EDHS COURSE CATALOG

El Dorado High School

Course Catalog

Updated October, 2017



                                                                

Executive Team

Dr. William Coats, Chief Executive Officer

Michele Kaye, Chief Operating Officer

Patrick Lawrence, Chief Financial Officer

Mary Berg, Vice President for Academic Support Services

Site Team

Bahja Ali, School Leader

Jillian Mason, Office Manager

Matthew Weaver, Curriculum Coach

Contact Information

2200 N. Arizona Ave. Ste. 17

Chandler, AZ 85225

480-726-9536

www.edhswolverines.com 


Table of Contents

General Information                                                3                

Course Credits                                                        4

Academic Program Planning                                        5                        

Grade Distribution                                                        6

English                                                                7

Mathematics                                                                11

Science                                                                17

Social Studies                                                        20

Elective Courses                                                        22

                                

General Information

This course catalog is designed to enable students and supporting stakeholders to map out an Individual Graduation Plan (IGP) that is best suited to the students’ interests and goals and ensure that they meet all of the state requirements for graduation. Students and parents should be advised that vocational schools, colleges, and universities may have entrance requirements that exceed state high school graduation requirements.

All students, in collaboration with their parents/guardians and a counselor/mentor on site at EDHS, should determine a postsecondary goal, review their current credit analysis, and determine a plan of action to complete their high school studies in order to successfully transition into their postsecondary goals.  

 

This catalog lists the courses available throughout the school year. Not all courses are offered every block. Elective courses offerings are determined after routine review of registration data and feedback from various stakeholders. The site team reserves the right to best utilize the skills and talents of its instructors to offer elective courses that are relevant and of interest to our student population. As such, course names and availability remain at the discretion of the EDHS Site Team.

Some courses have prerequisite requirements. Students must complete all prerequisite classes, including those previously taken and failed, before being enrolled in these courses.

Students eligible for Exceptional Student Services (ESS) should meet regularly with the ESS Coordinator on campus to ensure they are meeting the required course of study prescribed in their Individual Education Plan (IEP).

As part of the The Leona Group, El Dorado High School collaborates with other TLG schools in the state to create rigorous core courses which endeavor to prepare our students for the AZMerit tests as well as master skills and knowledge necessary for successful integration into postsecondary opportunities.

General Information

As of 2014, the English and Math courses for 9th, 10th, and 11th grade run the course of 3 blocks. Students complete to the equivalent of 3 semesters of English, Algebra I, Geometry, and Algebra II over the course of a school year. The courses are labeled A, B, and C. All of the courses are content-rich in language/math, aligned with a defined scope and sequence to the AZCCRS and students earn ½ credit of English or Math for each course, with the following exceptions:

Students who finish a course with a D or lower may repeat that course. When a core course is repeated that normally is not repeated for credit, the highest grade will appear on the official transcripts as the core course grade. The lower grade will appear on the official transcripts as an elective course. All final grades are calculated equally into a student’s cumulative GPA.


Course Credits

El Dorado High School operates on a block system year-round. Each block is equivalent to a traditional semester. There are four (4) nine-week blocks each school year.  The following breakdown is a calendar approximation for each block:

Block 1                August through mid-October

Block 2                mid-October through December

Block 3                January through mid-March

Block 4                mid-March through May

A full-time student is required to enroll in a minimum of three (3) courses each block. Students may earn one-half unit of credit (.50) for a course that meets for a 105-minute period per day for nine weeks.

The following chart follows a student’s intended progress through high school while on the block system.

Total # of Credits when 3 classes are successfully completed each block

Grade

B1

B2

B3

B4

9

1.5

3

4.5

6

10

7.5

9

10.5

12

11

13.5

15

16.5

18

12

19.5

21

22.5

24

Students may take a 4th course each block for the purpose of credit recovery or participation in an extracurricular sport. However, students must meet minimum grade and attendance requirements for their three primary classes in order to be permitted to take on an additional course.  

Academic Program Planning

Per the Arizona State Board of Education, students must earn a minimum of 22 credits AND fulfill the following credit requirements in order to meet High School Graduation Requirements:

                English                 4 credits

                Math                        4 credits1

                Science                3 credits

                Social Studies        3 credits2

                CTE/Fine Arts        1 credit

                Electives                7 credits

                TOTAL                22 CREDITS

1Math courses shall consist of Algebra I, Geometry, and Algebra II, an and additional course with significant math content as determined by the school board or charter school.

2Social Studies shall consist of one credit of American History, one credit of World History/Geography, one-half credit of Government, and one-half credit of Economics.

East Valley Institute of Technology (EVIT)

El Dorado High School cooperates with the East Valley Institute of Technology and encourages students to consider the career and technical training programs offered. EVIT students enroll in courses both on the EDHS campus as well as on the EVIT campus. EVIT is a school district separate from El Dorado High School, and students accepted into an EVIT program must be enrolled in 3 courses on the EDHS campus while completing courses on the EVIT campus. Transportation is not provided between the El Dorado High School and the EVIT campus.

Grade Distribution

All courses offered for credit at El Dorado High School receive a letter grade with a pass/fail option.

90-100%                  A  =          4 points

80-89%                 B  =        3 points

70-79%                 C  =          2 points

60-69%                 D  =          1 points

<60%                        F  =         0 points         

Grade Point Average

A student’s grade point average, or GPA, is calculated by dividing the total number of points the student has earned by the total number of points the student attempted to earn.

A student’s cumulative GPA includes all of the courses completed at El Dorado High School as well as all courses completed at other high schools the student attended.

Per the Canyon Athletics Association (CAA), all student athletes at El Dorado High School must maintain a 2.0 GPA for the courses in session during an athletic season in order to be eligible to practice and play. Student athletes should expect to comply with a weekly grade check while actively participating in school sports programs.

Weighted Grades

El Dorado High School does not use a weighted grading scale.

College Credit

Students who demonstrate academic proficiency at the college level, via College Board testing or by community college course completion, may be eligible to receive credit toward high school graduation.

English

English 9 foundations                                                        ½ credit - Elective          

(this course can also listed as English 9A in previous catalogs or transcripts)

English 9 foundation  is an elective course which is designed to prepare students for the rigorous AZMerit testing. This course provides a blended foundation for expository writing and literary analysis that will increase skill levels in both reading and writing. This course may be repeated for elective credit provided the student demonstrates a need for remediation in foundational writing and literary analysis.

English 9-1                                                                         ½ credit - English

(this course can also listed as English 9B in previous catalogs or transcripts)

English 9-1 is a core English course designed for 9th grade students. This course builds on the foundation of reading and writing set in English 9A and extend to develop persuasive research writing skills. The final few weeks of the course offers a strategic spiraled review of expository research and literary analysis writing. The texts used in this course aim to help students evidence mastery of the AZCCRS RI standards.

English 9-2                                                                         ½ credit - English

(this course can also be listed as English 9C in previous catalogs or transcripts)

English 9-2 is a core English course designed for 9th grade students. This course provides a focused, deep exploration of literature that helps students evidence mastery of the AZCCRS RL standards. Literary texts used in this course include short stories, poetry, mythology, novellas, and excerpts from longer works of literature.

 

English 10 Foundations                                                         ½ credit - Elective

(this course can also listed as English 10A in previous catalogs or transcripts)

English 10 foundation is an elective course which is designed to prepare students for the rigorous AZMerit testing. This course provides a blended foundation for expository writing and literary analysis that will increase skill levels in both reading and writing. This course may be repeated for elective credit provided the student demonstrates a need for remediation in essay writing and literary analysis.

English

English 10-1                                                                 ½ credit - English

(this course can also be listed as English 10B in previous catalogs or transcripts)

English 10-1 is a core English course designed for 10th grade students. This course provides a rich foundation for persuasive research writing, while offering a spiraled review of expository research and literary analysis writing introduced in English 10-1. The texts used in this course aim to help students evidence mastery of the AZCCRS RI standards.

English 10-2                                                                 ½ credit - English

(this course can also be listed as English 10C in previous catalogs or transcripts)

English 10-2 is a core English course designed for 10th grade students. This course endeavors to provide a focused, deep exploration of literature that helps students evidence mastery of the AZCCRS RL standards. This course guides students through an exploration of a novel or a play, enriched with supporting literary pieces.

English 11-1                                                                        ½ credit - English 

(this course can also be listed as English 11B in previous catalogs or transcripts)

English 11-1 is a core English course designed for 11th grade students. This course endeavors to provide intensive writing instruction through a blend of persuasive, expository, and literary analysis. The texts used in this course aim to help students evidence mastery of the AZCCRS RI standards.

English 11-2                                                                        ½ credit - English 

(this course can also be listed as English 11C in previous catalogs or transcripts)

English 11-2 is a core English course designed for 11th grade students. This course provides a focused, deep exploration of literature that helps students evidence mastery of the AZCCRS RL standards. This course guides students through an intense exploration of a novel or a play, enriched with supporting literary pieces.


English

English 12-1                                                                        ½ credit - English 

(this course may be listed as English 12B in previous catalogs or transcripts)

English 12-2 is a core English course designed for 12th grade students. This course emphasizes close reading and the ability to understand a variety of written materials. Students complete writing assignments that prepare them for the workplace and postsecondary education as well as gain public speaking skills employable for a variety of purposes and audiences. Literature read in this course focuses on world authors and classic works.

English 12-2                                                                        ½ credit - English 

(this course may listed as English 12C in previous catalogs or transcripts)

English 12-2 is a core English course designed for 12th grade students. This course emphasizes close reading and the ability to understand long, complex passages. Students complete writing assignments they may expect in their college career, including summaries, essays, academic arguments, and an extended research paper, which represents the capstone academic written work of the student. Literature read in this course focuses on world authors and classic works, and students aim to evidence mastery of analyzing and drawing conclusions regarding linguistic and rhetorical choices revolving around audience, purpose, and structure.

Multicultural Literature                                                        ½ credit - English

Multicultural English is a core English course designed for 11th and 12th grade students. This course revisits the 9th and 10th grade AZCCRS power standards in reading and writing, affording students the opportunity to obtain credit recovery via assignments and texts appropriate to an older student’s interest. Writing assignments include short expository essays and literary analysis. Texts include a blend of fiction and relevant expository readings, enriched with discussion, collaboration, and project-based learning. As a credit recovery course, older students may receive credit for either semester of 9th grade English or either semester of 10th grade English.


Mathematics

Algebra 1 Foundation                                                         ½ credit - Elective

(this course may be listed as Algebra 1A in previous catalogs or transcripts)

Algebra 1 Foundation is a standards-based elective course designed to review and reinforce foundational concepts of algebra. Topics covered include real numbers, problem solving, equations, and inequalities. This is not a pre-algebra course, but rather a spiraled review of key vocabulary, number sense,  and mathematical concepts embedded into the foundational skills and knowledge of algebra. This course may be repeated for elective credit provided the student demonstrates a need for remediation in foundational mathematics.

Algebra 1-1                                                                 ½ credit - Mathematics

Suggested prerequisite: Algebra 1 foundations

(this course may be listed as Algebra 1B in previous catalogs or transcripts)

Algebra 1-1 is a standards-based core mathematics course designed to develop skills and manipulations necessary for advancement to Algebra 2. Students study functions, graphing, linear functions, systems of equations including linear equations. Opportunities for demonstration of understanding via individual and collaborative problem solving, analysis, and application are intentionally designed to prepare students for the rigorous AZMerit testing.  

Algebra 1-2                                                                ½ credit - Mathematics

Prerequisite: Algebra 1-1

(this course may be listed as Algebra 1C in previous catalogs or transcripts)

Algebra 1-2 is a standards-based core mathematics course designed to develop skills and manipulations necessary for advancement to Algebra 2. Students study data collection/analysis, including trends, frequencies, and tendencies; exponential functions, including geometric sequences, growth/decay, and modeling; and polynomials, including radicals, properties of monomials, and factoring. Opportunities for demonstration of understanding via individual and collaborative problem solving, analysis, and application are intentionally designed to prepare students for the rigorous AZMerit testing.

Mathematics

Geometry 1                                                                ½ credit - Mathematics

Prerequisite: Geometry 1

(this course may be listed as Geometry A/B in previous catalogs or transcripts)

Geometry B is a standards-based core mathematics course designed for the second year of the mathematics curriculum. Geometry courses, emphasizing an abstract, formal approach to the study of geometry, typically include topics such as properties of plane and solid figures; deductive methods of reasoning and use of logic; geometry as an axiomatic system including the study of postulates, theorems, and formal proofs; concepts of congruence, similarity, parallelism, perpendicularity, and proportion; and rules of angle measurement in triangles.

Geometry 2                                                                ½ credit - Mathematics

Prerequisites: Geometry 1

Geometry 2 is a standards-based core mathematics course designed for the second year of the mathematics curriculum. Geometry is mapped to AzMERIT End of Course (EOC) Geometry assessment. Geometry courses, emphasizing an abstract, formal approach to the study of geometry, typically include topics such as properties of plane and solid figures; deductive methods of reasoning and use of logic; geometry as an axiomatic system including the study of postulates, theorems, and formal proofs; concepts of congruence, similarity, parallelism, perpendicularity, and proportion; and rules of angle measurement in triangles.

Algebra 2-1                                                                ½ credit - Mathematics

Prerequisites: Algebra 1-1, Algebra 1-2, Geometry 1, and  Geometry 2

Algebra 2-1 is a standards-based core mathematics course designed for the third year of the mathematics curriculum. Algebra 2 course topics typically include field properties and theorems; set theory; operations with rational and irrational expressions; factoring of rational expressions; in-depth study of linear equations and inequalities; quadratic equations; solving systems of linear and quadratic equations; graphing of constant, linear, and quadratic equations; properties of higher degree equations; and operations with rational and irrational exponents.

Mathematics

Algebra 2 -2                                                                ½ credit - Mathematics

Prerequisite: Algebra 2-1

Algebra 2-2 is a standards-based core mathematics course designed for the third year of the mathematics curriculum. Algebra 2 is mapped to AzMERIT End of Course (EOC) Algebra 2 assessment. Algebra 2 course topics typically include field properties and theorems; set theory; operations with rational and irrational expressions; factoring of rational expressions; in-depth study of linear equations and inequalities; quadratic equations; solving systems of linear and quadratic equations; graphing of constant, linear, and quadratic equations; properties of higher degree equations; and operations with rational and irrational exponents.

Probability & Statistics                                                ½ credit - Mathematics

Prerequisites: Algebra 2A, Algebra 2B, Algebra 2C

Probability and Statistics is a one-semester core math class designed for 4th year math students. Skills and knowledge taught and practiced in this course help students understand definite and computable data; make inferences and justify conclusions from sample surveys, experiments, and observational studies; comprehend uncertain probability using the rules of probability to figure chances of multiple events in a uniform probability model; and use probability to make decisions and evaluate outcomes of decisions.  

Trigonometry                                                         ½ credit - Mathematics

Prerequisites: Algebra 2A, Algebra 2B, Algebra 2C

Trigonometry is a 4th year core math class, covering angles, angle terminology, reference angles, definition of sine, cosine, and tangent, definition and value of secant, cosecant, and cotangent, calculating sides of right triangles, using trigonometry to solve real world problems, the Law of Sines and Cosines, symmetry identities, verifying trigonometric identities, sum and difference for sine, cosine, and tangent, using cofunction identities, graphing trigonometric functions, principal values, arc length, area of circular sectors, simple harmonic motion, and frequency.


Mathematics

Algebra 1A (prior to Aug, 2015)                                        ½ credit - Mathematics

When the first year of standards-based high school math was offered over the course of two semesters, Algebra 1A covered foundational algebraic concepts, number sense, analysis,and mathematical structure/logic. Students studied whole numbers, fractions, decimals, integer operations, solving equations, solving inequalities, ratio and proportions, graphs and functions, and linear equations and their graphs.

Algebra 1B (prior to Aug, 2015)                                        ½ credit - Mathematics

When the first year of standards-based high school math was offered over the course of two semesters, Algebra 1B covered algebraic concepts, number sense, analysis, mathematical structure/logic, and probability. Students studied systems of equations and inequalities, exponents and exponential functions, polynomials and factoring, quadratic equations and functions, radical expressions and equations, and rational expressions and functions.

Geometry 1A (prior to Aug, 2015)                                ½ credit - Mathematics

When the second year of standards-based high school math was offered over the course of two semesters, Geometry 1A provided opportunities for students to develop skills in geometric proof writing and reading, graphing, geometric properties, and learning about the organization of the coordinate plane. Students studied tools of Geometry, Reasoning and Proof, Parallel and Perpendicular Lines, Congruent Triangles, Relationships within Triangles, Quadrilaterals, Area, and Similarity. 

Geometry 1B (prior to Aug, 2015)                                ½ credit - Mathematics

When the second year of standards-based high school math was offered over the course of two semesters, Geometry 1A provided opportunities for students to develop skills in geometric proof writing and reading, graphing, geometric properties, and learning about the organization of the coordinate plane. Students studied an introduction to right triangle trigonometry, surface area and volume, circles, and transformations.

 

Mathematics

Personal Finance (CBE) (prior to Aug, 2015)                        ½ credit - Mathematics

In this introductory finance course, students learn basic principles of economics and best practices for managing their own finances. Students learn core skills in creating budgets, developing long-term financial plans to meet their goals, and making responsible choices about income and expenses. They gain a deeper understanding of capitalism and other systems so they can better understand their role in the economy of society. Students are inspired by experiences of finance professionals and stories of everyday people and the choices they make to manage their money.

Financial Literacy A/B                                         ½ credit each  - Mathematics

Financial Literacy is a 4th year core math class, designed with a goal of providing students the skills necessary to become wise and knowledgeable consumers, savers, investors, users of credit, money managers, citizens, and members of a global workforce and society.  Using a “hands-on” approach, these two courses cover subjects such as financial goals, homeownership, work ethic, financial statements, savings and investing plans, withholding taxes, career choices, budgeting, credit, and consumer protection laws.


Science

Integrated Science 1                                        ½ credit - 1st year Lab Science

Investigative Science A is a lab science course designed for 1st year core science credit. Over the course of five units, students study science skills, including laboratory safety, measurement, and using the scientific method; properties of matter and states of matter, including physical properties, chemical properties, the gas laws, and phase changes; atomic structure, including modern atomic theory; the Periodic Table of Elements; and chemical bonds, including naming compounds and writing formulas.

Integrated Science 2                                        ½ credit - 1st year Lab Science

Investigative Science B is a lab science course designed for 1st year core science credit. Over the course of six units, students study science skills, including a review of laboratory safety and the scientific method; motion, including distance and displacement, speed and velocity, and acceleration; forces and motion, including Newton’s Laws of Motion; forces in fluid, including fluid pressure and buoyancy; work, power, and machines, including mechanical advantage and efficiency; and energy, including energy forms, energy conservation, and energy resources.

Earth & Space Science A (CBE)                                ½ credit - 1st year Science

Earth & Space Science A is designed for 1st year science students. It is not a lab science; however, students are exposed to the foundational concepts required for success in more advanced science courses. Topics covered include the history of physical science, the scientific method, atoms, elements, chemical compounds, chemical reactions, states of matter, laws of motion, and energy.

Earth & Space Science B (CBE)                                ½ credit - 1st year Science

Earth & Space Science B is designed for 1st year science students. It is not a lab science; however, students are exposed to the foundational concepts required for success in more advanced science courses. Topics covered include heat, electricity, magnetism, sound, light, climate, weather, and astronomy basics.

Science

Physical Science A (CBE)                                        ½ credit - 1st year Science

Physical Science A is designed for 1st year science students. It is not a lab science; however, students are exposed to the foundational concepts required for success in more advanced science courses. Topics covered include introduction to earth science, measurement, energy, formation of winds, clouds and fronts, storms, rocks and minerals, fossils and dinosaurs, climate, mountains and plains, and ocean features.

Physical Science B (CBE)                                        ½ credit - 1st year Science

Physical Science B is designed for 1st year science students. It is not a lab science; however, students are exposed to the foundational concepts required for success in more advanced science courses. Topics covered include surface and underground water, plate tectonics, volcanoes, weathering and erosion, the atmosphere, the hydrosphere, the lithosphere, the sun, moon, stars, and constellations, and history of spaceflight.

Biology 1                                                ½ credit - 2nd year Lab Science

Prerequisite: 2 semesters of 1st year science

Biology 1 is a lab science course designed for 2nd year core science credit. Students are introduced to biology through topics such as a history of science, and the characteristics of life. Students also study the chemistry of life, cell theory, cell structure and function, cellular transport, cell growth and development, DNA / RNA, and genetics, including Mendelian genetics, Punnett squares, genes, and traits.  

Biology 2                                                ½ credit - 2nd year Lab Science

Prerequisite: Biology 1

Biology 2 is a lab science course designed for 2nd year core science credit. Students begin with a brief review of concepts explored in Biology 1. Students also study ecology, including biomes, food webs, population growth, and energy flow; evolution, including natural selection, phenotypes and genotypes in relation to an organism’s success, and relatedness among species; and cellular processes, including active and passive transport, photosynthesis, and cellular respiration.

Science

Anatomy & Physiology 1                                ½ credit each - 3rd year Lab Science

Prerequisites: 2 semesters of 1st year science, Biology 1, Biology 2

Anatomy & Physiology 1 is a lab science course designed for 3rd year core science credit. Students interested in health sciences are encouraged to complete both semesters of Anatomy & Physiology as their final year of science requirement for high school graduation. Students study the form and function of cells, body planes and cavities, the integumentary system of various animals, bones, joints, muscles, and tissue of the human body, the nervous system, and disorders associated with all of the topics examined.

Anatomy & Physiology 2                                ½ credit each - 3rd year Lab Science

Prerequisites: Anatomy & Physiology 1

Anatomy & Physiology 2 is a lab science course designed for 3rd year core science credit. Students interested in health sciences are encouraged to complete both semesters of Anatomy & Physiology as their final year of science requirement for high school graduation. Students study the cardiovascular system, the digestive system, the excretory system, the respiratory system, the reproductive system, and disorders associated with each system.  

Forensic Science 1 and 2                                ½ credit each - 3rd year Lab Science

Prerequisites: 2 semesters of 1st year science, Biology 1, Biology 2

Forensic Science is a two-semester lab science course designed for 3rd year core science credit. Students interested in criminal justice are encouraged to complete both semesters of Forensic Science as their final year of science requirement for high school graduation. Students develop critical thinking skills and become fluent in scientific method and reasoning. Laboratory investigations are an integral part of this course. Investigative, hands-on lab activities that address the high school inquiry standards are central to the understanding of the topics of this course. Students are introduced to the laboratory techniques of criminal investigators, and learn what methods they use in the criminal investigation process. Forensic science is a truly holistic science in that it combines many fields, with the crucial addition of legal standards and rules of evidence. The class is focused on hands-on activities that follow procedures used in the current criminal study field.

Social Studies

World History 1                                                        ½ credit - Social Studies

World History 1 blends world history and world geography to study and analyze the influence and evolution of institutions and government, economics, cultures, societies, religion and geography. Students study research skills for history, themes of history, Prehistoric people, world religions, Ancient Greece, Ancient Rome, Ancient China, the Fall of Rome, the Middle Ages, the Renaissance period, and the Reformation period.

World HIstory 2                                                        ½ credit - Social Studies

World History 2 blends world history and world geography to study and analyze the influence and evolution of institutions and government, economics, cultures, societies, religion and geography. Students study the Age of Revolution, including contrasting European governments, the French Revolution, Napoleonic Rule, and the global impact of European revolutions in Latin America; Early exploration and colonization of Asia and the Americas; the Industrial Revolution; the Age of Imperialism; WWI,  WWII, and the Cold War; and cultural and political events/developments that continue to shape the global community.

US / AZ History 1                                                        ½ credit - Social Studies

US/AZ History 1 will survey the people, motives, ideas, concepts and institutions which led to the colonization and development of the United States as a nation, with an inclusion of the social, political, economic and geographic factors in the growth of our nation.  Students study colonization & revolution, Westward expansion, and the Civil War & Reconstruction.

US / AZ History 1                                                        ½ credit - Social Studies

US/AZ History 2 will survey the people, motives, ideas, concepts and institutions which led to the colonization and development of the United States as a nation, with an inclusion of the social, political, economic and geographic factors in the growth of our nation.  Students study the Industrial Revolution, Immigration, the Progressive Era, Imperialism, World War I, the 1920’s, the Great Depression, World War II, the 1950’s, the Cold War, and Civil Rights.

Social Studies

Government                                                                ½ credit - Social Studies

Government is a one-semester course designed for 12th grade students, Government focuses on the foundations, structure, and functions of government, along with the rights and responsibilities of citizenship.  Emphasis is placed on the founding documents of the United States, including the Constitution, and on how the government functions at the local, state, national, and international levels.

Economics                                                                ½ credit - Social Studies

Economics is a one-semester course designed for 12th grade students. Broken into six units, students explore and analyze money, banking, and personal finance; foundations of economics, including scarcity and opportunity costs; market economies, including free enterprise systems and economic theories; supply and demand; governmental impacts on economies, including GDP, inflation, and fiscal policy; and global economics, including imports, exports, and international trade.


Elective Courses

Advanced Problem Solving                                                ½ credit - Elective

Advanced Problem Solving is a unique elective course designed for students who are scheduled to take the AZMerit test for Geometry or Algebra 2. This course takes a psychological approach to the process of solving problems, both real world and scripted problems as seen on standardized testing. Incorporating small group collaboration, the think-aloud model, and Socratic discussion, students will increase their awareness of critical thinking strategies available to them when solving various types of problems. The primary objective of Advanced Problem Solving is to help the student complete standardized math tests as confidently as possible. This course makes the assumption that students often are not lacking in mathematical instruction, but in an ability to effectively employ math knowledge with sound, critical thinking. This course may be repeated for additional elective credit.

Art Appreciation (CBE)                                                        ½ credit - Elective

The Art Appreciation course is a survey of painting, sculpture, architecture, and the elements of design. The history and art of past and present world cultures is introduced. The course is designed to enable students to identify, evaluate, and comprehend various forms and styles of art. The course also explores career opportunities in the various fields of art.

Basketball                                                                        ½ credit - Elective

This elective course will help students develop the following skills: passing, shooting, dribbling, and teamwork. Students must participate in after-school practices and games. A physical is also mandatory before participating in this course. This course may be repeated for additional elective credit.

Elective Courses

Business Foundations                                                        ½ credit - Elective

Business Foundations introduces students to the exciting and challenging world of business. Topics of study parallel those students might encounter throughout life as a consumer, worker or business owner, and citizen.The concepts taught will enhance consumer decision making skills, prepare students for future employment, and help them become a more effective citizen. Upon course completion, students will have gained a better understanding of important business concepts that will prepare them for future high school and college business courses and provide information they will need to know as a future consumer, and entrepreneur.

Career Essentials A (CBE)                                                        ½ credit - Elective

The Career Essentials course, part A, introduces students to the skills and knowledge that will help them become attractive employees, such as communication, teamwork, and taking direction. Students will also learn practical information for their first job, such as employment barriers, paycheck information, employee benefits, and the importance of creating a budget.

Career Essentials B (CBE)                                                        ½ credit - Elective

The Career Essentials course part B prepares students to deal with the various aspects of the job search such as resume writing, job interviewing, thank you letters, and prospective job offers. Students reflect on their experience, skills, and knowledge and identify areas in their overall presentation that are strengths as well as areas in which they need to improve in order to become stronger candidates for employment. Reflecting on long-term as well as short-term goals is also focused on in order to challenge students to think about the timing and opportunity for changing jobs or seeking a workplace opportunity.

English Standards                                                                ½ credit - Elective

This elective course, no longer offered, was a review and practice of the reading and writing standards outlined in the Arizona State Standards for 10th Grade English Language Arts. The objective of this course was to prepare students for AIMS Reading and AIMS Writing. This course could have been repeated for additional remediation before each AIMS testing session.

Elective Courses

Film History                                                                        ½ credit - Elective

Film History is designed to help students learn to analyze a wide array of films incorporating both written and verbal summaries and critiques. Students will acquire mastery of vocabulary and concepts pertaining specifically to film. Films used in this course range from silent films with Charlie Chaplin to iconic classics such as It Happened One Night, Citizen Kane, and The Godfather. Students also identify and discuss the cultural aspects of film regarding American history and the development of the film industry in the US.  

Film Studies                                                                        ½ credit - Elective

Film studies explores the elements of art in filmmaking, particularly the manipulation of these elements to produce a desired effect. Observation and discussion of such topics as light, sound, cinematography, and editing help students gain an understanding of intended audience reaction. Students develop an appreciation of what historical, technical, and societal elements filmmakers utilize with careful consideration to produce a desired viewing experience for the audience. Students will also deepen their reactions and responses to various types of film through written and verbal critiques.

Football                                                                        ½ credit - Elective

This Arizona Health Education Standards based elective course emphasizes teamwork, planning and strategy.  Students will develop the following skills:  eye-hand coordination, catching, passing, kicking, and blocking. This course may be repeated for additional elective credit.

Elective Courses

Foundations of Problem Solving                                                ½ credit - Elective

Foundations of Problem Solving is a unique elective course designed for students who are scheduled to take the AZMerit test for Algebra I or Geometry. Prior to August, 2015, it was intended for students scheduled to retake AIMS Math. This course takes a psychological approach to the process of solving problems, both real world and scripted problems as seen on standardized testing. Incorporating small group collaboration, the think-aloud model, and Socratic discussion, students will increase their awareness of critical thinking strategies available to them when solving various types of problems. This course makes the assumption that students often are not lacking in mathematical instruction, but in an ability to effectively employ math knowledge with sound, critical thinking. This course may be repeated for additional elective credit.

Health and Fitness (CBE)                                                        ½ credit - Elective

Health and Fitness is designed to encourage students to take an active role in personal health. This course provides students with information that will help them live a more healthy and productive life. The emphasis is on making healthy personal decisions and in getting the information needed to make those choices.

Journalism                                                                        ½ credit - Elective

This elective course is designed to introduce students to all facets of the journalist’s craft, including reporting, writing, design, graphics, photography, broadcast, and multimedia. Students actively collaborate to produce a school newspaper as well as an online literary magazine. This course may be repeated for additional elective credit.

Life Skills                                                                        ½ credit - Elective

This one-semester elective is designed for 9th and 10th grade students as well as older students with few credits but determined to stay on track for graduation. The activities and tasks of this course encourage students to develop a strong sense of self and develop social, decision-making, and problem-solving skills.  Students are challenged to think about and prepare for future educational and career plans.  They will also listen to and interact with various guest speakers from our community.

Elective Courses

Lifetime Fitness (CBE)                                                         ½ credit - Elective

This course is designed to teach students basic concepts of lifetime physical fitness and introduce students to a wide variety of options to stay physically active. This course will allow students to investigate public resources that are available for understanding fitness and accessing activities like hiking, kayaking, rock climbing, water sports, and skating sports. Topics such as nutrition, proper workout conditions, and sports injuries are also examined to encourage good decision making from onset to execution of fitness activities.

Math Foundations (offered B1/2014)                                        ½ credit - Elective

Math Foundations was a course designed for 9th and 10th grade students that introduced them to examining mathematical problems using Common Core strategies and technology. Offered before students attempted Algebra 1A or Geometry A, Math Foundations introduced students to working with AZMerit-type math problems on the computer via a blended learning environment using TenMarks, an educational web-based program made available to the students for the school year under an approved grant.

Math Standards                                                                ½ credit - Elective

This elective course, no longer offered, was a review and practice of the algebra and geometry concepts outlined in the Arizona State Standards for Mathematics for grades 9 & 10. The objective of this course was to prepare students for AIMS Mathematics. This course could have been repeated for additional remediation before each AIMS testing session.  

Multimedia                                                                ½ credit - Elective

In this elective course, students acquire knowledge of and experience in the proper and efficient use of previously written multimedia software packages. This course explores a wide range of applications, including (but not limited to) graphics, video/audio mixing, desktop publishing and other multimedia applications.

Elective Courses

Personal Finance A (CBE)                                                        ½ credit - Elective

In this introductory finance course, students learn basic principles of economics and best practices for managing their own finances. Students learn core skills in creating budgets, developing long-term financial plans to meet their goals, and making responsible choices about income and expenses.

Personal Finance B (CBE)                                                        ½ credit - Elective

In this introductory finance course, students gain a deeper understanding of capitalism and other systems so they can better understand their role in the economy of society. Students are inspired by experiences of finance professionals and stories of everyday people and the choices they make to manage their money.

Physical Health (CBE)                                                        ½ credit - Elective

The Health course is designed to encourage students to take an active role in personal health. Students will learn about a variety of health topics, including health risks, types of illnesses, functions of the major systems of the body, and health career options.

Strength and Conditioning I / II                                                ½ credit - Elective

This class concentrates on major gains in bench press, squats, dead lifts, and general strength and conditioning. Students must be able and willing to run, push automobiles, lift tractor tires, and do push-ups and pull-ups. Eligible students may opt to join the EDHS Wolverines Powerlifting team that competes in the NASA state tournaments in the fall and the NASA Western States National tournament in the spring. This class may be repeated for additional elective credit. Course I runs in the fall, from August through December. Course II runs in the spring, from January through May.

Elective Courses

Psychology of Achievement                                                ½ credit - Elective

This one-semester course is designed for 11th and 12th grade students. The goal of this course is to empower students to achieve their goals through the five-step circular Achievement Model process: planning, enabling, implementing, assessing, and driving. Focus on individual self-awareness, insight, and reflections is achieved through written and verbal tasks, along with examining examples of the journeys of popular role models who struggled through less-than-desirable beginnings/circumstances to achieve greatness in their respective fields.

                        

Social Topics in Health (CBE)                                                ½ credit - Elective

Social Topics in Health provides students with information that will help them live a more healthy and productive life. The emphasis is on making healthy personal decisions and in getting the information needed to make those choices. The course addresses both mental and physical health. Students learn about nutrition, eating disorders, substance abuse, teen driving, and the benefits of frequent physical exercise.

Strategies for Success(offered B1/2014)                                ½ credit - Elective

Strategies for Success was a course designed for 9th and 10th grade students that introduced them to examining language arts using Common Core strategies and technology. Offered before students attempted English 9A or English 10A, Strategies for Success introduced students to working with AZMerit-type reading and writing tasks on the computer via a blended learning environment using ThinkCERCA, an educational web-based program made available to the students for the school year under an approved grant.

                                                

Teacher Aide                                                                ½ credit - Elective

Students will serve as an assistant performing a variety of duties. Students may take this course for additional elective credit with administrator approval.

Elective Courses

US Geography (CBE)                                                        ½ credit - Elective

U.S. Geography introduces students to the study of geography and also covers the globe, map symbols, islands, landforms such as glaciers and hills, bodies of water, changing seasons, the Northeast and Middle Atlantic states, the Southeastern states, the Great Lakes region, the Plains region, the Southwestern states, the Mountain states, the Pacific states, the size, climate, characteristics, and settlers of all the regions, the Continental Divide, U.S. governed islands and territories, national landmarks such as the Appomattox Court House, Ellis Island, the Alamo, Niagara Falls, the Grand Canyon, and Yellowstone National Park.

Work Experience                                                                ½ credit - Elective

One-half unit of elective credit is given for 128 verifiable work hours.  Students who are employed must have their employer fill out a weekly student evaluation.  The form must be returned to the office to receive work experience credit.  The student must provide a copy of his/her pay stub in order to document hours claimed for credit.  This course may be repeated for up to 2 credits of elective courses.

World Geography A (CBE)                                                        ½ credit - Elective

World Geography A teaches students about the study of geography and the tools of geography. Other topic areas include continents, islands, mountains, valleys, bodies of water, lakes, oceans, eastern, southeastern, central, southern, western, and northern European countries, the United Kingdom, Wales, Scotland, Ireland, North America, Canada, the U.S., Mexico, Belize, the West Indies, South America, and Oceania.

World Geography B (CBE)                                                        ½ credit - Elective

World Geography B teaches students about the study of geography and the tools of geography. Other topic areas include continents, islands, mountains, valleys, bodies of water, lakes, oceans, Asia, Southeast Asia, Central and Northern Asia, the Middle East, Iran, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Oman, North Africa, West Africa, East Africa,and the Sahel.