Fifth-Grade Learning Outcomes - Fourth Grading Period

This document highlights the focus standards for each grading period. Teachers may choose to review previously taught standards as well.

Language Arts - Reading

Expands vocabulary

  • Use knowledge of roots, affixes, synonyms, antonyms and homophones
  • Identify an author’s use of figurative language
  • Use dictionary, glossary, thesaurus, and other word-reference materials
  • Develop vocabulary by listening to and reading a variety of texts
  • Study word meanings across content areas

Demonstrates comprehension of fictional texts, narrative nonfiction and poetry

  • Describe the development of plot and explain the resolution of conflict
  • Describe how an author’s choice of vocabulary contributes to the author’s style
  • Identify and ask questions that clarify various points of view
  • Identify main idea
  • Summarize supporting details from text
  • Draw conclusions and make inferences from text
  • Use reading strategies throughout the reading process to monitor comprehension
  • Read with fluency and accuracy

Demonstrates comprehension of nonfiction texts

  • Use text organizers, such as type, headings and graphics, to predict and categorize information in both print and digital texts
  • Identify structural patterns found in nonfiction
  • Locate information to support opinions, predictions, and conclusions
  • Differentiate between fact and opinion
  • Identify new information gained from reading
  • Use reading strategies throughout the reading process to monitor comprehension
  • Read with fluency and accuracy

Language Arts - Writing

MODE - Persuasive

Writes for a variety of purposes

  • Identify intended audience
  • Use a variety of prewriting strategies
  • Organize information to convey a central idea
  • Write a clear topic sentence focusing on the main idea
  • Write multi-paragraph compositions
  • Use precise and descriptive vocabulary to create tone and voice
  • Vary sentence structure by using transition words
  • Revise for clarity of content using specific vocabulary and information
  • Include supporting details that elaborate the main idea

Edits writing for correct grammar, capitalization, spelling, punctuation, sentence structure and paragraphing

  • Use a hyphen to divide words at the end of a line
  • Edit for fragments and run-on sentences
  • Use correct spelling of commonly used words
  • Identify and use conjunctions

Finds, evaluates and selects appropriate resources for a research product

  • Construct questions about a topic
  • Collect information from multiple resources including online, print, and media
  • Use technology as a tool to research, organize, evaluate, and communicate information
  • Organize information presented on charts, maps, and graphs
  • Develop notes that include important concepts, summaries, and identification of information sources
  • Give credit to sources used in research

Demonstrates growth in word study knowledge and applies it to writing


The 2017-18 year is a crosswalk year for grades 3-5 math as both the 2009 and the 2016 VDOE standards will be taught. The asterisk (*) indicates a new 2016 standard that will be field tested on the SOL test this year, so it will be not be part of the student's overall SOL score.

Number and number sense

Computation and estimation



Probability and Statistics

Patterns, Functions, and Algebra


Scientific investigation/reasoning/logic

Force, motion, energy and matter

Social Studies

Asian geography, history and culture