The BAN – Beth Aharon Newsletter

Riverdale’s Sephardic Congregation @ The Riverdale Bayit - 3700 Henry Hudson Parkway, Bronx NY 10463

Shabbat Mishpatim shel Shalom from Beth Aharon:

February 2, 2019 | כ”ז שבט תשע"ט - Issue #5779: 21

Zəmanim & Services

Shabbat Məvarkhim

Parashat Mishpatim

2 February 2019 * 27 Shvat 5779

Candle Lighting - 4:55pm

Minḥa/Kabbalat-Shabbat/Arvit - 5:05pm

Shaḥarit - 8:30am

Latest Shəma - 9:38am

Kiddush - 11:25am

Parasha Limud - 4:15pm

Zohar - 4:35pm * Minḥa - 4:40pm

Shiur & Səuda Shəlishit - 4:50pm

Shəki’a - 5:14pm * Arvit - 5:54pm

Tset Hakokhavim /Havdala - 5:59pm


Regular Week Prayers (Tefilat Avraham)

Shaḥarit: Sun: 8:30am *  Mon/Thu: 6:40, 8:00am * Tue/Wed/Fri: 6:45, 8:00am

Minḥa/Arvit: Sun-Thu: 5:05pm

Picture of the Week

In the Beginning

Hosesh Adar Tov!

Rosh Ḥodesh Adar Alef is this coming Tuesday & Wednesday, April 5th and 6th, starting on Monday, April 4th at night. May we all have a Hodesh Tov.

This Shabbat & Beyond

This Shabbat: A community-wide Yachad Shabbaton 

***Erev Shabbat: Tefila @ 4:55pm @ Young Israel of Riverdale. Dinner at hosts; ***Oneg/Dessert @ 8:30pm @ The Bayit - All invited. ***Shabbat Morning: Tefila @ 8:45am @ RJC; ***Shabbat Lunch @ 12:00pm @ RJC - RSVP; ***Shabbat Afternoon: Mincha @ 4:00 PM @ The Bayit; ***Seudah Shlishit @ 4:25pm @ The Bayit - RSVP; Havdala @ 6:06pm @ The Bayit; ***Motsei Shabbat @ 7:15pm @ The Bayit - Drum Circle with Drum Cafe.

Tefilat Erev Shabbat @ 5:05pm @ Tefilat Avraham & Sara.

Shaḥarit @ 8:30am ● First Kadish: 8:55am ● Shəma‘ Yisrael: 9:10am - all kids participate! ● Youth Groups: See the Bayit Bulletin for all programs

Parasha: 9:45am ● Yimlokh: 10:40am - All kids are welcome to join!

Dvar Torah: 10:45am - Rav Dov Lerea

Kiddush: 11:55am - Potluck kiddush (dairy-parve) is sponsored by YOU. All processed foods must be store-sealed marked kosher. Special thanks to Talia Re and to Deborah & Rav Avraham Unger.

 Before Minḥa @ 4:15pm - Parsha Limud: Mishpatim @ 2BM.

After Minḥa Mila baParasha: Understanding a word in our parasha. This week "Acharei Rabim L'hatot - אַחִרֵי רַבִּים לְהַטֹת” - What does the phrase mean and should we follow the “rabim”? Basic (and love of) Hebrew is sufficient. At 2BM.

After Minḥa Daf baTalmud: Daf Yomi with Eli Oberstein on 3FL. Hullin.

After Minḥa Shiur baHayim: Shiur in English in the main sanctuary.

Condolences to the the Glicksman/Simons/Benichou family on the passing of Yaacov Dov ben Moshe Aaron ve Shoshana, zikhro livrakha.

Rəfuaa Shəlema to all the Bayit’s sick and to Israel’s injured bodies & souls. List on the back page.

Many Thanks to plant-based diet speaker Noa Tal, Rav Dov Lerea, organizer MJ Kanner, kiddush sponsors, the cholenters, and round-table discussion participants, for a beautiful vegan shabbat, last shabbat. Kol Hakavod to Tali Michaeli on completing it’s 5th year race in Chai Lifeline Miami Marathon.

 Happy Birthday to Barbara Lipshutz, Tamar Kairy, and... YOU!

More news on the back.

From the Rabbis and Beyond…

Rav Zvadia Cohen


פרשת משפטים- מדבר שקר תרחק

רבים בדורנו, חושבים וסבורים, כי "בלי לשקר אי אפשר להסתדר", כך הם חיים, עד שנעשה להם האיסור לשקר, כהיתר גמור. אך בפרשת השבוע התורה מלמדת אותנו:  "מִדְּבַר שֶׁקֶר תִּרְחָק וְנָקִי וְצַדִּיק אַל תַּהֲרֹג כִּי לֹא אַצְדִּיק רָשָׁע " (שמות, כג, ז). ובחומש ויקרא נאמר: "לֹא תִּגְנֹבוּ וְלֹא תְכַחֲשׁוּ וְלֹא תְשַׁקְּרוּ אִישׁ בַּעֲמִיתוֹ". (ויקרא, יט, יא).

גם בספר תהילים (פרק קא, ז) נאמר: "דֹּבֵר שְׁקָרִים לֹא יִכּוֹן לְנֶגֶד עֵינָי". ובספר ירמיה (פרק ט,  ד): "וְאִישׁ בְּרֵעֵהוּ יְהָתֵלּוּ וֶאֱמֶת לֹא יְדַבֵּרוּ לִמְּדוּ לְשׁוֹנָם דַּבֶּר שֶׁקֶר הַעֲוֵה נִלְאוּ".

במסכת סוטה ( דף מב ע"ב), אמרו רבותינו: "ארבע כתות לא מקבלים פני שכינה, כת ליצים, כת חנפנים, כת שקרנים, וכת מדברי לשון הרע".

הגמרא במסכת  יבמות (דף סג ע"א) מספרת על רב (האמורא הקדוש), שהייתה לו אשה שהיתה מצערת אותו. כאשר היה רב מבקש ממנה לאכול תבשיל מסוים, כגון תבשיל עדשים, הייתה מכינה לו תבשיל אחר, כגון תבשיל חיטים. כשבקש תבשיל חיטים, עשתה לו עדשים. וכל זאת בכוונה כדי לצערו. אמנם, הנהגתה היתה משונה.

היה לו לרב בן, ושמו חייא. כשכגדל הבן וראה את מה שאמו עושה לאביו, היה מקדים לשמוע מאביו מה הוא רוצה לאכול, ולאמו היה אומר להיפך. וכך אביו היה מקבל את האוכל שהוא רוצה באמת, וזאת מבלי שאביו ואמו ידעו כי הוא הפך את הדברים. לימים ראה האב כי טוב, ויאמר לבנו חייא: ברוך ה', אמא נעשתה אשה טובה, שהרי מבשלת היא לפי רצוני! חייך בנו חייא וגילה לאביו שהוא הופך את הדברים, כדי שיקבל האב את מה שלבו חפץ. אמר לו אביו, בכל זאת אל תעשה זאת שוב, שהרי יש בזה שקר, וכבר נאמר על כך בנביא, "למדו לשונם דבר שקר".

Daf Bite  –   טעם דף

Hullin 66a-b: Kosher Fish

The Torah teaches that in order for a fish to be kosher it must have fins (senapir) and scales (kaskeset – see Vayikra 11:9-12). This rule is stated both as a positive commandment (verse 9) and a negative commandment (verse 12).  Senapirim – fins – are bony protrusions that extend from the stomach of a fish on its side that serve as paddles for swimming. The other fins – on the top of the fish and on its tail – do not move. Kaskasim – scales – are flat protrusions on the fish’s skin that overlap one another like shingles. There are different types of scales that are unique to a given type of fish based on their shape, how they are connected to the body of the fish and so forth. Some fish – including certain types of tuna – lose their scales as they age, but remain kosher fish.

The Gemara on today’s daf quotes a Mishna from Massekhet Nidda (daf 51b) that teaches that all fish that have scales also have fins, but a fish might have fins, yet not have scales. Thus, if it has scales it will also have fins and it is a kosher fish; if it has fins without scales the fish is not kosher. According to Tosafot, this rule is a tradition handed down from the first man, Adam, who examined each and every living creature when he named them (see Bereishit 2:20) – or, perhaps, this is a tradition handed down from Moshe on Mount Sinai. (Daf Yomi from

Beth Aharon Annual Erev Shabbat Dinner, February 8

- Join Beth Aharon at our annual Erev-Shabbat Dinner at the Bayit’s Avraham & Sarah Tent on Erev-Shabbat Parashat Teruma, February 8 after Tefila, around 6:15 to 6:30. RSVP through Evite or email to

A Moment of BAN

Rhetoric is “the art of probing what men believe they ought to believe.”

- Literary critic Wayne Booth

The Weekly Riddle

What’s the difference between “global warming” and “climate change”?

 (Guess before you take a peek. The answer is on the back page.)

The Jewish Leap Year

Under the codified rules, the Jewish calendar is based on the Metonic cycle of 19 years, of which 12 are common years (12 months) and 7 leap years (13 months).

The leap years are years 3, 6, 8, 11, 14, 17, and 19 of the Metonic cycle. Year 19 (there is no year 0) of the Metonic cycle is a year exactly divisible by 19 (when the Jewish year number, when divided by 19, has no remainder). In the same manner, the remainder of the division indicates the year in the Metonic cycle (years 1 to 18) the year is in.

During leap years Adar I (or Adar Aleph — "first Adar") is added before the regular Adar. Adar I is actually considered to be the extra month, and has 30 days. Adar II (or Adar Bet — "second Adar") is the "real" Adar, and has the usual 29 days.

For this reason, holidays such as Purim are observed in Adar II, not Adar I. (


Time to Smile  

R: “I heard your son is getting an award...”

E: “Yes, it is very exciting!”

R: “Cool! Is it money?”

E: “Yes. I have to pay for him to get the award!”



Never laugh at your wife’s choices...

You are one of them!

On the Parasha & Beyond…

Parasha: Mishpatim - Shemot (Exodus)21:1-24:18

Historical Context: Bnei Israel's 40-year journey continues. Location: Against Har Sinai (Mount Sinai). Creation Time: 2448 (1476 bce). Moshe was born creation year 2368 (1556 bce) and leads Bnei Israel out of Egypt when he is 81 years old.

Parashort: Following the revelation at Sinai, G-d legislates a series of laws for Bnei Yisrael. G-d promises to bring the people of Israel to the Holy Land and warns them against assuming the pagan ways of its current inhabitants. Bnei Yisrael proclaim, "We will do and we will hear" all that God commands us. Leaving Aharon and Hur in charge in the Israelite camp, Moshe ascends Mount Sinai and remains there for forty days and forty nights.

Maftir: This week's Torah reading also includes Parshat Shekalim (Exodus 30:11-16), which speaks of the half-shekel each Jew contributed to the Sanctuary. (chabad)

Haftarat Mishpatim – Yirmiyahu (Jeremiah), 34: 8-22 & 33:25-26

Haftit: The Jews transgress the mitzvah of freeing their Hebrew servants.

Part 1: Jeremiah’s word of doom. This section establishes the setting: a royal proclamation by King Zedkiyah that all Hebrew slaves must be set free. After the initial compliance with this “covenant” the slaveholders violate the edict and force their compatriots back into slavery. This elicits the prophet’s condemnation. The previous episode is juxtaposed to the event at Mt. Sinai, when Hashem “made a covenant” with all of Israel to release its slaves every 7th year. The present revocation of manumission is deemed a profanation of Hashem’s name. The consequences of this breach of the slaves “release” are announced: those who have violated the “covenant” will be punished. Jerusalem and its inhabitants will be destroyed.

Part 2: The natural & supernatural. Hashem swears that as surely as He established a “covenant “with nature He will never reject the promises made to the descendants of the patriarchs. Israel will be restored in love. (haftorahman)

Connection to the Parasha: The first laws of Parshat Mishpatim deal with the Hebrew servant. The Jews had suffered in Egypt as slaves and they felt what slavery meant. Therefore, G-d expected the Jews to empathize with their servants; do not take advantage of a person when he’s down. The Haftarah speaks of a time when the Hebrew servant was being taken advantage of too much. (haftorahman)

Biblical Quiz - Mishpatim

Kids: How long was a Hebrew slave (servant) required to serve and when did he go free?

Adults: How Many Mitsvot do we have in our parasha?

Experts: How many imperative (ase) how many prohibitions (lo Ta’ase)?

Scholars: What were the names of Yeho’ash’s (יהואש) father, mother, and son?

Rabbis: What does G-d mean when He says you shall not utter a false report?

Speechless in the Parasha - Mishpatim

What does the Parasha tell us about equality in front of the law, between men and women, poor and rich, young and old noble-people and ordinary-people, rabbis and laypersons?

Ktav Parasha - Mishpatim: on shabbat and healing

Parashat Mishpatim - “רַק שִׁבְתּוֹ יִתֵּן וְרַפֹּא יְרַפֵּא.” If God forbid two people fight and one wounds the other, the hitting person is obligated to pay compensation for all the financial loss caused to the wounded person, all the time of his rest, the time in which he can not engage in regular activity.

The connection between the root "sh.b.t." and the root "r.f.a." hints to us about the Shabbat, that by observing the Shabbat and resting in it both physically and spiritually a healing comes upon us. May it be a Shabbat of rest. Shabbat shel Shalom. Tbs.

Rega’ shel Ivrit - רגע של עברית

"Don't throw the baby out with the bathwater" is an idiomatic expression for an avoidable error in which something good is eliminated when trying to get rid of something bad or not so good, or in other words, rejecting the favorable along with the unfavorable. A slightly different explanation suggests this flexible catchphrase has to do with discarding the essential while retaining the superfluous because of excessive zeal.

In Hebrew we say the idiom as “אַל תִשְפֹּךְ אֶת הַתִּינוֹק עִם הַמַּיִם - al tishpokh et hatinok ‘im hamayim.” (feminine form is tishpekhi).

This idiom derives from a German proverb, das Kind mit dem Bade ausschütten, and is traced to 1512.

During this period people did not have running water in the faucets and used to bath in tubs. The the father of the family was the first to wash in the tub while the water was still warm and clean. After him were the other men and boys in the house, then the women, then the girls and the end was the baby. Because the water was already so dirty by the baby bathing time, it was possible to lose things in them, hence the expression "Do not throw the baby along with the water."

A Parent Question

The kid say “mommy, my stomach hurts today...I want to stay home.” You look and check and the kid seems very fine. Should we be lenient and let stay home or non-compromising and send to school.

Riddle Solved

Both of the terms refer to two different physical phenomena. Global Warming refers to the long-term trend of a rising average global temperature while Climate Change refers to the changes in the global climate which result from the increasing average global temperature, such as changes in precipitation patterns, span of droughts, heat waves, cold waves, and other extreme weather, etc. There is a consensus that over the last century world average temperature increased by about 1 degree celsius. While the main causes are in dispute, high level of CO2 - carbon dioxide - emissions are a factor. All agree that carbon dioxide is not good for us - just try put you head in a chimney. However, good aspect of it is the greening of the world, as plants and trees eat co2 for breakfast, lunch and dinner. Nature Climate Change showed that the Earth has been getting greener over the past 30 years. As much as half of all vegetated land is greener today, and remarkably, only 4% of land has become browner. Whether it’s good or bad is in debate... just don’t forget to enjoy your day :)  

Community Board

This Week’s BAN is Sponsored By:

Things That Matter

Beth Aharon AḤVA Membership Campaign – 5779 שנת אחוה

In tribute to BA’s 20 Year Anniversary (Gematria: AḤVA=Friendship=אַחְוָה), we are inviting the community to join our 5779 Membership Campaign.  Demonstrate your “friendship” and support us by being a member. This year we are looking to raise funds for a new Aron Kodesh and comfortable blue chairs for the entire Kehila.  Your presence and membership greatly enhances our Beit Knesset and b’Ezrat Hashem our Tefillot. Shana Tova.


Support Congregation Beth Aharon! Thank you for joining tefilot @ Beth Aharon. Please support Beth Aharon. Mail donations, pledges, High Holidays 5779 and membership fees to: Beth Aharon/HIR, 3700 Henry Hudson Pkwy, Bronx, NY 10463.

Check our blog to donate online and for daily updates: Email:; Phone: 917-885-4714. Tizku Leshanim Rabot V’tovot!


Fill up your Shabbat and Holiday table by inviting friends and guests. Need a table? Contact us @ for help.


Sponsor the BAN Advertise your business and support Beth Aharon’s Newsletter. Place your business card for $36 per week; $252 for 17 weeks; or $576 for 52 weeks.


CSS (Community Security Service) - The best way to say “thank you” is to join the team. To volunteer and apply for a future training, inquire with one of the team members.


Substance Abuse & Addiction: Motsash Feb 2 @ 8:00p @ RJC. Rabbi Menachem Penner: ”Role of the Community; Lewis Abrams: “How to Talk to Parents, Family & Friends”; Rabbi Moshe Drelich: “Personal Reflection: When Addiction Hits Home”; Rabbi Zvi Gluck: ‘Moving Forward, Next Steps”


Beth Aharon-HIR Annual Guest Speaker Shabbat & Luncheon, March 2 with Rav Elie Abadie, MD - Join us for a Sephardi flavoured shabbat & luncheon as we explore the Sephardic world @ the BAyit on Shabbat Parashat Vayakhel, March 2. Luncheon is RSVP only. Details to follow.


Support Group and Education Program for Early Stage Memory Changes @ the Riverdale Y Senior Center. Support Group Dates: 3/22, 3/29, 4/5, 4/12, 5/3, 5/10, 5/17, 5/24; Education Program Dates: 3/22, 3/29, 4/5, 4/12; Time: 10:00a-11:30a; Door-to-door transportation available. Lunch provided daily. Contact: Worker Lydia Ecker @ 800-272-3900


Yeshivat Ashreinu Second Annual Scholarship Breakfast - Sunday Feb. 10th, 10am-11am @ the historic WeWork Bryant Ballroom - 54 West 40th Street, NYC. Torah Award: Jacob Hershkowitz; Chesed Award: Andrew Bergman; Erets Yisrael Award: Yoshi Gadasi; Details & Support:

Rav Question - שאלת רב

Why come to shul?





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Prayer for wellness

To Israel in captivity and Israel’s wounded bodies & souls; Reuven ben Aliza, Leah Channa bat Shifra, Yisrael Yair ben Yehudit Tzvia, Menachem ben Yehudit, Alisa bat Tsipora Malka, Yig’al ben Sulika, Rubin ben Abraham López and Ela, Adi ben Talia, Ya’akov ben Monavar, Shlomo ben Esther, Avraham Yair ben Alissa Sharon & Shmuel Dov, Naftali Yesha’ie Asheo ben Adina and Yosef Hayim, Sima bat Sionit and Sion, Shlomo ben Adina, Dov Yehuda ben Lea, Fortunee bat Na’ima Annette, Annela bat Elka, and all the sick.

Biblical Quiz: Answers - Mishpatim 

Kids: 6 years of service and at the 7th year he goes free.

Adults: Mishpatim contains fifty-three mitsvot

Experts:  23 Mitsvot are imperative commandments and 30 prohibitions.

Scholars: His father was Ahaziah, his mother was Z'via of Be’er Sheva, and his son was Amaziah.

Rabbis: You must not be an unrighteous witness, perverting justice (23:1).

In the Good News

The darshan Rav Meir Eliyahu said in his shiur that “an Ashkenazi who discriminated will come back a Sephardi in a gilgul.” The pretext was discrimination against sephardim in the Haredi education system. But let’s pause for a moment. What if this principle applies also in relationships? You are really at odds with someone, then you will become this person in the next gilgul. Wait a second, is this good news???

Congregation Beth Aharon is Riverdale’s Sephardic Orthodox Congregation, located at the Riverdale Bayit (HIR) Bronx, NY. We welcome all worshipers regardless of eda or level of observance. Our congregants take an active-leading role in Tefila and Kria’at haTorah.