Children in Reception and Key Stage 1 have daily phonics lessons. Phonics is a way of teaching children to read quickly and skillfully. They are taught how to:

Children can then use this knowledge to ‘decode’ new words that they hear or see. This is the first important step in learning to read.

When reading with your child encourage them to ‘sound out’ unfamiliar words and then blend the sounds together from left to right rather than looking at the pictures to guess. Once your child has read an unfamiliar word, you could talk about what it means.

Word games like ‘I Spy’ can also be an enjoyable way of teaching children about letters and sounds. You could also encourage them to read words on your shopping list or road signs when you’re out and about.