra occurrence (301 occurrences) compared to 2 or 3 or 9 which each have exactly 300 occurrences.

The reason that zero has the least (BY FAR at only 192 occurrences) is because zero does not have any equivalents to 22, 33, 44, 222, 3333 etc..

Congregation Beth Aharon is Riverdale’s Sephardic Orthodox Congregation, located at the Riverdale Bayit (HIR) Bronx, NY. We welcome all worshipers regardless of eda or level of observance. Our congregants take an active-leading role in Tefila and Kria’at haTorah.