MATH  GRADE 1 Page of
Units: Unit 1: Add and Subtract Within 10 Unit 2: Add and Subtract Within 20 Unit 3: Place Value, Measurement & Shapes Unit 4: Reason with Shapes & Their Attributes 
Unit Title  Unit 1: Add and Subtract Within 10  Timeframe  40 Days 
Unit Summary  SWBAT represent and solve problems involving addition and subtraction through collaboration in small group activities and center work. They will communicate their understanding and creatively apply properties of operations and the relationship between addition and subtraction. They will use problem solving skills to add and subtract within 10 to solve problems, including word problems involving situations of adding to, taking from, putting together, taking apart and comparing with unknown in all positions. Students will be able to count, read and write numbers to 100. Students will relate extended counting sequences to addition and subtraction strategies. Throughout the unit, students will be introduced to and utilize critical thinking strategies to make sense of problems and to persevere in solving them. (CRP8) Explain the importance of addition and subtraction in the everyday world. (9.2.4.A.4) Students will communicate clearly and effectively their problem solving strategies and reasonings. (CRP4). Technology will be utilized to enhance student learning and productivity. (CRP11) Topic 1 Solve Addition and Subtraction problems to 10 Topic 2 Develop fluency: addition and subtraction facts within 10 Topic 5Work with addition and subtraction equations. Topic 7 Extend the counting sequence.  
Learning Targets  
Essential Questions  Topic 1 What are ways to think about addition and subtraction? Topic 2 What Strategies can you use while adding and subtracting? Topic 5 How can adding and subtracting help you solve or complete equations? Topic 7 How can you use what you already know about counting to count past 100?  
Enduring Understandings  Students will understand:
 
Know  By the end of this unit, students will know:
 
Do  By the end of this unit, students will be able to:
 
Evidence of Learning  
Formative 
 
Summative/ Benchmark 
 
Alternative Assessments 
 
Learning Activities  
 
Materials / Equipment / Resources  
Core Instructional Materials and Texts  enVisionmath 2.0 ( Hardcopy and electronic edition)
Google Classroom  
Equipment  Chromebooks Smartboards Math Centers  
Supplemental Resources  1.OA.B.4 Cave Game Subtraction 1.OA.D.7 Equality Number Sentences 1.OA.D.8 Kiri's Mathematics Match Game 1.NBT.A.1 Hundred Chart Digit Game 
Standards  
Content Statement  Mathematical Practice Standards  
 MP.1 Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them. MP.2 Reason abstractly and quantitatively. MP.3 Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others. MP.4 Model with mathematics. MP.5 Use appropriate tools strategically. MP.8 Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning.  
(Students need not use formal terms for these properties) *(benchmarked)  MP.2 Reason abstractly and quantitatively. MP.7 Look for and make use of structure. MP.8 Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning.  
For example, subtract 10  8 by finding the number that makes 10 when added to 8  MP.2 Reason abstractly and quantitatively. MP.7 Look for and make use of structure. MP.8 Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning.  
 MP.2 Reason abstractly and quantitatively. MP.7 Look for and make use of structure.  
For example, which of the following equations are true and which are false? 6 = 6, 7 = 8  1, 5 + 2 = 2 + 5, 4 + 1 = 5 + 2.  MP.2 Reason abstractly and quantitatively. MP.3 Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others. MP.6 Attend to precision. MP.7 Look for and make use of structure.  
For example, determine the unknown number that makes the equation true in each of the equations 8 + ? = 11, 5 = _  3, 6 + 6 = _. *(benchmarked)  MP.2 Reason abstractly and quantitatively. MP.6 Attend to precision. MP.7 Look for and make use of structure.  
 MP.2 Reason abstractly and quantitatively. MP.7 Look for and make use of structure. MP.8 Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning.  
21st Century Skills and Themes  
Interdisciplinary Connections  Career Ready Practices  9.2 Career Awareness, Exploration, and Preparation 
 DELETE OUT THOSE NOT APPLICABLE TO THIS UNIT
 DELETE OUT THOSE NOT APPLICABLE TO THIS UNIT By the end of 4th grade,

Technology Standards  8.1  
K2 Grade  
A. Technology Operations and Concepts: Students demonstrate a sound understanding of technology concepts, systems and operations.  
 8.1.2.A.1 Identify the basic features of a digital device and explain its purpose.
 
 8.1.2.A.2. Create a document using a word processing application.  
8.1.2.A.3 Compare the common uses of at least two different digital applications and identify the advantages and disadvantages of using each.  
8.1.2.A.4 Demonstrate developmentally appropriate navigation skills in virtual environments (i.e. games, museums).  
8.1.2.A.5 Enter information into a spreadsheet and sort the information.  
8.1.2.A.6 Identify the structure and components of a database.  
8.1.2.A.7 Enter information into a database or spreadsheet and filter the information.  
B. Creativity and Innovation: Students demonstrate creative thinking, construct knowledge and develop innovative products and process using technology.  
 8.1.2.B.1 Illustrate and communicate original ideas and stories using multiple digital tools and resources.  
C. Communication and Collaboration: Students use digital media and environments to communicate and work collaboratively, including at a distance, to support individual learning and contribute to the learning of others.  
 8.1.2.C.1 Engage in a variety of developmentally appropriate learning activities with students in other classes, schools, or countries using various media formats such as online collaborative tools, and social media.  
D. Digital Citizenship: Students understand human, cultural, and societal issues related to technology and practice legal and ethical behavior.  
 8.1.2.D.1 Develop an understanding of ownership of print and nonprint information.  
E: Research and Information Fluency: Students apply digital tools to gather, evaluate, and use information.  
 8.1.2.E.1 Use digital tools and online resources to explore a problem or issue.
 
F: Critical thinking, problem solving, and decision making: Students use critical thinking skills to plan and conduct research, manage projects, solve problems, and make informed decisions using appropriate digital tools and resources.  
 8.1.2.F.1 Use geographic mapping tools to plan and solve problems. 
Modifications/Accommodations (IEPs, ELLs, 504s, G/T & BASIC SKILLS)  

Unit Title  Unit 2: Add and Subtract Within 20  Timeframe  40 days 
Unit Summary  SWBAT represent and solve problems involving addition and subtraction through collaboration in small group activities and center work. They will communicate their understanding and creatively apply properties of operations and the relationship between addition and subtraction. They will use problem solving skills to add and subtraction within 20 using various strategies: counting on, making ten, composing, decomposing, relationship between addition and subtraction, and creating equivalent but easier or known sums. Students will relate extended counting sequences to addition and subtraction strategies. Throughout the unit, students will be introduced to and utilize critical thinking strategies to make sense of problems and to persevere in solving them. (CRP8) Students will explain the importance of addition and subtraction in the everyday world. (9.2.4.A.4) Students will employ valid and reliable research strategies while collecting, representing and interpreting data. (CRP7) Students will compose and decompose numbers to 20 to identify the value of the number in the tens and one place . They will use this knowledge to compare numbers and solve addition and subtraction problems. Students will communicate clearly and effectively their problem solving strategies and reasonings. (CRP4). Technology will be utilized to enhance student learning and productivity. (CRP11) Explain the importance of addition and subtraction in the everyday world. (9.2.4.A.4) Topic 3 Addition Facts to 20: Use Strategies Topic 4 Subtraction Facts within 20: Use Strategies Topic 5Work with addition and subtraction equations. Topic 6 Represent and interpret data Topic 7 Extend the counting sequence. Topic 8 Understand place value Topic 9 Compare 2 digit numbers  
Learning Targets  
Essential Questions  Topic 3 What strategies can you use for adding to 20? Topic 4 What strategies can you use while subtracting? Topic 5 How can adding and subtracting help you solve or complete equations? Topic 6 What are some ways you can collect, show, and understand data? Topic 7 How can you use what you already know about counting to count past 100? Topic 8 How can you count and add using tens and one? Topic 9 What are ways to compare numbers to 120?  
Enduring Understandings  Students will understand:
 
Know  By the end of this unit, students will know:
 
Do  By the end of this unit, students will be able to:
 
Evidence of Learning  
Formative 
 
Summative/ Benchmark 
 
Alternative Assessments 
 
Learning Activities  
 
Materials / Equipment / Resources  
Core Instructional Materials and Texts  enVisionmath 2.0 ( Hardcopy and electronic edition)
Google Classroom  
Equipment  Chromebooks Smartboards Math Centers  
Supplemental Resources 
Standards  
Content Statement  Mathematical Practice Standards  
 MP.1 Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them. MP.2 Reason abstractly and quantitatively. MP.3 Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others. MP.4 Model with mathematics. MP.5 Use appropriate tools strategically. MP.8 Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning.  
For example, which of the following equations are true and which are false? 6 = 6, 7 = 8  1, 5 + 2 = 2 + 5, 4 + 1 = 5 + 2. *(benchmarked)  MP.2 Reason abstractly and quantitatively. MP.3 Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others. MP.6 Attend to precision. MP.7 Look for and make use of structure.  
For example, determine the unknown number that makes the equation true in each of the equations 8 + ? = 11, 5 = _  3, 6 + 6 = _. *(benchmarked)  MP.2 Reason abstractly and quantitatively. MP.6 Attend to precision. MP.7 Look for and make use of structure.  
 MP.2 Reason abstractly and quantitatively. MP.7 Look for and make use of structure. MP.8 Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning.  
*(benchmarked)  MP.2 Reason abstractly and quantitatively. MP.7 Look for and make use of structure. MP.8 Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning.  
 MP.1 Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them. MP.2 Reason abstractly and quantitatively. MP.3 Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others. MP.4 Model with mathematics. MP.5 Use appropriate tools strategically. MP.8 Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning.  
 MP.2 Reason abstractly and quantitatively. MP.3 Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others. MP.4 Model with mathematics. MP.5 Use appropriate tools strategically. MP.6 Attend to precision.  
1.NBT.B.2. a. 10 can be thought of as a bundle of ten ones — called a "ten." 1.NBT.B.2. b. The numbers from 11 to 19 are composed of a ten and one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, or nine ones.  MP.2 Reason abstractly and quantitatively. MP.7 Look for and make use of structure. MP.8 Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning.  
 MP.2 Reason abstractly and quantitatively. MP.6 Attend to precision. MP.7 Look for and make use of structure. MP.8 Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning.  
*(benchmarked)  MP.2 Reason abstractly and quantitatively. MP.7 Look for and make use of structure. MP.8 Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning.  
21st Century Skills and Themes  
Interdisciplinary Connections  Career Ready Practices  9.2 Career Awareness, Exploration, and Preparation 
 DELETE OUT THOSE NOT APPLICABLE TO THIS UNIT
 DELETE OUT THOSE NOT APPLICABLE TO THIS UNIT By the end of 4th grade,

Technology Standards  8.1  
K2 Grade  
A. Technology Operations and Concepts: Students demonstrate a sound understanding of technology concepts, systems and operations.  
 8.1.2.A.1 Identify the basic features of a digital device and explain its purpose.
 
 8.1.2.A.2. Create a document using a word processing application.  
8.1.2.A.3 Compare the common uses of at least two different digital applications and identify the advantages and disadvantages of using each.  
8.1.2.A.4 Demonstrate developmentally appropriate navigation skills in virtual environments (i.e. games, museums).  
8.1.2.A.5 Enter information into a spreadsheet and sort the information.  
8.1.2.A.6 Identify the structure and components of a database.  
8.1.2.A.7 Enter information into a database or spreadsheet and filter the information.  
B. Creativity and Innovation: Students demonstrate creative thinking, construct knowledge and develop innovative products and process using technology.  
 8.1.2.B.1 Illustrate and communicate original ideas and stories using multiple digital tools and resources.  
C. Communication and Collaboration: Students use digital media and environments to communicate and work collaboratively, including at a distance, to support individual learning and contribute to the learning of others.  
 8.1.2.C.1 Engage in a variety of developmentally appropriate learning activities with students in other classes, schools, or countries using various media formats such as online collaborative tools, and social media.  
D. Digital Citizenship: Students understand human, cultural, and societal issues related to technology and practice legal and ethical behavior.  
 8.1.2.D.1 Develop an understanding of ownership of print and nonprint information.  
E: Research and Information Fluency: Students apply digital tools to gather, evaluate, and use information.  
 8.1.2.E.1 Use digital tools and online resources to explore a problem or issue.
 
F: Critical thinking, problem solving, and decision making: Students use critical thinking skills to plan and conduct research, manage projects, solve problems, and make informed decisions using appropriate digital tools and resources.  
 8.1.2.F.1 Use geographic mapping tools to plan and solve problems. 
Modifications/Accommodations (IEPs, ELLs, 504s, G/T & BASIC SKILLS)  

Unit Title  Unit 3: Place Value, Measurement & Shapes  Timeframe  40 days 
Unit Summary  SWBAT compose and decompose numbers to 90 into tens, identifying the value of the number in the tens and one place. Students will add a 2 digit number and 1 digit number, and a multiple of 10 using concrete models and drawings with a place value strategy or properties of operations; explain or show how the model relates to the strategy (sums within 100). Students will communicate ways to find 2 digit numbers, how to find 10 more or 10 less than the number without having to count. Students will subtract a multiple of 10 from a multiple of 10 using concrete models and drawings with a place value strategy or properties of operations. Students will communicate or creatively show how the model relates to the strategies. Students will collaborate and use critical thinking skills to order three objects by length and compare the lengths of 2 objects by using the third object. Students will tell time to the half hour using analog and digital clocks. They will use problem solving skills to add and subtraction within 20 using various strategies: counting on, making ten, composing, decomposing, relationship between addition and subtraction, and creating equivalent but easier or known sums. Students will communicate clearly and effectively their problem solving strategies and reasonings. (CRP4). Technology will be utilized to enhance student learning and productivity. (CRP11) Explain the importance of the skills in this unit and how they apply to the everyday world. (9.2.4.A.4) Topic 9 Compare 2 digit numbers. Topic 10 Use models and strategies to add with tens and ones. Topic 11 Use models and strategies to subtract tens Topic 12 Measure lengths Topic 13 Time  
Learning Targets  
Essential Questions  Topic 9 What are ways to compare numbers to 120? Topic 10 What are ways to use tens and ones to add? Topic 11 How can I use what I know about subtraction to subtract tens? Topic 12 What are ways to measure how long an object is? Topic 13 What are different ways to tell time?  
Enduring Understandings  Students will understand:
 
Know  By the end of this unit, students will know:
 
Do  By the end of this unit, students will be able to:
within the range 1090).
range 1090).
 
Evidence of Learning  
Formative 
 
Summative/ Benchmark 
 
Alternative Assessments 
 
Learning Activities  
 
Materials / Equipment / Resources  
Core Instructional Materials and Texts  enVisionmath 2.0 ( Hardcopy and electronic edition)
Google Classroom  
Equipment  Chromebooks Smartboards Math Centers  
Supplemental Resources  1.NBT.C.4 Ford and Logan Add 45+36 
Standards  
Content Statement  Mathematical Practice Standards  
1.NBT.B.2.c. The numbers 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90 refer to one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, or nine tens (and 0 ones). *(benchmarked)  MP.2 Reason abstractly and quantitatively. MP.7 Look for and make use of structure. MP.8 Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning.  
 MP.2 Reason abstractly and quantitatively. MP.3 Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others. MP.4 Model with mathematics. MP.7 Look for and make use of structure. MP.8 Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning.  
 MP.2 Reason abstractly and quantitatively. MP.3 Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others. MP.7 Look for and make use of structure.  
 MP.2 Reason abstractly and quantitatively. MP.3 Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others. MP.4 Model with mathematics. MP.5 Use appropriate tools strategically MP.7 Look for and make use of structure  
 MP.6 Attend to precision. MP.7 Look for and make use of structure.  
Limit to contexts where the object being measured is spanned by a whole number of length units with no gaps or overlaps.  MP.6 Attend to precision. MP.7 Look for and make use of structure.  
 MP.6 Attend to precision. MP.7 Look for and make use of structure.  
 MP.2 Reason abstractly and quantitatively. MP.7 Look for and make use of structure. MP.8 Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning.  
21st Century Skills and Themes  
Interdisciplinary Connections  Career Ready Practices  9.2 Career Awareness, Exploration, and Preparation 
 DELETE OUT THOSE NOT APPLICABLE TO THIS UNIT
 DELETE OUT THOSE NOT APPLICABLE TO THIS UNIT By the end of 4th grade,

Technology Standards  8.1  
K2 Grade  
A. Technology Operations and Concepts: Students demonstrate a sound understanding of technology concepts, systems and operations.  
 8.1.2.A.1 Identify the basic features of a digital device and explain its purpose.
 
 8.1.2.A.2. Create a document using a word processing application.  
8.1.2.A.3 Compare the common uses of at least two different digital applications and identify the advantages and disadvantages of using each.  
8.1.2.A.4 Demonstrate developmentally appropriate navigation skills in virtual environments (i.e. games, museums).  
8.1.2.A.5 Enter information into a spreadsheet and sort the information.  
8.1.2.A.6 Identify the structure and components of a database.  
8.1.2.A.7 Enter information into a database or spreadsheet and filter the information.  
B. Creativity and Innovation: Students demonstrate creative thinking, construct knowledge and develop innovative products and process using technology.  
 8.1.2.B.1 Illustrate and communicate original ideas and stories using multiple digital tools and resources.  
C. Communication and Collaboration: Students use digital media and environments to communicate and work collaboratively, including at a distance, to support individual learning and contribute to the learning of others.  
 8.1.2.C.1 Engage in a variety of developmentally appropriate learning activities with students in other classes, schools, or countries using various media formats such as online collaborative tools, and social media.  
D. Digital Citizenship: Students understand human, cultural, and societal issues related to technology and practice legal and ethical behavior.  
 8.1.2.D.1 Develop an understanding of ownership of print and nonprint information.  
E: Research and Information Fluency: Students apply digital tools to gather, evaluate, and use information.  
 8.1.2.E.1 Use digital tools and online resources to explore a problem or issue.
 
F: Critical thinking, problem solving, and decision making: Students use critical thinking skills to plan and conduct research, manage projects, solve problems, and make informed decisions using appropriate digital tools and resources.  
 8.1.2.F.1 Use geographic mapping tools to plan and solve problems. 
Modifications/Accommodations (IEPs, ELLs, 504s, G/T & BASIC SKILLS)  

Unit Title  Unit 4: Reason with Shapes & Their Attributes  Timeframe  40 days 
Unit Summary  SWBAT name, build and draw the attributes of a given 2 dimensional shape, distinguishing between defining and nondefining attributes. They will create a composite shape by composing 2 dimensional shapes for 3 dimensional shapes and compose new shapes from the composite shape. Students will identify and create equal shares using halves, fourths/quarters. Students will use addition and subtraction within 20 to solve problems, including word problems involving situations of adding to, taking from, putting together, taking apart, and comparing with unknowns in all positions. They will use problem solving skills to add and subtraction within 20 using various strategies: counting on, making ten, composing, decomposing, relationship between addition and subtraction, and creating equivalent but easier or known sums. Students will count to 120 orally, read and write numerals, and write numerals to represent the number of objects. Students will add a 2 digit number and 1 digit number, and a multiple of 10 using concrete models and drawings with a place value strategy or properties of operations; explain or show how the model relates to the strategy (sums within 100). Students will communicate clearly and effectively their problem solving strategies and reasonings. (CRP4). Technology will be utilized to enhance student learning and productivity. (CRP11) Explain the importance of the skills in this unit and how they apply to the everyday world. (9.2.4.A.4) Topic 7 Extend the counting sequence. Topic 8 Understand place value Topic 10 Use models and strategies to add with tens and ones. Topic 11 Use models and strategies to subtract tens Topic 14 Reason with shapes and their attributes Topic 15 Equal shares of circles and rectangles  
Learning Targets  
Essential Questions  Topic 7 How can you use what you already know about counting to count past 100? Topic 8 How can you count and add using tens and one? Topic 10 What are ways to use tens and ones to add? Topic 11 How can I use what I know about subtraction to subtract tens? Topic 14 How can you define shapes and compose new shapes? Topic 15 What are some names for equal shares?  
Enduring Understandings  Students will understand:
 
Know  By the end of this unit, students will know:
 
Do  By the end of this unit, students will be able to:
quartercircles).
cylinders).
 
Evidence of Learning  
Formative 
 
Summative/ Benchmark 
 
Alternative Assessments 
 
Learning Activities  
 
Materials / Equipment / Resources  
Core Instructional Materials and Texts  enVisionmath 2.0 ( Hardcopy and electronic edition)
Google Classroom  
Equipment  Chromebooks Smartboards Math Centers  
Supplemental Resources 
Standards  
Content Statement  Mathematical Practice Standards  
 MP.3 Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others. MP.4 Model with mathematics. MP.7 Look for and make use of structure.  
 MP.4 Model with mathematics. MP.7 Look for and make use of structure.  
 MP.2 Reason abstractly and quantitatively. MP.3 Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others. MP.6 Attend to precision. MP.4 Model with mathematics. MP.7 Look for and make use of structure.  
 MP.1 Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them. MP.2 Reason abstractly and quantitatively. MP.3 Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others. MP.4 Model with mathematics. MP.5 Use appropriate tools strategically. MP.8 Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning.  
 MP.2 Reason abstractly and quantitatively. MP.7 Look for and make use of structure. MP.8 Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning.  
 MP.2 Reason abstractly and quantitatively. MP.7 Look for and make use of structure. MP.8 Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning.  
 MP.2 Reason abstractly and quantitatively. MP.3 Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others. MP.4 Model with mathematics. MP.7 Look for and make use of structure. MP.8 Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning.  
21st Century Skills and Themes  
Interdisciplinary Connections  Career Ready Practices  9.2 Career Awareness, Exploration, and Preparation

 DELETE OUT THOSE NOT APPLICABLE TO THIS UNIT
 DELETE OUT THOSE NOT APPLICABLE TO THIS UNIT By the end of 4th grade,

Technology Standards  8.1  
K2 Grade  
A. Technology Operations and Concepts: Students demonstrate a sound understanding of technology concepts, systems and operations.  
 8.1.2.A.1 Identify the basic features of a digital device and explain its purpose.
 
 8.1.2.A.2. Create a document using a word processing application.  
8.1.2.A.3 Compare the common uses of at least two different digital applications and identify the advantages and disadvantages of using each.  
8.1.2.A.4 Demonstrate developmentally appropriate navigation skills in virtual environments (i.e. games, museums).  
8.1.2.A.5 Enter information into a spreadsheet and sort the information.  
8.1.2.A.6 Identify the structure and components of a database.  
8.1.2.A.7 Enter information into a database or spreadsheet and filter the information.  
B. Creativity and Innovation: Students demonstrate creative thinking, construct knowledge and develop innovative products and process using technology.  
 8.1.2.B.1 Illustrate and communicate original ideas and stories using multiple digital tools and resources.  
C. Communication and Collaboration: Students use digital media and environments to communicate and work collaboratively, including at a distance, to support individual learning and contribute to the learning of others.  
 8.1.2.C.1 Engage in a variety of developmentally appropriate learning activities with students in other classes, schools, or countries using various media formats such as online collaborative tools, and social media.  
D. Digital Citizenship: Students understand human, cultural, and societal issues related to technology and practice legal and ethical behavior.  
 8.1.2.D.1 Develop an understanding of ownership of print and nonprint information.  
E: Research and Information Fluency: Students apply digital tools to gather, evaluate, and use information.  
 8.1.2.E.1 Use digital tools and online resources to explore a problem or issue.
 
F: Critical thinking, problem solving, and decision making: Students use critical thinking skills to plan and conduct research, manage projects, solve problems, and make informed decisions using appropriate digital tools and resources.  
 8.1.2.F.1 Use geographic mapping tools to plan and solve problems. 
Modifications/Accommodations (IEPs, ELLs, 504s, G/T & BASIC SKILLS)  
