Kindergarten Learning Outcomes - First Grading Period

This document highlights the focus standards for each grading period.  Teachers may choose to review previously taught standards as well.

Understands how print is read and that it conveys meaning

• Hold print materials in the correct position
• Identify the front cover, back cover, and title page of a book
• Distinguish between print and pictures
• Match voice with print
• Identify common signs and logos
• Explain that printed materials provide information
• Read and explain own drawings

Develops an understanding of basic phonetic principles

• Identify and name the uppercase and lowercase letters of the alphabet
• Match consonant sounds to appropriate letters
• Identify beginning consonant sounds in single-syllable words

• Develop vocabulary by listening to a variety of texts read aloud

Demonstrates comprehension of fictional texts

• Identify what an author does and what an illustrator does
• Relate previous experiences to what is read
• Use pictures to make predictions

Demonstrates comprehension of nonfiction texts

• Use pictures to identify topic and make predictions

Language Arts - Writing

Writes for a variety of purposes

• Print his/her first name
• Differentiate pictures from writing
• Draw pictures and/or use letters and phonetically spelled words to write about experiences
• Write left to right and top to bottom

 Demonstrates growth in word study knowledge and applies it to writing
• Differentiated by word study groups

Mathematics

Number and number sense

• Recite the counting numbers in order up to 10 with no errors
• Count up to 10 objects confidently and consistently
• Identify which set is more or less when comparing two sets that have vastly different quantities (a difference of five or more)
• Use the words first, second, third to name ordinal positions (Students may not be confident with all orientations)

Geometry

• Identify and name most circles, triangles, squares, and rectangles.  Students may still have trouble when shapes are in different orientations or are “unusual” in their appearance (i.e. a very tall skinny rectangle or triangle)
• Describe shapes using words like round, curved, straight lines, pointy corners, etc.
• Count the sides and angles when shown a triangle, square, or rectangle
• Compare two shapes to tell which is larger or smaller
• Use positional words to describe the location of shapes relative to each other (above, below, next to)

Patterns, functions and algebra

• Sort a collection of objects by one attribute (color, shape or size) when categories (red, blue, yellow) are named by the teacher
• Describe and extend an AB pattern (red, blue, red, blue, etc.) and an ABC pattern

Science

Scientific investigation/reasoning/logic

• Observe and describe objects from multiple perspectives
• Sequence a set of objects according to size
• Separate a set of objects into two groups based on a single physical characteristic
• Measure the length, mass, and volume of common objects using nonstandard units
• Make observations and predictions for an unseen member in a sequence of objects
• Record observations and construct picture graphs
• Recognize unusual or unexpected results in an activity
• Describe objects both pictorially and verbally
• Identify and describe the five senses
• Match sensing organ with its associated sense and descriptions

Force/motion/energy/matter

• Compare and contrast textures and feel of objects
• Identify and name six basic colors (red, orange, yellow, green, blue and purple)
• Identify and name black and white
• Identify and name a circle, triangle, square and rectangle
• Compare objects using the concepts of heavy/light, long/short, wide/thin, big/little and large/small
• Identify the position and speed of an object, using position words over/under, in/out, above/below, left/right and fast/slow

Social Studies

Civics

• Demonstrate being a good citizen
• Recognize the American flag and the Pledge of Allegiance

Geography

• Describe the relative location of people, places, and things by using positional words: near/far, above/below, left/right, behind/in front

History

• Recognize that history describes events and people of other times and places: Powhatan, Pocahontas
• Describe everyday life in the present and in the past and begin to recognize that things change over time