Informative Writing 

CATEGORY

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CLAIM

Contains an unclear central claim/thesis statement.

Contains a central claim/thesis statement.

Contains a central claim/thesis statement that seeks to examine and convey complex ideas and information.

Contains a clear, compelling central claim/thesis statement that seeks to examine and convey complex ideas and information.

EVIDENCE

Contains limited and/or irrelevant evidence to support the central claim/thesis statement.

Introduces evidence inconsistently and ineffectively, with no provision of context

Contains support to the central claim/thesis statement with some evidence but, lacks quality or relevance. May provide too much data that is irrelevant or unnecessary.

Introduces evidence and provides limited context, but does so superficially and/or with limited clarity and cohesion

Provides evidence to explain the topic and support the central claim/thesis statement. Data and research  is relevant and specific.

Introduces evidence, providing context, clarity, and cohesion.

Provides significant, relevant, and dynamic evidence, which develops the topic and supports the central claim/thesis statement.

Dynamically introduces evidence effectively and skillfully. Transitions into evidence is seamless, providing context, clarity, and cohesion

REASONING

Unoriginal analysis and/or commentary. Connections between most evidence and the central claim/thesis statement are irrelevant and lacking development.

Draws connections between evidence and central claim/thesis statement. May simply restate or paraphrase the evidence, or be lacking in development.

Supports central claim/thesis statement with analysis that attempts to explain the significance of evidence. Analysis needs further development and explanation.

Supports central claim/thesis statement with thorough analysis and detailed commentary. Organizes complex ideas and information to make important connections and distinctions.

TONE

Demonstrates informal or inappropriate tone throughout. Errors distract from content. No evidence of proofreading

Demonstrates awareness of conventions or formal tone with several errors. Some evidence of proofreading and editing.

Presents a formal tone with minor errors. Evidence of proofreading and editing.

Presents engaging, formal tone with no errors in standard conventions of English. Ample evidence of proofreading and editing.

CITATION

(IN-TEXT AND REFERENCE PAGE)

References page is poorly formatted or missing information (if applicable).

In text citation is limited/inconsistent and consists of incorrect formatting.

Includes a references page, but may contain multiple formatting errors (if applicable).

All in text evidence is cited but contains multiple formatting errors.

Includes a references page with minor errors (if applicable).

All in text evidence is cited with some minor formatting errors.  

Includes a properly formatted references page (if applicable).

Cites all in text evidence, with no formatting errors.