FIRST REPUBLIC (Revolutionary government/The Philippines was still under Spanish rule)

Emilio Aguinaldo


(1899-1901) President: Emilio F. Aguinaldo

(1897?) Vice-President: Mariano C. Trias (elected VP during the Tejeros assembly)




Manuel L. Quezon


(1935-1944) President Manuel L. Quezon (Died in exile in the U.S.)

(1936-1944) Vice-President: Sergio S. Osmeña, Sr.


Sergio Osmenia, Sr.


(1944-1946) President: Sergio S. Osmeña, Sr. (Assumed the presidency upon the death of Quezon while the Philippine Commonwealth government is in exile in the U.S.)



SECOND REPUBLIC (Japanese Occupation)

Jose P. Laurel

(1943-1945) President: Jose P. Laurel

(1943-1945) Vice-Presidents: Benigno Aquino, Sr. and Ramon Avancena




Manuel A. Roxas


(1946-1948) President: Manuel L. Roxas (Died of a heart attack)

(1946-1948) Vice-President: Elpidio R. Quirino


Elpidio R. Quirino


(1948-1953) President: Elpidio R. Quirino (Assumed the remaining term & re-elected)

(1949-1953) Vice-President: Fernando H. Lopez


Ramon Magsaysay, Jr.


(1953-1957) President: Ramon F. Magsaysay

(Magsaysay died in an airplane crash on March 16, 1957 on Mt. Manunggal in Cebu)

(1953-1957) Vice-President: Carlos P. Garcia


Carlos P. Garcia


(1957-1961) President: Carlos P. Garcia (Assumed the remaining term and re-elected)

(1957-1961) Vice-President: Diosdado P. Macapagal


Diosdado Macapagal


(1961-1965) President: Diosdado P. Macapagal

(1961-1965) Vice-President: Emmanuel N. Pelaez


Ferdinand Marcos


(1965-1972) President: Ferdinand E. Marcos (the first to win 2 presidential terms)

(1965-1972) Vice-President: Fernando H. Lopez



FOURTH REPUBLIC (Martial Law, "The New Republic" & Parliamentary Government)

Ferdinand Marcos


(1972-1986) President: Ferdinand E. Marcos (unseated by the People Power Revolution)

(Marcos died in exile in Hawaii on September 28, 1989 of Lupus complications)

(1981-1986) Prime Minister Cesar E. A. Virata

(1986) Vice-President: Arturo M. Tolentino (proclaimed but did not serve due to the revolt)



FIFTH REPUBLIC (Under the new "People Power" Constitution)

President Corazon Cojuangco-Aquino


(1986-1992) President: Corazon Cojuangco-Aquino

(1986-1992) Vice-President: Salvador H. Laurel


Pres. Fidel Valdez Ramos


(1992-1998) President Fidel V. Ramos

(1992-1998) Vice-President: Joseph Ejercito Estrada


Joseph Ejercito Estrada


(1998-2001) President: Joseph Ejercito Estrada (Deposed by "People Power")

(1998-2001) Vice-President: Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo


Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo

(2001-2010) President: Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (Assumed Estrada's remaining term & re-elected)

(2001-2004) Vice-President: Teofisto T. Guingona (1st term of Arroyo)

(2004-2010) Vice-President: Manuel "Noli" Leuterio de Castro (2nd term of Arroyo)

Benigno Simeon Cojuangco Aquino III, a.k.a. Noynoy Aquino

(2010-2016) President: Benigno Simeon "Noynoy" Cojuangco Aquino III

(2010-2016) Vice-President: Jejomar "Jojo" Cabauatan Binay

President Rodrigo Roa Duterte

(2016-Present) President: Rodrigo "Rody" Roa Duterte a.k.a. Digong

(2016-Present) Vice-President: Maria Leonor "Leni" Santo Tomas Gerona-Robredo