Fourth-Grade Learning Outcomes - Fourth Grading Period

This document highlights the focus standards for each grading period. Teachers may choose to review previously taught standards as well.

Language Arts - Reading

Expands vocabulary

  • Use context to clarify meanings of unfamiliar words
  • Use knowledge of roots, affixes, synonyms, antonyms and homophones
  • Use word-reference materials, including the glossary, dictionary and thesaurus
  • Develop vocabulary by listening to and reading a variety of texts
  • Use vocabulary from other content areas

Demonstrates comprehension of fictional texts, narrative nonfiction and poetry

  • Describe how the choice of language, setting, characters and information contributes to the author’s purpose
  • Summarize supporting information
  • Draw conclusions/make inferences about text
  • Identify cause and effect relationships
  • Use reading strategies throughout the reading process to monitor comprehension
  • Read with fluency and accuracy

Demonstrates comprehension of  nonfiction texts

  • Use text structures, such as type, headings and graphics, to predict and categorize information in both print and digital texts
  • Summarize supporting details
  • Draw conclusions and make simple inferences using textual information as support
  • Distinguish between cause and effect relationships
  • Identify new information gained from reading
  • Use reading strategies throughout the reading process to monitor comprehension
  • Read with fluency and accuracy

Language Arts - Writing

MODE – Informative: explanatory


Writes for a variety of purposes

  • Identify intended audience
  • Focus on one aspect of a topic
  • Use a variety of prewriting strategies
  • Organize writing to convey a central idea
  • Recognize different modes of writing have different patterns of organization
  • Write a clear topic sentence focusing on the main idea
  • Write two or more related paragraphs on the same topic
  • Use transition words for sentence variety
  • Utilize elements of style, including word choice and sentence variation
  • Revise writing for clarity of content using specific vocabulary and information
  • Include supporting details that elaborate the main idea

Edits writing for correct grammar, capitalization, spelling, punctuation, sentence structure and paragraphing

  • Use subject-verb agreement
  • Eliminate double negatives
  • Use noun-pronoun agreement
  • Use correct spelling for frequently used words, including homophones

Demonstrates comprehension of information resources to research a topic

  • Collect information from multiple resources including online, print and media
  • Use technology as a tool to organize, evaluate and communicate information
  • Give credit to sources used in research

Demonstrates growth in word study knowledge and applies it to writing


The 2017-18 year is a crosswalk year for grades 3-5 math as both the 2009 and the 2016 VDOE standards will be taught. The asterisk (*) indicates a new 2016 standard that will be field tested on the SOL test this year, so it will be not be part of the student's overall SOL score.

Number and number sense

Computation and estimation



Probability and statistics

Patterns, functions and algebra


Scientific investigation/reasoning/logic

Life Processes and Living Systems

Social Studies