Last Updated: July 2017

Outdoor Classroom Design: Perennials For SF Bay Area School Gardens

Name

Varieties/

Size

Bloom

Time

Good For...

Pruning/Care Tips

Copper Canyon Daisy

(Tagetes lemmonii)

File:Tagetes lemmonii, the ...

3-6’ x 4-6

Year-Round

  • Strong scent
  • Year-round flowers
  • Will get quite large, especially if located near additional water/fertilizer.

Ceanothus (Ceanothus) File:Ceanothus thyrsiflorus ' ...

Many varieties and sizes, groundcover to large shrub.

C. arboreus, ~15’ x 10’

C. hearstiorum, 6” x 8’

Spring

  • Flowers for soap-making
  • Attracts bees
  • No additional water or fertilizer once established.

Jerusalem Sage

(Phlomis fruticosa)

File:Phlomis fruticosa.jpg

4’ x 6’high

Spring

  • Flowers for nectar tasting
  • Fuzzy leaves

Lion’s Tail (Leonotis leonurus)

Other resolutions: 320 × 213 ...

4-6’ x 4-6’

Fall

  • Flowers at the beginning of the school year
  • Cut back to the ground after it has finished blooming in late fall.
  • Root ball will grow every year and may need root pruning.

Lavender (Lavndula)

Lavender, Flowers, Bloom ...

Many varieties, including:

English (L. angustifolia) 1-2’ x 2-3’

French (L. dentata) 3-4’ x 4-6’

Spanish (L. stoechas) 3’ x 2-3’

Spring/

Summer

  • Herb bundles
  • Cooking activities

  • Cut back by ½ in winter to prevent from getting woody

Name

Varieties/Size

Bloom Time

Good For...

Pruning/Care Tips

Mexican Sage (Salvia leucantha)

Salvia, Salvia Mexicana ...

3-4’ x 3-4’

------------------------------------

These are just two of many salvias- others include:

  • White Sage (S. apiana)
  • Bee’s Bliss Salvia

(S. leucophylla)

------------------------------------

3-4’ x 3-4’

Year-round if cut back

  • Year-round flowers
  • Spreads easily
  • Cut back to the ground after blooming to promote flower growth

Pineapple Sage (Salvia elegans)

 File:Salvia elegans ...

Year-round

  • Attracts hummingbirds
  • Nectar tasting
  • Scented leaves

Rose Geranium

(Pelargonium graveolens)File:Pelargonium graveolens 2. ... 

~2’x1’

-----------------------------------------

These are just two of many scented geraniums

-----------------------------------------

~1-3’ x 1-3’

  • Scented leaves

Peppermint Geranium

(Pelargonium tomentosum)

Pelargonium tomentosum

  • Scented fuzzy leaves

Sweet pea shrub

(Polygala dalmaisiana)

... Polygala x dalmaisiana.jpg

 3-5’ x 4-6’

Year-round

  • Year-round flowers, example of seed “exploders”.
  • NOT edible

Name

Varieties/Size

Bloom Time

Good For...

Pruning/Care Tips

Sticky Monkey Flower (Mimulus aurantiacus)

File:Mimulus aurantiacus-4.jpg

3-4’ x 3-4’

Spring/

Summer

  • Sticky leaves- can make dirt “tattoos”
  • Attract hummingbirds

Princess Flower (Tibouchina semidecandra)

File:Tibouchina semidecandra ...

5-15’ x 3-10’

Winter/

Spring

  • Showy flowers

New Zealand Flax (Phormium)

File:Phormium Amazing Red 1. ...

Many sizes and varieties- can get quite large.

P. tenax ‘Tom Thumb’ & Tiny Tiger are both on the smaller size  (~2’ x 2’)

  • Weaving crafts (bracelets, bookmarks, etc.)

Hummingbird fuchsia (Epilobium canum) 

File:Zauschneria californica ' ...

1-2’ x 2-3’

Summer/

Fall

  • Attract hummingbirds

Tree aloe (Aloe arborescens)

Aloe arborescens

6-8’ x 5-6’

Winter

  • Providing a barrier

Devil’s Bush (Leucadendron salignum)

File:Leucadendron salignum ...

3-5’ x 3-6’

Winter

  • Slow growing but beautiful red foliage- fun to add to flower bouquets
  • Very sensitive to additional water or fertilizer once established

Others Drought-Hardy Plants to Consider:

Hebe variagata

Variegated Hebe.jpg

New Zealand Iris

(Libertia peregrinans)

File:Libertia peregrinans.jpg

Green smoke bush 

(Cotinus coggygria) 

cotinusgodlenspirit.jpg

Red Dragon

(Lophomyrtus x ralphii)

GBPIX_photo_64903.jpg

New Zealand Tea Tree 

(Leptospermum scoparium)

Other resolutions: 320 × 240 ...

Chinese Fringe Flower

(Loropetalum chinese rubrum)

DisplayImage.ashx.jpg

Red Flowering Currant

(Ribes sanguinium)

File:Ribes sanguineum 03759.

Red lantana

(Lantana camara)

File:Lantana camara bandera ...

Rock Rose

(Cistus x purpureus)

File:Cistus xpurpureus pm.jpg

Silver Plectranthus

(Plectranthus argentatus)

Plectranthus_argentatusz-700x700.jpg

*shade tolerant!

Flowering Maple 

(Abutilon)

abutilon-megapotamica_chinese-lantern_2.jpg

*shade tolerant!

Name

Varieties/

Size

Bloom

Time

Good For...

Pruning/Care Tips

OCD: Perennials For SF Bay Area School Gardens