The BAN – Beth Aharon Newsletter

Riverdale’s Sephardic Congregation @ The Riverdale Bayit - 3700 Henry Hudson Parkway, Bronx NY 10463

Shabbat Ḥazon Devarim of Shalom from Beth Aharon @ the Riverdale Bayit:

August 10, 2019 | ט’ אב תשע"ט - Issue #5779: 46

Zəmanim & Services

Shabbat Ḥazon * Parashat Dəvarim

10 August 2019 * 9 Av 5779

Earliest Candle Lighting: 6:33pm

Minḥa/Kabbalat-Shabbat/Arvit - 7:00pm

Candle Lighting - 7:44pm

Shaḥarit - 8:30am * Latest Shəma - 9:30am

Kiddush - 11:25am

Parasha Limud - NA

Zohar - 5:25pm * Minḥa - 5:30pm

Se’uda Shelishit - at home

Shəki’a & Fast Begins:- 8:01pm

Tset Hakokhavim / Havdala - 8:46pm

 Arvit - 9:10pm

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Regular Week Prayers (Tefilat Avraham)

Shaḥarit: Sun: 8:30am *  Mon/Thu: 6:40, 8:00am * Tue/Wed/Fri: 6:45, 8:00am

Minḥa/Arvit: Sun: 7:00 * Mon-Thu: 7:45pm

Picture of the Week

Meanwhile, at the Ben Gurion Airport

In the Beginning

"...the rebels shortly after attacked the Romans again, and a clash followed between the guards of the sanctuary and the troops who were putting out the fire inside the inner court; the latter routed the Jews and followed in hot pursuit right up to the Temple itself. Then one of the soldiers, without awaiting any orders and with no dread of so momentous a deed, but urged on by some supernatural force, snatched a blazing piece of wood and, climbing on another soldier's back, hurled the flaming brand through a low golden window that gave access, on the north side, to the rooms that surrounded the sanctuary. As the flames shot up, the Jews let out a shout of dismay that matched the tragedy; they flocked to the rescue, with no thought of sparing their lives or husbanding their strength; for the sacred structure that they had constantly guarded with such devotion was vanishing before their very eyes.”

(Josephus Flavius (Joseph ben Matityahu), The Jewish War)

This Shabbat & Beyond

Təfilat ‘Erev Shabbat @7:00pm

Shaḥarit @ 8:30am ● First Kadish: 8:55am

Shəma‘ Yisrael: 9:15am - all kids participate! ● Youth Groups: See the Bayit Bulletin for all programs ● Parasha: 9:45am

Yimlokh: 10:40am - All kids are welcome to join!  

Dvar Torah: 10:45am - Akiva Small

Kiddush is sponsored by the Friedman family in celebration of Kayla-Ahuva aliya to Israel. Join us for kiddush, give her your Berakhot and say להתראות בארץ.

Our Deep Condolences to the families of the victims at Gilroy, California, El Paso, Texas, and Dayton, Ohio; To the family of IDF soldier Dvir Soreq z”l of Ofra, Israel.

Rəfuaa Shəlema to all the Bayit’s sick and to Israel’s injured bodies & souls. List is on the back page.

Many Thanks to the Boosidan family for supporting kiddush last shabbat; to Ami Aharon for Dvar Torah.

Happy Birthday to Iris Fuchs-Goren, Eldat Mayouhas, Yoel Oz, and... YOU!

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Minḥa - 5:30pm ● Shabbat Ends - 8:46pm

Fast Tish’a b’Av starts this Motsae Shabbat @ 8:01pm and ends Sunday evening @ 8:45pm. Have a meaningful and fast Fast.

Tu b’Av - the holiday of rebuilt and love is this coming Thursday night and Friday, August 15-16.

More news on the back.

The weekly Riddle

How many Jewish temples were there?

(Guess before you take a peek. The answer on the back page)

From the Rabbis and Beyond…

Rav Ovadia Yosef z”l  

ovadia.jpg

שבת חזון

שבת זו, שקודמת לתשעה באב, נקראת "שבת חזון", על שם ההפטרה שמפטירים לאחר קריאת התורה, "חזון ישעיהו בן אמוץ". וכל שלושת השבתות שלפני תשעה באב, נקראות "שלושה דפורענותא", כלומר, השלושה של הפורענות, מפני שההפטרות בכל אחת מהשבתות הללו עוסקות בתוכחות ובענייני החורבן והחטאים שגרמו לו.

והשבתות שלאחר תשעה באב, נקראות "שבעה דנחמתא", מפני שמפטירים בהם בדברי נחמה ואהבתו של ה' יתברך לעם ישראל גם כשהם בגלות. וכשהיה מרן רבינו עובדיה יוסף זצ"ל קורא את דברי הנביאים בהפטרות, שמלאים באהבת ה' לעמו ישראל, היו עיניו זולגות דמעות של התרגשות, והיה כמו נחנק בקולו מרוב דבקותו ורגישותו ואהבתו לה' ולעמו. וכל הקהל היה נענה אחריו בהתרגשות גדולה.

ובשבת זו, שהיא סמוכה ליום תשעה באב, אין לשנות שום דבר ממה שאנו נוהגים בכל שבתות השנה. הן מצד המאכלים, והן מצד השירים, והן מצד זה שאין להזכיר כלל את עניני החורבן והאבלות ביום השבת. וכתב מרן החיד"א בברכי יוסף (סימן תקנא), שמנהג ארץ ישראל ומצרים ושאר העיירות הגדולות בטורקיה, שלא לשנות בשבת חזון שום דבר משאר השבתות. ויש להעלות על השלחן מאכלים כפי שנוהגים בכל שבתות השנה, כדי לעשות יקר וגדולה לכבוד יום השבת.

וכתב עוד מרן החיד"א, שיש שנהגו לקרוא בבית הכנסת "קינה" בחרוזים וכדומה לרגל יום תשעה באב. וכתב שאין לנהוג כן, ובפרט שהדבר נעשה בבית הכנסת, והרי זה כמו שנוהגים אבלות בפרהסיא (ברבים) בשבת, שהוא אסור מן הדין. ויש לבטל את מנהגם. וכן פסק מרן רבינו עובדיה יוסף זצ"ל. (חזון עובדיה עמוד קנה).

ומותר לשורר בשמחה שירי קודש בסעודות השבת. שהרי אפילו בימות החול הסמוכים לתשעה באב, כבר ביארנו שאין איסור לשיר בפה, כי רק שירה על ידי כלי זמר נאסרה. ומכל מקום ביום השבת בודאי שיש להקל בזה, אפילו בשמחה גדולה, לכבוד יום השבת, כי הוא ראשון למקראי קודש.

Daf Bite  –   טעם דף

Temura 21a-b: Tithes When There Is No Temple

Among the terumot and ma’aserot – the tithes that the Torah requires be separated from fruits before eating – we find the commandment to set aside ma’aser sheni (see Devarim 14:22-26). Ma’aser sheni – “the second tithe” – is separated after the first tithes have been set aside for the kohen and the levi. This produce is taken by the owner and eaten in Jerusalem. In the event that there is too much for him to bring, he can redeem the fruit and purchase food in Jerusalem that he will eat there.

Does the requirement to set aside ma’aser sheni exist even when the Temple is no longer standing?

The Gemara ties this to another question: does the holiness of Jerusalem remain in place even after the Temple’s destruction?

(steinsaltz.org)

 * For the answer, join the Bayit Daf Yomi :)

Rav Question - שאלת רב

Was the Temple destroyed because its rules were not followed closely and fully; Or because it was over exalted, becoming, rather than means, the end.

Tish’aa b’Av 5778 Schedule

Tish’a B’Av Fast - Saturday Night to Sunday Day, August 10

Commemorating the destruction of the Temple and praying for its rebuilt. Sacrifices TBD.

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Shabbat Minha: 5:30pm

Seuda Shelishit: At home

Fast begins: Saturday night at 8:01pm

Tset Hakokhavim: 8:46pm

Arvit & Migilat Eikha: Motsae Shabbat at 9:10pm

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Shaharit: Sunday at 8:00am

Youth Program: 8:30am - 1:00pm; Shiurim: 11:00am - 1:00pm; Hesed Opportunity: 1:00pm - 1:45pm;  Film Series: 2:30 - 7:10pm

Minha: Sunday at 7:00pm

Arvit: Sunday at 8:00pm

Fast Ends: Sunday at 8:45pm

*** Have a meaningful & fast Fast :) ***

Tish’a b’Av

The Mishnah (Ta'anit, iv. 4) speaks of five national misfortunes that occurred on the Ninth of Ab, the first one being that night "when the Israelites were doomed to stay in the wilderness" for forty years (Num. xiv. 1 et seq.), the second and third the destruction of Jerusalem under Nebuchadnezzar and Titus, the fourth the fall of Bethar, and the fifth misfortune was the drawing of the plow over the Holy City and the Temple a year later, in order to turn the place into a Roman colony (compare Jerome, Zech. viii. 11). Henceforth the Ninth of Ab was like the Day of Atonement, the national fast-day "beginning with the evening before, no enjoyment whatever, whether in the way of eating and drinking or of bathing and anointing, being permitted from evening to evening. Even the study of the Law was to be confined to matters of a sad character (Ta'anit, 30a), nor should any work be done on that day." "He who does work on the Ninth of Ab," says Akiba, "will see no blessing in it" (Ta'anit, 30b).

(jewishencyclopedia.com

In the Good News

- A breakthrough Israeli technology in the chicken industry will prevent the birth and killing of 8 billion male chicks yearly!

Males chicks are not used as broilers and obviously for layer hens. The startup’s technology first implants an identifier (a luminating gene) into the birthing hens which manifest itself only in the male eggs the chicken has. Previous to the eggs arriving at the hatchery, eggXYt’s scanner technology, branded as seXYt, quickly identifies which eggs are male and female and allows the farms to focus on incubating the female eggs while quickly repurposing the male eggs rather than waiting several weeks to manually identify them and kill them off.

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You can tell this chick is a male by its malish stand :)

On the Parasha & Beyond…

Parasha Bite - Dəvarim

This week Parashat Devarim - "Be’er Moshe et haTorah - Moshe interprets the Torah to them” -  to Bnei Yisrael.

Rashi explains that “In seventy languages he interpreted it...”

Why was it necessary to interpret the Torah in seventy languages? Possibly, since G-d knew that Bnei Yisrael will be dispersed all over the world and dwell among the nations, and therefore He interpreted the Torah in seventy languages, so in every language and within every nation there would be a spark of Torah.

Or maybe so The Jewish People can share and teach the Torah to all the nations, enabling them to hear the word of Hashem and follow His commandments. Shabbat shel Shalom :) tbs.

Parasha: Dəvarim - Dəvarim (Deuteronomy) 1:1-3:22

Historical Context: Creation Time: 2487 (1437 BCE).

Bnei Israel's 40-year journey is close to an end as they encamped in the plains of Moab, across the Jordan from Jericho, on the first day of the 12th month of the 40th year.

Parashort: In the land of Moav, across the Jordan River, Moshe begins the repetition of the Torah to Bnei Yisrael. He reviews the events that occurred and the laws that were given in the course of their 40 year journey from Egypt to Sinai to the Promised Land. Moshe recalls his appointment of judges and magistrates to ease his burden of bringing justice to the people and teaching them the word of G-d; the journey from Sinai through the great desert; the sending of the spies and the consequent decree that the entire generation of the exodus shall die out in the desert; the refusal of Moav and Amon to allow Bnei Yisrael to pass through their countries; the wars against the Emori’s kings, Sihon and Og; the settlement of their lands by the tribes of Re’uven and Gad and part of the tribe of Menashe. Finally, Moshe instructs Yehushua, who will take the people into the Promised Land and lead them in the battles for its conquest, no to fear the nations of Kna’aan “for the L-d your G-d, He shall fight for you." (chabad)

Haftara: 3 Weeks (3) - Yesha’ayahu (Isaiah), 1:1-27

Haftit: Our haftara is of Shabbat Ḥazon. In it are the prophecies of the suffering that will take place to the Israel because of their sins and the forthcoming destruction of Bet Hamikdash and the City of Jerusalem because of their sins. G-d appeals to the Jewish people to repent. G-d tells Bnei Yisrael that they should learn to do good, seek justice, and support the oppressed. G-d says “Repent! If you are bad, become good.” Once Bnei Yisrael becomes good, they will be redeemed. G-d warns them that the city of Jerusalem’s deterioration will lead only to Bnei Yisrael’s destruction. For the land will need to return to her pure state and G-d will have to purify Jerusalem with fire. (haftorahman)

Connection to the Parasha: The Haftarot of Bein haMetsarim are taken from Isaiah and Jeremiah and are about the Temple's destruction and the exile of the Jewish people. This week’s haftara is the third of the three haftarot of the Three Weeks period, before Tish’aa B’Av.

Speechless in the Parasha: Dəvarim

What are “D’varim” in our parasha and what are “D’varim” in modern Hebrew? What is the word in the parasha that has the same root D.B.R but does not mean literally “to talk?”

Shabbat Ḥazon

The Shabbat before Tish’aa b’Av is called Shabbat Ḥazon - שבת חזון - the Shabbat of foretelling - as we read the Haftara portion from the prophecy of Isaiah (1:1-27), as the final of the "three of affliction" readings. It includes words of rebuke and doom coming from Isaiah. This Shabbat is also referred to as the Black Shabbat due to its status as the saddest Shabbat of the year as opposed to the White Shabbat, Shabbat Shuvah, immediately preceding Yom Kippur.

Rega’ shel Ivrit

The word Takhles - תַּכְלֶס - it’s a Yidish word in a very common use in modern Hebrew. Takhles means the practical details of a matter, "brass tacks" - as in, "Let's get down to brass tacks" - or simply the “bottom line.”

Takhles comes from the Hebrew word - תכלית takhlít - meaning purpose, aim, object; end, or limit, which its Yiddish counterpart is  תַּכְלֶס tákhles.  ***(With thanks to Martin Elsky :)

Time to Smile  

The young man shook Prime Minister Binyamin Natanyahu’s hand and said: “It is a great honor. You are a truly holy person.”

Netanyahu was flattered and yet slightly embarrassed and said: “Thank you... but no need to exaggerate...”

“No, you really are!” The young man insisted. “You are holy like the holy Torah!!!”

“Holy?! And like the Torah???” Netanyahu was even further puzzled!

“With no doubt, holy like the Torah...” the young man explained, “every week a new parasha.”

Riddle Solved

It depends how we count:

The Tabernacle - Hamishkan - that served Bne Yisrael throughout the Desert years, the Judges period, and the beginning of the Israelite Kingdom.

The Solomon Temple - built by King Shlomo on the Temple Mount, Jerusalem.

The Zerubavel Temple - by the Jewish exiles who returned from Buvel with the blessing of the Persian King, Cyrus the Great.

The Hashmonite Temple - rededicating the Temple which was used for pagan worship by the Hellinists.

The Herod Temple - by King Hordus who renovated and actually rebuilt the old Temple.

The Julian Temple - an attempt to rebuild the “Third Temple” by the Jews or Eretz Yisrael in 362 CE with the blessing of Julian, the Emperor of the Roman Empire.

Biblical Quiz: Dəvarim

Kids: How do we say “the Jordan River” in Hebrew?

Teenagers: Why were Bnei Yisrael instructed not to conquer the land of Se’ir?

Adults: There are two lo-ta’ase mitsvot (negative precepts) in parashat D’varim, what are they?

Community Board

This Week’s BAN is Sponsored By:

Things That Matter

Beth Aharon AḤVA Membership Campaign – 5779 שנת אחוה

In tribute to BA’s 20 Year Anniversary (Gematria: AḤVA=Friendship=אַחְוָה), please remember to join our 5779 Membership Campaign so we can fund a new Aron Kodesh. Your presence and membership greatly enhances our Bet Kneset and b’Ezrat Hashem our Tefillot.

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Support Congregation Beth Aharon! Thank you for joining tefilot @ Beth Aharon. Please support Beth Aharon. Mail donations, pledges, High Holidays 5779 and membership fees to: Beth Aharon/HIR, 3700 Henry Hudson Pkwy, Bronx, NY 10463.

Check our blog to donate online and for daily updates: bethaharon.blogspot.com.ANd9GcQ9j_0gsquc7GDppBRsEGt5JAUDSjCscSkOhqq3_fjWxYTk4zaPSAContact: Email: bethaharon@gmail.com; Phone: 917-885-4714. Tizku Leshanim Rabot V’tovot!

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Fill up your Shabbat and Holiday table by inviting friends and guests. Need a table? Contact us @ bethaharon@gmail.com 

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Sponsor the BAN Advertise your business and support Beth Aharon’s Newsletter. Place your business card for $36 per week; $252 for 17 weeks; or $576 for 52 weeks.

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Community Security Service (CSS) Thank you to all our CSS volunteers. During the summer months, your willingness to stand outside in extreme heat is greatly appreciated. The extra shifts you work while many of the team members are on vacation is especially appreciated. The best thank you to give is to become part of the team. The more volunteers we have, the fewer times each year any one person has to serve. Ready to sign up for the next training course? Questions? Please contact Tzvi Bar-Shai at tzvib@thecss.org.

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Important Security Note - Since the tragic events in Pittsburgh, the Bayit hires security guards each week for Friday night and Shabbat morning. This is a substantial increase in the shul’s expenses. Please consider an additional gift to the shul to help cover the costs.  Donate online at www.thebayit.org/security.

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Israel Action Committee: The Bayit has formed an Israel Action Committee to deepen our bond with Medinat Yisrael and counteract today’s campaigns of misinformation and outright hatred directed against the Jewish people. Please join us on Sunday, August 25, at 8 pm for our first open meeting at the Bayit, when committees will be formed on fighting BDS and anti-Semitism; providing opportunities to deepen our connection to Israel; promoting involvement in effective pro-Israel organizations; developing Israeli-U.S. cultural exchanges, and publicity-communications. For more information, e-mail us at israelaction@thebayit.org

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Breath, Body, Mind Workshop w/Shira Gordon: MONDAY, AUGUST 12TH, 1:00pm –2:00pm. A gentle, effective, breathing practice to manage stress, anxiety, and depression and improve general health and well being. Facilitated by Shira Gordon, RN, MS, MPH. Certified teacher of the BBM technique as taught by Dr. Richard Brown and Dr. Pat Gerbarg. To sign up please visit www.thebayit.org/breath.

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A Moment of BAN

One way of fighting terror is by deepening the roots: settling the land, building communities, creating families, having kids... and making Aliya.

Biblical Quiz - Answers: Dəvarim

Kids: N’har HaYarden - נהר הירדן .

Teenagers: G-d gave Seir to Ya’akov’s brother, Esav, and to his descendants. (Lesson: respect your siblings’ stuff).

Adults: Not to appoint any judge who is unlearned in the Torah; a judge presiding at a trial should not fear any evil man.

Prayer for wellness

To Israel in captivity and Israel’s wounded bodies & souls; Reuven ben Aliza, Menachem ben Yehudit, Yig’al ben Sulika, Rubin ben Abraham López & Ela, Avraham ben Avraham, Adi ben Talia, Yosef Shelomo ben Ester & Yitshak Rofe, Naftali ben Esther.

Congregation Beth Aharon is Riverdale’s Sephardic Orthodox Congregation, located at the Riverdale Bayit (HIR) Bronx, NY. We welcome all worshipers regardless of eda or level of observance. Our congregants take an active-leading role in Tefila and Kria’at haTorah.